117 relations: Abrasive, Acetone, Acne, Aeolian Islands, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Alcohol, Alkyl, Aluminium, Amide, Analyst (journal), Ancient Greece, Annealing (metallurgy), Antibiotic, Antiseptic, Aryl, Athlete's foot, Bacterial vaginosis, Bicarbonate, Blacksmith, Boiling water reactor, Boracic lint, Boracite, Borate, Borax, Boron, Boron deficiency (plant disorder), Boron trioxide, Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, Buffer solution, Calfskin, Candidiasis, Cannibalism, Carcinogen, Carrom, Ceramic, Chemical formula, Chernobyl disaster, Cockroach, Colemanite, Crystal structure, Cyanuric acid, Denatured alcohol, Diborane, Dressing (medical), Dry lubricant, Ethylene glycol, European Chemicals Bureau, Exoskeleton, Fiberglass, Fire ant, ..., Firescale, Flame retardant, Flat panel display, Flea, Flux (metallurgy), Glycerol, Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrofluoric acid, Hydrogen, Hydrogen bond, Hypochlorous acid, Induction furnace, Insect, Insecticide, Lewis acids and bases, Liquid-crystal display, Mannitol, Marcellus Formation, Median lethal dose, Merck Index, Metabolism, Metaboric acid, Methanol, Mineral, Mineral acid, Molecular symmetry, Neutron capture, Neutron poison, Nevada, Nickel(II) sulfate, Nitrate, Novuss, Otitis externa, Oxygen, PH, Polyol, Pressurized water reactor, Pyridine, Pyrotechnics, Raman spectroscopy, Redox, Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, Reproductive toxicity, Risk and Safety Statements, Sassolite, Sheepskin, Silicon dioxide, Silicone oil, Silly Putty, Silverfish, Sodium chloride, Sodium dodecyl sulfate, Soldering, Sulfuric acid, Swimming pool, Teratology, Termite, Testicular atrophy, Torch (juggling), Trigonal planar molecular geometry, Tuscany, Ulexite, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Urine, Water, Wilhelm Homberg. Expand index (67 more) » « Shrink index
An abrasive is a material, often a mineral, that is used to shape or finish a workpiece through rubbing which leads to part of the workpiece being worn away by friction.
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.
The Aeolian Islands (Isole Eolie,, Ìsuli Eoli, Αιολίδες Νήσοι, Aiolides Nisoi) are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus.
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is a federal public health agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).
Analyst is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of analytical chemistry, bioanalysis, and detection science.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Annealing, in metallurgy and materials science, is a heat treatment that alters the physical and sometimes chemical properties of a material to increase its ductility and reduce its hardness, making it more workable.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Antiseptics (from Greek ἀντί anti, "against" and σηπτικός sēptikos, "putrefactive") are antimicrobial substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction.
In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as phenyl and naphthyl.
Athlete's foot, known medically as tinea pedis, is a common skin infection of the feet caused by fungus.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a disease of the vagina caused by excessive growth of bacteria.
In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
A blacksmith is a metalsmith who creates objects from wrought iron or steel by forging the metal, using tools to hammer, bend, and cut (cf. whitesmith).
The boiling water reactor (BWR) is a type of light water nuclear reactor used for the generation of electrical power.
Boracic lint was a type of medical dressing made from surgical lint that was soaked in a hot, saturated solution of boracic acid and glycerine and then left to dry.
Boracite is a magnesium borate mineral with formula: Mg3B7O13Cl.
Borates are the name for a large number of boron-containing oxyanions.
Borax, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate, is an important boron compound, a mineral, and a salt of boric acid.
Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5.
Boron deficiency is a common deficiency of the micronutrient boron in plants.
Boron trioxide (or diboron trioxide) is one of the oxides of boron.
The Brønsted–Lowry theory is an acid–base reaction theory which was proposed independently by Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and Thomas Martin Lowry in 1923.
A buffer solution (more precisely, pH buffer or hydrogen ion buffer) is an aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa.
Calfskin or calf leather is a leather or membrane produced from the hide of a calf, or juvenile domestic cattle.
Candidiasis is a fungal infection due to any type of Candida (a type of yeast).
Cannibalism is the act of one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Carrom (also spelled karrom) is a "strike-and-" tabletop game of South Asian origin.
A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
The Chernobyl disaster, also referred to as the Chernobyl accident, was a catastrophic nuclear accident.
Cockroaches are insects of the order Blattodea, which also includes termites. About 30 cockroach species out of 4,600 are associated with human habitats. About four species are well known as pests. The cockroaches are an ancient group, dating back at least as far as the Carboniferous period, some 320 million years ago. Those early ancestors however lacked the internal ovipositors of modern roaches. Cockroaches are somewhat generalized insects without special adaptations like the sucking mouthparts of aphids and other true bugs; they have chewing mouthparts and are likely among the most primitive of living neopteran insects. They are common and hardy insects, and can tolerate a wide range of environments from Arctic cold to tropical heat. Tropical cockroaches are often much bigger than temperate species, and, contrary to popular belief, extinct cockroach relatives and 'roachoids' such as the Carboniferous Archimylacris and the Permian Apthoroblattina were not as large as the biggest modern species. Some species, such as the gregarious German cockroach, have an elaborate social structure involving common shelter, social dependence, information transfer and kin recognition. Cockroaches have appeared in human culture since classical antiquity. They are popularly depicted as dirty pests, though the great majority of species are inoffensive and live in a wide range of habitats around the world.
Colemanite (Ca2B6O11·5H2O) or (CaB3O4(OH)3·H2O) is a borate mineral found in evaporite deposits of alkaline lacustrine environments.
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material.
Cyanuric acid or 1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triol is a chemical compound with the formula (CNOH)3.
Denatured alcohol, also called methylated spirit (methylated spirits in Australia and New Zealand) or denatured rectified spirit, is ethanol that has additives to make it poisonous, bad tasting, foul smelling or nauseating, to discourage recreational consumption.
Diborane is the chemical compound consisting of boron and hydrogen with the formula B2H6.
A dressing is a sterile pad or compress applied to a wound to promote healing and protect the wound from further harm.
Dry lubricants or solid lubricants are materials that, despite being in the solid phase, are able to reduce friction between two surfaces sliding against each other without the need for a liquid oil medium.
Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2.
The European Chemicals Bureau (ECB) was the focal point for the data and assessment procedure on dangerous chemicals within the European Union.
An exoskeleton (from Greek έξω, éxō "outer" and σκελετός, skeletós "skeleton") is the external skeleton that supports and protects an animal's body, in contrast to the internal skeleton (endoskeleton) of, for example, a human.
Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.
Fire ant is the common name for several species of ants in the genus Solenopsis.
Firescale, also known as firestain, is a layer of oxides that is visible on the surface of objects made of metal alloys containing copper when the object is heated, as by a jeweler heating a ring to apply solder during a repair.
The term flame retardants subsumes a diverse group of chemicals which are added to manufactured materials, such as plastics and textiles, and surface finishes and coatings.
Flat-panel displays are electronic viewing technologies used to enable people to see content (still images, moving images, text, or other visual material) in a range of entertainment, consumer electronics, personal computer, and mobile devices, and many types of medical, transportation and industrial equipment.
Fleas are small flightless insects that form the order Siphonaptera.
In metallurgy, a flux (derived from Latin fluxus meaning “flow”) is a chemical cleaning agent, flowing agent, or purifying agent.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, commonly referred to as the Blue Bible or Goodman & Gilman, is a textbook of pharmacology originally authored by Louis S. Goodman and Alfred Gilman.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydrofluoric acid is a solution of hydrogen fluoride (HF) in water.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
Hypochlorous acid (HClO) is a weak acid that forms when chlorine dissolves in water, and itself partially dissociates, forming ClO-.
An Induction Furnace is an electrical furnace in which the heat is applied by induction heating of metal.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
Insecticides are substances used to kill insects.
A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
Mannitol is a type of sugar alcohol which is also used as a medication.
The Marcellus Formation (also classified as the Marcellus Subgroup of the Hamilton Group, Marcellus Member of the Romney Formation, or simply the Marcellus Shale) is a Middle Devonian age unit of marine sedimentary rock found in eastern North America.
In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.
The Merck Index is an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs and biologicals with over 10,000 monographs on single substances or groups of related compounds.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Metaboric acid is the name for a family of inorganic compounds formed by the dehydration of boric acid.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
A mineral acid (or inorganic acid) is an acid derived from one or more inorganic compounds.
Molecular symmetry in chemistry describes the symmetry present in molecules and the classification of molecules according to their symmetry.
Neutron capture is a nuclear reaction in which an atomic nucleus and one or more neutrons collide and merge to form a heavier nucleus.
In applications such as nuclear reactors, a neutron poison (also called a neutron absorber or a nuclear poison) is a substance with a large neutron absorption cross-section.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
Nickel(II) sulfate, or just nickel sulfate, usually refers to the inorganic compound with the formula NiSO4(H2O)6.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Novuss (also known as koroona or korona) is a two-player (or four-player, doubles) game of physical skill which is closely related to carrom/ Karrom, and pocket billiards.
Otitis externa, also called swimmer's ear, is inflammation of the ear canal.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
A polyol is an organic compound containing multiple hydroxyl groups.
Pressurized water reactors (PWRs) constitute the large majority of the world's nuclear power plants (notable exceptions being the United Kingdom, Japan, and Canada) and are one of three types of light water reactor (LWR), the other types being boiling water reactors (BWRs) and supercritical water reactors (SCWRs).
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
Pyrotechnics is the science of using materials capable of undergoing self-contained and self-sustained exothermic chemical reactions for the production of heat, light, gas, smoke and/or sound.
Raman spectroscopy (named after Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman) is a spectroscopic technique used to observe vibrational, rotational, and other low-frequency modes in a system.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) is a European Union regulation dating from 18 December 2006.
Reproductive toxicity is a hazard associated with some chemical substances, that they will interfere in some way with normal reproduction; such substances are called reprotoxic.
Risk and Safety Statements, also known as R/S statements, R/S numbers, R/S phrases, and R/S sentences, is a system of hazard codes and phrases for labeling dangerous chemicals and compounds.
Sassolite is a borate mineral, and is the mineral form of boric acid.
Sheepskin is the hide of a sheep, sometimes also called lambskin.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
A silicone oil is any liquid polymerized siloxane with organic side chains.
Silly Putty is a toy based on silicone polymers that have unusual physical properties.
A silverfish (Lepisma saccharina) is a small, wingless insect in the order Zygentoma (formerly Thysanura).
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), synonymously sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), or sodium laurilsulfate, is a synthetic organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)11SO4 Na.
Soldering (AmE:, BrE), is a process in which two or more items (usually metal) are joined together by melting and putting a filler metal (solder) into the joint, the filler metal having a lower melting point than the adjoining metal.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, or paddling pool is a structure designed to hold water to enable swimming or other leisure activities.
Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.
Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.
Testicular atrophy is a medical condition in which the male reproductive organs (the testes, which in humans are located in the scrotum) diminish in size and may be accompanied by loss of function.
Juggling torches are one of various props used by jugglers.
In chemistry, trigonal planar is a molecular geometry model with one atom at the center and three atoms at the corners of an equilateral triangle, called peripheral atoms, all in one plane.
Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).
Ulexite (NaCaB5O6(OH)6·5H2O, hydrated sodium calcium borate hydroxide), sometimes known as TV rock, is a mineral occurring in silky white rounded crystalline masses or in parallel fibers.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Wilhelm Homberg (January 8, 1652 – September 24, 1715), also known as Guillaume Homberg in French, was a Dutch natural philosopher.
ATC code S02AA03, ATCvet code QS02AA03, B(OH)3, BH3O3, Boracic acid, Boric, Boric Acid, Boric acids, Borofax, Boron hydroxide, E284, H3BO3, H3Bo3, Hydrogen borate, Hydrogen orthoborate, H₃BO₃, Optibor, Orthoboric acid, Roach powder.