Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Borobudur

Index Borobudur

Borobudur, or Barabudur (Candi Borobudur, Candhi Barabudhur) is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang Regency, not far from the town of Muntilan, in Central Java, Indonesia. [1]

284 relations: Adrian Snodgrass, Akshobhya, Alkali salt, Amitābha, Amoghasiddhi, Amsterdam, Anala, Anastylosis, Anatta, Ancestor, Ancient monuments of Java, Andesite, Angkor Wat, Anthropomorphism, Apsara, Arūpajhāna, Architecture of Indonesia, Art history, Asura (Buddhism), Australia, Australian dollar, Austronesian peoples, Avadana, Avatamsaka Sutra, Śūnyatā, Śuddhodana, Babad Tanah Jawi, Bagan, Balinese language, Baluster, Bangkok National Museum, Belgian franc, Belgium, Bodhi Tree, Bodhisattva, Borobudur ship, Borobudur Temple Compounds, Brahmin, British Museum, Buddhism, Buddhism in Indonesia, Buddhist architecture, Buddhist art, Buddhist cosmology, Buddhist pilgrimage, Calcium hydroxide, Cambodia, Candi of Indonesia, Central Java, Charity (virtue), ..., Chatra (umbrella), Chemical engineering, Chulalongkorn, Circle, Closed-circuit television, Concentric objects, Conradus Leemans, Corbel arch, Cypriot pound, Cyprus, Desire realm, Deutsche Mark, Dharmachakra, Dovetail joint, Drainage, Dutch East Indies, Dutch guilder, Dvarapala, East Java, Epigraphy, Extremism, Facade, Ficus religiosa, Five Tathagatas, Flemish people, Fly-whisk, Four stages of enlightenment, Fractal, France, Frank G. Carpenter, French and British interregnum in the Dutch East Indies, Full moon, Gamelan, Ganapathi Thanikaimoni, Gandavyuha, Gandharva, Gargoyle, Gautama Buddha, Germany, Giant, Gold leaf, Government of Indonesia, Governor-general, Guimet Museum, Guinness World Records, Gunadharma, Gupta Empire, Hinduism in Indonesia, Hotel Borobudur, Hyang, Hypothesis, Idolatry, In situ, India, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Indonesian National Revolution, Indonesian rupiah, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Invasion of Java (1811), Isidore van Kinsbergen, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Jakarta Globe, Jataka tales, Java, Javanese historical texts, Javanese language, Javanese people, Jetavana, Jihadism, Kaal, Kalasan, Kapilavastu (ancient city), Karangtengah inscription, Karma in Buddhism, Karmawibhangga Museum, Kedu Plain, Kedu Residency, Kelud, Khmer Empire, Kinnara, Kompas, Kris, Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Lake Borobudur, Lalitavistara Sūtra, Life imprisonment, Ligor inscription, Lingam, List of Buddhist temples, List of sacred places in Java, List of World Heritage Sites in Southeast Asia, London, Lotus position, Louvre, Lumbini, Magelang, Magelang Regency, Mahayana, Maitreya, Majapahit, Makara (Hindu mythology), Mandala, Manjushri, Maritime Southeast Asia, Mataram Sultanate, Maya (mother of the Buddha), Medang Kingdom, Megalith, Mendut, Metres above sea level, Microbiology, Monograph, Mortar (masonry), Mount Merapi, Mount Merbabu, Mount Sumbing, Mount Sundoro, Mpu Prapanca, Mpu Sindok, Mudra, Muntilan, Museum of World Religions, Myanmar, Nagarakretagama, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Narada Maha Thera, National Geographic, National Museum (Malaysia), National Museum of Indonesia, Natural rubber, Nelumbo nucifera, Nirvana, Old Javanese, Pacific Asia Travel Association, Palm-leaf manuscript, Panangkaran, Parikrama, Paris, Pawon, Philippines, Pilgrim, Place of worship, Prajnaparamita, Prambanan, Pramodhawardhani, Pratītyasamutpāda, Precipitation, Prehistoric Indonesia, Progo River, Prologue, Public holidays in Indonesia, Pyramid, Rakai Pikatan, Rama, Ratnasambhava, Ratu Boko, Relief, Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences, Royal Netherlands Army, Rupajhana, Saṃsāra, Saṃsāra (Buddhism), Samadhi, Samantabhadra, Samaratungga, Samudra Raksa Museum, Sanctuary, Sanjaya of Mataram, Sanskrit, Sari temple, Self-similarity, Semarang, Sewu, Shailendra dynasty, Shaivism, Shambhala Publications, Shiva, Shravasti, Shrine, Soil fertility, Square, Sri Lanka, Srivijaya, Stamford Raffles, Step pyramid, Stone carving, Structural engineering, Stupa, Sudhana, Suharto, Sukarno, Superstition, Surakarta, Surasundari, Tara (Buddhism), Temanggung Regency, Temple, Thailand, The History of Java, Time (magazine), Tourism in Indonesia, Trail of Civilizations, Tri Tepusan inscription, Tribhanga, Tropenmuseum, Tushita, Tusk, UNESCO, Unfinished Buddha, United States dollar, Upāsaka and Upāsikā, Urban planning, Vairocana, Vajrayana, Varanasi, Vastu shastra, Veneration of the dead, Vesak, Vihara, Volcanic ash, W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp, Wayang, White elephant, World Heritage Committee, World Heritage site, World War II, Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta Sultanate, Zenith, 1985 Borobudur bombing, 1997 Asian financial crisis, 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake, 2010 eruptions of Mount Merapi. Expand index (234 more) »

Adrian Snodgrass

Adrian Snodgrass is an authority in Buddhist studies and Buddhist art.

New!!: Borobudur and Adrian Snodgrass · See more »

Akshobhya

In Vajrayana Buddhism, Akshobhya (अक्षोभ्य, Akṣobhya, "Immovable One") is one of the Five Wisdom Buddhas, a product of the Adibuddha, who represents consciousness as an aspect of reality.

New!!: Borobudur and Akshobhya · See more »

Alkali salt

Alkali salts or basic salts are salts that are the product of the neutralization of a strong base and a weak acid.

New!!: Borobudur and Alkali salt · See more »

Amitābha

Amitābha, also known as Amida or Amitāyus, is a celestial buddha according to the scriptures of Mahayana Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Amitābha · See more »

Amoghasiddhi

Amoghasiddhi is one of the Five Wisdom Buddhas of the Vajrayana tradition of Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Amoghasiddhi · See more »

Amsterdam

Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

New!!: Borobudur and Amsterdam · See more »

Anala

In Hinduism, Anala ("fire" in Sanskrit) is one of the Vasus, gods of the material world.

New!!: Borobudur and Anala · See more »

Anastylosis

Anastylosis (from the Ancient Greek: αναστήλωσις, -εως; ανα, ana.

New!!: Borobudur and Anastylosis · See more »

Anatta

In Buddhism, the term anattā (Pali) or anātman (Sanskrit) refers to the doctrine of "non-self", that there is no unchanging, permanent self, soul or essence in living beings.

New!!: Borobudur and Anatta · See more »

Ancestor

An ancestor is a parent or (recursively) the parent of an antecedent (i.e., a grandparent, great-grandparent, great-great-grandparent, and so forth).

New!!: Borobudur and Ancestor · See more »

Ancient monuments of Java

Hundreds of ancient stone religious monuments lie on the island of Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Ancient monuments of Java · See more »

Andesite

Andesite is an extrusive igneous, volcanic rock, of intermediate composition, with aphanitic to porphyritic texture.

New!!: Borobudur and Andesite · See more »

Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat (អង្គរវត្ត, "Capital Temple") is a temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world, on a site measuring.

New!!: Borobudur and Angkor Wat · See more »

Anthropomorphism

Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.

New!!: Borobudur and Anthropomorphism · See more »

Apsara

An apsara, also spelled as apsaras by the Oxford Dictionary (respective plurals apsaras and apsarases), is a female spirit of the clouds and waters in Hindu culture.

New!!: Borobudur and Apsara · See more »

Arūpajhāna

In Buddhism, the arūpajhānas or "formless meditations" are four successive levels of meditation on non-material objects.

New!!: Borobudur and Arūpajhāna · See more »

Architecture of Indonesia

The architecture of Indonesia reflects the diversity of cultural, historical and geographic influences that have shaped Indonesia as a whole.

New!!: Borobudur and Architecture of Indonesia · See more »

Art history

Art history is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts; that is genre, design, format, and style.

New!!: Borobudur and Art history · See more »

Asura (Buddhism)

An asura (Sanskrit/Pali: असुर, असुरो) in Buddhism is a demigod or titan of the Kāmadhātu.

New!!: Borobudur and Asura (Buddhism) · See more »

Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

New!!: Borobudur and Australia · See more »

Australian dollar

The Australian dollar (sign: $; code: AUD) is the currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, including its external territories Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island, as well as the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.

New!!: Borobudur and Australian dollar · See more »

Austronesian peoples

The Austronesian peoples are various groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages that are under the Austronesian language super-family.

New!!: Borobudur and Austronesian peoples · See more »

Avadana

Avadāna (Sanskrit; Pali cognate: Apadāna) is the name given to a type of Buddhist literature correlating past lives' virtuous deeds to subsequent lives' events.

New!!: Borobudur and Avadana · See more »

Avatamsaka Sutra

The (Sanskrit; alternatively, the) is one of the most influential Mahayana sutras of East Asian Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Avatamsaka Sutra · See more »

Śūnyatā

Śūnyatā (Sanskrit; Pali: suññatā), pronounced ‘shoonyataa’, translated into English most often as emptiness and sometimes voidness, is a Buddhist concept which has multiple meanings depending on its doctrinal context.

New!!: Borobudur and Śūnyatā · See more »

Śuddhodana

Śuddhodana (Pali: Suddhōdana), meaning "he who grows pure rice," was a leader of the Shakya, who lived in an oligarchic republic with their capital at Kapilavastu.

New!!: Borobudur and Śuddhodana · See more »

Babad Tanah Jawi

Babad Tanah Jawi ("History of the land of Java"), is a generic title for a large number of manuscripts written in Javanese language.

New!!: Borobudur and Babad Tanah Jawi · See more »

Bagan

Bagan (formerly Pagan) is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Myanmar.

New!!: Borobudur and Bagan · See more »

Balinese language

Balinese, or simply Bali, is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by 3.3 million people on the Indonesian island of Bali as well as northern Nusa Penida, western Lombok and eastern Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Balinese language · See more »

Baluster

A baluster—also called spindle or stair stick—is a moulded shaft, square or of lathe-turned form, cut from a rectangular or square plank, one of various forms of spindle in woodwork, made of stone or wood and sometimes of metal, standing on a unifying footing, and supporting the coping of a parapet or the handrail of a staircase.

New!!: Borobudur and Baluster · See more »

Bangkok National Museum

The Bangkok National Museum (พิพิธภัณฑสถานแห่งชาติ พระนคร) is the main branch museum of the National Museums in Thailand and also one of the largest museum in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Borobudur and Bangkok National Museum · See more »

Belgian franc

The Belgian franc (Franc belge, Belgische frank, Belgischer Franken) was the currency of the Kingdom of Belgium from 1832 until 2002 when the Euro was introduced.

New!!: Borobudur and Belgian franc · See more »

Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

New!!: Borobudur and Belgium · See more »

Bodhi Tree

The Bodhi Tree, (Sanskrit: बोधि) also known as Bo (from Sinhalese: Bo),The word 'Bodh' means knowledge and enlightenment.

New!!: Borobudur and Bodhi Tree · See more »

Bodhisattva

In Buddhism, Bodhisattva is the Sanskrit term for anyone who has generated Bodhicitta, a spontaneous wish and compassionate mind to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings. Bodhisattvas are a popular subject in Buddhist art.

New!!: Borobudur and Bodhisattva · See more »

Borobudur ship

A Borobudur ship is the 8th-century wooden double outrigger, sailed vessel of Maritime Southeast Asia depicted in some bas reliefs of the Borobudur Buddhist monument in Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Borobudur ship · See more »

Borobudur Temple Compounds

Borobudur Temple Compounds is a term used by the World Heritage designation of the area of three Buddhist temples in Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Borobudur Temple Compounds · See more »

Brahmin

Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.

New!!: Borobudur and Brahmin · See more »

British Museum

The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.

New!!: Borobudur and British Museum · See more »

Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

New!!: Borobudur and Buddhism · See more »

Buddhism in Indonesia

Buddhism in Indonesia has a long history, with a considerable range of relics dated from its earlier years in Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Buddhism in Indonesia · See more »

Buddhist architecture

Buddhist religious architecture developed in the Indian subcontinent.

New!!: Borobudur and Buddhist architecture · See more »

Buddhist art

Buddhist art is the artistic practices that are influenced by Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Buddhist art · See more »

Buddhist cosmology

Buddhist cosmology is the description of the shape and evolution of the Universe according to the Buddhist scriptures and commentaries.

New!!: Borobudur and Buddhist cosmology · See more »

Buddhist pilgrimage

The most important places of pilgrimage in Buddhism are located in the Gangetic plains of Northern India and Southern Nepal, in the area between New Delhi and Rajgir.

New!!: Borobudur and Buddhist pilgrimage · See more »

Calcium hydroxide

Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2.

New!!: Borobudur and Calcium hydroxide · See more »

Cambodia

Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Borobudur and Cambodia · See more »

Candi of Indonesia

A candi is a Hindu or Buddhist temple in Indonesia, mostly built during the Zaman Hindu-Buddha or "Indianized period", between the 4th and 15th centuries.

New!!: Borobudur and Candi of Indonesia · See more »

Central Java

Central Java (Jawa Tengah, abbreviated as Jateng) is a province of Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Central Java · See more »

Charity (virtue)

In Christian theology charity, Latin caritas, is understood by Thomas Aquinas as "the friendship of man for God", which "unites us to God".

New!!: Borobudur and Charity (virtue) · See more »

Chatra (umbrella)

The chatra (from छत्र, meaning "umbrella") is an auspicious symbol in Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Chatra (umbrella) · See more »

Chemical engineering

Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that uses principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics and economics to efficiently use, produce, transform, and transport chemicals, materials and energy.

New!!: Borobudur and Chemical engineering · See more »

Chulalongkorn

Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poraminthra Maha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาจุฬาลงกรณ์ พระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or Rama V (20 September 1853 – 23 October 1910), was the fifth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri.

New!!: Borobudur and Chulalongkorn · See more »

Circle

A circle is a simple closed shape.

New!!: Borobudur and Circle · See more »

Closed-circuit television

Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.

New!!: Borobudur and Closed-circuit television · See more »

Concentric objects

In geometry, two or more objects are said to be concentric, coaxal, or coaxial when they share the same center or axis.

New!!: Borobudur and Concentric objects · See more »

Conradus Leemans

Conradus Leemans (1809–1893) was a Dutch Egyptologist.

New!!: Borobudur and Conradus Leemans · See more »

Corbel arch

A corbel arch (or corbeled / corbelled arch) is an arch-like construction method that uses the architectural technique of corbeling to span a space or void in a structure, such as an entranceway in a wall or as the span of a bridge.

New!!: Borobudur and Corbel arch · See more »

Cypriot pound

The pound, also known as the lira (λίρα / plural λίρες and Turkish: lira, from the Latin libra through the Italian lira), was the currency of Cyprus, including the Sovereign Base Areas in Akrotiri and Dhekelia, until 31 December 2007, when the Republic of Cyprus adopted the euro.

New!!: Borobudur and Cypriot pound · See more »

Cyprus

Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.

New!!: Borobudur and Cyprus · See more »

Desire realm

The desire realm (Sanskrit: kāmadhātu) is one of the trailokya or three realms (Sanskrit: dhātu, Tibetan: khams) in Buddhist cosmology into which a being wandering in saṃsāra may be reborn.

New!!: Borobudur and Desire realm · See more »

Deutsche Mark

The Deutsche Mark ("German mark"), abbreviated "DM" or, was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later the unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.

New!!: Borobudur and Deutsche Mark · See more »

Dharmachakra

The dharmachakra (which is also known as the wheel of dharma), is one of the Ashtamangala of Indian religions such as Jainism, Buddhism, and Hinduism.

New!!: Borobudur and Dharmachakra · See more »

Dovetail joint

A dovetail joint or simply dovetail is a joinery technique most commonly used in woodworking joinery (carpentry) including furniture, cabinets.

New!!: Borobudur and Dovetail joint · See more »

Drainage

Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of a surface's water and sub-surface water from an area.

New!!: Borobudur and Drainage · See more »

Dutch East Indies

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Dutch East Indies · See more »

Dutch guilder

The Dutch guilder (gulden) or fl. was the currency of the Netherlands from the 17th century until 2002, when it was replaced by the euro.

New!!: Borobudur and Dutch guilder · See more »

Dvarapala

A Dvarapala (Sanskrit, "door guard"; IAST) is a door or gate guardian often portrayed as a warrior or fearsome giant, usually armed with a weapon - the most common being the ''gada'' (mace).

New!!: Borobudur and Dvarapala · See more »

East Java

East Java (Jawa Timur, abbreviated as Jatim, Jåwå Wétan) is a province of Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and East Java · See more »

Epigraphy

Epigraphy (ἐπιγραφή, "inscription") is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.

New!!: Borobudur and Epigraphy · See more »

Extremism

Extremism means, literally, "the quality or state of being extreme" or the "advocacy of extreme measures or views".

New!!: Borobudur and Extremism · See more »

Facade

A facade (also façade) is generally one exterior side of a building, usually, but not always, the front.

New!!: Borobudur and Facade · See more »

Ficus religiosa

Ficus religiosa or sacred fig is a species of fig native to the Indian subcontinent, and Indochina.

New!!: Borobudur and Ficus religiosa · See more »

Five Tathagatas

In Vajrayana Buddhism, the Five Tathāgatas (pañcatathāgata) or Five Wisdom Tathāgatas, the Five Great Buddhas and the Five Jinas (Sanskrit for "conqueror" or "victor"), are emanations and representations of the five qualities of the Adi-Buddha or "first Buddha" Vairocana or Vajradhara, which is associated with Dharmakaya.

New!!: Borobudur and Five Tathagatas · See more »

Flemish people

The Flemish or Flemings are a Germanic ethnic group native to Flanders, in modern Belgium, who speak Dutch, especially any of its dialects spoken in historical Flanders, known collectively as Flemish Dutch.

New!!: Borobudur and Flemish people · See more »

Fly-whisk

A fly-whisk is a tool to swat or disturb flies.

New!!: Borobudur and Fly-whisk · See more »

Four stages of enlightenment

The four stages of enlightenment in Theravada Buddhism are the four progressive stages culminating in full enlightenment as an Arahant.

New!!: Borobudur and Four stages of enlightenment · See more »

Fractal

In mathematics, a fractal is an abstract object used to describe and simulate naturally occurring objects.

New!!: Borobudur and Fractal · See more »

France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Borobudur and France · See more »

Frank G. Carpenter

Frank George Carpenter (Mansfield, Ohio, May 8, 1855, – Nanking, June 18, 1924) was a journalist, traveler, travel writer, photographer, lecturer.

New!!: Borobudur and Frank G. Carpenter · See more »

French and British interregnum in the Dutch East Indies

French and British interregnum in the Dutch East Indies were a relatively short period of French and followed by British interregnum on the Dutch East Indies that took place between 1806 and 1815.

New!!: Borobudur and French and British interregnum in the Dutch East Indies · See more »

Full moon

The full moon is the lunar phase when the Moon appears fully illuminated from Earth's perspective.

New!!: Borobudur and Full moon · See more »

Gamelan

Gamelan is the traditional ensemble music of Java and Bali in Indonesia, made up predominantly of percussive instruments.

New!!: Borobudur and Gamelan · See more »

Ganapathi Thanikaimoni

Ganapathi Thanikaimoni (1 January 1938 – 5 September 1986), often referred to as Thani was an Indian palynologist.

New!!: Borobudur and Ganapathi Thanikaimoni · See more »

Gandavyuha

The Gaṇḍavyūha Sutra or The Flower Ornament Scripture is a Buddhist Mahayana Sutra of Indian origin dating roughly c. 200 to 300 CE.

New!!: Borobudur and Gandavyuha · See more »

Gandharva

Gandharva is a name used for distinct heavenly beings in Hinduism and Buddhism; it is also a term for skilled singers in Indian classical music.

New!!: Borobudur and Gandharva · See more »

Gargoyle

In architecture, a gargoyle is a carved or formed grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building, thereby preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls and eroding the mortar between.

New!!: Borobudur and Gargoyle · See more »

Gautama Buddha

Gautama Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

New!!: Borobudur and Gautama Buddha · See more »

Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

New!!: Borobudur and Germany · See more »

Giant

Giants (from Latin and Ancient Greek: "gigas", cognate giga-) are beings of human appearance, but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures.

New!!: Borobudur and Giant · See more »

Gold leaf

Gold leaf is gold that has been hammered into thin sheets by goldbeating and is often used for gilding.

New!!: Borobudur and Gold leaf · See more »

Government of Indonesia

The term Government of Indonesia (Indonesian: Pemerintah Indonesia) can have a number of different meanings.

New!!: Borobudur and Government of Indonesia · See more »

Governor-general

Governor-general (plural governors-general) or governor general (plural governors general), in modern usage, is the title of an office-holder appointed to represent the monarch of a sovereign state in the governing of an independent realm.

New!!: Borobudur and Governor-general · See more »

Guimet Museum

The Guimet Museum (Musée national des arts asiatiques or Musée Guimet) is an art museum located at 6, place d'Iéna in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, France.

New!!: Borobudur and Guimet Museum · See more »

Guinness World Records

Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.

New!!: Borobudur and Guinness World Records · See more »

Gunadharma

Gunadharma or Gunadarma is claimed as the name of the architect of Borobudur, the ninth-century Buddhist monument in Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Gunadharma · See more »

Gupta Empire

The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire, existing from approximately 240 to 590 CE.

New!!: Borobudur and Gupta Empire · See more »

Hinduism in Indonesia

Hinduism in Indonesia is practised by 1.7% of the total population, and by 83.5% of the population in Bali as of the 2010 census.

New!!: Borobudur and Hinduism in Indonesia · See more »

Hotel Borobudur

Hotel Borobudur is a five star hotel and serviced apartment located in Central Jakarta, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Hotel Borobudur · See more »

Hyang

A hyang (Kawi, Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese) is an unseen spiritual entity that has supernatural power in ancient Indonesian mythology.

New!!: Borobudur and Hyang · See more »

Hypothesis

A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.

New!!: Borobudur and Hypothesis · See more »

Idolatry

Idolatry literally means the worship of an "idol", also known as a cult image, in the form of a physical image, such as a statue or icon.

New!!: Borobudur and Idolatry · See more »

In situ

In situ (often not italicized in English) is a Latin phrase that translates literally to "on site" or "in position".

New!!: Borobudur and In situ · See more »

India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Borobudur and India · See more »

Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

New!!: Borobudur and Indonesia · See more »

Indonesian language

Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Indonesian language · See more »

Indonesian National Revolution

The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence (Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia; Indonesische Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog), was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Indonesian National Revolution · See more »

Indonesian rupiah

The rupiah (Rp) is the official currency of Indonesia. Issued and controlled by the Bank of Indonesia, the ISO 4217 currency code for the Indonesian rupiah is IDR. The name "Rupiah" is derived from the Indian word rupiya (रुपीया), ultimately from Sanskrit rupyakam (रूप्यकम्; silver). Informally, Indonesians also use the word "perak" ("silver" in Indonesian) in referring to rupiah. The rupiah is subdivided into 100 sen, although inflation has rendered all coins and banknotes denominated in sen obsolete. The Riau islands and the Indonesian half of New Guinea (Irian Barat) had their own variants of the rupiah in the past, but these were subsumed into the national rupiah in 1964 and 1971 respectively (see Riau rupiah and West Irian rupiah).

New!!: Borobudur and Indonesian rupiah · See more »

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.

New!!: Borobudur and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers · See more »

Invasion of Java (1811)

The invasion of Java in 1811 was a successful British amphibious operation against the Dutch East Indian island of Java that took place between August and September 1811 during the Napoleonic Wars.

New!!: Borobudur and Invasion of Java (1811) · See more »

Isidore van Kinsbergen

Isodorus "Isidore" van Kinsbergen (3 September 1821 – 10 September 1905) was a Dutch-Flemish engraver who took the first archaeological and cultural photographs of Java during the Dutch East Indies period in the nineteenth century.

New!!: Borobudur and Isidore van Kinsbergen · See more »

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish), is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organisation and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.

New!!: Borobudur and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant · See more »

Jakarta Globe

The Jakarta Globe is a daily online English language newspaper in Indonesia, launched on November 12, 2008.

New!!: Borobudur and Jakarta Globe · See more »

Jataka tales

The Jātaka tales are a voluminous body of literature native to India concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha in both human and animal form.

New!!: Borobudur and Jataka tales · See more »

Java

Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Java · See more »

Javanese historical texts

Javanese literature has a very large historical component.

New!!: Borobudur and Javanese historical texts · See more »

Javanese language

Javanese (colloquially known as) is the language of the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Javanese language · See more »

Javanese people

The Javanese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:,See: Javanese language: Politeness Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Jåwå, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Jawi, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Jawi, Indonesian: suku Jawa) are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Javanese people · See more »

Jetavana

Jetavana was one of the most famous of the Buddhist monasteries or viharas in India.

New!!: Borobudur and Jetavana · See more »

Jihadism

The term "Jihadism" (also "jihadist movement", "jihadi movement" and variants) is a 21st-century neologism found in Western languages to describe Islamist militant movements perceived as military movements "rooted in Islam" and "existentially threatening" to the West.

New!!: Borobudur and Jihadism · See more »

Kaal

Kaal or (काल; காலம் kaalam or kaala) is a word used in Sanskrit to mean "time".

New!!: Borobudur and Kaal · See more »

Kalasan

Kalasan (Candi Kalasan), also known as Candi Kalibening, is an 8th-century Buddhist temple in Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Kalasan · See more »

Kapilavastu (ancient city)

Kapilavastu was an ancient city on the Indian subcontinent which was the capital of Shakya.

New!!: Borobudur and Kapilavastu (ancient city) · See more »

Karangtengah inscription

Karangtengah inscription (also known as Kayumwungan inscription) is the inscriptions written on five pieces of stones dated 746 Saka or 824 CE, discovered in Karangtengah hamlet, Temanggung Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Karangtengah inscription · See more »

Karma in Buddhism

Karma (Sanskrit, also karman, Pāli: kamma) is a Sanskrit term that literally means "action" or "doing".

New!!: Borobudur and Karma in Buddhism · See more »

Karmawibhangga Museum

Karmawibhangga Museum also known as Borobudur Museum, is an archaeology museum located just several hundred meters north of 8th century Borobudur Buddhist monument, within Borobudur Archaeological Park, Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Karmawibhangga Museum · See more »

Kedu Plain

Kedu Plain, also known as Progo River valley, is the fertile volcanic plain that lies between the volcanoes, Mount Sumbing and Mount Sundoro to the west, and Mount Merbabu and Mount Merapi to the east, roughly corresponds to present-day Magelang and Temanggung Regency of Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Kedu Plain · See more »

Kedu Residency

Kedu Residency (also known as Kedoe and Kedoo) was a colonial administrative unit in Central Java in Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Kedu Residency · See more »

Kelud

Kelud (Klut, Cloot, Kloet, Kloete, Keloed or Kelut) is an active stratovolcano located in East Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Kelud · See more »

Khmer Empire

The Khmer Empire (Khmer: ចក្រភពខ្មែរ: Chakrphup Khmer or អាណាចក្រខ្មែរ: Anachak Khmer), officially the Angkor Empire (Khmer: អាណាចក្រអង្គរ: Anachak Angkor), the predecessor state to modern Cambodia ("Kampuchea" or "Srok Khmer" to the Khmer people), was a powerful Hindu-Buddhist empire in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Borobudur and Khmer Empire · See more »

Kinnara

In Hindu mythology, a kinnara is a paradigmatic lover, a celestial musician, half-human and half-horse (India).

New!!: Borobudur and Kinnara · See more »

Kompas

Kompas is an Indonesian national newspaper.

New!!: Borobudur and Kompas · See more »

Kris

The kris (ngoko Javanese:; krama inggil Javanese:; ngoko: keris; krama; dhuwung; krama inggil: wangkingan, lit. "to slice"; Jawi: کريس, Thai: กริช krit, Minangkabau: karih, Tagalog: kalis; Bugis and Makassarese: sele) is an asymmetrical dagger with distinctive blade-patterning achieved through alternating laminations of iron and nickelous iron (pamor).

New!!: Borobudur and Kris · See more »

Laguna Copperplate Inscription

The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (Filipino: Inskripsyon sa Binatbat na Tanso ng Laguna, Malay: Prasasti keping tembaga Laguna; often shortened into the acronym LCI), a legal document inscribed on a copper plate in 900 AD, is the earliest known written document found in the Philippines.

New!!: Borobudur and Laguna Copperplate Inscription · See more »

Lake Borobudur

Lake Borobudur is an ancient lake that has been suggested once existed surrounding Borobudur Buddhist monument in Kedu Plain, Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Lake Borobudur · See more »

Lalitavistara Sūtra

The Lalitavistara Sūtra is a Mahayana Buddhist sutra that tells the story of Gautama Buddha from the time of his descent from Tushita until his first sermon in the Deer Park near Varanasi.

New!!: Borobudur and Lalitavistara Sūtra · See more »

Life imprisonment

Life imprisonment (also known as imprisonment for life, life in prison, a life sentence, a life term, lifelong incarceration, life incarceration or simply life) is any sentence of imprisonment for a crime under which convicted persons are to remain in prison either for the rest of their natural life or until paroled.

New!!: Borobudur and Life imprisonment · See more »

Ligor inscription

Ligor inscription is an 8th-century stone stele or inscription discovered in Ligor, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Southern Thailand Malay Peninsula.

New!!: Borobudur and Ligor inscription · See more »

Lingam

Lingam (Sanskrit: लिंगम्,, lit. "sign, symbol or mark"; also linga, Shiva linga), is an abstract or aniconic representation of the Hindu deity Shiva, used for worship in temples, smaller shrines, or as self-manifested natural objects.

New!!: Borobudur and Lingam · See more »

List of Buddhist temples

This is a list of Buddhist temples, monasteries, stupas, and pagodas for which there are Wikipedia articles, sorted by location.

New!!: Borobudur and List of Buddhist temples · See more »

List of sacred places in Java

No description.

New!!: Borobudur and List of sacred places in Java · See more »

List of World Heritage Sites in Southeast Asia

The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated 38 World Heritage Sites in eleven countries (also called "State parties") of Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Myanmar, Cambodia, Singapore, and Laos.

New!!: Borobudur and List of World Heritage Sites in Southeast Asia · See more »

London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

New!!: Borobudur and London · See more »

Lotus position

Padmasana or Lotus Position (पद्मासन) is a cross-legged sitting asana originating in meditative practices of ancient India, in which the feet are placed on the opposing thighs.

New!!: Borobudur and Lotus position · See more »

Louvre

The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.

New!!: Borobudur and Louvre · See more »

Lumbini

Lumbinī (Nepali and Sanskrit: लुम्बिनी, "the lovely") is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi District of Province No. 5 in Nepal.

New!!: Borobudur and Lumbini · See more »

Magelang

Magelang is one of six cities in Central Java, each of which is governed by a mayor rather than a bupati.

New!!: Borobudur and Magelang · See more »

Magelang Regency

Magelang (ꦩꦒꦼꦭꦁ) is a regency in Central Java province in Indonesia famous for its 9th century Buddhist temple of Borobudur.

New!!: Borobudur and Magelang Regency · See more »

Mahayana

Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, if Vajrayana is counted separately) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.

New!!: Borobudur and Mahayana · See more »

Maitreya

Maitreya (Sanskrit), Metteyya (Pali), is regarded as a future Buddha of this world in Buddhist eschatology.

New!!: Borobudur and Maitreya · See more »

Majapahit

The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.

New!!: Borobudur and Majapahit · See more »

Makara (Hindu mythology)

Makara (मकर) is a sea-creature in Hindu culture.

New!!: Borobudur and Makara (Hindu mythology) · See more »

Mandala

A mandala (Sanskrit: मण्डल, maṇḍala; literally "circle") is a spiritual and ritual symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism, representing the universe.

New!!: Borobudur and Mandala · See more »

Manjushri

Mañjuśrī is a bodhisattva associated with prajñā (insight) in Mahayana Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Manjushri · See more »

Maritime Southeast Asia

Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises what is now Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, and Timor Leste.

New!!: Borobudur and Maritime Southeast Asia · See more »

Mataram Sultanate

The Sultanate of Mataram was the last major independent Javanese kingdom on Java before the island was colonised by the Dutch.

New!!: Borobudur and Mataram Sultanate · See more »

Maya (mother of the Buddha)

Queen Māyā of Sakya (Māyādevī) was the birth mother of Gautama Buddha, the sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

New!!: Borobudur and Maya (mother of the Buddha) · See more »

Medang Kingdom

The Medang Empire or Mataram Kingdom was a Javanese Hindu–Buddhist kingdom that flourished between the 8th and 11th centuries.

New!!: Borobudur and Medang Kingdom · See more »

Megalith

A megalith is a large stone that has been used to construct a structure or monument, either alone or together with other stones.

New!!: Borobudur and Megalith · See more »

Mendut

Mendut is a ninth-century Buddhist temple, located in Mendut village, Mungkid sub-district, Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Mendut · See more »

Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.

New!!: Borobudur and Metres above sea level · See more »

Microbiology

Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).

New!!: Borobudur and Microbiology · See more »

Monograph

A monograph is a specialist work of writing (in contrast to reference works) on a single subject or an aspect of a subject, often by a single author, and usually on a scholarly subject.

New!!: Borobudur and Monograph · See more »

Mortar (masonry)

Mortar is a workable paste used to bind building blocks such as stones, bricks, and concrete masonry units together, fill and seal the irregular gaps between them, and sometimes add decorative colors or patterns in masonry walls.

New!!: Borobudur and Mortar (masonry) · See more »

Mount Merapi

Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi (literally Fire Mountain in Indonesian and Javanese), is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Mount Merapi · See more »

Mount Merbabu

Mount Merbabu (Gunung Merbabu) is a dormant stratovolcano in Central Java province on the Indonesian island of Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Mount Merbabu · See more »

Mount Sumbing

Mount Sumbing or Gunung Sumbing is an active stratovolcano in Central Java, Indonesia, symmetrical with Sundoro.

New!!: Borobudur and Mount Sumbing · See more »

Mount Sundoro

Mount Sindara, Mount Sindoro or Mount Sundoro is an active stratovolcano in Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Mount Sundoro · See more »

Mpu Prapanca

Mpu Prapanca was the author of the epic poem Nagarakretagama, written in Old Javanese.

New!!: Borobudur and Mpu Prapanca · See more »

Mpu Sindok

Mpu Sindok, throne name: Sri Isyana Vikramadhammatunggadeva, was the last king of the Sanjaya Dynasty who ruled the Kingdom of Mataram from Central Java, reigned from around 928 or 929 AD.

New!!: Borobudur and Mpu Sindok · See more »

Mudra

A mudra (Sanskrit "seal", "mark", or "gesture") is a symbolic or ritual gesture in Hinduism and Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Mudra · See more »

Muntilan

The Muntilan area is a sub-district (''kecamatan'') in the Magelang Regency, Central Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Muntilan · See more »

Museum of World Religions

The Museum of World Religions (MWR) is a museum in Yonghe District, New Taipei, Taiwan.

New!!: Borobudur and Museum of World Religions · See more »

Myanmar

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Borobudur and Myanmar · See more »

Nagarakretagama

The Nagarakretagama or Nagarakrtagama, also known as Desawarnana, is an Old Javanese eulogy to Hayam Wuruk, a Javanese king of the Majapahit Empire.

New!!: Borobudur and Nagarakretagama · See more »

Nakhon Si Thammarat

Nakhon Si Thammarat (นครศรีธรรมราช,; from Pali Nagara Sri Dhammaraja) is a city (thesaban nakhon) in southern Thailand, capital of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Province and the Nakhon Si Thammarat District.

New!!: Borobudur and Nakhon Si Thammarat · See more »

Narada Maha Thera

Narada Mahathera (නාරද මහා ස්ථවිරයන් වහන්සේ), born Sumanapala Perera (14 July 1898 – 2 October 1983) was a Theravadan Buddhist monk and translator, the Superior of Vajiraramaya in Colombo.

New!!: Borobudur and Narada Maha Thera · See more »

National Geographic

National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.

New!!: Borobudur and National Geographic · See more »

National Museum (Malaysia)

The National Museum (Muzium Negara) is a museum located on Jalan Damansara in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

New!!: Borobudur and National Museum (Malaysia) · See more »

National Museum of Indonesia

The National Museum of Indonesia (Museum Nasional), is an archeological, historical, ethnological, and geographical museum located in Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat, Central Jakarta, right on the west side of Merdeka Square.

New!!: Borobudur and National Museum of Indonesia · See more »

Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.

New!!: Borobudur and Natural rubber · See more »

Nelumbo nucifera

Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae.

New!!: Borobudur and Nelumbo nucifera · See more »

Nirvana

(निर्वाण nirvāṇa; निब्बान nibbāna; णिव्वाण ṇivvāṇa) literally means "blown out", as in an oil lamp.

New!!: Borobudur and Nirvana · See more »

Old Javanese

Old Javanese is the oldest phase of the Javanese language that was spoken in areas in what is now the eastern part of Central Java and the whole of East Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Old Javanese · See more »

Pacific Asia Travel Association

The Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) is a membership association working to promote the responsible development of travel and tourism in the Asia Pacific region.

New!!: Borobudur and Pacific Asia Travel Association · See more »

Palm-leaf manuscript

Palm-leaf manuscripts are manuscripts made out of dried palm leaves.

New!!: Borobudur and Palm-leaf manuscript · See more »

Panangkaran

Panangkaran or formal regnal name Mahārāja dyāḥ Pañcapaṇa kariyāna Paṇaṃkaraṇa was the king of Shailendra dynasty and also the ruler of Mataram Kingdom between AD 760—775, the kingdom of which its power centralized on Java island of Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Panangkaran · See more »

Parikrama

Parikrama or Pradakshina refers to circumambulation of sacred places in Hindu, Jain or Buddhist context, and the path along which this is performed.

New!!: Borobudur and Parikrama · See more »

Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

New!!: Borobudur and Paris · See more »

Pawon

Pawon (known locally as Candi Pawon) is a Buddhist temple in Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Pawon · See more »

Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Borobudur and Philippines · See more »

Pilgrim

A pilgrim (from the Latin peregrinus) is a traveler (literally one who has come from afar) who is on a journey to a holy place.

New!!: Borobudur and Pilgrim · See more »

Place of worship

A place of worship is a specially designed structure or consecrated space where individuals or a group of people such as a congregation come to perform acts of devotion, veneration, or religious study.

New!!: Borobudur and Place of worship · See more »

Prajnaparamita

Prajñāpāramitā means "the Perfection of (Transcendent) Wisdom" in Mahāyāna Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Prajnaparamita · See more »

Prambanan

Prambanan or Rara Jonggrang (Rara Jonggrang) is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Transformer (Shiva).

New!!: Borobudur and Prambanan · See more »

Pramodhawardhani

Pramodhawardhani (also known as Çrī Kahulunnan or Çrī Sanjiwana) was the queen consort of king Rakai Pikatan (r. 838-850) of Medang Kingdom in 9th century Central Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Pramodhawardhani · See more »

Pratītyasamutpāda

Pratītyasamutpāda (प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद pratītyasamutpāda; पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda), commonly translated as dependent origination, or dependent arising, is the principle that all dharmas ("phenomena") arise in dependence upon other dharmas: "if this exists, that exists; if this ceases to exist, that also ceases to exist".

New!!: Borobudur and Pratītyasamutpāda · See more »

Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

New!!: Borobudur and Precipitation · See more »

Prehistoric Indonesia

Prehistoric Indonesia is a prehistoric period in the Indonesian archipelago that spanned from the Pleistocene period to about the 4th century CE when the Kutai people produced the earliest known stone inscriptions in Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Prehistoric Indonesia · See more »

Progo River

The Progo River (Kali Praga) is a river in southern central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Progo River · See more »

Prologue

A prologue or prolog (from Greek πρόλογος prologos, from πρό pro, "before" and λόγος logos, "word") is an opening to a story that establishes the context and gives background details, often some earlier story that ties into the main one, and other miscellaneous information.

New!!: Borobudur and Prologue · See more »

Public holidays in Indonesia

The following table indicates declared Indonesian government national holidays for the year 2018 only—cultural variants also provide opportunity for holidays tied to local events.

New!!: Borobudur and Public holidays in Indonesia · See more »

Pyramid

A pyramid (from πυραμίς) is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top, making the shape roughly a pyramid in the geometric sense.

New!!: Borobudur and Pyramid · See more »

Rakai Pikatan

Rakai Pikatan was a king of the Sanjaya dynasty Medang Kingdom in Central Java who built the Prambanan temple, dedicated to Shiva, which was completed in 856 AD.

New!!: Borobudur and Rakai Pikatan · See more »

Rama

Rama or Ram (Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma), also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity of Hinduism.

New!!: Borobudur and Rama · See more »

Ratnasambhava

Ratnasambhava (Lit. "Jewel-Born") is one of the Five Dhyani Buddhas (or "Five Meditation Buddhas") of Vajrayana or Tantric Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Ratnasambhava · See more »

Ratu Boko

Ratu Boko (Ratu Baka) or Ratu Boko Palace is an archaeological site in Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Ratu Boko · See more »

Relief

Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material.

New!!: Borobudur and Relief · See more »

Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences

The Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijk Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 1778-1962) was a Dutch learned society in Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia).

New!!: Borobudur and Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences · See more »

Royal Netherlands Army

The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht (KL), "Royal Army") is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands.

New!!: Borobudur and Royal Netherlands Army · See more »

Rupajhana

In Buddhism, rūpajhānas (Sanskrit: rūpadhyāna "meditations of form", literally "form meditations") are successive levels of meditation in which the mind is focused on a material or mental object: it is a word frequently used in Pāli scriptures and to a lesser extent in the Mahayana scriptures.

New!!: Borobudur and Rupajhana · See more »

Saṃsāra

Saṃsāra is a Sanskrit word that means "wandering" or "world", with the connotation of cyclic, circuitous change.

New!!: Borobudur and Saṃsāra · See more »

Saṃsāra (Buddhism)

Saṃsāra (Sanskrit, Pali; also samsara) in Buddhism is the beginning-less cycle of repeated birth, mundane existence and dying again.

New!!: Borobudur and Saṃsāra (Buddhism) · See more »

Samadhi

Samadhi (Sanskrit: समाधि), also called samāpatti, in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and yogic schools refers to a state of meditative consciousness.

New!!: Borobudur and Samadhi · See more »

Samantabhadra

Samantabhadra (Sanskrit, "Universal Worthy") is a bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism associated with practice and meditation.

New!!: Borobudur and Samantabhadra · See more »

Samaratungga

Samaratungga was the head of the Sailendra dynasty who ruled Central Java and Srivijaya in the 8th and the 9th century.

New!!: Borobudur and Samaratungga · See more »

Samudra Raksa Museum

Samudra Raksa Museum is a maritime museum that was built several hundred meters north of the 8th-century Borobudur Buddhist monument, within the Borobudur archaeological complex, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Samudra Raksa Museum · See more »

Sanctuary

A sanctuary, in its original meaning, is a sacred place, such as a shrine.

New!!: Borobudur and Sanctuary · See more »

Sanjaya of Mataram

King Sanjaya of Mataram (AD 716 – 746) or in complete stylized name known as Rakai Mataram Sang Ratu Sanjaya (King Sanjaya Rakai (lord) of Mataram) was the founder of Mataram Kingdom during the eighth century.

New!!: Borobudur and Sanjaya of Mataram · See more »

Sanskrit

Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.

New!!: Borobudur and Sanskrit · See more »

Sari temple

Candi Sari (Candi Sari also known as Candi Bendah) is an 8th-century Buddhist temple located at Dusun Bendan, Tirtomartani village, Kalasan, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Sari temple · See more »

Self-similarity

In mathematics, a self-similar object is exactly or approximately similar to a part of itself (i.e. the whole has the same shape as one or more of the parts).

New!!: Borobudur and Self-similarity · See more »

Semarang

Semarang (formerly Dutch: Samarang), is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Semarang · See more »

Sewu

Sewu (Sèwu) is an eighth century Mahayana Buddhist temple located 800 meters north of Prambanan in Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Sewu · See more »

Shailendra dynasty

The Shailendra dynasty (derived from Sanskrit combined words Śaila and Indra, meaning "King of the Mountain", also spelled Sailendra, Syailendra or Selendra) was the name of a notable Indianised Indonesian dynasty that emerged in 8th century Java, whose reign signified a cultural renaissance in the region.

New!!: Borobudur and Shailendra dynasty · See more »

Shaivism

Shaivism (Śaivam) (Devanagari: शैव संप्रदाय) (Bengali: শৈব) (Tamil: சைவம்) (Telugu: శైవ సాంప్రదాయం) (Kannada:ಶೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯ) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being.

New!!: Borobudur and Shaivism · See more »

Shambhala Publications

Shambhala Publications is an independent publishing company based in Boulder, Colorado.

New!!: Borobudur and Shambhala Publications · See more »

Shiva

Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism.

New!!: Borobudur and Shiva · See more »

Shravasti

Shravasti (Pali) was a city of ancient India and one of the six largest cities in India during Gautama Buddha's lifetime.

New!!: Borobudur and Shravasti · See more »

Shrine

A shrine (scrinium "case or chest for books or papers"; Old French: escrin "box or case") is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon, or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.

New!!: Borobudur and Shrine · See more »

Soil fertility

Soil fertility refers to the ability of a soil to sustain agricultural plant growth, i.e. to provide plant habitat and result in sustained and consistent yields of high quality.

New!!: Borobudur and Soil fertility · See more »

Square

In geometry, a square is a regular quadrilateral, which means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles (90-degree angles, or (100-gradian angles or right angles). It can also be defined as a rectangle in which two adjacent sides have equal length. A square with vertices ABCD would be denoted.

New!!: Borobudur and Square · See more »

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

New!!: Borobudur and Sri Lanka · See more »

Srivijaya

Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya, Indonesian/Malay: Sriwijaya, Javanese: ꦯꦿꦶꦮꦶꦗꦪ, Sundanese:, ศรีวิชัย, Sanskrit: श्रीविजय, Śrīvijaya, Khmer: ស្រីវិជ័យ "Srey Vichey", known by the Chinese as Shih-li-fo-shih and San-fo-ch'i t) was a dominant thalassocratic Malay city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

New!!: Borobudur and Srivijaya · See more »

Stamford Raffles

Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811–1815) and Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817–1822), best known for his founding of Modern Singapore.

New!!: Borobudur and Stamford Raffles · See more »

Step pyramid

A step pyramid or stepped pyramid is an architectural structure that uses flat platforms, or steps, receding from the ground up, to achieve a completed shape similar to a geometric pyramid.

New!!: Borobudur and Step pyramid · See more »

Stone carving

Stone carving is an activity where pieces of rough natural stone are shaped by the controlled removal of stone.

New!!: Borobudur and Stone carving · See more »

Structural engineering

Structural engineering is that part of civil engineering in which structural engineers are educated to create the 'bones and muscles' that create the form and shape of man made structures.

New!!: Borobudur and Structural engineering · See more »

Stupa

A stupa (Sanskrit: "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns) that is used as a place of meditation.

New!!: Borobudur and Stupa · See more »

Sudhana

Sudhanakumâra, mainly known as Sudhana and Shancai or Shancai Tongzi in Chinese, and translated as Child of Wealth, is the protagonist in the next-to-last and longest chapter of the Avatamsaka Sutra.

New!!: Borobudur and Sudhana · See more »

Suharto

Muhammad Suharto (also written Soeharto;, or Muhammad Soeharto; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.

New!!: Borobudur and Suharto · See more »

Sukarno

Sukarno (born Kusno Sosrodihardjo; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was the first President of Indonesia, serving in office from 1945 to 1967.

New!!: Borobudur and Sukarno · See more »

Superstition

Superstition is a pejorative term for any belief or practice that is considered irrational: for example, if it arises from ignorance, a misunderstanding of science or causality, a positive belief in fate or magic, or fear of that which is unknown.

New!!: Borobudur and Superstition · See more »

Surakarta

Surakarta (ꦯꦸꦫꦏꦂꦠ, often called Solo or less common spelling Sala) is a city in Central Java.

New!!: Borobudur and Surakarta · See more »

Surasundari

In Indian art, a surasundari (literally "celestial beauty") is a young maiden characterizing feminine beauty and graceful sensuality.

New!!: Borobudur and Surasundari · See more »

Tara (Buddhism)

Tara (तारा,; Tib. སྒྲོལ་མ, Dölma) or Ārya Tārā, also known as Jetsun Dölma (Tibetan language: rje btsun sgrol ma) in Tibetan Buddhism, is an important figure in Buddhism.

New!!: Borobudur and Tara (Buddhism) · See more »

Temanggung Regency

Temanggung Regency (Kabupaten Temanggung) is a regency in the Central Java Province of Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Temanggung Regency · See more »

Temple

A temple (from the Latin word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice.

New!!: Borobudur and Temple · See more »

Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

New!!: Borobudur and Thailand · See more »

The History of Java

History of Java is a book written by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, and published in 1817.

New!!: Borobudur and The History of Java · See more »

Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

New!!: Borobudur and Time (magazine) · See more »

Tourism in Indonesia

Tourism in Indonesia is an important component of the Indonesian economy as well as a significant source of its foreign exchange revenues.

New!!: Borobudur and Tourism in Indonesia · See more »

Trail of Civilizations

Trail of Civilizations was the motto of a symposium, initially held in August 2006 in Indonesia under the auspices of the governor of Central Java and the Indonesian Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

New!!: Borobudur and Trail of Civilizations · See more »

Tri Tepusan inscription

The Tri Tepusan inscription is an inscription discovered in Kedu Plain, Temanggung Regency, Central Java, Indonesia, dated from 842 CE.

New!!: Borobudur and Tri Tepusan inscription · See more »

Tribhanga

Tribhaṅga or Tribunga is a (tri-bent pose) standing body position or stance used in the traditional Indian sculpture, art and Indian classical dance forms like the Odissi.

New!!: Borobudur and Tribhanga · See more »

Tropenmuseum

The Tropenmuseum (Museum of the Tropics) is an ethnographic museum located in Amsterdam, Netherlands, founded in 1864.

New!!: Borobudur and Tropenmuseum · See more »

Tushita

Tushita or Tusita (meaning "realm, contentment") is the fourth of the six deva or heavenly realms of Kamadhatu, located between the "Yāmā deva" realm and the "Nirmanarati deva" realm.

New!!: Borobudur and Tushita · See more »

Tusk

Tusks are elongated, continuously growing front teeth, usually but not always in pairs, that protrude well beyond the mouth of certain mammal species.

New!!: Borobudur and Tusk · See more »

UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

New!!: Borobudur and UNESCO · See more »

Unfinished Buddha

Unfinished Buddha is the name given to a statue which is believed to have originated from the largest stupa of Borobudur.

New!!: Borobudur and Unfinished Buddha · See more »

United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

New!!: Borobudur and United States dollar · See more »

Upāsaka and Upāsikā

Upāsaka (masculine) or Upāsikā (feminine) are from the Sanskrit and Pāli words for "attendant".

New!!: Borobudur and Upāsaka and Upāsikā · See more »

Urban planning

Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.

New!!: Borobudur and Urban planning · See more »

Vairocana

Vairocana (also Vairochana or Mahāvairocana, वैरोचन) is a celestial buddha who is often interpreted, in texts like the Flower Garland Sutra, as the Dharma Body of the historical Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama).

New!!: Borobudur and Vairocana · See more »

Vajrayana

Vajrayāna, Mantrayāna, Tantrayāna, Tantric Buddhism and Esoteric Buddhism are the various Buddhist traditions of Tantra and "Secret Mantra", which developed in medieval India and spread to Tibet and East Asia.

New!!: Borobudur and Vajrayana · See more »

Varanasi

Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.

New!!: Borobudur and Varanasi · See more »

Vastu shastra

Vastu shastra is a traditional Hindu system of architecture which literally translates to "science of architecture." These are texts found on the Indian subcontinent that describe principles of design, layout, measurements, ground preparation, space arrangement and spatial geometry.

New!!: Borobudur and Vastu shastra · See more »

Veneration of the dead

The veneration of the dead, including one's ancestors, is based on love and respect for the deceased.

New!!: Borobudur and Veneration of the dead · See more »

Vesak

Vesak (Pali: Vesākha, Vaiśākha), also known as Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists and some Hindus on different days in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mongolia and the Philippines and in China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam as "Buddha's Birthday" as well as in other parts of the world.

New!!: Borobudur and Vesak · See more »

Vihara

Vihara (विहार, IAST: vihāra) generally refers to a Buddhist bhikkhu monastery.

New!!: Borobudur and Vihara · See more »

Volcanic ash

Volcanic ash consists of fragments of pulverized rock, minerals and volcanic glass, created during volcanic eruptions and measuring less than 2 mm (0.079 inches) in diameter.

New!!: Borobudur and Volcanic ash · See more »

W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp

Wijnand Otto Jan Nieuwenkamp (often abbreviated as W. O. J. Nieuwenkamp) (Amsterdam, July 27, 1874 – Fiesole, April 23, 1950), was a Dutch multi-faceted autodidact.

New!!: Borobudur and W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp · See more »

Wayang

Wayang (Krama Javanese: Ringgit, "Shadow"), also known as Wajang, is a form of puppet theatre art found in Indonesia and other parts of Southeast Asia, wherein a dramatic story is told through shadows thrown by puppets and sometimes combined with human characters.

New!!: Borobudur and Wayang · See more »

White elephant

A white elephant is a possession which its owner cannot dispose of and whose cost, particularly that of maintenance, is out of proportion to its usefulness.

New!!: Borobudur and White elephant · See more »

World Heritage Committee

The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.

New!!: Borobudur and World Heritage Committee · See more »

World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

New!!: Borobudur and World Heritage site · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Borobudur and World War II · See more »

Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta (also Jogja or Jogjakarta; ꦛꦔꦪꦺꦴꦒꦾꦏꦂꦠ; formerly Dutch: Djokjakarta/Djocjakarta or Djokja) is a city on the island of Java in Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Yogyakarta · See more »

Yogyakarta Sultanate

Yogyakarta Sultanate (Kasultanan Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat; Hanacaraka) is a Javanese monarchy in Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and Yogyakarta Sultanate · See more »

Zenith

The zenith is an imaginary point directly "above" a particular location, on the imaginary celestial sphere.

New!!: Borobudur and Zenith · See more »

1985 Borobudur bombing

The 1985 Borobudur bombing occurred on 21 January 1985 when nine bombs detonated at the Borobudur Buddhist temple located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

New!!: Borobudur and 1985 Borobudur bombing · See more »

1997 Asian financial crisis

The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion.

New!!: Borobudur and 1997 Asian financial crisis · See more »

2006 Yogyakarta earthquake

The 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake (also known as the Bantul earthquake) occurred at with a moment magnitude of 6.4 and a maximum MSK intensity of VIII (Damaging).

New!!: Borobudur and 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake · See more »

2010 eruptions of Mount Merapi

In late October 2010, Mount Merapi in Central Java, Indonesia began an increasingly violent series of eruptions that continued into November.

New!!: Borobudur and 2010 eruptions of Mount Merapi · See more »

Redirects here:

Barabudur, Borabadur, Boro Budor, Boro Budur, Borobodur, Borobudor, Borobudur Stupa, Borobudur Temple, Borobudur temple, Borombudur, Borubodur, Borubudur, Buddhas of Borobudur, Stupa of Borobudur.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borobudur

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »