460 relations: Ad hoc, Ademir Kenović, Adil Zulfikarpašić, Adriatic Sea, Agreement on Friendship and Cooperation between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia, Ahmići massacre, Airstrike, Alija Izetbegović, Allan Little, Allied Joint Force Command Naples, Alpha Bravo Charlie, Amnesty International, Angelina Jolie, Ante Gotovina, Ante Marković, Arbitration Commission of the Peace Conference on Yugoslavia, Armoured personnel carrier, Army of Republika Srpska, Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Austria, Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia, Čapljina, Čelebići camp, Šekovići, Šipovo, Žepa, Baščaršija, Backchannel, Balkan Insight, Banja Luka, Banja Luka incident, Battle of Žepče, Battle of Kupres (1992), Battle of Kupres (1994), Battle of Vukovar, BBC News, BBC One, Beautiful People (film), Behind Enemy Lines (2001 film), Berlin International Film Festival, Bernard-Henri Lévy, Bihać, Bijeljina massacre, Biljana Plavšić, Bill Carter, Bill Clinton, Blaž Kraljević, Black operation, Bob Dole, ..., Bono, Boris Tadić, Borisav Jović, Bosanska Krajina, Bosansko Grahovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia Diaries, Bosniaks, Bosnian general election, 1990, Bosnian genocide, Bosnian genocide case, Bosnian independence referendum, 1992, Bosnian mujahideen, Bottled oxygen (climbing), Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Bratunac, Brčko, Breakup of Yugoslavia, British Aerospace Sea Harrier, Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bruno Stojić, Bugojno, Cambridge University Press, Catholic Church, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Serbia, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Christmas, Christmas Eve/Sarajevo 12/24, Cold War, Colonel, Comanche Territory (1997 film), Comic book, Command responsibility, Communist party, Crimes against humanity, Croat–Bosniak War, Croatia, Croatian Army, Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Defence Forces, Croatian Democratic Union, Croatian National Guard, Croatian nationalism, Croatian Party of Rights, Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, Croatian War of Independence, Croats, Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyrus Vance, Danis Tanović, Dario Kordić, David Campbell (political scientist), David Owen, Dayton Agreement, Dayton, Ohio, Death, Demons of War, Denmark, Derventa, Doboj, Dretelj camp, Drina, Drvar, Duško Tadić, Dutchbat, Ejup Ganić, Emir Kusturica, Enver Hadžihasanović, Ethnic cleansing, European Economic Community, Eve Ensler, Federal Ministry of Interior (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina), Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Fikret Abdić, Flag of Greece, Foča, Foča ethnic cleansing, Foreign fighters in the Bosnian War, François Chalais Prize, François Mitterrand, Franjo Tuđman, Frederick Forsyth, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, Geneva Conventions, Genocide, George Clooney, German Institute for Economic Research, Gojko Šušak, Goražde, Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje, Grabovica massacre, Gradačac, Graz, Graz agreement, Grbavica (film), Greater Serbia, Greece, Greece–Bosnia and Herzegovina Friendship Building, Greek Volunteer Guard, Green Berets (Bosnian paramilitary), Hakija Turajlić, Haris Silajdžić, Hazim Delić, Heliodrom camp, Herzegovina, Hezbollah, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Human Rights Watch, Human trafficking, Implementation Force, In the Land of Blood and Honey, In the Name of the Son (2007 film), Independence, Independence of Croatia, Institute for War and Peace Reporting, Inter-Services Intelligence, Inter-Services Intelligence activities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Inter-Services Public Relations, International Committee of the Red Cross, International Court of Justice, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, International Film Festival Rotterdam, International law, International Review of the Red Cross, Islam, Islamism, Ivica Rajić, Ivo Josipović, Jablanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Jackie Arklöv, Jadranko Prlić, Jajce, Janko Bobetko, Jasmin Dizdar, Javed Nasir, Joaquim Sapinho, Joe Sacco, Joint criminal enterprise, José Cutileiro, Jovan Divjak, Kalesija, Karađorđevo meeting, Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, Kathryn Bolkovac, Kiro Gligorov, Knin, Konjic, Kosovo, Kozarac, Kravica attack (1993), Kreševo, Lašva Valley ethnic cleansing, Land mine contamination in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Laura Silber, Leaders of the Yugoslav Wars, League of Communists of Yugoslavia, Leighton W. 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Cherif Bassiouni, Maglaj, Mark Curtis (British author), Markale massacres, Mary Kaldor, Mate Boban, Milan Kučan, Milivoj Petković, Miljenko Jergović, Ministry of Defence (Croatia), Misha Glenny, Miss Sarajevo, Momčilo Krajišnik, Momčilo Perišić, Mostar, Muhamed Filipović, Murder of Nikola Gardović, Muslim Bosniak Organisation, Nacional (weekly), Naser Orić, National Assembly (Republika Srpska), National Assembly (Serbia), NATO, Neo-Nazism, Neonatal intensive care unit, Neretva, New wars, New York City, Nicole Kidman, NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, No Man's Land (2001 film), Novi Travnik, Odžak, Operation Amanda, Operation Bøllebank, Operation Corridor 92, Operation Deliberate Force, Operation Deny Flight, Operation Mistral 2, Operation Neretva '93, Operation Sana, Operation Sharp Guard, Operation Southern Move, Operation Storm, Operation Summer '95, Operation Una, Operation Vrbas '92, Operation Winter '94, Osprey Publishing, Ottoman Empire, Oxford University 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Ad hoc is a Latin phrase meaning literally "for this".
Ademir Kenović (born September 14, 1950) is a Bosnian film director and producer.
Adil Zulfikarpašić (23 December 1921 – 21 July 2008) was a prominent Bosniak intellectual and politician who was the Vice President of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, during the Bosnian War of the 1990s, under Bosnia's first President Alija Izetbegović.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
The Agreement on Friendship and Cooperation between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia was signed by Alija Izetbegović, President of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Franjo Tuđman, President of the Republic of Croatia, in Zagreb on 21 July 1992 during the Bosnian and Croatian wars for independence from Yugoslavia.
The Ahmići massacre was the culmination of the Lašva Valley ethnic cleansing committed by the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia's political and military leadership on Bosniak civilians during the Croat-Bosniak War in April 1993.
An airstrike or air strike is an offensive operation carried out by attack aircraft.
Alija Izetbegović (8 August 1925 – 19 October 2003) was a Bosnian politician, activist, lawyer, author, and philosopher who in 1992 became the first President of the newly-independent Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
James Allan Stuart Little (born 11 October 1959) is a former BBC researcher, reporter and, latterly, special correspondent.
Allied Joint Force Command (JFC) Naples (JFC Naples) is a NATO military command based in Lago Patria, in the Metropolitan City of Naples, Italy—the base was formerly located in the Bagnoli quarter of Naples.
Alpha Bravo Charlie (Urdu: الفا براوو چارلی) is an action and thriller Pakistani drama, produced by ISPR and directed by Pakistani drama and film director Shoaib Mansoor.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Angelina Jolie (born Angelina Jolie Voight, June 4, 1975) is an American actress, filmmaker, and humanitarian.
Ante Gotovina (born 12 October 1955) is a Croatian retired lieutenant general and former French senior corporal who served in the Croatian War for Independence.
Ante Marković (25 November 1924 – 28 November 2011) was the last Prime Minister of Yugoslavia.
The Arbitration Commission of the Conference on Yugoslavia (commonly known as Badinter Arbitration Committee) was an arbitration body set up by the Council of Ministers of the European Economic Community on 27 August 1991 to provide the Conference on Yugoslavia with legal advice.
An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.
The Army of Republika Srpska (Војска Републике Српске/Vojska Republike Srpske; ВРС/VRS), commonly referred to in English as the Bosnian Serb Army (BSA), was the military of Republika Srpska (RS), the self-proclaimed Serb secessionist republic, a territory within the newly independent Bosnia and Herzegovina (formerly part of Yugoslavia), which it defied, active during the Bosnian War (1992–95).
The Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH, Armija Republike Bosne i Hercegovine), often referred to as Bosnian Army, was the military force of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina established by the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 following the outbreak of the Bosnian War.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia (Autonomna Pokrajina Zapadna Bosna) was a small unrecognised state that existed in the northwest of Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1993 and 1995.
Čapljina is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Čelebići camp was a prison camp run by Bosniak and Bosnian Croat forces during the Bosnian War.
Šekovići (Шековићи) is a town and municipality located in northeastern Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Šipovo (Шипово) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Žepa (Cyrillic: Жепа) is a town in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the municipality of Rogatica, in the Republika Srpska entity.
Baščaršija (Cyrillic script: Башчаршија) is Sarajevo's old bazaar and the historical and cultural center of the city.
Backchannel is the practice of using networked computers to maintain a real-time online conversation alongside the primary group activity or live spoken remarks.
Balkan Insight is a publication of the Balkan Investigative Reporting Network (BIRN), that focuses on news, analysis, commentary and investigative reporting from southeast Europe.
Banja Luka (Бања Лука) or Banjaluka (Бањалука), is the second largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the de facto capital of the Republika Srpska entity.
The Banja Luka incident on 28 February 1994, was an incident in which six Republika Srpska Air Force J-21 Jastreb single-seat light attack jets were engaged, and four of them shot down, by United States Air Force F-16 fighters southwest of Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Battle of Žepče was a battle between Army of B&H and HVO in Žepče, Bosnia and Herzegovina on the 24th of June 1993.
The Battle of Kupres (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Bitka za Kupres) was a battle of the Bosnian War, fought between the Bosnian Croat Territorial Defence Force (Teritorijalna obrana – TO) supported by the Croatian Army (Hrvatska vojska – HV) troops on one side and the Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska narodna armija – JNA), augmented by the Bosnian Serb TO on the other at the Kupres Plateau, on 3–11 April 1992.
The Battle of Kupres (Bosnian, Croatian, Bitka za Kupres) was a battle of the Bosnian War, fought between the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) and the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) on one side and the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) on the other from 20 October to 3 November 1994.
The Battle of Vukovar was an 87-day siege of Vukovar in eastern Croatia by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various paramilitary forces from Serbia, between August and November 1991.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC One is the flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands.
Beautiful People is a 1999 British satirical comedy film written and directed by Jasmin Dizdar.
Behind Enemy Lines is a 2001 American war film directed by John Moore in his directorial debut, and starring Owen Wilson and Gene Hackman.
The Berlin International Film Festival (Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin), usually called the Berlinale, is a film festival held annually in Berlin, Germany.
Bernard-Henri Lévy (born 5 November 1948) is a French public intellectual, media personality, and author.
Bihać is a city and the administrative center of Una-Sana Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Bijeljina massacre involved the killing of between 48 and 78 civilians by Serb paramilitary groups in Bijeljina on 1–2 April 1992 during the Bosnian War.
Biljana Plavšić (Биљана Плавшић; born 7 July 1930) is a former president of Republika Srpska who was indicted in 2001 by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) for war crimes committed during the Bosnian War.
Bill Carter (born 1966) is a writer and director.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Blaž Nikola Kraljević (16 September 1947 – 9 August 1992) was a Bosnian Croat paramilitary leader who commanded the Croatian Defence Forces (HOS) during the Bosnian War.
A black operation (or black ops) is a covert operation by a government, a government agency, or a military organization.
Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is a retired American politician and attorney who represented Kansas in Congress from 1961 to 1996 and served as the Republican Leader of the United States Senate from 1985 until 1996.
Paul David Hewson, KBE OL (born 10 May 1960), known by his stage name Bono, is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist.
Boris Tadić (Борис Тадић; born 15 January 1958) is a Serbian politician who served as President of Serbia from 2004 to 2012.
Borisav Jović (Борисав Јовић,; born 19 October 1928) is a former Serbian communist politician, who served as the Serbian member of the collective presidency of Yugoslavia during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Bosanska Krajina (Cyrillic: Босанска Крајина),; sometimes translated as Bosnian Frontier) or, sometimes, simply just Krajina, is a geographical region, a subregion of Bosnia, in western Bosnia and Herzegovina enclosed by a number of rivers, namely the Sava (north), Glina (northwest), Vrbanja and Vrbas (east and southeast, respectively). The region is also a historic, economic and cultural entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, famous for its natural beauties and wildlife diversity. The largest city, and its historical center is Banja Luka. Other cities include Bihać, Cazin, Velika Kladuša, Prijedor, Sanski Most, Gradiška, Kozarska Dubica, Novi Grad, Bosanska Krupa, Ključ, Bosanski Petrovac, Kotor Varoš, Šipovo, Mrkonjić Grad, Drvar, Bosansko Grahovo, Gornji Vakuf, Bugojno, Donji Vakuf, Jajce, Kneževo, Bužim, Laktaši, and Čelinac. Bosanska Krajina is not a formal entity within the structure of Bosnia and Herzegovina; however it has a significant cultural and historical identity that was formed through several historic and economic events. The territory of Bosanska Krajina is currently divided between two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosansko Grahovo (Босанско Грахово) is a town and municipality located in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Bosnia Diaries (Diários da Bósnia) is an independent Portuguese documentary directed by Joaquim Sapinho, produced at Rosa Filmes, which had its world premiere in 2005, at the Pusan International Film Festival.
The Bosniaks (Bošnjaci,; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group inhabiting mainly the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
General elections were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 18 November 1990, with a second round of voting in the House of Peoples elections on 2 December.
The term Bosnian genocide refers to either genocide at Srebrenica and ŽepaIWPR, Genocide Conviction for Serb General Tolimir, 13 December 2012.
Bosnia and Herzegovina v Serbia and Montenegro (also called the Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide) is a public international law case decided by the International Court of Justice.
An independence referendum was held in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 29 February and 1 March 1992, following the first free elections of 1990 and the rise of ethnic tensions that led to the breakup of Yugoslavia.
Bosnian mujahideen (Bosanski mudžahedini), also called El Mudžahid (from مجاهد, mujāhid), were foreign Muslim volunteers who fought on the Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) side during the 1992–95 Bosnian War.
Bottled oxygen is oxygen in bottles, a terminology especially for high-altitude climbing.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali (بطرس بطرس غالي,; 14 November 1922 – 16 February 2016) was an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from January 1992 to December 1996.
Bratunac is a town and municipality located in easternmost part of Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Brčko is a town, municipality and the administrative seat of Brčko District in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The breakup of Yugoslavia occurred as a result of a series of political upheavals and conflicts during the early 1990s.
The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft; the second member of the Harrier Jump Jet family developed.
Brod (Брод;, Brod/Брод.) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bruno Stojić (born 8 April 1955) is a Bosnian Croat politician convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
Bugojno is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central Serbia (Централна Србија / Centralna Srbija), also referred to as Serbia proper (ужа Србија / uža Srbija), is the part of Serbia lying outside the provinces of Vojvodina to the north and the disputed territory of Kosovo (Kosovo and Metohija) to the south.
The Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
"Christmas Eve/Sarajevo 12/24" is an instrumental medley of "God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen" and "Shchedryk", first released on the Savatage album Dead Winter Dead in 1995 as "Christmas Eve (Sarajevo 12/24)." It was re-released by the Trans-Siberian Orchestra, a side project of several Savatage members, on their 1996 debut album Christmas Eve and Other Stories.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
Comanche Territory (Territorio Comanche) is a 1997 Spanish drama war film produced and directed by Gerardo Herrero and starring Imanol Arias, Carmelo Gómez, Cecilia Dopazo, Bruno Todeschini and Gastón Pauls.
A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.
Command responsibility, sometimes referred to as the Yamashita standard or the Medina standard, and also known as superior responsibility, is the legal doctrine of hierarchical accountability for war crimes.
A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy.
Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population.
The Croat–Bosniak War was a conflict between the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the self-proclaimed Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, supported by Croatia, that lasted from 18 October 1992 to 23 February 1994.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
The Croatian Army (also Croatian Ground Army, Hrvatska kopnena vojska, Hrvatska vojska) is a branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia.
The Croatian Defence Council (HVO; Hrvatsko vijeće obrane) was the official military formation of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, an unrecognized entity that existed in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1991 and 1996.
The Croatian Defence Forces (Hrvatske obrambene snage or HOS) were the paramilitary arm of the Croatian Party of Rights (HSP) from 1991 to 1992, during the first stages of the Yugoslav wars.
The Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica or HDZ, literally translated: Croatian Democratic Community) is a conservative political party and the main centre-right political party in Croatia.
The Croatian National Guard (Zbor narodne garde – ZNG) was an armed force established by Croatia in April and May 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence.
Croatian nationalism is the nationalism that asserts the nationality of Croats and promotes the cultural unity of Croats.
The Croatian Party of Rights (Hrvatska stranka prava or HSP) is an extra-parliamentary Croatian nationalist conservative right-wing political party in Croatia.
The Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia (Hrvatska Republika Herceg-Bosna) was an unrecognised geopolitical entity and proto-state in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces, with the JNA ending its combat operations in Croatia by 1992.
Croats (Hrvati) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia.
The Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina, often referred to as the Bosnian Croats, are the third most populous ethnic group in that country after Bosniaks and Serbs, and are one of the constitutive nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Cyrus Roberts Vance (March 27, 1917January 12, 2002) was an American lawyer and United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1980.
Danis Tanović (born 20 February 1969) is a Bosnian film director and screenwriter.
Dario Kordić (born 14 December 1960) is a Bosnian Croat former politician from HDZ BiH, military commander of the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) between 1992 and 1994, vice president of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, a self-proclaimed Croat territory in Bosnia and Herzegovina and convicted war criminal.
David Campbell (born 15 August 1961 in Perth, Australia), is an Australian political scientist.
David Anthony Llewellyn Owen, Baron Owen, (born 2 July 1938) is a British politician and physician.
The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton–Paris Agreement, (Dejtonski mirovni sporazum, Dejtonski mirovni sporazum, Daytonski sporazum) is the peace agreement reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, United States, in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris, France, on 14 December 1995.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
Demons of War (Polish: Demony wojny według Goi) is a 1998 Polish war drama by Władysław Pasikowski set during the Bosnian War.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Derventa (Дервента) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Doboj is a city located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Dretelj camp or Dretelj prison was a prison camp run by the Croatian Defence Forces (HOS) and later by the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) during the Bosnian War.
The Drina (Serbian Cyrillic: Дрина) is a long international river, which forms a large portion of the border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia.
Drvar (Cyrillic: Дрвар) is a town and municipality located in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Duško Tadić (born 1 October 1955, Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia) is a Bosnian Serb politician, former SDS leader in Kozarac and a former member of the paramilitary forces supporting the attack on the district of Prijedor.
Dutchbat (formed from the words "Dutch Battalion", officially known in Dutch as 1(NL)VN Infanteriebataljon) was a Dutch battalion under the command of the United Nations in operation United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR).
Ejup Ganić (born 3 March 1946) is a Bosnian founder and chancellor of Sarajevo School of Science and Technology.
Emir Kusturica (Емир Кустурица, born 24 November 1954) is a Serbian filmmaker, actor and musician.
Enver Hadžihasanović (born 7 July 1950) is a former Bosnian chief of staff of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and war criminal.
Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or racial groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
Eve Ensler (born May 25, 1953) is an American playwright, performer, feminist, and activist, best known for her play The Vagina Monologues.
The Federal Ministry of Interior (FMUP) (Federalno ministarstvo unutrašnjih poslova; Federalno ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova; Federalno ministarstvo unutrašnjih poslova) is the interior ministry of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (abbreviated FB&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (FBiH) / Федерација Боснa и Херцеговина (ФБиХ), Croatian: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (FBiH)) is one of the two political entities that compose Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being Republika Srpska.
Fikret Abdić (born 29 September 1939) is a Bosnian politician and businessman who first rose to prominence in the 1980s for his role in turning the Velika Kladuša-based agriculture company Agrokomerc into one of the biggest conglomerates in SFR Yugoslavia.
The national flag of Greece, popularly referred to as the "sky-blue-white" or the "blue-white" (Γαλανόλευκη or Κυανόλευκη), officially recognised by Greece as one of its national symbols, is based on nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white.
Foča (Фоча) is a town and a municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
There was a campaign of ethnic cleansing in the area of the town of Foča committed by Serb military, police, and paramilitary forces on Bosniak civilians from 7 April 1992 to January 1994 during the Bosnian War.
The Bosnian War attracted large numbers of foreign fighters and mercenaries from various countries.
The Francois Chalais Prize (French: Prix François Chalais) is given at two main events, the Cannes Film Festival (since 1997) and the Young Reporters' Awards (since 1999).
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.
Franjo Tuđman, also written as Franjo Tudjman (14 May 1922 – 10 December 1999) was a Croatian politician and historian.
Frederick McCarthy Forsyth (born 25 August 1938) is an English author, former journalist and spy, and occasional political commentator.
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Original document as PDF in single pages, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
George Timothy Clooney (born May 6, 1961) is an American actor, director, producer, screenwriter, and businessman.
The German Institute for Economic Research (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung) or more commonly DIWBerlin is one of the leading economic research institutes in Germany.
Gojko Šušak (16 March 1945 – 3 May 1998) was a Croatian politician who held the post of Minister of Defence from 1991 to 1998 under President Franjo Tuđman.
Goražde (Горажде) is a city and the administrative center of Bosnian-Podrinje Canton Goražde of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Grabovica massacre refers to the murders of at least 13 Paragraph 3 and 4 ethnic Croat inhabitants of the village of Grabovica near Jablanica by members of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) 9th Brigade and other unidentified members of ARBiH on 8 or 9 September 1993.
Gradačac is a town and municipality located in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Graz is the capital of Styria and the second-largest city in Austria after Vienna.
The Graz agreement was a proposed agreement made between the Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadžić and the Bosnian Croat leader Mate Boban on 6 May 1992 in the city of Graz, Austria.
Grbavica is a 2006 film by Jasmila Žbanić about the life of a single mother in contemporary Sarajevo in the aftermath of systematic rapes of Bosniak women by Serbian soldiers during the Bosnian War.
The term Greater Serbia or Great Serbia (Велика Србија / Velika Srbija) describes the Serbian nationalist and irredentist ideology of the creation of a Serb state which would incorporate all regions of traditional significance to Serbs, including regions outside Serbia that are populated by Serbs.
The Greece–Bosnia and Herzegovina Friendship Building (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian,: Zgrada prijateljstva između Grčke i Bosne i Hercegovine, Serbian Cyrillic: Зграда пријатељства између Грчке и Босне и Херцеговине, Greek: Κτήριο Φιλίας Ελλάδας Βοσνίας-Ερζεγοβίνης) is an office building located in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Greek Volunteer Guard (Serbian Cyrillic: Грчка Добровољачка Гарда; Greek: Ελληνική Εθελοντική Φρουρά) was a unit of Greek volunteers that fought in the Bosnian War on the side of the Army of the Republika Srpska.
Zelene beretke (English, "Green Berets") was a paramilitary organization founded in Sarajevo in early 1992. They were founded by demobilized soldiers and conscripts from the Yugoslav National Army who were mostly ethnic Bosniaks and supporters of Bosnian nationalism. Unlike the ARBiH, the ZB was very closely integrated with the Party of Democratic Action. They were integrated into a newly founded Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the second half of 1992. The Green Berets as a gear of choice and name was selected both as a reference to United States Army Special Forces (although no actual relation existed) and as a common colour brand of the predominant ethnic group that composed the unit, namely Bosniaks. Bosnian Green Berets were mostly active during the war in the early part of 1992 in northern and central Bosnia.
Hakija Turajlić (1936 – 8 January 1993) was a Bosniak politician, economist and businessman who served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina until he was killed in 1993.
Haris Silajdžić (Cyrillic: Харис Силајџић; born 1 October 1945) is a Bosnian politician and academic.
Hazim Delić (born 13 May 1964) was the Bosniak Deputy Commander of the Čelebići camp, a Konjic defence forces run prison camp.
The Heliodrom camp (Logor Heliodrom, Логор Хелиодром) or Heliodrom prison was a detention camp that operated between September 1992 and April 1994.
Herzegovina (or; Serbian: Hercegovina, Херцеговина) is the southern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Hezbollah (pronounced; حزب الله, literally "Party of Allah" or "Party of God")—also transliterated Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc.
The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, together with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, were created in 1995 immediately after the signing of the Dayton Agreement which ended the 1992–95 Bosnian War.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.
The Implementation Force (IFOR) was a NATO-led multinational peace enforcement force in Bosnia and Herzegovina under a one-year mandate from 20 December 1995 to 20 December 1996 under the codename Operation Joint Endeavour.
In the Land of Blood and Honey (U zemlji krvi i meda) is a 2011 American war film written, produced, and directed by Angelina Jolie and starring Zana Marjanović, Goran Kostić, and Rade Šerbedžija.
In the Name of the Son is a 2007 drama/thriller short film, set during and after the Bosnian War in present-day Los Angeles, written and directed by Harun Mehmedinović, produced by Vikramadithya Singh with Ajfelov Most as sponsor.
Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.
The independence of Croatia was a process started with the changes in the political system and the constitutional changes in 1990 that transformed the Socialist Republic of Croatia into the Republic of Croatia, which in turn proclaimed the Christmas Constitution, and held the Croatian independence referendum, 1991.
Institute for War & Peace Reporting (or IWPR for short) is an independent not-for profit organisation that works with media and civil society to promote positive change in conflict zones, closed societies, and countries in transition around the world.
The Inter-Services Intelligence (بین الخدماتی مخابرات, abbreviated as ISI) is the premier intelligence agency of Pakistan, operationally responsible for gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world.
The Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) intelligence agency of Pakistan allegedly ran an active military intelligence program during the Bosnian War which started in 1992 lasting until 1995.
The Inter-Services Public Relations (بین الخدماتی تعلقات عامہ; Reporting name:ISPR), is the media wing of the Pakistan Armed Forces which broadcasts and coordinates military news and information to the country's civilian media and the civic society.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.
The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).
The International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991, more commonly referred to as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), was a body of the United Nations established to prosecute serious crimes committed during the Yugoslav Wars, and to try their perpetrators.
Exclusivement chez Maroc Telecom ! Profitez jusqu’au 15 juin de la Recharge Multiple x12 sur les appels et internet 4G+ ! International Film Festival Rotterdam (IFFR) is an annual film festival held in various cinemas in Rotterdam, Netherlands at the end of January.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
The International Review of the Red Cross is a quarterly peer-reviewed public health journal published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the International Committee of the Red Cross.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
Ivica Rajić (born 5 May 1958, Jehovac, Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia) was a commander in the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) during the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, later convicted of war crimes.
Ivo Josipović (born 28 August 1957) is a Croatian jurist, composer and politician who served as the President of Croatia from 2010 to 2015.
Jablanica is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Jackie Banny Arklöv (born 6 June 1973) is a Swedish convicted criminal.
Jadranko Prlić (born 10 June 1959) is a Bosnian politician who held the position of Prime Minister of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, an unrecognized entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina, from 1993 to 1996.
Jajce is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Janko Bobetko (10 January 1919 – 29 April 2003) was a Croatian general who had participated in World War II and later in the Croatian War of Independence.
Jasmin Dizdar (born 8 June 1961) is a British-Bosnian film director, screenwriter and author best known for his feature film Beautiful People and his World War Two thriller Chosen.
Lieutenant-General Javed Nasir (Urdu: جاويد ناصر;b. 1936)), is a retired engineering officer in the Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers, who served as the Director-General of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), appointed on 14 March 1992 until being forcefully removed from this assignment on 13 May 1993. An educator and engineer by profession, Nasir gained national prominence as his role of bringing the unscattered mass of Afghan Mujahideen to agree to the power-sharing formula to form Afghan administration under President Mojaddedi in Afghanistan in 1992–93. Later, he played an influential and decisive role in the Bosnian war when he oversaw the covert military intelligence program to support the Bosnian Army against the Serbs, while airlifting the thousands of Bosnian refugees in Pakistan.
Joaquim Sapinho (born 1965 at Sabugal, Portugal) is a Portuguese film director.
Joe Sacco (born October 2, 1960) is a Maltese-American cartoonist and journalist.
Joint criminal enterprise (JCE) is a legal doctrine used during war crimes tribunals to allow the prosecution of members of a group for the actions of the group.
José Cutileiro (born November 20, 1934 Évora, Portugal) is a Portuguese diplomat and writer.
Jovan Divjak (Јован Дивјак; born 11 March 1937) is a retired Bosnian Army general who, during the Bosnian War, served as the Deputy Commander of the Bosnian Army's Main Staff until 1994.
Kalesija is a town and municipality located in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Karađorđevo meeting was held on 25 March 1991 by the presidents of the Yugoslav federal states Croatia and SR Serbia, Franjo Tuđman and Slobodan Milošević, at the Karađorđevo hunting ground in northwest Serbia.
The Karlovy Vary International Film Festival (Mezinárodní filmový festival Karlovy Vary) is a film festival held annually in July in Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad), Czech Republic.
Kathryn Bolkovac is a human rights advocate, consultant, former police investigator with the Lincoln Police Department, and former monitor with United Nations International Police Task Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Kiro Gligorov (Киро Глигоров); May 3, 1917January 1, 2012) was the first President of the Republic of Macedonia, serving from 1991 to 1999. He held various high positions in the political establishment of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, including as Secretary of State for Finance in the Federal Executive Council, a member of the Yugoslav Presidency, as well as President of the Assembly of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from May 15, 1974 to May 15, 1978.
Knin is a city in the Šibenik-Knin County of Croatia, located in the Dalmatian hinterland near the source of the river Krka, an important traffic junction on the rail and road routes between Zagreb and Split.
Konjic is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).
Kozarac is a town in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the Prijedor Municipality, near the city of Prijedor.
The Kravica attack was an attack on the Bosnian Serb village of Kravica by the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) from the Srebrenica enclave on Orthodox Christmas Day, 7 January 1993.
Kreševo is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Lašva Valley ethnic cleansing, also known as the Lašva Valley case, refers to numerous war crimes committed during the Bosnian war by the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia's political and military leadership on Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) civilians in the Lašva Valley region of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Land mine contamination in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a serious after effect of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina which raged from 1992 until 1995.
Laura Silber is Chief Communications Officer for the Open Society Foundations, where she runs the Communications department and works with the Soros foundations network to promote advocacy issues.
The Leaders of the Yugoslav Wars listed below comprise the important political and military figures of the Yugoslav wars.
The League of Communists of Yugoslavia, before 1952 the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was the country's largest communist party, and the ruling party of SFR Yugoslavia.
Leighton Warren Smith Jr., KBE (born August 20, 1939) is a former United States Navy admiral.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
Life Is a Miracle (Život je čudo/Живот је чудо) is a Serbian drama film directed by Emir Kusturica in 2004.
Lift and strike was the name of an American policy, which sought to improve the chances of a political settlement in the Bosnian War.
The following is a list of massacres that occurred during the Bosnian War.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (12 October 19356 September 2007) was an Italian operatic tenor who also crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most commercially successful tenors of all time.
Mahmoud Cherif Bassiouni (9 December 1937 – 25 September 2017) was an Emeritus Professor of Law at DePaul University where he taught from 1964 to 2012.
Maglaj is a town and municipality located in Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Mark Curtis is a British historian and journalist who has been involved with developmental charities.
The Markale market shelling or Markale massacres were two separate bombardments carried out by the Army of the Republika Srpska targeting civilians during the Siege of Sarajevo in the Bosnian War.
Mary Henrietta Kaldor CBE (born 16 March 1946) is a British academic, currently Professor of Global Governance at the London School of Economics, where she is also the Director of the Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit.
Mate Boban (12 February 1940 − 7 July 1997) was a Bosnian Croat politician and one of the founders of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, an unrecognized entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Milan Kučan (born 14 January 1941) is a Slovenian politician who was the first President of Slovenia from 1991 to 2002.
Milivoj Petković (born 11 October 1949) is a Bosnian Croat army officer who is among six defendants convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), in relation to the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia during the Bosnian War.
Miljenko Jergović (born 28 May 1966) is a Bosnian-Herzegovinian and Croatian prose writer.
The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Croatia (Ministarstvo obrane Republike Hrvatske or MORH) is the ministry in the Government of Croatia which is in charge of the nation's military.
Misha Glenny (born 25 April 1958) is a multilingual British journalist, specialising in southeast Europe, global organised crime, and cybersecurity.
"Miss Sarajevo" is the only single from the 1995 album Original Soundtracks 1 by U2 and Brian Eno, under the pseudonym "Passengers".
Momčilo Krajišnik (born 20 January 1945) is a former Bosnian Serb political leader, who along with Radovan Karadžić co-founded the Bosnian Serb nationalist Serb Democratic Party (SDS).
Momčilo Perišić (Момчило Перишић; born 22 May 1944, Koštunići) is a Serbian former general who served as Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Army between 1993 and 1998.
Mostar is a city and the administrative center of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Muhamed Filipović (born 3 August 1929 in Banja Luka, Yugoslavia) is a Bosnian philosopher, politician, writer and one of the most prominent Bosniak historians.
On 1 March 1992, a Serbian wedding in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, was shot at amidst the Bosnian independence referendum.
The Muslim Bosniak Organisation (Muslimanska bošnjačka organizacija, MBO) was a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Nacional is a Croatian weekly news magazine published in Zagreb.
Naser Orić (born 3 March 1967) is a former Bosnian military officer who commanded Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) forces in the Srebrenica enclave in eastern Bosnia surrounded by Bosnian Serb forces, during the Bosnian War.
The National Assembly of Republic of Srpska (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Народна скупштина Републике Српске/Narodna skupština Republike Srpske), abbreviated as NSRS (НСРС), is the legislative body of the Republika Srpska, one of two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The National Assembly (Народна скупштина/Narodna skupština) is the unicameral legislature of Serbia.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II militant social or political movements seeking to revive and implement the ideology of Nazism.
A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), also known as an intensive care nursery (ICN), is an intensive care unit specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants.
The Neretva (Неретва), also known as the Narenta, is the largest river of the eastern part of the Adriatic basin.
New wars is a term advanced by British academic Mary Kaldor to characterize warfare in the post-Cold War era.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nicole Mary Kidman, (born 20 June 1967) is an Australian actress and producer.
The NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies (Dutch: NIOD Instituut voor Oorlogs-, Holocaust- en Genocidestudies) is an organisation in the Netherlands which maintains archives and carries out historical studies into the Second World War, the Holocaust and other genocides around the world, past and present.
No Man's Land (Ničija zemlja) is a 2001 war film that is set in the midst of the Bosnian War.
Novi Travnik is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Odžak is a town and municipality located in Posavina Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Operation Amanda was a United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) mission conducted by Danish peacekeeping troops, with the aim of recovering an observation post, S01, belonging to 9th mech inf coy Nordbat 2 near Gradačac, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on October 25, 1994.
Operation Bøllebank (Operation Hooligan Bashing) was the first combat operation conducted by Danish Armed Forces since World War II.
Operation Corridor 92 (Операција Коридор 92, Operacija Koridor 92) was the largest operation conducted during the Bosnian War by the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) against the forces of the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) and the Croatian Army (HV) in the Bosanska Posavina region of northern Bosnia and Herzegovina between 24 June and 6 October 1992.
Operation Deliberate Force was a sustained air campaign conducted by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), in concert with the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) ground operations, to undermine the military capability of the Bosnian Serb Army (VRS), which had threatened and attacked UN-designated "safe areas" in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War with the Srebrenica and Markale massacres, precipitating the intervention.
Operation Deny Flight was a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) operation that began on 12 April 1993 as the enforcement of a United Nations (UN) no-fly zone over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Operation Mistral 2, officially codenamed Operation Maestral 2, was a Croatian Army (Hrvatska vojska – HV) and Croatian Defence Council (Hrvatsko vijeće obrane – HVO) offensive in western Bosnia and Herzegovina on 8–15 September 1995 as part of the Bosnian War.
Operation Neretva '93 was an Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) operation against the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) in September 1993 on a 200 km long front from Gornji Vakuf to south of Mostar, one of its largest of the year, on areas which were included in the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia.
Operation Sana (Operacija Sana) was a military offensive undertaken by the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Armija Republike Bosne i Hercegovine – ARBiH) in western Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War.
Operation Sharp Guard was a multi-year joint naval blockade in the Adriatic Sea by NATO and the Western European Union on shipments to the former Yugoslavia.
Operation Southern Move (Operacija Južni potez) was the final Croatian Army (HV) and Croatian Defence Council (HVO) offensive of the Bosnian War.
Operation Storm (Operacija Oluja, Операција Олуја) was the last major battle of the Croatian War of Independence and a major factor in the outcome of the Bosnian War.
Operation Summer '95 (Operacija Ljeto '95, Операција Љето '95) was a joint military offensive of the Croatian Army (HV) and the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) that took place north-west of the Livanjsko field, and around Bosansko Grahovo and Glamoč in western Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Operation Una (Operacija Una) was a military offensive conducted by the Croatian Army (Hrvatska vojska – HV) against the Army of Republika Srpska (Vojska Republike Srpske – VRS) in western Bosnia and Herzegovina on 18–19 September 1995, during the Bosnian War.
Operation Vrbas '92 (Операција Врбас '92) was a military offensive undertaken by the Army of Republika Srpska (Vojska Republike Srpske – VRS) in June–October 1992, during the Bosnian War.
Operation Winter '94 (Operacija Zima '94, Операција Зима '94) was a joint military offensive of the Croatian Army (HV) and the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) fought in southwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina between 29 November and 24 December 1994.
Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Pakistan Armed Forces (پاکستان مُسَلّح افواج, Pākistān Musallah Afwāj) are the military forces of Pakistan.
Pakistan Television Corporation (پاكِستان ٹیلی وژن نیٹ ورک; reporting name: PTV) is a public and commercial broadcasting television network, as well as a mass-media state-owned megacorporation, with headquarters at Islamabad, Pakistan.
Pakistani dramas (پاکستانی ڈرامہ) refers to televised miniseries produced in Pakistan, with distinctive features that set it apart from regular Western television series or soap operas.
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka demokratske akcije or SDA) is a conservative Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Patriotic League was the first paramilitary unit of Territorial Defence Force of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (TORBIH).
Four major international peace plans were proposed before and during the Bosnian War by European Community (EC) and United Nations (UN) diplomats before the conflict was settled by the Dayton Agreement in 1995.
Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace.
Penélope Cruz Sánchez (born 28 April 1974) is a Spanish actress and model.
Peter Woodard Galbraith (born December 31, 1950) is an American author, academic, commentator, politician, policy advisor, and former United States diplomat.
Peter Maas (June 27, 1929 – August 23, 2001) was an American journalist and author.
Philip Anthony Hammond (born 4 December 1955) is a British Conservative Party politician who has been the Chancellor of the Exchequer since 13 July 2016 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Runnymede and Weybridge since 1997.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
The Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, whereby executive power is exercised by the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Posavina (Posavina/Посавина) is the Slavic name for the region of the Sava river basin in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia that is adjacent or near the Sava river itself.
Predrag "Gaga" Antonijević (born 7 February 1959) is a Serbian film director and screenwriter.
The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the three-member body which collectively serves as head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Presidency of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Predsedništvo SFRJ, Председништво СФРЈ; Predsjedništvo SFRJ; Slovene: Predsedstvo SFRJ; Председателство на СФРЈ), also known as the Presidium, was the collective head of state of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The President of Croatia (Predsjednik Hrvatske), officially styled the President of the Republic (Predsjednik Republike), is the head of state, commander in-chief of the military and chief representative of the Republic of Croatia both within the country and abroad.
President of Republika Srpska (Предсједник Републике Српске/Predsjednik Republike Srpske) is the highest executive authority in Republika Srpska, an entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The President of Serbia (Председник Србије / Predsednik Srbije), officially styled as the President of the Republic, is the head of state of Serbia.
Pretty Village, Pretty Flame (Лепа села лепо горе / Lepa sela lepo gore, literally "Pretty villages burn pretty") is a 1996 Serbian film directed by Srđan Dragojević with a screenplay based on an article written by Vanja Bulić.
Prijedor (Приједор)) is a city located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 89,397 inhabitants within its administrative limits. Prijedor is situated in the Bosanska Krajina region. It is an economically prosperous municipality hosting a wide range of industries, services and educational institutions. The city's geographical location close to major European capitals has made it an important industrial and commercial hub nationally. Prijedor is known for its Catholic, Eastern Orthodox Christian and Islamic heritage. Historic buildings from the Ottoman and Austrian-Hungarian periods are a feature of the urban landscape. The city underwent extensive renovation between 2006–2009.
During the Bosnian War, there was an ethnic cleansing campaign committed by the Bosnian Serb political and military leadership, mostly against Bosniak and Croat civilians in the Prijedor region of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 and 1993.
The Prime Minister of Yugoslavia was the head of government of the Yugoslav state, from the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918 until the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
During the Yugoslav Wars, propaganda was widely used in the media of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Croatia, and in Bosnian media.
A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system.
Prozor is a town in Prozor-Rama Municipality, Herzegovina-Neretva Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
"Pure Massacre" is a single released by Australian rock band Silverchair in 1995 and is the second single from their debut album Frogstomp, which was also released in 1995.
Radoslav Brđanin (born 9 February 1948) is a Bosnian Serb war criminal.
Radovan Karadžić (Радован Караџић,; born 19 June 1945) is a Bosnian Serb former politician and convicted war criminal who served as the President of Republika Srpska during the Bosnian War and sought the direct unification of that entity with Serbia.
The RAM Plan, also known as Operation RAM, Brana Plan, or Rampart-91, was a military plan developed over the course of 1990 and finalized in Belgrade, Serbia during a military strategy meeting in August 1991 by a group of senior Serb officers of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and experts from the JNA's Psychological Operations Department.
Ramiz Delalić (15 February 1963 – 27 June 2007), widely known by his nickname Ćelo (pronounced: CheloThe word means "baldy" - a common nickname in Sarajevo for criminals, because their heads were shaven during their time spent in prison), was the commander of the 9th Mountain Brigade in Sarajevo, and gained notoriety as the main suspect who stood trial before a local court for the killing of Nikola Gardović on 1 March 1992. The murder, taking place during a Serb wedding in front of the old Orthodox Church in Sarajevo, is an event many Serbians consider as the criminal act that triggered the 1992-95 war. Delalić was also one of several prominent underworld figures who helped to defend Sarajevo during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Despite the rumours surrounding him later during the war, namely his purported racketeering and extortion rings, his acts during the wartime were still considered far less controversial when compared to other local warlords, such as Jusuf "Juka" Prazina. Unlike Prazina and some other local gangsters, Delalić remained loyal and obedient to official Bosnian political and military authorities through the entire war-period, and it is even assumed that he was very close with Bosnian president Alija Izetbegović.
Violence assumed a gender-targeted form through the use of rape during the Bosnian War.
Raphael Lemkin (June 24, 1900 – August 28, 1959) was a lawyer of Polish-Jewish descent who is best known for coining the word genocide and initiating the Genocide Convention.
Rasim Delić (4 February 1949 – 16 April 2010) was the Chief of Staff of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Ratko Mladić (Ратко Младић,; born 12 March 1943) is a Bosnian Serb former general found guilty of committing war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
Ravno is a village and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Remake is a 2003 Bosnian war film directed by Dino Mustafić, produced by Enes Cviko and BAFTA Award-winning producer Martine de Clermont-Tonnerre.
The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Bosna i Hercegovina / Република Босна и Херцеговина) was the direct legal predecessor to the modern-day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Republic of Croatia Armed Forces (Oružane snage Republike Hrvatske - OSRH) is the military service of Croatia.
The Republic of Serbia (Република Србија; Republika Srbija) was a constituent republic of Serbia and Montenegro (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) between 1992 and 2006.
The Republic of Serbian Krajina or Serb Republic of Krajina (Република Српска Крајина / Republika Srpska Krajina or РСК/RSK)), known as Serb Krajina (Српска Крајина / Srpska Krajina) or simply Krajina, was a self-proclaimed Serb proto-state, a territory within the newly independent Croatia (formerly part of Yugoslavia), which it defied, active during the Croatian War (1991–95). It was not recognized internationally. The name Krajina ("Frontier") was adopted from the historical Military Frontier of the Habsburg Monarchy and Austria-Hungary, which had a substantial Serb population and existed up to the late 19th century. The RSK government waged a war for ethnic Serb independence from Croatia and unification with FR Yugoslavia and Republika Srpska (in Bosnia). The RSK was armed and funded by Serbia. The government of Krajina had de facto control over central parts of the territory while control of the outskirts changed with the successes and failures of its military activities. The territory was legally protected by the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR). Its main portion was overrun by Croatian forces in 1995 and the Republic of Serbian Krajina was ultimately disbanded as a result; a rump remained in eastern Slavonia under UNTAES administration until its peaceful reintegration into Croatia in 1998.
Republika Srpska (Република Српскa,; literally "Serb Republic") is one of two constitutional and legal entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A referendum on the Vance-Owen Peace Plan was held in Republika Srpska on 15 and 16 May 1993.
The Research and Documentation Center in Sarajevo (RDC) was an institution based in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, partly funded by the Norwegian government that aimed to gather facts, documents, and data on genocide, war crimes, and human rights violations in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Richard Tiffany Gere (born August 31, 1949) is an American actor and humanitarian activist.
Roger Cohen (born 2 August 1955) is a journalist and author.
Safe Area Goražde is a journalistic comic book about the Bosnian War, written by Joe Sacco.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
Sarajevo Blues is a book of poetry first published in 1992 during the siege of Sarajevo by Semezdin Mehmedinović.
Sarajevo International Airport (Međunarodni aerodrom Sarajevo/Међународни аеродром Сарајево);, also known as Butmir Airport, is the main international airport in Bosnia and Herzegovina, serving Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Sarajevo Tunnel (Bosnian: Sarajevski tunel), also known as Tunnel of Rescue (Bosnian: Tunel spasa) and Tunnel of Hope (Bosnian: Tunel nade), was an underground tunnel constructed between March and June 1993 during the Siege of Sarajevo in the midst of the Bosnian War.
Since the 1980s Saudi Arabia has provided foreign assistance to many countries and organizations.
Savatage is an American heavy metal band founded by the Oliva brothers Jon and Criss in 1979 at Astro Skate in Tarpon Springs, Florida.
Savior is a 1998 war film starring Dennis Quaid, Stellan Skarsgård, Nastassja Kinski, and Nataša Ninković.
Scott Francis O'Grady (born October 12, 1965) is a former United States Air Force fighter pilot.
Scott Simon (born March 16, 1952) is an American journalist and the host of Weekend Edition Saturday on NPR.
The Secretary General of NATO (Secrétaire général de l'OTAN) is an international diplomat who serves as the chief civil servant of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
Sefer Halilović (born 6 January 1952 in Prijepolje, PR Serbia, FPR Yugoslavia) is a former general and commanding officer of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the 1992–95 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Semberija (Cyrillic: Семберија) is a geographical region in north-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Semezdin Mehmedinović (born 1960 in Kiseljak, near Tuzla, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia) is a Bosnian writer, filmmaker, and magazine editor.
From August 1990 to November 1991, during the breakup of Yugoslavia, several Serb Autonomous Regions, or Districts (Српска аутономна област (САО) / Srpska autonomna oblast (SAO)) were proclaimed in the Yugoslav republics of SR Croatia and SR Bosnia and Herzegovina in light of the possible secession of the republics from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Serb Democratic Party (Српска демократска странка/Srpska demokratska stranka or СДС/SDS) is a Serb political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Serb Volunteer Guard (SDG) (Српска добровољачка гарда, Srpska dobrovoljačka garda) also known as Arkan's Tigers (Арканови Тигрови, Arkanovi Tigrovi) was a Serbian volunteer paramilitary unit founded and led by Željko Ražnatović (known as Arkan) that fought in Croatia (1991–93) and Bosnia (1992–95) during the Yugoslav Wars.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Serbia and Montenegro (Srbija i Crna Gora, Србија и Црна Гора; SCG, СЦГ), officially the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (Državna Zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora, Државна Заједница Србија и Црна Гора), was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining federal republics of Yugoslavia after its breakup in 1992.
Serbian nationalism or Serbdom (српство / srpstvo) asserts that Serbs are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Serbs.
The Serbian Orthodox Church (Српска православна црква / Srpska pravoslavna crkva) is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Christian Churches.
The Serbs (Срби / Srbi) are a South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans.
The Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbian and Bosnian: Срби у Босни и Херцеговини / Srbi u Bosni i Hercegovini) are one of the three constitutive nations (State-forming nations) of the country, predominantly residing in the political-territorial entity of Republika Srpska.
Sergio Bonelli Editore (formerly CEPIM and other names) is a publishing house of Italian comics founded in 1940 by Gian Luigi Bonelli (1908–2001).
A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.
Shoaib Mansoor, (شعیب منصور; born 19 April 1952) is a Pakistani television and film director, writer, producer, lyricist and musician.
The Siege of Dubrovnik (Opsada Dubrovnika, Blokada Dubrovnika) was a military engagement fought between the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and Croatian forces defending the city of Dubrovnik and its surroundings during the Croatian War of Independence.
The Siege of Goražde (opsada Goražda) refers to engagements during the Bosnian War (1992–95) in and around the town of Goražde in eastern Bosnia.
The Siege of Sarajevo was the siege of the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the longest of a capital city in the history of modern warfare.
The Siege of Srebrenica (Opsada Srebrenice, Опсада Сребреницe) was a three-year siege of the town of Srebrenica in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina which lasted from April 1993 to July 1995 during the Bosnian War.
The Sijekovac killings, also called the Sijekovac massacre, refers to the killing of Serbs civilians, in Sijekovac near Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina on 26 March 1992.
Silverchair were an Australian rock band, which formed in 1992 as Innocent Criminals in Merewether, Newcastle with the line-up of Ben Gillies on drums, Daniel Johns on vocals and guitars, and Chris Joannou on bass guitar.
The Skelani massacre refers to the killing of 69 Serbian victims in Skelani near Srebrenica, eastern Bosnia.
Slobodan Milošević (Слободан Милошевић; 20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was a Yugoslav and Serbian politician and the President of Serbia (originally the Socialist Republic of Serbia, a constituent republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) from 1989 to 1997 and President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000.
Slobodan Praljak (2 January 1945 – 29 November 2017) was a Bosnian Croat general who served in the Croatian Army and the Croatian Defence Council, an army of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, between 1992 and 1995.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Socijalistička Republika Bosna i Hercegovina/ Социјалистичка Pепублика Босна и Херцеговина) was one of the six constituent federal units forming the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Split Agreement or Split Declaration (Bosnian and Splitski sporazum or Splitska deklaracija) was a mutual defence agreement between Croatia, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, signed in Split, Croatia on 22 July 1995.
Srđan Dragojević (Срђан Драгојевић,, born 1 January 1963) is a Serbian film director and screenwriter, who emerged in the 1990s as a significant figure in Serbian cinema.
Srebrenica is a town and municipality located in the easternmost part of Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Srebrenica massacre, also known as the Srebrenica genocide (Masakr u Srebrenici; Genocid u Srebrenici), was the July 1995 genocide of more than 8,000Potocari Memorial Center Preliminary List of Missing Persons from Srebrenica '95 Muslim Bosniaks, mainly men and boys, in and around the town of Srebrenica during the Bosnian War.
The State Security ServiceSlužba državne sigurnosti, Служба државне безбедности; Служба за државна безбедност; Služba državne varnosti (SDB or SDS), more commonly known by its original name as the State Security AdministrationUprava državne sigurnosti, Управа државне безбедности; Управа за државна безбедност; Uprava državne varnosti (UDBA or UDSA), was the secret police organization of Yugoslavia.
Steven Galloway (born July 13, 1975).
Stjepan Šiber (20 June 1938, Gradačac - 25 August 2016, Sarajevo) was a wartime general of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Stupni Do massacre was a massacre committed by Croatian forces on Bosniak civilians during the Croat–Bosniak war in the village of Stupni Do in Vareš municipality.
Sumantra Bose is Professor of International and Comparative Politics at the London School of Economics.
A supermajority or supra-majority or a qualified majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of one-half used for majority.
Susan Shapiro is the American author of ten books, including Five Men Who Broke My Heart, Only as Good as Your Word, Lighting Up, Speed Shrinking, "What's Never Said" and coauthor of The Bosnia List and the New York Times bestseller Unhooked.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Taylor Branch (born January 14, 1947) is an American author and historian best known for his trilogy of books chronicling the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. and much of the history of the American Civil Rights Movement.
The Ten-Day War (desetdnevna vojna) or the Slovenian Independence War (slovenska osamosvojitvena vojna), was a brief war of independence that followed the Slovenian declaration of independence on 25 June 1991.
The Territorial Defence Force of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina (Teritorijalna odbrana Bosne i Hercegovine (TO BiH)) were the first official armed forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the beginning of the Bosnian War.
Texas A&M University Press (also known informally as TAMU Press) is a scholarly publishing house associated with Texas A&M University.
The Abandoned (Bosnian: Ostavljeni) is a 2010 Bosnian film directed by Adis Bakrač, produced by Almir Šahinović and Hollywood producer Page Ostrow.
The Baltimore Sun is the largest general-circulation daily newspaper based in the American state of Maryland and provides coverage of local and regional news, events, issues, people, and industries.
The Cranberries are an Irish rock band formed in Limerick in 1989 by lead singer Niall Quinn, guitarist Noel Hogan, bassist Mike Hogan, and drummer Fergal Lawler.
The Death of Yugoslavia is a BBC documentary series first broadcast in 1995, and it is also the title of a BBC book by Allan Little and Laura Silber that accompanies the series.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Hunting Party is a 2007 American action-adventure-thriller film with elements of political activism and dark satire starring Richard Gere, Terrence Howard, Diane Kruger and Jesse Eisenberg.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Peacemaker is a 1997 American action-political thriller film starring George Clooney and Nicole Kidman and directed by Mimi Leder.
The Perfect Circle (Bosnian: Savršeni krug) is a 1997 Bosnian film by Ademir Kenović set in Sarajevo during the siege of 1992-1996.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Whistleblower is a 2010 Canadian-German-American biographical crime drama film directed by Larysa Kondracki and starring Rachel Weisz.
This War of Mine is a war survival video game developed and published by the Polish game development company 11 bit studios.
Tihomir Blaškić (born 2 November 1960) is a retired general of the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) who served during the Bosnian War and the Croat–Bosniak War.
Senior District Judge Timothy Workman CBE is a British judge, a long-term stipendiary magistrate who serves as Senior District Judge and Chief Magistrate for London.
Tomašica is a village in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Prijedor municipality of the Republika Srpska entity.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
Trans-Siberian Orchestra (TSO) is an American rock band founded around 1993 by producer, composer, and lyricist Paul O'Neill, who brought together Jon Oliva and Al Pitrelli (both members of Savatage) and keyboardist and co-producer Robert Kinkel to form the core of the creative team.
The Prosecutor v. Radovan Karadžić was a case before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands, concerning crimes allegedly committed during the Bosnian War by Radovan Karadžić, the former President of Republika Srpska.
The Prosecutor v. Ratko Mladić was a case before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague, Netherlands, concerning crimes committed during the Bosnian War by Ratko Mladić in his role as a general in the Yugoslav People's Army and the Chief of Staff of the Army of Republika Srpska.
The Trusina killings occurred on 16 April 1993 in the village of Trusina, located in the municipality of Konjic in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where 22 people, four Croat soldiers and 18 Croat civilians, were killed by the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) during the Croat–Bosniak War.
Tuzla is the third largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
U2 are an Irish rock band from Dublin formed in 1976.
On 23 September 1997, the Irish rock band U2 held a concert at Koševo Stadium in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, as part of the group's PopMart Tour.
Udbina (Удбина) is a town and a municipality in historical Krbava, in the Lika region of Croatia.
UHF is a Portuguese rock band formed in the late 1970s in Almada by António Manuel Ribeiro (vocals, guitar and keyboard), Renato Gomes (guitar), Carlos Peres (bass) and Zé Carvalho (drums).
Un Certain Regard is a section of the Cannes Film Festival's official selection.
The Una is a river in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) was a functional commission within the overall framework of the United Nations from 1946 until it was replaced by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2006.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
UN peacekeeping missions involving Pakistan cover about 40 operations in Afghanistan and Pakistan occupied Kashmir.
The United Nations Protection Force (French: Force de Protection des Nations Unies; UNPROFOR, also known by its French acronym FORPRONU), was the first United Nations peacekeeping force in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Yugoslav Wars.
United Nations Safe Areas (UN Safe Areas) were humanitarian corridors established in 1993 in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War by several resolutions of the United Nations Security Council.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 713, adopted unanimously on 25 September 1991, after receiving representations from a number of Member States and commending the efforts of the European Community in the region, the Council decided to impose, under Chapter VII, an arms embargo on the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in light of the outbreak of fighting in the country.
United Nations Security Council resolution 743, adopted unanimously on 21 February 1992, after reaffirming resolutions 713 (1991), 721 (1991), 724 (1991), 727 (1992) and 740 (1992), and considering that the situation in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia constitutes a threat to international peace and stability, the Council established a peacekeeping mission in the country, known as the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), with the aim of reaching a peaceful political settlement in the region.
United Nations Security Council resolution 757 was adopted on 30 May 1992.
United Nations Security Council resolution 808, adopted unanimously on 22 February 1993, after reaffirming Resolution 713 (1991) and subsequent resolutions on the situation in former Yugoslavia, including resolutions 764 (1992), 771 (1992) and 780 (1992), the Council, after stating its determination to put an end to crimes such as ethnic cleansing and other violations of international humanitarian law, decided that an international tribunal should be established for the prosecution of persons responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in former Yugoslavia since 1991.
United Nations Security Council resolution 816, adopted on 31 March 1993, after reaffirming resolutions 781 (1992), 786 (1992) concerning a ban on military flights over Bosnia and Herzegovina and recognising the current situation in the region, the Council, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, extended the ban to cover flights by all fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft over the country, and to use all measures necessary to ensure compliance with the ban.
United Nations Security Council resolution 827, adopted unanimously on 25 May 1993, after reaffirming Resolution 713 (1991) and all subsequent resolutions on the topic of the former Yugoslavia, approved report S/25704 of Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, with the Statute of the International Tribunal as an annex, establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
United Nations Security Council resolution 836 was adopted on 4 June 1993.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, informally the Senate Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of 21 U.S. Senators whose role is to oversee the Department of Justice (DOJ), consider executive nominations, and review pending legislation.
The University of Manchester is a public research university in Manchester, England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Victoria University of Manchester.
Uxo (in Asturian and officially Uxo) is one of 15 parishes (administrative divisions) in Mieres, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northern Spain.
Valentin Ćorić (born 23 June 1956) is a former Bosnian Croat official in the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia.
Višegrad (Вишеград) is a town and municipality located in eastern Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Višegrad massacres were acts of mass murder committed against the Bosniak civilian population of the town and municipality of Višegrad during the ethnic cleansing of eastern Bosnia by Serb police and military forces during the spring and summer of 1992, at the start of the Bosnian War.
Vogošća (Вогошћа) is a secondary suburb and municipality of Sarajevo, Sarajevo Canton, the capital of Bosnia, located about 6 kilometers north of the city center and covering some 72 km².
Vojislav Šešelj (Војислав Шешељ,; born 11 October 1954) is a Serbian politician, writer, lawyer and convicted war criminal.
Vojvodina (Serbian and Croatian: Vojvodina; Војводина; Pannonian Rusyn: Войводина; Vajdaság; Slovak and Czech: Vojvodina; Voivodina), officially the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Аутономна Покрајина Војводина / Autonomna Pokrajina Vojvodina; see Names in other languages), is an autonomous province of Serbia, located in the northern part of the country, in the Pannonian Plain.
The Vrbas is a major river with a length of, in western Bosnia and Herzegovina.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.
A war of aggression, sometimes also war of conquest, is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defense, usually for territorial gain and subjugation.
Warren Zimmermann (November 16, 1934 – February 3, 2004) was an American career diplomat best known as the last US ambassador to SFR Yugoslavia before its disintegration in a series of civil wars.
Warriors is a British television drama serial, written by Leigh Jackson, produced by Nigel Stafford-Clark and directed by Peter Kosminsky.
Wartime sexual violence is rape or other forms of sexual violence committed by combatants during armed conflict or war or military occupation often as spoils of war; but sometimes, particularly in ethnic conflict, the phenomenon has broader sociological motives.
The Washington Agreement was a ceasefire agreement between the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the unrecognized Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, signed in Washington on 18 March 1994 and Vienna.
Watchers of the Sky is a 2014 American documentary film directed by Edet Belzberg.
Welcome to Sarajevo is a British war film released in 1997.
The Western European Union (WEU) was the international organisation and military alliance that succeeded the Western Union (WU) after the 1954 amendment of the 1948 Treaty of Brussels.
The White Eagles (Serbian: Бели орлови, Beli orlovi), also known as the Avengers (Осветници, Osvetnici), were a Serbian paramilitary (terrorist) group associated with the Serbian National Renewal (SNO) and the Serbian Radical Party (SRS).
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.
The Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska narodna armija / Југословенска народна армија / Jugoslavenska narodna armija; also Yugoslav National Army), often referred-to simply by the initialism JNA, was the military of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Yugoslav Wars were a series of ethnic conflicts, wars of independence and insurgencies fought from 1991 to 1999/2001 in the former Yugoslavia.
Zlata Filipović (born 3 December 1980) is a Bosnian writer.
Zlata's Diary is a book by Zlata Filipović, who was a young girl living in Sarajevo while it was under siege.
Zlatko Topčić (born 30 April 1955) is a Bosnian writer who is renowned for his dramas, novels and screenplays.
In June 1991, representatives of Bosnian Muslims (Party of Democratic Action, SDA) and Bosnian Serbs (Serb Democratic Party, SDS) met to discuss the future status of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Yugoslav crisis.
Zvornik is a city located in eastern Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Zvornik massacre refers to acts of mass murder and violence committed against Bosniaks and other non-Serb civilians in Zvornik by Serb paramilitary groups ("Arkanovci", Territorial Defence units, White Eagles, Yellow Wasps) at the beginning of the Bosnian War in 1992.
10 Minutes is a 2002 short film contrasting ten minutes in the life of a Japanese tourist in Rome with the bloody drama of a Bosnian family taking place at the same time less than an hour away in the besieged city of Sarajevo during the Bosnian War.
The 1991 population census in Bosnia and Herzegovina was the last census of the population undertaken in the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina before the Bosnian War.
The 1992 Yugoslav People's Army column incident in Sarajevo occurred on 3 May 1992 in Dobrovoljačka Street, Sarajevo, when members of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) attacked a convoy of Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) troops that were exiting the city of Sarajevo according to the withdrawal agreement.
The 1992 Yugoslav People's Army column incident in Tuzla was an attack on the 92nd Motorized Brigade of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) in the Bosnian city of Tuzla on 15 May 1992.
On 25 May 1995, the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) launched an artillery attack against the town of Tuzla, which left 71 dead and 240 wounded.
The 3rd Corps of the Bosnian Army was one of five, later seven.
The 59th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television for 2001, were held on January 20, 2002.
The 74th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on March 24, 2002, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles.
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