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Index Botswana

Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. [1]

307 relations: African bush elephant, African Championships in Athletics, African Library Project, African Union, African wild dog, Afrikaans, Afrikaners, Akinola Aguda, Alcoholism, Amantle Montsho, Amusement park, Antelope, Apartheid, Association football, Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men's 800 metres, Badminton, Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'í statistics, Bangwaketse, Bank of Botswana, Bantu languages, Basutoland, BBC News, Bechuanaland Expedition, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Berlin Conference, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Blue wildebeest, Bonwapitse River, Botswana Accountancy College, Botswana College of Agriculture, Botswana cuisine, Botswana Defence Force, Botswana Democratic Party, Botswana general election, 2014, Botswana International University of Science and Technology, Botswana national football team, Botswana National Museum, Botswana pula, Botswana–Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership, British South Africa Company, Business development, Cancer Association of Botswana, Cape Colony, Capital punishment in Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Catholic Church in Botswana, Central Africa Time, Central bank, Central District (Botswana), ..., Central Intelligence Agency, Central Kalahari Game Reserve, Chobe District, Chobe National Park, Christianity, Christianity in Botswana, Commander-in-chief, Commonwealth of Nations, Conservation biology, Constitution of Botswana, Contract bridge, Copper, Credit rating, Cricket, Cuando River, Debswana, Democracy Index, Demonym, Desertification, Diamond, Dutch Reformed Church, Dye, Economic impact of HIV/AIDS, Economy of Botswana, Elections in Botswana, Emergency management, English Bridge Union, English language, Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, Ethnic groups in Botswana, Executive (government), External debt, Fatshe leno la rona, Federal government of the United States, Festus Mogae, Fiscal policy, Flamingo, France, Francistown, Freedom of religion in Botswana, Gaborone, Gaborone Dam, German Empire, Ghanzi District, Gold, Golf, Golf course, Gonimbrasia belina, Government budget balance, Grassland, Grazing, Great Trek, Gross national income, Groundwater, Gumare, Handball, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Head of government, Head of state, Health care, Hindu, Hinduism, HIV/AIDS in Botswana, Human Development Index, Hunter-gatherer, Ian Khama, Independence, Indians in Botswana, International Court of Justice, International Cricket Council, International Futures, International Monetary Fund, International rankings of Botswana, Irreligion, Islam, James Anaya, Jameson Raid, Joe Nocera, Judiciary, Jwaneng, Kabelo Kgosiemang, Kalahari Desert, Kalanga language, Kalanga people, Kazungula, Kenya, Kgalagadi District, Kgalagadi language, Kgatleng District, Khama III, Khama Rhino Sanctuary, Khoikhoi, Khoisan languages, Kigelia, Kingdom of Mapungubwe, Kitco, Koena tribe, Kololo, Kweneng District, Landlocked country, Left- and right-hand traffic, Legislature, Lesotho, LGBT rights in Botswana, Life expectancy, Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Limpopo River, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of countries and dependencies by population density, List of countries by economic freedom, List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate, List of diamond mines, Lobatse, London Missionary Society, Lotsane River, Lutheranism, Madagascar, Mahikeng, Makgadikgadi Pan, Makololo tribe, Management of HIV/AIDS, Mangwato tribe, Mauritius, Mennonites, Mfecane, Mining industry of Botswana, Ministry of Education and Skills Development, Missionary, Mokgweetsi Masisi, Mokolodi Nature Reserve, Moremi Game Reserve, Motloutse River, Mozambique, Multi-party system, Museum, Namibia, National Assembly (Botswana), National Party (South Africa), Natural environment, Nijel Amos, Non-bank financial institution, North-East District (Botswana), North-West District (Botswana), Northern Ndebele language, Northern Ndebele people, Notwane River, Nursing, Nxai Pan National Park, Oil, Okavango Delta, Olympic medal, Orapa, Orapa diamond mine, Outline of Botswana, Overexploitation, Palapye, Pap (food), Parliament of Botswana, Parliamentary republic, Peacekeeping, Pew Research Center, Phuthadikobo Museum, Plateau, Poaching, Politics of Botswana, Polyamory, Postage stamps and postal history of Bechuanaland Protectorate, Prefix, President of Botswana, Protectorate, Purchasing power parity, Quett Masire, Rastafari, Religion in Botswana, Representative democracy, Rhinoceros, Rhodesia, River delta, Rugby football, Rule of law, Salt pan (geology), Salt-cured meat, Samp, San people, Savanna, Science and technology in Botswana, Scramble for Africa, Sebetwane, Sechele I, Sedudu, Selebi-Phikwe, Seretse Khama, Seswaa, Settler, Shashe River, Silver medal, Slumber Tsogwane, Softball, South Africa, South African Army, South African Republic, South-East District (Botswana), Southern Africa, Southern African Development Community, Southern District (Botswana), Sowa, Botswana, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subiya people, Swaziland, Taa language, Tanzania, Teacher, Telecommunications in Botswana, Telephone numbers in Botswana, Tennis, The New York Times, Tourism in Botswana, Track and field, Traditional African religions, Transparency International, Transport in Botswana, Tsetse fly, Tshwa language, Tswana language, Tswana people, Tuli Block, Umkhonto we Sizwe, Union of South Africa, Unitary state, United Congregational Church of Southern Africa, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Nations, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations Human Rights Council, United States Africa Command, University of Botswana, University of Pennsylvania, Uranium, Vice-President of Botswana, White people in Botswana, World War I, Yeyi people, Zambezi, Zambezi Region, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army, Zimbabweans in Botswana, .bw, 17th parallel south, 2011 World Championships in Athletics – Women's 400 metres, 2012 Africa Cup of Nations, 20th meridian east, 27th parallel south, 30th meridian east. Expand index (257 more) »

African bush elephant

The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), also known as the African savanna elephant, is the larger of the two species of African elephants, and the largest living terrestrial animal.

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African Championships in Athletics

The African Championships in Athletics is a continental athletics event organized by the Confederation of African Athletics (CAA), the continental association for the sport in Africa.

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African Library Project

The African Library Project (ALP) is a non-profit organization that starts libraries in rural Africa.

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African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.

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African wild dog

The African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), also known as African hunting dog, African painted dog, painted hunting dog, or painted wolf, is a canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.

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Afrikaners are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.

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Akinola Aguda

Akinola Aguda (1923–2001) was a Yoruba Nigerian jurist and a former Chief Justice of Botswana.

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Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.

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Amantle Montsho

Amantle Montsho (born July 4, 1983) is a female sprinter from Botswana who specializes in the 400 metres.

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Amusement park

An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.

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An antelope is a member of a number of even-toed ungulate species indigenous to various regions in Africa and Eurasia.

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Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men's 800 metres

The Men's 800 metres competition at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom, was held at the Olympic Stadium on 6–9 August.

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Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.

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Bahá'í Faith

The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.

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Bahá'í statistics

The Bahá'í World News Service reports a Bahá'í membership of more than 5 million worldwide, in "virtually every country" and many territories.

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The Bangwaketse (also known as the BaNgwaketse, or Ngwaketse) are one of the eight principal tribes in Botswana, and are ethnic Tswana.

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Bank of Botswana

The Bank of Botswana (BoB) is the central bank of Botswana.

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Bantu languages

The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Basutoland was a British Crown colony established in 1884 due to the Cape Colony's inability to control the territory.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bechuanaland Expedition

The Bechuanaland Expedition or Warren Expedition, of late 1884/1885, was a British military expedition to Bechuanaland, to assert British sovereignty in the face of encroachments from Germany, the Transvaal and to suppress the Boer freebooter states of Stellaland and Goshen.

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Bechuanaland Protectorate

The Bechuanaland Protectorate was a protectorate established on 31 March 1885, by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in southern Africa.

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Berlin Conference

The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference (Kongokonferenz) or West Africa Conference (Westafrika-Konferenz), regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power.

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Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), also known as the Gates Foundation, is a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda Gates.

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Blue wildebeest

The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest, white-bearded wildebeest or brindled gnu, is a large antelope and one of the two species of wildebeest.

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Bonwapitse River

Bonwapitse is a river in Central Botswana.

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Botswana Accountancy College

The Botswana Accountancy College, or BAC, is a business school located in the city of Gaborone, Botswana.

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Botswana College of Agriculture

BCA is an agricultural college located in Gaborone, Botswana.

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Botswana cuisine

The cuisine of Botswana is unique but also shares some characteristics with other cuisines of Southern Africa.

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Botswana Defence Force

The Botswana Defence Force (BDF) is the military of Botswana.

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Botswana Democratic Party

The Botswana Democratic Party (abbreviated BDP) is the governing party in Botswana.

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Botswana general election, 2014

General elections were held in Botswana on 24 October 2014.

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Botswana International University of Science and Technology

The Botswana International University of Science & Technology, or BIUST, is an international university located in the town of Palapye, Botswana.

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Botswana national football team

The Botswana national football team, nicknamed 'The Zebras' (Setswana: Dipitse) is the national football team of Botswana and is controlled by the Botswana Football Association.

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Botswana National Museum

The Botswana National Museum, also known as the National Museum and Art Gallery, is located in the Botswana capital of Gaborone and is a multi-disciplinary institution that includes the National Art Gallery and Octagon Gallery, as well as—since November 2007—the National Botanical Garden.

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Botswana pula

The pula is the currency of Botswana.

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Botswana–Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership

The Botswana–Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership (BHP) is an HIV/AIDS research and training organization.

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British South Africa Company

The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was established following the amalgamation of Cecil Rhodes' Central Search Association and the London-based Exploring Company Ltd which had originally competed to exploit the expected mineral wealth of Mashonaland but united because of common economic interests and to secure British government backing.

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Business development

Business development entails tasks and processes to develop and implement growth opportunities within and between organizations.

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Cancer Association of Botswana

Cancer Association of Botswana (CAB) is a voluntary, non-governmental organization established as a trust in 1998.

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Cape Colony

The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope.

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Capital punishment in Botswana

Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Botswana.

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Caprivi Strip

Caprivi, also called the Caprivi Strip (in German: Caprivizipfel), Okavango Strip, and formerly known as Itenge (this part of the country was anciently known as Lyiyeyi (Diyeyi) then Caprivi and currently Zambezi, Itenge was a political dream that did not get realized), is the northeastern panhandle of Namibia, located north of Botswana, southeast of Angola, and southwest of Zambia.

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Catholic Church in Botswana

The Catholic Church in Botswana is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in the Vatican City.

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Central Africa Time

Central Africa Time, or CAT, is a time zone used in central and southern Africa.

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Central bank

A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.

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Central District (Botswana)

Central is the largest of Botswana's districts in terms of area and population.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Central Kalahari Game Reserve

Central Kalahari Game Reserve is an extensive national park in the Kalahari desert of Botswana.

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Chobe District

Chobe District is an administrative district in the northern part of Botswana, with the headquarters in Kasane.

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Chobe National Park

Chobe National Park is Botswana's first national park, and also the most biologically diverse.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christianity in Botswana

More than 70% of the population of Botswana is Christian, with most being members of the Anglican, United Congregational Church of Southern Africa, the Methodist Church of Southern Africa, and African independent churches.

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A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Conservation biology

Conservation biology is the management of nature and of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction and the erosion of biotic interactions.

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Constitution of Botswana

The present Constitution of Botswana commenced on September 30, 1966.

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Contract bridge

Contract bridge, or simply bridge, is a trick-taking card game using a standard 52-card deck.

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Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Credit rating

A credit rating is an evaluation of the credit risk of a prospective debtor (an individual, a business, company or a government), predicting their ability to pay back the debt, and an implicit forecast of the likelihood of the debtor defaulting.

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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Cuando River

The Cuando River is a river in south-central Africa flowing through Angola and Namibia's Caprivi Strip and into the Linyanti Swamp on the northern border of Botswana.

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Debswana Diamond Company Ltd, or simply Debswana, is a mining company located in Botswana, and is the world's leading producer of diamonds by value.

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Democracy Index

The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the UK-based company the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) that intends to measure the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 165 are UN member states.

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A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.

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Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.

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Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.

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Dutch Reformed Church

The Dutch Reformed Church (in or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930.

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A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.

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Economic impact of HIV/AIDS

HIV and AIDS affects economic growth by reducing the availability of human capital.

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Economy of Botswana

Since gaining independence, Botswana has been one of the world’s fastest growing economies,http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/botswana/overview averaging about 5% per annum over the past decade.

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Elections in Botswana

Elections in Botswana take place within the framework of a multi-party democracy and a parliamentary system.

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Emergency management

Emergency management or disaster management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, and recovery).

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English Bridge Union

The English Bridge Union or EBU is a player-funded organisation that promotes and organises the card game of duplicate bridge in England.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic.

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Ethnic groups in Botswana

The population of Botswana is divided into the main ethnic groups of Tswana people (79%), Kalanga people (11%), and Basarwa (or Bushmen) (3%).

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Executive (government)

The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

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External debt

External loan (or foreign debt) is the total debt a country owes to foreign creditors, complemented by internal debt owed to domestic lenders.

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Fatshe leno la rona

"Fatshe leno la rona" (meaning "Our Land" or "Blessed be this Noble Land" in Tswana) is the national anthem of the Republic of Botswana.

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Federal government of the United States

The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.

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Festus Mogae

Festus Gontebanye Mogae (born 21 August 1939) is a Motswana politician who served as the third President of Botswana from 1998 to 2008.

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Fiscal policy

In economics and political science, fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (mainly taxes) and expenditure (spending) to influence the economy.

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Flamingos or flamingoes are a type of wading bird in the family Phoenicopteridae, the only bird family in the order Phoenicopteriformes.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Francistown is the second largest city in Botswana, with a population of about 100,079 and 150,800 inhabitants for its agglomeration at the 2011 census.

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Freedom of religion in Botswana

The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respected this right in practice.

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Gaborone (English) is the capital and largest city of Botswana with a population of 231,626 based on the 2011 census, about 10% of the total population of Botswana.

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Gaborone Dam

The Gaborone Dam is a dam on the Notwane River in Botswana with a capacity of.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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Ghanzi District

Ghanzi (sometimes Gantsi) is a district in western Botswana, bordering Namibia in the west and extending east into much of the interior of the country.

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Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

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Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.

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Golf course

A golf course is the grounds where the game of golf is played.

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Gonimbrasia belina

Gonimbrasia belina is a species of emperor moth which is native to the warmer parts of southern Africa.

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Government budget balance

A government budget is a financial statement presenting the government's proposed revenues and spending for a financial year.

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Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.

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Grazing is a method of feeding in which a herbivore feeds on plants such as grasses, or other multicellular organisms such as algae.

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Great Trek

The Great Trek (Die Groot Trek; De Grote Trek) was an eastward migration of Dutch-speaking settlers (called Voortrekkers) who travelled by wagons from the Cape Colony into the interior of modern South Africa from 1836 onwards, seeking to live beyond the Cape's British colonial administration.

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Gross national income

The gross national income (GNI) is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (GDP), plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents (Todaro & Smith, 2011: 44) (all figures in millions of US dollars).

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Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.

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Gumare or Gomare is a rural village located in the North-West District of Botswana, near the Okavango Delta.

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Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.

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Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (formerly Harvard School of Public Health) is the public health graduate school of Harvard University, located in the Longwood Medical Area of Boston, Massachusetts adjacent Harvard Medical School.

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Head of government

A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.

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Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

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Health care

Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.

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Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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HIV/AIDS in Botswana

Botswana is experiencing one of the most severe HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world.

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Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

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A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.

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Ian Khama

Seretse Khama Ian Khama (or Ian a Serêtsê; born 27 February 1953) is a Motswana former military officer and retired politician who was the fourth President of the Republic of Botswana from 2008 to 2018.

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Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.

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Indians in Botswana

Indians in Botswana do not form a very large population.

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International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).

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International Cricket Council

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket.

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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International rankings of Botswana

The following are international rankings of Botswana.

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Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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James Anaya

Stephen James Anaya is an American lawyer and the 16th Dean of the University of Colorado Boulder Law School.

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Jameson Raid

The Jameson Raid (29 December 1895 – 2 January 1896) was a botched raid against the South African Republic (commonly known as the Transvaal) carried out by British colonial statesman Leander Starr Jameson and his Company troops ("police" in the employ of Beit and Rhodes' British South Africa Company) and Bechuanaland policemen over the New Year weekend of 1895–96.

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Joe Nocera

Joseph "Joe" Nocera (born May 6, 1952 in Providence, Rhode Island) is an American business journalist and author.

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The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

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Jwaneng is a town located in the Southern District of Botswana, but it is not part of this, being a separate district, with its own Town Council.

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Kabelo Kgosiemang

Kabelo Kgosiemang (born 7 January 1986) is a male high jumper from Botswana.

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Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari Desert is a large semi-arid sandy savanna in Southern Africa extending for, covering much of Botswana, parts of Namibia and regions of South Africa.

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Kalanga language

Kalanga, or TjiKalanga (in Zimbabwe), is a Bantu language spoken by the Kalanga people in Botswana and Zimbabwe.

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Kalanga people

The Kalanga, also known as the Bakalanga, Bakalaka, mainly inhabit far western Zimbabwe and northeastern Botswana.

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Kazungula is a small border town in the Southern Province of Zambia, lying on the north bank of the Zambezi River about west of Livingstone.

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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.

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Kgalagadi District

Kgalagadi is a district in southwest Botswana, lying along the country's border with Namibia and South Africa.

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Kgalagadi language

Kgalagadi is one of the Bantu languages spoken in Botswana, along the South African border and in Namibia.

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Kgatleng District

Kgatleng is one of the districts of Botswana, coterminous with the homeland of the Bakgatla people.

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Khama III

Khama III (1837?–1923), referred to by missionaries as Khama the Good, was the kgosi (meaning chief or king) of the Bamangwato people of Bechuanaland (now Botswana), who made his country a protectorate of Great Britain to ensure its survival against Boer and Banpolai encroachments.

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Khama Rhino Sanctuary

Khama Rhino Sanctuary is a community based wildlife project in Botswana.

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The Khoikhoi (updated orthography Khoekhoe, from Khoekhoegowab Khoekhoen; formerly also Hottentots"Hottentot, n. and adj." OED Online, Oxford University Press, March 2018, www.oed.com/view/Entry/88829. Accessed 13 May 2018. Citing G. S. Nienaber, 'The origin of the name “Hottentot” ', African Studies, 22:2 (1963), 65-90,. See also.) are the traditionally nomadic pastoralist non-Bantu indigenous population of southwestern Africa.

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Khoisan languages

The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are a group of African languages originally classified together by Joseph Greenberg.

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Kigelia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae.

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Kingdom of Mapungubwe

The Kingdom of Mapungubwe (1075–1220) was a pre-colonial state in Southern Africa located at the confluence of the Shashe and Limpopo rivers, south of Great Zimbabwe.

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Kitco is a Canadian company that buys and sells physical precious metals such as gold, platinum, palladium, and silver.

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Koena tribe

Bakoena/Bakuena/Bakwena (Those who venerate the crocodile.) Are a huge tribe in Southern Africa.

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Kololo is a hill in Kampala, the largest city and capital of Uganda.

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Kweneng District

Kweneng is one of the districts of Botswana and is the recent historical homeland of the Bakwena people, the first group in Botswana converted to Christianity by famed missionary David Livingstone.

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Landlocked country

A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.

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Left- and right-hand traffic

The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.

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A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.

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Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho), is an enclaved country in southern Africa.

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LGBT rights in Botswana

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Botswana face legal issues not experienced by non-LGBT citizens.

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Life expectancy

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.

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Limkokwing University of Creative Technology

Limkokwing University of Creative Technology (also referred to as Limkokwing) is a private international university with a presence across Africa, Europe, and Asia.

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Limpopo River

The Limpopo River rises in South Africa, and flows generally eastwards to the Indian Ocean in Mozambique.

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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

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List of countries and dependencies by population density

This is a list of countries and dependent territories ranked by population density, measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer.

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List of countries by economic freedom

This article includes a partial List of countries by economic freedom that shows the top 50 highest ranking countries from two reports on economic freedom.

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List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, varies in prevalence from nation to nation.

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List of diamond mines

There are a limited number of commercially aviable diamond mines currently operating in the world, with the 50 largest mines accounting for approximately 90% of global supply.

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Lobatse is a town in South-Eastern Botswana, 70 kilometres south of the capital Gaborone, situated in a valley running north towards Gaborone.

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London Missionary Society

The London Missionary Society was a missionary society formed in England in 1795 by evangelical Anglicans and various nonconformists.

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Lotsane River

The Lotsane River is a river in southeastern Botswana.

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Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

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Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.

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Mahikeng, formerly and still commonly known as Mafikeng and historically Mafeking in English, is the capital city of the North-West Province of South Africa.

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Makgadikgadi Pan

The Makgadikgadi Pan (Botswana salt flats)(Tswana pronunciation), a salt pan situated in the middle of the dry savanna of north-eastern Botswana, is one of the largest salt flats in the world.

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Makololo tribe

The Makololo (Kololo) are a Sotho people of Southern Africa, closely related to the other Basotho, from which they separated themselves in the early 19th century.

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Management of HIV/AIDS

The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection.

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Mangwato tribe

The Bamangwato (more correctly BagammaNgwato, also BaNgwato) can be said to be one of the eight "principal" Tswana chieftaincies of Botswana, and just like any other Tswana chieftaincy in Botswana, constitutes a small percent in the central district even in their capital Serowe.

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Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.

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The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).

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Mfecane (isiZulu, In another tradition transcribed. is the current IPA symbol for a dental click, not a lower-case.), also known by the Sesotho name Difaqane or Lifaqane (all meaning "crushing, scattering, forced dispersal, forced migration"), was a period of widespread chaos and warfare among indigenous ethnic communities in:southern Africa during the period between 1815 and about 1840.

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Mining industry of Botswana

The mineral industry of Botswana has dominated the national economy since the 1970s.

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Ministry of Education and Skills Development

The Ministry of Tertiary Education Research, Science and Technology is a government ministry of Botswana.

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A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.

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Mokgweetsi Masisi

Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi (born 21 July 1961) is the 5th President of Botswana since 1 April 2018.

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Mokolodi Nature Reserve

Mokolodi Nature Reserve is a private not-for-profit game reserve in southern Botswana.

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Moremi Game Reserve

Moremi Game Reserve is a Game Reserve in Botswana.

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Motloutse River

The Motloutse River is a river in Botswana, a tributary of the Limpopo River.

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Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.

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Multi-party system

A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.

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A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.

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Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.

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National Assembly (Botswana)

The National Assembly is the legislative body within Botswana's unicameral Parliament.

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National Party (South Africa)

The National Party (Nasionale Party), also known as the Nationalist Party, was a political party in South Africa founded in 1914 and disbanded in 1997.

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Natural environment

The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial.

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Nijel Amos

Nijel Carlos Amilfitano Amos (born 15 March 1994) is a Botswana middle-distance runner who specializes in the 800 metres discipline.

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Non-bank financial institution

A non-bank financial institution (NBFI) is a financial institution that does not have a full banking license or is not supervised by a national or international banking regulatory agency.

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North-East District (Botswana)

The North-East District is one of the administrative districts of Botswana.

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North-West District (Botswana)

The North-West District or Ngamiland is one of the first level administrative subdivisions of Botswana.

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Northern Ndebele language

Northern Ndebele, also called Sindebele, Zimbabwean Ndebele or North Ndebele, and formerly known as Matabele, is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, spoken by the Northern Ndebele people, or Matabele, of Zimbabwe.

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Northern Ndebele people

The Northern Ndebele people (amaNdebele) are a Bantu nation and ethnic group in Southern Africa, who share a common Ndebele culture and Ndebele language.

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Notwane River

The Notwane River (or Ngotwane River) is a river in southeastern Botswana.

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Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.

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Nxai Pan National Park

Nxai Pan National Park is a national park in north-eastern Botswana, consisting of Nxai Pan, which is one of the Makgadikgadi Pan salt flats.

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An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").

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Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta (or Okavango Grassland) (formerly spelled "Okovango" or "Okovanggo") in Botswana is a very large, swampy inland delta formed where the Okavango River reaches a tectonic trough in the central part of the endorheic basin of the Kalahari.

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Olympic medal

An Olympic medal is awarded to successful competitors at one of the Olympic Games.

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Orapa is a town located in the Central District of Botswana.

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Orapa diamond mine

The Orapa diamond mine is the world's largest diamond mine by area.

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Outline of Botswana

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Botswana: Botswana – a landlocked sovereign country located in Southern Africa.

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Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns.

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Palapye is becoming a large town in Botswana, situated about halfway between Francistown and Gaborone (240 km away from Gaborone and 170 km away from Francistown).

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Pap (food)

Pap, also known as mieliepap (Afrikaans for maize porridge) in South Africa or Sadza in Shona or Isitshwala in Isindebele language in Zimbabwe, or Vhuswa in Tshivenda or bogobe in Northern Sotho, Sesotho and Setswana languages or Nsima Chewa in Malawi, or Nsima in Zambia, Ogi/ Akamu in Nigeria or phaletšhe in Botswana is a traditional porridge/polenta made from mielie-meal (coarsely ground maize) and a staple food of the Bantu peoples of Southern Africa (the Afrikaans word pap is taken from Dutch and simply means "porridge").

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Parliament of Botswana

The Parliament of Botswana consists of the President and the National Assembly.

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Parliamentary republic

A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).

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Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace.

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Pew Research Center

The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.

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Phuthadikobo Museum

The Phuthadikobo Museum is a historic building of architectural interest and the museum has a range of displays, a craft shop and a silkscreen printing workshop which are unique to Africa.

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In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.

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Poaching has been defined as the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.

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Politics of Botswana

Politics of Botswana takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Botswana is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system.

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Polyamory (from Greek πολύ poly, "many, several", and Latin amor, "love") is the ability or capacity to love more than one person at a time.

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Postage stamps and postal history of Bechuanaland Protectorate

The first Bechuanaland Protectorate postage stamps were produced in 1888 by overprinting stamps of Bechuanaland (some overprints of British stamps and some issued specifically for the colony) with "Protectorate".

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A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.

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President of Botswana

The President of the Republic of Botswana is the head of state and the head of government of Botswana, as well as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, according to the Constitution of Botswana.

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A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.

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Purchasing power parity

Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.

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Quett Masire

Quett Ketumile Joni Masire, GCMG (23 July 1925 – 22 June 2017) was the second President of Botswana, in office from 1980 to 1998.

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Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.

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Religion in Botswana

Botswana is a Christian majority nation, and allows freedom of religious practice.

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Representative democracy

Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.

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A rhinoceros, commonly abbreviated to rhino, is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae, as well as any of the numerous extinct species.

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Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.

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River delta

A river delta is a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water.

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Rugby football

Rugby football refers to the team sports rugby league and rugby union.

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Rule of law

The rule of law is the "authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; (hence) the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes".

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Salt pan (geology)

Natural salt pans or salt flats are flat expanses of ground covered with salt and other minerals, usually shining white under the sun.

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Salt-cured meat

Salt-cured meat or salted meat is meat or fish preserved or cured with salt.

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Samp is a South African food consisting of dried corn kernels that have been stamped and chopped until broken but not as fine as Mealie-meal or mielie rice.

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San people

No description.

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A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.

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Science and technology in Botswana

Science and technology in Botswana examines recent trends and developments in science, technology and innovation policy in this country.

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Scramble for Africa

The Scramble for Africa was the occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914.

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Sebetwane (c. 1790 to 1800 – July 7, 1851) was a Southern African king, Basotho chief.

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Sechele I

Sechele I a Motswasele "Rra Mokonopi" (1812–1892), also known as Setshele, was the ruler of the Kwêna people of Botswana.

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Sedudu Island (known as Kasikili Island in Namibia) is a fluvial island in the Chobe River, in Botswana adjacent to the border with Namibia.

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Selebi-Phikwe (also spelt Selibe Phikwe) is a mining town located in the Central District of Botswana.

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Seretse Khama

Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama, GCB, KBE (1 July 1921 – 13 July 1980) was the first President of Botswana, in office from 1966 to 1980.

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Seswaa (as the dish is called in the Central District of Botswana) or leswao (as the dish is called in the south of the country) is a traditional meat dish of Botswana, made of beef and goat meat.

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A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established a permanent residence there, often to colonize the area.

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Shashe River

The Shashe River (or Shashi River) is a major left-bank tributary of the Limpopo River in Zimbabwe.

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Silver medal

A silver medal in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of, or plated with, silver awarded to the second-place finisher, or runner-up, of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc.

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Slumber Tsogwane

Slumber Tsogwane (born 21 September 1960) is the current Vice President of Botswana.

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Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball (11 in. to 12 in. sized ball) on a smaller field.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South African Army

The South African Army is the army of South Africa, first formed after the Union of South Africa was created in 1910.

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South African Republic

The South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.

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South-East District (Botswana)

South-East is one of the districts of Botswana.

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Southern Africa

Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.

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Southern African Development Community

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.

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Southern District (Botswana)

Southern is one of the districts of Botswana.

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Sowa, Botswana

Sowa is a town which lies in the Central District of Botswana, but constitutes a separate administrative district.

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.

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Subiya people

The Subiya call themselves Veekuhane and their language is called Chiikuhane (Shamukuni, 1972; Masule, 1995; Ramsay, 2002; Denkler, 2008; Ndana, 2011).

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Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Eswatini since April 2018 (Swazi: Umbuso weSwatini), is a landlocked sovereign state in Southern Africa.

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Taa language

Taa, also known as ǃXóõ (ǃKhong, ǃXoon – pronounced), is a Tuu language notable for its large number of phonemes, perhaps the largest in the world.

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Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

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A teacher (also called a school teacher or, in some contexts, an educator) is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values.

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Telecommunications in Botswana

Botswana include newspapers, radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

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Telephone numbers in Botswana

Fixed line numbers are seven digits long in a closed telephone numbering plan, with the geographical area being indicated by the first two or three digits.

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Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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Tourism in Botswana

Botswana's principal tourist attractions are its game reserves, with hunting and photographic safaris available.

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Track and field

Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.

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Traditional African religions

The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions.

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Transparency International

Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993.

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Transport in Botswana

A sparsely populated, arid country, Botswana has nonetheless managed to incorporate much of its interior into the national economy.

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Tsetse fly

Tsetse, sometimes spelled tzetze and also known as tik-tik flies, are large biting flies that inhabit much of tropical Africa.

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Tshwa language

Tsoa or Tshwa, also known as Kua and Hiechware, is an East Kalahari Khoe dialect cluster spoken by several thousand people in Botswana and Zimbabwe.

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Tswana language

No description.

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Tswana people

The Tswana (Batswana, singular Motswana) are a Bantu-speaking ethnic group who are native to Southern Africa.

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Tuli Block

The Tuli Block is a narrow fringe of land at Botswana's eastern border wedged between Zimbabwe in the north and east and South Africa in the south.

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Umkhonto we Sizwe

uMkhonto we Sizwe (abbreviated as MK,, meaning "Spear of the Nation") was the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC), co-founded by Nelson Mandela in the wake of the Sharpeville massacre.

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Union of South Africa

The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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United Congregational Church of Southern Africa

The United Congregational Church in Southern Africa began with the work of the London Missionary Society, who sent missionaries like Dr.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.

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United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.

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United Nations Human Rights Council

The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world.

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United States Africa Command

The United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM, U.S. AFRICOM, and AFRICOM), is one of ten unified combatant commands of the United States Armed Forces, headquartered at Kelley Barracks, Stuttgart, Germany.

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University of Botswana

The University of Botswana, popularly known as UB was established in 1982 as the first institution of higher education in Botswana.

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University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly known as Penn or UPenn) is a private Ivy League research university located in University City section of West Philadelphia.

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Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.

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Vice-President of Botswana

The Vice-President of Botswana is the second-highest executive official in the Government of Botswana.

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White people in Botswana

White people in Botswana are Botswana people whose ancestry lies within the continent of Europe, most notably the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Yeyi people

The WaYeyi (also: Yeyi or Bayei, autoethonym: Mayeyi) are Bantu-speaking people of north-western Botswana and north-eastern Namibia.

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The Zambezi (also spelled Zambeze and Zambesi) is the fourth-longest river in Africa, the longest east-flowing river in Africa and the largest flowing into the Indian Ocean from Africa.

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Zambezi Region

The Zambezi Region, until 2013 known as the Caprivi Region, is one of the 14 regions of Namibia, located in the extreme north-east of the country.

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Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.

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Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.

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Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army

Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) was the armed wing of the Zimbabwe African People's Union, a Marxist–Leninist political party in Rhodesia.

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Zimbabweans in Botswana

There is a significant population of Zimbabweans in Botswana.

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.bw is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Botswana.

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17th parallel south

The 17th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 17 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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2011 World Championships in Athletics – Women's 400 metres

The Women's 400 metres at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Daegu Stadium on August 27, 28 and 29.

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2012 Africa Cup of Nations

The 2012 Africa Cup of Nations, also known as the Orange Africa Cup of Nations for sponsorship reasons, was the 28th edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the football championship of Africa organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF).

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20th meridian east

The meridian 20° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic and Indian oceans, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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27th parallel south

The 27th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 27 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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30th meridian east

The meridian 30° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Turkey, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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Redirects here:

Administrative divisions of Botswana, Botsuana, Botswana Independence, Botswanan, Chief Justice of Botswana, Country BWA, Environmental issues in Botswana, ISO 3166-1:BW, Judiciary of Botswana, Khama's Country, Lefatshe la Botswana, Republic of Botswana, The Republic of Botswana.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Botswana

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