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Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France. [1]

199 relations: A16 autoroute, Adam Liszt, Adolf Hitler, Alexandre Guilmant, Alfred-Georges Regner, Amiens, Argentina, Auguste Mariette, Auguste O'Kelly, Avro Lancaster, Étienne-Prosper Berne-Bellecour, Baldwin I of Jerusalem, Basilica, Basilica of Notre-Dame de Boulogne, Battle of France, Belgium, Benoît Haffreingue, Benoît-Constant Coquelin, Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc, Boii, Bologna, Boulogne-Billancourt, Boulonnais (land area), Brigade of Guards, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Brutalist architecture, Caesar (title), Cairo, Calais, Canton of Boulogne-sur-Mer-1, Canton of Boulogne-sur-Mer-2, Cap Blanc-Nez, Cap Gris-Nez, Carausian Revolt, Carausius, Côte d'Opale, Celtic toponymy, Championnat National, Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Château de Boulogne-sur-Mer, Chile, Classis Britannica, Claudius, Communauté d'agglomération du Boulonnais, Communes of France, Composer, Conservatoire de Paris, Constantius Chlorus, Count of Boulogne, County of Boulogne, ..., County of Flanders, Crown Holdings, De Havilland Mosquito, Debtors' prison, Declaration of Boulogne, Departments of France, Destroyer, Dover, Duchenne de Boulogne, Egypt, Egyptian Museum, English Channel, Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin, Ernest Hamy, Esperanto, ESSM Le Portel, Estha Essombe, Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, Félix Godefroid, FIFA World Cup, Findus, First Crusade, Flemish, Flixbus, Folkestone, Franck Ribéry, Franz Liszt, Frédéric Cuvillier, Frédéric Sauvage, French language, Gare de Boulogne-Maritime, Gare de Boulogne-Tintelleries, Gare de Boulogne-Ville, Gare de Calais-Fréthun, Gare de Calais-Ville, Gare de Lille Flandres, George O'Kelly, Georges Mathieu, Godfrey of Bouillon, Gothic architecture, Grande Armée, Handley Page Halifax, Hauts-de-France, Henri Malo, Herring, Historian, Hundred Years' War, In Flanders Fields, Iridium, Italy, Itius Portus, Jean-Pierre Papin, John McCrae, José de San Martín, Joseph O'Kelly, Julius Caesar, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of France, L. L. Zamenhof, La Plata, La Voix du Nord (daily), Latin, Latino, Léo Marjane, LD Lines, Le Touquet, Liane (river), Lille, List of ancient Celtic peoples and tribes, LNB Pro A, Matilda of Boulogne, Maurice Boitel, Mayor, Michel Caffier, Michel Le Quien, Mickaël Bourgain, Middle Ages, Morini, Napoleon, Napoleon III, Napoleon's planned invasion of the United Kingdom, Napoleonic Wars, Nausicaä Centre National de la Mer, Neufchâtel-Hardelot, Neurology, Normandy landings, Notre-Dame de Paris, Oceanic climate, Olivier Latry, Operation Wellhit, Organist, Osmium, Paris, Pas-de-Calais, Pierre Claude François Daunou, Pioneer (military), Priest, Renaud I, Count of Dammartin, Robert Coates (actor), Roman Britain, Roman conquest of Britain, Roman Empire, Roman navy, Rouen, Royal Air Force, Royal Navy, S.O.M.B., Safi, Morocco, Scotland, Shrines to the Virgin Mary, Sieges of Boulogne (1544–46), Simón Bolívar, Sister city, Smithson Tennant, SNCF, Socialist Party (France), Sophie Daumier, Spanish Empire, Stade de la Libération, Strasbourg, Subprefectures in France, Suicide of Ajax Vase, Tallboy (bomb), TER Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Terence Makengo, Treaty of the Pyrenees, Typhoid fever, UNESCO, United Kingdom, Université d'été de Boulogne-sur-Mer, University of Lille Nord de France, University of the Littoral Opal Coast, US Boulogne, Vienna, Vieux-Boulogne, Vindobona, Wales, Welsh rarebit, William the Conqueror, Wimereux, Wissant, World Esperanto Congress, World Heritage site, World War I, World War II, Zosimus, Zweibrücken, 2nd Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 3rd Canadian Division. Expand index (149 more) »

A16 autoroute

The A16 autoroute – also known as L'Européenne and forming between Abbeville and Dunkirk a part of the larger Autoroute des estuaires – is a motorway in northern France.

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Adam Liszt

Adamus List – (Ádám Liszt) (16 December 177628 August 1827) was the father of composer and pianist Franz Liszt.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Alexandre Guilmant

Félix-Alexandre Guilmant (12 March 1837 – 29 March 1911) was a French organist and composer.

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Alfred-Georges Regner

Alfred-Georges Regner (22 February 1902 in Amiens – 20 September 1987 in Bayeux), was a French surrealist painter and engraver.

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Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.

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Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

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Auguste Mariette

François Auguste Ferdinand Mariette (11 February 182118 January 1881) was a French scholar, archaeologist and Egyptologist, and founder of the Egyptian Department of Antiquities (later Supreme Council of Antiquities).

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Auguste O'Kelly

Auguste O'Kelly (13 July 1829 – 16 February 1900) was a Franco-Irish music publisher in Paris between 1872 and 1888.

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Avro Lancaster

The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.

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Étienne-Prosper Berne-Bellecour

Étienne-Prosper Berne-Bellecour (29 June 1838 – 29 November 1910) was a French painter, printmaker, and illustrator.

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Baldwin I of Jerusalem

Baldwin I, also known as Baldwin of Boulogne (1060s – 2 April 1118), was the first count of Edessa from 1098 to 1100, and the second crusader ruler and first King of Jerusalem from 1100 to his death.

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A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.

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Basilica of Notre-Dame de Boulogne

The Basilica of Notre-Dame de Boulogne, otherwise the Basilica of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception (Notre-Dame de Boulogne; Basilique Notre-Dame-de-l'Immaculée-Conception), is a minor basilica located in Boulogne-sur-Mer in the Pas-de-Calais département of northern France.

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Battle of France

The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Benoît Haffreingue

Benoît-Agathon Haffreingue (1785 in Audinghen – 1871) was a French priest based in Boulogne-sur-Mer.

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Benoît-Constant Coquelin

Benoît-Constant Coquelin (23 January 184127 January 1909), known as Coquelin aîné ("Coquelin the Elder"), was a French actor, "one of the greatest theatrical figures of the age.".

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Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc

Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc (or Blaise de Montluc) (26 July 1577) was a marshal of France.

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The Boii (Latin plural, singular Boius; Βόιοι) were a Gallic tribe of the later Iron Age, attested at various times in Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), Pannonia (Hungary and its western neighbours), parts of Bavaria, in and around Bohemia (after whom the region is named in most languages; comprising the bulk of the Czech Republic), and Gallia Narbonensis.

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Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.

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Boulogne-Billancourt (often colloquially called simply Boulogne, until 1924 Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.

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Boulonnais (land area)

The Boulonnais is a coastal area of northern France, around Calais and Boulogne-sur-Mer.

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Brigade of Guards

The Brigade of Guards was an administrative formation of the British Army from 1856 to 1968.

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British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.

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Brutalist architecture

Brutalist architecture flourished from 1951 to 1975, having descended from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century.

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Caesar (title)

Caesar (English Caesars; Latin Caesares) is a title of imperial character.

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Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.

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Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.

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Canton of Boulogne-sur-Mer-1

The canton of Boulogne-sur-Mer-1 is an administrative division of the Pas-de-Calais department, in northern France.

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Canton of Boulogne-sur-Mer-2

The canton of Boulogne-sur-Mer-2 is an administrative division of the Pas-de-Calais department, in northern France.

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Cap Blanc-Nez

Cap Blanc-Nez (literally "Cape White Nose" in English; from Dutch Blankenesse, white headland) is a cape on the Côte d'Opale, in the Pas-de-Calais département, in northern France.

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Cap Gris-Nez

Cap Gris-Nez (literally "cape grey nose") is a cape on the Côte d'Opale in the Pas-de-Calais département in northern France.

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Carausian Revolt

The Carausian Revolt (286–296) was an episode in Roman history, during which a Roman naval commander, Carausius, declared himself emperor over Britain and northern Gaul.

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Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius (died 293) was a military commander of the Roman Empire in the 3rd century.

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Côte d'Opale

Opal Coast (fr: Côte d'Opale) is a coast in northern France, on the English Channel, popular with tourists.

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Celtic toponymy

Celtic toponymy is the study of place names wholly or partially of Celtic origin.

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Championnat National

The Championnat de France National (French National Championship), commonly referred to as simply National or Division 3, serves as the third division of the French football league system behind Ligue 1 and Ligue 2.

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Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve

Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve (23 December 1804, in Boulogne-sur-Mer – 13 October 1869, in Paris) was a literary critic of French literature.

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Château de Boulogne-sur-Mer

The Château de Boulogne-sur-Mer is a castle in the French seaport of Boulogne-sur-Mer, in the Pas-de-Calais département.

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Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Classis Britannica

The Classis Britannica (literally, British fleet, in the sense of 'the fleet in British waters' or 'the fleet of the province of Britannia', rather than 'the fleet of the state of Britain') was a provincial naval fleet of the navy of ancient Rome.

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Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.

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Communauté d'agglomération du Boulonnais

The Communauté d'agglomération du Boulonnais is the communauté d'agglomération, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Boulogne-sur-Mer.

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Communes of France

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.

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A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.

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Conservatoire de Paris

The Conservatoire de Paris (English: Paris Conservatory) is a college of music and dance founded in 1795 associated with PSL Research University.

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Constantius Chlorus

Constantius I (Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius Herculius Augustus;Martindale, pg. 227 31 March 25 July 306), commonly known as Constantius Chlorus (Χλωρός, Kōnstantios Khlōrós, literally "Constantius the Pale"), was Caesar, a form of Roman co-emperor, from 293 to 306.

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Count of Boulogne

The Count of Boulogne is a historical title in the kingdom of France.

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County of Boulogne

The County of Boulogne was a county within the kingdom of France during the 9th to 15th centuries, centred on the city of Boulogne-sur-Mer.

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County of Flanders

The County of Flanders (Graafschap Vlaanderen, Comté de Flandre) was a historic territory in the Low Countries.

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Crown Holdings

Crown Holdings Incorporated, formerly Crown Cork & Seal Company, is an American company that makes metal beverage and food cans, metal aerosol containers, metal closures and specialty packing.

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De Havilland Mosquito

The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.

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Debtors' prison

A debtors' prison is a prison for people who are unable to pay debt.

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Declaration of Boulogne

The Declaration on the Essence of Esperantism (Deklaracio pri la esenco de Esperantismo), commonly referred to as the Declaration of Boulogne (Bulonja Deklaracio), is a historic document that establishes several important premises for the Esperanto movement.

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Departments of France

In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.

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In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.

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Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.

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Duchenne de Boulogne

Guillaume-Benjamin-Amand Duchenne (de Boulogne) (September 17, 1806 in Boulogne-sur-Mer – September 15, 1875 in Paris) was a French neurologist who revived Galvani's research and greatly advanced the science of electrophysiology.

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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Egyptian Museum

The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or Museum of Cairo, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities.

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English Channel

The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.

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Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin

Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin (16 May 18488 February 1909) was a French actor.

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Ernest Hamy

Ernest-Théodore Hamy (22 June 1842, Boulogne-sur-Mer – 18 November 1908, Paris) was a French anthropologist and ethnologist.

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Esperanto (or; Esperanto) is a constructed international auxiliary language.

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ESSM Le Portel

Étoile Sportive Saint-Michel Le Portel Côte d'Opale, commonly known as ESSM Le Portel or simply Le Portel, is a professional basketball team based in Le Portel, France.

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Estha Essombe

Estha Essombe (born 20 April 1963 in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France) is a French judoka.

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Eustace II, Count of Boulogne

Eustace II, (&ndash), also known as Eustace aux Gernons (with moustaches) Heather J. Tanner, ‘Eustace (II), count of Boulogne (d. c.1087)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.

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Félix Godefroid

Dieudonné-Félix Godefroid (24 July 1818 - 12 July 1897) was a Belgian harpist, who composed for his instrument and for the piano.

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FIFA World Cup

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.

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Findus is a frozen food brand which was first sold in Sweden in 1945.

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First Crusade

The First Crusade (1095–1099) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the Holy Land, called for by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095.

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Flemish (Vlaams), also called Flemish Dutch (Vlaams-Nederlands), Belgian Dutch (Belgisch-Nederlands), or Southern Dutch (Zuid-Nederlands), is any of the varieties of the Dutch language dialects spoken in Flanders, the northern part of Belgium, as well as French Flanders and the Dutch Zeelandic Flanders by approximately 6.5 million people.

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Flixbus (styled "FLiXBUS") is a brand which offers intercity bus service in Europe and US.

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Folkestone is a port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England.

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Franck Ribéry

Franck Henry Pierre Ribéry (born 7 April 1983) is a French professional footballer who plays for German club Bayern Munich.

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Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.

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Frédéric Cuvillier

Frédéric Cuvillier (born at Boulogne-sur-Mer on 9 December 1968) is a French politician who, until his appointment as Junior Minister for Transport and the Maritime Economy at the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, and Energy by President François Hollande on 16 May 2012, was a member of the National Assembly of France, where he represented the 5th constituency of Pas-de-Calais on behalf of the Parti Socialiste.

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Frédéric Sauvage

Frédéric Sauvage (20 September 1786 – 17 July 1857) was a French boat builder who carried out early tests of screw-type marine propellers.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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Gare de Boulogne-Maritime

The Gare de Boulogne-Maritime was a former railway station and port in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France.

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Gare de Boulogne-Tintelleries

Gare de Boulogne-Tintelleries serves the historic centre of Boulogne opened on May 1, 1893, and is located on the Boulogne–Calais railway and served by the SNCF local TER Hauts-de-France.

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Gare de Boulogne-Ville

Gare de Boulogne-Ville is one of the railway stations serving the town Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais department, northern France.

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Gare de Calais-Fréthun

Gare de Calais-Fréthun is a SNCF international railway station in the suburbs of Calais, France.

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Gare de Calais-Ville

Gare de Calais-Ville is a railway station in the city centre of Calais, France.

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Gare de Lille Flandres

Lille Flandres is the main railway station of Lille, capital of French Flanders.

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George O'Kelly

George Alexandre O'Kelly (12 October 1831 – 2 September 1914) was a Franco-Irish pianist and composer, who spent much of his career in Boulogne-sur-Mer.

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Georges Mathieu

Georges Mathieu (27 January 1921 Boulogne-sur-Mer – 10 June 2012 Boulogne-Billancourt) was a French abstract painter, art theorist and member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

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Godfrey of Bouillon

Godfrey of Bouillon (18 September 1060 – 18 July 1100) was a Frankish knight and one of the leaders of the First Crusade from 1096 until its conclusion in 1099.

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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

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Grande Armée

The Grande Armée (French for Great Army) was the army commanded by Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Handley Page Halifax

The Handley Page Halifax was a Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War.

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Hauts-de-France (translates to "Upper France" in English; Heuts-d'Franche) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy.

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Henri Malo

Henri Malo (4 March 1868 in Boulogne-sur-Mer) – 17 March 1948 in Chantilly.

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Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.

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A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.

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Hundred Years' War

The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France.

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In Flanders Fields

"In Flanders Fields" is a war poem in the form of a rondeau, written during the First World War by Canadian physician Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae.

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Iridium is a chemical element with symbol Ir and atomic number 77.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Itius Portus

Itius Portus or Portus Itius, an ancient Roman name for a port in Nord-Pas-de-Calais, of unknown location.

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Jean-Pierre Papin

Jean-Pierre Papin (born 5 November 1963 in Boulogne-sur-Mer) is a former French professional football player, who played as a forward, and who was named the European Footballer of the Year in 1991.

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John McCrae

Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, MD (November 30, 1872 – January 28, 1918) was a Canadian poet, physician, author, artist and soldier during World War I, and a surgeon during the Second Battle of Ypres, in Belgium.

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José de San Martín

José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín or El Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru, was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire who served as the Protector of Peru.

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Joseph O'Kelly

Joseph O'Kelly (29 January 1828 – 9 January 1885), composer, pianist and choral conductor, was the most prominent member of a family of Irish musicians in 19th- and early 20th-century France.

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Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

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Kingdom of England

The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Kingdom of France

The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.

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L. L. Zamenhof

Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof; –), credited as L. L. Zamenhof and sometimes as the pseudonymous Dr.

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La Plata

La Plata is the capital city of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.

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La Voix du Nord (daily)

La Voix du Nord (lit. The Voice of the North or The Voice of Nord) is a regional daily newspaper from the north of France.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Latino is a term often used in the United States to refer to people with cultural ties to Latin America, in contrast to Hispanic which is a demonym that includes Spaniards and other speakers of the Spanish language.

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Léo Marjane

Thérèse Maria Léonie Gendebien, known by the stage name Léo Marjane (26 August 1912 – 18 December 2016) was a French singer who reached the peak of her popularity in the late 1930s and early 1940s before her career went into sharp decline after the end of World War II.

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LD Lines

LD Lines was a French shipping company, with both roro freight and passenger ferry operations.

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Le Touquet

Le Touquet-Paris-Plage, commonly referred to as Le Touquet, is a commune near Etaples,in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

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Liane (river)

The Liane is a 37 km river in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

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Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.

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List of ancient Celtic peoples and tribes

This is a list of Celtic tribes, listed in order of the Roman province (after Roman conquest) or the general area in which they lived.

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The LNB Pro A, commonly known as Pro A and for sponsorship reasons named the Jeep Élite, is the top-tier level men's professional basketball league in France.

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Matilda of Boulogne

Matilda I of Boulogne (1105? – 3 May 1152) was Queen of England as the wife of King Stephen, whom she supported in his struggle for the English throne against their cousin Empress Matilda.

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Maurice Boitel

Maurice Boitel (July 31, 1919 – August 11, 2007) was a French painter.

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In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

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Michel Caffier

Michel Caffier (born 17 June 1930 in Boulogne-sur-Mer) is a French journalist, writer and literary critic.

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Michel Le Quien

Michel Le Quien (8 October 1661, Boulogne-sur-Mer – 12 March 1733, Paris) was a French historian and theologian.

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Mickaël Bourgain

Mickaël Bourgain (born 28 May 1980 in Boulogne-sur-Mer) is a French track cyclist, who won a bronze medal in the men's team sprint race at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens together with Laurent Gané and Arnaud Tournant, and a bronze medal in the men's individual sprint at the 2008 Summer Olympics.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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The Morini were a Belgic tribe of northern Gaul.

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Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Napoleon III

Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.

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Napoleon's planned invasion of the United Kingdom

Napoleon's planned invasion of the United Kingdom at the start of the War of the Third Coalition, although never carried out, was a major influence on British naval strategy and the fortification of the coast of southeast England.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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Nausicaä Centre National de la Mer

Nausicaā Centre National de la Mer is a public aquarium located in Boulogne-sur-Mer in France.

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Neufchâtel-Hardelot is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

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Normandy landings

The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.

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Notre-Dame de Paris

Notre-Dame de Paris (meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Olivier Latry

Olivier Latry (born 22 February 1962) is a French organist, improviser and Professor of Organ in the Conservatoire de Paris.

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Operation Wellhit

Operation Wellhit was the Second World War operation by the 3rd Canadian Division (Canadian 1st Army) to take the fortified port of Boulogne in northern France.

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An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ.

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Osmium (from Greek ὀσμή osme, "smell") is a chemical element with symbol Os and atomic number 76.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).

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Pierre Claude François Daunou

Pierre Claude François Daunou (18 August 176120 June 1840) was a French statesman and historian of the French Revolution and Empire.

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Pioneer (military)

A pioneer is a soldier employed to perform engineering and construction tasks.

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A priest or priestess (feminine) is a religious leader authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities.

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Renaud I, Count of Dammartin

Renaud de Dammartin (Reginald of Boulogne) (c. 1165 – 1227) was Count of Boulogne from 1190, Count of Dammartin from 1200 to 1214 and Count of Aumale from 1204 to 1214.

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Robert Coates (actor)

Robert "Romeo" Coates (1772–1848) was an English eccentric, best remembered for his career as an amateur actor.

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Roman Britain

Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.

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Roman conquest of Britain

The Roman conquest of Britain was a gradual process, beginning effectively in AD 43 under Emperor Claudius, whose general Aulus Plautius served as first governor of Roman Britain (Britannia).

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Roman navy

The Roman navy (Classis, lit. "fleet") comprised the naval forces of the Ancient Roman state.

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Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Stade Olympique Maritime Boulonnais, commonly known as SOMB, is a French professional basketball club based in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France.

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Safi, Morocco

Safi (Berber: Asfi, ⴰⵙⴼⵉ; أسفي, Portuguese: Safim) is a city in western Morocco on the Atlantic Ocean.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Shrines to the Virgin Mary

A shrine to the Virgin Mary (or Marian shrine) is a shrine marking an apparition or other miracle ascribed to the Blessed Virgin Mary, or a site on which is centered a historically strong Marian devotion.

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Sieges of Boulogne (1544–46)

A Siege of Boulogne took place in 1492 when the English Tudor King Henry VII took the lightly defended lower town of Boulogne in the Pas-de-Calais, France.

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Simón Bolívar

Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Palacios Ponte y Blanco (24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), generally known as Simón Bolívar and also colloquially as El Libertador, was a Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Smithson Tennant

Smithson Tennant FRS (30 November 1761 – 22 February 1815) was an English chemist.

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The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.

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Socialist Party (France)

The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.

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Sophie Daumier

Sophie Daumier (24 November 1934 – 1 January 2004) was a French film actress.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.

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Stade de la Libération

Stade de la Libération is a multi-use stadium in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France.

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Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.

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Subprefectures in France

In France, a subprefecture (sous-préfecture) is the administrative center of a departmental arrondissement that does not contain the prefecture for its department.

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Suicide of Ajax Vase

The Suicide of Ajax Vase depicting the suicide of Ajax a "neck amphora" in shape, and painted in the black-figure style.

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Tallboy (bomb)

Tallboy, or Bomb, Medium Capacity, 12,000 lb, was an earthquake bomb developed by the British aeronautical engineer Barnes Wallis and used by the RAF during the Second World War.

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TER Nord-Pas-de-Calais

TER Nord-Pas-de-Calais was the regional rail network serving Nord-Pas-de-Calais région, France.

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Terence Makengo

Terence "Tété" Makengo (born 22 June 1992) is a French football player of Congolese descent who most recently played for Zagłębie Sosnowiec.

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Treaty of the Pyrenees

The Treaty of the Pyrenees (Traité des Pyrénées, Tratado de los Pirineos, Tractat dels Pirineus, Tratado dos Pirenéus) was signed on 7 November 1659 to end the 1635–1659 war between France and Spain, a war that was initially a part of the wider Thirty Years' War.

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Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Université d'été de Boulogne-sur-Mer

The Université d'été de Boulogne-sur-Mer is a summer university at Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas de Calais, France.

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University of Lille Nord de France

The University of Lille Nord de France (Université Lille Nord de France) is a French Groups of Universities and Institutions (COMUE) spread over multiple campuses and centered in Lille.

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University of the Littoral Opal Coast

University of the Littoral Opal Coast (Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale), also known as ULCO, is a French university, based in Boulogne, Calais, Dunkirk (Dunkerque) and Saint Omer.

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US Boulogne

Union Sportive de Boulogne-sur-Mer Côte d'Opale (commonly referred to as US Boulogne or simply Boulogne) is a French association football club based in the commune of Boulogne-sur-Mer.

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Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Vieux-Boulogne (also known as Sablé du Boulonnais) is an unpasteurized, unpressed cow's-milk cheese made in the Pas-de-Calais département around the town of Boulogne-sur-Mer in France.

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Vindobona (from Gaulish windo- "white" and bona "base/bottom") was a Roman military camp on the site of the modern city of Vienna in Austria.

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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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Welsh rarebit

Welsh rarebit (spelling based on folk etymology) or Welsh rabbit (original spelling) is a dish made with a savoury sauce of melted cheese and various other ingredients and served hot, after being poured over slices (or other pieces) of toasted bread, or the hot cheese sauce may be served in a chafing dish like a fondue, accompanied by sliced, toasted bread.

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William the Conqueror

William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.

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Wimereux is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Wissant (from Dutch "wit zand"; equal to English "white sand") is a seaside commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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World Esperanto Congress

The World Esperanto Congress (Universala Kongreso de Esperanto, UK) is an annual Esperanto convention.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Zosimus (Ζώσιμος; also known by the Latin name Zosimus Historicus, i.e. "Zosimus the Historian"; fl. 490s–510s) was a Greek historian who lived in Constantinople during the reign of the Eastern Roman Emperor Anastasius I (491–518).

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Zweibrücken (Deux-Ponts, Palatinate German: Zweebrigge) is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Schwarzbach river.

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2nd Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 2nd Panzer Division (2nd Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II.

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3rd Canadian Division

The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.

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Redirects here:

Bolougne, Boulogne, Boulogne sur Mer, Boulogne sur mer, Boulogne-Sur-Mer, Boulogne-on-Mer, Boulognes-sur-mer, Gesoriacum, History of Boulogne-sur-Mer.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boulogne-sur-Mer

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