215 relations: Abydosaurus, Actinopterygii, Africa, Air sac, Albert-Félix de Lapparent, Albian, Algeria, Allometry, Allosaurus, Anatomical terms of location, Ancient Greek, Antorbital fenestra, Apatosaurus, Araucaria, Argentinosaurus, Articular processes, Asteroid, Asteroid belt, Astrodon, Atlantosaurus, Autapomorphy, Barosaurus, Basal metabolic rate, Bivalvia, Bothriospondylus, Brachiosauridae, Brachyphyllum, Brontosaurus, Browsing (herbivory), Calorie, Camarasaurus, Camptosaurus, Caudofemoralis, Cedarosaurus, Ceratosaurus, Cervical rib, Cetiosaurus, Chevron (anatomy), Chicago, Chlorophyta, Clade, Cladistics, Colorado, Colorado River, Condyle (anatomy), Coracoid, Crocodylomorpha, Cycad, Dental alveolus, Denticle (tooth feature), ..., Denver Museum of Nature and Science, Dinodocus, Dinosaur, Diplodocid, Diplodocoidea, Diplodocus, Diverticulum, Dorsetochelys, Draconyx, Dry Mesa Quarry, Dry season, Dryosaurus, Early Cretaceous, Ecosystem, Ectotherm, Elmer S. Riggs, Endothermic process, Eocene, Equisetum, Europasaurus, Europe, Femur, Fern, Fibula, Field Museum of Natural History, Floodplain, Food chain, Forage, Foramen, Fossa (anatomy), Fossil collecting, Fourth trochanter, Frog, Frontal bone, Fruita, Colorado, Fungus, Gallery forest, Garden Park, Colorado, Gargoyleosaurus, Genus, German East Africa, Ginkgo, Giraffatitan, Grand Junction, Colorado, Gregory S. Paul, Habitat, Haplocanthosaurus, Harpactognathus, Holotype, Homeothermy, Hoplosuchus, Humerus, Hyposphene-hypantrum articulation, Ilium (bone), Infraorbital foramen, Interdental plate, Ischium, James A. Jensen, Journal of Natural History, Jurassic, Jurassic Park (film), Juvenile (organism), Kem Kem Beds, Kenneth Carpenter, Koparion, Late Jurassic, Latin, Lawrence Witmer, List of Star Wars creatures, Lizard, Lusotitan, Macronaria, Mammal, Mandibular symphysis, Maxilla, Meckelian groove, Mesadactylus, Metacarpal bones, Metatarsal bones, Michael P. Taylor, Monograph, Morrison Formation, Moss, NASA, National Museum of Natural History, Natural History Museum, Berlin, Natural History Museum, London, Neosauropoda, Niche differentiation, Nomen dubium, North America, Nutrient artery, O'Hare International Airport, Occipital condyles, Ontogeny, Orbit (anatomy), Ornithischia, Ornitholestes, Othniel Charles Marsh, Othnielia, Parietal bone, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Pelorosaurus, Phalanx bone, Pinophyta, Polyphyodont, Postcrania, Premaxilla, Proboscis, Process (anatomy), Pterosaur, Pubis (bone), Public relations, Qiaowanlong, Rhynchocephalia, Sacrum, Sahara, Salamander, Sandstone, Sauropoda, Sauroposeidon, Savanna, Scapula, Scapulocoracoid, Semi-arid climate, Sequoiadendron, Shunosaurus, Skull, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Snail, Star Wars (film), Stegosaurus, Stokesosaurus, Subgenus, Supersaurus, Suture (anatomy), Tanzania, Taxon, Tazoudasaurus, Tendaguru Formation, The Science of Nature, Titanosaur, Tooth enamel, Tooth eruption, Torvosaurus, Tree fern, Trophic level, Turtle, Type (biology), Type species, Ultrasaurus, United Airlines, United States, Venenosaurus, Vertebra, Vertebrate, Walking with Dinosaurs, Warm-blooded, Werner Janensch, Wet season, World War II, World's Columbian Exposition, Wyoming, 1900 in paleontology, 1903 in paleontology. Expand index (165 more) » « Shrink index
Abydosaurus (meaning "Abydos lizard") is a genus of brachiosaurid sauropod dinosaur known from skull and postcranial material found in upper Lower Cretaceous rocks of northeastern Utah, United States.
Actinopterygii, or the ray-finned fishes, constitute a class or subclass of the bony fishes.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Air sacs are spaces within an organism where there is the constant presence of air.
Albert-Félix de Lapparent (1905–1975) was a French palaeontologist.
The Albian is both an age of the geologic timescale and a stage in the stratigraphic column.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
Allometry is the study of the relationship of body size to shape, anatomy, physiology and finally behaviour, first outlined by Otto Snell in 1892, by D'Arcy Thompson in 1917 in On Growth and Form and by Julian Huxley in 1932.
Allosaurus is a genus of carnivorous theropod dinosaur that lived 155 to 150 million years ago during the late Jurassic period (Kimmeridgian to early TithonianTurner, C.E. and Peterson, F., (1999). "Biostratigraphy of dinosaurs in the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of the Western Interior, U.S.A." Pp. 77–114 in Gillette, D.D. (ed.), Vertebrate Paleontology in Utah. Utah Geological Survey Miscellaneous Publication 99-1.). The name "Allosaurus" means "different lizard" alluding to its unique concave vertebrae (at the time of its discovery).
Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
An antorbital fenestra (plural: fenestrae) is an opening in the skull that is in front of the eye sockets.
Apatosaurus (meaning "deceptive lizard") is a genus of herbivorous sauropod dinosaur that lived in North America during the Late Jurassic period.
Araucaria (original pronunciation) is a genus of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Araucariaceae.
Argentinosaurus (meaning "Argentine lizard") is a genus of titanosaur sauropod dinosaur first discovered by Guillermo Heredia in Argentina.
The articular processes or zygapophyses (Greek ζυγον.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
The asteroid belt is the circumstellar disc in the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter.
Astrodon (aster: star, odon: tooth) is a genus of large herbivorous sauropod dinosaur, related to Brachiosaurus, that lived in what is now the eastern United States during the Early Cretaceous period.
Atlantosaurus (meaning "Atlas lizard") is a dubious genus of sauropod dinosaur.
In phylogenetics, an autapomorphy is a distinctive feature, known as a derived trait, that is unique to a given taxon.
Barosaurus was a giant, long-tailed, long-necked, plant-eating dinosaur closely related to the more familiar Diplodocus.
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest.
Bivalvia, in previous centuries referred to as the Lamellibranchiata and Pelecypoda, is a class of marine and freshwater molluscs that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts.
Bothriospondylus ("excavated vertebra") is a dubious genus of sauropod dinosaur.
The Brachiosauridae ("arm lizards", from Greek brachion (βραχίων).
Brachyphyllum is an extinct genus of plants belonging to the family Araucariaceae.
Brontosaurus, meaning "thunder lizard" (from Greek βροντή, brontē.
Browsing is a type of herbivory in which a herbivore (or, more narrowly defined, a folivore) feeds on leaves, soft shoots, or fruits of high-growing, generally woody, plants such as shrubs.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
Camarasaurus was a genus of quadrupedal, herbivorous dinosaurs.
Camptosaurus is a genus of plant-eating, beaked ornithischian dinosaurs of the Late Jurassic period of western North America.
The caudofemoralis (from the Latin cauda, tail and femur, thighbone) is a muscle found in the pelvic limb of mostly all animals possessing a tail.
Cedarosaurus (meaning "Cedar lizard" - named after the Cedar Mountain Formation, in which it was discovered) was a nasal-crested macronarian dinosaur genus from the Early Cretaceous Period (Barremian).
Ceratosaurus (from Greek κέρας/κέρατος, keras/keratos meaning "horn" and σαῦρος/sauros meaning "lizard") was a predatory theropod dinosaur in the Late Jurassic Period (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian).
A cervical rib in humans is an extra rib which arises from the seventh cervical vertebra.
Cetiosaurus (SEET-ee-oh-sawr-us) meaning 'whale lizard', from the Greek keteios/κήτειος meaning 'sea monster' (later, 'whale') and sauros/σαυρος meaning 'lizard', is a herbivorous sauropod dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic Period, living about 167 million years ago in what is now Europe.
A chevron is one of a series of bones on the ventral (under) side of the tail in many reptiles, including dinosaurs (such as Diplodocus; see picture), and some mammals such as kangaroos and manatees.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chlorophyta is a division of green algae, informally called chlorophytes.
A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".
Cladistics (from Greek κλάδος, cládos, i.e., "branch") is an approach to biological classification in which organisms are categorized in groups ("clades") based on the most recent common ancestor.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
The Colorado River is one of the principal rivers of the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico (the other being the Rio Grande).
A condyle (or; condylus, from kondylos; κόνδυλος knuckle) is the round prominence at the end of a bone, most often part of a joint - an articulation with another bone.
A coracoid is a paired bone which is part of the shoulder assembly in all vertebrates except therian mammals (therians.
Crocodylomorpha is a group of archosaurs that includes the crocodilians and their extinct relatives.
Cycads are seed plants with a long fossil history that were formerly more abundant and more diverse than they are today.
Dental alveoli (singular alveolus) are sockets in the jaws in which the roots of teeth are held in the alveolar process with the periodontal ligament.
Denticles, also called serrations, are small bumps on a tooth that serve to give the tooth a serrated edge.
The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is a municipal natural history and science museum in Denver, Colorado.
Dinodocus (meaning "terrible beam") is the name of a genus of sauropod dinosaur, named by Richard Owen in 1884.
Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.
Diplodocids, or members of the family Diplodocidae ("double beams"), are a group of sauropod dinosaurs.
Diplodocoidea is a superfamily of sauropod dinosaurs, which included some of the longest animals of all time, including slender giants like Supersaurus, Diplodocus, Apatosaurus, and Amphicoelias.
Diplodocus is an extinct genus of diplodocid sauropod dinosaurs whose fossils were first discovered in 1877 by S. W. Williston.
A diverticulum (plural: diverticula) is the medical or biological term for an outpouching of a hollow (or a fluid-filled) structure in the body.
Dorsetochelys is an extinct genus of turtle from the Early Cretaceous of southern England and northwestern Germany.
Draconyx (meaning "dragon claw") is a genus of dinosaur from the Late Jurassic.
The Dry Mesa Dinosaur Quarry is situated in southwestern Colorado, United States, near the town of Delta.
The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.
Dryosaurus (meaning 'tree lizard', Greek δρυς/drys meaning 'tree, oak' and σαυρος/sauros meaning 'lizard'; the name reflects the forested habitat, not a vague oak-leaf shape of its cheek teeth as is sometimes assumed) is a genus of an ornithopod dinosaur that lived in the Late Jurassic period.
The Early Cretaceous/Middle Cretaceous (geochronological name) or the Lower Cretaceous (chronostratigraphic name), is the earlier or lower of the two major divisions of the Cretaceous.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
An ectotherm (from the Greek ἐκτός (ektós) "outside" and θερμός (thermós) "hot"), is an organism in which internal physiological sources of heat are of relatively small or quite negligible importance in controlling body temperature.
Elmer Samuel Riggs (January 23, 1869 – March 25, 1963), an American paleontologist, was known for his work with the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, Illinois.
The term endothermic process describes the process or reaction in which the system absorbs energy from its surroundings, usually in the form of heat.
The Eocene Epoch, lasting from, is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Paleogene Period in the Cenozoic Era.
Equisetum (horsetail, snake grass, puzzlegrass) is the only living genus in Equisetaceae, a family of vascular plants that reproduce by spores rather than seeds.
Europasaurus is a basal macronarian sauropod, a form of quadrupedal herbivorous dinosaur.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The femur (pl. femurs or femora) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles including lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.
A fern is a member of a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers.
The fibula or calf bone is a leg bone located on the lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below.
The Field Museum of Natural History, also known as The Field Museum, is a natural history museum in the city of Chicago, and is one of the largest such museums in the world.
A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls, and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.
A food chain is a linear network of links in a food web starting from producer organisms (such as grass or trees which use radiation from the Sun to make their food) and ending at apex predator species (like grizzly bears or killer whales), detritivores (like earthworms or woodlice), or decomposer species (such as fungi or bacteria).
Forage is a plant material (mainly plant leaves and stems) eaten by grazing livestock.
In anatomy, a foramen (pl. foramina) is any opening.
In anatomy, a fossa (plural fossae; from the Latin "fossa", ditch or trench) is a depression or hollow, usually in a bone, such as the hypophyseal fossa (the depression in the sphenoid bone).
Fossil collecting (some times, in a non-scientific sense, fossil hunting) is the collection of fossils for scientific study, hobby, or profit.
The fourth trochanter is a shared characteristic common to archosaurs.
A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura (Ancient Greek ἀν-, without + οὐρά, tail).
The frontal bone is a bone in the human skull.
The City of Fruita (pronounced /ˈfruːtə/) is a Home Rule Municipality located in western Mesa County, Colorado, United States.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Gallery forests are forests that form as corridors along rivers or wetlands and project into landscapes that are otherwise only sparsely treed such as savannas, grasslands, or deserts.
Garden Park, in southcentral Colorado, is known for its Jurassic dinosaurs and the role the specimens played in the infamous bone wars of the late 19th century.
Gargoyleosaurus (meaning "gargoyle lizard") is one of the earliest ankylosaurs known from reasonably complete fossil remains.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
Ginkgo is a genus of highly unusual non-flowering plants.
Giraffatitan, meaning "giant giraffe", is a genus of sauropod dinosaur that lived during the late Jurassic Period (Kimmeridgian–Tithonian stages).
The city of Grand Junction is the home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Mesa County, Colorado, United States.
Gregory Scott Paul (born December 24, 1954) is an American freelance researcher, author and illustrator who works in paleontology, and more recently has examined sociology and theology.
In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.
Haplocanthosaurus (meaning "simple spined lizard") is a genus of sauropod dinosaur.
Harpactognathus (meaning "seizing/grasping jaw") was a genus of pterosaur found in the Late Jurassic-age Morrison Formation of Albany County, Wyoming, United States.
A holotype is a single physical example (or illustration) of an organism, known to have been used when the species (or lower-ranked taxon) was formally described.
Homeothermy or homothermy is thermoregulation that maintains a stable internal body temperature regardless of external influence.
Hoplosuchus is a genus of crocodylomorph belonging to Protosuchidae.
The humerus (plural: humeri) is a long bone in the arm or forelimb that runs from the shoulder to the elbow.
The hyposphene-hypantrum articulation is an accessory joint found in the vertebrae of several fossil reptiles of the group Archosauromorpha.
The ilium (plural ilia) is the uppermost and largest part of the hip bone, and appears in most vertebrates including mammals and birds, but not bony fish.
In human anatomy, the infraorbital foramen is an opening in the maxillary bone of the skull located below the infraorbital margin of the orbit.
The interdental plate refers to the bone-filled mesial-distal region between the teeth.
The ischium forms the lower and back part of the hip bone (os coxae).
James Alvin Jensen (August 2, 1918 – December 14, 1998), was an American paleontologist.
The Journal of Natural History is a scientific journal published by Taylor & Francis focusing on entomology and zoology.
The Jurassic (from Jura Mountains) was a geologic period and system that spanned 56 million years from the end of the Triassic Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Cretaceous Period Mya.
Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science-fiction adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and produced by Kathleen Kennedy and Gerald R. Molen.
A juvenile is an individual organism that has not yet reached its adult form, sexual maturity or size.
The Kem Kem Beds (also referred to by various names including the Continental Red Beds and Continental intercalaireMichard, A. (2008). Continental evolution: the geology of Morocco: structure, stratigraphy, and tectonics of the Africa-Atlantic-Mediterranean Triple junction. Published by Springer, 2008. 424 pages.) is a geological formation along the border between Morocco and Algeria in southeastern Morocco, whose strata date back to the Late Cretaceous.
Kenneth Carpenter (born September 21, 1949 in Tokyo, Japan) is a paleontologist.
Koparion is a genus of small coelurosaurian theropod dinosaurs (probably troodontids), from the late Jurassic Period (Kimmeridgian stage), of Utah.
The Late Jurassic is the third epoch of the Jurassic period, and it spans the geologic time from 163.5 ± 1.0 to 145.0 ± 0.8 million years ago (Ma), which is preserved in Upper Jurassic strata.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lawrence Witmer is an American paleontologist.
This is a list of creatures in the fictional Star Wars universe.
Lizards are a widespread group of squamate reptiles, with over 6,000 species, ranging across all continents except Antarctica, as well as most oceanic island chains.
Lusotitan is a genus of herbivorous brachiosaurid sauropod dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Period of Portugal.
Macronaria is a clade of the "suborder" (more likely an unranked clade than a suborder)Weishampel, D.B., Dodson, P., and Osmólska, H. (eds.). (2004).
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
In the facial skeleton of the skull the external surface of the mandible is marked in the median line by a faint ridge, indicating the mandibular symphysis, or symphysis menti, or line of junction where the two lateral halves of the mandible fused at an early period of life.
The maxilla (plural: maxillae) in animals is the upper jawbone formed from the fusion of two maxillary bones.
The Meckelian groove (or Meckel's groove, Meckelian fossa, or Meckelian foramen, or Meckelian canal) is an opening in the medial (inner) surface of the mandible (lower jaw) which exposes the Meckelian cartilage.
Mesadactylus ('mesa finger') is an extinct genus of pterosaur from the Kimmeridgian-Tithonian-age Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Colorado, United States.
In human anatomy, the metacarpal bones or metacarpus, form the intermediate part of the skeletal hand located between the phalanges of the fingers and the carpal bones of the wrist which forms the connection to the forearm.
The metatarsal bones, or metatarsus are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes.
Michael P. Taylor (born March 12, 1968) is a British computer programmer with a Ph.D in palaeontology.
A monograph is a specialist work of writing (in contrast to reference works) on a single subject or an aspect of a subject, often by a single author, and usually on a scholarly subject.
The Morrison Formation is a distinctive sequence of Upper Jurassic sedimentary rock found in the western United States which has been the most fertile source of dinosaur fossils in North America.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Museum of Natural History is a natural-history museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., United States.
The Natural History Museum (in German: Museum für Naturkunde) is a natural history museum located in Berlin, Germany.
The Natural History Museum in London is a natural history museum that exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.
Neosauropoda is a monophyletic clade within Dinosauria, coined in 1986 by Argentine paleontologist José Bonaparte and currently described as Saltasaurus loricatus, Diplodocus longus, and all animals directly descended from their most recent common ancestor.
The term niche differentiation (synonymous with niche segregation, niche separation and niche partitioning), as it applies to the field of ecology, refers to the process by which competing species use the environment differently in a way that helps them to coexist.
In zoological nomenclature, a nomen dubium (Latin for "doubtful name", plural nomina dubia) is a scientific name that is of unknown or doubtful application.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The nutrient artery (arteria nutricia) or medullary, usually accompanied by one or two veins, enters the bone through the nutrient foramen, runs obliquely through the cortex, sends branches upward and downward to the bone marrow, which ramify in the endosteum – the vascular membrane lining the medullary cavity, and give twigs to the adjoining canals.
O'Hare International Airport, usually referred to as O'Hare Airport, Chicago O'Hare, or simply O'Hare, is an international airport located on the far Northwest Side of Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop business district, operated by the Chicago Department of Aviation and covering.
The occipital condyles are undersurface protuberances of the occipital bone in vertebrates, which function in articulation with the superior facets of the atlas vertebra.
Ontogeny (also ontogenesis or morphogenesis) is the origination and development of an organism, usually from the time of fertilization of the egg to the organism's mature form—although the term can be used to refer to the study of the entirety of an organism's lifespan.
In anatomy, the orbit is the cavity or socket of the skull in which the eye and its appendages are situated.
Ornithischia is an extinct clade of mainly herbivorous dinosaurs characterized by a pelvic structure similar to that of birds.
Ornitholestes (meaning "bird robber") is a small theropod dinosaur of the late Jurassic (Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation, middle Kimmeridgian age, about 154 million years agoTurner, C.E. and Peterson, F., (1999). "Biostratigraphy of dinosaurs in the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of the Western Interior, U.S.A." Pp. 77–114 in Gillette, D.D. (ed.), Vertebrate Paleontology in Utah. Utah Geological Survey Miscellaneous Publication 99-1.) of Western Laurasia (the area that was to become North America).
Othniel Charles Marsh (October 29, 1831 – March 18, 1899) was an American paleontologist.
Othnielia is a dubious genus of ornithischian dinosaur, named after its original describer, Professor Othniel Charles Marsh, an American paleontologist of the 19th century.
The parietal bones are two bones in the human skull which, when joined together at a fibrous joint, form the sides and roof of the cranium.
The Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale University is among the oldest, largest, and most prolific university natural history museums in the world.
Pelorosaurus (meaning "monstrous lizard") is the generic name of a sauropod dinosaur.
The phalanges (singular: phalanx) are digital bones in the hands and feet of most vertebrates.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
A polyphyodont is any animal whose teeth are continually replaced.
Postcrania (postcranium, adjective: postcranial) in zoology and vertebrate paleontology refers to all or part of the skeleton apart from the skull.
The premaxilla (or praemaxilla) is one of a pair of small cranial bones at the very tip of the upper jaw of many animals, usually, but not always, bearing teeth.
A proboscis is an elongated appendage from the head of an animal, either a vertebrate or an invertebrate.
In anatomy, a process (processus) is a projection or outgrowth of tissue from a larger body.
Pterosaurs (from the Greek πτερόσαυρος,, meaning "winged lizard") were flying reptiles of the extinct clade or order Pterosauria.
In vertebrates, the pubic bone is the ventral and anterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
Qiaowanlong is a genus of sauropod dinosaur.
Rhynchocephalia is an order of lizard-like reptiles that includes only one living species of tuatara, which in turn has two subspecies (Sphenodon punctatus punctatus and Sphenodon punctatus guntheri), which only inhabit parts of New Zealand.
The sacrum (or; plural: sacra or sacrums) in human anatomy is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine, that forms by the fusing of sacral vertebrae S1S5 between 18 and 30years of age.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
Salamanders are a group of amphibians typically characterized by a lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, blunt snouts, short limbs projecting at right angles to the body, and the presence of a tail in both larvae and adults.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
Sauropoda, or the sauropods (sauro- + -pod, "lizard-footed"), are a clade of saurischian ("lizard-hipped") dinosaurs.
Sauroposeidon (meaning "lizard earthquake god", after the Greek god Poseidon) is a genus of sauropod dinosaur known from several incomplete specimens including a bone bed and fossilized trackways that have been found in the American states of Oklahoma, Wyoming, and Texas.
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone).
The scapulocoracoid is the unit of the pectoral girdle that contains the coracoid and scapula.
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
Sequoiadendron is a genus of evergreen trees, with two species, only one of which survives to the present.
Shunosaurus, meaning "Shu Lizard", is a genus of sauropod dinosaur from Middle Jurassic (Bathonian–Callovian) beds in Sichuan Province in China, approximately 170 million years ago.
The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in vertebrates.
The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) is a research institute of the Smithsonian Institution headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where it is joined with the Harvard College Observatory (HCO) to form the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA).
Snail is a common name loosely applied to shelled gastropods.
Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
Stegosaurus, from Greek stegos (στέγος) which means roof and sauros (σαῦρος) which means lizard (Στεγόσαυρος), is a genus of herbivorous thyreophoran dinosaur.
Stokesosaurus (meaning "Stokes' lizard") is a genus of small (around three to four meters (10–13 ft) in length), carnivorous early tyrannosauroid theropod dinosaurs from the late Jurassic period of Utah.
In biology, a subgenus (plural: subgenera) is a taxonomic rank directly below genus.
Supersaurus (meaning "super lizard") is a genus of diplodocid sauropod dinosaur first discovered by Vivian Jones of Delta, Colorado, in late Jurassic period rocks of the middle Morrison Formation of Colorado in 1972, and later in Portugal under the name S. lourinhanensis.
In anatomy, a suture is a fairly rigid joint between two or more hard elements of an organism, with or without significant overlap of the elements.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
Tazoudasaurus is a genus of vulcanodontid sauropod dinosaurs hailing from the Early Jurassic Toundoute overthrust beds located in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco in North Africa.
The Tendaguru Formation, or Tendaguru Beds are a fossil-rich formation in Tanzania.
The Science of Nature, formerly Naturwissenschaften, is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer Science+Business Media covering all aspects of the natural sciences relating to questions of biological significance.
Titanosaurs (members of the group Titanosauria) were a diverse group of sauropod dinosaurs which included Saltasaurus and Isisaurus.
Tooth enamel is one of the four major tissues that make up the tooth in humans and many other animals, including some species of fish.
Tooth eruption is a process in tooth development in which the teeth enter the mouth and become visible.
Torvosaurus is a genus of carnivorous megalosaurid theropod dinosaurs that lived approximately 153 to 148 million years ago during the later part of the Jurassic Period in what is now Colorado and Portugal.
The tree ferns are the ferns that grow with a trunk elevating the fronds above ground level.
The trophic level of an organism is the position it occupies in a food chain.
Turtles are diapsids of the order Testudines (or Chelonii) characterized by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs and acting as a shield.
In biology, a type is a particular specimen (or in some cases a group of specimens) of an organism to which the scientific name of that organism is formally attached.
In zoological nomenclature, a type species (species typica) is the species name with which the name of a genus or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological type specimen(s).
Ultrasaurus is a genus of sauropod dinosaur discovered by Haang Mook Kim in South Korea.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Venenosaurus was a sauropod dinosaur, named after the Poison Strip Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation in Utah, United States, where the fossils were discovered by a Denver Museum of Natural History volunteer Tony DiCroce in 1998.
In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
Walking with Dinosaurs is a six-part documentary television miniseries created by Tim Haines and produced by BBC Natural History Unit.
Warm-blooded animal species can maintain a body temperature higher than their environment.
Werner Ernst Martin Janensch (Herzberg (Elster), 11 November 1878 – Berlin, 20 October 1969) was a German paleontologist and geologist.
The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World's Columbian Exposition (the official shortened name for the World's Fair: Columbian Exposition, also known as the Chicago World's Fair and Chicago Columbian Exposition) was a world's fair held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World in 1492.
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.
Category:1900 in paleontology.
Data coutersy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.