76 relations: Aeronautics, Aircraft, Aircraft fairing, Airfoil, Airframe, Albatros B.I, Angle of incidence (aerodynamics), Ansaldo SVA, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), Auster AOP.9, Auster Autocrat, Balloon (aeronautics), Bamboo, Biplane, Blériot XI, Boeing-Stearman Model 75, Box girder, Bracing (aeronautics), Bristol F.2 Fighter, Cantilever, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Cessna 152, Charles Richard Fairey, Chord (aeronautics), Closed wing, Compression (physics), Consolidated PBY Catalina, Curtiss JN-4, De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter, DFW B.I, Dihedral (aeronautics), Drag (physics), Duralumin, Farman F.190, Fiat CR.42, Fixed-wing aircraft, Fleet Canuck, Flexible wing, Flight International, Fokker D.VII, Fokker Dr.I, Fokker Eindecker fighters, Fraxinus, Girder, Inclinometer, Inertia, J. W. Dunne, Junkers J 1, King post, Light-sport aircraft, ..., Monoplane, Multiplane (aeronautics), National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom), Nieuport 10, Piano wire, Pilatus PC-6 Porter, Piper PA-25 Pawnee, Plumb bob, Remos GX, Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer, Skyeton K-10 Swift, Sopwith 1½ Strutter, Sopwith Camel, SPAD S.XIII, Spruce, STOL, Strut, SUGAR Volt, Tension (physics), Truss, Turnbuckle, Ultralight aviation, Westland IV, Westland Lysander, Wing warping, Wright Flyer. Expand index (26 more) » « Shrink index
Aeronautics (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An aircraft fairing is a structure whose primary function is to produce a smooth outline and reduce drag.
An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).
The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.
The Albatros B.I was a German military reconnaissance aircraft designed in 1913 and which saw service during World War I.
On fixed-wing aircraft, the angle of incidence (sometimes referred to as the mounting angle) is the angle between the chord line of the wing where the wing is mounted to the fuselage, and a reference axis along the fuselage (often the direction of minimum drag, or where applicable, the longitudinal axis).
The Ansaldo SVA (named for Savoia-Verduzio-Ansaldo) was a family of Italian reconnaissance biplane aircraft of World War I and the decade after.
In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its mean chord.
The Auster AOP.9 was a British military air observation aircraft ("Air Observation Post") produced by Auster Aircraft Limited to replace the Auster AOP.6.
The Auster J/1 Autocrat was a 1940s British single-engined three-seat high-wing touring monoplane built by Auster Aircraft Limited at Rearsby, Leicestershire.
In aeronautics, a balloon is an unpowered aerostat, which remains aloft or floats due to its buoyancy.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
The Blériot XI is a French aircraft of the pioneer era of aviation.
The Stearman (Boeing) Model 75 is a biplane used as a military trainer aircraft, of which at least 10,626 were built in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s.
A box or tubular girder is a girder that forms an enclosed tube with multiple walls, rather than an ibeam or H-beam.
In aeronautics, bracing comprises additional structural members which stiffen the functional airframe to give it rigidity and strength under load.
The Bristol F.2 Fighter was a British two-seat biplane fighter and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War developed by Frank Barnwell at the Bristol Aeroplane Company.
A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
The Cessna 152 is an American two-seat, fixed tricycle gear, general aviation airplane, used primarily for flight training and personal use.
Sir Charles Richard Fairey MBE, also known as Richard Fairey FRAeS (5 May 1887 – 30 September 1956) was an English aircraft manufacturer.
In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.
A closed wing is a non-planar wing that closes back on itself, so that there are no wing tips.
In mechanics, compression is the application of balanced inward ("pushing") forces to different points on a material or structure, that is, forces with no net sum or torque directed so as to reduce its size in one or more directions.
The Consolidated PBY Catalina, also known as the Canso in Canadian service, is an American flying boat, and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft.
The Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" was one of a series of "JN" biplanes built by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York, later the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.
The de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter, currently marketed as the Viking Air DHC-6 Twin Otter, is a Canadian 19-passenger STOL (Short Takeoff and Landing) utility aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada and currently produced by Viking Air.
The DFW B.I (factory designation MD 14), was one of the earliest German aircraft to see service during World War I, and one of the numerous "B-class" unarmed, two-seat observation biplanes of the German military in 1914, but with a distinctive appearance that differentiated it from contemporaries.
Dihedral angle is the upward angle from horizontal of the wings or tailplane of a fixed-wing aircraft.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
Duralumin (also called duraluminum, duraluminium, duralum, dural(l)ium, or dural) is a trade name for one of the earliest types of age-hardenable aluminium alloys.
The Farman F.190 was a utility aircraft built in France in the 1920s and 1930s.
The Fiat CR.42 Falco ("Falcon", plural: Falchi) was a single-seat sesquiplane fighter developed and produced by Italian aircraft manufacturer Fiat Aviazione.
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
The Fleet Model 80 Canuck is a Canadian light aircraft featuring two seats in side-by-side configuration.
In aeronautics, a flexible wing is an airfoil or aircraft wing which can deform in flight.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker Dr.I (Dreidecker, "triplane" in German), often known simply as the Fokker Triplane, was a World War I fighter aircraft built by Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker Eindecker fighters were a series of German World War I monoplane single-seat fighter aircraft designed by Dutch engineer Anthony Fokker.
Fraxinus, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.
A girder is a support beam used in construction.
An inclinometer or clinometer is an instrument used for measuring angles of slope (or tilt), elevation, or depression of an object with respect to gravity.
Inertia is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its position and state of motion.
John William Dunne FRAeS (1875–1949) was a British soldier, aeronautical engineer and philosopher.
The Junkers J 1, nicknamed the Blechesel ("Tin Donkey" or "Sheet Metal Donkey"), was an experimental monoplane aircraft developed by Junkers & Co.
A king post (or king-post or kingpost) is a central vertical post used in architectural or bridge designs, working in tension to support a beam below from a truss apex above (whereas a crown post, though visually similar, supports items above from the beam below).
A light-sport aircraft, also known as light sport aircraft or LSA, is a small aircraft that is simple to fly and that meets certain regulations set by a national aviation authority restricting weight and performance.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
In aviation, a multiplane is a fixed-wing aircraft-configuration featuring multiple wing planes.
The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is the national measurement standards laboratory for the United Kingdom, based at Bushy Park in Teddington, London, England.
The Nieuport 10 was a French First World War sesquiplane that filled a wide variety of roles including reconnaissance, fighter and trainer.
Piano wire, or "music wire", is a specialized type of wire made for use in piano strings.
The Pilatus PC-6 Porter is a single-engined STOL utility aircraft designed by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland.
The PA-25 Pawnee was an agricultural aircraft produced by Piper Aircraft between 1959 and 1981.
A plumb bob, or plummet, is a weight, usually with a pointed tip on the bottom, suspended from a string and used as a vertical reference line, or plumb-line.
The Remos G3 Mirage and Remos GX are German high wing, two seat, single engine light aircraft, built by Remos AG of Pasewalk.
The Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer was a British STOL transport aircraft built by Scottish Aviation Limited at Prestwick Airport, Scotland, during the 1950s.
The Skyeton K-10 Swift is a two-seat, single-engine light sports or ultralight aircraft designed in Ukraine.
The Sopwith 1½ Strutter was a British single or two-seat multi-role biplane aircraft of the First World War.
The Sopwith Camel was a British First World War single-seat biplane fighter aircraft introduced on the Western Front in 1917.
The SPAD S.XIII was a French biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War, developed by Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) from the earlier and highly successful SPAD S.VII. During early 1917, the French designer Louis Béchereau, spurred by the approaching obsolescence of the S.VII, decided to develop two new fighter aircraft, the S.XII and the S.XIII, both utilizing a powerful new geared version of the successful Hispano-Suiza 8A engine. The cannon armament of the S.XII was unpopular with most pilots, but the S.XIII proved to be one of the most capable fighters of the war, as well as one of the most-produced, with 8,472 built and orders for around 10,000 more cancelled at the Armistice.Sharpe 2000, p. 272. By the end of the First World War, the S.XIII had equipped virtually every fighter squadron of the ''Aéronautique Militaire''. In addition, the United States Army Air Service also procured the type in bulk during the conflict, and some replaced or supplemented S.VIIs in the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), pending the arrival of Sopwith Dolphins. It proved popular with its pilots; numerous aces from various nations flew the S.XIII during their flying careers. Following the signing of the Armistice of 11 November 1918, which effectively marked the end of the First World War, surplus S.XIIIs were sold in great numbers to both civil and military operators throughout the world.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
STOL is an acronym for a short takeoff and landing aircraft, which have short runway requirements for takeoff and landing.
A strut is a structural component commonly found in engineering, aeronautics, architecture and anatomy.
SUGAR Volt is a hybrid aircraft concept proposed by a team led by Boeing Research & Technology, a division of Boeing.
In physics, tension may be described as the pulling force transmitted axially by the means of a string, cable, chain, or similar one-dimensional continuous object, or by each end of a rod, truss member, or similar three-dimensional object; tension might also be described as the action-reaction pair of forces acting at each end of said elements.
In engineering, a truss is a structure that "consists of two-force members only, where the members are organized so that the assemblage as a whole behaves as a single object".
A turnbuckle, stretching screw or bottlescrew is a device for adjusting the tension or length of ropes, cables, tie rods, and other tensioning systems.
Ultralight aviation (called microlight aviation in some countries) is the flying of lightweight, 1- or 2-seat fixed-wing aircraft.
The Westland IV and Westland Wessex were high wing, three-engined light transport aircraft built by Westland Aircraft.
The Westland Lysander (nickname the "Lizzie") is a British army co-operation and liaison aircraft produced by Westland Aircraft used immediately before and during the Second World War.
Wing warping was an early system for lateral (roll) control of a fixed-wing aircraft.
The Wright Flyer (often retrospectively referred to as Flyer I or 1903 Flyer) was the first successful heavier-than-air powered aircraft.
Braced wing, Bracing strut, Cabane strut, Cabane struts, Flying wire, Flying wires, Inter-plane strut, Inter-plane struts, Interplane strut, Interplane struts, Jury Strut, Jury Struts, Jury strut, Jury struts, Landing wires, Lift strut, Lift struts, Lift wires, Strut-braced, Wing bracing, Wing struts, Wire-braced.