397 relations: Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras, Acre (state), Acre War, Agrale Marruá, Air assault, Air marshal, Airborne forces, Alagoas, Amapá, Amazon basin, Amazon Military Command, Amazon rainforest, Amazonas (Brazilian state), André Vidal de Negreiros, Angola, António Filipe Camarão, Anti-aircraft warfare, Aquidabán River, Araguaia Guerrilla War, Araguaia River, Argentina, Armed Forces of the Empire of Brazil, Armoured cavalry, Army, Army general, Army Police (Brazil), Artillery, Artur da Costa e Silva, Astros II MLRS, AT4, Bahia, Balaiada, Battle of Acosta Ñu, Battle of Avay, Battle of Caseros, Battle of Cerro Corá, Battle of Collecchio, Battle of Estero Bellaco, Battle of Guararapes, Battle of Ituzaingó, Battle of Jenipapo, Battle of Lomas Valentinas, Battle of Monte Castello, Battle of Pirajá, Battle of Piribebuy, Battle of Rio de Janeiro, Battle of Rio de Janeiro (1558), Battle of Rio de Janeiro (1710), Battle of Tatayibá, Battle of Tuyutí, ..., Battle of Yatay, Battle of 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The Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras (English: Agulhas Negras Military Academy - named after the Agulhas Negras summit; AMAN) is the biggest among several schools of formation of combatant officers of the Brazilian Army.
Acre is a state located in the northern region of Brazil.
The Acre War, known in Brazil as Acrean Revolution ("Revolução Acreana" in Portuguese) and in Spanish as La Guerra del Acre ("The War of the Acre") was a border conflict between Bolivia and the First Brazilian Republic over the Acre Region, which was rich in rubber and gold deposits.
The Marruá ("Wild Bull") is a family of four-by-four wheeled transport and utility vehicles, built by Agrale in Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Air assault is the movement of ground-based military forces by vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft—such as the helicopter—to seize and hold key terrain which has not been fully secured, and to directly engage enemy forces behind enemy lines.
Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
Alagoas is one of the 27 states of Brazil and is situated in the eastern part of the Northeast Region.
Amapá is a state located in the northern region of Brazil.
The Amazon basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries.
The Amazon Military Command is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army.
The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; Forêt amazonienne; Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.
Amazonas is a state of Brazil, located in the North Region in the northwestern corner of the country.
André Vidal de Negreiros (1606 - February 3, 1680) was a Portuguese colonial governor and military man born in the then colony of Brazil, known mainly for being one of the leaders of the Pernambucan Insurrection, also known has the War of Divine Light, against Dutch colonization in Brazil (1624-1654).
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
António Filipe Camarão (c. 1580 – August 24, 1648) was an indigenous Brazilian from the tribe of the Potiguara near the Rio Grande do Norte area of the Portuguese colony of Brazil.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
The Aquidabán River (Spanish: Río Aquidabán) is a river in the Amambay Department, in northeastern Paraguay.
The Araguaia guerrilla (Guerrilha do Araguaia) was an armed movement in Brazil against its military dictatorship, active between 1967-1974 in the Araguaia river basin.
The Araguaia River (Rio Araguaia) is one of the major rivers of Brazil, though it is almost equal in volume at its confluence with the Tocantins.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
The Armed Forces of the Empire of Brazil were the overall unified military forces of the Empire of Brazil.
Armoured cavalry (or U.S. armored) began to replace horse cavalry as the reconnaissance arm in most armies after the First World War, although many armies continued to maintain horse cavalry through the end of the Second World War.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
Army general is a title used in many countries to denote the rank of general nominally commanding an army in the field.
The Army Police (Polícia do Exército, PE) are the Military Police of the Brazilian Army.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Artur da Costa e Silva (October 3, 1899 – December 17, 1969) was a Brazilian Army General and the second President of the Brazilian military government that came to power after the 1964 coup d'état.
ASTROS II (Artillery Saturation Rocket System) is a self-propelled multiple rocket launcher produced in Brazil by the Avibras company.
The AT4 (also AT-4) is an 84-mm unguided, portable, single-shot recoilless smoothbore weapon built in Sweden by Saab Bofors Dynamics (previously Bofors Anti-Armour Systems).
Bahia (locally) is one of the 26 states of Brazil and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast.
The Balaiada was a social revolt between 1838 and 1841 in the interior of the Province of Maranhão, Brazil.
The Battle of Acosta Ñu or Campo Grande (Guaraní: Acosta Ñu ñorainõ) was a battle during the Paraguayan War, where, on August 16, 1869, between the Triple Alliance and Paraguay.
The Battle of Avaí was one of the last major combats of the Paraguayan War, fought by the stream of the same name in Paraguayan territory in December 1868 during the Paraguayan War, between the forces the Triple Alliance and the Paraguay.
The Battle of Caseros was fought near the town of Caseros, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, on 3 February 1852, between the Army of Buenos Aires commanded by Juan Manuel de Rosas and the Grand Army (Ejército Grande) led by Justo José de Urquiza.
The Battle of Cerro Corá was fought on 1 March 1870 on a hill-surrounded valley of the same name, in the north-east of Paraguay.
The Battle of Collecchio-Fornovo (26–29 April 1945) was a World War II battle between the 1st Brazilian Expeditionary Division (Força Expedicionária Brasileira – FEB), along with Italian partisans and units from the American 1st Amored and 92nd Infantry Divisions, against the Wehrmachts 148th Reserve, 90th Panzergrenadier Divisions and the fascist National Republican Army's 1st Bersaglieri "Italia" and the 4th Mountain "Monte Rosa" Divisions.
The Battle of Estero Bellaco was one of the bloodiest battles of the Paraguayan War (1865–1870), with the Republic of Argentina, the Empire of Brazil and the Oriental Republic of Uruguay banded together against the Paraguayan government of Marshal Francisco Solano López.
Battle of Guararapes may refer to.
The Battle of Ituzaingó (Passo do Rosário) was fought in vicinity of the Santa Maria River, in a valley of small hills where a stream divided the valley into two. After a two-year series of continuous sundry skirmishes in the Banda Oriental (present-day Uruguay and southern Rio Grande do Sul) and along the border of this country with Brazil, the advancing Argentine Army (including Orientals) engaged in combat with the Brazilian Army.
The Battle of Jenipapo was fought near the river Jenipapo in the then province of Piauí, on 13 March 1823, between the Brazilian Army and the Portuguese Army during the Brazilian War of Independence.
The Battle of Lomas Valentinas (also known as the Battle of Ita Ybate) was fought in the Central Department of Paraguay on December 21–27, 1868.
The Battle of Monte Castello (also called Operation Encore) was an engagement that took place from 25 November 1944 to 21 February 1945 during the Italian campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Pirajá was part of the War of Independence of Brazil, and was fought in the province of Bahia on November 8, 1822.
The Battle of Piribebuy was fought on August 12, 1869 in the Paraguayan town of Piribebuy, which was then serving as a temporary capital of the Paraguayan government.
The Battle of Rio de Janeiro was a raid in September 1711 on the port of Rio de Janeiro in the War of Spanish Succession by a French squadron under René Duguay-Trouin.
The Battle of Rio de Janeiro was a battle in 1558 on the French town at Rio de Janeiro, called Henriville.
The 1710 Battle of Rio de Janeiro was a failed raid by a French privateering fleet on the Portuguese colonial city of Rio de Janeiro in August 1710, during the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Battle of Tatayiba was a cavalry engagement between a Paraguayan force led by future President Bernardino Caballero and a Brazilian force led by the Duke of Caxias.
The Battle of Tuyutí was a Paraguayan offensive in the Paraguayan War targeting the Triple Alliance encampment of Tuyutí.
In the Paraguayan war, the Battle of Yatai was fought on August 17, 1865 between the troops of the Triple Alliance (Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay) and the soldiers of Paraguay near Paso de los Libres, Corrientes, Argentina.
On the morning of December 6, 1868, Marshal of the Brazilian Army, Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Marquis (later Duke) of Caxias, moved with 16,999 infantrymen, 926 cavalrymen and 742 artillerymen, to take Villeta, a Paraguayan city, as a plan to make further attacks on the Paraguayan Army rear.
Belém (Portuguese for Bethlehem), is a Brazilian city, the capital and largest city of the state of Pará in the country's north.
The British BL 6 inch Gun Mk XIXI.e. Mark 19: Britain at the time designated Marks (models) of ordnance using Roman numerals.
--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.
The Bofors 75 mm Model 1934 was a mountain gun produced in Sweden by Bofors and sold abroad widely.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
During World War I (1914–1918), Brazil initially adopted a neutral position, in accordance with the Hague Convention, in an attempt to maintain the markets for its export products, mainly coffee, latex and industrial manufactured items.
The Brazilian Air Force (Força Aérea Brasileira, FAB) is the air branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces and one of the three national uniformed services.
The Brazilian Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Brasileiras) is the unified military organization comprising the Brazilian Army (including the Brazilian Army Aviation), the Brazilian Navy (including the Brazilian Marine Corps and Brazilian Naval Aviation) and the Brazilian Air Force.
The Brazilian Army (Exército Brasileiro) is the land arm of the Brazilian Armed Forces.
The Brazilian Army Aviation Command (Comando de Aviação do Exército) is a component of the Brazilian Army containing the army's helicopter units.
The Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Brasileiro), originally Partido Comunista do Brasil (Communist Party of Brazil) until 1958, is the oldest political party still active in Brazil, founded in 1922.
The Brazilian Expeditionary Force or BEF (Força Expedicionária Brasileira; FEB) consisted of about 25,700 men arranged by the army and air force to fight alongside the Allied forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II.
Brazilian integralism (integralismo) was a fascist political movement in Brazil, created in October 1932.
The Brazilian military government was the authoritarian military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from April 1, 1964 to March 15, 1985.
Brazilian Naval Aviation (Portuguese: Aviação Naval Brasileira; AvN) is the air arm of the Brazilian Navy operating from ships including the aircraft carrier ''São Paulo'' and from shore installations.
The Brazilian Navy (Marinha do Brasil) is the naval service branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces, responsible for conducting naval operations.
The Revolution of 1930, also known as the 1930 coup d'état or coup of 1930 was an armed movement led by the states of Minas Gerais, Paraíba and Rio Grande do Sul, culminating in a coup.
The Brazilian Special Operations Command (Portuguese: Comando de Operações Especiais - C Op Esp) is a part of the Brazilian Army Commands, specifically the Land Army Command.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
Caatinga is a type of desert vegetation, and an ecoregion characterized by this vegetation in interior northeastern Brazil.
Caçapava (pronounced as /ka-sah-pah-vah/) is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil.
The Cabanagem (1835–1840) was a popular revolution and pro-separatist movement that occurred in the then-state of Grão-Pará, Empire of Brazil.
Campinas (Plains or Meadows) is a Brazilian municipality in São Paulo State, part of the country's Southeast Region.
Campo Grande (Great Field) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul in the Center-West region of the country.
The Canet guns were a series of weapon systems developed by the French engineer Gustave Canet (1846–1913), who was design engineer for Schneider et Cie of Le Creusot.
Caparaó National Park (Parque Nacional do Caparaó) is a national park created in 1961 to protect the Caparaó Mountains, located on the border between Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo states in Brazil.
Caseros is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
Cayenne is the capital city of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
The Cayenne Battery (formally, Historical Cayenne Battery – Bateria Histórica Caiena) of the Brazilian Army is one of three military units that comprise the Brazilian president's honor guard, the others being the 1st Guards Cavalry Regiment (1º Regimento de Cavalaria de Guardas – RCG) – "Independence Dragoons" and the Presidential Guard Battalion (Batalhão da Guarda Presidencial – BGP).
Cândido Mariano da Silva Rondon, or Marechal Rondon (5 May 1865 – 19 January 1958) was a Brazilian military officer who is most famous for his exploration of Mato Grosso and the Western Amazon Basin, and his lifelong support of Brazilian indigenous populations.
Ceará (locally in Ceará or in Northeast Region of Brazil the pronunciation is) is one of the 27 states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Atlantic coast.
The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri / Bağlaşma Devletleri; translit), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
Cisplatina Province or Cisplatine Province (Província Cisplatina) was a Brazilian province in existence from 1821 to 1828 created by the Luso-Brazilian annexation of the Oriental Province.
The Cisplatine War, also known as the Argentine-Brazilian War, was an armed conflict over an area known as Banda Oriental or the "Eastern Strip (roughly present-day Uruguay) in the 1820s between the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (as Argentina was then called) and the Empire of Brazil in the aftermath of the United Provinces' independence from Spain.
Cité Soleil (Site Solèy; English: Sun City) is an extremely impoverished and densely populated commune located in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area in Haiti.
The Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro State (Polícia Civil do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, in Portuguese) is the police force responsible for criminal investigations in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
The Communist uprising of 1935, (Portuguese: Intentona Comunista), was a military revolt by leftist low-rank military against Getúlio Vargas' government, in the name of the National Liberation Alliance and with the support of the Brazilian Communist Party, which was back then called the Communist Party of Brazil, the uprising also had the support of the Comintern.
Complexo do Alemão (German's Complex) is a group of favelas (low-income historically informal neighborhoods) in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Confederation of the Equator (Confederação do Equador) was a short-lived rebellion that occurred in the northeastern region of Brazil after that nation's struggle for independence from Portugal.
The Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932 (sometimes also referred to as Paulista War or Brazilian Civil War) is the name given to the uprising of the population of the Brazilian state of São Paulo against the 1930 coup d'état when Getúlio Vargas forcibly assumed the nation's Presidency; Vargas was supported by the military and the political elites of Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Sul and Paraíba.
The Contestado War (Guerra do Contestado), broadly speaking, was a guerrilla war for land between settlers and landowners, the latter supported by the Brazilian state's police and military forces, that lasted from October 1912 to August 1916.
Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations.
Corumbá is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, 425 km northwest of Campo Grande, the state's capital.
A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency (COIN) can be defined as "comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes".
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Cuirassiers were cavalry equipped with armour and firearms, first appearing in late 15th-century Europe.
Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land") is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paraná.
A dissident, broadly defined, is a person who actively challenges an established doctrine, policy, or institution.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Divisional general is a rank of general in command of a division.
The Dodge M37 -ton 4x4 truck (G741) was Dodge's follow-up to their successful WC Series from WWII.
The Dodge WC series was a prolific range of light 4WD and medium 6WD military utility trucks, produced by Dodge / Fargo during War II.
The Dominican Civil War took place between April 24, 1965, and September 3, 1965, in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Dragoons originally were a class of mounted infantry, who used horses for mobility but dismounted to fight on foot.
Duke University Press is an academic publisher of books and journals, and a unit of Duke University.
Dutch Brazil, also known as New Holland, was the northern portion of the Portuguese colony of Brazil, ruled by the Dutch during the Dutch colonization of the Americas between 1630 and 1654.
The Dutch–Portuguese War was an armed conflict involving Dutch forces, in the form of the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company, against the Portuguese Empire.
East Timor or Timor-Leste (Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.
The Eastern Military Command is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army.
economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.
Air Marshal Eduardo Gomes (20 September 1896 – 13 June 1981) was a Brazilian politician and military figure.
The EE-11 Urutu is a Brazilian amphibious armored personnel carrier.
The EE-9 Cascavel (translated to Rattlesnake) is a six-wheeled Brazilian armoured car developed primarily for reconnaissance.
The Engesa EE-T1 Osório was a Brazilian main battle tank prototype.
El País (literally The Country) is the most read newspaper (231,140 printed copies) in Spain and the most circulated daily newspaper (180,765 circulation average), according to data certified by the Office of Justification of Dissemination (OJD) and referring to the period of January 2017 to December 2017.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
In political and sociological theory, the elite (French élite, from Latin eligere) are a small group of powerful people who hold a disproportionate amount of wealth, privilege, political power, or skill in a society.
Elza Cansanção Medeiros, popularly known as Major Elza (October 21, 1921 – December 8, 2009), was a Brazilian Army officer and World War II veteran.
The Encilhamento was an economic bubble that boomed in the late 1880s and early 1890s in Brazil, bursting during the 1st Brazilian military dictatorship (1889-1894), leading to an institutional and a financial crisis.
Engesa – Engenheiros Especializados S/A was a Brazilian company in the agriculture and defense sectors that specialized in producing tactical military trucks, armored fighting vehicles, and civilian Sport utility vehicles.
Equinoctial France (French France équinoxiale) was the contemporary name given to the colonization efforts of France in the 17th century in South America, around the line of Equator, before "tropical" had fully gained its modern meaning: Equinoctial means in Latin "of equal nights", i.e., on the Equator, where the duration of days and nights is nearly the same year round.
Ernesto Beckmann Geisel August 3, 1907 – September 12, 1996) was a Brazilian Army officer and politician, who was President of Brazil from 1974 to 1979, during the Brazilian military government.
Espírito Santo (meaning "Holy Spirit") is a state in southeastern Brazil.
Eurico Gaspar Dutra (May 18, 1883 – June 11, 1974) was a Brazilian military leader and politician who served as 16th President of Brazil from 1946 to 1951.
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) AS350 Écureuil (Squirrel) (now H125) is a single-engine light utility helicopter originally designed and manufactured in France by Aérospatiale and Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters).
The Eurocopter AS532 Cougar (now Airbus Helicopters H215M) is a twin-engine, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter developed by France.
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) AS565 Panther is the military version of the Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin medium-weight multi-purpose twin-engine helicopter.
The Eurocopter EC725 Caracal (also named Super Cougar), now called Airbus Helicopters H225M, is a long-range tactical transport military helicopter developed from the Eurocopter AS532 Cougar for military use.
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) AS550 Fennec and AS555 Fennec 2 are lightweight, multipurpose military helicopters manufactured by Eurocopter Group (now Airbus Helicopters).
Eusebio Ayala is a city and district of the Cordillera Department, Paraguay.
Expeditionary warfare is the deployment of a state's military to fight abroad, especially away from established bases.
The Federal District (Distrito Federal) is one of 27 federative units of Brazil.
The federal government of Brazil is the national government of the Federative Republic of Brazil, a republic in South America divided in 26 states and a federal district.
The Federalist Riograndense Revolution (1893 - 1895) was a civil war which occurred in southern Brazil against the recently-formed Republic.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The First Battle of Guararapes was a battle in a conflict called the Pernambucana Insurrection, between Dutch and Portuguese forces in Pernambuco, in a dispute for the dominion of that part of the Portuguese colony of Brazil.
First sergeant is typically a senior non-commissioned officer rank, used in many countries.
A five-star rank is a very senior military rank, first established in the United States in 1944, with a five-star general insignia, and corresponding ranks in other countries.
The Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard ("anti-aircraft cannon tank Cheetah", better known as the Flakpanzer Gepard) is an all-weather-capable German self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG).
Floriano Vieira Peixoto (30 April 1839 – 29 July 1895), born in Ipioca (today a district of the city of Maceió in the State of Alagoas), nicknamed the "Iron Marshal", was a Brazilian soldier and politician, a veteran of the Paraguayan War, and the second President of Brazil.
Fortaleza (locally, Portuguese for Fortress) is the state capital of Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil.
A four-star rank is the rank of any four-star officer described by the NATO OF-9 code.
Francisco Barreto de Meneses (1616 – 21 January 1688) was a military officer and a colonial administrator in the Portuguese colonies of São Tomé and Príncipe and Brazil.
Francisco Solano López (24 July 1827 – 1 March 1870) was President of Paraguay from 1862 until his death in 1870.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.
Fundação Getulio Vargas (Getúlio Vargas Foundation, often abbreviated as FGV or simply GV) is a Brazilian higher education institution founded on December 20, 1944.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (19 April 1882 – 24 August 1954) was a Brazilian lawyer and politician, who served as President during two periods: the first was from 1930–1945, when he served as interim president from 1930–1934, constitutional president from 1934–1937, and dictator from 1937–1945.
The GMC CCKW also known as "Jimmy" was a 2½-ton 6x6 U.S. Army cargo truck that saw heavy service in both World War II and the Korean War.
Goiás is a state of Brazil, located in the Center-West region of the country. The name Goiás (formerly, Goyaz) comes from the name of an indigenous community. The original word seems to have been guaiá, a compound of gua e iá, meaning "the same person" or "people of the same origin." It borders the Federal District and the states of (from north clockwise) Tocantins, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso. The most populous state of its region, Goiás is characterized by a landscape of chapadões (plateaus). In the height of the drought season, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the Araguaia River go down and exposes almost of beaches, making it the main attraction of the State. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Mineiros, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and flora from the region. At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys, rapids and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás (or Old Goiás), from Goiânia, established in the beginning of 18th Century, and Caldas Novas, with its hot water wells attracting more than one million tourists per year. In Brazil's geoeconomic division, Goiás belongs to the Centro-Sul (Center-South), being the northernmost state of the southern portion of Brazil.
Antônio Ernesto Gomes Carneiro (November 28, 1846 – February 9, 1894) was a Brazilian army officer and veteran on the Brazilian side of the Paraguayan War.
The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Guarani War (Guerra Guaranítica, Guerra Guaranítica) of 1756, also called the War of the Seven Reductions, took place between the Guaraní tribes of seven Jesuit Reductions and joint Spanish-Portuguese forces.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels at the front for steering and continuous tracks at the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
Henrique Batista Duffles Teixeira Lott (November 16, 1894 - May 19, 1984) was a Brazilian military and political figure.
Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca (12 May 1855 – 9 September 1923) was a Brazilian soldier and politician.
The Hotchkiss gun can refer to different products of the Hotchkiss arms company starting in the late 19th century.
Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco (20 September 1897 – 18 July 1967) was a Brazilian military leader and politician.
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
The title of intendant (intendant, Portuguese and intendente) has been used in several countries through history.
The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a wild cat species and the only extant member of the genus Panthera native to the Americas.
Jânio da Silva Quadros (January 25, 1917 – February 16, 1992) was a Brazilian politician who served as 22nd President of Brazil from 31 January to 25 August 1961, when he resigned from office.
Marshal João Baptista Mascarenhas de Morais (November 13, 1883 – September 17, 1968) was a Brazilian army officer and commander of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force in the Second World War.
José Pessoa Cavalcanti de Albuquerque (13 September 1885 in Cabaceiras – 16 August 1959 in Rio de Janeiro) was a military officer, who became a Marshal in the Brazilian Army.
José Sarney de Araújo Costa (born April 24, 1930 as José Ribamar Ferreira de Araújo Costa) is a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and writer who served as 31st President of Brazil from March 15, 1985 to March 15, 1990.
Juiz de Fora (Outsider Judge), also known as J.F., is a city in the southeastern Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, approximately from the state border with Rio de Janeiro.
Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain.
Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (September 12, 1902 – August 22, 1976), known also by his initials JK, was a prominent Brazilian politician who served as the 21st President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
The Krupp 7.5 cm Model 1903 was a field gun used by a number of European armies in both World War I and World War II.
The L118 light gun is a 105 mm towed field gun.
The L3/35 or Carro Veloce CV-35 was an Italian tankette that saw combat before and during World War II.
The Land Rover Defender (initially called the Land Rover Ninety and Land Rover One Ten) is a British four-wheel drive off-road vehicle developed in the 1980s from the original Land Rover Series which was launched at the Amsterdam Motor Show in April 1948.
The Latin American debt crisis (Crisis de la deuda latinoamericana) was a financial crisis that originated in the early 1980s (and for some countries starting in the 1970s), often known as the "lost decade", when Latin American countries reached a point where their foreign debt exceeded their earning power and they were not able to repay it.
The Leopard (or Leopard 1) is a main battle tank designed and produced in West Germany that first entered service in 1965.
A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, Lieut and similar) is a junior commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
Light infantry is a designation applied to certain types of foot soldiers (infantry) throughout history, typically having lighter equipment or armament or a more mobile or fluid function than other types of infantry, such as heavy infantry or line infantry.
This page lists major rebellions and revolutions that have taken place during Brazilian history.
This is a list of armed conflicts involving Brazil since its inception during the Brazilian War of Independence.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias (25 August 1803 – 7 May 1880), nicknamed "the Peacemaker" and "Iron Duke", was an army officer, politician and monarchist of the Empire of Brazil.
The 105 mm M101A1 howitzer (previously designated M2A1) was an artillery piece developed and used by the United States.
The M102 was a light-towed 105 mm howitzer used by the United States Army in the Vietnam War, the First Gulf War, and the Iraq War.
The M108 Howitzer is an American self-propelled 105 mm howitzer, first introduced in the early 1960s.
The M109 is an American 155 mm turreted self-propelled howitzer, first introduced in the early 1960s.
The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed by Food Machinery Corp (FMC).
The M114 155 mm howitzer was a towed howitzer developed and used by the United States Army.
The 75mm Pack Howitzer M1 (redesignated the M116 in 1962) was an artillery piece used by the United States.
The M2 half-track car was a half-track armored vehicle produced by the United States during World War II.
The M3 Gun Motor Carriage (GMC) was a United States Army tank destroyer equipped with one 75 mm gun and produced by Autocar.
The M3 Half-track, known officially as the Carrier, Personnel Half-track M3, was an American armored personnel carrier half-track widely used by the Allies during World War II and in the Cold War.
The M3 Lee, officially Medium Tank, M3, was an American medium tank used during World War II.
The M3 Scout Car was an armored car in U.S. service during World War II.
The M3 Stuart, officially Light Tank, M3, was an American light tank of World War II.
The M35 2½-ton cargo truck is a long-lived 2½-ton 6x6 cargo truck initially used by the United States Army and subsequently utilized by many nations around the world.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
The M4 High-Speed Tractor was an artillery tractor used by the US Army from 1943.
The M40 rifle is a bolt-action sniper rifle used by the United States Marine Corps.
The M41 Walker Bulldog, officially 76-mm Gun Tank, M41, was an American light tank developed for armed reconnaissance purposes.
The M59 was an American armored personnel carrier that entered service in the spring of 1954 replacing the M75.
The M60 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) introduced in December 1960.
The M8 Light Armored Car is a 6×6 armored car produced by the Ford Motor Company during World War II.
The M992A2 Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle (FAASV) is built on the chassis of the M109-series howitzer.
A main battle tank (MBT), also known as a battle tank or universal tank, is a tank that fills the armor-protected direct fire and maneuver role of many modern armies.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
The Malê revolt (Revolta dos Malês,,, also known as The Great Revolt) is perhaps the most significant slave rebellion in Brazil.
Manaus or Manaós before 1939 or (formerly) Barra do Rio Negro, is the capital city of the state of Amazonas in the North Region of Brazil.
Dom Manuel I (31 May 1469 – 13 December 1521), the Fortunate (Port. o Afortunado), King of Portugal and the Algarves, was the son of Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu, by his wife, the Infanta Beatrice of Portugal.
Manuel Luís Osório, Marquis of Erval (May 10, 1808 – October 4, 1879) was a Brazilian military officer, monarchist and politician.
Maranhão is a northeastern state of Brazil.
Maré is a neighborhood and favela (low-income informal neighborhood) in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.It is a grouping of several favelas, suburbs with houses, and housing complexes.
Maria Quitéria (1792–1853) was a Brazilian lieutenant and national heroine.
Marshal is a term used in several official titles in various branches of society.
A master sergeant is the military rank for a senior non-commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries.
Mato Grosso (– lit. "Thick Bushes") is one of the states of Brazil, the third-largest by area, located in the western part of the country.
Mato Grosso do Sul is one of the Midwestern states of Brazil.
Mechanized infantry are infantry equipped with armored personnel carriers (APCs) or infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for transport and combat (see also mechanized force).
The Mercedes-Benz Atego is a range of light/lightweight general-purpose rigid truck introduced by Mercedes-Benz in 1997.
Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia (born 23 September 1940) is a Brazilian lawyer and politician serving as the 37th and current President of Brazil.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Military communications or military signals involve all aspects of communications, or conveyance of information, by armed forces.
Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
In Brazil, the Military Firefighters Corps (Port:Corpo de Bombeiros Militar) is a military organization with the mission of civil defense, firefighting, and search and rescue inside the States of the Federation.
A military helicopter is a helicopter that is either specifically built or converted for use by military forces.
The military history of Brazil comprises centuries of armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Brazil, and the role of the Brazilian Armed Forces in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide.
Military Police (Polícia Militar,, also known as PM) are a type of preventive state police in every state of Brazil.
The Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State (Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) (PMERJ) like other military polices in Brazil is a reserve and ancillary force of the Brazilian Army, and part of the System of Public Security and Brazilian Social Protection.
A military vehicle is a type of vehicle that includes all land combat and transportation vehicles, which are designed for or are significantly used by military forces.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
Minas Gerais is a state in the north of Southeastern Brazil.
The Ministry of Defense (Ministério da Defesa) of Brazil, is the civilian cabinet organization responsible for managing the Military of Brazil.
Montese (Frignanese: Muntês) is a town in the province of Modena, Emilia-Romagna, Italy.
Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains or similarly rough terrain.
The National Defense University (NDU) is an institution of higher education funded by the United States Department of Defense, intended to facilitate high-level training, education, and the development of national security strategy.
The National Republican Army (Esercito Nazionale Repubblicano, or ENR) was the army of the Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana, or RSI) from 1943 to 1945 that fought on the side of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The Northeastern Military Command is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army.
The Northern Military Command is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army.
The Oerlikon GDF or Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon is a towed anti-aircraft gun made by Oerlikon Contraves (renamed as Rheinmetall Air Defence AG following the merger with Rheinmetall in 2009).
Olive is a dark yellowish-green color, like that of unripe or green olives.
Operation Condor (Operación Cóndor,also known as Plan Cóndor, Operação Condor) was a campaign of political repression and state terror in Latin American countries involving intelligence operations and assassination of opponents, mainly civilians, originally planned by the CIA.
Operation Traíra was the response of the Brazilian Armed Forces, with support from the Colombian Army, to an attack on their detachment on the bank of the Traíra River by FARC in February 1991.
The Ordenanças (meaning literally "Ordinances" in Portuguese and sometimes misspelled Ordenanzas in English language literature) were a militia-type traditional military territorial organization that existed in Portugal and in some parts of the Portuguese Empire (especially in Brazil), between the 16th and the 19th centuries.
The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.
The OTO-Melara Mod 56 is an Italian-made 105 mm pack howitzer built and developed by OTO-Melara.
Otto Fretter-Pico (2 February 1893 – 30 July 1966) was a general in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Pantanal is a natural region encompassing the world's largest tropical wetland area.
Paraíba (Tupi: pa'ra a'íba: "bad for navigation") is a state of Brazil.
Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
The Paraguayan War, also known as the War of the Triple Alliance and the Great War in Paraguay, was a South American war fought from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, the Empire of Brazil, and Uruguay.
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.
Paraná is one of the 26 states of Brazil, in the south of the country, bordered on the north by São Paulo state, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Santa Catarina state and the province of Misiones, Argentina, and on the west by Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, with the Paraná River as its western boundary line.
Pará is a state in northern Brazil traversed by the lower Amazon River.
Patrol Boat, Riverine or PBR, is the United States Navy designation for a small rigid-hulled patrol boat used in the Vietnam War from March 1966 until the end of 1971.
Dom Pedro I (English: Peter I; 12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834), nicknamed "the Liberator", was the founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
Pernambuco is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country.
Petrópolis, also known as The Imperial City, is a municipality in the Southeast Region of Brazil, located northeast of Rio de Janeiro.
Petrolina is a city located in the southernmost point of the state of Pernambuco, in Brazil.
Piauí is one of the states of Brazil, located in the country's Northeast Region.
The Planalto Military Command is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army.
The Platine War (18 August 1851 – 3 February 1852) was fought between the Argentine Confederation and an alliance consisting of the Empire of Brazil, Uruguay, and the Argentine provinces of Entre Ríos and Corrientes.
The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana, or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Northern Italy.
Port-au-Prince (Pòtoprens) is the capital and most populous city of Haiti.
Porto Alegre (local; Joyful Harbor) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul.
The Portuguese Army (Exército Português) is the land component of the Armed Forces of Portugal and is also its largest branch.
The Portuguese conquest of French Guiana was an 1809 military operation against Cayenne, capital of the South American colony of French Guiana, in the scope of the Napoleonic Wars.
The Portuguese conquest of the Banda Oriental was the armed-conflict that took place between 1816 and 1820 in the Banda Oriental, for control of what today comprises the whole of the Republic of Uruguay, the northern part of the Argentine Mesopotamia and southern Brazil.
The Praieira revolt, also known as the Beach rebellion, was a movement in the Pernambuco region of Brazil that lasted from 1848 to 1849.
The Preparatory School of Cadets of the Brazilian Army is located in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics.
The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The Presidential Guard Battalion (Batalhão da Guarda Presidencial; BGP) is a unit of the Brazilian Army and honor guard to the President of Brazil.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
Private First Class (PFC) is a military rank held by junior enlisted personnel.
Psychological warfare (PSYWAR), or the basic aspects of modern psychological operations (PSYOP), have been known by many other names or terms, including MISO, Psy Ops, political warfare, "Hearts and Minds", and propaganda.
The Ragamuffin War (Portuguese: Guerra dos Farrapos or, more commonly Revolução Farroupilha) was a Republican uprising that began in southern Brazil, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in 1835.
A railway gun, also called a railroad gun, is a large artillery piece, often surplus naval artillery, mounted on, transported by, and fired from a specially designed railway wagon.
RBS 70 (Robotsystem 70, "robot" meaning "missile" in this context in Swedish) is a man-portable air-defense system (MANPADS) designed for anti-aircraft warfare in all climate zones and with little to no support from other forces.
The Recapture of Angola was a military campaign fought between the Portuguese and the Dutch occupiers of Angola.
Recife is the fourth-largest urban agglomeration in Brazil with 3,995,949 inhabitants, the largest urban agglomeration of the North/Northeast Regions, and the capital and largest city of the state of Pernambuco in the northeast corner of South America.
A regent (from the Latin regens: ruling, governing) is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated.
The Renault FT (frequently referred to in post-World War I literature as the FT-17, FT17, or similar) was a French light tank that was among the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history.
The Brazilian Naval Revolts, or the Revoltas da Armada (in Portuguese), were armed mutinies promoted mainly by Admirals Custódio José de Melo and Saldanha Da Gama and their fleet of Brazilian Navy ships against the unconstitutional staying in power of the central government in Rio de Janeiro.
Ricardo Kirk (1874 – 1 March 1915) was the first Brazilian Army Aviator.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil.
Rio Grande do Norte (lit. "Great Northern River", in reference to the mouth of the Potenji River) is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern region of the country, occupying the northeasternmost tip of the South American continent.
Rio Grande do Sul (lit. Great Southern River) is a state located in the southern region of Brazil.
The Roland is a Franco-German mobile short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system.
Rondônia is a state in Brazil, located in the north part of the country.
Roraima (Pemon: roro imã, "parrot mountain" i.e. "Green Peak") is the northernmost and least populated state of Brazil, located in the Amazon region.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.
The Sabinada (1837–1838) was a revolt by military officer Francisco Sabino that occurred in Brazil's Bahia state between 6 November 1837 and 16 March 1838.
Salvador, also known as São Salvador, Salvador de Bahia, and Salvador da Bahia, is the capital of the Brazilian state of Bahia.
Santa Catarina (Saint Catherine) is a state in the southern region of Brazil.
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus.
The Sonderkraftfahrzeug 8 ("special motorized vehicle 8") was a German half-track that saw widespread use in World War II.
Self-propelled artillery (also called mobile artillery or locomotive artillery) is artillery equipped with its own propulsion system to move towards its target.
Sergeant (abbreviated to Sgt and capitalized when used as a named person's title) is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces.
Sergeant First Class (SFC) is a military rank in some militaries and other uniformed organizations around the world, typically that of a senior non-commissioned officer.
Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world.
Sergipe, officially State of Sergipe, is a state of Brazil.
The Siege of Caxias was a siege during the Brazilian War of Independence in which the Brazilian Army under the command of José Pereira Filgueiras attempted to capture the city of Caxias in Maranhão, which was defended by the Portuguese Army of João José da Cunha Fidié.
The Siege of Montevideo occurred during the War of Independence of Brazil, during which the Brazilian Army under Carlos Frederico Lecor attempted to capture the city of Montevideo in Cisplatine (now Uruguay) from the Portuguese Army of Álvaro da Costa de Sousa Macedo.
The Siege of Paysandú began 3 December 1864, during the Uruguayan War, when Brazilian forces (under Marquis of Tamandaré) and Colorado forces (under Venancio Flores) attempted to capture the city of Paysandú in Uruguay from its Uruguayan Army defenders.
The Siege of Salvador occurred during the Brazilian War of Independence, during which the Brazilian Army, under Pierre Labatut, attempted to capture the city of Salvador in Bahia from its Portuguese Army defenders.
The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft.
The Southeastern Military Command (Comando Militar do Sudeste; CMSE) is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army.
The Southern Military Command is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army.
The Spanish-Portuguese War between 1735-1737 was fought over the Banda Oriental, roughly present-day Uruguay.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
Specialist (abbreviated "SPC") is a military rank in some countries' armed forces.
The spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.
Staff sergeant is a rank of non-commissioned officer used in the armed forces of several countries.
The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
Suez (السويس; Egyptian Arabic) is a seaport city (population ca. 497,000) in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez (a branch of the Red Sea), near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal, having the same boundaries as Suez governorate.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
A swamp is a wetland that is forested.
Taubaté is a medium-sized city in the State of São Paulo, in southeastern Brazil.
Tenentism (tenentismo) was a political philosophy of junior army officers (tenentes,, lieutenants) who contributed significantly to the Brazilian Revolution of 1930.
A term of office is the length of time a person serves in a particular elected office.
Thomas Elliot Skidmore (Troy, 22 July 1932 – 11 June 2016) was an American historian and scholar who specialized in Brazilian history.
An officer of three-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO code of OF-8.
The United Nations has authorized 71 peacekeeping operations as of April 2018.
Tocantins is one of the states of Brazil.
The Toyota Hilux (also stylized as HiLux and historically as Hi-Lux) is a series of light commercial vehicles produced and marketed by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota.
The Toyota Land Cruiser (J40), is a series of Land Cruisers made by Toyota from 1960 until 1984.
The 25 ft (8 m) Transportable Port Security Boat (TPSB): (AKA The Guardian) is a twin outboard motor, open deck, all weather, high performance, moderately-armed platform capable of operating in inner harbor/near shore environments in light sea conditions.
The Treaty of the Triple Alliance was a treaty which allied the Empire of Brazil and the Republics of Argentina and Uruguay against the Republic of Paraguay.
An officer of two-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO code of OF-7.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
Unimog is a range of multi-purpose all-wheel drive medium trucks produced by Daimler (formerly Daimler-Benz) and sold under the brand name Mercedes-Benz.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Angola Verification Mission III is a peacekeeping mission that began operating in Angola in February 1995 during the civil war.
The first United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) was established by United Nations General Assembly to secure an end to the Suez Crisis with resolution 1001 (ES-I) on November 7, 1956.
The United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) was established by Security Council Resolution 1246 on 11 June 1999 for a period up to 31 August 1999.
The United Nations Operations in Mozambique (UNOMOZ) was a UN peace mission to Mozambique established in December 1992 under Security Council Resolution 797 with the assignment to monitor the implementation of the Rome General Peace Accords agreed upon by the Mozambican president Joaquim Chissano (FRELIMO) and Afonso Dhlakama of RENAMO.
Peacekeeping by the United Nations is a role held by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations as "a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict to create the conditions for lasting peace." It is distinguished from peacebuilding, peacemaking, and peace enforcement although the United Nations does acknowledge that all activities are "mutually reinforcing" and that overlap between them is frequent in practice.
The United Nations Stabilization Mission In Haiti (UNSTAMIH) (Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti), also known as MINUSTAH, an acronym of the French name, was a United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti that was in operation from 2004 to 2017.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The University of North Carolina Press (or UNC Press), founded in 1922, is a university press that is part of the University of North Carolina.
The University Press of Kentucky (UPK) is the scholarly publisher for the Commonwealth of Kentucky, and was organized in 1969 as successor to the University of Kentucky Press.
An urban guerrilla is someone who fights a government using unconventional warfare or domestic terrorism in an urban environment.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
The Uruguayan Civil War, also known in Spanish as the Guerra Grande ("Great War"), was a series of armed conflicts between the leaders of Uruguayan independence.
The Uruguayan War (10 August 1864 – 20 February 1865) was fought between Uruguay's governing Blanco Party and an alliance consisting of the Empire of Brazil and the Uruguayan Colorado Party, covertly supported by Argentina.
The Vargas Era (Portuguese: Era Vargas) is the period in the history of Brazil between 1930 and 1945, when the country was under the dictatorship of Getúlio Vargas.
The VBTP-MR Guarani (Portuguese > Viatura Blindada Transporte de Pessoal - Média de Rodas; "Armored Personnel Carrier Vehicle - Medium Wheeled Type") is a 6×6 armoured personnel carrier developed by Iveco and the Brazilian Army as part of its "URUTU-III" modernization program aimed to replace all EE-11 Urutu by 2015.
Military vehicles are commonly armoured (or armored; see spelling differences) to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets, missiles or shells, protecting the personnel inside from enemy fire.
The Vice President of Brazil (Vice-presidente do Brasil), officially the Vice President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Vice Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil), or simply the Vice President of the Republic (Vice Presidente da República) is the second-highest ranking government official in the executive branch of the Government of Brazil, preceded only by the president.
The Volkswagen Constellation is the flagship truck produced by the Brazilian manufacturer Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus (a subsidiary of MAN) since 2005.
The Volkswagen Worker range covers the 8 Tonne to 31 Tonne (GVW) category in the Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus range.
The War of Canudos (Guerra de Canudos,, 1895–1898) was a conflict between the state of Brazil and some 30,000 settlers who had founded a community named Canudos in the northeastern state of Bahia.
The War of Independence of Brazil (also known as the Brazilian War of Independence) was waged between the newly independent Brazilian Empire and United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves which had just undergone the Liberal Revolution of 1820.
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The Western Bloc during the Cold War refers to the countries allied with the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact.
The Western Military Command is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army.
The Willys MB and the Ford GPW, both formally called the U.S. Army Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4, Command Reconnaissance, commonly known as Jeep or jeep, and sometimes referred to as '''G503''' According to its U.S. Army Ordnance Corps Supply Catalog designation — a group number for ordering parts, based on a standard nomenclature list.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 120mm M2 Rifled Heavy Mortar (pt: MORTEIRO PESADO 120mm M2 RAIADO) is a Brazilian 120 mm mortar designed to have great firepower, mobility, and flexibility.
The 15th Army Group was an Army Group consisted by the British Eighth and the U.S. Fifth Armies, which apart troops from British Empire and U.S.A., also had whole units from other allied countries/regions; like 2 of their Corps (from free France and Poland), 1 Division (from Brazil) and 7 Brigades (6 Italians and one Greek), besides supporting and being supported by the local Italian partisans.
The 1964 Brazilian coup d'état (Golpe de estado no Brasil em 1964 or, more colloquially, Golpe de 64) was a series of events in Brazil from March 31 to April 1 that led to the overthrow of President João Goulart by members of the Brazilian Armed Forces, supported by the United States government.
The 1970s energy crisis was a period when the major industrial countries of the world, particularly the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand, faced substantial petroleum shortages, real and perceived, as well as elevated prices.
1º Batalhão de Forças Especiais (1st Special Forces Battalion/1º B F Esp) is a counter-terrorism (CT) unit in the Brazilian Armed Forces.
In November 2010, there was a major security crisis in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro and some of its neighboring cities.
The 2014 FIFA World Cup was the 20th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA.
In early 2015, a widespread epidemic of Zika fever, caused by the Zika virus in Brazil, spread to other parts of South and North America.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.
The Military Police of Espírito Santo strike began on February 4, 2017 demanding better pay.
The 7.5 cm Feldkanone 38 (7.5 cm FK 38) was a field gun used by Germany and Brazil in World War II.
The 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a German 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II.
The 90–mm Gun M1/M2/M3 is an American heavy anti-aircraft and anti-tank gun, playing a role similar to the German 8.8cm Flak 18.
The 9K38 Igla (Игла́, "needle", NATO reporting name SA-18 Grouse) is a Russian/Soviet man-portable infrared homing surface-to-air missile (SAM).