303 relations: Academia Brasileira de Letras, Acarajé, Agreste, Alagoas, Alentejo, Amazon basin, Amerind languages, Anacoluthon, Angola, Angolan Portuguese, Antonio Candido, Anusvara, Application software, Aranese dialect, Association football, Autonomous Regions of Portugal, Autran Dourado, Azores, Bahia, Bandeirantes, Bantu languages, Bauernfest, Beer garden, Belém, Belo Horizonte, Benin, Berimbau, Bossa nova, Brasília, Bratwurst, Brazil, Brazilian cruzeiro, Brazilian diaspora, Brazilian Sign Language, Burakumin, Caiman, Caipira dialect, Calque, Camões Prize, Cambridge University Press, Camping (gaming), Capoeira, Carioca, Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Caruaru, Cassava, Castro Alves, Ceará, Cecília Meireles, CELPE-Bras, ..., Central-West Region, Brazil, Centro-Sul, Chinese language, Ciao, Clarice Lispector, Class discrimination, Clitic, Close-mid vowel, Colonial Brazil, Colonization, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Comparison of American and British English, Compound subject, Computer mouse, Conservative (language), Country music, Creole language, Curitiba, Decreolization, Deforestation, Dekasegi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dialect, Diglossia, Diphthong, Drift (linguistics), Dutch Brazil, Elision, Emo, English language, Epenthesis, Ephebophilia, Espírito Santo, Ethnologue, Euclides da Cunha, Ewe language, Florianópolis, Florianopolitan dialect, Folha de S.Paulo, Foreign language, France Antarctique, Frederick Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg, French language, Furo, Galician-Portuguese, Gamer, Gaucho, German language, Germany, Gerund, Goal (sport), Goiás, Gospel music, Graciliano Ramos, Grammar, Grammatical person, Grappa, Greater Florianópolis, Greater Rio de Janeiro, Greater São Paulo, Haole, Hāfu, Hindustani phonology, Hispanophone, Homophone, Honorific speech in Japanese, Iberian Romance languages, IETF language tag, Impersonal verb, Independent media, Indigenous languages of the Americas, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, International Organization for Standardization, Internet Standard, Internet troll, Ipanema, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 639-1, ISO 639-3, Isochrony, Issei, Italian language, Italic languages, Italy, Itaquaquecetuba, Japan, Japanese diaspora, Japanese language, Japanese people, Jânio Quadros, João Cabral de Melo Neto, João Guimarães Rosa, Joker (playing card), Jorge Amado, José de Alencar, Kabocha, Karaoke, Kimbundu, Kimono, Koiné language, Kongo language, Kuchen, Language code, Languages of Africa, Língua Geral, Língua Geral of São Paulo, Lebanon, Lingua franca, Linguistic discrimination, Linguistics, List of English words of Portuguese origin, Loanword, LOL, Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, Lundu (dance), Lusophone, Lygia Fagundes Telles, Macaw, Machado de Assis, Macumba, Madeira, Manaus, Maranhão, Mato Grosso do Sul, Maxixe (dance), Mário de Andrade, Merchandising, Mercosur, Milréis, Minas Gerais, Mineiro, Modern Art Week, Moqueca, Mullet (haircut), Museum of the Portuguese Language, Music of Brazil, Mutual intelligibility, Nasal consonant, Nasalization, Nativization, Nheengatu, Niger–Congo languages, Nigeria, Nisei, Niterói, North coast Portuguese, North Region, Brazil, Northeast Region, Brazil, Nunchaku, O Estado de S. Paulo, Oktoberfest, Open-mid vowel, Orisha, Orthography, Palatalization (phonetics), Palatalization (sound change), Panettone, Paraíba, Paraná (state), Pará, Periphrasis, Pernambuco, Phoneme, Phonetics, Piauí, Pidgin, Pindamonhangaba, Pineapple, Poland, Portugal, Portuguese Brazilians, Portuguese colonization of the Americas, Portuguese grammar, Portuguese language, Portuguese language in Africa, Portuguese Language Orthographic Agreement of 1990, Portuguese verb conjugation, Portuguese-speaking African countries, Present tense, Prestige (sociolinguistics), Pretzel, Pronoun, Queer, Quindim, Rachel de Queiroz, Recife, Regions of Brazil, Reiki, Republic of the Congo, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (state), Rio Grande do Sul, Rioplatense Spanish, Rock–paper–scissors, Romance languages, Romanian language, Rondônia, Rubem Fonseca, Salvador, Bahia, Samba, Sansei, Santa Catarina (state), Santos, São Paulo, Sauerbraten, Sauerkraut, São Paulo, São Paulo (state), São Tomean Portuguese, Schützenfest, Schwa, Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, Sergipe, Sertão, Shiatsu, Silent letter, Slavery in Brazil, Social stigma, Society of Jesus, Sociolect, Sociolinguistics, South Region, Brazil, Southeast Region, Brazil, Spain, Strudel, Subjunctive mood, Surfing, Tag question, Tai chi, Tarantella, Telenovela, Tiramisu, Tocantins, Topic and comment, Toponymy, Toucan, Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Triângulo Mineiro, Triphthong, Tupi language, Tupi–Guarani languages, Uruguay, Volleyball, Wakeboarding, West Africa, West Iberian languages, Western Romance languages, Wiktionary, Wurstsalat, Yes–no question, Yonsei (Japanese diaspora), Yoruba language, Zona da Mata, Zona da Mata (Minas Gerais). Expand index (253 more) » « Shrink index
Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) (English: Brazilian Academy of Letters) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française.
Acarajé or (Yoruba: àkàrà) is a dish made from peeled beans formed into a ball and then deep-fried in dendê (palm oil).
The agreste ("countryside") is a narrow zone of Brazil in the states of Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia between the coastal forest zona da mata and the semiarid sertão.
Alagoas is one of the 27 states of Brazil and is situated in the eastern part of the Northeast Region.
The Alentejo is a geographical, historical and cultural region of south-central and southern Portugal.
The Amazon basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries.
Amerind is a hypothetical higher-level language family proposed by Joseph Greenberg in 1960 and elaborated by his student Merritt Ruhlen.
An anacoluthon (from the Greek anakolouthon, from an-: "not" and ἀκόλουθος akólouthos: "following") is an unexpected discontinuity in the expression of ideas within a sentence, leading to a form of words in which there is logical incoherence of thought.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
Angolan Portuguese (Português de Angola) is a group of dialects and accents of the Portuguese language used mostly in Angola, where it is an official language.
Antonio Candido de Mello e Souza (July 24, 1918 – May 12, 2017) was a Brazilian writer, professor, sociologist and literary critic.
Anusvara (Sanskrit: अनुस्वारः) is the diacritic used to mark a type of nasal sound used in a number of Indic scripts.
An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
Aranese (Aranés) is a standardized form of the Pyrenean Gascon variety of the Occitan language spoken in the Val d'Aran, in northwestern Catalonia close to the Spanish border with France, where it is one of the three official languages beside Catalan and Spanish.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The two Autonomous Regions of Portugal (Regiões Autónomas de Portugal) are the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores) and Madeira (Região Autónoma da Madeira).
Waldomiro Freitas Autran Dourado (1926 – September 30, 2012) was a Brazilian novelist.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Bahia (locally) is one of the 26 states of Brazil and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast.
The Bandeirantes were 17th-century Portuguese settlers in Brazil and fortune hunters.
The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.
Bauernfest (also called the Festival of the German Settlers) is a traditional festival that is held to honor the Germans that immigrated to Brazil.
A beer garden (a loan translation from the German Biergarten) is an outdoor area in which beer and local food are served, typically at shared tables.
Belém (Portuguese for Bethlehem), is a Brazilian city, the capital and largest city of the state of Pará in the country's north.
Belo Horizonte ("Beautiful Horizon") is the sixth-largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth-largest in South America and the eighteenth-largest in the Americas.
Benin (Bénin), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.
The berimbau is a single-string percussion instrument, a musical bow, from Brazil.
Bossa nova is a genre of Brazilian music, which was developed and popularized in the 1950s and 1960s and is today one of the best-known Brazilian music genres abroad.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Bratwurst is a type of German sausage made from veal, beef, or most commonly pork.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The cruzeiro was the currency of Brazil from 1942 to 1986 (two distinct currencies) and again between 1990 and 1993.
The Brazilian diaspora comprises Brazilians who have migrated to other countries, a fairly recent phenomenon that has been driven mainly by economic problems that afflicted Brazil from the ending of the military dictatorship in the 1980s to the early 2000s (decade).
Brazilian Sign Language (BSL) is the sign language used by Deaf communities of urban Brazil.
is an outcaste group at the bottom of the Japanese social order that has historically been the victim of severe discrimination and ostracism.
A caiman is an alligatorid crocodilian belonging to the subfamily Caimaninae, one of two primary lineages within Alligatoridae, the other being alligators.
Caipira ((Old Tupi ka'apir or kaa-pira, which means "bush cutter") is a Brazilian Portuguese dialect spoken in the State of São Paulo and adjacent parts of neighbouring Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, Minas Gerais, and Paraná.
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.
The Camões Prize (Portuguese, Prémio Camões), named after Luís de Camões is the most important prize for literature in the Portuguese language.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
In video gaming, camping is a controversial tactic where a player obtains a static strategic position of advantage.
Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics, and music.
Carioca is a demonym used to refer to anything related to the City of Rio de Janeiro as well as its eponymous State of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil.
Carlos Drummond de Andrade (October 31, 1902 – August 17, 1987) was a Brazilian poet and writer, considered by some as the greatest Brazilian poet of all time.
Caruaru is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Pernambuco.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
Antônio Frederico de Castro Alves (March 14, 1847 – July 6, 1871) was a Brazilian poet and playwright, famous for his abolitionist and republican poems.
Ceará (locally in Ceará or in Northeast Region of Brazil the pronunciation is) is one of the 27 states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Atlantic coast.
Cecília Benevides de Carvalho Meireles (7 November 1901 – 9 November 1964) was a Brazilian writer and educator, known principally as a poet.
CELPE-Bras (Certificado de Proficiência em Língua Portuguesa para Estrangeiros, "Certificate of Proficiency in Portuguese for Foreigners") is the only certificate of proficiency in Brazilian Portuguese as a second language officially recognized and developed by the Brazilian Ministry of Education.
The Central-West Region of Brazil (Região Centro-Oeste do Brasil) is composed of the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul; along with Distrito Federal (Federal District), where Brazil's national capital, Brasília, is situated.
Centro-Sul (South-Central) is the Southeastern, Southern and Central-West regions of Brazil (see Brazil Regional Division), excluding the north of Minas Gerais and most of Mato Grosso and along with some of Tocantins.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
The word "ciao" is an informal salutation in the Italian language that is used for both "hello" and "goodbye".
Clarice Lispector (December 10, 1920December 9, 1977) was a Brazilian writer acclaimed internationally for her innovative novels and short stories.
Class discrimination, also known as classism, is prejudice or discrimination on the basis of social class.
A clitic (from Greek κλιτικός klitikos, "inflexional") is a morpheme in morphology and syntax that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase.
A close-mid vowel (also mid-close vowel, high-mid vowel, mid-high vowel or half-close vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Colonial Brazil (Brasil Colonial) comprises the period from 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese, until 1815, when Brazil was elevated to a kingdom in union with Portugal as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.
Colonization (or colonisation) is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components.
The Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Portuguese: Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa; abbreviated as CPLP), occasionally known in English as the Lusophone Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organization of Lusophone nations across four continents, where Portuguese is an official language, mostly of former colonies of the Portuguese Empire.
The English language was first introduced to the Americas by British colonization, beginning in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
A compound subject is two or more individual noun phrases coordinated to form a single, longer noun phrase. Compound subjects cause many difficulties in the proper usage of grammatical agreement between the subject and other entities (verbs, pronouns, etc.). In reality, these issues are not specific to compound subjects as such, coming up equally as well with compound noun phrases of all sorts, but the problems are most acute with compound subjects because of the large number of types of agreement occurring with such subjects. As shown in the examples, for English compound subjects joined by and, the agreement rules are generally unambiguous, but sometimes tricky. For example, the compound subject you and I is treated equivalently to we, taking appropriate pronominal agreement ("our car", not "your car", "their car", etc.). In languages with more extensive subject-verb agreement (e.g. Spanish or Arabic), the verb agreement is clearly revealed as also being first-person plural. For the subjects joined by or, however, the rules are often ill-defined, especially when two elements that differ in grammatical gender or grammatical number are coordinate. (The tendency, in such cases, is to rewrite the sentences to avoid the conjunction: e.g. "Sylvia and I each have our own car, and one of us is planning to sell their car". Note that this still has a compound subject using and as the conjunction, and uses "semi-informal" "generic their" to get around the "his or her" problem. This could be avoided with a further rewrite: "Either Sylvia will sell her car, or I will sell mine.".
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
In linguistics, a conservative form, variety, or modality is one that has changed relatively little over its history, or which is relatively resistant to change.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages at a fairly sudden point in time: often, a pidgin transitioned into a full, native language.
Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land") is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paraná.
Decreolization is a phenomenon whereby over time a creole language reconverges with one of the standard languages from which it originally derived.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
Dekasegi (decassegui, decasségui) is a term used in Brazil to refer to people, primarily Japanese Brazilians, who have migrated to Japan, having taken advantage of Japanese citizenship or nisei visa and immigration laws to escape economic instability in Brazil.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
In linguistics, diglossia is a situation in which two dialects or languages are used by a single language community.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
Two types of language change can be characterized as linguistic drift: a unidirectional short-term and cyclic long-term drift.
Dutch Brazil, also known as New Holland, was the northern portion of the Portuguese colony of Brazil, ruled by the Dutch during the Dutch colonization of the Americas between 1630 and 1654.
In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
Emo is a rock music genre characterized by an emphasis on emotional expression, sometimes through confessional lyrics.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
In phonology, epenthesis (Greek) means the addition of one or more sounds to a word, especially to the interior of a word (at the beginning prothesis and at the end paragoge are commonly used).
Ephebophilia is the primary sexual interest in mid-to-late adolescents, generally ages 15 to 19.
Espírito Santo (meaning "Holy Spirit") is a state in southeastern Brazil.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
Euclides da Cunha (January 20, 1866 – August 15, 1909) was a Brazilian journalist, sociologist and engineer.
Ewe (Èʋe or Èʋegbe) is a Niger–Congo language spoken in southeastern Ghana by approximately 6–7 million people as either the first or second language.
Florianópolis is the capital and second largest city of the state of Santa Catarina, in the South region of Brazil.
Florianopolitan dialect, pejoratively called manezês or manezinho, is a variety of Brazilian Portuguese heavily influenced by (and often considered an extension of) the Azorean dialect.
Folha de S.Paulo, also known as Folha de São Paulo, or simply Folha (Sheet), is a Brazilian daily newspaper founded in 1921 under the name Folha da Noite and published in São Paulo by the Folha da Manhã company.
A foreign language is a language originally from another country.
France Antarctique (formerly also spelled France antartique) was a French colony south of the Equator, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which existed between 1555 and 1567, and had control over the coast from Rio de Janeiro to Cabo Frio.
Friedrich Hermann von Schönberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg, 1st Count of Mertola, KG (French: Frédéric-Armand; Portuguese: Armando Frederico; 6 December 1615 – 1 July 1690) was a marshal of France and a General in the British and Portuguese Army.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
, or the more common and polite form, is a Japanese bath.
Galician-Portuguese (galego-portugués or galaico-portugués, galego-português or galaico-português), also known as Old Portuguese or Medieval Galician, was a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Middle Ages, in the northwest area of the Iberian Peninsula.
A gamer is a person who plays interactive games, either video games, skill-based card games and plays for usually long periods of time.
A gaucho or gaúcho is a skilled horseman, reputed to be brave and unruly.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A gerund (abbreviated) is any of various nonfinite verb forms in various languages, most often, but not exclusively, one that functions as a noun.
In sports, a goal is a physical structure or area where an attacking team must send the ball or puck in order to score points.
Goiás is a state of Brazil, located in the Center-West region of the country. The name Goiás (formerly, Goyaz) comes from the name of an indigenous community. The original word seems to have been guaiá, a compound of gua e iá, meaning "the same person" or "people of the same origin." It borders the Federal District and the states of (from north clockwise) Tocantins, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso. The most populous state of its region, Goiás is characterized by a landscape of chapadões (plateaus). In the height of the drought season, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the Araguaia River go down and exposes almost of beaches, making it the main attraction of the State. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Mineiros, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and flora from the region. At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys, rapids and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás (or Old Goiás), from Goiânia, established in the beginning of 18th Century, and Caldas Novas, with its hot water wells attracting more than one million tourists per year. In Brazil's geoeconomic division, Goiás belongs to the Centro-Sul (Center-South), being the northernmost state of the southern portion of Brazil.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
Graciliano Ramos de Oliveira (October 27, 1892 – March 20, 1953) was a Brazilian modernist writer, politician and journalist.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), and others (third person).
Grappa is an alcoholic beverage, a fragrant, grape-based pomace brandy of Italian origin that contains 35 to 60 percent alcohol by volume (70 to 120 US proof).
Grande Florianópolis is a mesoregion in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina.
Greater Rio de Janeiro, officially Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region (Grande Rio, officially Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, in Portuguese) is a large metropolitan area located in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil, the second largest in Brazil and third largest in South America.
The Greater São Paulo (Grande São Paulo) is a nonspecific term for one of the multiple definitions the large metropolitan area located in the São Paulo state in Brazil.
Haole (Hawaiian) is a term used in the state of Hawaii to refer to individuals who are not descendants of native Hawaiians or of other ethnicities that were brought in to work the plantations.
The word is used in Japanese to refer to somebody who is biracial, i.e., ethnically half Japanese.
Hindustani is the lingua franca of northern India and Pakistan, and through its two standardized registers, Hindi and Urdu, an official language of India and Pakistan.
Hispanophone and Hispanosphere are terms used to refer to Spanish-language speakers and the Spanish-speaking world, respectively.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
The Japanese language has many honorifics, referred to as keigo (敬語, literally "respectful language"), parts of speech that show respect.
The Iberian Romance, Ibero-Romance or simply Iberian languages is an areal grouping of Romance languages that developed on the Iberian Peninsula, an area consisting primarily of Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra, and in southern France which are today more commonly separated into West Iberian and Occitano-Romance language groups.
An IETF language tag is an abbreviated language code (for example, en for English, pt-BR for Brazilian Portuguese, or nan-Hant-TW for Min Nan Chinese as spoken in Taiwan using traditional Han characters) defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) in the BCP 47 document series, which is currently composed of normative RFC 5646 (referencing the related RFC 5645) and RFC 4647, along with the normative content of the IANA Language Subtag Registry.
In linguistics, an impersonal verb is one that has no determinate subject.
Independent media refers to any form of media, such as radio, television, newspapers or the Internet, that is free of influence by government or corporate interests.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
In computer network engineering, an Internet Standard is a normative specification of a technology or methodology applicable to the Internet.
In Internet slang, a troll is a person who starts quarrels or upsets people on the Internet to distract and sow discord by posting inflammatory and digressive, extraneous, or off-topic messages in an online community (such as a newsgroup, forum, chat room, or blog) with the intent of provoking readers into displaying emotional responses and normalizing tangential discussion, whether for the troll's amusement or a specific gain.
Ipanema is a neighborhood located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), between Leblon and Arpoador.
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.
ISO 639-3:2007, Codes for the representation of names of languages – Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages, is an international standard for language codes in the ISO 639 series.
Isochrony is the postulated rhythmic division of time into equal portions by a language.
is a Japanese-language term used by ethnic Japanese in countries in North America and South America to specify the Japanese people who were the first generation to immigrate there.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
The Italic languages are a subfamily of the Indo-European language family, originally spoken by Italic peoples.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Itaquaquecetuba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Japanese diaspora, and its individual members known as or, are the Japanese immigrants from Japan and their descendants that reside in a foreign country.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
are a nation and an ethnic group that is native to Japan and makes up 98.5% of the total population of that country.
Jânio da Silva Quadros (January 25, 1917 – February 16, 1992) was a Brazilian politician who served as 22nd President of Brazil from 31 January to 25 August 1961, when he resigned from office.
João Cabral de Melo Neto, (January 9, 1920 – October 9, 1999) was a Brazilian poet and diplomat, and one of the most influential writers in late Brazilian modernism.
João Guimarães Rosa (27 June 1908 – 19 November 1967) was a Brazilian novelist, short story writer and diplomat.
The Joker is a playing card found in most modern card decks, as an addition to the standard four suits (clubs, diamonds, hearts, and spades).
Jorge Leal Amado de Faria (10 August 1912 – 6 August 2001) was a Brazilian writer of the modernist school.
José Martiniano de Alencar (May 1, 1829 – December 12, 1877) was a Brazilian lawyer, politician, orator, novelist and dramatist.
Kabocha (from Japanese カボチャ, 南瓜) is a type of winter squash, a Japanese variety of the species Cucurbita maxima. It is also called kabocha squash or Japanese pumpkin in North America.
Karaoke, is a form of interactive entertainment or video game developed in Japan in which an amateur singer sings along with recorded music (a music video) using a microphone.
Kimbundu, or North Mbundu, one of two Bantu languages called Mbundu (see Umbundu), is the second-most-widely spoken Bantu language in Angola.
The is a traditional Japanese garment.
In linguistics, a koiné language, koiné dialect, or simply koiné (Ancient Greek κοινή, "common ") is a standard language or dialect that has arisen as a result of contact between two or more mutually intelligible varieties (dialects) of the same language.
Kongo or Kikongo is one of the Bantu languages spoken by the Kongo and Ndundu peoples living in the tropical forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Angola.
Kuchen, the German word for cake, is used in other languages as the name for several different types of savory or sweet desserts, pastries, and gateaux.
A language code is a code that assigns letters or numbers as identifiers or classifiers for languages.
The languages of Africa are divided into six major language families.
Língua Geral (General Language) is the name of two distinct lingua francas, spoken in Brazil: the Língua Geral Paulista (tupi austral, or Southern Tupi), which was spoken in the region of São Paulo but is now extinct, and the língua geral amazônica (tupinambá) of the Amazon whose modern descendant is Nheengatu.
The Língua Geral Paulista (São Paulo General language), or Tupí Austral (Southern Tupi), was a Tupi-based trade language of São Vicente, São Paulo, and the upper Tietê River.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
Linguistic discrimination (also called linguicism and languagism) is the unfair treatment of an individual based solely on his or her use of language.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
This is a list of English words borrowed or derived from Portuguese (or Galician-Portuguese).
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
LOL, or lol, is an acronym for laugh(ing) out loud or lots of laughs, and a popular element of Internet slang.
Louis-Eugène Cavaignac (15 October 1802 in Paris – 28 October 1857) was a French general who put down a massive rebellion in Paris in 1848, known as the June Days Uprising.
Lundu (also spelled landu or landum) is a style of Afro-Brazilian music and dance with its origins in the African Bantu and Portuguese people.
Lusophones (lusófonos) are people who speak the Portuguese language, either as native speakers or as learners.
Lygia Fagundes Telles (born April 19, 1923) is an award-winning Brazilian novelist and short-story writer.
Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots.
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, often known by his surnames as Machado de Assis, Machado, or Bruxo do Cosme VelhoVainfas, p. 505.
Macumba is a word that has a dual meaning.
Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
Manaus or Manaós before 1939 or (formerly) Barra do Rio Negro, is the capital city of the state of Amazonas in the North Region of Brazil.
Maranhão is a northeastern state of Brazil.
Mato Grosso do Sul is one of the Midwestern states of Brazil.
The maxixe, occasionally known as the Brazilian tango, is a dance, with its accompanying music (often played as a subgenre of choro), that originated in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro in 1868, at about the same time as the tango was developing in neighbouring Argentina and Uruguay.
Mário Raul de Morais Andrade (October 9, 1893 – February 25, 1945) was a Brazilian poet, novelist, musicologist, art historian and critic, and photographer.
In the broadest sense, merchandising is any practice which contributes to the sale of products to a retail consumer.
Mercosur (also known as Mercosul or Ñemby Ñemuha) is a South American trade bloc established by the Treaty of Asunción in 1991 and Protocol of Ouro Preto in 1994.
The mil-réis (literally one thousand réis) was effectively a unit of currency in both Portugal (until 1911) and Brazil (until 1942).
Minas Gerais is a state in the north of Southeastern Brazil.
Mineiro feminine: Mineira), also called Brazilian mountain dialect, is the Brazilian Portuguese term for the inhabitants of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais and also the characteristic accent spoken in the heart of that state, and also in its capital, Belo Horizonte. This dialect is quite complicated, due the pronunciation of the words, which is fast and curled. There are times when other Brazilians, who speak other dialects, do not understand what the mineiros speak.
The Modern Art Week (or Semana de Arte Moderna, in Portuguese) was an arts festival in São Paulo, Brazil, that ran from February 10 to February 17, 1922.
Moqueca (or depending on the dialect, also spelled muqueca) is a Brazilian recipe based on salt water fish stew, tomatoes, onions, garlic and coriander.
The mullet is a hairstyle that is short at the front and sides, and long in the back.
The Museum of the Portuguese Language (Museu da Língua Portuguesa) is an interactive Portuguese language—and Linguistics/Language Development in general—museum in São Paulo, Brazil.
The music of Brazil encompasses various regional musical styles influenced by African, European and Amerindian forms.
In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without prior familiarity or special effort.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
In phonetics, nasalization (or nasalisation) is the production of a sound while the velum is lowered, so that some air escapes through the nose during the production of the sound by the mouth.
Nativization is the process whereby a language gains native speakers.
The Nheengatu language, often spelled Nhengatu, is an indigenous language of the Americas from the Tupi–Guarani language family.
The Niger–Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers and number of distinct languages.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
is a Japanese-language term used in countries in North America and South America to specify the children born in the new country to Japanese-born immigrants (who are called Issei).
Niterói is a municipality of the state of Rio de Janeiro in the southeast region of Brazil.
North coast dialect dialeto da costa norte, also called cearense dialect, is a dialect of Portuguese in the Brazilian state of Ceará, having many internal variations, like in the regions Jaguaribe and Sertões (backcountries).
The North Region of Brazil (Região Norte do Brasil) is the largest Region of Brazil, corresponding to 45.27% of the national territory.
The Northeast Region of Brazil (Região Nordeste do Brasil) is one of the five official and political regions of the country according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics.
is a traditional Okinawan martial arts weapon consisting of two sticks connected at one end by a short chain or rope.
O Estado de S. Paulo (The State of São Paulo), also known as O Estadão or simply Estadão, is a daily newspaper published in the Metropolitan region of São Paulo, Brazil, and distributed mainly nationally.
Oktoberfest is the world's largest Volksfest (beer festival and travelling funfair).
An open-mid vowel (also mid-open vowel, low-mid vowel, mid-low vowel or half-open vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
An orisha (spelled òrìṣà in the Yoruba language, and orichá or orixá in Latin America) is a spirit who reflects one of the subordinate manifestations of the supreme divinity (Olodumare, Olorun, Olofi) in Yoruba religion.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
In linguistics, palatalization is a sound change that either results in a palatal or palatalized consonant or a front vowel, or is triggered by one of them.
Panettone (pronounced) is an Italian type of sweet bread loaf originally from Milan (in Milanese dialect of the Lombard language it is called paneton), usually prepared and enjoyed for Christmas and New Year in Western, Southern and Southeastern Europe as well as in the Horn of Africa, and to a lesser extent in former French, Spanish and Portuguese colonies.
Paraíba (Tupi: pa'ra a'íba: "bad for navigation") is a state of Brazil.
Paraná is one of the 26 states of Brazil, in the south of the country, bordered on the north by São Paulo state, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Santa Catarina state and the province of Misiones, Argentina, and on the west by Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, with the Paraná River as its western boundary line.
Pará is a state in northern Brazil traversed by the lower Amazon River.
In linguistics, periphrasis is the usage of multiple separate words to carry the meaning of prefixes, suffixes or verbs, among other things, where either would be possible.
Pernambuco is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
Piauí is one of the states of Brazil, located in the country's Northeast Region.
A pidgin, or pidgin language, is a grammatically simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups that do not have a language in common: typically, its vocabulary and grammar are limited and often drawn from several languages.
Pindamonhangaba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, located in the Paraíba valley, between the two most active production and consumption regions in the country, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, also called pineapples, and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Portuguese Brazilians (luso-brasileiros) are Brazilian citizens whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Portugal.
Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century.
Portuguese grammar, the morphology and syntax of the Portuguese language, is similar to the grammar of most other Romance languages — especially that of Spanish, and even more so to that of Galician.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Portuguese is spoken in a number of African countries and is the official language in six African states: Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe and Equatorial Guinea.
The Portuguese Language Orthographic Agreement of 1990 (Acordo Ortográfico da Língua Portuguesa de 1990) is an international treaty whose purpose is to create a unified orthography for the Portuguese language, to be used by all the countries that have Portuguese as their official language.
Portuguese verbs display a high degree of inflection.
The Portuguese-speaking African countries (also referred to as Lusophone Africa) consist of six African countries in which the Portuguese language is an official language: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe and, since 2011, Equatorial Guinea.
The present tense (abbreviated or) is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in present time.
Prestige is the level of regard normally accorded a specific language or dialect within a speech community, relative to other languages or dialects.
A Pretzel (Breze(l)) is a type of baked bread product made from dough most commonly shaped into a twisted knot.
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun (abbreviated) is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual or cisgender.
Quindim is a popular Brazilian baked dessert, made chiefly from sugar, egg yolks, and ground coconut.
Rachel de Queiroz (November 17, 1910 – November 4, 2003) was a Brazilian author, translator and journalist.
Recife is the fourth-largest urban agglomeration in Brazil with 3,995,949 inhabitants, the largest urban agglomeration of the North/Northeast Regions, and the capital and largest city of the state of Pernambuco in the northeast corner of South America.
Brazil is geopolitically divided into five regions (also called macroregions) by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE); each region is composed of three or more states.
() is a form of alternative medicine developed in 1922 by Mikao Usui.
The Republic of the Congo (République du Congo), also known as the Congo-Brazzaville, the Congo Republic or simply the Congo, is a country in Central Africa.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil.
Rio Grande do Sul (lit. Great Southern River) is a state located in the southern region of Brazil.
Rioplatense Spanish (español rioplatense, locally castellano rioplatense) is a dialect of the Spanish language spoken mainly in the areas in and around the Río de la Plata Basin of Argentina and Uruguay.
Rock-paper-scissors (also known as scissors-paper-rock or other variants) is a hand game usually played between two people, in which each player simultaneously forms one of three shapes with an outstretched hand.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
Rondônia is a state in Brazil, located in the north part of the country.
Rubem Fonseca (born May 11, 1925) is a Brazilian writer.
Salvador, also known as São Salvador, Salvador de Bahia, and Salvador da Bahia, is the capital of the Brazilian state of Bahia.
Samba is a Brazilian musical genre and dance style, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly of Angola and the Congo, through the samba de roda genre of the northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia, from which it derived.
is a Japanese and American English term used in parts of the world such as South America and North America to specify the children of children born to ethnic Japanese in a new country of residence.
Santa Catarina (Saint Catherine) is a state in the southern region of Brazil.
Santos (Saints) is a municipality in the Brazilian state of São Paulo, founded in 1546 by the Portuguese nobleman Brás Cubas.
Sauerbraten (German: "sour roast" from sauer for "sour" or "pickled" and Braten for "roast meat") is a German pot roast that can be prepared with a variety of meats—most often beef, but also from venison, lamb, mutton, pork, and traditionally, horse.
Sauerkraut is finely cut cabbage that has been fermented by various lactic acid bacteria.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus.
São Toméan Portuguese (português santomense or português de São Tomé) is a dialect of Portuguese spoken in São Tomé and Príncipe.
A Schützenfest (marksmen's festival) is a traditional festival or fair featuring a target shooting competition in the cultures of both Germany and Switzerland.
In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, 1st Count of Oeiras (13 May 1699 – 8 May 1782), popularly known as Marquis of Pombal, was an 18th-century Portuguese statesman.
Sergipe, officially State of Sergipe, is a state of Brazil.
The Sertão ("outback" or "backcountry") is one of the four sub-regions of the northeast of Brazil.
Shiatsu (指圧) is a form of Japanese bodywork based on ideas in traditional Chinese medicine.
In an alphabetic writing system, a silent letter is a letter that, in a particular word, does not correspond to any sound in the word's pronunciation.
Slavery in Brazil began long before the first Portuguese settlement was established in 1532, as members of one tribe would enslave captured members of another.
Social stigma is disapproval of (or discontent with) a person based on socially characteristic grounds that are perceived.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
In sociolinguistics, a sociolect or social dialect is a variety of language (a register) used by a socioeconomic class, a profession, an age group or other social group.
Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language.
The South Region of Brazil (Região Sul do Brasil) is one of the five regions of Brazil.
The Southeast Region of Brazil (Região Sudeste do Brasil) is composed by the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
A strudel is a type of layered pastry with a filling that is usually sweet.
The subjunctive is a grammatical mood (that is, a way of speaking that allows people to express their attitude toward what they are saying) found in many languages.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
A tag question (also known as tail question) is a grammatical structure in which a declarative or an imperative statement is turned into interrogative fragment (the "tag").
Tai chi (taiji), short for T'ai chi ch'üan, or Taijiquan (pinyin: tàijíquán; 太极拳), is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits.
Tarantella is a group of various folk dances characterized by a fast upbeat tempo, usually in 8 time (sometimes or), accompanied by tambourines.
A telenovela is a type of limited-run television serial drama or soap opera produced primarily in Latin America.
Tiramisu (from the Italian language, spelled tiramisù, from the Venetian tiramesù, meaning "pick me up", "cheer me up" or "lift me up") is a coffee-flavoured Italian dessert.
Tocantins is one of the states of Brazil.
In linguistics, the topic, or theme, of a sentence is what is being talked about, and the comment (rheme or focus) is what is being said about the topic.
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
Toucans are members of the Neotropical near passerine bird family Ramphastidae.
The transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil occurred with the strategic retreat of Queen Maria I of Portugal, Prince Regent John, also referred to as Dom João or Dom João VI, and the Braganza royal family and its court of nearly 15,000 people from Lisbon on November 29, 1807.
The Triângulo Mineiro is an area in the west of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
In phonetics, a triphthong (from Greek τρίφθογγος, "triphthongos", literally "with three sounds," or "with three tones") is a monosyllabic vowel combination involving a quick but smooth movement of the articulator from one vowel quality to another that passes over a third.
Old Tupi or classical Tupi is an extinct Tupian language which was spoken by the native Tupi people of Brazil, mostly those who inhabited coastal regions in South and Southeast Brazil.
Tupi–Guarani is the name of the most widely distributed subfamily of the Tupian languages of South America.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.
Wakeboarding is a surface water sport which involves riding a wakeboard over the surface of a body of water.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
West Iberian is a branch of the Romance languages that includes Castilian (Spanish and Judaeo-Spanish/Ladino), Astur-Leonese (Asturian, Extremaduran, Leonese, Mirandese and Cantabrian, where cantabrian language is listed in the Astur-Leonese linguistic group.), and the modern descendants of Galician-Portuguese (Galician, Portuguese, and the Fala language).
Western Romance languages are one of the two subdivisions of a proposed subdivision of the Romance languages based on the La Spezia–Rimini line.
Wiktionary is a multilingual, web-based project to create a free content dictionary of all words in all languages.
Wurstsalat (German, literally sausage salad) is a tart sausage salad prepared with distilled white vinegar, oil and onions.
In linguistics, a yes–no question, formally known as a polar question or a general question, is a question whose expected answer is either "yes" or "no".
is a Japanese diasporic term used in countries, particularly in North America and in Latin America, to specify the great-grandchildren of Japanese immigrants (Issei).
Yoruba (Yor. èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa.
The Zona da Mata (forest area) is the narrow coastal plain between the Atlantic Ocean and the dry agreste and sertão regions in the northeastern Brazilian states of Maranhão, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia.
Zona da Mata is a mesoregion of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, situated in the southeastern part of the state, along the border of the states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo.
American portuguese, Brazilian Portugese, Brazilian Portuguese Language, Brazilian Portuguese language, Brazilian and European Portuguese, Brazilian and Portuguese varieties, Brazilian language, Brazilian portuguese, Brazilian-Portuguese, Differences between Brazilian and European Portuguese dialects, Differences between Brazilian and European Portuguese varieties, ISO 639:pt-BR, Portugues do Brasil, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese of Brazil, Português brasileiro, Português do Brasil, Pt BR, Pt-BR.