223 relations: Academia Brasileira de Letras, Acarajé, Alentejo, Alligator, Amerind languages, Anacoluthon, Angola, Angolan Portuguese, Antonio Candido, Anusvara, Application software, Association football, Autran Dourado, Bantu languages, Bauernfest, Beer garden, Belo Horizonte, Benin, Berimbau, Bossa nova, Bratwurst, Brazil, Brazilian cruzeiro, Brazilian diaspora, Brazilian Sign Language, Burakumin, Caipira, Camões Prize, Cambridge University Press, Capoeira, Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Caruaru, Cassava, Castro Alves, Ceará, Cecília Meireles, CELPE-Bras, Clarice Lispector, Clitic, Colonization, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Comparison of American and British English, Compound subject, Country music, Creole language, Curitiba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Demonstrative, Diglossia, Diphthong, ..., Dutch Brazil, Elision, Emo, English language, Epenthesis, Ephebe, Espírito Santo, Euclides da Cunha, Europe, European Portuguese, Ewe language, Foreign language, France Antarctique, French language, Galician-Portuguese, Gamer, Gaucho, German language, Germany, Gerund, Goal (sport), Gospel music, Graciliano Ramos, Grammar, Grammatical person, Haole, Hāfu, Hindustani phonology, Homophone, Iberian Romance languages, IETF language tag, Impersonal verb, Independent media, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, International Organization for Standardization, Internet Standard, Internet troll, Ipanema, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 639-1, ISO 639-3, Italian diaspora, Italian language, Italianism, Italic languages, Italy, Itaquaquecetuba, Japan, Japanese language, Japanese people, Jânio Quadros, João Cabral de Melo Neto, João Guimarães Rosa, Joker (playing card), Jorge Amado, José de Alencar, Karaoke, Kimbundu, Kimono, Kongo language, Kuchen, Language code, Languages of Africa, Latin, Língua Geral, Lebanon, Lingua franca, Linguistics, List of English words of Italian origin, List of English words of Portuguese origin, LOL, Lundu (dance), Lusophone, Lygia Fagundes Telles, Macaw, Machado de Assis, Macumba, Macunaíma (novel), Maranhão, Maxixe (dance), Mário de Andrade, Merchandising, Mercosur, Metre (poetry), Milréis, Minas Gerais, Modern Art Week, Moqueca, Mouse (computing), Mullet (haircut), Music of Brazil, Mutual intelligibility, Nasal consonant, Nasalization, Nheengatu language, Niger–Congo languages, Nigeria, Niterói, Oktoberfest, Orisha, Orthography, Palatalization (phonetics), Palatalization (sound change), Paraíba, Paraná (state), Pará, Periphrasis, Pernambuco, Phoneme, Phonetics, Piauí, Pidgin, Pindamonhangaba, Pineapple, Poland, Portugal, Portuguese Brazilian, Portuguese colonization of the Americas, Portuguese grammar, Portuguese in Africa, Portuguese language, Portuguese verb conjugation, Portuguese-speaking African countries, Present tense, Pretzel, Pronoun, Prostitution, Queer, Quindim, Rachel de Queiroz, Reforms of Portuguese orthography, Regions of Brazil, Republic of the Congo, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Rock-paper-scissors, Romance languages, Rubem Fonseca, Salvador, Bahia, Samba, Santa Catarina (state), Santos, São Paulo, Sauerbraten, Sauerkraut, São Paulo, São Paulo (state), São Tomean Portuguese, Schützenfest, Schwa, Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, Silent letter, Slavery in Brazil, Society of Jesus, Spain, Stress (linguistics), Strudel, Subjunctive mood, Surfing, Telenovela, Topic and comment, Toponymy, Toucan, Triphthong, Tupi language, Tupi–Guarani languages, Uruguay, Volleyball, Wakeboarding, West Iberian languages, Western Romance languages, Wiktionary, Wurstsalat, Yoruba language. Expand index (173 more) » « Shrink index
Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) (English: Brazilian Academy of Letters) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française.
Acarajé or Akara is a dish made from peeled black-eyed peas formed into a ball and then deep-fried in dendê (palm oil).
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Alentejo is a geographical, historical and cultural region of south-central and southern Portugal.
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An alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae.
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Amerind is a hypothetical higher-level language family proposed by Joseph Greenberg in 1960 and elaborated by his student Merritt Ruhlen.
An anacoluthon (from the Greek, anakolouthon, from an-: 'not' + akolouthos: 'following') is an unexpected discontinuity in the expression of ideas within a sentence, leading to a form of words in which there is logical incoherence of thought.
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Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
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Angolan Portuguese (Português de Angola) is a group of dialects and accents of the Portuguese language used mostly in Angola where it is an official language.
Antonio Candido de Mello e Souza was born in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, on July 24, 1918.
Anusvara (Sanskrit: अनुस्वारः) is the diacritic used to mark a type of nasalization used in a number of Indic scripts.
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An application program (or application for short) is a computer program designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Waldomiro Freitas Autran Dourado (1926 – September 30, 2012) was a Brazilian novelist.
The Bantu languages, technically the Narrow Bantu languages, constitute a traditional branch of the Niger–Congo languages.
Bauernfest (also called the Festival of the German Settlers) is a traditional festival that is held to honor the Germans that immigrated to Brazil.
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A beer garden (a loan translation from the German Biergarten) is an outdoor area in which beer and local food are served, typically at shared tables.
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Belo Horizonte (Beautiful Horizon) is the sixth largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth largest city in South America and the sixteenth largest city in the Americas.
Benin (or; Bénin), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.
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The berimbau (Brazilian Portuguese) is a single-string percussion instrument, a musical bow, from Brazil.
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Bossa nova is a genre of Brazilian music, which developed and was popularized in the 1950s and '60s and is today one of the best-known Brazilian music genres abroad.
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A bratwurst, also known as a brat in American English, is a sausage usually composed of veal, pork or beef.
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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
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The cruzeiro was the currency of Brazil from 1942 to 1986 (two distinct currencies) and again between 1990 and 1993.
The Brazilian diaspora comprises Brazilians who have migrated to other countries, a fairly recent phenomenon that has been driven mainly by economic problems that afflicted Brazil from the ending of the military dictatorship in the 1980s to the early 2000s (decade).
Brazilian Sign Language (BSL), also known as "Libras" (from "Língua Brasileira de Sinais") and variously abbreviated as LSB, LGB or LSCB (Brazilian Cities Sign Language),Ferreira-Brito, Lucinda and Langevin, Rémi (1994), The Sublexical Structure of a Sign Language, Mathématiques, Informatique et Sciences Humaines 32:125, 1994, pp.
is an outcast group at the bottom of the Japanese social order that has historically been the victim of severe discrimination and ostracism.
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Caipira ((Old Tupi ka'apir or kaa - pira, which means "bush cutter") is a Brazilian Portuguese term used to designate inhabitants of rural, remote areas of some Brazilian states. It can be considered pejorative when used to describe others, but it can also be used as a self-identifier without negative connotations. In the traditional festas juninas people who are not otherwise considered as such dress up as stereotypical Caipiras. It is also used as a name for a group of dialects of Portuguese in the states of São Paulo and neighboring areas in Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, the south of Minas Gerais, and part of Paraná. By extension, the term caipira can also be applied to the different cultural manifestations of the caipiras, such as their music. The diminutive form derived from the caipira noun, caipirinha, is known as a cocktail worldwide.
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The Camões Prize (Portuguese, Prémio Camões), named after Luís de Camões is the most important prize for literature in the Portuguese language.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Capoeira is a Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics and music, and is sometimes referred to as a game.
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Carlos Drummond de Andrade (October 31, 1902 – August 17, 1987) was perhaps the most influential Brazilian poet of the 20th century.
Caruaru is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Pernambuco.
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Manihot esculenta, with common names cassava, Brazilian arrowroot, manioc, and tapioca, is a woody shrub of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, native to South America.
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Antônio Frederico de Castro Alves (March 14, 1847 – July 6, 1871) was a Brazilian poet and playwright, famous for his abolitionist and republican poems.
Ceará (locally in Ceará or Northeast Region, Brazil the pronunciation is) is one of the 27 states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Atlantic coast.
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Cecília Benevides de Carvalho Meireles (Rio de Janeiro, 1901–1964) was a Brazilian writer and educator, known principally as a poet.
CELPE-Bras (Certificado de Proficiência em Língua Portuguesa para Estrangeiros or Certificate of Proficiency in Portuguese for Foreigners) is the only certificate of proficiency in Brazilian Portuguese as a Second language officially recognized and developed by the Brazilian Ministry of Education (MEC).
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Clarice Lispector (December 10, 1920December 9, 1977) was a Brazilian writer who has been described as possibly the most important Jewish writer since Franz Kafka.
In morphology and syntax, a clitic (from Greek κλιτικός klitikos, "inflexional") is a morpheme that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase.
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Colonization (or colonisation) occurs whenever there is a large-scale migration of any one or more groups of people to a colonial area.
The Community of Portuguese Language Countries or Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa, (EP), (BP); abbreviated as CPLP) is the intergovernmental organization for friendship and cooperation among lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) nations, where Portuguese is an official language.
This is one of a series of articles about the differences between British English and American English, which, for the purposes of these articles, are defined as follows.
In grammar, a compound subject is a type of subject where two or more individual noun phrases are coordinated to form a single, larger noun phrase.
Country music is a genre of American popular music that originated in the Southern United States in the 1920s.
A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language that has developed from a pidgin (i.e. a simplified language or simplified mixture of languages used by non-native speakers) becoming nativized by children as their first language, with the accompanying effect of a fully developed vocabulary and system of grammar.
Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land") is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Paraná.
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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, DRC, DROC, RDC, Congo-Kinshasa, or simply Congo is a country located in Central Africa.
Demonstratives are words like this and that, used to indicate which entities are being referred to and to distinguish those entities from others.
In linguistics, diglossia (διγλωσσία The high variety may be an older stage of the same language (e.g. Latin in the early Middle Ages), an unrelated language, or a distinct yet closely related present day dialect (e.g. Norwegian with Bokmål and Nynorsk, or Chinese with Mandarin as the official, literary standard and colloquial topolects/dialects used in everyday communication). Other examples include literary Katharevousa versus spoken Demotic Greek, Indonesian, with its Baku and Gaul forms, and the Dravidian language Tamil of southern India and Telugu with their respective high and low registers.
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A diphthong (Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, refers to two adjacent vowel sounds occurring within the same syllable.
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Dutch Brazil, also known as New Holland, was the northern portion of Brazil, ruled by the Dutch during the Dutch colonization of the Americas between 1581 and 1654.
In linguistics, Elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
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Emo is a style of rock music characterized by expressive, often confessional, lyrics.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
In phonology, epenthesis (ἐπένθεσις) means the addition of one or more sounds to a word, especially to the interior of a word.
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Ephebe (from the Greek ephebos ἔφηβος (plural: epheboi ἔφηβοι), anglicised as ephebe (plural: ephebes), or Latinate ephebus (plural: ephebi) is the term for an adolescent male. Ephebe may refer to.
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Espírito Santo is one of the states of southeastern Brazil, often referred to by the abbreviation "ES".
Euclides (archaic spelling Euclydes) da Cunha (January 20, 1866 – August 15, 1909) was a Brazilian journalist, sociologist and engineer.
Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
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European Portuguese (Português europeu), also known as Lusitanian Portuguese (Português lusitano) and Portuguese of Portugal (Português de Portugal) in Brazil, refers to the Portuguese language spoken in Portugal.
Ewe is a Niger–Congo language spoken in southeastern Ghana and southern Togo by over three million people.
A foreign language is a language indigenous to another country.
France Antarctique (formerly also spelled France antartique) was a French colony south of the Equator, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which existed between 1555 and 1567, and had control over the coast from Rio de Janeiro to Cabo Frio.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.
Galician-Portuguese (galego-portugués or galaico-portugués) (galego-português or galaico-português, also known as Old Portuguese or Medieval Galician), was a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Middle Ages, in the northwest area of the Iberian Peninsula.
A "Gamer" is someone who plays interactive games, such as video games or tabletop games.
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Gaucho or gaúcho is a resident of the South American pampas, Gran Chaco, or Patagonian grasslands, found mainly in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Southeastern Bolivia, Southern Brazil and Southern Chile.
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German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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The gerund is a non-finite verb form that can function as a noun in Latin and English grammar.
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Goal refers to a method of scoring in many sports.
Gospel music is a music genre in Christian music.
Graciliano Ramos de Oliveira (October 27, 1892 – March 20, 1953) was a Brazilian post-modernist writer, politician and journalist.
In linguistics, grammar is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
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Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker, the addressee, and others.
Haole (Hawaiian) is a term used in the U.S. state of Hawaii to refer to individuals of non-Hawaiian ancestry, in contrast to those of native Hawaiian ancestry and the other ethnicities that were brought in to work the plantations.
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The word is used in Japanese to refer to somebody who is biracial, i.e., ethnically half Japanese.
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Hindustani is the lingua franca of northern India and Pakistan, and through its two standardized registers, Hindi and Urdu, an official language of India and Pakistan.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning, and may differ in spelling.
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The Iberian Romance, Ibero-Romance or simply Iberian languages are the Romance languages that developed on the Iberian Peninsula, an area consisting primarily of Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra, and in southern France.
An IETF language tag is an abbreviated language code (for example, en for English, pt-BR for Brazilian Portuguese, or nan-Hant-TW for Min Nan Chinese as spoken in Taiwan using traditional Han characters) defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) in the BCP 47 document series, which is currently composed of normative RFC 5646 (referencing the related RFC 5645) and RFC 4647, along with the normative content of the IANA Language Subtag Registry.
In linguistics, an impersonal verb is one that has no determinate subject.
Independent media refers to any form of media, such as radio, television, newspapers or the Internet, that is free of influence by government or corporate interests.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
In computer network engineering, an Internet Standard (abbreviated as "STD") is a normative specification of a technology or methodology applicable to the Internet.
In Internet slang, a troll is a person who sows discord on the Internet by starting arguments or upsetting people, by posting inflammatory, extraneous, or off-topic messages in an online community (such as a newsgroup, forum, chat room, or blog) with the deliberate intent of provoking readers into an emotional response or of otherwise disrupting normal on-topic discussion, often for their own amusement.
Ipanema is a neighbourhood located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between Leblon and Arpoador.
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ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.
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ISO 639-3:2007, Codes for the representation of names of languages – Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages, is an international standard for language codes in the ISO 639 series.
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The Italian diaspora is the large-scale migration of Italians away from Italy in the period between the unification of Italy in 1861 and the rise of Italian Fascism during the 1920s, as well as one last wave can be observed after the end of World War II (or the people who participated in those migrations).
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, as a second language in Albania, Malta, Slovenia and Croatia, by minorities in Crimea, Eritrea, France, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania and Somalia, – Gordon, Raymond G., Jr.
Italianism may refer to.
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The Italic languages are a subfamily of the Indo-European language family originally spoken by Italic peoples.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
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Itaquaquecetuba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.
Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
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is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
The are an ethnic group native to Japan.
Jânio da Silva Quadros (January 25, 1917 — February 16, 1992) was a Brazilian politician who served as President of Brazil from 31 January to 25 August 1961, when he resigned from office.
João Cabral de Melo Neto (January 9, 1920 – October 9, 1999) was a Brazilian poet and diplomat under the aesthetics of modernism.
João Guimarães Rosa (27 June 1908 – 19 November 1967) was a Brazilian novelist, considered by many to be one of the greatest Brazilian novelists born in the 20th century.
The Joker is a playing card found in most modern card decks, as an addition to the standard four suits (clubs, diamonds, hearts and spades).
Jorge Leal Amado de Faria (10 August 1912 – 6 August 2001) was a Brazilian writer of the modernist school.
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José Martiniano de Alencar (May 1, 1829 – December 12, 1877) was a Brazilian lawyer, politician, orator, novelist and dramatist.
(or) is a form of interactive entertainment or video game in which an amateur singer sings along with recorded music (a music video) using a microphone and public address system.
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Kimbundu, or North Mbundu, one of two Bantu languages called Mbundu (see Umbundu), is the second-most-widely spoken Bantu language in Angola.
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The is a Japanese traditional garment.
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Kongo or Kikongo, is the Bantu language spoken by the Bakongo and Bandundu people living in the tropical forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Angola.
Kuchen, the German word for cake, is used in other languages as the name for several different types of sweet desserts, pastries, and gateaux.
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A language code is a code that assigns letters or numbers as identifiers or classifiers for languages.
There are 1,250 to 2,100 and by some counts over 3,000 languages spoken natively in Africa, in several major language families.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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Língua Geral (General Language) is the name of two distinct lingua francas spoken in Brazil, the língua geral paulista (tupi austral or Southern Tupi), spoken in the region of São Paulo, now extinct; and the língua geral amazônica (tupinambá) of the Amazon, whose modern descendant is Nheengatu.
Lebanon (or; لبنان or; Lebanese Arabic:; Aramaic: לבנאן; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
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A lingua franca (plural lingua francas), also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language or vehicular language, is a language or dialect systematically (as opposed to occasionally, or casually) used to make communication possible between persons not sharing a native language or dialect, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both native languages.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language.
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This is a partial list of known or supposed Italian loanwords in English.
This is a list of English words potentially borrowed or derived from Portuguese (or Galician-Portuguese).
LOL or lol, an acronym for laugh(ing) out loud, is a popular element of Internet slang.
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Lundu (also spelled landu or landum) is a style of Afro-Brazilian music and dance with its origins in the African Bantu and Portuguese people.
Lusophones (lusófonos) are people who speak the Portuguese language, either as native speakers or as learners.
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Lygia Fagundes Telles (born April 19, 1923) is a Brazilian novelist and short-story writer.
Macaws are long-tailed, often colourful New World parrots.
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Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, often known by his surnames as Machado de Assis, Machado, or Bruxo do Cosme VelhoVainfas, p. 505.
Macumba is a word meaning both "a musical instrument" and "magic".
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Macunaíma is a 1928 novel by Brazilian writer Mário de Andrade.
Maranhão is a northeastern state of Brazil.
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The maxixe, occasionally known as the Brazilian tango, is a dance, with its accompanying music (often played as a subgenre of choro), that originated in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro in 1868, at about the same time as the tango was developing in neighbouring Argentina and Uruguay.
Mário Raul de Morais Andrade (October 9, 1893 – February 25, 1945) was a Brazilian poet, novelist, musicologist, art historian and critic, and photographer.
In the broadest sense, merchandising is any practice which contributes to the sale of products to a retail consumer.
Mercosur or Mercosul (Mercado Común del Sur, Mercado Comum do Sul, Ñemby Ñemuha, Southern Common Market) is a sub-regional bloc.
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In poetry, metre (meter in American spelling) is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse.
The mil-réis (literally one thousand réis) was effectively a unit of currency in both Portugal (until 1911) and Brazil (until 1942).
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Minas Gerais is one of the 26 states of Brazil.
The Modern Art Week (or Semana de Arte Moderna, in Portuguese) was an arts festival in São Paulo, Brazil, that ran from February 11 to February 18, 1922.
Moqueca (or depending on the dialect, also spelled muqueca) is a Brazilian recipe based on salt water fish stew in coconut milk, tomatoes, onions, garlic, coriander and some palm oil (dendê).
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In computing, a mouse is a pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
The mullet is a hairstyle that is short at the front and sides and long in the back.
The music of Brazil encompasses various regional music styles influenced by African, European and Amerindian forms.
In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without intentional study or special effort.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
In phonetics, nasalization (or nasalisation) is the production of a sound while the velum is lowered, so that some air escapes through the nose during the production of the sound by the mouth.
The Nheengatu language (Tupi), often spelled Nhengatu, is an Amerindian language of the Tupi–Guarani family.
The Niger–Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families, and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers, and number of distinct languages.
Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
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Niterói is a municipality of the state of Rio de Janeiro in the southeast region of Brazil.
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Oktoberfest is the world's largest Volksfest (beer festival and travelling funfair).
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An orisha (spelled orichá or orixá in Latin America) is a spirit that reflects one of the manifestations of God (Eledumare, Olorun, Olofi) in Yoruba religion.
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An orthography is a set of conventions for how to write a language.
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In linguistics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
In historical linguistics, palatalization is a sound change that either results in a palatal or palatalized consonant or a front vowel, or is triggered by one of these.
Paraíba (Tupi: pa'ra a'íba: "bad for navigation") is a state of Brazil.
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Paraná is one of the 26 states of Brazil, located in the south of the country, bordered on the north by São Paulo state, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Santa Catarina state and the Misiones Province of Argentina, and on the west by Mato Grosso do Sul and the republic of Paraguay, with the Paraná River as its western boundary line.
Pará is a state in northern Brazil traversed by the lower Amazon River.
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In linguistics, periphrasis is a device by which grammatical meaning is expressed by one or more free morphemes (typically one or more function words accompanying a content word), instead of by inflectional affixes or derivation.
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Pernambuco is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country.
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A phoneme is all the phones that share the same signifier for a particular language's phonology.
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Phonetics (pronounced, from the φωνή, phōnē, 'sound, voice') is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
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Piauí is one of the states of Brazil, located in the country's Northeast Region.
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A pidgin, or pidgin language, is a grammatically simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups that do not have a language in common: typically, a mixture of simplified languages or a simplified primary language with other languages' elements included.
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Pindamonhangaba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, located in the Paraíba valley, between the two most active production and consumption regions in the country, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, and the most economically significant plant in the Bromeliaceae family.
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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north.
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Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe.
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Portuguese Brazilians (or Luso-brasileiros) are Brazilian citizens whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Portugal.
Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century.
Portuguese grammar, the morphology and syntax of the Portuguese language, is similar to the grammar of most other Romance languages—especially that of Spanish, and even more so to that of Galician.
Portuguese is spoken in a number of African countries and is the official language in six African states: Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe and Equatorial Guinea.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.
Portuguese verbs display a high degree of inflection.
The Portuguese-speaking African countries (also referred to as Lusophone Africa) consist of six African countries in which the Portuguese language is an official language: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe and Equatorial Guinea.
The present tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in present time.
A pretzel (Brezel or Breze) is a type of baked bread product made from dough most commonly shaped into a twisty knot.
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In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
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Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual relations in exchange for payment or some other benefit.
Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities that are not heterosexual or cisgender.
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Quindim is a popular Brazilian baked dessert, made chiefly from sugar, egg yolks, and ground coconut.
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Rachel de Queiroz (November 17, 1910 – November 4, 2003) was a Brazilian author, translator and journalist.
This article is about the spelling reforms of the Portuguese language.
Brazil is geopolitically divided into five regions (also called macroregions) by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE); each region is composed of three or more states.
The Republic of the Congo (République du Congo), also known as Congo Republic, West Congo, or Congo-Brazzaville, is a country located in Central Africa.
Rio de Janeiro (January River), or simply Rio, is the second-largest city in Brazil, the sixth-largest city in the Americas, and the world's thirty-fifth-largest city by population.
Rio Grande do Sul (lit. Great Southern River) is a state located in the southern region of Brazil.
Rock-paper-scissors is a zero sum hand game usually played between two people, in which each player simultaneously forms one of three shapes with an outstretched hand.
The Romance languages— sometimes called the Latin languages, and occasionally the Romanic or Neo-Latin languages—are the modern languages that evolved from spoken Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries A.D. and that thus form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
Rubem Fonseca (born May 11, 1925) is a Brazilian writer.
Salvador, formerly São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos ("Holy Savior of the Bay of All Saints") and known colloquially as Bahia or Salvador da Bahia, is the largest city and the third-largest urban agglomeration on the northeast coast of Brazil; it is the capital of the Northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia.
Samba is a Brazilian musical genre and dance style originating in Brazil, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly Angola and the Congo.
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Santa Catarina (Saint Catherine) is a state in southern Brazil.
Santos (Saints) is a municipality in the São Paulo state of Brazil, founded in 1546 by the Portuguese nobleman Brás Cubas.
Sauerbraten (German: "sour roast" from sauer for "sour" or "pickled" and Braten for "roast meat") is a German pot roast that can be prepared with a variety of meats—most often beef, but also from venison, lamb, mutton, pork, and traditionally, horse.
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Sauerkraut, directly translated: "sour cabbage", is finely cut cabbage that has been fermented by various lactic acid bacteria, including Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, and Pediococcus.
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São Paulo (Saint Paul) is a municipality, metropolis and global city located in southeastern Brazil.
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São Paulo is a state in Brazil.
São Tomean Portuguese (Português Santomense or Português de São Tomé) is a dialect of Portuguese spoken in São Tomé and Príncipe.
A Schützenfest (German "marksmen's festival") is a traditional festival or fair featuring a target shooting competition in the cultures of both Germany and Switzerland.
In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (sometimes spelled shwa) refers to the mid-central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
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D. Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal, 1st Count of Oeiras (13 May 1699 – 8 May 1782) was an 18th-century Portuguese statesman.
In an alphabetic writing system, a silent letter is a letter that, in a particular word, does not correspond to any sound in the word's pronunciation.
Slavery in Brazil began long before the first Portuguese settlement was established in 1532, as members of one tribe would enslave captured members of another.
The Society of Jesus (Societas Iesu, S.J., SJ or SI) is a male religious congregation of the Catholic Church.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence.
A strudel is a type of layered pastry with a filling that is usually sweet.
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The subjunctive is a grammatical mood found in many languages.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
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A telenovela) is a type of limited-run serial drama and popular on Europe, West Asian, Southeast Asian, Latin American, East Asian, South Asian, Arab World, Brazil, Portuguese and Spanish television networks. The word combines tele, short for televisión or televisão (Spanish and Portuguese words for television), and novela, a Spanish and Portuguese word for "novel". There are similar genres to the telenovela that use the novela format, but go by varying names including Teleserye (Philippines), Téléroman (Canada, specifically Quebec), or simply dramas (Asia from East Asia to the Arab World). Telenovelas are different from soap operas in that they rarely continue for more than a year. This makes them shorter than soap operas, but still much longer than serials. The telenovela combines drama with the 19th-century feuilleton, and naturally evolved from the Latin American radionovela, according to Blanca de Lizaur. The medium has been used frequently by authorities in various countries to transmit sociocultural messages, by incorporating them into storylines, which has decreased their credibility and audiences in the long run. Mexico was a pioneer in the 1970s and 80s using telenovelas to shape behavior, and particularly successful in introducing the idea of family planning. Recent telenovelas have evolved in the structure of their plots and in the themes that they address. Couples who kiss each other in the first minutes of the first episode sometimes stay together for many episodes before the scriptwriter splits them up. Moreover, previously taboo themes like urban violence, racism and homosexuality have been incorporated into telenovelas in more recent years. Many telenovelas share some stylistic and, to a certain extent, thematic similarities to the soap opera, a format popular in the English-speaking world; because of these similarities, the American colloquialism Spanish soap opera has come to describe the telenovela format (the telenovela format in and of itself has been attempted in the United States but, generally, to much less success than in Latin America). Telenovelas differ from soap operas primarily in their length; soap operas tend to have indefinite and continuing runs (with such programs only ending via cancellation by their network because of weak viewership) with intertwined storylines that can last in the most successful cases for decades, while telenovelas tell one self-contained story, typically within the span of a year or less. The end result is that the telenovela requires a faster-paced, more concise style of melodrama compared to the soap opera.
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In linguistics, the topic, or theme, of a sentence is what is being talked about, and the comment (rheme or focus) is what is being said about the topic.
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
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Toucans are members of the family Ramphastidae of near passerine birds from the Neotropics.
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In phonetics, a triphthong (from Greek τρίφθογγος, "triphthongos", literally "with three sounds," or "with three tones") is a monosyllabic vowel combination involving a quick but smooth movement of the articulator from one vowel quality to another that passes over a third.
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Old Tupi or Classical Tupi is an extinct Tupian language which was spoken by the native Tupí people of Brazil, mostly those who lived close to the sea.
Tupí–Guaraní is the name of the most widely distributed subfamily of the Tupian languages of South America.
Uruguay, officially the Eastern Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a country in the southeastern region of South America.
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Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.
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Wakeboarding is a surface water sport which involves riding a wakeboard over the surface of a body of water.
West Iberian is a branch of the Romance languages that includes Pyrenean–Mozarabic, Castilian (Spanish and Ladino), Astur-Leonese (Asturian, Extremaduran, Leonese, Mirandese and Cantabrian, where cantabrian language is listed in the Astur-Leonese linguistic group.), and the modern descendants of Galician-Portuguese (Galician, Portuguese, and the Fala language).
The Western Romance languages are one of the primary subdivisions of the Romance languages.
Wiktionary (whose name is a blend of the words wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, web-based project to create a free content dictionary of all words in all languages.
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Wurstsalat (German, literally sausage salad) is a tart sausage salad prepared with distilled white vinegar, oil and onions.
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Yoruba (Yor. èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa mainly in Nigeria.
American portuguese, Brazilian Portugese, Brazilian Portuguese Language, Brazilian Portuguese language, Brazilian and European Portuguese, Brazilian and Portuguese varieties, Brazilian language, Brazilian portuguese, Brazilian-Portuguese, Differences between Brazilian and European Portuguese dialects, Differences between Brazilian and European Portuguese varieties, Portugues do Brasil, Portuguese (Brazil), Português brasileiro, Português do Brasil, Pt-BR.