130 relations: Abdominoplasty, Adipose tissue, Aesthetics, Alcoholism, Alkane, Analgesic, Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, Anesthesia, Antileukotriene, Areola, Artificial cardiac pacemaker, Axilla, Bankruptcy, Birth defect, Blast injury, Blunt trauma, Body dysmorphic disorder, Breast, Breast augmentation, Breast cancer, Breast enlargement supplement, Breast hematoma, Breast reconstruction, Breast reduction, Cancer, Capsular contracture, Carcinogen, Cartilage, Choosing Wisely, Class action, Clinical trial, Collagen, Complication (medicine), Contracture, Depression (mood), Digestion, Dow Corning, Elastomer, Endoscope, Epithelium, Fascia, Food and Drug Administration, Granuloma, Gutta-percha, Gynecomastia, Hematoma, Human body, Immune response, Inflammation, Inframammary fold, ..., Ivory, Libido, Lipoma, Longitudinal study, Lumbar, Lumpectomy, Lung cancer, Lymph node, Lymphadenopathy, Magnetic resonance imaging, Mammaplasty, Mammary gland, Mammography, Mass concentration (chemistry), Mastectomy, Mastopexy, Medical device, Medical ultrasound, Mental health, Mentor (company), Molality, Montelukast, Narcotic, National Academy of Sciences, Natural rubber, Navel, Operating theater, Orthopedic surgery, Ox, Pectoralis major, Pectoralis minor, Penetrating trauma, Plastic surgery, Platinum, Poly Implant Prothèse, Polyester, Polyethylene, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polypropylene breast implant, Polyurethane, Polyvinyl alcohol, Prosthesis, Psychopathology, Psychotherapy, Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy, Radiation therapy, Radiology, Reconstructive surgery, Retromammary space, Rheumatism, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, Saline (medicine), Scar, Self-esteem, Self-image, Seroma, Serratus, Sexual attraction, Silicone, Slate (magazine), Sociology of health and illness, Sodium chloride, Soybean, Standardized mortality ratio, Statistics, Suicide, Surgery, Surgical suture, Symmastia, Technology, Tissue expansion, Tobacco smoking, Trans-umbilical breast augmentation, Tuberous breasts, Ultrasound, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Vincenz Czerny, Vulcanization, Wool, Zafirlukast. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
Abdominoplasty or "tummy tuck" is a cosmetic surgery procedure used to make the abdomen thinner and more firm.
In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.
Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving aberrant T cells or null lymphocytes.
In the practice of medicine (especially surgery and dentistry), anesthesia or anaesthesia (from Greek "without sensation") is a state of temporary induced loss of sensation or awareness.
An antileukotriene is a drug which functions as a leukotriene-related enzyme inhibitor (arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase) or leukotriene receptor antagonist (cysteinyl leukotriene receptors) and consequently opposes the function of these inflammatory mediators; leukotrienes are produced by the immune system and serve to promote bronchoconstriction, inflammation, microvascular permeability, and mucus secretion in asthma and COPD.
The human areola (areola mammae, in. or) is the pigmented area on the breast around the nipple.
A pacemaker (or artificial pacemaker, so as not to be confused with the heart's natural pacemaker) is a medical device that generates electrical impulses delivered by electrodes to contract the heart muscles and regulate the electrical conduction system of the heart.
The axilla (also, armpit, underarm or oxter) is the area on the human body directly under the joint where the arm connects to the shoulder.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.
A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.
A blast injury is a complex type of physical trauma resulting from direct or indirect exposure to an explosion.
Blunt trauma, blunt injury, non-penetrating trauma or blunt force trauma is physical trauma to a body part, either by impact, injury or physical attack.
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), occasionally still called dysmorphophobia, is a mental disorder characterized by the obsessive idea that some aspect of one's own body part or appearance is severely flawed and warrants exceptional measures to hide or fix their dysmorphic part on their person.
The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.
Breast augmentation and augmentation mammoplasty (colloquially known as a "boob job") are plastic surgery terms for the breast-implant and the fat-graft mammoplasty approaches used to increase the size, change the shape, and alter the texture of the breasts of a woman.
Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.
Breast enlargement supplements are frequently portrayed as being a natural means to increase breast size, and with the suggestion that they are free from risk.
Breast hematoma is a collection of blood within the breast.
Breast reconstruction is the rebuilding of a breast, usually in women.
Reduction mammoplasty (also breast reduction and reduction mammaplasty) is the plastic surgery procedure for reducing the size of large breasts.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Capsular contracture is a response of the immune system to foreign materials in the human body.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.
Choosing Wisely is a United States-based health educational campaign, led by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM).
A class action, class suit, or representative action is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is a group of people who are represented collectively by a member of that group.
Clinical trials are experiments or observations done in clinical research.
Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.
Complication, in medicine, is an unfavorable evolution or consequence of a disease, a health condition or a therapy.
A muscle contracture is a permanent shortening of a muscle or joint.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.
Dow Corning was an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States.
An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (i. e., both viscosity and elasticity) and very weak intermolecular forces, and generally low Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials.
An endoscope is an illuminated optical, typically slender and tubular instrument (a type of borescope) used to look deep into the body and used in procedures called an endoscopy.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
A fascia (plural fasciae; adjective fascial; from Latin: "band") is a band or sheet of connective tissue, primarily collagen, beneath the skin that attaches, stabilizes, encloses, and separates muscles and other internal organs.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Granuloma is an inflammation found in many diseases.
Gutta-percha refers to trees of the genus Palaquium in the family Sapotaceae and the rigid natural latex produced from the sap of these trees, particularly from Palaquium gutta.
Gynecomastia is an endocrine system disorder in which a noncancerous increase in the size of male breast tissue occurs.
A hematoma (US spelling) or haematoma (UK spelling) is a localized collection of blood outside the blood vessels, due to either disease or trauma including injury or surgery and may involve blood continuing to seep from broken capillaries.
The human body is the entire structure of a human being.
The Immune response is the body's response caused by its immune system being activated by antigens.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Inframammary fold (IMF), inframammary crease or inframammary line is the feature of human anatomy which is a natural boundary of a breast from below, the place where the breast and the chest meet.
Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephants') and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing.
Libido, colloquially known as sex drive, is a person's overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity.
A lipoma is a benign tumor made of fat tissue.
A longitudinal study (or longitudinal survey, or panel study) is a research design that involves repeated observations of the same variables (e.g., people) over short or long periods of time (i.e., uses longitudinal data).
In tetrapod anatomy, lumbar is an adjective that means of or pertaining to the abdominal segment of the torso, between the diaphragm and the sacrum. The lumbar region is sometimes referred to as the lower spine, or as an area of the back in its proximity.
Lumpectomy (sometimes known as a tylectomy) is a surgical removal of a discrete portion or "lump" of breast, usually in the treatment of malignant tumor or breast cancer.
Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.
A lymph node or lymph gland is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the adaptive immune system, that is widely present throughout the body.
Lymphadenopathy or adenopathy is disease of the lymph nodes, in which they are abnormal in size, number, or consistency.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
Mammaplasty (also called mammoplasty or mastoplasty) refers to a group of surgical procedures, the goal of which is to reshape or otherwise modify the appearance of the breast.
A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in mammals that produces milk to feed young offspring.
Mammography (also called mastography) is the process of using low-energy X-rays (usually around 30 kVp) to examine the human breast for diagnosis and screening.
In chemistry, the mass concentration is defined as the mass of a constituent divided by the volume of the mixture: For a pure chemical the mass concentration equals its density (mass divided by volume); thus the mass concentration of a component in a mixture can be called the density of a component in a mixture.
Mastectomy (from Greek μαστός "breast" and ἐκτομή ektomia "cutting out") is the medical term for the surgical removal of one or both breasts, partially or completely.
Mastopexy (Greek μαστός mastos “breast” + -pēxiā “affix”) is the plastic surgery mammoplasty procedure for raising sagging breasts upon the chest of the woman; by changing and modifying the size, contour, and elevation of the breasts.
A medical device is any apparatus, appliance, software, material, or other article—whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application—intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings for the purpose of.
Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.
Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.
Mentor Worldwide LLC is an American company that supplies surgical aesthetics products to plastic surgeons.
Molality, also called molal concentration, is a measure of the concentration of a solute in a solution in terms of amount of substance in a specified amount of mass of the solvent.
Montelukast (trade name Singulair) is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) used for the maintenance treatment of asthma and to relieve symptoms of seasonal allergies.
The term narcotic (from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
The navel (clinically known as the umbilicus, colloquially known as the belly button, or tummy button) is a hollowed or sometimes raised area on the abdomen at the attachment site of the umbilical cord.
An operating theater (also known as an operating room, operating suite, operation theatre, operation suite or OR) is a facility within a hospital where surgical operations are carried out in a sterile environment.
Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics, also spelled orthopaedic, is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.
The pectoralis major is a thick, fan-shaped muscle, situated at the chest (anterior) of the human body.
The pectoralis minor is a thin, triangular muscle, situated at the upper part of the chest, beneath the pectoralis major in the human body.
Penetrating trauma is an injury that occurs when an object pierces the skin and enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound.
Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
Poly Implant Prothèse (PIP) was a French company founded in 1991 that produced silicone gel breast implants.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.
Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.
Polypropylene breast implants, also known as string breast implants, are a form of breast implant using polypropylene developed by Dr.
Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.
Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH, PVA, or PVAl) is a water-soluble synthetic polymer.
In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prosthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; effective classification schemes (nosology); course across all stages of development; manifestations; and treatment.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.
Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMFT), also known as low field magnetic stimulation (LFMS), and tumor treating fields (TTF) uses electromagnetic fields in an attempt to heal non-union fractures, glioblastomas (brain tumors) and depression.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.
Radiology is the science that uses medical imaging to diagnose and sometimes also treat diseases within the body.
Reconstructive surgery is, in its broadest sense, the use of surgery to restore the form and function of the body; maxillo-facial surgeons, plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists do reconstructive surgery on faces after trauma and to reconstruct the head and neck after cancer.
Retromammary space is a loose areolar tissue that separates the breast from the pectoralis major muscle.
Rheumatism or rheumatic disorder is an umbrella term for conditions causing chronic, often intermittent pain affecting the joints and/or connective tissue.
The Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES), developed by sociologist Dr.
Saline, also known as saline solution, is a mixture of sodium chloride in water and has a number of uses in medicine.
A scar is an area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after an injury.
Self-esteem reflects an individual's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.
Self-image is the mental picture, generally of a kind that is quite resistant to change, that depicts not only details that are potentially available to objective investigation by others (height, weight, hair color, etc.), but also items that have been learned by that person about themself, either from personal experiences or by internalizing the judgments of others.
A seroma is a pocket of clear serous fluid that sometimes develops in the body after surgery.
Serratus means a muscle in the trunk (thorax).
Sexual attraction is attraction on the basis of sexual desire or the quality of arousing such interest.
Silicones, also known as polysiloxanes, are polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a chain of alternating silicon atoms and oxygen atoms, combined with carbon, hydrogen, and sometimes other elements.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
The sociology of health and illness, alternatively the sociology of health and wellness (or simply health sociology), examines the interaction between society and health.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
In epidemiology, the standardized mortality ratio or SMR, is a quantity, expressed as either a ratio or percentage quantifying the increase or decrease in mortality of a study cohort with respect to the general population.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.
Symmastia is a condition defined as a confluence of the breast tissue of both breasts across the midline anterior to the sternum.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Tissue expansion is a technique used by plastic and restorative surgeons to cause the body to grow additional skin, bone, or other tissues.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Trans-umbilical breast augmentation (TUBA) is a type of breast augmentation in which breast implants are placed through an incision at the navel rather than the chest.
Tuberous breasts (or tubular breasts) are a result of a congenital abnormality of the breasts which can occur in both men and women (also see Hypoplasia), one breast or both.
Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
Vincenz Czerny (19 November 1842 – 3 October 1916) was a German Bohemian surgeon whose main contributions were in the fields of oncological and gynecological surgery.
Vulcanization or vulcanisation is a chemical process for converting natural rubber or related polymers into more durable materials by heating them with sulfur or other equivalent curatives or accelerators.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
Zafirlukast is an orally administered leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) used for the chronic treatment of asthma.
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