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Index Breda

Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant. [1]

221 relations: 's-Hertogenbosch, A16 motorway (Netherlands), A27 motorway (Netherlands), A58 motorway (Netherlands), Aa of Weerijs, Abbott Laboratories, Academy of Saumur, Adriaen van Bergen, Adriaen van der Donck, Alfa Laval, Alphen-Chaam, Ambrogio Spinola, Amgen, Amsterdam, Anheuser-Busch InBev, Antwerp, Antwerp (province), Aruba, Bavel, Netherlands, Beatrix of the Netherlands, Beguinage, Belgium, Brabantian dialect, Brabantine Gothic, Brabantse Stedenrij, Breda Castle, Breda Oost railway station, Breda railway station, Breda-Prinsenbeek railway station, Buddhism, Burgemeester, Capture of Breda (1581), Capture of Breda (1590), Carnival in the Netherlands, Catholic Church, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Charles II of England, Christianity, City rights in the Low Countries, Claude de Berlaymont, Colonel Tom Parker, Commonwealth of England, Congress of Breda, Copyright, County of Nassau, Daan Manneke, Dannic, Declaration of Breda, Defensive wall, ..., Diego Velázquez, Diest, Dillenburg, Dockwise, Dordrecht, Drimmelen, Duchy of Brabant, Dutch language, Dutch people, Dutch Republic, Dutch Revolt, Eerste Divisie, Eighty Years' War, Eindhoven, Electronic dance music, Elvis Presley, Engelbert I of Nassau, English language, Eredivisie, Etten-Leur, ExxonMobil, Ferdinand aus der Fünten, Fief, Field hockey, Football team, France, Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, French language, French Revolutionary Army, General Electric, General Motors, George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, German language, Germany, Gilze en Rijen, Golden Glory, Gorinchem, Gothic architecture, Grote Kerk (Breda), Guernsey, Half marathon, Hardwell, Henry III of Nassau-Breda, Hero Group, Hinduism, Holland, Holy Roman Emperor, Holy Roman Empire, Hoogstraten, House of Orange-Nassau, Hulst, Indonesia, Interbrew, Irreligion, Isaac Beeckman, Islam, Islam in the Netherlands, Johanna van Polanen, John III, Duke of Brabant, Karin Brienesse, Kees Rijvers, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Ireland, Kingdom of Scotland, Koch Media, Koepelgevangenis (Breda), Kristoffer Zegers, Labour Party (Netherlands), Liberation Day, List of cities in the Netherlands by province, List of municipalities of the Netherlands, List of sovereign states, Liverpool F.C., Lodewijck Huygens, Low Countries, Mark (Dintel), Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, Maurice, Prince of Orange, Mentos, Moat, Moerdijk, Monarchy of the Netherlands, Morocco, Municipal council (Netherlands), NAC Breda, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nijmegen, North Brabant, Oliver Cromwell, Oosterhout, Orange College of Breda, Orange, Vaucluse, Oranjeboom Brewery, Panopticon, Peace of Westphalia, Perfetti Van Melle, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Poland, Poles, Polish Armed Forces, Polish language, Postal codes in the Netherlands, Prince of Orange, Princenhage, Principality of Orange, Prinsenbeek, Protectorate, Protestant Church in the Netherlands, Provinces of the Netherlands, R3hab, Ramon Dekkers, Randalls Brewery, Redhead Day, Remco van Wijk, Renaissance architecture, René Descartes, Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers, Roman Catholic Diocese of Breda, Roosendaal, Rotterdam, Royal Netherlands Air Force, Scania AB, Sdu, Second Anglo-Dutch War, Siege of Breda (1624), Siege of Breda (1637), Sister city, Sobriquet, South Holland, Sports club, Stadtholder, Stanisław Maczek, Stedelijk Museum Breda, Stephen Gaukroger, Sugar, Summer Olympic Games, Suriname, Telephone numbers in the Netherlands, Teteringen, Texaco, The Hague, Tiësto, Tilburg, Tommaso Vincidor, Ton Lokhoff, Toshiba, Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), Treaty of Breda (1667), Turkish people, Ulvenhout, University of Geneva, University of Oxford, Utrecht, Utrecht (province), Virgil van Dijk, Vlissingen, W&W, War crime, War of the Austrian Succession, Western Europe, William II, Prince of Orange, William III of England, William the Silent, Willy Lages, World War II, Wrocław, Zandberg, North Brabant, Zeeland, Zundert, 1st Armoured Division (Poland). Expand index (171 more) »


's-Hertogenbosch (literally "The Duke's Forest" in English, and historically in French: Bois-le-Duc), colloquially known as Den Bosch (literally "The Forest" in English), is a city and municipality in the Southern Netherlands with a population of 152,968.

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A16 motorway (Netherlands)

The A16 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.

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A27 motorway (Netherlands)

The A27 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.

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A58 motorway (Netherlands)

The A58 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.

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Aa of Weerijs

The Aa of Weerijs is a river which rises in Belgium, where it arises from the confluence of the Great Aa (in Wuustwezel) and the Small Aa (in Brecht).

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Abbott Laboratories

Abbott Laboratories is an American health care company with headquarters in Lake Bluff, Illinois, United States.

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Academy of Saumur

The Academy of Saumur (Académie de Saumur) was a Huguenot university at Saumur in western France.

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Adriaen van Bergen

A Dutch skipper from Leur, Adriaen van Bergen devised the plot to recapture the city of Breda from the Spanish during the Eighty Years' War.

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Adriaen van der Donck

Adriaen Cornelissen van der Donck (16181655) was a lawyer and landowner in New Netherland after whose honorific Jonkheer the city of Yonkers, New York is named.

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Alfa Laval

Alfa Laval AB is a Swedish company, founded in 1883 by Gustaf de Laval and Oscar Lamm.

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Alphen-Chaam is a municipality in the southern Netherlands.

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Ambrogio Spinola

Ambrogio Spinola Doria, 1st Marquess of The Balbases, GE, KOGF, KOS (Genoa, 1569Castelnuovo Scrivia, 25 September 1630) was a Genoese general who served for the Spanish crown and won a number of important battles.

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Amgen Inc. (formerly Applied Molecular Genetics Inc.) is an American multinational biopharmaceutical company headquartered in Thousand Oaks, California.

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Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Anheuser-Busch InBev

Anheuser-Busch InBev SA/NV (abbreviated as AB InBev) is a Belgian-Brazilian transnational beverage and brewing company with global headquarters in Leuven, Belgium.

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Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.

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Antwerp (province)

Antwerp (Antwerpen) is the northernmost province both of the Flemish Region, also called Flanders, and of Belgium.

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Aruba (Papiamento) is an island and a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea, located about west of the main part of the Lesser Antilles and north of the coast of Venezuela.

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Bavel, Netherlands

Bavel is a village in the southern Netherlands.

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Beatrix of the Netherlands

Beatrix (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard,; born 31 January 1938) is a member of the Dutch royal family who reigned as Queen of the Netherlands from 30 April 1980 until her abdication on 30 April 2013.

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A beguinage, from the French term béguinage, is an architectural complex which was created to house beguines: lay religious women who lived in community without taking vows or retiring from the world.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Brabantian dialect

Brabantian or Brabantish, also Brabantic (Brabants, Standard Dutch pronunciation:, Brabantian), is a dialect group of the Dutch language.

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Brabantine Gothic

Brabantine Gothic, occasionally called Brabantian Gothic, is a significant variant of Gothic architecture that is typical for the Low Countries.

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Brabantse Stedenrij

Brabantse Stedenrij (Brabantine City Row) is a polycentric city region in the province of North Brabant, Netherlands.

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Breda Castle

Breda Castle is a castle in the city of Breda, in the Netherlands.

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Breda Oost railway station

Breda Oost is a proposed railway station in Breda, Netherlands.

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Breda railway station

Breda is a railway station in Breda, Netherlands.

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Breda-Prinsenbeek railway station

Breda-Prinsenbeek is a railway station located in Prinsenbeek near Breda, Netherlands.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor (burgemeester or bourgmestre) is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality.

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Capture of Breda (1581)

The Capture of Breda of 1581, also known as the Haultepenne Fury, occurred on 26 – 27 July when Spanish troops under the command of Claude de Berlaymont, lord of Haultepenne, took Breda by surprise after a sentry was bribed by a follower of the king, Charles de Gavre, who was kept a prisoner at the castle.

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Capture of Breda (1590)

The Capture of Breda or the Siege of Breda was a short battle during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War during which a Dutch and English army led by Maurice of Nassau captured the heavily protected city of Breda.

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Carnival in the Netherlands

Carnival (Carnaval; also called "vastenavond" – eve of the fasting or "vastelaovend") is a festival held throughout the Netherlands, mainly in the Southern regions, with an emphasis on role-reversal and suspension of social norms.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Central European Summer Time

Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.

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Central European Time

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

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Charles II of England

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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City rights in the Low Countries

City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries.

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Claude de Berlaymont

Claude de Berlaymont (or Claudius van Barlaymont), lord of Haultpenne (ca. 1550 – 14 July 1587) was a Flemish military commander in Spain's Army of Flanders during the Eighty Years' War.

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Colonel Tom Parker

Thomas Andrew "Colonel Tom" Parker (born Andreas Cornelis van Kuijk; June 26, 1909 – January 21, 1997) was the Dutch-born manager of Elvis Presley.

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Commonwealth of England

The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.

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Congress of Breda

The Congress of Breda often also known as the Breda peace talks were a series of negotiations between representatives of Great Britain and France in the Dutch city of Breda that took place between 1746 and 1748.

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Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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County of Nassau

The County of Nassau was a German state within the Holy Roman Empire and later part of the German Confederation.

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Daan Manneke

Daan Manneke (born Kruiningen, 7 November 1939) is a Dutch composer and organist.

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Daan Romers (born 10 November 1985), better known by his stage name Dannic, is a Dutch DJ and EDM producer.

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Declaration of Breda

The Declaration of Breda (dated 4 April 1660) was a proclamation by Charles II of England in which he promised a general pardon for crimes committed during the English Civil War and the Interregnum for all those who recognised Charles as the lawful king; the retention by the current owners of property purchased during the same period; religious toleration; and the payment of pay arrears to members of the army, and that the army would be recommissioned into service under the crown.

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Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

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Diego Velázquez

Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (baptized on June 6, 1599August 6, 1660) was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV, and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age.

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Diest is a city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant.

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Dillenburg is a town in Hesse's Gießen region in Germany.

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Dockwise Group is a Netherlands-based holding company in the marine transport industry.

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Dordrecht, colloquially Dordt, historically in English named Dort, is a city and municipality in the Western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland.

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Drimmelen is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands.

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Duchy of Brabant

The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183.

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Dutch language

The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.

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Dutch people

The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.

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Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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Dutch Revolt

The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.

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Eerste Divisie

The Eerste Divisie (.

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Eighty Years' War

The Eighty Years' War (Tachtigjarige Oorlog; Guerra de los Ochenta Años) or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against the political and religious hegemony of Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.

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Eindhoven is a municipality and city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.

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Electronic dance music

Electronic dance music (also known as EDM, dance music, club music, or simply dance) is a broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals.

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Elvis Presley

Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.

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Engelbert I of Nassau

Engelbert I of Nassau (in Dillenburg3 May 1442, in Breda) was a son of Count Johan I of Nassau and Countess Margaretha of the Marck, daughter of Count Adolph II of the Marck.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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The Eredivisie ("Honour Division" or "Premier Division") is the highest echelon of professional football in the Netherlands.

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Etten-Leur is a municipality in the southern Netherlands.

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Exxon Mobil Corporation, doing business as ExxonMobil, is an American multinational oil and gas corporation headquartered in Irving, Texas.

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Ferdinand aus der Fünten

Ferdinand Hugo aus der Fünten (17 December 1909 – 19 April 1989), widely known as Fünten, was an SS-Hauptsturmführer and head of the Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Amsterdam during the Second World War.

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A fief (feudum) was the central element of feudalism and consisted of heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty (or "in fee") in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty.

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Field hockey

Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.

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Football team

A football team is a group of players selected to play together in the various team sports known as football.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Frederick Henry, or Frederik Hendrik in Dutch (29 January 1584 – 14 March 1647), was the sovereign Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel from 1625 to 1647.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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French Revolutionary Army

The French Revolutionary Army (Armée révolutionnaire française) was the French force that fought the French Revolutionary Wars from 1792 to 1802.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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General Motors

General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.

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George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle

George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, KG (6 December 1608 – 3 January 1670) was an English soldier and politician, and a key figure in the Restoration of the monarchy to King Charles II in 1660.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gilze en Rijen

Gilze en Rijen is a municipality in the southern Netherlands.

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Golden Glory

Golden Glory is a Muay Thai, kickboxing and mixed martial arts camp and management team, based in the Netherlands.

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Gorinchem, also called Gorkum, is a city and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.

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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

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Grote Kerk (Breda)

The Grote Kerk or Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk (Church of Our Lady) is the most important monument and a landmark of Breda.

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Guernsey is an island in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy.

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Half marathon

A half marathon is a road running event of 21.0975 km (13 mi 192½ yd)—half the distance of a marathon.

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Robbert van de Corput (born 7 January 1988), better known by his stage name Hardwell, is a Dutch electro house DJ, record producer from Breda, the Netherlands.

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Henry III of Nassau-Breda

Count Henry III of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz (12 January 1483, Siegen – 14 September 1538, Breda), Lord (from 1530 Baron) of Breda, Lord of the Lek, of Dietz, etc.

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Hero Group

The Hero Group is a private, Swiss international consumer food manufacturer and marketing company, which, through its subsidiaries, primarily sells infant formula, baby food, jam, and nutritional snack foods.

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Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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Holland is a region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands.

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Holy Roman Emperor

The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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Hoogstraten is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.

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House of Orange-Nassau

The House of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the European House of Nassau, has played a central role in the politics and government of the Netherlands and Europe especially since William the Silent organized the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) led to an independent Dutch state.

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Hulst is a municipality and city in southwestern Netherlands in the east of Zeelandic Flanders.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Interbrew was a large Belgian brewing company which owned many internationally known beers, as well as some smaller local beers.

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Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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Isaac Beeckman

Isaac Beeckman (10 December 1588 – 19 May 1637) was a Dutch philosopher and scientist, who, through his studies and contact with leading natural philosophers, may have "virtually given birth to modern atomism".

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam in the Netherlands

Islam is the second largest religion in the Netherlands, practiced by 4% of the population according to 2010-11 estimates.

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Johanna van Polanen

Johanna van Polanen (also spelled as Jehenne; 10 January 1392 – 15 May 1445 in Breda) was a Dutch noblewoman.

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John III, Duke of Brabant

John III (Jan; 1300 – 5 December 1355) was Duke of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg (1312–1355).

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Karin Brienesse

Karin Brienesse (born 17 July 1969 in Breda) is a former freestyle and butterfly swimmer from the Netherlands, who competed in three consequentive Summer Olympics for her native country, starting in 1988.

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Kees Rijvers

Cornelus Bernardus "Kees" Rijvers (born 27 May 1926) is a former Dutch footballer who was active as a midfielder and later as coach for o.a PSV Eindhoven and the Dutch national team.

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Kingdom of England

The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Kingdom of Ireland

The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.

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Kingdom of Scotland

The Kingdom of Scotland (Rìoghachd na h-Alba; Kinrick o Scotland) was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843.

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Koch Media

Koch Media GmbH is a German media enterprise started in February 1994 by Franz Koch and Klemens Kundratitz.

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Koepelgevangenis (Breda)

The Koepelgevangenis is a former prison in Breda, Netherlands, constructed in 1886, best known as the prison where convicted World War II collaborators were held captive.

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Kristoffer Zegers

Kristoffer Zegers (born 27 December 1973) is a Dutch composer.

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Labour Party (Netherlands)

The Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid,, abbreviated as PvdA, or P van de A) is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.

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Liberation Day

Liberation Day is a day, often a public holiday, that marks the liberation of a place, similar to an independence day.

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List of cities in the Netherlands by province

Below are twelve alphabetical lists of cities in the Netherlands ordered by province.

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List of municipalities of the Netherlands

As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.

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List of sovereign states

This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

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Liverpool F.C.

Liverpool Football Club is a professional football club in Liverpool, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.

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Lodewijck Huygens

Lodewijck Huygens (13 March 1631 – 1 July 1699) was a Dutch diplomat.

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Low Countries

The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.

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Mark (Dintel)

The Mark is a river in Belgium and the Netherlands.

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Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange

Mary, Princess Royal (Mary Henrietta; 4 November 1631 – 24 December 1660) was Princess of Orange and Countess of Nassau by marriage to Prince William II, and co-regent for her son during his minority as Sovereign Prince of Orange from 1651 to 1660.

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Maurice, Prince of Orange

Maurice of Orange (Dutch: Maurits van Oranje) (14 November 1567 – 23 April 1625) was stadtholder of all the provinces of the Dutch Republic except for Friesland from 1585 at earliest until his death in 1625.

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Mentos is a brand of prepackaged scotch mints sold in stores and vending machines.

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A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.

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Moerdijk is a municipality and a town in the South of the Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.

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Monarchy of the Netherlands

The monarchy of the Netherlands is constitutional and as such, the role and position of the monarch are defined and limited by the Constitution of the Netherlands.

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Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

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Municipal council (Netherlands)

In the Netherlands the municipal council (Dutch: gemeenteraad) is the elected assembly of the municipality.

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NAC Breda

NAC Breda, often simply known as NAC, is a Dutch professional football club, based in Breda, Netherlands.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Netherlands Antilles

The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.

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North Brabant

North Brabant (Noord-Brabant), also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands.

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Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.

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Oosterhout (from ooster, "eastern", and hout, "woods") is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands.

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Orange College of Breda

The Orange College of Breda (Collegium Auriacum) was a college of higher learning at Breda in the Dutch Republic in the middle of the 17th century, teaching divinity, philosophy, mathematics, and law.

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Orange, Vaucluse

Orange (Provençal Aurenja in classical norm or Aurenjo in Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Vaucluse Department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France, about north of Avignon.

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Oranjeboom Brewery

The Oranjeboom Brewery was founded in Rotterdam in 1671.

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The Panopticon is a type of institutional building and a system of control designed by the English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the late 18th century.

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Peace of Westphalia

The Peace of Westphalia (Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster that virtually ended the European wars of religion.

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Perfetti Van Melle

Perfetti Van Melle is a privately held Italian global manufacturer of confectionery and gum.

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Pierre van Hooijdonk

Petrus Ferdinandus Johannes "Pierre" van Hooijdonk (born 29 November 1969) is a retired Dutch international footballer who played as a striker.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.

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Polish Armed Forces

The Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland (Polish:Siły Zbrojne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, abbreviated SZ RP; popularly called Wojsko Polskie in Poland, abbreviated WP—roughly, the "Polish Military") are the national armed forces of the Republic of Poland.

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Polish language

Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.

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Postal codes in the Netherlands

Postal codes in the Netherlands, known as postcodes, are alphanumeric, consisting of four digits followed by two uppercase letters.

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Prince of Orange

Prince of Orange is a title originally associated with the sovereign Principality of Orange, in what is now southern France.

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Princenhage is a neighbourhood in the southwest of the city Breda in the Dutch province of North Brabant.

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Principality of Orange

The Principality of Orange (la Principauté d'Orange) was, from 1163 to 1713, a feudal state in Provence, in the south of modern-day France, on the east bank of the river Rhone, north of the city of Avignon, and surrounded by the independent papal state of Comtat Venaissin.

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Prinsenbeek is a village and a former municipality in the Dutch province North Brabant.

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A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.

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Protestant Church in the Netherlands

The Protestant Church in the Netherlands (Protestantse Kerk in Nederland, abbreviated PKN) is the largest Protestant denomination in the Netherlands, being both Reformed (Calvinist) and Lutheran.

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Provinces of the Netherlands

There are currently twelve provinces of the Netherlands, representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.

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Fadil El Ghoul (born 2 April 1986), better known by his stage name R3hab (pronounced "rehab"), is a Dutch DJ, record producer and remixer of Moroccan origin from Breda.

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Ramon Dekkers

Ramon "The Diamond" Dekkers (4 September 1969 – 27 February 2013) was a Dutch kickboxer and an eight time Muay Thai world champion.

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Randalls Brewery


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Redhead Day

Redhead Day (Roodharigendag in Dutch) is the name of a Dutch summer festival that takes place each first weekend of September in the city of Breda, in the Netherlands.

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Remco van Wijk

Remco van Wijk (born October 7, 1972 in Breda) is a former Dutch field hockey player, who played 242 international matches for the Netherlands, in which he scored 63 goals.

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Renaissance architecture

Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 17th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.

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René Descartes

René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.

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Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers

Ritchie Bros.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Breda

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Breda is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Netherlands.

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Roosendaal is both a city and a municipality in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.

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Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.

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Royal Netherlands Air Force

The Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF; Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu), "Royal Air Force"), is the military aviation branch of the Netherlands Armed Forces.

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Scania AB

Scania AB, formerly AB Scania-Vabis, is a major Swedish manufacturer of commercial vehicles – specifically heavy trucks and buses.

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Sdu is a Dutch publishing company, whose name derives from the company's origin as the Staatsdrukkerij en -Uitgeverij, typically abbreviated as Staatsdrukkerij; the company started as the official publisher ("State Printing House") of Dutch governmental publications and of documents such as passports and voter registration cards.

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Second Anglo-Dutch War

The Second Anglo-Dutch War (4 March 1665 – 31 July 1667), or the Second Dutch War (Tweede Engelse Oorlog "Second English War") was a conflict fought between England and the Dutch Republic for control over the seas and trade routes, where England tried to end the Dutch domination of world trade during a period of intense European commercial rivalry.

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Siege of Breda (1624)

The Siege of Breda of 1624–25 occurred during the Eighty Years' War.

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Siege of Breda (1637)

The Fifth Siege of Breda (21 July – 11 October 1637) was an important siege in the Eighty Years' War in which stadtholder Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange retook the city of Breda, which had last changed hands in 1625 when the Spanish general Ambrogio Spinola conquered it for the Spanish Habsburgs.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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A sobriquet or soubriquet is a nickname, sometimes assumed, but often given by another.

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South Holland

South Holland (Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands with a population of just over 3.6 million as of 2015 and a population density of about, making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas.

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Sports club

A sports club or sporting club, sometimes athletics club or sports society or sports association, is a group of people formed for the purpose of playing sports.

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In the Low Countries, stadtholder (stadhouder) was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader.

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Stanisław Maczek

General Stanisław Maczek (31 March 1892 – 11 December 1994) was a Polish tank commander of World War II, whose division was instrumental in the Allied liberation of France, closing the Falaise pocket, resulting in the destruction of 14 German Wehrmacht and SS divisions.

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Stedelijk Museum Breda

The Stedelijk Museum Breda, formerly the Museum of the Image (MOTI), is a national museum for visual culture in Breda in the Netherlands.

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Stephen Gaukroger

Stephen Gaukroger (born 1950) is a British philosopher and intellectual historian.

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Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

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Summer Olympic Games

The Summer Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'été) or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.

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Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.

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Telephone numbers in the Netherlands

Telephone numbers in the Netherlands are administered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands and may be grouped into three general categories: geographical numbers, non-geographical numbers, and numbers for public services.

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Teteringen is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant.

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Texaco, Inc. ("The Texas Company") is an American oil subsidiary of Chevron Corporation.

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The Hague

The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

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Tijs Michiel Verwest OON (born 17 January 1969), better known by his stage name Tiësto, is a Dutch DJ and record producer from Breda.

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Tilburg is a city in the Netherlands, in the southern province of North Brabant.

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Tommaso Vincidor

Tommaso di Andrea Vincidor (Bologna, 1493 – Breda, 1536) was an Italian Renaissance painter and architect who trained with Raphael and spent most of his career in the Netherlands.

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Ton Lokhoff

Antonius Johannes Jacobus ("Ton") Lokhoff (born December 25, 1959 in Breda, Noord-Brabant) is a Dutch former football midfielder, currently serving as assistant manager of VfB Stuttgart.

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, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748)

The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle of 1748, sometimes called the Treaty of Aachen, ended the War of the Austrian Succession following a congress assembled on 24 April 1748 at the Free Imperial City of Aachen, called Aix-la-Chapelle in French and then also in English, in the west of the Holy Roman Empire.

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Treaty of Breda (1667)

The Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, 31 July (Gregorian calendar), 1667, by England, the United Provinces (Netherlands), France, and Denmark–Norway.

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Turkish people

Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.

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Ulvenhout is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant.

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University of Geneva

The University of Geneva (French: Université de Genève) is a public research university located in Geneva, Switzerland.

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University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

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Utrecht is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht.

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Utrecht (province)

Utrecht is a province of the Netherlands.

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Virgil van Dijk

Virgil van Dijk (born 8 July 1991) is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a centre back for Premier League club Liverpool and captains the Dutch national team.

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Vlissingen (Zeelandic: Vlissienge; historical name in Flushing) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren.

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W&W is a Dutch DJ and record producer duo composed of Willem van Hanegem and Wardt van der Harst.

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War crime

A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.

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War of the Austrian Succession

The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) involved most of the powers of Europe over the question of Maria Theresa's succession to the Habsburg Monarchy.

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Western Europe

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

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William II, Prince of Orange

William II (27 May 1626 – 6 November 1650) was sovereign Prince of Orange and stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands from 14 March 1647 until his death three years later.

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William III of England

William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.

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William the Silent

William I, Prince of Orange (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also widely known as William the Silent or William the Taciturn (translated from Willem de Zwijger), or more commonly known as William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1581.

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Willy Lages

Willy Paul Franz Lages (October 5, 1901 – April 2, 1971) was the German chief of the Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam during the Second World War.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.

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Zandberg, North Brabant

Zandberg is a neighbourhood and residential district to the southeast of the city centre of Breda, an extension raised in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.

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Zundert is a municipality and town in the south of the Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.

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1st Armoured Division (Poland)

The Polish 1st Armoured Division (Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an armoured division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.

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Redirects here:

Breda (Netherlands), Breda, Netherlands, History of Breda.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breda

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