99 relations: American Society of Brewing Chemists, Anheuser-Busch InBev, Aperture, Artisan, Automation, Bavaria, Beer, Beer and breweries by region, Beer bottle, Beverage can, Biotechnology, Breweriana, Brewers Association, Brewing, Capacity utilization, Carbon dioxide, Carbonation, Carboy, Carl von Linde, Carlsberg Group, Cask ale, Chemistry, Chicago Review Press, Christianity, Copper, Czech Republic, Diatomaceous earth, Dimethyl sulfide, Draught beer, Emil Christian Hansen, Engineer, Enzyme, Ethanol, Evaporation, Evil Twin Brewing, Fermentation in food processing, Freising, Gallon, German language, Gravity, Heineken International, Heriot-Watt University, Hops, Hydrometer, Industrial Revolution, Institute of Brewing and Distilling, James Watt, John Schlimm, Lambic, Lautering, ..., List of breweries in the United States, List of microbreweries, Louis Pasteur, Malt, Maltose, Manufacturing, Mashing, Master Brewers Association of the Americas, Mesopotamia, Microbrewery, Microorganism, Mikkeller, Mill (grinding), Monastery, Neolithic Europe, Niagara College, Ninkasi, Off-flavour, Olds College, Pennsylvania, PH, Pitch (resin), Pottsville, Pennsylvania, Pub, Refrigeration, Restaurant, Ringwood Brewery, SABMiller, Scandinavia, Siebel Institute, Silo, Society of Independent Brewers, Solution, Stainless steel, Starch, Steam engine, Sugar, The Atlantic, Thermometer, Tower brewery, University of California, Davis, University of Wisconsin–Madison, VLB Berlin, Washing, Weihenstephan, Weltenburg Abbey, Wort, Yeast, 1,000,000. Expand index (49 more) » « Shrink index
The ASBC is a professional organization of scientists and technical professionals in the brewing, malting, and allied industries.
Anheuser-Busch InBev SA/NV (abbreviated as AB InBev) is a Belgian-Brazilian transnational beverage and brewing company with global headquarters in Leuven, Belgium.
In optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels.
An artisan (from artisan, artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewellery, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker.
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.
This is a list of articles and categories dealing with beer and breweries by region: the breweries and beers in various regions.
A beer bottle is a bottle designed as a container for beer.
A beverage can is a metal container designed to hold a fixed portion of liquid such as carbonated soft drinks, alcoholic beverages, fruit juices, teas, herbal teas, energy drinks, etc.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Breweriana commonly refers to any article containing a brewery name or brand name, usually in connection to collecting them as a hobby.
The Brewers Association (BA) is an American trade group of over 7,200 brewers, breweries in planning, suppliers, distributors, craft beer retailers, and Individuals particularly concerned with the promotion of craft beer and homebrewing.
Brewing is the production of beer by steeping a starch source (commonly cereal grains, the most popular of which is barley) in water and fermenting the resulting sweet liquid with yeast.
Capacity utilization or capacity utilisation is the extent to which an enterprise or a nation uses its installed productive capacity.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbonation refers to reactions of carbon dioxide to give carbonates, bicarbonates, and carbonic acid.
A carboy (or carbouy), demijohn, or jimmyjohn is a rigid container with a typical capacity of.
Carl Paul Gottfried Linde (11 June 1842 – 16 November 1934) was a German scientist, engineer, and businessman.
Carlsberg A/S is a global brewer.
Cask ale or cask-conditioned beer is unfiltered and unpasteurised beer which is conditioned (including secondary fermentation) and served from a cask without additional nitrogen or carbon dioxide pressure.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Chicago Review Press, or CRP, is a U.S. book publisher and an independent company founded in 1973.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Diatomaceous earth – also known as D.E., diatomite, or kieselgur/kieselguhr – is a naturally occurring, soft, siliceous sedimentary rock that is easily crumbled into a fine white to off-white powder.
Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) or methylthiomethane is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2S.
Draught beer, also spelt draft, is beer served from a cask or keg rather than from a bottle or can.
Emil Christian Hansen (8 May 1842 – 27 August 1909) was a Danish mycologist and fermentation physiologist.
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
Evil Twin Brewing is a nomadic brewery originating in Denmark.
Fermentation in food processing is the process of converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids using microorganisms—yeasts or bacteria—under anaerobic conditions.
Freising is a town in Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the Freising district, with a total population of 45,227.
The gallon is a unit of measurement for fluid capacity in both the US customary units and the British imperial systems of measurement.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
Heineken N.V. (at times self-styled as HEINEKEN) is a Dutch brewing company, founded in 1864 by Gerard Adriaan Heineken in Amsterdam.
Heriot-Watt University is a public university based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Hops are the flowers (also called seed cones or strobiles) of the hop plant Humulus lupulus. They are used primarily as a flavouring and stability agent in beer, to which they impart bitter, zesty, or citric flavours; though they are also used for various purposes in other beverages and herbal medicine.
Hydrometer from Practical Physics A hydrometer or areometer is an instrument used for measuring the relative density of liquids based on the concept of buoyancy.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The Institute of Brewing and Distilling (IBD) is an industry trade association for brewers and distillers, both in the United Kingdom and internationally.
James Watt (30 January 1736 (19 January 1736 OS) – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.
John Schlimm (born December 1, 1971) is an American author, activist, artist, and educator.
Lambic is a type of beer brewed in the Pajottenland region of Belgium southwest of Brussels and in Brussels itself at the Cantillon Brewery.
Lautering is a process in brewing beer in which the mash is separated into the clear liquid wort and the residual grain.
At the end of 2013, there were 2,822 breweries in the United States, including 2,768 craft breweries subdivided into 1,237 brewpubs, 1,412 microbreweries and 119 regional craft breweries.
This is a list of notable microbreweries.
Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization.
Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in a process known as "malting".
Maltose, also known as maltobiose or malt sugar, is a disaccharide formed from two units of glucose joined with an α(1→4) bond. In the isomer isomaltose, the two glucose molecules are joined with an α(1→6) bond. Maltose is the two-unit member of the amylose homologous series, the key structural motif of starch. When beta-amylase breaks down starch, it removes two glucose units at a time, producing maltose. An example of this reaction is found in germinating seeds, which is why it was named after malt. Unlike sucrose, it is a reducing sugar.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
In brewing and distilling, mashing is the process of combining a mix of grain (typically malted barley with supplementary grains such as corn, sorghum, rye, or wheat), known as the "grain bill", and water, known as "liquor", and heating this mixture.
The Master Brewers Association of the Americas (MBAA) was founded in 1887.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
A microbrewery or craft brewery is a brewery that produces small amounts of beer (or sometimes root beer), typically much smaller than large-scale corporate breweries, and is independently owned.
A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.
Mikkeller is a microbrewery founded in 2006 in Copenhagen, Denmark that is based on the so-called "cuckoo", "phantom" or "gypsy" ethos; that is, the company does not operate an official brewery and, instead, collaborates with other brewers to produce their recipes or experimental one-off brews.
A mill is a device that breaks solid materials into smaller pieces by grinding, crushing, or cutting.
A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).
Neolithic Europe is the period when Neolithic technology was present in Europe, roughly between 7000 BCE (the approximate time of the first farming societies in Greece) and c. 1700 BCE (the beginning of the Bronze Age in northwest Europe).
The Niagara College of Applied Arts and Technology (frequently shortened to Niagara College and branded as Niagara College Canada) is a public College of Applied Arts and Technology within the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario, Canada.
Ninkasi is the ancient Sumerian tutelary goddess of beer.
Off-flavours or off-flavors (see spelling differences) are taints in food products caused by the presence of undesirable compounds.
Olds College is an Alberta public post-secondary institution located in Olds, Alberta, established in 1913 as Olds Agricultural College.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Pitch is a name for any of a number of viscoelastic polymers.
Pottsville is a city in, and the county seat of, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, United States.
A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
A restaurant, or an eatery, is a business which prepares and serves food and drinks to customers in exchange for money.
Ringwood Brewery is a small brewery situated on the edge of the New Forest in Hampshire, England near the Dorset border.
SABMiller plc was a multinational brewing and beverage company headquartered in Woking, England on the outskirts of London until 10 October 2016 when it was acquired by Anheuser-Busch InBev.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
The Siebel Institute of Technology is a for-profit, unaccredited vocational college located on Goose Island in Chicago that focuses on brewing science.
A silo (from the Greek σιρός – siros, "pit for holding grain") is a structure for storing bulk materials.
The Society of Independent Brewers was founded in the UK in 1980 as the Small Independent Brewers Association (SIBA) to represent the interests of the growing number of independent breweries.
In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.
A thermometer is a device that measures temperature or a temperature gradient.
A tower brewery is a distinct form of brewery, identified by its external buildings being arranged in the form of a vertical tower.
The University of California, Davis (also referred to as UCD, UC Davis, or Davis), is a public research university and land-grant university as well as one of the 10 campuses of the University of California (UC) system.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison (also known as University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, UW, or regionally as UW–Madison, or simply Madison) is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin, United States.
VLB Berlin (Versuch- u. Lehranstalt für Brauerei in Berlin) also known as the Institut für Gärungsgewerbe und Biotechnologie zu Berlin (Institute for Fermentation and Biotechnology, Berlin) is an institute in Berlin that provides research, training, education and service for the brewing industry.
Washing is a method of cleaning, usually with water and often some kind of soap or detergent.
Weihenstephan is a part of Freising north of Munich, Germany.
Weltenburg Abbey (Kloster Weltenburg) is a Benedictine monastery in Weltenburg near Kelheim on the Danube in Bavaria, Germany.
Wort is the liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.
1,000,000 (one million), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.
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