273 relations: A Bridge Too Far (film), Acting (rank), Adjutant, Afrika Korps, Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, Albert Canal, Alexander Galloway, Alexander Kolchak, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, Antwerp, Armoured warfare, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Axis powers, B. H. Liddell Hart, Battalion, Battle of Alam el Halfa, Battle of Arnhem, Battle of Dunkirk, Battle of France, Battle of Mons, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Scheldt, Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, Bernard Montgomery, Birthday Honours, Bizerte, Black Rod, Board of directors, Bofors 40 mm gun, Bovis Homes Group, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Brevet (military), Brigade major, Brigadier (United Kingdom), Brigadier general (United States), British Army, British Army of the Rhine, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Film Institute, British Raj, Brucellosis, Brussels, Cadre (military), Charles Keightley, Chichester, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Claude Auchinleck, Colonel (United Kingdom), Commander-in-chief, ..., Company commander, Corps, Cossacks, Croix de guerre (Belgium), Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 (France), Cuxhaven, Czechoslovak Legion, Daril Watson, Desert Air Force, Dictionary of National Biography, Distinguished Service Order, Duel, Dunkirk evacuation, Durham School, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Edward Fox (actor), Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Elizabeth II, End of World War II in Europe, Eric Hayes, Erwin Rommel, Expanding bullet, Falaise Pocket, Field army, First Allied Airborne Army, First Army (United Kingdom), First Canadian Army, Flanking maneuver, Football pools, Frank Simpson (British Army officer), Gastrointestinal tract, General (United Kingdom), General (United States), General officer, General officer commanding, Generalfeldmarschall, Geoffrey Blake (Royal Navy officer), George Mills (RAF officer), Gerard Bucknall, German Army (Wehrmacht), Germany, Gibraltar, Guards Armoured Division, Gwilym Ivor Thomas, Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, Hamish Hamilton, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Herbert Lumsden, HMS Delhi (D47), Holzminden prisoner-of-war camp, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, Huw Wheldon, II Corps (United Kingdom), IMDb, Independent school (United Kingdom), Internet Archive, Interwar period, Ireland, Irish people, Irish War of Independence, Ivor Hughes, IX Corps (United Kingdom), J & L Randall, James M. Gavin, John Crocker, John D'Arcy (British Army officer), Kenneth Anderson (British Army officer), Kleve, Krasnoyarsk, Kurt Student, Legion of Honour, Legion of Merit, Lieutenant (British Army and Royal Marines), Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom), Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Line infantry, Local Government Board, London, Lung, M4 Sherman, Maisnil, Major (United Kingdom), Major-general (United Kingdom), Manzhouli, Mareth Line, Margaret Thatcher, Mentioned in dispatches, Michael Heseltine, Middle East Command, Middlesex Regiment, Miles Dempsey, Military Cross, Military doctrine, Military intelligence, Military logistics, Modern pentathlon, Montagu Brocas Burrows, Mortar (weapon), Nijmegen, Nikita Khrushchev, Nikolai Bulganin, Noel Mason-MacFarlane, Non-commissioned officer, Normandy landings, North African Campaign, Officer (armed forces), Officers' Training Corps, Oliver Leese, Omsk, Operation Market Garden, Operation Veritable, Order of George I, Order of Orange-Nassau, Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Order of the Crown (Belgium), Ordnance QF 17-pounder, Orion Publishing Group, Other ranks (UK), Oxford University Press, Panzer Army Africa, Pen and Sword Books, Philip Roberts (British Army officer), Picture Post, Port of Antwerp, Prisoner of war, Prisoner-of-war camp, Private (rank), Race to the Sea, Radio Times, RAF Bomber Command, Ranikhet, Red Army, Regiment, Rhine, Richard McCreery, River Thames, Robert Smith Surtees, Royal Army Medical Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Italian Army during World War II, Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Royal Navy, Russian Civil War, Russian language, Rutland, Sandbostel, Scheldt, Second Battle of El Alamein, Second lieutenant, Secretary of State for Defence, Siberia, Sidgwick & Jackson, Siegfried Line, Silesia, Southampton, St James's Theatre, Staff (military), Staff College, Camberley, Stalag X-B, Stomach, Strafing, Supreme Allied Commander, Thames Television, The National Archives (United Kingdom), The New York Times, The Quarto Group, The Sunday Times, The World at War, Trans-Siberian Railway, Tripoli, Tunis, Tunisian Campaign, Typhus, United Kingdom, University of Calgary Press, Uppingham School, Ural Mountains, Vivien Leigh, Vladivostok, Walter Model, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, West Sussex, Western Command (United Kingdom), Western Front (World War II), Westminster Abbey, White movement, William Gott, William Horrocks, World War I, World War II, X Corps (United Kingdom), XIII Corps (United Kingdom), XXX Corps (United Kingdom), Yekaterinburg, 11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East, 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 15th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 164th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 1924 Summer Olympics, 19th Light Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st (United Kingdom) Division, 1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 1st Parachute Army (Wehrmacht), 21st Army Group, 21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 44th (Home Counties) Division, 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 508th Infantry Regiment (United States), 51st (Highland) Division, 5th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 5th Panzer Army, 7th Army (Wehrmacht), 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41, 82nd Airborne Division, 8th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 9th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 9th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment, 9th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom). 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A Bridge Too Far is a 1977 epic war film based on the 1974 book of the same name by Cornelius Ryan, adapted by William Goldman.
An acting rank is a military designation allowing a commissioned or non-commissioned officer to assume a rank—usually higher and usually temporary—with the pay and allowances appropriate to that grade.
Adjutant is a military appointment given to an officer who assists the commanding officer with unit administration.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, & Bar (23 July 1883 – 17 June 1963), was a senior officer of the British Army.
The Albert Canal is a canal located in northeastern Belgium, which was named for King Albert I of Belgium.
Lieutenant-General Sir Alexander Galloway, (3 November 1895 − 28 January 1977) was a British Army officer who served during both World War I and World War II. During the latter, he was particularly highly regarded as a staff officer and, as such, had an influential role in the outcome of Operation Crusader during the Western Desert Campaign in late 1941, and later commanded the 4th Indian Infantry Division at the Battle of Monte Cassino during the Italian Campaign in early 1944.
Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak CB (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War.
The Allied intervention was a multi-national military expedition launched during the Russian Civil War in 1918.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart (31 October 1895 – 29 January 1970), commonly known throughout most of his career as Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, was a British soldier, military historian and military theorist.
A battalion is a military unit.
The Battle of Alam el Halfa took place between 30 August and 5 September 1942 south of El Alamein during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.
The Battle of Dunkirk was a military operation that took place in Dunkirk (Dunkerque), France, during the Second World War.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of the Scheldt in World War II was a series of military operations by Canadian, British and Polish formations to open up the shipping route to Antwerp so that its port could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.
Lieutenant General Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, (21 March 1889 – 4 July 1963) was a British-born soldier and Victoria Cross recipient, who served as the 7th Governor-General of New Zealand from 1946 to 1952.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
King's/Queen's Birthday Honours is, in some Commonwealth realms, the marking of the reigning monarch's official birthday by granting various individuals appointment into national or dynastic orders or the award of decorations and medals.
Bizerte (بنزرت); historically: Phoenician: Hippo Acra, Hippo Diarrhytus and Hippo Zarytus), also known in English as Bizerta, is a town of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. It is the northernmost city in Africa, located 65 km (40mil) north of the capital Tunis. The city had 142,966 inhabitants in 2014.
The Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, or Lady Usher of the Black Rod, generally shortened to Black Rod, is an official in the parliaments of several Commonwealth countries.
A board of directors is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.
--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.
Bovis Homes Group plc is a second tier national British housebuilding company based in New Ash Green, Kent.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Bremerhaven (literally "Bremen's harbour", Low German: Bremerhoben) is a city at the seaport of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, a state of the Federal Republic of Germany.
In many of the world's military establishments, a brevet was a warrant giving a commissioned officer a higher rank title as a reward for gallantry or meritorious conduct but without conferring the authority, precedence, or pay of real rank.
A brigade major was the chief of staff of a brigade in the British Army.
Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
In the United States Armed Forces, brigadier general (BG, BGen, or Brig Gen) is a one-star general officer with the pay grade of O-7 in the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
There have been two formations named British Army of the Rhine (BAOR).
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
The British Film Institute (BFI) is a film and charitable organisation which promotes and preserves filmmaking and television in the United Kingdom.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
A cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.
General Sir Charles Frederic Keightley, (24 June 1901 – 17 June 1974) was a British Army officer during and following the Second World War.
Chichester is a cathedral city in West Sussex, in South-East England.
Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.
Field Marshal Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck (21 June 1884 – 23 March 1981) was a British Army commander during the Second World War.
Colonel (Col) is a rank of the British Army and Royal Marines, ranking below brigadier, and above lieutenant colonel.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
A company commander is the commanding officer of a company; a military unit which typically consists of 100 to 250 soldiers, often organized into three or four smaller units called platoons.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
Cossacks (козаки́, translit, kozaky, казакi, kozacy, Czecho-Slovak: kozáci, kozákok Pronunciations.
The Croix de guerre (French) or Oorlogskruis (Dutch), both literally translating as "War Cross", is a military decoration of the Kingdom of Belgium established by royal decree on 25 October 1915.
The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II.
Cuxhaven is an independent town and seat of the Cuxhaven district, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Czechoslovak Legion (Československé legie in Czech and Slovak) were volunteer armed forces composed predominantly of Czechs with a small number of Slovaks (approximately 8 percent) fighting together with the Entente powers during World War I. Their goal was to win the Allied Powers' support for the independence of Bohemia and Moravia from the Austrian Empire and of Slovak territories from the Kingdom of Hungary, which were then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
General Sir Daril Gerard Watson (17 October 1888 − 1 July 1967) was a senior British Army officer who saw service during both World War I and World War II.
The Desert Air Force (DAF), also known chronologically as Air Headquarters Western Desert, Air Headquarters Libya, the Western Desert Air Force, and the First Tactical Air Force (1TAF), was an Allied tactical air force created from No. 204 Group under RAF Middle East Command in North Africa in 1941 to provide close air support to the British Eighth Army.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two people, with matched weapons, in accordance with agreed-upon rules.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
Durham School is an English independent boarding school for pupils aged between 3 and 18 years.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
Edward Charles Morice Fox, (born 13 April 1937) is an English stage, film and television actor.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The final battles of the European Theatre of World War II as well as the German surrender to the Allies took place in late April and early May 1945.
Major General Eric Charles Hayes, CB (19 June 1896 – 25 August 1951) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Expanding bullets, also known as dumdum bullets, are projectiles designed to expand on impact, increasing in diameter to limit penetration and/or produce a larger diameter wound for faster incapacitation.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
The First Allied Airborne Army was an Allied formation formed on 2 August 1944 by the order of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
In military tactics, a flanking maneuver, or flanking manoeuvre is a movement of an armed force around a flank to achieve an advantageous position over an enemy.
In the United Kingdom, the football pools, often referred to as "the pools", is a betting pool based on predicting the outcome of top-level association football matches taking place in the coming week.
General Sir Frank Ernest Wallace Simpson, (21 March 1899 – 28 July 1986) was a senior British Army officer during the 1940s.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.
Generalfeldmarschall (general field marshal, field marshal general, or field marshal;; abbreviated to Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states and the Holy Roman Empire; in the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, the rank Feldmarschall was used.
Vice Admiral Sir Geoffrey Blake, KCB, DSO (16 September 1882 – 18 July 1968) was an officer in the Royal Navy who went on to be Fourth Sea Lord.
Air Chief Marshal Sir George Holroyd Mills, (26 March 1902 – 14 April 1971) was a senior Royal Air Force commander.
Lieutenant-General Gerard Corfield Bucknall CB, MC, DL (14 September 1894 – 7 December 1980) was a senior British Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II, where he commanded the 5th Infantry Division and later XXX Corps during the Battle of Normandy in mid-1944.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
The Guards Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army during the Second World War.
General Sir Gwilym Ivor Thomas, (23 July 1893 – 29 August 1972) was a senior British Army officer who saw active service in both World Wars.
The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 are a series of international treaties and declarations negotiated at two international peace conferences at The Hague in the Netherlands.
Hamish Hamilton Limited was a British book publishing house, founded in 1931 eponymously by the half-Scot half-American Jamie Hamilton (Hamish is the vocative form of the Gaelic 'Seumas', James the English form – which was also his given name, and Jamie the diminutive form).
Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction in both the First World War and the Second World War and, afterwards, as Governor General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.
Lieutenant-General Herbert William Lumsden, & Bar, MC (8 April 1897 – 6 January 1945) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
HMS Delhi was a that served with the Royal Navy through the Second World War, from the Caribbean to eastern China.
Holzminden prisoner-of-war camp was a World War I prisoner-of-war camp for British and British Empire officers (Offizier Gefangenenlager) located in Holzminden, Lower Saxony, Germany.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Sir Huw Pyrs Wheldon, (7 May 1916 – 14 March 1986) was a BBC broadcaster and executive.
II Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.
IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.
In the United Kingdom, independent schools (also private schools) are fee-paying private schools, governed by an elected board of governors and independent of many of the regulations and conditions that apply to state-funded schools.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish people (Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are a nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture.
The Irish War of Independence (Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (IRA, the army of the Irish Republic) and the British security forces in Ireland.
Major General Sir Ivor Thomas Percival Hughes, (21 December 1897 – 16 August 1962) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the world wars.
IX Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that existed during World War I and World War II.
J & L Randall Ltd was a British toy manufacturer, based in Potters Bar, which was in Middlesex until 1965 and then in Hertfordshire.
James Maurice "Jumpin' Jim" Gavin (March 22, 1907 – February 23, 1990) was a senior United States Army officer, with the rank of lieutenant general, who was the third Commanding General (CG) of the 82nd Airborne Division during World War II.
General Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, (4 January 1896 – 9 March 1963) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.
Lieutenant-General John Conyers D'Arcy CBE MC (12 February 1894 – 1 February 1966) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II, where he commanded the 9th Armoured Division.
General Sir Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, (25 December 1891 – 29 April 1959) was a senior British Army officer who saw service in both world wars.
Cleves (Kleve; Kleef; Clèves; Clivia) is a town in the Lower Rhine region of northwestern Germany near the Dutch border and the river Rhine.
Krasnoyarsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Yenisei River.
Kurt Student (12 May 1890 – 1 July 1978) was a German paratroop general in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
The Legion of Merit (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.
Lieutenant (Lt) is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
Line infantry was the type of infantry that composed the basis of European land armies from the middle of the 17th century to the middle of the 19th century.
The Local Government Board (LGB) was a British Government supervisory body overseeing local administration in England and Wales from 1871 to 1919.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
Maisnil is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Major (Maj) is a military rank which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Manzhouli (Маньчжу́рия; Манжуур хот) is a sub-prefecture-level city located in Hulunbuir prefecture-level city, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China (PRC).
The Mareth Line was a system of fortifications built by France in southern Tunisia, prior to World War II.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy is described.
Michael Ray Dibdin Heseltine, Baron Heseltine, (born 21 March 1933) is a British Conservative politician and businessman.
Middle East Command, later Middle East Land Forces, was a British Army Command established prior to the Second World War in Egypt.
The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1966.
General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
Military doctrine is the expression of how military forces contribute to campaigns, major operations, battles, and engagements.
Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.
Military logistics is the discipline of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces.
The modern pentathlon is an Olympic sport that comprises five different events; fencing (one-touch épée), freestyle swimming (200m), equestrian show jumping (15 jumps), and a final combined event of pistol shooting and cross country running (3200m).
Lieutenant General Montagu Brocas Burrows CB DSO MC (31 October 1894 – 17 January 1967) was a British Army officer who served in both world wars and became Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of West Africa Command from 1945 to 1946.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.
Nikolai Alexandrovich Bulganin (– 24 February 1975) was a Soviet politician who served as Minister of Defense (1953–1955) and Premier of the Soviet Union (1955–1958) under Nikita Khrushchev, following service in the Red Army and as defense minister under Joseph Stalin.
Lieutenant General Sir Frank Noel Mason-MacFarlane (23 October 1889 – 12 August 1953) was a senior British Army officer, administrator and politician who served as Governor of Gibraltar during the Second World War.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
The Officers' Training Corps (OTC), more fully called the University Officers' Training Corps (UOTC), are military leadership training units similar to a university club but operated by the British Army.
Lieutenant General Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, 3rd Baronet, (27 October 1894 – 22 January 1978) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during both the world wars.
Omsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Omsk Oblast, Russia, located in southwestern Siberia from Moscow.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
The Royal Order of George I (Βασιλικόν Τάγμα Γεωργίου Α') is a Greek order instituted by King Constantine I in 1915.
The Order of Orange-Nassau (Orde van Oranje-Nassau) is a civil and military Dutch order of chivalry founded on 4 April 1892 by the Queen regent Emma, acting on behalf of her under-age daughter Queen Wilhelmina.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
The Order of the Crown (Ordre de la Couronne, Kroonorde) is a national order of the Kingdom of Belgium.
The Ordnance Quick-Firing 17-pounder (or just 17-pdr)The British military often used the gun's projectile weight to denote different guns of the same calibre.
Orion Publishing Group Ltd.
Other ranks (ORs) in the Royal Marines, British Army, Royal Air Force and in the armies and air forces of many other Commonwealth countries are those personnel who are not commissioned officers, usually including non-commissioned officers (NCOs).
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
As the number of German armed forces committed to the North Africa Campaign of World War II grew from the initial commitment of a small corps the Germans developed a more elaborate command structure and placed the enlarged Afrika Korps, with Italian units under this new German command and a succession of commands were created to manage Axis forces in Africa.
Pen and Sword Books is a British publisher which specializes in printing and distributing books on military history, militaria and other niche subjects.
Major-General George Philip Bradley Roberts, (5 November 1906 – 5 November 1997), better known as "Pip", was a senior officer of the British Army who served with distinction during the Second World War, most notably as General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 11th Armoured Division (nicknamed the "Black Bull") throughout the campaign in Northwestern Europe, from June 1944 until Victory in Europe Day in May 1945.
Picture Post was a photojournalistic magazine published in the United Kingdom from 1938 to 1957.
The Port of Antwerp in Flanders, Belgium, is a port in the heart of Europe accessible to capesize ships.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
A prisoner-of-war camp is a site for the containment of enemy combatants captured by a belligerent power in time of war.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.
Radio Times is a British weekly television and radio programme listings magazine.
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968.
Ranikhet is a hill station and cantonment town in Almora district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
A regiment is a military unit.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
General Sir Richard Loudon McCreery (1 February 1898 – 18 October 1967), was a career soldier of the British Army, who was decorated for leading one of the last cavalry actions in the First World War.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
Robert Smith Surtees (17 May 180516 March 1864) was an English editor, novelist and sporting writer, widely known as R. S. Surtees.
The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all Army personnel and their families, in war and in peace.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
This article is about the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) which participated in World War II.
The Royal Military College (RMC), founded in 1801 and established in 1802 at Great Marlow and High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, England, but moved in October 1812 to Sandhurst, Berkshire, was a British Army military academy for training infantry and cavalry officers of the British and Indian Armies.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Rutland is a landlocked county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire.
Sandbostel is a municipality in Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) in northwestern Germany, 43 km north-east of Bremen, 60 km west of Hamburg.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Defence (Defence Secretary) is an official within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Ministry of Defence.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Sidgwick & Jackson is an imprint of book publishing company Pan Macmillan.
The term Siegfried Line refers to two different German defensive lines, one during the First World War and the other during the Second World War.
Silesia (Śląsk; Slezsko;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Šlazyńska; Šleska; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
St James's Theatre (est. 1835) was a 1,200-seat theatre located in King Street, at Duke Street, St James's, London.
A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.
Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, was a staff college for the British Army and the presidency armies of British India (later merged to form the Indian Army).
Stalag X-B was a World War II German Prisoner-of-war camp located near Sandbostel in Lower Saxony in north-western Germany.
The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
Supreme Allied Commander is the title held by the most senior commander within certain multinational military alliances.
Thames Television was a franchise holder for a region of the British ITV television network serving London and surrounding area on weekdays from 30 July 1968 until the night of 31 December 1992.
The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Quarto Group is a global illustrated book publishing group founded in 1976.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The World at War (1973–74) is a 26-episode British television documentary series chronicling the events of the Second World War.
The Trans-Siberian Railway (TSR, p) is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East.
Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
Typhus, also known as typhus fever, is a group of infectious diseases that include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus and murine typhus.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The University of Calgary Press is a university publishing house that is a wholly owned subsidiary of the University of Calgary.
Uppingham School is a co-educational independent school situated in the small market town of Uppingham in Rutland, England.
The Ural Mountains (p), or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan.
Vivien Leigh (born Vivian Mary Hartley, and also known as Lady Olivier after 1947; 5 November 19138 July 1967) was an English stage and film actress.
Vladivostok (p, literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea.
Walter Model (24 January 1891 – 21 April 1945) was a German field marshal during World War II.
Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd (established 1948), often shortened to W&N or Weidenfeld, is a British publisher of fiction and reference books.
West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove) to the east, Hampshire to the west and Surrey to the north, and to the south the English Channel.
Western Command was a command of the British Army.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
The White movement (p) and its military arm the White Army (Бѣлая Армія/Белая Армия, Belaya Armiya), also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардія/Белая Гвардия, Belaya Gvardiya), the White Guardsmen (Белогвардейцы, Belogvardeytsi) or simply the Whites (Белые, Beliye), was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, also known as the Reds, in the Russian Civil War (1917–1922/3) and, to a lesser extent, continued operating as militarized associations both outside and within Russian borders until roughly the Second World War.
Lieutenant-General William Henry Ewart Gott, & Bar, MC (13 August 1897 – 7 August 1942), nicknamed "Strafer", was a senior British Army officer who fought during both World War I and World War II, reaching the rank of lieutenant-general while serving with the British Eighth Army.
Sir William Heaton Horrocks (25 August 1859 – 26 January 1941) was an officer of the British Army remembered chiefly for confirming Sir David Bruce's theory that Malta fever was spread through goat's milk.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
X Corps was a corps of the British Army that served in the First World War on the Western Front before being disbanded in 1919.
XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
Yekaterinburg (p), alternatively romanized Ekaterinburg, is the fourth-largest city in Russia and the administrative centre of Sverdlovsk Oblast, located on the Iset River east of the Ural Mountains, in the middle of the Eurasian continent, at the boundary between Asia and Europe.
The 11th Armoured Division, also known as The Black Bull, was an armoured division of the British Army which was created in March 1941 during the Second World War.
The 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East is a regular British Army brigade formation that is part of the Army’s 'Adaptable Force' meaning it has operational units under command, as well as regional responsibilities across the South East of England.
The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
The 15th Panzer Division (15.) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.
The 164th Infantry Division (164.) was an infantry division of the German Army during World War II.
The 1924 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1924), officially known as the Games of the VIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1924 in Paris, France.
The 19th Light Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 1st (United Kingdom) Division, formerly known as the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army, currently the only British division to be stationed in Germany.
The 1st Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The German 1st Parachute Army (1. Fallschirm-Armee) was formed in September, 1944, comprising 30,000 men.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The Home Counties Division was an infantry division of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army, that was raised in 1908.
The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.
The 508th Infantry Regiment ("Red Devils" or "Fury from the Sky") is an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army, first formed in October 1942 during World War II.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 5th Infantry Brigade was a regular infantry brigade of the British Army that was in existence since before the First World War, except for a short break in the late 1970s, until amalgamating with 24th Airmobile Brigade, in 1999, to form 16 Air Assault Brigade.
The 5th Panzer Army, also known as Panzer Group West and Panzer Group Eberbach (German: 5.Panzer-Armee, Panzergruppe West, Panzergruppe Eberbach) was a panzer army which saw action in the Western Front and North Africa.
The 7th Army was a World War II field army of the German land forces.
The 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a German 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II.
The 82nd Airborne Division is an airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areas.
The 8th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army formed in August 1941, during the Second World War and active until 1956.
The 9th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army, raised during the Second World War.
The 9th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment was an infantry battalion of the British Army.
The 9th Infantry Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second World Wars.