105 relations: Abscam, Ambitus, American Medical Association, Andrew J. Hinshaw, Baksheesh, Bid rigging, Black's Law Dictionary, Bribe Payers Index, Bribery Act 2010, Campaign finance, Charbonneau Commission, Chose, Conflict of interest, Convention (meeting), Corporate donations, Corruption Perceptions Index, Council of Europe, Cricket, Dianne Wilkerson, Discounts and allowances, Donald "Buz" Lukens, Donation, Duke Cunningham, Duty, Eastern Bloc, Employee benefits, England cricket team, Extortion, Follow the money, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, Funding, Fundraising, Gerald Garson, Gift, Goods, Gratuity, Group of States Against Corruption, Influence peddling, ISO 26000, Italy, John Jenrette, Jury tampering, Kickback (bribery), Kleptocracy, Law, Legal plunder, Lobbying, Mani pulite, Martin Thomas Manton, Massachusetts Senate, ..., Match fixing, Medication, Mohammad Amir, Mohammad Asif, Money, New York Supreme Court, No-ball, OECD, OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, Offer and acceptance, Option (finance), Organized crime, Pakistan cricket spot-fixing scandal, Patient, Pay to play, Payola, Pharmaceutical industry, Physician, Point shaving, Police, Policy, Political corruption, Politician, Price fixing, Price skimming, Principal–agent problem, Privilege (law), Promotion (rank), Property, Quid pro quo, Raghavendra Rau, Ralph Lauren, Rebate (marketing), Referee, Remuneration, Rent-seeking, Rick Renzi, Roh Moo-hyun, Salman Butt, Secret profit, Siemens, Small and medium-sized enterprises, Solicitation, Sop, Spiro Agnew, Sponsor (commercial), Sweetheart deal, The Economist, The Guardian Weekly, Transparency International, United States Navy, University of Cambridge, Waiver, 2002 Winter Olympic bid scandal, 2002 Winter Olympics figure skating scandal. Expand index (55 more) » « Shrink index
Abscam—sometimes written ABSCAM—was a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) sting operation in the late 1970s and early 1980s that led to the convictions of seven members of the United States Congress, among others.
In ancient Roman law, ambitus was a crime of political corruption, mainly a candidate's attempt to influence the outcome of an election through bribery or other forms of soft power.
The American Medical Association (AMA), founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1897, is the largest association of physicians—both MDs and DOs—and medical students in the United States.
Andrew Jackson Hinshaw (August 4, 1923 – January 21, 2016) was an American politician who served as a Congressman for California between 1973 and 1977.
Baksheesh or bagsheesh (from بخشش bakhshesh) is tipping, charitable giving, and certain forms of political corruption and bribery in the Middle East and South Asia.
Bid rigging is a form of fraud in which a commercial contract is promised to one party even though for the sake of appearance several other parties also present a bid.
Black's Law is the most widely used law dictionary in the United States.
Bribe Payers Index (BPI) is a measure of how willing a nation's business sector appears to engage in corrupt business practices.
The Bribery Act 2010 (c.23) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that covers the criminal law relating to bribery.
Campaign finance refers to all funds raised to promote candidates, political parties, or policy initiatives and referenda.
The, officially the Commission of Inquiry on the Awarding and Management of Public Contracts in the Construction Industry, is a public inquiry in Quebec, Canada into potential corruption in the management of public construction contracts.
Chose (pronounced:, French for "thing") is a term used in common law tradition to refer to rights in property, specifically a combined bundle of rights.
A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, and serving one interest could involve working against another.
A convention, in the sense of a meeting, is a gathering of individuals who meet at an arranged place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest.
The term corporate donation refers to any financial contribution made by a corporation to another organization that furthers the contributor's own objectives.
Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) since 1995, annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit".
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Dianne Wilkerson (born May 2, 1955) is a former Democratic member of the Massachusetts Senate, representing the 2nd Suffolk District from 1993 to 2008.
Discounts and allowances are reductions to a basic price of goods or services.
Donald Edgar "Buz" Lukens (February 11, 1931 – May 22, 2010) was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio.
A donation is a gift for charity, humanitarian aid, or to benefit a cause.
Randall Harold Cunningham (born December 8, 1941), usually known as Randy or Duke, is a United States Navy 20-year career pilot and officer, retiring as a commander; a Republican politician and a convicted felon.
A duty (from "due" meaning "that which is owing"; deu, did, past participle of devoir; debere, debitum, whence "debt") is a commitment or expectation to perform some action in general or if certain circumstances arise.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Employee benefits and (especially in British English) benefits in kind (also called fringe benefits, perquisites, or perks) include various types of non-wage compensation provided to employees in addition to their normal wages or salaries.
The England cricket team represents England and Wales (and, until 1992, also Scotland) in international cricket.
Extortion (also called shakedown, outwrestling and exaction) is a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from an individual or institution, through coercion.
"Follow the money" is a catchphrase popularized by the 1976 drama-documentary motion picture All The President's Men, which suggests a money trail or corruption scheme within high (often political) office.
The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (FCPA) (et seq.) is a United States federal law known primarily for two of its main provisions, one that addresses accounting transparency requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and another concerning bribery of foreign officials.
Funding is the act of providing financial resources, usually in the form of money, or other values such as effort or time, to finance a need, program, and project, usually by an organization or company.
Fundraising or fund raising (also known as "development") is the process of gathering voluntary contributions of money or other resources, by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies (see also crowd funding).
Gerald Phillip "Gerry" Garson (August 3, 1932 — February 6, 2016) was a former New York Supreme Court Justice who heard matrimonial divorce and child custody cases in Brooklyn.
A gift or a present is an item given to someone without the expectation of payment or return.
In economics, goods are materials that satisfy human wants and provide utility, for example, to a consumer making a purchase of a satisfying product.
A gratuity (also called a tip) is a sum of money customarily given by a client or customer to a service worker, in addition to the basic price.
The Group of States against Corruption (groupe d'États contre la corruption, GRECO), the Council of Europe’s anti-corruption monitoring body with its Headquarters in Strasbourg (France), was established, in 1999, as an enlarged Partial Agreement by 17 Council of Europe member States.
Influence peddling is the illegal practice of using one's influence in government or connections with persons in authority to obtain favours or preferential treatment for another, usually in return for payment.
ISO 26000 Guidance on social responsibility is launched from ISO, the International Organization for Standardization.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
John Wilson Jenrette Jr. (born May 19, 1936) is an American former politician from South Carolina, best known for his involvement in the ABSCAM corruption scandal, and being the husband of Playboy model Rita Jenrette.
Jury tampering is the crime of unduly attempting to influence the composition and/or decisions of a jury during the course of a trial.
A kickback is a form of negotiated bribery in which a commission is paid to the bribe-taker in exchange for services rendered.
Kleptocracy (from Greek κλέπτης kléptēs, "thief", κλέπτω kléptō, "I steal", and -κρατία -kratía from κράτος krátos, "power, rule") is a government with corrupt leaders (kleptocrats) that use their power to exploit the people and natural resources of their own territory in order to extend their personal wealth and political powers.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Legal plunder, is the act of appropriating, under the laws, the property of others.
Lobbying, persuasion, or interest representation is the act of attempting to influence the actions, policies, or decisions of officials in their daily life, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies.
Mani pulite (Italian for "clean hands") was a nationwide judicial investigation into political corruption in Italy held in the 1990s.
Martin Thomas Manton (August 2, 1880 – November 17, 1946) was a United States federal judge in New York City, who resigned and served time in prison for accepting bribes while in office.
The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
In organized sports, match fixing occurs as a match is played to a completely or partially pre-determined result, violating the rules of the game and often the law.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Mohammad Amir (محمد عامر, born 13 April 1992) is a Pakistani international cricketer.
Mohammad Asif (Urdu:, born 20 December 1982) is a Pakistani right-arm fast bowler in cricket.
Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context.
The Supreme Court of the State of New York is the trial-level court of general jurisdiction in the New York State Unified Court System.
In the sport of cricket a no-ball is a penalty against the fielding team, usually as a result of an illegal delivery by the bowler.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention (officially Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions) is a convention of the OECD aimed at reducing corruption in developing countries by encouraging sanctions against bribery in international business transactions carried out by companies based in the Convention member countries.
Offer and acceptance analysis is a traditional approach in contract law.
In finance, an option is a contract which gives the buyer (the owner or holder of the option) the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or instrument at a specified strike price on a specified date, depending on the form of the option.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
The Pakistan cricket spot-fixing scandal was a scandal centering on certain members of Pakistan's national cricket team, who were convicted of taking bribes from a bookmaker, Mazhar Majeed, to deliberately underperform at certain times in a Test match at Lord's, London, in 2010.
A patient is any recipient of health care services.
Pay to play, sometimes pay for play, is a phrase used for a variety of situations in which money is exchanged for services or the privilege to engage in certain activities.
Payola, in the music industry, is the illegal practice of payment or other inducement by record companies for the broadcast of recordings on commercial radio in which the song is presented as being part of the normal day's broadcast, without announcing this prior to broadcast.
The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
In organized sports, point shaving is a type of match fixing where the perpetrators try to prevent a team from covering a published point spread.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
A policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes.
Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
Price fixing is an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand.
Price skimming is a pricing strategy in which a marketer sets a relatively high initial price for a product or service at first, then lowers the price over time.
The principal–agent problem, in political science and economics, (also known as agency dilemma or the agency problem) occurs when one person or entity (the "agent") is able to make decisions and/or take actions on behalf of, or that impact, another person or entity: the "principal".
A privilege is a certain entitlement to immunity granted by the state or another authority to a restricted group, either by birth or on a conditional basis.
A promotion is the advancement of an employee's rank or position in an organizational hierarchy system.
Property, in the abstract, is what belongs to or with something, whether as an attribute or as a component of said thing.
Quid pro quo ("something for something" in Latin) is a phrase used in English to mean an exchange of goods or services, in which one transfer is contingent upon the other; "a favour for a favour".
Raghavendra Rau holds the Sir Evelyn de Rothschild Professorship of Finance at the Judge Business School at the University of Cambridge.
Ralph Lauren (born Ralph Lifshitz; October 14, 1939) is an American fashion designer, philanthropist, and business executive, best known for the Ralph Lauren Corporation, a global multibillion-dollar enterprise.
A rebate is an amount paid by way of reduction, return, or refund on what has already been paid or contributed.
A referee or simply ref is the person of authority in a variety of sports who is responsible for presiding over the game from a neutral point of view and making on-the-fly decisions that enforce the rules of the sport, including sportsmanship decisions such as ejection.
Remuneration is considered the pay or other compensation provided in exchange for the services performed; not to be confused with giving (away), or donating, or the act of providing to.
In public choice theory and in economics, rent-seeking involves seeking to increase one's share of existing wealth without creating new wealth.
Richard George "Rick" Renzi (born June 11, 1958) is a former American politician who was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing from 2003 until in 2009.
Roh Moo-hyun GOM (1 September 1946 – 23 May 2009) was a South Korean politician who served as President of South Korea (2003–2008).
Salman Butt (Punjabi/سلمان بٹ, Salmān Buṭṭ; born 7 October 1984) is a Pakistani cricketer, who played all forms of the game and a former Test team captain, until he was jailed in Britain for spot fixing in 2011.
In English law, a secret profit is a profit made by an employee who uses his employer's premises and business facilities in order to engage in unauthorised trade on his own behalf.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs, also small and medium enterprises) or small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) are businesses whose personnel numbers fall below certain limits.
Solicitation is the act of offering, or attempting to purchase, goods or services.
A sop is a piece of bread or toast that is drenched in liquid and then eaten.
Spiro Theodore "Ted" Agnew (November 9, 1918 – September 17, 1996) was the 39th Vice President of the United States, serving from 1969 to his resignation in 1973.
Sponsoring something (or someone) is the act of supporting an event, activity, person, or organization financially or through the provision of products or services.
A sweetheart deal or sweetheart contract is an abnormally favorable contractual arrangement.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Guardian Weekly is an internationally focused English-language newspaper based in London, UK.
Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
A waiver is the voluntary relinquishment or surrender of some known right or privilege.
The 2002 Olympic Winter Games bid scandal was a scandal involving allegations of bribery used to win the rights to host the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
At the 2002 Winter Olympics held in Salt Lake City, allegations arose that the pairs' figure skating competition had been fixed.
Bribe, Bribe taking, Bribed, Briberies, Bribes, Bribetaking, Bribing, Bung (slang), Efficient grease, Hush-money, Illegal gratuity, List of cases of bribery, Mordida, Political bribery, Shirini (corruption).