519 relations: Aaron Lennon, Abolitionism, Academy Awards, Ackee, Activism, Africa, African Americans, African and Caribbean War Memorial, African diaspora, Afro-Caribbean, Alan Green (broadcaster), Ali G, Allan Glaisyer Minns, Amber Rudd, American Revolution, Americans in the United Kingdom, Andrea Levy, Andrew Salkey, Andrew Watson (footballer, born 1856), Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Antiguans and Barbudans in the United Kingdom, Ashley Cole, Association football, Aston, Aswad, Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 × 100 metres relay, Atlantic Ocean, Aubrey Williams, Audley Harrison, Autograph ABP, Bahamians, Bananarama, Barbadian British, Barbados, BBC, BBC News, BBC Radio, BBC Radio 1Xtra, BBC Television, Belize, Benjamin Zephaniah, Bermuda, Bernard Coard, Birmingham, Black and Asian Studies Association, Black British, Black Power, Black Unity and Freedom Party, BLK Art Group, ..., Blue Mountain Theatre, Bob Marley, Bogle-L'Ouverture Publications, Boxing, Boxing at the 2000 Summer Olympics, Bradford, Breakbeat, Bridport Arts Centre, Bristol, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, British African-Caribbean people, British Asian, British Empire, British English, British Guiana, British Honduras, British Indo-Caribbean people, British Jamaican, British jazz, British Nationality Act 1948, British nationality law, British North America, British Rail, British Sociological Association, Brixton, Brixton Market, Broadwater Farm riot, C. L. R. James, Calypso music, Cannabis (drug), Cardiff, Caribbean, Caribbean cuisine, Caribbean English, Caribbean literature, Caribbean Voices, Carlton Television, Carmen Munroe, Catholic Church in the United Kingdom, Cato Street Conspiracy, Ceri Peach, Channel 4, Chapeltown, Leeds, Chris Eubank, Christianity, Church of England, Clapham South tube station, Claude McKay, Claudia Jones, Clyde Best, Coachman, Coldharbour Lane, Colin Jackson, Comedy, Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1962, Commonwealth of Nations, Communism, Community centre, Costa Book Awards, Cou-cou, County Championship, Courts of the United Kingdom, Coventry, Cricket, Crimean War, Culture of the United Kingdom, Curry goat, Cyrille Regis, Dalston, Dancehall, Danish West India Company, Darcus Howe, Darren Campbell, Darryl Powell, David James (footballer, born 1970), Denise Lewis, Dennis Bovell, Derrick Morgan, Desmond Dekker, Desmond's, Devon Malcolm, Dexys Midnight Runners, Diane Parish, Disco, Dominica, Don Warrington, Donald Curry, Donald Rodney, Dotun Adebayo, Dreadlocks, Dried and salted cod, Drum and bass, Dub music, Dub poetry, Dumpling, Dutch West India Company, Eddie Chambers (artist), Eddy Grant, Education in the United Kingdom, Employment, England, England cricket team, England national football team, English language, English literature, English-based creole languages, English-speaking world, Ethel Scott, Eugene O'Neill, Eugene Palmer, Evander Holyfield, Evangelicalism, Extremism, FA Cup, Faisal Abdu'Allah, Ferdinand Dennis, Festival, Flying fish, Footman, Formula One, Fowokan, Frank Bowling, Frank Bruno, Frank Sinclair, Fred D'Aguiar, French colonial empire, French Guiana, Garfield Sobers, Gary Younge, General Certificate of Secondary Education, Genre fiction, George Lamming, Gladstone Small, Glasgow, Gleaner Company, Gloucester, Gold medal, Golden Globe Award, Goldie, Goldsmiths, University of London, Gospel music, Grace (food company), Greater London, Grenada, Grenadians in the United Kingdom, Grime (music genre), Grocery store, Gus John, Guyana, Guyanese in the United Kingdom, Haitian Revolution, Hakim Adi, Handsworth Revolution, Handsworth, West Midlands, Harlesden, Harry Edward, Harvard University, Hayward Gallery, Heaton, West Yorkshire, Heptathlon, High Street, Hip hop music, HMT Empire Windrush, Home Office, Home Secretary, Horace Ové, Hot Chocolate (band), House music, House of Commons, Huddersfield, Ian Blair, Ignatius Sancho, Imagination (band), Indigenous peoples, Ingrid Pollard, Institutional racism, Insurance, Intellectual, International Book Fair of Radical Black and Third World Books, Islam, ITV (TV network), Jamaica, Jamaica national football team, James Berry (poet), Jason Gardener, Javelin throw, Jerk (cooking), Jermaine Jenas, John Barnes (footballer), Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Judith Jacob, Jungle music, Kamau Brathwaite, Keith Piper (artist), Kelly Holmes, Kingston, Jamaica, Kwela, Lancaster University, Law enforcement in the United Kingdom, League of Empire Loyalists, Leeds, Leeds West Indian Carnival, Leicester, Leicester Caribbean Carnival, Lennie James, Lennox Lewis, Lenny Henry, Lewis Hamilton, Lewisham, Lindy Delapenha, Linford Christie, Linton Kwesi Johnson, List of dialects of the English language, List of heavyweight boxing champions, List of West Indies Test cricketers, Liverpool, Liverpool F.C., Lloyd Honeyghan, London, London Borough of Croydon, London Community Gospel Choir, London deep-level shelters, London School of Economics, London South Bank University, London Transport Executive, Lord Beginner, Lord Kitchener (calypsonian), Love Thy Neighbour, Luther Blissett, Luton, Manchester, Manchester United F.C., Marcia Griffiths, Marianne Jean-Baptiste, Mark Lewis-Francis, Mark Sealy, Marlene Smith, Marlon Devonish, Mary Seacole, Massive Attack, Maxi Priest, Metropolitan Police Service, Michael Holding, Michael Johnson (footballer, born 1973), Middlesbrough F.C., Mike Phillips (writer), Mike Tyson, Militant (Trotskyist group), Military history of Britain, Millie Small, Mod (subculture), Modern immigration to the United Kingdom, Moira Stuart, Montserrat, Montserratians in the United Kingdom, Moon Hop, Moss Side, Multiculturalism, Murder of Stephen Lawrence, Music hall, Musical Youth, Nathaniel Wells, National Executive Committee, National Health Service, National Lottery (United Kingdom), New Beacon Books, New Cross house fire, New Nation, New Statesman, New World, Nigel Benn, Nightclub, Nonconformist, Norman Beaton, Notting Hill, Notting Hill Carnival, Notting Hill Gate, Nottingham, Novel, OECD, Oliver Samuels, Olympic Games, On Beauty, One Day International, Order of the British Empire, Oswald Mosley, Participation (decision making), Patois, Paul Gilroy, Paul Ince, Peckham, Pelau, Pentecostalism, Peter J. Aspinall, PFA Players' Player of the Year, Phillip DeFreitas, Pirate radio, Plantation, Plantocracy, Pogus Caesar, Politics of the United Kingdom, Port of Tilbury, Portuguese Empire, Poverty, Premier League, Pressure (film), Pride Magazine, Prince Buster, Protestantism, Pub, Queen's Park F.C., Racism, Ragga, Rastafari, Recession, Reggae, Rhythm and blues, Rice and peas, Rio Ferdinand, Rising Damp, Robbie Earle, Robert Adams (actor), Robert Beckford, Robert Wedderburn (radical), Rocksteady, Ronald Moody, Roni Size, Roots reggae, Royal Air Force, Rude boy, Rudolph Walker, Rugby football, Sacha Baron Cohen, Saint Andrew Parish, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sajid Javid, Sam Selvon, Scarman Report, Scotland, Scotland national football team, Scottish Cup, Secrets & Lies (film), Seventh Day Baptists, Sheffield, Ska, Skinhead, Slavery Abolition Act 1833, Slavery in Africa, Slavery in the British and French Caribbean, Slough, Socialist Review, Societal racism, Sociology, Sol Campbell, Sonia Boyce, Soul II Soul, Soul music, Sound system (Jamaican), South America, South London, South Shields, Spanish Empire, St Pauls, Bristol, Steel Pulse, Steve McQueen (director), Stonebridge, London, Stuart Hall (cultural theorist), Sugar plantations in the Caribbean, Sus law, Swan Lake, Symarip, T. S. Eliot Prize, Talawa Theatre Company, Tam Joseph, Tate Britain, Techno, Teddy Boy, Television in the United Kingdom, Tessa Sanderson, Test cricket, The Age, The Black Jacobins, The Caribbean Times, The Cats (reggae band), The Economist, The Emperor Jones, The Establishment, The Guardian, The Observer, The Oval, The Skatalites, The Voice (newspaper), Theo Walcott, Theresa May, Thetford, Thomas Spence, Tottenham, Tottenham Hotspur F.C., Toxteth, Track and field, Trevor McDonald, Trevor Phillips, Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidadian and Tobagonian British, Troopship, Turner Prize, Two-tone (music genre), UB40, UK garage, Unemployment, Union Movement, United Kingdom, United Kingdom census, 2001, United Kingdom census, 2011, United Kingdom general election, 1987, University of London, University of Strathclyde, University of Warwick, Urban fiction, Val McCalla, Variety show, Victor Headley, Viv Anderson, Viv Richards, Wales, Walter Tull, Wembley Stadium, West Africa, West Bowling A.R.L.F.C., West Ham, West Indian Gazette, West Indies cricket team, West Midlands conurbation, White British, White Defence League, White people, White Teeth, William Cowper, William Davidson (conspirator), William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw, Wilson Harris, Windrush scandal, Women's Prize for Fiction, Workers' Dreadnought, Working class, World War I, World War II, Yvonne Brewster, Zadie Smith, 100 metres, 110 metres hurdles, 1500 metres, 1920 Summer Olympics, 1981 Brixton riot, 1981 Toxteth riots, 1984 Summer Olympics, 1985 Brixton riot, 1985 Handsworth riots, 1987 Cricket World Cup, 1992 Summer Olympics, 1998 FIFA World Cup, 1999 London nail bombings, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2004 Summer Olympics, 2006 FIFA World Cup, 800 metres. 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Aaron Justin Lennon (born 16 April 1987) is an English professional footballer who plays as a winger for Premier League club Burnley.
Abolitionism is a general term which describes the movement to end slavery.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The ackee, also known as achee, ackee apple or ayee (Blighia sapida) is a fruit, which is the member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry family), as are the lychee and the longan.
Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental reform or stasis with the desire to make improvements in society.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The African and Caribbean War Memorial in Brixton, London, is the United Kingdom's national memorial to African and Caribbean service personnel who fought in the First and Second World Wars.
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
Afro-Caribbean, a term not used by West Indians themselves but first coined by Americans in the late 1960s, describes Caribbean people who trace at least some of their ancestry to West Africa in the period since Christopher Columbus' arrival in the region in 1492.
Alan Green (born 25 June 1952 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) has been a BBC Radio sports commentator since 1981, mainly on football but also on golf, rowing and the Olympic Games.
Alistair Leslie Graham, better known as Ali G, is a satirical fictional character created and performed by British comedian Sacha Baron Cohen.
Allan Glaisyer Minns (1858 – 16 September 1930) was the first black man to become a mayor in Britain.
Amber Augusta Rudd (born 1 August 1963) is a British Conservative politician.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
Americans in the United Kingdom or American Britons includes emigrants from the United States who gain British citizenship, people from the United States who are or have become residents or citizens of the United Kingdom.
Andrea Levy (born 7 March 1956) is an English novelist, born in London to Jamaican parents, who sailed to England on the Empire Windrush in 1948.
Andrew Salkey (30 January 1928 – 28 April 1995) was a novelist, poet, children's books writer and journalist of Jamaican and Haitian origin.
Andrew Watson (24 May 1856 – 8 March 1921) is widely considered to be the world's first black person to play association football at international level.
Anguilla is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean.
Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign state in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Antiguans and Barbudans in the United Kingdom are residents or citizens of the United Kingdom who can trace their roots to Antigua and Barbuda.
Ashley Cole (born 20 December 1980) is an English professional footballer who plays as a left-back for Los Angeles Galaxy in Major League Soccer.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Aston is a ward of Central Birmingham, England.
Aswad are a long-lasting British reggae group, noted for adding strong R&B and soul influences to the reggae sound.
The men's 4×100 metres relay at the 2004 Summer Olympics as part of the athletics program was held at the Athens Olympic Stadium from August 27 to 28.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Aubrey Williams (8 May 1926 – 17 April 1990) was a Guyanese artist.
Audley Hugh Harrison, (born 26 October 1971) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 2001 to 2013.
Autograph ABP (previously known as the Association of Black Photographers) is a British-based international, non-profit-making, photographic arts agency.
Bahamians are a people that are ethnically associated with The Commonwealth of the Bahamas, or by citizenship.
Bananarama are a British female pop music vocal group formed in London in 1981 by friends Sara Dallin, Siobhan Fahey and Keren Woodward.
Barbadian British people, or Bajan-Brits, British Barbadians are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose ethnic origins lie fully or partially in the Caribbean island of Barbados.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC Radio is an operational business division and service of the British Broadcasting Corporation (which has operated in the United Kingdom under the terms of a Royal Charter since 1927).
BBC Radio 1Xtra (also known simply as 1Xtra) is a digital radio station in the United Kingdom from the BBC specialising in urban music.
BBC Television is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
Benjamin Obadiah Iqbal Zephaniah (born 15 April 1958)Gregory, Andy (2002), International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002, Europa, p. 562.
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.
Winston Bernard Coard (born 10 August 1945) is a Grenadian politician who was Deputy Prime Minister in the People's Revolutionary Government of the New Jewel Movement.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Black and Asian Studies Association (BASA) was set up in London in 1991.
Black British are British citizens of Black origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.
Black Power is a political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination for people of African descent.
In politics and history the Black Unity and Freedom Party (BUFP) (c. 1970 – 99) was a political organisation that was part of Britain's Black Power and Radical left movements.
The BLK Art Group was the name chosen in 1982 by a group of four influential conceptual artists, painters, sculptors and installation artists based in the United Kingdom.
Blue Mountain Theatre is a theatre company created in London in 1989 to provide theatre pieces for black British audiences.
Robert Nesta Marley, OM (6 February 1945 – 11 May 1981) was a Jamaican singer-songwriter who became an international musical and cultural icon, blending mostly reggae, ska, and rocksteady in his compositions.
Bogle-L’Ouverture Publications (BLP) is a radical London-based publishing company founded in 1968 by Guyanese activists Jessica Huntley (23 February 1927 – 13 October 2013)Margaret Busby,, The Guardian, 27 October 2013.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.
The boxing competition at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney was held at the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre in Darling Harbour.
Bradford is in the Metropolitan Borough of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England, in the foothills of the Pennines west of Leeds, and northwest of Wakefield.
Breakbeat is a broad style of electronic or dance-oriented music which utilizes breaks, often sampled from earlier recordings in funk, jazz and R&B, for the main rhythm.
Bridport Arts Centre is an arts centre in Bridport, Dorset, England.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) is an independent charity that supports, develops and promotes the art forms of the moving image – film, television and game in the United Kingdom.
British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.
British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons) are persons of South Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
British Guiana was the name of the British colony, part of the British West Indies (Caribbean), on the northern coast of South America, now known as the independent nation of Guyana.
British Honduras was a British Crown colony on the east coast of Central America, south of Mexico, from 1862 to 1964, then a self-governing colony, renamed Belize in June 1973,, Caribbean Community.
British Indo-Caribbean people are residents of the United Kingdom who were born in the Caribbean and whose ancestors are indigenous to India.
British Jamaican (or Jamaican British) people are British people who were born in Jamaica or who are of Jamaican descent.
British jazz is a form of music derived from American jazz.
The British Nationality Act 1948 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that created the status of "Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies" (CUKC) as the national citizenship of the United Kingdom and its colonies.
British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom which concerns citizenship and other categories of British nationality.
The term "British North America" refers to the former territories of the British Empire on the mainland of North America.
British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.
The British Sociological Association (BSA) is a scholarly and professional society for sociologists in the United Kingdom, and was founded in 1951.
Brixton is a district of south London, England, within the London Borough of Lambeth.
Brixton Market comprises a street market in the centre of Brixton, south London, and the adjacent covered market areas in nearby arcades Reliance Arcade, Market Row and Granville Arcade (recently rebranded as 'Brixton Village').
The Broadwater Farm riot occurred around the Broadwater Farm estates area of Tottenham, North London, on 6 October 1985.
Cyril Lionel Robert James (4 January 1901 – 31 May 1989), who sometimes wrote under the pen-name J. R. Johnson, was an Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist and socialist.
Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music that originated in Trinidad and Tobago during the early to mid-19th century and eventually spread to the rest of the Caribbean Antilles and Venezuela by the mid-20th century.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for medical or recreational use.
Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Caribbean cuisine is a fusion of African, (Caribbean.). Accessed July 2011.
Caribbean English is a broad term for the dialects of the English language spoken in the Caribbean and Liberia, most countries on the Caribbean coast of Central America, and Guyana and Suriname on the coast of South America.
Caribbean literature is the term generally accepted for the literature of the various territories of the Caribbean region.
Caribbean Voices was a radio programme broadcast by the BBC World Service from Bush House in London, England, between 1943 and 1958.
Carlton Television (now part of the non-franchise ITV London region) was the ITV franchise holder for London and the surrounding counties from 9.25am every Monday to 5.15pm every Friday.
Carmen Munroe, (born 12 November 1932), Guyanese Girls Rock, 8 November 2012.
The Catholic Church in the United Kingdom is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope.
The Cato Street Conspiracy was an attempt to murder all the British cabinet ministers and Prime Minister Lord Liverpool in 1820.
Guthlac Ceri Klaus Peach (born 26 October 1939) is a geographer from Bridgend, Wales.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.
Chapeltown is a suburb of north-east Leeds, in West Yorkshire, England,.
Christopher Livingstone Eubank (born 8 August 1966), is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1985 to 1998.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
Clapham South is a station on London Underground's Northern line between and Balham.
Festus Claudius "Claude" McKay (September 15, 1889 – May 22, 1948) was a Jamaican writer and poet, who was a seminal figure in the Harlem Renaissance.
Claudia Jones, née Claudia Vera Cumberbatch (21 February 1915 – 24 December 1964), was a Trinidad-born journalist and activist.
Clyde Cyril Best, MBE (born 24 February 1951 in Somerset, Bermuda) is a Bermudian former football player.
A coachman is a man whose business it is to drive a coach, a horse-drawn vehicle designed for the conveyance of more than one passenger — and of mail — and covered for protection from the elements.
Coldharbour Lane is a road in South London that leads south-westwards from Camberwell to Brixton.
Colin Ray Jackson, CBE (born 18 February 1967) is a British former sprint and hurdling athlete who specialised in the 110 metres hurdles.
In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, or any other medium of entertainment.
The Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1962 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Community centres or community centers are public locations where members of a community tend to gather for group activities, social support, public information, and other purposes.
The Costa Book Awards are a set of annual literary awards recognizing English-language books by writers based in Britain and Ireland.
Cou-cou, coo-coo (as it is known in the Windward Islands), or fungi (as it is known in the Leeward Islands and Dominica) makes up part of the national dishes of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, British Virgin Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
The County Championship, currently known as the Specsavers County Championship for sponsorship reasons, is the domestic first-class cricket competition in England and Wales and is organised by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB).
The Courts of the United Kingdom are separated into three separate jurisdictions, the Courts of England and Wales, Courts of Scotland and the Courts of Northern Ireland, as the United Kingdom does not have a single unified judicial system.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
The culture of the United Kingdom is influenced by the UK's history as a developed state, a liberal democracy and a great power; its predominantly Christian religious life; and its composition of four countries—England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland—each of which has distinct customs, cultures and symbolism.
Curry goat is a curry dish prepared with goat meat.
Cyrille Regis, MBE (9 February 1958 – 14 January 2018) was an English international footballer who played as a forward.
Dalston is a district of East London, England, north east of Charing Cross.
Dancehall is a genre of Jamaican popular music that originated in the late 1970s.
The Danish West India Company or Danish West IndiaGuinea Company (Det Vestindisk-Guineisk kompagni) was a Dano-Norwegian chartered company that exploited colonies in the Danish West Indies.
Leighton Rhett Radford "Darcus" Howe (26 February 1943 – 1 April 2017), BBC News, 2 April 2017.
Darren Andrew Campbell, (born 12 September 1973) is a British former sprint athlete.
Darryl Anthony Powell (born 15 November 1971) is a sports agent and former professional footballer who made more than 350 appearances in the Football League and Premier League and played international football for the Jamaican national team.
David Benjamin James MBE (born 1 August 1970) is an English former footballer who played as a goalkeeper.
Denise Lewis OBE (born 27 August 1972, in West Bromwich) is a retired British track and field athlete, who specialised in the heptathlon.
Dennis Bovell (born 22 May 1953)Huey, Steve,, Allmusic.
Derrick Morgan (born 27 March 1940)Walters, Basil (2012) "", Jamaica Observer, 3 June 2012, retrieved 3 June 2012 is a musical artist popular in the 1960s and 1970s.
Desmond Dekker (16 July 1941 – 25 May 2006Thompson, Dave (2002) "Reggae & Caribbean Music", Backbeat Books,, Note: some sources list year of birth as 1942 or 1943) was a Jamaican ska, rocksteady and reggae singer-songwriter and musician.
Desmond's is a British television situation comedy broadcast by Channel 4 from 1989 to 1994.
Devon Eugene Malcolm (born 22 February 1963) is a former English cricketer.
Dexys Midnight Runners (currently officially Dexys, their former nickname, styled without an apostrophe) are an English pop band with soul influences, who achieved their major success in the early to mid-1980s.
Diane Parish (born 1 November 1969) is an English actress best known for her roles as Denise Fox in the BBC soap EastEnders and DC Eva Sharpe in The Bill.
Disco is a musical style that emerged in the mid 1960s and early 1970s from America's urban nightlife scene, where it originated in house parties and makeshift discothèques, reaching its peak popularity between the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.
Donald Williams, known by the stage name Don Warrington, MBE (born 23 May 1951), is a Trinidadian-born British actor.
Donald Sample (born September 7, 1961), better known as Donald Curry, is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1980 to 1991, and in 1997.
Donald Gladstone Rodney (18 May 1961 – 4 March 1998) was a British artist.
Oludotun "Dotun" Adebayo, MBE (born 25 August 1960) is a British radio presenter, writer, and publisher.
Dreadlocks, also locs, dreads, or in Sanskrit, Jaṭā, are ropelike strands of hair formed by matting or braiding hair.
Dried and salted cod, sometimes referred to simply as salt cod, is cod which has been preserved by drying after salting.
Drum and bass (also written as "drum 'n' bass" or "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), is a genre and branch of electronic music which emerged from rave and jungle scenes in Britain during the early 1990s.
Dub is a genre of music that grew out of reggae in the 1960s, and is commonly considered a subgenre,Dub: soundscapes and shattered songs in Jamaican reggae, p.2 though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae.
Dub poetry is a form of performance poetry of West Indian origin, which evolved out of dub music in Kingston, Jamaica, in the 1970s,, Allmusic last on-line access in 9/17/2012.
Dumpling is a broad classification for a dish that consists of pieces of dough (made from a variety of starch sources) wrapped around a filling or of dough with no filling.
Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie, or GWIC; Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors.
Eddie Chambers (born 1960) is a British contemporary art historian, curator, artist and Department of Art and Art History professor at the University of Texas at Austin.
Edmond Montague "Eddy" Grant (born 5 March 1948) is a Guyanese-British musician.
Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter with each of the countries of the United Kingdom having separate systems under separate governments: the UK Government is responsible for England; whilst the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Northern Ireland Executive are responsible for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, respectively.
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The England cricket team represents England and Wales (and, until 1992, also Scotland) in international cricket.
The England national football team represents England in international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
This article is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland, as well as literature in English from countries of the former British Empire, including the United States.
An English-based creole language (often shortened to English creole) is a creole language derived from the English language, for which English is the lexifier.
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
Ethel Scott (1907–1984) was the first black woman to represent Great Britain in an international athletics competition.
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature.
Eugene Palmer is also the name of a fugitive murder suspect missing since 2012 and presumed dead in Harriman State Park (New York), USA.
Evander Holyfield (born October 19, 1962) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1984 to 2011.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
Extremism means, literally, "the quality or state of being extreme" or the "advocacy of extreme measures or views".
The FA Cup, known officially as The Football Association Challenge Cup, is an annual knockout football competition in men's domestic English football.
Faisal Abdu'Allah (born 1969 in London) is a British artist and barber.
Ferdinand Dennis (born 1956), British Council, Literature Matters.
A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion or cultures.
The Exocoetidae are a family of marine fishes in the order Beloniformes class Actinopterygii.
A footman or footboy is a male domestic worker.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
George "Fowokan" Kelly (born 1 April 1943) is a Jamaican-born visual artist who lives in Britain and exhibits using the name "Fowokan" (a Yoruba word meaning: "one who creates with the hand").
Richard Sheridan Franklin Bowling (born 29 February 1936), known as Frank Bowling, is a Guyana-born British artist who is widely considered to be one of the most distinguished artists to emerge from post-war British art schools.
Franklin Roy "Frank" Bruno, (born 16 November 1961) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1982 to 1996.
Frank Mohammed Sinclair (born 3 December 1971) is a Jamaican former professional footballer.
Fred D'Aguiar (born 2 February 1960) is a British-Guyanese poet, novelist and playwright.
The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.
Sir Garfield St Aubrun Sobers, AO, OCC (born 28 July 1936), also known as Gary or Garry Sobers, is a former cricketer who played for the West Indies between 1954 and 1974, and is widely considered to be cricket's greatest all-rounder.
Gary Andrew Younge (born January 1969) is a British journalist, author and broadcaster.
The General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academic qualification, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Genre fiction, also known as popular fiction, is plot-driven fictional works written with the intent of fitting into a specific literary genre, in order to appeal to readers and fans already familiar with that genre.
George Lamming (born 8 June 1927) is a Barbadian novelist, essayist and poet and an important figure in Caribbean literature, who first won critical acclaim with his debut novel, In the Castle of My Skin (1953).
Gladstone Cleophas Small (born 18 October 1961 in St. George, Barbados) is an English former cricketer, who played in seventeen Tests and fifty three ODIs for England.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
The Gleaner Company Ltd. is a newspaper publishing enterprise in Jamaica.
Gloucester is a city and district in Gloucestershire, England, of which it is the county town.
A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field.
Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign.
Clifford Joseph Price, MBE (born 19 September 1965), better known by his stage name Goldie, is an English musician, DJ, visual artist and actor from Walsall.
Goldsmiths, University of London, is a public research university in London, England, specialising in the arts, design, humanities, and social sciences.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
Grace is a brand name of GraceKennedy Limited, a manufacturer of Caribbean cuisine and Jamaican cuisine food products.
Greater London is a region of England which forms the administrative boundaries of London, as well as a county for the purposes of the lieutenancies.
Grenada is a sovereign state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain.
Grenadians in the United Kingdom are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose ethnic origins lie fully or partially in Grenada.
Grime (also known as, Eskibeat, 8Bar, Sublow and UK Bashment) is a genre of music that emerged in London in the early 2000s.
A grocery store or grocer's shop is a retail shop that primarily sells food.
Augustine John (born 11 March 1945), Gus John website.
Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
Guyanese in the United Kingdom are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose origins lie in Guyana.
The Haitian Revolution (Révolution haïtienne) was a successful anti-slavery and anti-colonial insurrection by self-liberated slaves against French colonial rule in Saint-Domingue, now the sovereign nation of Haiti.
Hakim Adi is a British historian and scholar who specializes in African affairs.
Handsworth Revolution is a reggae album by Steel Pulse.
Handsworth is now an inner city, urban area of northwest Birmingham in the West Midlands.
Harlesden is an area in the London Borough of Brent, northwest London.
Harry Francis Vincent Edward (15 April 1898 – 8 July 1973) was a British runner.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The Hayward Gallery is an art gallery within the Southbank Centre, part of an area of major arts venues on the South Bank of the River Thames, in central London, England.
Heaton (population 14,519 - 2001 UK census) is a ward within the City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council, West Yorkshire, England.
A heptathlon is a track and field combined events contest made up of seven events.
High Street (or the High Street, also High Road) is a metonym for the concept (and frequently the street name) of the primary business street of towns or cities, especially in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
HMT Empire Windrush, originally MV Monte Rosa, was a passenger liner and cruise ship launched in Germany in 1930.
The Home Office (HO) is a ministerial department of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for immigration, security and law and order.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office.
Horace Ové, CBE (born 1939), is a British filmmaker, photographer, painter and writer, one of the leading black independent film-makers to emerge in Britain since the post-war period.
Hot Chocolate are a British soul band popular during the 1970s and 1980s, formed by Errol Brown and Tony Wilson.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
The House of Commons is the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada and historically was the name of the lower houses of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Southern Ireland, North Carolina and South Korea.
Huddersfield is a large market town in West Yorkshire, England.
Ian Warwick Blair, Baron Blair of Boughton, QPM (born 19 March 1953) is a retired British policeman who held the position of Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis from 2005 to 2008 and was the highest-ranking officer within the Metropolitan Police Service.
Ignatius Sancho (c. 1729 – 14 December 1780) was a British composer, actor, and writer.
Imagination were an English three piece band, who came to prominence in the early 1980s.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
Ingrid Pollard (born 1953) is a British artist and photographer.
Institutional racism (also known as institutionalized racism) is a form of racism expressed in the practice of social and political institutions.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking, research, and reflection about society and proposes solutions for its normative problems.
The International Book Fair of Radical Black and Third World Books, often referred to as The Black Book Fair, was inaugurated in London, England, in April 1982 and continued until 1995, bringing together a number of Black publishers, intellectuals and educationalists.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
ITV is a British commercial TV network.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
The Jamaica national football team is controlled by the Jamaica Football Federation (JFF), the governing body for football in Jamaica.
James Berry, OBE, Hon FRSL (28 September 1924 – 20 June 2017), was a black Jamaican poet who settled in England in the 1940s.
Jason Carl Gardener, MBE (born 18 September 1975) is a retired British sprint athlete.
The javelin throw is a track and field event where the javelin, a spear about in length, is thrown.
Jerk is a style of cooking native to Jamaica, in which meat is dry-rubbed or wet marinated with a hot spice mixture called Jamaican jerk spice.
Jermaine Anthony Jenas (born 18 February 1983) is a pundit and retired English professional footballer.
John Charles Bryan Barnes MBE (born 7 November 1963) is a Jamaican-born English former professional footballer and manager, who currently works as a commentator and pundit for ESPN and SuperSport.
The Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health is a peer-reviewed public health journal that covers all aspects of epidemiology and public health.
Judith Jacob (born 13 December 1961) is a British actress best known for her role as the health visitor Carmel Roberts in the BBC soap opera EastEnders, a role she played from 1986 to 1989.
Jungle is a genre of electronic music derived from breakbeat hardcore that developed in England in the early 1990s as part of UK rave scenes.
Edward Kamau Brathwaite (born 11 May 1930) is a Barbadian poet and academic, widely considered one of the major voices in the Caribbean literary canon.
Keith Piper (born in 1960) is a leading contemporary British artist, curator, critic and academic.
Dame Kelly Holmes, DBE (born 19 April 1970) is a retired British middle distance athlete.
Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica, located on the southeastern coast of the island.
Kwela is a pennywhistle-based street music from southern Africa with jazzy underpinnings and a distinctive, skiffle-like beat.
Lancaster University, also officially known as the University of Lancaster, is a public research university in the City of Lancaster, Lancashire, England.
Law enforcement in the United Kingdom is organised separately in each of the legal systems of the United Kingdom: England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.
The League of Empire Loyalists (LEL) was a British pressure group (also called a "ginger group" in Britain and the Commonwealth of Nations), established in 1954.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
The Leeds Carnival, also called the Leeds West Indian Carnival or the Chapeltown Carnival, is one of the longest running West Indian carnivals in Europe, having been going since 1967.
Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
Leicester Caribbean Carnival is an annual event, held in early August in Leicester, England.
Lennie James (born 11 October 1965) is a British actor, screenwriter, and playwright.
Lennox Claudius Lewis,, (born 2 September 1965) is a former professional boxer who competed from 1989 to 2003.
Sir Lenworth George Henry, (born 29 August 1958), known as Lenny Henry, is a British stand-up comedian, actor, singer, writer, and television presenter, known for co-founding charity Comic Relief, and presenting various television programmes, including the comedy Chef!, and The Magicians for BBC One.
Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton MBE (born 7 January 1985) is a British racing driver who races in Formula One for Mercedes AMG Petronas.
Lewisham is an area of south London, England, south-east of Charing Cross.
Lloyd Lindbergh "Lindy" Delapenha (5 May 1927 – 26 January 2017) was a Jamaican footballer and sports journalist.
Linford Cicero Christie (born 2 April 1960) is a Jamaican-born British former sprinter.
Linton Kwesi Johnson (aka LKJ, born 24 August 1952) is a Jamaican dub poet who has long been based in the UK.
This is an overview list of dialects of the English language.
This is a chronological list of world heavyweight boxing champions since the introduction of the Marquess of Queensberry rules in about 1884.
This is a list of West Indian Test cricketers.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
Liverpool Football Club is a professional football club in Liverpool, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.
Lloyd Honeyghan (born 22 April 1960) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1980 to 1995.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Borough of Croydon is a London borough in south London, England and is part of Outer London.
The London Community Gospel Choir is a gospel choir located in the United Kingdom.
The London deep-level shelters are eight deep-level air-raid shelters that were built under London Underground stations during World War II.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
London South Bank University (LSBU) is a public university in Newington, London.
The London Transport Executive (LTE) was the organisation responsible for public transport in the Greater London area, UK, between 1948–1962.
Egbert Moore (1904–1981), known as Lord Beginner, was a popular calypsonian.
Aldwin Roberts (18 April 1922 – 11 February 2000), better known by the stage name Lord Kitchener (or "Kitch"), was an internationally known Trinidadian calypsonian.
Love Thy Neighbour is a British sitcom, which was broadcast from 13 April 1972 until 22 January 1976, spanning seven series and fifty-four episodes.
Luther Loide Blissett (born 1 February 1958) is a former professional footballer and manager who played for the England national team during the 1980s.
Luton is a large town in Bedfordshire, England, Luton east of Aylesbury, west of Stevenage, northwest of London, and southeast of Milton Keynes.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Marcia Llyneth Griffiths (born 23 November 1949) is a Jamaican singer.
Marianne Ragipcien Jean-Baptiste (born 26 April 1967) is an English actress, singer-songwriter, composer and director, best known for her roles as Hortense Cumberbatch in Secrets & Lies (1996), for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, and as Vivian Johnson on the American television series Without a Trace.
Mark Anthony Lewis-Francis, MBE (born 4 September 1982) is a British track and field athlete, specifically a sprinter, who specialises in the 100 metres.
Mark Sealy MBE (born 1960) is a British curator and cultural historian with a special interest in the relationship of photography to social change, identity politics and human rights.
Marlene Elisabeth Smith (born August 3, 1931) is a Canadian former figure skater who competed in both pairs and ladies' singles.
Marlon Ronald Devonish, MBE (born 1 June 1976) is an English former sprinter who competed in the 100 metres and 200 metres.
Mary Jane Seacole OM (née Grant; 1805 – 14 May 1881) was a British-Jamaican business woman and nurse who set up the "British Hotel" behind the lines during the Crimean War.
Massive Attack are a British musical group formed in 1988 in Bristol, consisting of Robert "3D" Del Naja, Grant "Daddy G" Marshall and formerly Andy "Mushroom" Vowles ("Mush").
Max Alfred "Maxi" Elliott (born 10 June 1961), known by his stage name Maxi Priest, is an English reggae vocalist of Jamaican descent.
The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), commonly known as the Metropolitan Police and informally as the Met, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London, which is the responsibility of the City of London Police.
Michael Anthony Holding (born 16 February 1954) is a former West Indian cricketer.
Michael Owen Johnson (born 4 July 1973) is a former footballer who played as a defender, primarily at centre-half, although he also played left-back when called upon.
Middlesbrough Football Club is a professional association football club based in Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire, England.
Michael Angus "Mike" Phillips, OBE (born 8 August 1941), is a British writer and broadcast journalist of Guyanese descent.
Michael Gerard Tyson (born June 30, 1966) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1985 to 2005.
Militant, commonly called the Militant tendency, was a Trotskyist entryist group designed to infiltrate the British Labour Party.
The Military history of Britain, including the military history of the United Kingdom and the military history of the island of Great Britain, is discussed in the following articles.
Millicent Dolly May "Millie" Small, CD (born 6 October 1946), is a Jamaican singer-songwriter, best known for her 1964 recording of "My Boy Lollipop".
Mod is a subculture that began in London in 1958 and spread throughout Great Britain and elsewhere, eventually influencing fashions and trends in other countries, and continues today on a smaller scale.
Since 1945, immigration to the United Kingdom under British nationality law has been significant, in particular from the Republic of Ireland and from the former British Empire especially India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Caribbean, South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and Hong Kong.
Moira Clare Ruby Stuart OBE (born 2 September 1949) is a British presenter, who was the first African-Caribbean female newsreader to appear on British television, having worked on BBC News since 1981.
Montserrat is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies.
Montserratians in the United Kingdom including Montserratian-born immigrants to the United Kingdom and their British-born descendants constitute the second largest number of overseas British citizens living in the UK (behind Gibraltarians).
"Moon Hop" is a 1969 single by Derrick Morgan.
Moss Side is an inner-city area and electoral ward of Manchester, England.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
Stephen Lawrence (13 September 1974 – 22 April 1993) was a black British teenager from Plumstead, south east London, who was murdered in a racially motivated attack while waiting for a bus in Well Hall, Eltham on the evening of 22 April 1993.
Music hall is a type of British theatrical entertainment that was popular from the early Victorian era circa 1850 and lasting until 1960.
Musical Youth is a British Jamaican reggae band.
Nathaniel Wells (10 September 1779 – 13 May 1852), was the son of a Welsh merchant and a black slave.
The National Executive Committee (NEC) is the governing body of the UK Labour Party, setting the overall strategic direction of the party and policy development.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
The National Lottery is the state-franchised national lottery in the United Kingdom.
New Beacon Books is a British publishing house, bookshop, and international book service that specialized in Black British, Caribbean, African, African-American and Asian literature.
The New Cross house fire was a fire that occurred during a party at a house in New Cross, south-east London, in the early hours of Sunday, 18 January 1981.
New Nation was a weekly newspaper published in the UK for the Black British community.
The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
Nigel Gregory Benn (born 22 January 1964) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1987 to 1996.
A nightclub, music club or club, is an entertainment venue and bar that usually operates late into the night.
In English church history, a nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.
Norman Lugard Beaton (31 October 1934 – 13 December 1994) was a Guyanese actor long resident in the United Kingdom.
Notting Hill is a district in West London, located north of Kensington within the Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea (with eastern sections of Westbourne Grove merging into the City of Westminster).
The Notting Hill Carnival is an annual event that has taken place in London since 1966, Notting Hill Carnival '13, London Notting Hill Enterprises Trust.
Notting Hill Gate is one of the main thoroughfares of Notting Hill, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, north of London, in the East Midlands.
A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally in prose, which is typically published as a book.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Oliver Samuels (born 4 November 1948) is a Jamaican comedian and actor.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
On Beauty is a 2005 novel by British author Zadie Smith, loosely based on Howards End by E.M. Forster.
A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams with international status, in which each team faces a fixed number of overs, usually 50.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, 6th Baronet of Ancoats (16 November 1896 – 3 December 1980) was a British politician who rose to fame in the 1920s as a Member of Parliament and later in the 1930s became leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF).
Participation in social science refers to different mechanisms for the public to express opinions – and ideally exert influence – regarding political, economic, management or other social decisions.
Patois (pl. same or) is speech or language that is considered nonstandard, although the term is not formally defined in linguistics.
Paul Gilroy FBA (born 16 February 1956) is a Professor of American and English Literature at King's College London.
Paul Emerson Carlyle Ince (born 21 October 1967) is an English football manager and a former professional footballer who played as a midfielder from 1982 to 2007.
Peckham is a district of south-east London, England, south-east of Charing Cross.
Pelau is a traditional rice dish of the Trinidadian cuisine.
Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.
Peter J. Aspinall is a social scientist whose research focuses on health services, the terminology and classification of ethnicity, and the relationship between ethnicity and health.
The Professional Footballers' Association Players' Player of the Year (often called the PFA Players' Player of the Year, the Players' Player of the Year, or simply the Player of the Year) is an annual award given to the player who is adjudged to have been the best of the year in English football.
Phillip Anthony Jason "Daffy" DeFreitas (born 18 February 1966) is a former English cricketer.
Pirate radio or a pirate radio station is a radio station that broadcasts without a valid license.
A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops.
A plantocracy, also known as a slavocracy, is a ruling class, political order or government composed of (or dominated by) plantation owners.
Pogus Caesar is a British multimedia artist, archivist, author, curator, television producer and director.
The United Kingdom is a unitary state with devolution that is governed within the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of state while the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, currently Theresa May, is the head of government.
The Port of Tilbury is located on the River Thames at Tilbury in Essex, England.
The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
The Premier League is the top level of the English football league system.
Pressure is a 1976 British drama film directed by Horace Ové and starring Herbert Norville, Oscar James and Frank Singuineau.
Pride Magazine is the largest and most successful magazine targeting black British, mixed race, African and African-Caribbean women in the United Kingdom.
Cecil Bustamente Campbell OD (24 May 1938 – 8 September 2016), known professionally as Prince Buster, was a Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.
Queen's Park Football Club is a Scottish football club based in Glasgow.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Raggamuffin music, usually abbreviated as ragga, is a subgenre of dancehall and reggae music, in which the instrumentation primarily consists of electronic music.
Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.
In economics, a recession is a business cycle contraction which results in a general slowdown in economic activity.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
Rice and peas or peas and rice is a traditional food in the African continent.
Rio Gavin Ferdinand (born 7 November 1978) is an English former professional footballer who played as a centre back, and current television pundit for BT Sport.
Rising Damp is a British sitcom produced by Yorkshire Television for ITV.
Robert Fitzgerald Earle MBE (born 27 January 1965) is an English-born Jamaican former international footballer who played as a midfielder.
Robert Adams (1906–1965) was a British Guyanese actor of stage and screen.
Robert Beckford (born 1965) is a British academic theologian and currently a professor in theology at Canterbury Christ Church University, whose documentaries for both the BBC and Channel 4 have caused debate among the Christian and British religious community.
Robert Wedderburn (1762–1835/36?) was a Jamaican-born Unitarian, ultra-radical leader, and anti-slavery advocate in early 19th-century London.
Rocksteady is a music genre that originated in Jamaica around 1966.
Ronald Moody (12 August 1900 – 6 February 1984) was a Jamaican-born sculptor, specialising in wood carvings.
Roni Size (born Ryan Owen Granville Williams, 29 October 1969 in Bristol) is a British record producer and DJ, who came to prominence in 1997 as the founder and leader of Reprazent, a drum and bass collective.
Roots reggae is a subgenre of reggae that deals with the everyday lives and aspirations of the artists concerned, including the spiritual side of Rastafari and the honoring of God, called Jah by Rastafari.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
Rude boy, rudeboy, rudie, rudi, and rudy are slang terms that originated in 1960s Jamaican street culture, and that are still used today.
Rudolph Malcolm Walker, OBE (born 28 September 1939), is a Trinidadian actor, best known for his roles on British television.
Rugby football refers to the team sports rugby league and rugby union.
Sacha Noam Baron Cohen (born 13 October 1971) is an English actor, comedian, screenwriter, and producer.
Saint Andrew is a parish, situated in the southeast of Jamaica in the county of Surrey.
Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is an island country in the West Indies.
Saint Lucia (Sainte-Lucie) is a sovereign island country in the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a sovereign state in the Lesser Antilles island arc, in the southern portion of the Windward Islands, which lies in the West Indies at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean.
Sajid Javid (born 5 December 1969) is a British Conservative Party politician and former managing director at Deutsche Bank.
Samuel "Sam" Selvon (20 May 1923 – 16 April 1994), Encyclopædia Britannica.
The Scarman report was commissioned by the UK Government following the 1981 Brixton riots.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Scotland national football team represents Scotland in international football and is controlled by the Scottish Football Association.
The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup,, Scottish Football Association.
Secrets & Lies is a 1996 British drama film written and directed by Mike Leigh.
Seventh Day Baptists (SDBs) are a Baptist denomination which observes the Sabbath on the seventh-day of the week—Saturday—in accordance with the Biblical Sabbath of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:8, Deuteronomy 5:12).
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
Ska is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae.
The skinhead subculture originated among working class youths in London, England in the 1960s and soon spread to other parts of the United Kingdom, with a second working class skinhead movement emerging worldwide in the 1980s.
The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (3 & 4 Will. IV c. 73) abolished slavery throughout the British Empire.
Slavery has historically been widespread in Africa, and still continues today in some countries.
Slavery in the British and French Caribbean refers to slavery in the parts of the Caribbean dominated by France or the British Empire.
Slough is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the western fringes of the Greater London Urban Area, west of central London, north of Windsor, east of Maidenhead, south-east of High Wycombe and north-east of the county town of Reading.
The Socialist Review is the monthly magazine of the British Socialist Workers Party.
Societal racism is a term which refers to racist attitudes within a society It has also been called structural racism, because, according to Carl E. James, society is structured in a way that excludes substantial numbers of people from minority backgrounds from taking part in social institutions.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
Sulzeer Jeremiah "Sol" Campbell (born 18 September 1974) is a former England international footballer.
Sonia Dawn Boyce, (born 1962), is a British Afro-Caribbean artist, living and working in London.
Soul II Soul are a British musical group formed in London in 1988.
Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
In Jamaican popular culture, a sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing ska, rocksteady or reggae music.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South London is the southern part of London, England, south of the River Thames, and includes the historic districts of Southwark, Lambeth, Bankside and Greenwich.
South Shields is a coastal town at the mouth of the River Tyne, England, about downstream from Newcastle upon Tyne.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
St Pauls (also written St Paul's) is an inner suburb of Bristol, England, situated just north east of the city centre and west of the M32.
Steel Pulse is a roots reggae musical band from the Handsworth area of Birmingham, England, which has a large number of Afro-Caribbean, Indian and other Asian migrants.
Steven Rodney McQueen (born 9 October 1969) is a British film director, producer, screenwriter, and video artist.
Stonebridge is an area of northwest London, England in the London Borough of Brent, and forms the western part of Harlesden.
Stuart McPhail Hall, FBA (3 February 1932 – 10 February 2014) was a Jamaican-born cultural theorist, political activist and Marxist sociologist who lived and worked in the United Kingdom from 1951.
Sugar was the main crop produced on plantations throughout the Caribbean through the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
In England and Wales, the sus law (from "suspected person", see below) was the informal name for a stop and search law that permitted a police officer to stop, search and potentially arrest people on suspicion of them being in breach of section 4 of the Vagrancy Act 1824.
Swan Lake (Лебединое озеро Lebedinoye ozero), Op. 20, is a ballet composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1875–76.
Symarip (also known at various stages of their career as The Bees, The Pyramids, Seven Letters and Zubaba) were a ska and reggae band from the United Kingdom, originating in the late 1960s, when Frank Pitter and Michael Thomas founded the band as The Bees.
The T. S. Eliot Prize for Poetry is a prestigious prize that was, for many years, awarded by the Poetry Book Society (UK) to "the best collection of new verse in English first published in the UK or the Republic of Ireland" in any particular year.
Talawa Theatre Company is a Black British theatre company founded in 1986.
Tam Joseph (born 1947) is a Dominica-born British painter, formerly known as Tom Joseph.
Tate Britain (known from 1897 to 1932 as the National Gallery of British Art and from 1932 to 2000 as the Tate Gallery) is an art museum on Millbank in the City of Westminster in London.
Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s.
Teddy Boy (also known as Ted) is a British subculture typified by young men wearing clothes that were partly inspired by the styles worn by dandies in the Edwardian period, which Savile Row tailors had attempted to re-introduce in Britain after the Second World War.
Television in the United Kingdom started in 1936 as a public service which was free of advertising.
Theresa Ione "Tessa" Sanderson, (born 14 March 1956) is an English former javelin thrower and heptathlete.
Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket and is considered its highest standard.
The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution is a 1938 book by Afro-Trinidadian historian C. L. R. James, a history of the Haitian Revolution of 1791–1804.
The Caribbean Times was a British weekly newspaper that was first published in 1981 by Hansib Publications, a publishing house for Caribbean, African and Asian writers and their communities, founded in London by Guyanese-born businessman Arif Ali in 1970.
The Cats, previously known as The Hustlin' Kind were a ska ensemble from Mile End, London.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Emperor Jones is a 1920 play by American dramatist Eugene O'Neill that tells the tale of Brutus Jones, a resourceful, self-assured African American and a former Pullman porter, who kills another black man in a dice game, is jailed, and later escapes to a small, backward Caribbean island where he sets himself up as emperor.
The Establishment generally denotes a dominant group or elite that holds power or authority in a nation or organisation.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Oval, currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, South London.
The Skatalites are a ska band from Jamaica.
The Voice, founded in 1982, is the only British national Afro-Caribbean weekly newspaper operating in the United Kingdom.
Theo James Walcott (born 16 March 1989) is an English professional footballer who plays as a forward for Premier League club Everton and the English national team.
Theresa Mary May (Brasier; born 1 October 1956) is a British politician serving as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party since 2016.
Thetford is a market town and civil parish in the Breckland district of Norfolk, England.
Thomas Spence (21 June Old Style/ 2 July New Style, 1750 – 8 September 1814) was an English Radical, Spartacus.schoolnet, accessed 29 August 2010 and advocate of the common ownership of land.
Tottenham is a district of north London, England, within the London Borough of Haringey.
Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, commonly referred to simply as Tottenham or Spurs, is an English football club in Tottenham, London, England, that competes in the Premier League.
Toxteth is an inner city area of Liverpool, England.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
Sir Trevor McDonald, (born George McDonald; 16 August 1939) is a Trinidadian-British newsreader and journalist, best known for his career as a news presenter with ITN.
Mark Trevor Phillips (born 31 December 1953) is a British writer, broadcaster and former politician.
Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean.
Trinidadian and Tobagonian British people are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose ethnic origins lie fully or partially in Trinidad and Tobago.
A troopship (also troop ship or troop transport or trooper) is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime.
The Turner Prize, named after the English painter J. M. W. Turner, is an annual prize presented to a British visual artist.
Two-tone (or 2 tone) is a genre of British music that fuses traditional ska with musical elements of punk rock.
UB40 are an English reggae and pop band, formed in December 1978 in Birmingham, England.
UK garage (also known as UKG) is a genre of electronic music originating from England in the early 1990s.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
The Union Movement was a far-right political party founded in Britain by Oswald Mosley.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A nationwide census, known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday, 29 April 2001.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The 1987 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 11 June 1987, to elect 650 members to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
The University of London (abbreviated as Lond. or more rarely Londin. in post-nominals) is a collegiate and a federal research university located in London, England.
The University of Strathclyde is a public research university located in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.
The University of Warwick is a plate glass research university in Coventry, England.
Urban fiction, also known as street lit or street fiction is a literary genre set in a city landscape; however, the genre is as much defined by the socio-economic realities and culture of its characters as the urban setting.
Val Irvine McCalla (3 October 1943 – 22 August 2002) was a Jamaican accountant and media entrepreneur who settled in Britain in 1959.
Variety shows, also known as variety arts or variety entertainment, is entertainment made up of a variety of acts including musical performances, sketch comedy, magic, acrobatics, juggling, and ventriloquism.
Victor Headley (born 1959) is a Jamaican-born British author.
Vivian Alexander Anderson (born 29 July 1956) is an English football coach and former player.
Sir Isaac Vivian Alexander Richards, KNH, OBE (born 7 March 1952), known as Viv Richards, is a former Antiguan cricketer, who represented the West Indies at test and international levels.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Walter Daniel John Tull (28 April 1888 – 25 March 1918) was an English professional footballer and British Army officer of Afro-Caribbean descent.
Wembley Stadium is a football stadium in Wembley, London, England, which opened in 2007, on the site of the original Wembley Stadium, which was demolished from 2002–2003.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
West Bowling is an amateur rugby league club in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, which competes in the National Conference League Division Three.
West Ham is an area of East London, located east of Charing Cross.
The West Indian Gazette (WIG) was a newspaper founded in Brixton, London, England, by Trinidadian activist Claudia Jones (1915–1964) in 1958.
The West Indies cricket team, colloquially known as and (since June 2017) officially branded as the Windies, is a multi-national cricket team representing the Caribbean region and administered by Cricket West Indies.
The West Midlands conurbation is the large conurbation that includes the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton and the large towns of Sutton Coldfield, Dudley, Walsall, West Bromwich, Solihull, Stourbridge and Halesowen in the English West Midlands.
White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.
The White Defence League was a British far-right political group.
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
White Teeth is a 2000 novel by the British author Zadie Smith.
William Cowper (26 November 1731 – 25 April 1800) was an English poet and hymnodist.
William Davidson (1781–1820) was a British African-Caribbean radical executed for his role in the Cato Street Conspiracy against Lord Liverpool's government in 1820.
William Stephen Ian Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw, (28 June 1918 – 1 July 1999), often known as Willie Whitelaw, was a British Conservative Party politician who served in a wide number of Cabinet positions, most notably as Home Secretary and de facto Deputy Prime Minister.
Sir Theodore Wilson Harris (24 March 1921 – 8 March 2018) was a Guyanese writer.
The Windrush scandal is a 2018 British political scandal involving the immigration status of people, many of whom had arrived in the UK before 1973, particularly those from Caribbean countries who were members of the Windrush generation, some of whom had been born British subjects and who were wrongly detained, denied their legal rights and in some cases wrongly deported from the UK.
The Women's Prize for Fiction (previously with sponsor names Orange Prize for Fiction (1996–2006 and 2009–12), Orange Broadband Prize for Fiction (2007–08) and Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction (2014-2017)) is one of the United Kingdom's most prestigious literary prizes.
Workers' Dreadnought was a newspaper published by variously named political parties led by Sylvia Pankhurst.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yvonne Brewster, OBE (born 7 October 1938), née Clarke, is a Jamaican-born stage director, teacher and writer.
Zadie Smith FRSL (born 25 October 1975) is a contemporary British novelist, essayist, and short-story writer.
The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions.
The 110 metres hurdles, or 110-meter hurdles, is a hurdling track and field event for men.
The 1500 metres or 1,500-metre run (typically pronounced 'fifteen-hundred metres') is the foremost middle distance track event in athletics.
The 1920 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Olympische Zomerspelen van de VIIe Olympiade), officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium.
The 1981 Brixton riot, or Brixton uprising, was a confrontation between the Metropolitan Police and protesters in Lambeth, South London, England, between 10 and 12 April 1981.
The Toxteth riots of July 1981 were a civil disturbance in Toxteth, inner-city Liverpool, which arose in part from long-standing tensions between the local police and the black community.
The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles (LA), California, United States.
The Brixton riot of 1985 started on 28 September in Lambeth in South London.
The second Handsworth riots took place in the Handsworth district of Birmingham, West Midlands, from 9 to 11 September 1985.
The 1987 Cricket World Cup (officially the Reliance Cup 1987) was the fourth edition of the ICC Cricket World Cup tournament.
The 1992 Summer Olympic Games (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Olímpics d'estiu de 1992), officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992.
The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
The 1999 London nail bombings were a series of bomb explosions in London, England.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries.
The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament.
The 800 metres, or 800 meters (US spelling), is a common track running event.
Afro-Caribbean British, Britain's African Caribbean community, British African Caribbean Community, British African Caribbean community, British African-Caribbean, British African-Caribbean community, British African-Caribbean culture, British Afro-Caribbean community, British Afro-Caribbeans, British Caribbean people, Caribbean british nationality, Caribbean-British, Culture of the British African-Caribbean community, Demographics of the British African-Caribbean community, Dominican British, Dominican British (Afro-Caribbeans), Dominican British (Dominica), Dominicans in the United Kingdom, Grenadian Briton, Grenadian Britons, Grenadians in Britain, Grenadians in Great Britain, Grenadians in the UK, History of the British African-Caribbean community, Kittian British, Kittian and Nevisian British, Kittitian British, Kittitian and Nevisian British, Migration to the United Kingdom from Dominica, Nevisian British, Saint Kitts and Nevisian British, Saint Lucian British, Vincentian British, West Indians in England, Windrush Generation, Windrush generation.