170 relations: Alexander Godley, American Expeditionary Forces, Archibald Murray, Army, Arthur Currie, Assembly of the Republic (Portugal), Attack at Fromelles, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, Australian Army, Australian Corps, Battle of Amiens (1918), Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Épehy, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Cambrai (1918), Battle of Delville Wood, Battle of Festubert, Battle of Flers–Courcelette, Battle of La Bassée, Battle of Le Cateau, Battle of Le Transloy, Battle of Loos, Battle of Messines (1917), Battle of Mons, Battle of Morval, Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Canal du Nord, Battle of the Frontiers, Battle of the Lys (1918), Battle of the Sambre (1918), Battle of the Somme, Battle of Vimy Ridge, Bayonet, BL 8-inch howitzer Mk VI – VIII, BL 9.2-inch howitzer, Brigade, British Army, British Army during World War I, British Empire, British Indian Army, British War Medal, Canadian Army, Canadian Corps, Canadian Expeditionary Force, Capture of Le Quesnoy (1918), Cavalry Corps (United Kingdom), Chemical warfare, Colt New Service, Corps, ..., Dictionary of National Biography, Dominion, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, Edwin Alderson, Entente Cordiale, Expeditionary warfare, Fernando Tamagnini de Abreu e Silva, Field marshal (United Kingdom), Fifth Army (United Kingdom), First Army (United Kingdom), First Australian Imperial Force, First Battle of the Aisne, First Battle of the Marne, First Battle of Ypres, First day on the Somme, Flanders, Fourth Army (United Kingdom), French Army, French Army in World War I, Gallipoli Campaign, General officer, George V, Great Retreat, Haldane Reforms, Henry Horne, 1st Baron Horne, Henry Lukin, Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, Herbert Alexander Lawrence, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Herbert Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, Hindenburg Line, Horace Smith-Dorrien, Hubert Gough, Hundred Days Offensive, I ANZAC Corps, I Corps (British India), I Corps (United Kingdom), II ANZAC Corps, II Corps (United Kingdom), III Corps (United Kingdom), Indian Army during World War I, Indian Cavalry Corps, John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, John Monash, Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, Kitchener's Army, Launcelot Kiggell, Lee–Enfield, Lewis gun, Machine Gun Corps, Magazine (firearms), Maneuver warfare, Marne (river), Marseille, Maxim gun, New Zealand and Australian Division, New Zealand Army, New Zealand Division, New Zealand Expeditionary Force, North Sea, Operation Michael, Other ranks (UK), Oxford University Press, Pas-de-Calais, Pattern 1908 and 1912 cavalry swords, Picardy, Platoon, Portuguese Army, Portuguese Expeditionary Corps, Race to the Sea, Reserve Army (United Kingdom), Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Battle of the Aisne, Second Battle of the Marne, Second Battle of the Somme (1918), Second Battle of Ypres, Second Boer War, Secretary of State for War, Silver War Badge, Sir William Robertson, 1st Baronet, Smith & Wesson Triple Lock, Somme (river), South African Army, South African Overseas Expeditionary Force, Spring Offensive, Standing army, Supreme War Council, Territorial Force, Territorial War Medal, Third Army (United Kingdom), Trench warfare, V Corps (United Kingdom), Versailles, Yvelines, Vickers machine gun, Victory Medal (United Kingdom), Walter Coxen, Webley & Scott, Western Front (World War I), Wilhelm II, German Emperor, William Birdwood, William Bridges (general), World War I, Ypres Salient, 1914 Star, 1914–15 Star, 1st Division (Australia), 1st Infantry Brigade (South Africa), 1st Siege Artillery Battery (Australia), 29th Division (United Kingdom), 2nd Division (Australia), 2nd Siege Artillery Battery (Australia), 3rd Division (Australia), 4th Brigade (Australia), 4th Division (Australia), 5th Division (Australia), 7th (Meerut) Division, 7th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 9th (Scottish) Division. Expand index (120 more) » « Shrink index
General Sir Alexander John Godley, (4 February 1867 – 6 March 1957) was a senior British Army officer.
The American Expeditionary Forces (A. E. F., A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen.
General Sir Archibald James Murray, (23 April 1860 – 21 January 1945) was a British Army officer who served in the Second Boer War and the First World War.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
General Sir Arthur William Currie, (5 December 1875 – 30 November 1933) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army who fought during World War I. He had the unique distinction of starting his military career on the very bottom rung as a pre-war militia gunner before rising through the ranks to become the first Canadian commander of the Canadian Corps.
The Assembly of the Republic (Portuguese: Assembleia da República) is the parliament of the Portuguese Republic.
The Attack at Fromelles (Battle of Fromelles, Battle of Fleurbaix or Schlacht von Fromelles) 19–20 July 1916, was a British military operation on the Western Front during the First World War, subsidiary to the Battle of the Somme.
The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.
The Australian Corps was a World War I army corps that contained all five Australian infantry divisions serving on the Western Front.
The Battle of Amiens, also known as the Third Battle of Picardy (3ème Bataille de Picardie), was the opening phase of the Allied offensive which began on 8 August 1918, later known as the Hundred Days Offensive, that ultimately led to the end of the First World War.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
The Battle of Épehy was a battle of the First World War fought on 18 September 1918, involving the British Fourth Army (under the command of General Henry Rawlinson) against German outpost positions in front of the Hindenburg Line.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of Cambrai, 1918 (also known as the Second Battle of Cambrai) was a battle between troops of the British First, Third and Fourth Armies and German Empire forces during the Hundred Days Offensive of the First World War.
The Battle of Delville Wood was a series of engagements in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in the First World War, between the armies of the German Empire and the British Empire.
The Battle of Festubert (15–25 May 1915) was an attack by the British army in the Artois region of France on the western front during World War I. The offensive formed part of a series of attacks by the French Tenth Army and the British First Army in the Second Battle of Artois.
The Battle of Flers–Courcelette was fought during the Battle of the Somme in France, by the French Sixth Army and the British Fourth Army and Reserve Army, against the German 1st Army, during the First World War.
The Battle of La Bassée was fought by German and Franco-British forces in northern France in October 1914, during reciprocal attempts by the contending armies to envelop the northern flank of their opponent, which has been called the Race to the Sea.
The Battle of Le Cateau was fought on 26 August 1914, after the British and French retreated from the Battle of Mons and had set up defensive positions in a fighting withdrawal against the German advance at Le Cateau-Cambrésis.
The Battle of Le Transloy was the last offensive of the Fourth Army of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in France, during the First World War.
The Battle of Loos was a battle that took place from 1915 in France on the Western Front, during the First World War.
The Battle of Messines was conducted by the British Second Army (General Sir Herbert Plumer), on the Western Front near the village of Messines in West Flanders, Belgium, during the First World War.
The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War.
The Battle of Morval, 25–28 September 1916, was an attack during the Battle of the Somme by the British Fourth Army on the villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs held by the German 1st Army, which had been the final objectives of the Battle of Flers–Courcelette (15–22 September).
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place in the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Canal du Nord was part of a general Allied offensive against German positions on the Western Front during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I. The battle took place in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, along an incomplete portion of the Canal du Nord and on the outskirts of Cambrai between 27 September and 1 October 1918.
The Battle of the Frontiers was a series of battles fought along the eastern frontier of France and in southern Belgium, shortly after the outbreak of the First World War.
The Battle of the Lys, also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Fourth Battle of Flanders and Operation Georgette (Batalha de La Lys and 3ème Bataille des Flandres), was part of the 1918 German offensive in Flanders during World War I, also known as the Spring Offensive.
The Second Battle of the Sambre (4 November 1918) (which included the Second Battle of Guise (2ème Bataille de Guise) and the Battle of Thiérache (Bataille de Thiérache) was part of the final European Allied offensives of World War I.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
The BL 8-inch howitzer Marks VI, VII and VIII (6, 7 and 8)Britain used Roman numerals to designate Marks (i.e. models) of ordnance until after World War II.
The Ordnance BL 9.2-inch howitzer was a heavy siege howitzer that formed the principal counter-battery equipment of British forces in France in World War I. It equipped a substantial number of siege batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery. It remained in service until about the middle of World War II.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Army during World War I fought the largest and most costly war in its long history.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
The British War Medal is a campaign medal of the United Kingdom which was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces for service in the First World War.
The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Canadian Corps was a World War I corps formed from the Canadian Expeditionary Force in September 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France.
The Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) was the designation of the field force created by Canada for service overseas in the First World War.
The Capture of Le Quesnoy was an engagement of the First World War that took place on 4 November 1918 as part of the Battle of the Sambre.
The Cavalry Corps was a cavalry corps of the British Army in the First World War.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
The Colt New Service is a double-action revolver made by Colt from 1898 until 1941.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, (23 April 1861 – 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor.
Lieutenant General Sir Edwin Alfred Hervey Alderson, KCB (8 April 1859 – 14 December 1927) was a senior British Army officer who served in several campaigns of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The Entente Cordiale was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.
Expeditionary warfare is the deployment of a state's military to fight abroad, especially away from established bases.
Fernando Tamagnini de Abreu e Silva (13 May 1856 in Tomar, Portugal – 24 November 1924 in Lisbon, Portugal) was a cavalry officer and general of the Portuguese Army.
Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.
The Fifth Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade.
The First Battle of the Aisne (1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914.
The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne, Le Miracle de la Marne) was a World War I battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German armies in the west.
The First Battle of Ypres (Première Bataille des Flandres Erste Flandernschlacht, was a battle of the First World War, fought on the Western Front around Ypres, in West Flanders, Belgium, during October and November 1914.
The first day on the Somme, 1 July 1916, was the opening day of the Battle of Albert the name given by the British to the first two weeks of the Battle of the Somme.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
The Fourth Army was a field army that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
This article is about the French Army in World War I. During World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers allied against the Central Powers.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
The Great Retreat, also known as the Retreat from Mons, is the name given to the long withdrawal to the River Marne, in August and September 1914, by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the French Fifth Army, Allied forces on the Western Front in World War I, after their defeat by the Imperial German armies at the Battle of Charleroi (21 August) and the Battle of Mons (23 August).
The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.
General Henry Sinclair Horne, 1st Baron Horne, (19 February 1861 – 14 August 1929) was a military officer in the British Army, most notable for his generalship during the First World War.
Major General Sir Henry Timson Lukin (24 May 1860 – 15 December 1925) was a South African military commander.
General Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, (20 February 1864 – 28 March 1925), known as Sir Henry Rawlinson, 2nd Baronet between 1895 and 1919, was a British First World War general best known for his roles in the Battle of the Somme of 1916 and the Battle of Amiens in 1918.
General Sir Herbert Alexander Lawrence, (8 August 1861 – 17 January 1943) was a general in the British Army, a banker and a businessman.
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916), was a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won notoriety for his imperial campaigns, most especially his scorched earth policy against the Boers and his establishment of concentration camps during the Second Boer War, and later played a central role in the early part of the First World War.
Field Marshal Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, (13 March 1857 – 16 July 1932) was a senior British Army officer of the First World War.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien, (26 May 1858 – 12 August 1930) was a senior British Army officer.
General Sir Hubert de la Poer Gough (12 August 1870 – 18 March 1963) was a senior officer in the British Army in the First World War.
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
The I ANZAC Corps (First Anzac Corps) was a combined Australian and New Zealand army corps that served during World War I. It was formed in Egypt in February 1916 as part of the reorganisation and expansion of the Australian Imperial Force and the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) following the evacuation of Gallipoli in December 1915.
The I Indian Corps was an army corps of the British Indian Army in the Great War.
I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.
The II ANZAC Corps (Second Anzac Corps) was an Australian and New Zealand First World War army corps formed in Egypt in February 1916 as part of the reorganization of the Australian Imperial Force following the evacuation of Gallipoli in November 1915, under the command of William Birdwood.
II Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.
III Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.
The Indian Army during World War I contributed a large number of divisions and independent brigades to the European, Mediterranean and the Middle East theatres of war in World War I. Over one million Indian troops served overseas, of whom 62,000 died and another 67,000 were wounded.
The Indian Cavalry Corps was a formation of the British Indian Army in World War I. It was formed in France in December 1914.
Field Marshal John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl of Ypres, (28 September 1852 – 22 May 1925), known as Sir John French from 1901 to 1916, and as The Viscount French between 1916 and 1922, was a senior British Army officer.
General Sir John Monash, (27 June 1865 – 8 October 1931) was a civil engineer and an Australian military commander of the First World War.
Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.
The New Army, often referred to as Kitchener's Army or, disparagingly, as Kitchener's Mob, was an (initially) all-volunteer army of the British Army formed in the United Kingdom from 1914 onwards following the outbreak of hostilities in the First World War in late July 1914.
Lieutenant General Sir Launcelot Edward Kiggell, (2 October 1862 – 23 February 1954) was a British Army officer who was Chief of General Staff for the British Armies in France under Sir Douglas Haig from late 1915 to 1918.
The Lee–Enfield is a bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle that served as the main firearm used by the military forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth during the first half of the 20th century.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
The Machine Gun Corps (MGC) was a corps of the British Army, formed in October 1915 in response to the need for more effective use of machine guns on the Western Front in the First World War.
A magazine is an ammunition storage and feeding device within or attached to a repeating firearm.
Maneuver warfare, or manoeuvre warfare, is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.
The Marne (la Marne) is a river in France, an eastern tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
The Maxim gun was a weapon invented by American-born British inventor Hiram Stevens Maxim in 1884: it was the first recoil-operated machine gun in production.
The New Zealand and Australian Division was a composite division raised for service in the First World War under the command of Major General Alexander Godley.
The New Zealand Army (Ngāti Tūmatauenga, "Tribe of the God of War") is the land component of the New Zealand Defence Force and comprises around 4,500 Regular Force personnel, 2,000 Territorial Force personnel and 500 civilians.
The New Zealand Division was an infantry division of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force raised for service in the First World War.
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military forces sent from New Zealand to fight alongside other British Empire and Dominion troops during World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945).
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Operation Michael was a major German military offensive during the First World War that began the Spring Offensive on 21 March 1918.
Other ranks (ORs) in the Royal Marines, British Army, Royal Air Force and in the armies and air forces of many other Commonwealth countries are those personnel who are not commissioned officers, usually including non-commissioned officers (NCOs).
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).
The 1908 Pattern Cavalry Trooper's Sword (and the 1912 Pattern, the equivalent for officers) was the last service sword issued to the cavalry of the British Army.
Picardy (Picardie) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.
A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two or more squads/sections/patrols.
The Portuguese Army (Exército Português) is the land component of the Armed Forces of Portugal and is also its largest branch.
The Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP, Portuguese: Corpo Expedicionário Português) was the main military force from Portugal that fought in the Western Front, during World War I. Portuguese neutrality ended in 1916 after the seizure of German merchant ships resulted in Germany declaring war.
The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.
The Reserve Army was a field army of the British Army and part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, (30 July 1856 – 19 August 1928) was an influential Scottish Liberal and later Labour imperialist politician, lawyer and philosopher.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Battle of the Aisne (Bataille du Chemin des Dames or Seconde bataille de l'Aisne, 16 April – mid-May 1917) was the main part of the Nivelle Offensive, a Franco-British attempt to inflict a decisive defeat on the German armies in France.
The Second Battle of the Marne (Seconde Bataille de la Marne), or Battle of Reims (15 July – 6 August 1918) was the last major German offensive on the Western Front during the First World War.
The Second Battle of the Somme of 1918 was fought during the First World War on the Western Front from late August to early September, in the basin of the River Somme.
During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794).
The Silver War Badge was issued in the United Kingdom and the British Empire to service personnel who had been honourably discharged due to wounds or sickness from military service in World War I. The badge, sometimes known as the "Discharge Badge", the "Wound Badge" or "Services Rendered Badge", was first issued in September 1916, along with an official certificate of entitlement.
Field Marshal Sir William Robert Robertson, 1st Baronet, (29 January 1860 – 12 February 1933) was a British Army officer who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) – the professional head of the British Army – from 1916 to 1918 during the First World War.
The Triple lock, officially the Smith & Wesson.44 Hand Ejector 1st Model 'New Century', is a double-action revolver.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
The South African Army is the army of South Africa, first formed after the Union of South Africa was created in 1910.
The South African Overseas Expeditionary Force (SAOEF) was a volunteer military organisation in World War I.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
A standing army, unlike a reserve army, is a permanent, often professional, army.
The Supreme War Council was a central command that coordinate Allied military strategy during World War I. It was founded in 1917, and was based in Versailles.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
The Territorial Force War Medal was a campaign medal awarded to members of the British Territorial Force and Territorial Force Nursing Service who served overseas in World War I. It is the rarest of the five British Great War medals.
The Third Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that saw active service on the Western Front throughout the war.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
V Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.
Versailles is a city in the Yvelines département in Île-de-France region, renowned worldwide for the Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.
The Victory Medal (also called the Inter-Allied Victory Medal) is a United Kingdom and British Empire First World War campaign medal.
Major General Walter Adams Coxen (22 June 1870 – 15 December 1949) was a senior Australian Army officer in the First World War.
Webley & Scott is an arms manufacturer founded in Birmingham, England.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood, (13 September 1865 – 17 May 1951) was a British Army officer.
Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges, (18 February 1861 – 18 May 1915) was a senior Australian Army officer who was instrumental in establishing the Royal Military College, Duntroon and who served as the first Australian Chief of the General Staff.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I.
The 1914 Star, colloquially known as the Mons Star, is a British World War I campaign medal for service in France or Belgium between 5 August and 22 November 1914.
The 1914–15 Star is a campaign medal of the British Empire which was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served in any theatre of the First World War against the Central European Powers during 1914 and 1915.
The 1st Division is the main formation of the Australian Army and contains the majority of the Army's regular forces.
The South African 1st Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the army of the Union of South Africa during World Wars I and II.
1st Siege Artillery Battery was formed in Victoria during April 1915.
The 29th Division, known as the Incomparable Division, was an infantry division of the British Army, formed in early 1915 by combining various Regular Army units that had been acting as garrisons around the British Empire.
The 2nd Division commands all the reserve brigades in Australia.
2nd Siege Artillery Battery was formed in Victoria during April 1915.
The 3rd Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army.
The 4th Brigade is a brigade-level formation of the Australian Army.
The Australian 4th Division was formed in the First World War during the expansion of the Australian Imperial Force infantry brigades in February 1916.
The 5th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army which served during the First and Second World Wars.
The 7th (Meerut) Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army that saw active service during World War I.
The 7th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, first established by The Duke of Wellington as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army for service in the Peninsular War, and was active also during the First World War from 1914–1919, and in the Second World War from 1938–1939 in Palestine and Egypt.
The 9th (Scottish) Division, was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I, one of the Kitchener's Army divisions raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener to serve on the Western Front during the First World War.
British Expeditionary Army in World War I, British Expeditionary Force (1914), British Expeditionary Force (First World War), British Expeditionary Force in World War I, Old Contemptibles, The Old Contemptibles.