189 relations: Abbeville, Acting (rank), Admiral (Royal Navy), Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, Albert, Somme, Allies of World War II, Alphonse Joseph Georges, Andelle, André Corap, Archibald Bentley Beauman, Arkforce, Arleux, Armentières, Armistice of 22 June 1940, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arras, Évreux, Battle of Abbeville, Battle of Arras (1940), Battle of Boulogne (1940), Battle of France, Battle of Gembloux (1940), Battle of Hannut, Battle of Sedan (1940), Bayonet, Béthune (river), Beauman Division, Belgium, Belgium–France border, Bernard Montgomery, Bertram Ramsay, Blockship, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Breda, Brigade group, British Army, British Expeditionary Force order of battle (1940), British Isles, Brittany, Calais, Campaign medal, Canal du Nord, Cherbourg-Octeville, Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces, Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth, Committee of Imperial Defence, Company (military unit), Conches-en-Ouche, Corporal, Cruiser tank, ..., Defence in depth, Dender, Dendermonde, Dieppe, Division (military), Doullens, Duff Cooper, Dunkirk evacuation, Durham Light Infantry, Dutch barge, Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, English Channel, Entrepôt, Fall Rot, Flotilla leader, French war planning 1920–1940, Fritz Knoechlein, General (United Kingdom), Georg von Küchler, Georges Maurice Jean Blanchard, German Army (Wehrmacht), Grenadier Guards, Hauptsturmführer, Headquarters, Henri Giraud, History of the Second World War, I Corps (United Kingdom), I.B. Tauris, II Corps (United Kingdom), Infantry, IV Army Corps (Wehrmacht), John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, Junkers Ju 87, King's Shropshire Light Infantry, La Bassée, Lancashire Fusiliers, Le Havre, Lestrem, Leuven, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Light Tank Mk VI, Light tanks of the United Kingdom, Lille, Lionel Ellis, Loire, Low Countries, Luftwaffe, Maginot Line, Manstein Plan, Maubeuge, Maulde, Meeting engagement, Menen, Merville-Franceville-Plage, Ministry of Supply, Monarchy of Belgium, Munich Agreement, Nantes, Netherlands, Norman Force, North Staffordshire Regiment, Obersturmbannführer, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Aerial, Operation Cycle, Operation Sea Lion, Oudenaarde, Patrol, Phoney War, Pont-Saint-Pierre, RAF Advanced Air Striking Force, RAF Bomber Command, Reconnaissance, Regular army, Richard Annand, Richard Howard-Vyse, Roubaix, Royal Air Force, Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Fusiliers, Royal Navy, Royal Norfolk Regiment, Royal Scots, Ruhr, Saint-Aubin-Épinay, Saint-Nazaire, Saulty, Scarpe (river), Scheldt, Secretary of State for War, Seventh Army (France), Siege of Calais (1940), Small arms, Stenay, Ten Year Rule, Tenth Army (France), Third Army (France), Thomas Priday (British Army soldier), Tilburg, Trier, Universal Carrier, Veules-les-Roses, Victoria Cross, War Office, Wavre, Wehrmacht, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, Welsh Guards, West Yorkshire Regiment, Western Europe, Western Front (World War II), Willebroek, World War II, Ypres, 1,000,000, 10th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East, 12th (Eastern) Division, 12th Royal Lancers, 157th (Highland Light Infantry) Brigade, 1939–1945 Star, 1st (United Kingdom) Division, 1st Army (France), 1st Army Tank Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Canadian Division, 1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 1st Light Mechanized Division (France), 23rd (Northumbrian) Division, 25th Motorized Division (France), 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 3rd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 3rd SS Panzer Division Totenkopf, 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 51st (Highland) Division, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom). Expand index (139 more) » « Shrink index
Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
An acting rank is a military designation allowing a commissioned or non-commissioned officer to assume a rank—usually higher and usually temporary—with the pay and allowances appropriate to that grade.
Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-9, outranked only by the rank admiral of the fleet.
Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, & Bar (23 July 1883 – 17 June 1963), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Albert is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alphonse Joseph Georges (August 15, 1875 in Allier - Montluçon – April 24, 1951 in Paris) was a French army officer.
The Andelle is a river of Normandy, France, in length,http://sandre.eaufrance.fr/app/chainage/courdo/htm/H32-0400.php?cg.
André Georges Corap (15 January 1878 – 15 August 1953) was a General in the French Army who fought in World War II.
Brigadier Archibald Bentley Beauman CBE DSO and Bar (30 November 1888 – 22 March 1977) was a British Army officer, who at the start of the Second World War, raised and commanded an improvised force of second-line troops called the Beauman Division, in an attempt to stem the German Blitzkrieg during the Battle of France.
Arkforce was an ad hoc formation of the British Expeditionary Force improvised during the Battle of France in 1940.
Arleux is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Armentières (Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
The Armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed at 18:36.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
Évreux is a commune in and the capital of the department of Eure, in the French region of Normandy.
The Battle of Abbeville took place from 27 May to 4 June 1940, near Abbeville during the Battle of France in the Second World War.
The Battle of Arras, part of the Battle of France, took place during the Second World War on 21 May 1940.
The Battle of Boulogne was the defence of the port of Boulogne-sur-Mer by French, British and Belgian troops, during the Battle of France of the Second World War in 1940.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Gembloux (or Battle of the Gembloux Gap) was fought between French and German forces in May 1940.
The Battle of Hannut was a Second World War battle fought during the Battle of Belgium which took place between 12 and 14 May 1940 at Hannut in Belgium.
The Battle of Sedan or Second Battle of Sedan (12–15 May 1940)Frieser 2005, p. 196.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
The Béthune is a river of Normandy, France, in length, flowing through the department of Seine-Maritime and it is a tributary of the Arques River.
The Beauman Division was an improvised formation of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) during the Second World War, which fought against the German 4th Army in June 1940, during Fall Rot (Case Red), the final German offensive of the Battle of France.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The Belgium–France border separates France and Belgium countries and is 620 km long.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Admiral Sir Bertram Home Ramsay, KCB, KBE, MVO (20 January 1883 – 2 January 1945) was a Royal Navy officer.
A blockship is a ship deliberately sunk to prevent a river, channel, or canal from being used.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant.
A brigade group is a term used primarily in armies of the Commonwealth of Nations for an ad hoc arrangement of forces and not a permanent organisation whereas, with a capital G, a Brigade Group is.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
This is the British Expeditionary Force order of battle on 9 May 1940, the day before the German forces initiated the Battle of France.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
A campaign medal is a military decoration which is awarded to a member of the military who serves in a designated military operation or performs duty in a geographical theater.
The Canal du Nord is a long canal in northern France.
Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.
Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces was a senior officer in the British Army during the First and Second World Wars.
The Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth was a senior commander of the Royal Navy for hundreds of years.
The Committee of Imperial Defence was an important ad hoc part of the government of the United Kingdom and the British Empire from just after the Second Boer War until the start of the Second World War.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
Conches-en-Ouches is a commune in the Eure département in northern France.
Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations.
The cruiser tank (also called cavalry tank or fast tank) was a British tank concept of the interwar period for tanks designed to function as modernised armoured and mechanised cavalry.
Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.
The Dendre (French) or Dender (Dutch) is a long river in Belgium, right tributary of the river Scheldt.
Dendermonde (French: Termonde) is a Belgian city and municipality located in the Flemish province of East Flanders in the Denderstreek.
Dieppe is a coastal community in the Arrondissement of Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northern France.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Doullens is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich, (22 February 1890 – 1 January 1954), known as Duff Cooper, was a British Conservative Party politician, diplomat and author.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
The Durham Light Infantry (DLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1968.
A Dutch barge or schuyt is a flat-bottomed boat, originally used for cargo carrying in the Netherlands, many of which have now been converted for pleasure or residential use.
Field Marshal William Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, (6 May 1880 – 22 September 1959) was a senior officer of the British Army, who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff during the first year of the Second World War.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
An entrepôt or transshipment port is a port, city, or trading post where merchandise may be imported, stored or traded, usually to be exported again.
During World War II, Fall Rot (Case Red) was the plan for the second phase of the conquest of France by the German Army and began on 5 June 1940.
A flotilla leader was a warship suitable for commanding a flotilla of destroyers or other small warships, typically a small cruiser or a large destroyer (known as a destroyer leader).
The Dyle Plan or Plan D was the plan of the Commander-in-Chief of the French Army, Général d'armée Maurice Gamelin to defeat a German attempt to invade France through Belgium.
Fritz Knöchlein (27 May 1911, Munich – 21 January 1949) was a SS commander during the Nazi era who was convicted and executed in 1949 for committing war crimes during World War II, specifically, his responsibility for the Le Paradis massacre.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
Georg Karl Friedrich Wilhelm von Küchler (30 May 1881 – 25 May 1968) was a German Field Marshal and war criminal during World War II.
Georges Blanchard (1877–1954) was a French military officer.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
Hauptsturmführer ("head storm leader") was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank that was used in several Nazi organizations such as the SS, NSKK and the NSFK.
Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
Henri Honoré Giraud (18 January 1879 – 11 March 1949) was a French general who was captured in both World Wars, but escaped both times.
The History of the Second World War is the official history of the British contribution to the Second World War and was published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO).
I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.
I.B. Tauris (usually typeset as I.B.Tauris) was an independent publishing house with offices in London and New York City.
II Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
IV Corps (IV. Armeekorps) was a corps level command of the German Army (Wehrmacht) before and during World War II.
Field Marshal John Standish Surtees Prendergast Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, (10 July 1886 – 31 March 1946) was a senior British Army officer.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in the Childers Reforms of 1881, but with antecedents dating back to 1755.
La Bassée is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many centuries and wars, including the Second Boer War both World War I and World War II, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
Lestrem is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Leuven or Louvain (Louvain,; Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The Tank, Light, Mk VI was a British light tank, produced by Vickers-Armstrongs in the late 1930s, which saw service during the Second World War.
The Light Tank Mark I to Mark V were a series of related designs of light tank produced by Vickers for the British Army during the interwar period.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Lionel Frederic Ellis CVO CBE DSO MC (13 May 1885 – 19 October 1970) was a British Army officer and military historian, author of three volumes of the official History of the Second World War.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The Maginot Line (Ligne Maginot), named after the French Minister of War André Maginot, was a line of concrete fortifications, obstacles, and weapon installations built by France in the 1930s to deter invasion by Germany and force them to move around the fortifications.
The Manstein Plan is one of the names used to describe the war plan of the German Army during the Battle of France in 1940.
Maubeuge (historical Mabuse or Malbode) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Maulde is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
In warfare, a meeting engagement, or encounter battle, is a combat action that occurs when a moving force, incompletely deployed for battle, engages an enemy at an unexpected time and place.
Menen (Menin, West Flemish dialect: Mêenn or Mêende) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
Merville-Franceville-Plage is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Ministry of Supply (MoS) was a department of the UK Government formed in 1939 to co-ordinate the supply of equipment to all three British armed forces, headed by the Minister of Supply.
The monarchy of Belgium is a constitutional, hereditary, and popular monarchy whose incumbent is titled the King or Queen of the Belgians (Koning(in) der Belgen, Roi / Reine des Belges, König(in) der Belgier) and serves as the country's head of state.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.
Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
In the Battle of France in June 1940, Norman Force was a formation of units of the British Expeditionary Force, following the Dunkirk evacuation (Operation Dynamo).
The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was in existence between 1881 and 1959.
Obersturmbannführer ("senior assault unit leader") was a paramilitary German Nazi Party (NSDAP) rank used by both the SA and the SS.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Operation Aerial (also Operation Ariel) was the name given to the World War II evacuation of Allied forces and civilians from ports in western France from 1940, following the military collapse in the Battle of France against Nazi Germany.
Operation Cycle is the name of the evacuation of Allied troops from Le Havre, in the Pays de Caux of Upper Normandy from 1940, towards the end of the Battle of France, during the Second World War.
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
Oudenaarde (French Audenarde, English sometimes Oudenarde) is a Belgian municipality in the Flemish province of East Flanders.
A patrol is commonly a group of personnel, such as law enforcement officers or military personnel, that are assigned to monitor a specific geographic area.
The Phoney War (Drôle de guerre; Sitzkrieg) was an eight-month period at the start of World War II, during which there was only one limited military land operation on the Western Front, when French troops invaded Germany's Saar district.
Pont-Saint-Pierre is a commune in the Eure department in Normandy in northern France.
Before the Second World War it had been agreed between the United Kingdom and France that in case of war, the light bomber force of the Royal Air Force would move to airfields within France from which it could operate against targets in Nazi Germany.
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces), contrasting with irregular forces, such as volunteer irregular militias, private armies, mercenaries, etc.
Captain Richard Wallace Annand VC, ERD, DL (5 November 1914 – 24 December 2004) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Major General Sir Richard Granville Hylton Howard-Vyse (27 June 1883 – 5 December 1962) was a cavalry officer in the British Army.
Roubaix is a city in Northern France, located in the Lille metropolitan area.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Norfolk Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army until 1959.
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), once known as the Royal Regiment of Foot, was the oldest and most senior infantry regiment of the line of the British Army, having been raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I of Scotland.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Saint-Aubin-Épinay is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France.
Saint-Nazaire (Gallo: Saint-Nazère/Saint-Nazaer) is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France, in traditional Brittany.
Saulty is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Scarpe is a river in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794).
The Seventh Army (VIIe Armée) was a field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
The Siege of Calais (1940) was a battle for the port of Calais during the Battle of France in 1940.
Small arms include handguns (revolvers and pistols) and long guns, such as rifles, carbines, shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, personal defense weapons, and light machine guns.
Stenay is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Ten Year Rule was a British government guideline, first adopted in August 1919, that the armed forces should draft their estimates "on the assumption that the British Empire would not be engaged in any great war during the next ten years".
The Tenth Army (Xe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
The Third Army (IIIe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army, which fought during World War I and World War II.
Thomas William Priday was the first British soldier to be killed in action during the Second World War.
Tilburg is a city in the Netherlands, in the southern province of North Brabant.
Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.
The Universal Carrier, also known as the Bren Gun Carrier from the light machine gun armament, is a common name describing a family of light armoured tracked vehicles built by Vickers-Armstrongs and other companies.
Veules-les-Roses is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
Wavre (Waver) is a city and municipality in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant, of which it is the capital.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd (established 1948), often shortened to W&N or Weidenfeld, is a British publisher of fiction and reference books.
The Welsh Guards (WG; Gwarchodlu Cymreig), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
The West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own) (14th Foot) was an infantry regiment of the British Army.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
Willebroek (old spelling: Willebroeck) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
1,000,000 (one million), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.
The 10th Infantry Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East is a regular British Army brigade formation that is part of the Army’s 'Adaptable Force' meaning it has operational units under command, as well as regional responsibilities across the South East of England.
The 12th (Eastern) Division was an infantry division raised by the British Army during World War I from men volunteering for Kitchener's New Armies.
The 12th (Prince of Wales's) Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army first formed in 1715.
The 157th (Highland Light Infantry) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 1939–1945 Star is a military campaign medal, instituted by the United Kingdom on 8 July 1943 for award to subjects of the British Commonwealth for service in the Second World War.
The 1st (United Kingdom) Division, formerly known as the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army, currently the only British division to be stationed in Germany.
The First Army (1re Armée) was a field army of France that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 1st Army Tank Brigade was a formation of the British Army during World War 2.
The 1st Canadian Division is an operational command and control formation of the Canadian Joint Operations Command, based at CFB Kingston.
The 1st Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army with a very long history.
The 1st Light Mechanized Division was a French Army formation during World War II.
The 23rd (Northumbrian) Division was a Territorial Army formation raised in 1939 as the 2nd line duplicate of the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division.
The French 25th Motorized Division was a French Army division active during World War II.
The 2nd Infantry Division was a Regular Army infantry division of the British Army, with a long history.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 3rd Infantry Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army, part of the 1st Infantry Division.
The 3rd SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf" (3. SS-Panzerdivision "Totenkopf".) was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.
The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War.
The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in the Second World War.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 5th Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army.