122 relations: Abdul Hamid Halim of Kedah, Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan, Alor Setar, Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Andrew Clarke (British Army officer), Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Battle of Penang, Bintan Island, British Bencoolen, British Borneo, British Empire, British Military Administration (Malaya), Cecil Clementi, Chennai, Chief Ministers in Malaysia, Chinese Protectorate, Christmas Island, Chulalongkorn, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colonial Office, Colony of Singapore, Crown colony, Crown Colony of North Borneo, Crown Colony of Sarawak, Crown prince, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Dutch Malacca, East India Company, Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, Federated Malay States, Federation of Malaya, Flag of Great Britain, Francis Light, Frank Swettenham, Free economic zone, George Maxwell (administrator), George Town, Penang, Ghee Hin Kongsi, Government of the United Kingdom, Hai San Secret Society, Harry Ord, Hiroshima, Hulu Selangor District, Hussein Shah of Johor, India, Industrial Revolution, James W. W. Birch, Japanese invasion of Malaya, ..., John Anderson (colonial administrator), Johor Sultanate, Jugra, Kapitan Cina, Kedah, Kelantan, Khoo Kay Kim, Kingdom of Great Britain, Klang (city), Klang War, Kolkata, Kuala Langat District, Kuala Lumpur, Labuan, Laurence Guillemard, List of governors of the Straits Settlements, List of High Commissioners of the United Kingdom to Malaya, Lukut, Malay Archipelago, Malay Peninsula, Malayan Union, Malaysia, Malaysia–Thailand border, Manjung District, Milton Osborne, Monarchies of Malaysia, Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Adilin II of Kedah, Muhammad Shah of Selangor, Myanmar, Nagasaki, Napoleonic Wars, Narathiwat Province, Negeri Sembilan, Ngah Ibrahim, Opium, Pangkor Treaty of 1874, Pattani Kingdom, Pattani Province, Penang, Peninsular Malaysia, Perak, Perak Sultanate, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Princely state, Rembau District, Resident (title), Riau-Lingga Sultanate, Russian cruiser Zhemchug, Satun Province, Seberang Perai, Selangor, Seremban, Siamese invasion of Kedah, Singapore, SMS Emden, Stamford Raffles, Straits Settlements, Taiping, Perak, Temenggung, Terengganu, Thailand, The Crown, Tin, Unfederated Malay States, Westminster system, William A. Pickering, William Farquhar, World War I, World War II, Yala Province, Yamtuan Besar, Yap Ah Loy. Expand index (72 more) » « Shrink index
Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah, (4 June 1864 – 13 May 1943) was the 26th Sultan of Kedah.
Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad, GCMG (24 August 1895 – 1 April 1960) was the first Supreme Head of State or Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaya of the Federation of Malaya, eighth Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Seri Menanti and second Yang di-Pertuan Besar of modern Negri Sembilan.
Alor Setar (Jawi: الور ستار), formerly known as Alor Star from 2004–2008, is a city and the state capital of Kedah, Malaysia.
Ampang is a historic town and district of Kuala Lumpur (KL) in the Titiwangsa constituency, partly located in the state of Selangor, Malaysia and was historically a tin mining town.
Lieutenant General Sir Andrew Clarke, (27 July 1824 – 29 March 1902) was a British soldier and governor, as well as a surveyor and politician in Australia.
The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, also known as the Treaty of London, was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in London on 17 March 1824.
The Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 or Bangkok Treaty of 1909 was a treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Siam signed on 10 March 1909, in Bangkok.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
The Battle of Penang occurred on 28 October 1914, during World War I. It was a naval action in the Strait of Malacca, in which the German cruiser sank two Allied warships.
Bintan Island or Negeri Segantang Lada is an island in the Riau archipelago of Indonesia.
British Bencoolen was a British possession in Sumatra based in the area of what is now Bengkulu City.
British Borneo comprised the four northern parts of the island of Borneo, which are now Brunei, Labuan, Sabah, and Sarawak.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Military Administration (BMA) was the interim administrator of British Malaya from August 1945, the end of World War II, to the establishment of the Malayan Union in April 1946.
Sir Cecil Clementi (Chinese: 金文泰; Cantonese: Kam Man Tai) (1 September 1875 – 5 April 1947) was a British colonial administrator who served as Governor of Hong Kong from 1925–30, and Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Straits Settlements from 1930–34.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
In Malaysia, the Menteri Besar (Jawi:منتري بسر; literally "First Minister") is the head of government of each of nine states in Malaysia with hereditary rulers.
The Chinese Protectorate was an administrative body responsible for the well-being of ethnic Chinese residents of the Straits Settlements during that territory's British colonial period.
The Territory of Christmas Island is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island is located in the Indian Ocean, around south of Java and Sumatra and around north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of. Christmas Island had a population of 1,843 residents as of 2016, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove. Around two-thirds of the island's population is estimated to have Malaysian Chinese origin (though just 21.2% of the population declared a Chinese ancestry in 2016), with significant numbers of Malays and white Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians. Several languages are in use, including English, Malay, and various Chinese dialects. Islam and Buddhism are major religions on the island, though a vast majority of the population does not declare a formal religious affiliation and may be involved in ethnic Chinese religion. The first European to sight the island was Richard Rowe of the Thomas in 1615. The island was later named on Christmas Day (25 December) 1643 by Captain William Mynors, but only settled in the late 19th century. Its geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. The majority (63 percent) of the island is included in the Christmas Island National Park, which features several areas of primary monsoonal forest. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island since 1899.
Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poraminthra Maha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาจุฬาลงกรณ์ พระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or Rama V (20 September 1853 – 23 October 1910), was the fifth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri.
The Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands is an Australian external territory in the Indian Ocean, comprising a small archipelago approximately midway between Australia and Sri Lanka.
The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.
The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony that existed from 1946 until 1963, when Singapore became part of Malaysia.
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
The Crown Colony of North Borneo was a British Crown colony on the island of Borneo established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of the British Military Administration.
The Crown Colony of Sarawak was a British Crown colony on the island of Borneo established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of the British Military Administration.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Institute of Language and Literature, Jawi: ديوان بهاس دان ڤوستاک), abbreviated DBP, is the government body responsible for coordinating the use of the Malay language and Malay-language literature in Malaysia.
Dutch Malacca (1641–1825) was the longest period that Malacca was under foreign control.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–11) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
The Federated Malay States (FMS) was a federation of four protected states in the Malay Peninsula—Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang—established by the British government in 1895, which lasted until 1946, when they, together with two of the former Straits Settlements (Malacca and Penang) and the Unfederated Malay States, formed the Malayan Union.
The Federation of Malaya (Persekutuan Tanah Melayu; Jawi: ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو) was a federation of 11 states (nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca)See: Cabinet Memorandum by the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
The flag of Great Britain, commonly known as the Union Jack or Union Flag, is a maritime flag of Great Britain that was used from 1606 to 1801.
Captain Francis Light (15 December 174021October1794)The date on his tombstone in the Northam Road cemetery says he died on 21 October 1794, but an official despatch sent by Philip Mannington, Light's successor, shows Francis Light as having died on "25 October 1794".
Sir Frank Athelstane Swettenham (28 March 1850 – 11 June 1946) was a British colonial administrator who became the first Resident general of the Federated Malay States, which brought the Malay states of Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang together under the administration of a Resident-General based in Kuala Lumpur.
Free economic zones (FEZ), free economic territories (FETs) or free zones (FZ) are a class of special economic zone (SEZ) designated by the trade and commerce administrations of various countries.
Sir William George Maxwell (9 June 1871 – 22 August 1959) was a British colonial administrator in British Malaya and the Straits Settlements.
George Town, the capital city of the Malaysian state of Penang, is located at the northeastern tip of Penang Island.
The Ghee Hin Kongsi is a secret society in Singapore and Malaya, formed in 1820.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Hai San Society, which had its origins in Southern China,Encyclopædia Britannica was a Penang-based Chinese secret society established around 1820 and in 1825 led by Low, Ah Chong and Hoh Akow (also spelt Ho Ah Kow or Hok Ah Keow), its titular head.
Major General Sir Harry St.
is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu - the largest island of Japan.
The Hulu Selangor District is a district in Selangor, Malaysia.
Sultan Hussein Mua'zzam Shah ibni Mahmud Shah Alam (1776 – 5 September 1835) was the 18th ruler of Johor-Riau.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
James Wheeler Woodford Birch, commonly known as J. W. W. Birch (3 April 1826 – 2 November 1875) was a British colonial official who was assassinated in the Malay state of Perak in 1875, an event that led to the outbreak of the Perak War and ultimately to the extension of British political influence over the Malay Peninsula.
The Japanese Invasion of Malaya began just after midnight on 8 December 1941 (local time) before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Sir John Anderson (23 June 1858 – 24 March 1918) was a Scottish colonial administrator, who was once the Governor of Ceylon and Governor of Straits Settlements.
The Sultanate of Johor (or sometimes Johor-Riau or Johor-Riau-Lingga or Johor Empire) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shah's son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II in 1528.
Jugra (蚶山) is a mukim, historical town and former royal town in Kuala Langat District, Selangor, Malaysia.
Kapitan Cina, also spelt Kapitan China or Capitan China (English: Captain of the Chinese; Chinese:; Dutch: Kapitein der Chinezen) was a high-ranking government position in the civil administration of colonial Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Borneo.
Kedah (Jawi: قدح), also known by its honorific Darul Aman or "Abode of Peace", is a state of Malaysia, located in the northwestern part of Peninsular Malaysia.
Kelantan (Jawi: کلنتن;, Kelantanese: Kelate) is a state of Malaysia.
Tan Sri Khoo Kay Kim (born 1937) is a Malaysian historian of Chinese Malaysian descent.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
Klang or Kelang, officially Royal Town of Klang (Bandar Diraja Klang), is a royal town and former capital of the state of Selangor, Malaysia.
The Klang War or Selangor Civil War was a series of conflicts that lasted from 1867 to 1874 in the Malay state of Selangor.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Kuala Langat District is a district of Selangor, Malaysia.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Labuan (Jawi: لابوان), officially the Federal Territory of Labuan (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan, Jawi: ولايه ڤرسكوتوان لابوان), is a federal territory of Malaysia.
Sir Laurence Nunns Guillemard (7 June 1862 – 13 December 1951) was a British civil servant who served as high commissioner in Malaya when it was under the British Empire.
The Governor of the Straits Settlements was appointed by the British East India Company until 1867, when the Straits Settlements became a crown colony.
In 1896, the post of High Commissioner for the Federated Malay States was created; the High Commissioner represented the British Government in the Federated Malay States, a federation of four British protected states in Malaya.
Lukut is a small town in Port Dickson District, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
The Malay Archipelago (Malaysian & Indonesian: Kepulauan Melayu/Nusantara, Tagalog: Kapuluang Malay, Visayan: Kapupud-ang Malay) is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia.
The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Malayan Union was a union of the Malay states and the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Malaysia–Thailand border consists of both a land boundary across the Malay Peninsula and maritime boundaries in the Straits of Malacca and the Gulf of Thailand/South China Sea.
The Manjung District is a district in the southwestern part of the state of Perak, Malaysia.
Milton Osborne is an Australian historian, author, and consultant specializing in Southeast Asia.
The monarchies of Malaysia refer to the constitutional monarchy system as practised in Malaysia.
Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Adilin Mu'adzam Shah II (died 1778; also spelt Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zain al-‘Adilan Mu’azzam Shah) was the 19th Sultan of Kedah.
Sultan Muhammad Shah, (Almarhum Sultan Muhammad Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Shah; ? - 6 January 1857) was the third Sultan of Selangor.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
Narathiwat (นราธิวาส) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.
Negeri Sembilan is a state in Malaysia which lies on the western coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
Ngah Ibrahim was a Malay headman who succeeded his father Long Jaafar as headman and administrator of the district of Larut upon the death of his father in 1885.
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
The Pangkor Treaty of 1874 was a treaty signed between the British and the Sultan of Perak.
Pattani (Patani) or the Sultanate of Patani was a Malay sultanate in the historical Patani Region.
Pattani (ปัตตานี) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.
Peninsular Malaysia also known as Malaya or West Malaysia, is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula and surrounding islands.
The Sultan of Perak is one of the oldest hereditary seats among the Malay states.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
A princely state, also called native state (legally, under the British) or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj.
The Rembau District is a district that is located in the state of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
A Resident, or in full Resident Minister, is a government official required to take up permanent residence in another country.
Riau-Lingga Sultanate (Malay/Indonesian: Kesultanan Riau-Lingga, Jawi: كسلطانن رياو-ليڠڬ), also known as the Lingga-Riau Sultanate, Riau Sultanate or Lingga Sultanate was a Malay sultanate that existed from 1824 to 1911, before being dissolved following Dutch intervention.
Zhemchug (Жемчуг, "Pearl") was the second of the two-vessel of protected cruisers built for the Imperial Russian Navy.
Satun (สตูล,; Setul) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.
Seberang Perai, also known as Province Wellesley, is a narrow hinterland on the Malay Peninsula opposite Penang Island, which, together with the island, forms the Malaysian state of Penang.
Selangor, also known by its Arabic honorific Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity", is one of the 13 states of Malaysia.
Seremban (Jawi: سرمبن; j; Tamil: சரம்பன்; Minangkabau: Soghomban or Somban) is a town and the capital of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, located within Seremban District.
The Siamese invasion of Kedah was a military operation mounted by the Kingdom of Siam against the Sultanate of Kedah in November 1821, in the area of what is now northern Peninsula Malaysia.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
SMS Emden ("His Majesty's Ship Emden") was the second and final member of the of light cruisers built for the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).
Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811–1815) and Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817–1822), best known for his founding of Modern Singapore.
The Straits Settlements (Negeri-negeri Selat, نݢري٢ سلت) were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia.
Taiping (Chinese pronunciation: /tʰaɪ̯⁵¹piŋ/; Malay pronunciation: /taipeŋ/)(Chinese: 太平, Hokkien: Thài-pêng; Jawi: تاءيڤيڠ, Ta'iping) is a town located in Larut, Matang and Selama District, Perak, Malaysia.
Temenggung (Jawi: تمڠݢوڠ; also Temenggong) is an old Malay title of nobility, usually given to the chief of public security.
Terengganu (Jawi:ترڠڬانو, Terengganu Malay: Tranung, Ganu, Teganu, Ganung, Teganung), formerly spelled Trengganu or Tringganu, is a sultanate and constitutive state of federal Malaysia.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
The term Unfederated Malay States was the collective name given to five British protected states in the Malay peninsula in the first half of the twentieth century.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
William Alexander Pickering (1840–1907) was the first Protector appointed (in 1877) by the British government to administer the Chinese Protectorate in colonial Singapore.
Major-General William Farquhar (26 February 1774 – 11 May 1839) was an employee of the East India Company, and the first British Resident and Commandant of colonial Singapore.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yala (ยะลา) is the southernmost province (changwat) of Thailand.
Yamtuan, also known as Yang di-Pertuan Besar, is the royal title of the ruler of the Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan.
Kapitan China Yap Ah Loy (Hakka: Ya̍p Â-lòi Kap; 14 March 1837 – 15 April 1885), also known as Yap Tet Loy and Yap Mao Lan, is the founder of Kuala Lumpur.