168 relations: Airship, Alfred Vail, AM broadcasting, Amateur radio, American Forces Network, Analog recording, Analog signal, Analog television, Analog transmission, Announcer, Antenna (radio), Audience, Bandplan, Bandwidth (computing), Broadcast engineering, Broadcast license, Broadcast network, Broadcast programming, Broadcast quality, Broadcast syndication, Broadcast television systems, Broadcasting in the United States, Broadcasting of sports events, Business model, Cable converter box, Cable radio, Cable television, Citizens band radio, Clément Ader, Coaxial cable, Code (cryptography), College, Commercial broadcasting, Communication, Communication theory, Communications satellite, Community radio, Compact disc, Concert, Cooperative, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Data transmission, Dead air, Dialogue, Digital broadcasting, Digital subchannel, Digital television, Digital television transition, Disc jockey, Dissemination, ..., Distribution (marketing), DVD, Effects of time zones on North American broadcasting, Electric current, Electrical telegraph, Electromagnet, Electromagnetic spectrum, Electronic media, Electronic news-gathering, Europe, European Broadcasting Union, Exabyte, Federal Communications Commission, Federal Radio Commission, FM broadcast band, Glossary of broadcasting terms, Greenwood Publishing Group, HD Radio, Hindenburg disaster, Home, Internet, Internet radio, John Durham Peters, Joseph Henry, Lakehurst, New Jersey, List of cable television companies, List of satellites in geosynchronous orbit, Live radio, Live television, Local programming, Magnetic tape, Mass media, Media (communication), Medium wave, Microphone, Microwave, Morse code, Multicast, Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service, Narrowcasting, News broadcasting, News program, Non-broadcast multiple-access network, Nonprofit organization, North American television frequencies, NPR, Opera, Outside broadcasting, Parabolic antenna, Pay television, Pay-per-view, PBS, Physicist, Propaganda, Public broadcasting, Radio, Radio advertisement, Radio broadcasting, Radio masts and towers, Radio network, Radio program, Radio programming, Radio receiver, Radio station, Radio wave, Reality television, Recording studio, Retransmission consent, Samuel Morse, Satellite radio, Satellite television, Science (journal), Screenplay, Simulcast, Slang, Slow motion, Society of Broadcast Engineers, Sound, Spoiler (media), Streaming media, Streaming television, Student television in the United Kingdom, Studio/transmitter link, Subscription business model, Telecommunication, Telegraphy, Telephone, Telephone newspaper, Television, Television advertisement, Television antenna, Television broadcasting in Australia, Television set, Television show, Television station, Television transmitter, Terrestrial television, Théâtrophone, The Cosby Show, Theatre, Ticker tape, Time zone, Transmitter, Transposer, Tuner (radio), Ultra high frequency, Underwriting, Underwriting spot, University, Vacuum tube, Very high frequency, Video, Videotape, Voice of Russia, Wireless, World Radio TV Handbook, World War II, Zettabyte. Expand index (118 more) » « Shrink index
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Alfred Lewis Vail (September 25, 1807 – January 18, 1859) was an American machinist and inventor.
AM broadcasting is a radio broadcasting technology, which employs amplitude modulation (AM) transmissions.
Amateur radio, also known as ham radio, describes the use of radio frequency spectrum for purposes of non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, private recreation, radiosport, contesting, and emergency communication.
The American Forces Network (AFN) is the broadcast service operated by the United States Armed Forces' American Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS, commonly pronounced "A-farts") for its entertainment and command internal information networks worldwide.
Analog recording (Greek, ana is "according to" and logos "relationship") is a technique used for the recording of analog signals which, among many possibilities, allows analog audio and analog video for later playback.
An analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal.
Analog television or analogue television is the original television technology that uses analog signals to transmit video and audio.
Analog transmission is a transmission method of conveying information using a continuous signal which varies in amplitude, phase, or some other property in proportion to that information.
An announcer is a person who makes "announcements" in an audio medium or a physical location.
In radio, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver.
An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called "readers"), theatre, music (in which they are called "listeners"), video games (in which they are called "players"), or academics in any medium.
A bandplan or band plan is a plan for using a particular band of radio frequencies, that are a portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path.
Broadcast engineering is the field of electrical engineering, and now to some extent computer engineering and information technology, which deals with radio and television broadcasting.
A broadcast license is a type of spectrum license granting the licensee permission to use a portion of the radio frequency spectrum in a given geographical area for broadcasting purposes.
A broadcast network is a group of radio stations, television stations, or other electronic media outlets, that form an agreement to air, or broadcast, content from a centralized source.
Broadcast programming is the practice of organizing and/or ordering of broadcast media programs (Internet, television, radio, etc.) in a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly or season-long schedule.
Broadcast quality is a term stemming from quad videotape to denote the quality achieved by professional video cameras and time base correctors (TBC) used for broadcast television, usually in standard definition.
Broadcasting syndication is the license to broadcast television programs and radio programs by multiple television stations and radio stations, without going through a broadcast network.
Broadcast television systems are encoding or formatting standards for the transmission and reception of terrestrial television signals.
Broadcasting in the United States began with experiments with wireless transmission during the middle of the 19th century, with varying degrees of success.
The broadcasting of sports events (also known as a sportscast) is the live coverage of sports as a television program, on radio, and other broadcasting media.
A business model describes the rationale of how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value,Business Model Generation, Alexander Osterwalder, Yves Pigneur, Alan Smith, and 470 practitioners from 45 countries, self-published, 2010 in economic, social, cultural or other contexts.
A cable converter box or television converter box is an electronic tuning device that transposes/converts any of the available channels from a cable television service to an analog RF signal on a single channel, usually VHF or 4, or to a different output for digital televisions such as HDMI.
Cable radio or cable FM is a concept similar to that of cable television, bringing radio signals into homes and businesses via coaxial cable.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
Citizens band radio (also known as CB radio) is, in many countries, a system of short-distance radio communications between individuals typically on a selection of 40 channels within the 27 MHz (11 m) band.
Clément Ader (2 April 1841 – 3 May 1925) was a French inventor and engineer who was born in Muret, Haute-Garonne (a distant suburb of Toulouse), and died in Toulouse.
Cross-sectional view of a coaxial cable Coaxial cable, or coax (pronounced), is a type of electrical cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.
Cryptography in simple terms means the use of any alphabet or numerical statement which has a meaning or stores a message.
A college (Latin: collegium) is an educational institution or a constituent part of one.
Commercial broadcasting (also called private broadcasting) is the broadcasting of television programs and radio programming by privately owned corporate media, as opposed to state sponsorship.
Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
Communication theory is a field of information theory and mathematics that studies the technical process of information and the process of human communication.
A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relays and amplifies radio telecommunications signals via a transponder; it creates a communication channel between a source transmitter and a receiver at different locations on Earth.
Community radio is a radio service offering a third model of radio broadcasting in addition to commercial and public broadcasting.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
A concert is a live music performance in front of an audience.
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".
The Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) is an American privately owned non-profit corporation created in 1967 by an act of the United States Congress and funded by the federal government to promote and help support public broadcasting.
Data transmission (also data communication or digital communications) is the transfer of data (a digital bitstream or a digitized analog signal) over a point-to-point or point-to-multipoint communication channel.
Dead air is an unintended period of silence that interrupts a broadcast during which no audio or video program material is transmitted.
Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange.
Digital broadcasting is the practice of using digital signals rather than analogue signals for broadcasting over radio frequency bands.
In broadcasting, digital subchannels are a method of transmitting more than one independent program stream simultaneously from the same digital radio or television station on the same radio frequency channel.
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover, the analog switch-off (ASO), or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting is converted to and replaced by digital television.
A disc jockey, often abbreviated as DJ, is a person who plays existing recorded music for a live audience.
To disseminate (from lat. disseminare "scattering seeds"), in the field of communication, means to broadcast a message to the public without direct feedback from the audience.
Distribution (or place) is one of the four elements of the marketing mix.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
The scheduling of television programming in North America (namely the United States, Canada, and Mexico) must cope with different time zones.
An electric current is a flow of electric charge.
An electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electrical signals, usually conveyed via dedicated telecommunication circuit or radio.
An electromagnet is a type of magnet in which the magnetic field is produced by an electric current.
The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies (the spectrum) of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies.
Electronic media are media that use electronics or electromechanical audience to access the content.
Electronic news-gathering (ENG) is when reporters and editors make use of electronic video and audio technologies in order to gather and present news.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations, established on 12 February 1950.
The exabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The Federal Radio Commission (FRC) was a government body that regulated radio use in the United States from its creation in 1926 until its replacement by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1934.
The FM broadcast band, used for FM broadcast radio by radio stations, differs between different parts of the world.
Below is a glossary of terms used in broadcasting.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
HD Radio is a trademarked term for iBiquity's in-band on-channel (IBOC) digital radio technology used by AM and FM radio stations to transmit audio and data by using a digital signal embedded "on-frequency" immediately above and below a station's standard analog signal, providing the means to listen to the same program in either HD (digital radio with less noise) or as a standard broadcast (analog radio with standard sound quality).
The Hindenburg disaster occurred on May 6, 1937, in Manchester Township, New Jersey, United States.
A home, or domicile, is a dwelling-place used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for an individual, family, household or several families in a tribe.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Internet radio (also web radio, net radio, streaming radio, e-radio, IP radio, online radio) is a digital audio service transmitted via the Internet.
John Durham Peters (born 1958) is the María Rosa Menocal Professor of English and of Film & Media Studies at Yale University.
Joseph Henry (December 17, 1797 – May 13, 1878) was an American scientist who served as the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.
Lakehurst is a borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States.
This is a list of cable television providers by country.
This is a list of satellites in geosynchronous orbit.
Live radio is radio broadcast without delay.
Live television is a television production broadcast in real-time, as events happen, in the present.
The terms local programme, local programming, local content or local television refers to a television program made by a television station or independent television producer for broadcast only within the station's transmission area or television market.
Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
Media are the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.
Medium wave (MW) is the part of the medium frequency (MF) radio band used mainly for AM radio broadcasting.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from one meter to one millimeter; with frequencies between and.
Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood by a skilled listener or observer without special equipment.
In computer networking, multicast is group communication where data transmission is addressed to a group of destination computers simultaneously.
Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service (MMDS), formerly known as Broadband Radio Service (BRS) and also known as Wireless Cable, is a wireless telecommunications technology, used for general-purpose broadband networking or, more commonly, as an alternative method of cable television programming reception.
Narrowcasting has traditionally been understood as the dissemination of information (usually via Internet, radio, newspaper, or television) to a narrow audience; not to the broader public at-large.
News broadcasting is the medium of broadcasting of various news events and other information via television, radio, or internet in the field of broadcast journalism.
A news program, news programme, news show, or newscast is a regularly scheduled radio or television program that reports current events.
A non-broadcast multiple access network (NBMA) is a computer network to which multiple hosts are attached, but data is transmitted only directly from one computer to another single host over a virtual circuit or across a switched fabric.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
North American television frequencies are different for over-the-air (also called terrestrial) and cable television systems.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Outside broadcasting (OB) is the electronic field production (EFP) of television or radio programmes (typically to cover television news and sports television events) from a mobile remote broadcast television studio.
A parabolic antenna is an antenna that uses a parabolic reflector, a curved surface with the cross-sectional shape of a parabola, to direct the radio waves.
Pay television, subscription television, premium television, or premium channels are subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analog and digital cable and satellite television, but also increasingly via digital terrestrial and internet television.
Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of pay television service by which a subscriber of a television service provider can purchase events to view via private telecast.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service.
Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.
In the United States, commercial radio stations make most of their revenue by selling airtime to be used for running radio advertisements.
Radio broadcasting is transmission by radio waves intended to reach a wide audience.
Radio masts and towers are, typically, tall structures designed to support antennas (also known as aerials) for telecommunications and broadcasting, including television.
There are two types of radio networks currently in use around the world: the one-to-many broadcast network commonly used for public information and mass media entertainment; and the two-way radio type used more commonly for public safety and public services such as police, fire, taxicabs, and delivery services.
A radio program (radio programme in the United Kingdom) or radio show is a segment of content intended for broadcast on radio.
Radio programming is the process of organising a schedule of radio content for commercial broadcasting and public broadcasting by radio stations.
In radio communications, a radio receiver (receiver or simply radio) is an electronic device that receives radio waves and converts the information carried by them to a usable form.
A radio station is a set of equipment necessary to carry on communication via radio waves.
Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light.
Reality television is a genre of television programming that documents supposedly unscripted real-life situations, and often features an otherwise unknown cast of individuals who are typically not professional actors, although in some shows celebrities may participate.
A recording studio is a specialized facility for sound recording, mixing, and audio production of instrumental or vocal musical performances, spoken words, and other sounds.
Retransmission consent is a provision of the 1992 United States Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act that requires cable operators and other multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) to obtain permission from broadcasters before carrying their programming.
Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
Satellite radio is defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)'S ITU Radio Regulations (RR) as a broadcasting-satellite service.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
A screenplay or script is a written work by screenwriters for a film, video game, or television program.
Simulcast, a portmanteau of simultaneous broadcast, is the broadcasting of programs or events across more than one medium, or more than one service on the same medium, at exactly the same time (that is, simultaneously).
Slang is language (words, phrases, and usages) of an informal register that members of special groups like teenagers, musicians, or criminals favor (over a standard language) in order to establish group identity, exclude outsiders, or both.
Slow motion (commonly abbreviated as slo-mo or slow-mo) is an effect in film-making whereby time appears to be slowed down.
The Society of Broadcast Engineers (SBE) is a professional organization for engineers in broadcast radio and television.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
A spoiler is an element of a disseminated summary or description of any piece of fiction that reveals any plot elements which threaten to give away important details.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Streaming television (or streaming TV) is the digital distribution of television content, such as TV shows, as streaming video delivered over the Internet.
Student television in the United Kingdom is the act of students from universities and colleges around the United Kingdom producing and publishing video content independently, operating in a similar fashion to a small television station.
A studio/transmitter link (or STL) sends a radio station's or television station's audio and video from the broadcast studio or origination facility to a radio transmitter, television transmitter or uplink facility in another location.
The subscription business model is a business model where a customer must pay a subscription price to have access to a product or service.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
Telephone Newspapers, introduced in the 1890s, transmitted news and entertainment to subscribers over telephone lines.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
A television advertisement (also called a television commercial, commercial or ad in American English, and known in British English as a TV advert or simply an advert) is a span of television programming produced and paid for by an organization.
A television antenna, or TV aerial, is an antenna specifically designed for the reception of over-the-air broadcast television signals, which are transmitted at frequencies from about 41 to 250 MHz in the VHF band, and 470 to 960 MHz in the UHF band in different countries.
As early as 1929, two Melbourne commercial radio stations, 3UZ and 3DB were conducting experimental mechanical television broadcasts - these were conducted in the early hours of the morning, after the stations had officially closed down.
A television set or television receiver, more commonly called a television, TV, TV set, or telly, is a device that combines a tuner, display, and loudspeakers for the purpose of viewing television.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
A television station is a set of equipment managed by a business, organisation or other entity, such as an amateur television (ATV) operator, that transmits video content via radio waves directly from a transmitter on the earth's surface to a receiver on earth.
A television transmitter is a device which broadcasts an electromagnetic signal to the television receivers.
Terrestrial or broadcast television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna.
Théâtrophone ("the theatre phone") was a telephonic distribution system available in portions of Europe that allowed the subscribers to listen to opera and theatre performances over the telephone lines.
The Cosby Show is an American television sitcom starring Bill Cosby, which aired for eight seasons on NBC from September 20, 1984, until April 30, 1992.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
Ticker tape was the earliest digital electronic communications medium, transmitting stock price information over telegraph lines, in use between around 1870 through 1970.
A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.
In electronics and telecommunications, a transmitter or radio transmitter is an electronic device which produces radio waves with an antenna.
In broadcasting, a transposer or translator is a device in or beyond the service area of a radio or television station transmitter that rebroadcasts signals to receivers which can’t properly receive the signals of the transmitter because of a physical obstruction (like a hill).
A tuner is a subsystem that receives radio frequency (RF) transmissions like radio broadcasts and converts the selected carrier frequency and its associated bandwidth into a fixed frequency that is suitable for further processing, usually because a lower frequency is used on the output.
Ultra high frequency (UHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one decimeter.
Underwriting services are provided by some large specialist financial institutions, such as banks, insurance or investment houses, whereby they guarantee payment in case of damage or financial loss and accept the financial risk for liability arising from such guarantee.
An underwriting spot is an announcement made on public broadcasting outlets, especially in the United States, in exchange for funding.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten to one meter.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
The Voice of Russia (r), commonly abbreviated VOR, was the Russian government's international radio broadcasting service from 1993 until 2014, when it was reorganised as Radio Sputnik.
Wireless communication, or sometimes simply wireless, is the transfer of information or power between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor.
The World Radio TV Handbook, also known as WRTH, is a directory of virtually every radio and TV station on Earth, published yearly.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The zettabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
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