146 relations: Allied-occupied Germany, Alsace, Amtmann, Analytical psychology, Arthur Rackham, August von Haxthausen, Berlin, Bruno Bettelheim, Carl Jung, Charles Perrault, Children's Literature (journal), Cinderella, Clemens Brentano, Cold War, Convention of Artlenburg, Cornucopia, Coven, Danish folklore, Des Knaben Wunderhorn, Deutsche Mythologie, Deutsche Sagen, Deutsches Wörterbuch, Dorothea Viehmann, Edgar Taylor (author), Edmund Dulac, Ella Enchanted (film), Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, Etching, Ever After, Ever After High, Fairy, Flax, Folklore, Folklore studies, Frederick William IV of Prussia, Friedrich Carl von Savigny, Friedrichsgymnasium Kassel, Göttingen, Göttingen Seven, George Cruikshank, German Academy of Sciences at Berlin, German revolutions of 1848–49, German Romanticism, German studies, Germanic paganism, Giovanni Boccaccio, Giovanni Francesco Straparola, Grammar, Greek mythology, Grimm (TV series), ..., Grimms' Fairy Tales, Halle (Westfalen), Hanau, Hanover, Hansel and Gretel, Harvard University, Hildebrandslied, Histoires ou contes du temps passé, Holy Roman Empire, Huguenots, Humboldt University of Berlin, Irish mythology, Jack Zipes, Jacob Grimm, Jérôme Bonaparte, Johann Gottfried Herder, Johann Karl August Musäus, Jurist, Karlheinz Böhm, Kassel, Kingdom of Hanover, Lady-in-waiting, Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel, Laurence Harvey, Libby Copeland, Linda Dégh, Little Red Riding Hood, Lotte Reiniger, Low German, Ludwig Achim von Arnim, Ludwig Emil Grimm, Lutheranism, Magistrate, Maid in Manhattan, Mainz, Marburg, Margaret Raine Hunt, Maria Tatar, Medieval German literature, Medieval literature, Middle Ages, Motif (folkloristics), National Geographic, National Geographic Society, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Norse mythology, Norwegian Folktales, Novella, Oral tradition, Philipp Grimm, Philology, Poetic Edda, Pretty Woman, Principality, Prussia, Rapunzel, Romantic nationalism, Romanticism, Rumpelstiltskin, Salon (gathering), Sigmund Freud, Slate (magazine), Sleeping Beauty, Sleeping Beauty (1959 film), Snow White, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937 film), Spindle (textiles), Standard German, Steinau an der Straße, Stepmother, The 10th Kingdom, The Brothers Grimm (film), The Frog Prince, The Goose Girl, The Land of Stories, The Princess Diaries, The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement, The Sisters Grimm, The Six Swans, The Twelve Brothers, The Uses of Enchantment, The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm, Thomas Crofton Croker, University of Göttingen, University of Marburg, University of Pittsburgh, Walt Disney, Walter Crane, Wessobrunn Prayer, Westphalia, Westport, Connecticut, Wilhelm Grimm, William I, Elector of Hesse, Wrocław, Young Germany. Expand index (96 more) » « Shrink index
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
The Amtmann or Ammann (in Switzerland) was an official in German-speaking countries of Europe and in some of the Nordic countries from the time of the Middle Ages whose office was akin to that of a bailiff.
Analytical psychology (sometimes analytic psychology), also called Jungian psychology, is a school of psychotherapy which originated in the ideas of Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist.
Arthur Rackham (19 September 1867 – 6 September 1939) was an English book illustrator.
August Franz Ludwig Maria, Baron von Haxthausen-Abbenburg (February 3, 1792, in Bökendorf, Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn – December 31, 1866, in Hanover) was a German agricultural scientist, economist, lawyer, writer, and collector of folk songs, best known for his account of conditions in Russia as revealed by his 1843 visit.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Bruno Bettelheim (August 28, 1903 – March 13, 1990) was the director of the Orthogenic School for Disturbed Children at the University of Chicago from 1944 to 1973.
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.
Charles Perrault (12 January 1628 – 16 May 1703) was a French author and member of the Académie Française.
Children’s Literature is an academic journal and annual publication of the Modern Language Association and the Children’s Literature Association Division on Children's Literature.
Cinderella (Cenerentola, Cendrillon, Aschenputtel), or The Little Glass Slipper, is a folk tale embodying a myth-element of unjust oppression and triumphant reward.
Clemens Wenzeslaus Brentano (also Klemens; pseudonym: Clemens Maria Brentano;; 9 September 1778 – 28 July 1842) was a German poet and novelist, and a major figure of German Romanticism.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Convention of Artlenburg or Elbkonvention was the surrender of the Electorate of Hanover to Napoleon's army, signed at Artlenburg on 5 July 1803 by Oberbefehlshaber Johann Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn.
In classical antiquity, the cornucopia (from Latin cornu copiae), also called the horn of plenty, was a symbol of abundance and nourishment, commonly a large horn-shaped container overflowing with produce, flowers or nuts.
A coven usually refers to a gathering of witches.
Danish folklore consists of folk tales, legends, songs, music, dancing, popular beliefs and traditions communicated by the inhabitants of towns and villages across the country, often passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth.
Des Knaben Wunderhorn: Alte deutsche Lieder (German; "The boy's magic horn: old German songs") is a collection of German folk poems and songs edited by Achim von Arnim and Clemens Brentano, and published in Heidelberg, Baden.
Deutsche Mythologie (Teutonic Mythology) is a treatise on Germanic mythology by Jacob Grimm.
Deutsche Sagen ("German Legends") is a publication by the Brothers Grimm, appearing in two volumes in 1816 and 1818.
The Deutsches Wörterbuch (The German Dictionary), abbreviated DWB, is the largest and most comprehensive dictionary of the German language in existence.
Dorothea Viehmann (November 8, 1755 – November 17, 1816) was a German storyteller.
Edgar Taylor (1793–1839) was a British solicitor and author of legal, historical, literary works and translations.
Edmund Dulac (born Edmond Dulac; 22 October 1882 – 25 May 1953) was a French-born, British naturalised magazine illustrator, book illustrator and stamp designer.
Ella Enchanted is a 2004 fantasy romantic comedy film directed by Tommy O'Haver and written by Karen McCullah Lutz and Kirsten Smith loosely based on Gail Carson Levine's 1997 novel of the same name.
Ernest Augustus (Ernst August; 5 June 1771 – 18 November 1851) was King of Hanover from 20 June 1837 until his death.
Etching is traditionally the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio (incised) in the metal.
Ever After (known in promotional material as Ever After: A Cinderella Story) is a 1998 American romantic drama film inspired by the fairy tale Cinderella.
Ever After High is a fashion doll franchise released by Mattel in July 2013.
A fairy (also fata, fay, fey, fae, fair folk; from faery, faerie, "realm of the fays") is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore, a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural, or preternatural.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
Folklore studies, also known as folkloristics, and occasionally tradition studies or folk life studies in Britain, is the formal academic discipline devoted to the study of folklore.
Frederick William IV (Friedrich Wilhelm IV.; 15 October 17952 January 1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861.
Friedrich Carl von Savigny (21 February 1779 – 25 October 1861) was a German jurist and historian.
The Friedrichsgymnasium is a Gymnasium in Kassel, Hesse, Germany.
Göttingen (Low German: Chöttingen) is a university city in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Göttingen Seven (Göttinger Sieben) were a group of seven professors from Göttingen.
George Cruikshank (27 September 1792 – 1 February 1878) was a British caricaturist and book illustrator, praised as the "modern Hogarth" during his life.
The German Academy of Sciences at Berlin (Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin) or AdW, later renamed the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic (Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR), was the most important research institution of East Germany.
The German revolutions of 1848–49 (Deutsche Revolution 1848/1849), the opening phase of which was also called the March Revolution (Märzrevolution), were initially part of the Revolutions of 1848 that broke out in many European countries.
German Romanticism was the dominant intellectual movement of German-speaking countries in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, influencing philosophy, aesthetics, literature and criticism.
German studies is the field of humanities that researches, documents, and disseminates German language and literature in both its historic and present forms.
Germanic religion refers to the indigenous religion of the Germanic peoples from the Iron Age until Christianisation during the Middle Ages.
Giovanni Boccaccio (16 June 1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian writer, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist.
Giovanni Francesco "Gianfrancesco" Straparola, also known as Zoan or Zuan Francesco Straparola da Caravaggio (ca. 1485?-1558), was a writer of poetry, and collector and writer of short stories.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
Grimm is an American fantasy police procedural drama television series created by Stephen Carpenter and Jim Kouf & David Greenwalt and produced by Universal Television for NBC.
The Grimms' Fairy Tales, originally known as the Children's and Household Tales (lead), is a collection of fairy tales by the Grimm brothers or "Brothers Grimm", Jacob and Wilhelm, first published on 20 December 1812.
Halle, officially Halle (Westf.) or Halle Westfalen (i.e. Westphalia) to distinguish it from the larger Halle (Saale), is a town in the German Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, 15 km west of Bielefeld, and belongs to the district of Gütersloh in the region of Detmold.
Hanau is a town in the Main-Kinzig-Kreis, in Hesse, Germany.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
"Hansel and Gretel" (also known as Hansel and Grettel, Hansel and Grethel, or Little Brother and Little Sister; Hänsel und Gretel (Hänsel und Grethel)) is a well-known fairy tale of German origin, recorded by the Brothers Grimm and published in 1812.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The Hildebrandslied (Lay or Song of Hildebrand) is a heroic lay written in Old High German alliterative verse.
Histoires ou contes du temps passé or Les Contes de ma Mère l'Oye (Stories or Fairy Tales from Past Times with Morals or Mother Goose Tales)Zipes (2000), 236–238 is a collection of literary fairy tales written by Charles Perrault, published in Paris in 1697.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.
The Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU Berlin), is a university in the central borough of Mitte in Berlin, Germany.
The mythology of pre-Christian Ireland did not entirely survive the conversion to Christianity.
Jack David Zipes (born 1937) is an American academic and folklorist who has published and lectured on the subject of fairy tales, their evolution, and their social and political role in civilizing processes.
Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm (4 January 1785 – 20 September 1863) also known as Ludwig Karl, was a German philologist, jurist, and mythologist.
Jérôme-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Girolamo Buonaparte; 15 November 1784 – 24 June 1860) was the youngest brother of Napoleon I and reigned as Jerome I (formally Hieronymus Napoleon in German), King of Westphalia, between 1807 and 1813.
Johann Gottfried (after 1802, von) Herder (25 August 174418 December 1803) was a German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic.
Johann Karl August Musäus (29 March 1735 – 28 October 1787) was a popular German author and one of the first collectors of German folk stories, most celebrated for his Volksmärchen der Deutschen (1782–86), a collection of German fairy tales retold as satires.
A jurist (from medieval Latin) is someone who researches and studies jurisprudence (theory of law).
Karlheinz Böhm (16 March 1928 – 29 May 2014), sometimes referred to as Carl Boehm or Karl Boehm, was an Austrian-German actor and philanthropist.
Kassel (spelled Cassel until 1928) is a city located at the Fulda River in northern Hesse, Germany.
The Kingdom of Hanover (Königreich Hannover) was established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era.
A lady-in-waiting or court lady is a female personal assistant at a court, royal or feudal, attending on a royal woman or a high-ranking noblewoman.
The Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel), spelled Hesse-Cassel during its entire existence, was a state in the Holy Roman Empire that was directly subject to the Emperor.
Laurence Harvey (born Laruschka Mischa Skikne; 1 October 192825 November 1973) was a Lithuanian-born South African-raised actor.
Libby Copeland (born 1976) is a freelance writer in New York City, and was previously a staff writer for the Washington Post.
Linda Dégh was a folklorist and professor of Folklore & Ethnomusicology at Indiana University.
"Little Red Riding Hood" is a European fairy tale about a young girl and a Big Bad Wolf.
Charlotte "Lotte" Reiniger (2 June 1899 – 19 June 1981) was a German film director and the foremost pioneer of silhouette animation.
Low German or Low Saxon (Plattdütsch, Plattdüütsch, Plattdütsk, Plattduitsk, Nedersaksies; Plattdeutsch, Niederdeutsch; Nederduits) is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in northern Germany and the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Carl Joachim Friedrich Ludwig von Arnim (26 January 1781 – 21 January 1831), better known as Achim von Arnim, was a German poet, novelist, and together with Clemens Brentano and Joseph von Eichendorff, a leading figure of German Romanticism.
Ludwig Emil Grimm (14 March 1790 – 4 April 1863) was a German painter, art professor, etcher and copper engraver.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law.
Maid in Manhattan is a 2002 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Wayne Wang and based on a story by John Hughes, who is credited using a pseudonym.
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
Marburg is a university town in the German federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse, capital of the Marburg-Biedenkopf district (Landkreis).
Margaret Hunt (1831–1912) was a British novelist and translator of the tales of the Brothers Grimm.
Maria Magdalene Tatar (born May 13, 1945) is an American academic whose expertise lies in children's literature, German literature, and folklore.
Medieval German literature refers to literature written in Germany, stretching from the Carolingian dynasty; various dates have been given for the end of the German literary Middle Ages, the Reformation (1517) being the last possible cut-off point.
Medieval literature is a broad subject, encompassing essentially all written works available in Europe and beyond during the Middle Ages (that is, the one thousand years from the fall of the Western Roman Empire ca. AD 500 to the beginning of the Florentine Renaissance in the late 15th century).
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Motif is a word used by folklorists who analyze, interpret, and describe the traditional elements found in the lore of particular folk groups and compare the folklore of various regions and cultures of the world based on these motif patterns.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
Norse mythology is the body of myths of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.
Norwegian Folktales (Norske Folkeeventyr) is a collection of Norwegian folktales and legends by Peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Jørgen Moe.
A novella is a text of written, fictional, narrative prose normally longer than a short story but shorter than a novel, somewhere between 7,500 and 40,000 words.
Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication where in knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved and transmitted orally from one generation to another.
Philipp Wilhelm Grimm (died 1796) was a German lawyer and father to the Brothers Grimm and seven other children, including Ludwig Emil Grimm and Charlotte Amalie Grimm.
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.
Poetic Edda is the modern attribution for an unnamed collection of Old Norse anonymous poems, which is different from the Edda written by Snorri Sturluson.
Pretty Woman is a 1990 American romantic comedy film directed by Garry Marshall from a screenplay by J. F. Lawton.
A principality (or princedom) can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or by a monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
"Rapunzel" is a German fairy tale in the collection assembled by the Brothers Grimm, and first published in 1812 as part of Children's and Household Tales.
Romantic nationalism (also national romanticism, organic nationalism, identity nationalism) is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of the unity of those it governs.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Rumpelstiltskin is a fairytale popularly associated with Germany (where he is known as Rumpelstilzchen).
A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
Sleeping Beauty (La Belle au bois dormant), or Little Briar Rose (Dornröschen), also titled in English as The Sleeping Beauty in the Woods, is a classic fairy tale which involves a beautiful princess, a sleeping enchantment, and a handsome prince.
Sleeping Beauty is a 1959 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney based on The Sleeping Beauty by Charles Perrault.
"Snow White" is a 19th-century German fairy tale which is today known widely across the Western world.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released by RKO Radio Pictures.
A spindle is a straight spike usually made from wood used for spinning, twisting fibers such as wool, flax, hemp, cotton into yarn.
Standard German, High German or more precisely Standard High German (Standarddeutsch, Hochdeutsch, or in Swiss Schriftdeutsch) is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts, and for communication between different dialect areas.
Steinau an der Strasse is a town of around 10,000 in the Main-Kinzig district, in Hesse, Germany.
A stepmother is the current wife of one's natural parent that is not one's biological mother.
The 10th Kingdom is an American fairytale fantasy miniseries written by Simon Moore and produced by Britain's Carnival Films, Germany's Babelsberg Film und Fernsehen, and the USA's Hallmark Entertainment.
The Brothers Grimm is a 2005 adventure fantasy film directed by Terry Gilliam.
"The Frog Prince; or, Iron Henry" (Der Froschkönig oder der eiserne Heinrich, literally "The Frog King; or, The Iron Heinrich") is a fairy tale, best known through the Brothers Grimm's written version; traditionally it is the first story in their collection.
"The Goose Girl" is a German fairy tale from the collection of the Brothers Grimm.
The Land of Stories is a series of children's fiction, adventure and fantasy books written by American author, actor and singer Chris Colfer.
The Princess Diaries is a series of epistolary young adult novels written by Meg Cabot, and is also the title of the first volume, published in 2000.
The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement is a 2004 American romantic comedy film and the sequel to 2001's The Princess Diaries.
The Sisters Grimm is a children's fantasy series written by Michael Buckley and illustrated by Peter Ferguson.
The Six Swans (in German: Die sechs Schwäne) is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm as tale number 49.
"The Twelve Brothers" (Die zwölf Brüder) is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 9.
The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales is a 1976 book by Austrian-born American author Bruno Bettelheim, in which the author analyzes fairy tales in terms of Freudian psychoanalysis.
The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm is a 1962 American film directed by Henry Levin and George Pal.
Thomas Crofton Croker (15 January 1798 – 8 August 1854) was an Irish antiquary.
The University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, GAU, known informally as Georgia Augusta) is a public research university in the city of Göttingen, Germany.
The Philipps University of Marburg (Philipps-Universität Marburg) was founded in 1527 by Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, which makes it one of Germany's oldest universities and the oldest Protestant university in the world.
The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Walter Crane (15 August 1845 – 14 March 1915) was an English artist and book illustrator.
The Wessobrunn Prayer, sometimes called the Wessobrunn Creation Poem (Wessobrunner Gebet, Wessobrunner Schöpfungsgedicht), believed to date from c790, is among the earliest known poetic works in Old High German.
Westphalia (Westfalen) is a region in northwestern Germany and one of the three historic parts of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Westport is an affluent town located in Connecticut, along Long Island Sound within Connecticut's Gold Coast in Fairfield County, Connecticut.
Wilhelm Carl Grimm (also Karl; 24 February 1786 – 16 December 1859) was a German author and anthropologist, and the younger brother of Jacob Grimm, of the library duo the Brothers Grimm.
William I, Elector of Hesse (Wilhelm I., Kurfürst von Hessen; 3 June 1743 – 27 February 1821) was the eldest surviving son of Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Princess Mary of Great Britain, the daughter of George II.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Young Germany (Junges Deutschland) was a group of German writers which existed from about 1830 to 1850.
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