299 relations: Abdul Aziz Juned, Abdul Rahman Mohamed Taib, Absolute monarchy, Ahmad Tajuddin, Al-Muhtadee Billah, Alan Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton, Allah Peliharakan Sultan, Anduki Airfield, Anthony Royle, Baron Fanshawe of Richmond, Arabic, Arabic alphabet, ASEAN Declaration, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Association football, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Atheism, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bangar, Brunei, Bank of China, Barrel (unit), Battle of North Borneo, Batu Lintang camp, BBC News, Belait District, Belait language, Belait people, Bell 212, Bendahara, Berakas A, Brunei-Muara, Berakas B, Brunei-Muara, BIMP-EAGA, Blasphemy, Bolkiah, Borneo, Borneo Bulletin, Borneo lowland rain forest, Borneo montane rain forests, British Forces Brunei, British Military Administration (Borneo), British Protectorate, Brunei at the Asian Games, Brunei at the Olympics, Brunei Bay, Brunei Bisaya language, Brunei Civil War, Brunei dollar, Brunei International Airport, Brunei Malay, ..., Brunei national football team, Brunei Premier League, Brunei revolt, Brunei River, Brunei Super League, Brunei-Muara District, Bruneian Empire, Bruneian Malay people, Buddhism, Buddhism in Brunei, Burong Pingai Ayer, Brunei-Muara, Cam Ranh Bay, Camphor, Caning, Cantonese, Capital punishment, Captain general, Car, Castilian War, Catty, Chief administrative officer, Cholera, Christianity, Christianity in Brunei, Christmas, Citibank, Colonialism, Commonwealth of Nations, Confucianism, Consumer electronics, Convenience food, Cornelius Sim, Criminal code, Crown prince, Daïra, Davao City, Defence minister, Demographics of Brunei, Developed country, Domestic policy, Dual carriageway, Dusun language, Dusun people, Dysentery, East Malaysia, East Timor, Economic system, Encyclopædia Britannica, English language, English law, Ethnic Chinese in Brunei, Exclusive economic zone, Expatriate, Federated state, FIFA, Fiji, Filipinos, Finance minister, Financial Times, Flag carrier, Folk hero, Forbes, Foreign corporation, Francisco de Sande, Freedom House, Freethought, Gadong B, Brunei-Muara, Geographic coordinate system, Geography of Brunei, Geophysics, Group cohesiveness, Gurkha, Hakka Chinese, Halal, Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin, Hassanal Bolkiah, Head of state, High commissioner (Commonwealth), Hindu, History of Brunei, Hokkien, Homosexuality, HSBC, Hugh Low, Human Development Index, Independence, India, Indonesia, International Futures, International Monetary Fund, Islam, Islam in Brunei, Islamic state, James Brooke, Japanese government-issued dollar in Malaya and Borneo, Japanese invasion of Malaya, Java, Jawi alphabet, Jerudong, Jerudong Park Medical Centre, Kampong Ayer, Kawaguchi Detachment, Kedayan, Kianggeh, Brunei-Muara, Kilanas, Brunei-Muara, Kingdom of Sarawak, Kota Batu, Brunei-Muara, Kuala Belait, Kuala Belait, Belait, Kuching, Labour economics, Labuan, Languages of Brunei, Latin alphabet, Lawas, Legislative Council of Brunei, LGBT rights in Brunei, Liang, Belait, Libya, Limbang, Limbang District, Limbang Division, Liquefied natural gas, List of Brunei-related topics, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of Panamax ports, List of Sultans of Brunei, Ludovico di Varthema, Lun Bawang, Lun Bawang language, Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation, Majapahit, Majesty, Malaria, Malay alphabet, Malay Archipelago, Malay language, Malays (ethnic group), Malaysia, Maluku Islands, Manila, Martial law, Media Permata, Medical school, Melayu Islam Beraja, Member states of the United Nations, Memorandum of understanding, Mentiri, Brunei-Muara, Mindanao, Miri Division, Miri, Malaysia, Morocco, Mpu Prapanca, MSNBC, Muara, Brunei, Muhammad, Muhammad Shah of Brunei, Mukim, Murut people, Murutic languages, Muslim, Nagarakretagama, North Borneo, North Borneo Chartered Company, North Borneo Federation, Official script, Omar Ali Saifuddien III, Organisation of Islamic 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Pehin Datu Seri Maharaja Dato Paduka Seri Setia Ustaz Dr.
Abdul Rahman Mohamed Taib (Malay: Yang Berhormat Pehin Orang Kaya Seri Lela Dato Seri Setia Awang Haji Abdul Rahman bin Dato Setia Haji Mohamed Taib; born on 05 December 1942) is a Bruneian politician and the incumbent Speaker of Legislative Council of Brunei.
Absolute monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.
Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Sir Ahmad Tajuddin Akhazul Khairi Waddien ibn Sultan Sir Muhammad Jamalul Alam II (commonly referred to as Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin), KBE, CMG (22 August 1913 – 4 June 1950) was the 27th Sultan of Brunei from 11 September 1924 until his death/ His reign represented the start of a new era in Brunei.
Crown Prince Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah Ibn Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, GCVO; (born 17 February 1974) is the Crown Prince of Brunei Darussalam.
Alan Tindal Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton, CH, PC, DL (18 November 1904 – 8 March 1983) was a British Conservative politician.
"Allah Peliharakan Sultan" (Jawi: الله فليهاراكن سلطن) (God Bless the Sultan) is the national anthem of Brunei Darussalam.
Anduki Airfield is an airport in Seria, a town in Belait District of Brunei.
Anthony Henry Fanshawe Royle, Baron Fanshawe of Richmond, KCMG (27 March 1927 – 28 December 2001) was a British Conservative Party politician and businessman.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The Arabic alphabet (الأَبْجَدِيَّة العَرَبِيَّة, or الحُرُوف العَرَبِيَّة) or Arabic abjad is the Arabic script as it is codified for writing Arabic.
The ASEAN Declaration or Bangkok Declaration is the founding document of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries that promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration amongst its members, other Asian countries, and globally.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
Bandar Seri Begawan (Jawi: بندر سري بڬاوان) (formerly known as Brunei Town) is the capital city of the Sultanate of Brunei.
Bangar is the town of the Bruneian district of Temburong, an isolated territorial exclave separated from the rest of the country by the Malaysian state of Sarawak.
Bank of China (often abbreviated as 中行 or BOC) is one of the four biggest state-owned commercial banks in China.
A barrel is one of several units of volume applied in various contexts; there are dry barrels, fluid barrels (such as the UK beer barrel and US beer barrel), oil barrels and so on.
The Battle of North Borneo took place during the Second World War between Allied and Japanese forces.
Batu Lintang camp (also known as Lintang Barracks and Kuching POW camp) at Kuching, Sarawak on the island of Borneo was a Japanese internment camp during the Second World War.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belait District, or simply Belait, is the largest as well as the westernmost district in Brunei.
Belait, or Lemeting, is a Malayo-Polynesian language of Brunei and neighbouring Malaysia.
The Belait People are an ethnic group which reside mainly in the Belait District of Brunei.
The Bell 212 (also known as the Twin Two-Twelve) is a two-blade, twin-engine, medium helicopter that first flew in 1968.
Bendahara (Jawi: بنداهارا) is an administrative position within classical Malay kingdoms comparable to a vizier before the intervention of European powers during the 19th century.
Berakas 'A' is a mukim or subdistrict of Brunei-Muara, Brunei.
Berakas 'B' is a mukim or subdistrict in the Brunei-Muara District of Brunei.
The East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMPT-EAGA) is a subregional economic co-operation initiative in Southeast Asia.
Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable.
Sultan Bolkiah was the 5th Sultan of Brunei.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
The Borneo Bulletin is a daily English-language newspaper in Brunei.
Borneo lowland rain forest is an ecoregion, within the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests biome, of the large island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
The Borneo montane rain forests are an ecoregion, of cloud forest, within the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests biome, of the island of Borneo in south-east Asia.
British Forces Brunei (BFB) is the name given to the British Armed Forces presence in Brunei.
The British Military Administration (BMA) was the interim administrator of British Borneo between the end of the Second World War and the establishment of the Crown Colonies of Sarawak and North Borneo in 1946.
British Protectorates were territories in which the British Crown exercised sovereign jurisdiction.
Brunei first competed at the Asian Games in 1990.
Brunei, as Brunei Darussalam, first participated at the Olympic Games in 1988, with a single official but no athletes.
Brunei Bay (Teluk Brunei) is on the northwestern coast of Borneo island, in Brunei and Malaysia.
Bisaya, also known as Southern Bisaya or Brunei Bisaya or Tutong language 1, is a Sabahan language spoken in Brunei and Sarawak, Malaysia.
The Brunei Civil War was a civil war fought in the Bruneian Empire from 1660 to 1673.
The Brunei dollar (Malay: ringgit Brunei, currency code: BND), has been the currency of the Sultanate of Brunei since 1967.
Brunei International Airport (Malay: Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Brunei; Jawi: لاڤڠن تربڠ انتارابڠسا بروني) is the primary airport in the nation of Brunei.
Brunei Malay (Bahasa Melayu Brunei) is the most widely spoken language in Brunei and a lingua franca in some parts of East Malaysia, such as Labuan, Limbang, Lawas, Sipitang and Papar.
The Brunei national football team (also known as the Brunei Darussalam national football team) nicknamed Tebuan (The Wasps), is the national team of the Brunei and is controlled by the National Football Association of Brunei Darussalam.
DST Group Brunei Premier League (DST GROUP LIGA PERDANA BRUNEI) was the top-tier football league of Brunei until it was replaced by the Brunei Super League in 2012.
The Brunei revolt (Pemberontakan Brunei) was a December 1962 insurrection in the British protectorate of Brunei by opponents of its monarchy and its proposed inclusion in the Federation of Malaysia.
The Brunei River is a river which flows through Brunei and empties into Brunei Bay towards the North-east direction.
The Brunei Super League (Liga Super Brunei in Malay) or DST Super League for sponsorship reasons, is a Bruneian professional league for association football.
Brunei-Muara is the northernmost district (daerah in Malay) in Brunei.
The Bruneian Empire or Empire of Brunei, also known as Sultanate of Brunei or Negara Brunei, was a Malay sultanate, centred in Brunei on the northern coast of Borneo island in Southeast Asia.
Bruneian MalaysBrunei Malay in its various forms can be identified with a nation, an ethnic group, and a region.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Mahayana Buddhism is the most popular and alongside Ancestor Worship, Taoism and Confucianism as one which is the traditional faith of general Han Chinese people (about 15% of total population of Brunei).
Burong Pingai Ayer is a mukim in the Brunei-Muara district of Brunei.
Cam Ranh Bay (Vịnh Cam Ranh) is a deep-water bay in Vietnam in the province of Khánh Hòa Province.
Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.
Caning is a form of corporal punishment consisting of a number of hits (known as "strokes" or "cuts") with a single cane usually made of rattan, generally applied to the offender's bare or clothed buttocks (see spanking) or hand(s) (on the palm).
The Cantonese language is a variety of Chinese spoken in the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton) and its surrounding area in southeastern China.
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
Captain general (and its literal equivalent in several languages) is a high military rank of general officer grade, and a gubernatorial title.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
The Spanish Expedition to Borneo, also known locally as the Castilian War (Malay: Perang Kastila; Jawi: ڤراڠ كستيلا; Spanish: Expedición española a Borneo; Filipino: Digmaang Kastila), was a military conflict between Brunei and Spain in 1578.
The catty, kati (in Singaporean English) or jin (commonly in China), symbol 斤, is a traditional Chinese unit of mass used across East and Southeast Asia, notably for weighing food and other groceries in some wet markets, street markets, and shops.
Chief administrative officers are top-tier executives who supervise the daily operations of an organization and are ultimately responsible for its performance.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christianity in Brunei is the third largest religion practiced by about 10% of the population.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
Citibank is the consumer division of financial services multinational Citigroup.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic (analog or digital) equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.
Convenience food, or tertiary processed food, is food that is commercially prepared (often through processing) to optimise ease of consumption.
Cornelius Sim (born 16 September 1951) is the current Vicar Apostolic of the Catholic Apostolic Vicariate of Brunei, and Titular Bishop of Putia in Numidia.
A criminal code (or penal code) is a document which compiles all, or a significant amount of, a particular jurisdiction's criminal law.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
A daïra or daerah (circle; plural dawaïr) is an administrative division of a wilaya in Algeria, and in Western Sahara.
, officially the (Dakbayan sa Dabaw, Lungsod ng Dabaw), is a highly urbanized city in the island of Mindanao,.
The title Defence Minister, Minister for Defence, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defence, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.
The demographic features of Brunei include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
Domestic policy are administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders.
A dual carriageway (British English) or divided highway (American English) is a class of highway with carriageways for traffic travelling in opposite directions separated by a central reservation.
Central Dusun, also known as Bunduliwan (Dusun: Boros Dusun), is one of the more widespread languages spoken by the Dusun and Kadazan peoples of Sabah, Malaysia.
Dusun is the collective name of a tribe or ethnic and linguistic group in the Malaysian state of Sabah of North Borneo.
Dysentery is an inflammatory disease of the intestine, especially of the colon, which always results in severe diarrhea and abdominal pains.
East Malaysia (Malaysia Timur), also known as Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan (Sabah, Sarawak dan Labuan) or Malaysian Borneo, is the part of Malaysia on the island of Borneo, the world's third largest island.
East Timor or Timor-Leste (Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.
An economic system is a system of production, resource allocation and distribution of goods and services within a society or a given geographic area.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English law is the common law legal system of England and Wales, comprising mainly criminal law and civil law, each branch having its own courts and procedures.
Ethnic Chinese in Brunei are people of full or partial Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who are citizens or residents in Brunei.
An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
Filipinos (Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the Philippines.
A finance minister is an executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given sovereign state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.
A folk hero or national hero is a type of hero – real, fictional or mythological – with the sole salient characteristic being the imprinting of his or her name, personality and deeds in the popular consciousness of a people.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
A foreign corporation is a term used in the United States for an existing corporation that is registered to do business in a state or jurisdiction other than where it was originally incorporated.
Francisco de Sande Picón (1540 – September 12, 1602) was the third Spanish governor and captain-general of the Philippines from August 25, 1575 to April 1580.
Freedom House is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) U.S. government-funded non-governmental organization (NGO) that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom, and human rights.
Freethought (or "free thought") is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma.
Gadong 'B' is a mukim or subdistrict in the Brunei-Muara District of Brunei.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.
Brunei is a country in Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and East Malaysia.
Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.
Group cohesiveness (also called group cohesion and social cohesion) arises when bonds link members of a social group to one another and to the group as a whole.
The Gurkhas or Gorkhas with endonym Gorkhali (गोरखाली) are the soldiers of Nepalese nationality and ethnic Indian Gorkhas recruited in the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force, and war zones around the world.
Hakka, also rendered Kejia, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese, spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and in overseas Chinese communities around the world.
Halal (حلال, "permissible"), also spelled hallal or halaal, refers to what is permissible or lawful in traditional Islamic law.
Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin ibni Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien II was the 25th Sultan of Brunei from 30 May 1885 to 10 May 1906.
Hassanal Bolkiah, GCB GCMG (full name: Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah ibn Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam; born 15 July 1946) is the 29th and current Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
In the Commonwealth of Nations, a high commissioner is the senior diplomat (generally ranking as an ambassador) in charge of the diplomatic mission of one Commonwealth government to another.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
The history of Brunei concerns the settlements and societies located on the north coast of the island of Borneo; the influence of Indianised kingdoms and empires for much of its history.
Hokkien (from) or (閩南語/閩南話), is a Southern Min Chinese dialect group originating from the Minnan region in the south-eastern part of Fujian Province in Southeastern China and Taiwan, and spoken widely there and by the Chinese diaspora in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and other parts of Southeast Asia, and by other overseas Chinese all over the world.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
HSBC Holdings plc is a British multinational banking and financial services holding company, tracing its origin to a hong in Hong Kong.
Sir Hugh Low, (10 May 1824 – 18 April 1905) was a British colonial administrator and naturalist.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islam is Brunei's official religion, 67 percent of the population is Muslim, mostly Sunnis of Malay origin who follow the Shafi school of Islamic law.
An Islamic state (دولة إسلامية, dawlah islāmiyyah) is a type of government primarily based on the application of shari'a (Islamic law), dispensation of justice, maintenance of law and order.
Sir James Brooke, Rajah of Sarawak, KCB (29 April 1803 – 11 June 1868), was a British soldier and adventurer who founded the Kingdom of Sarawak in Borneo.
The Japanese government-issued dollar was a form of currency issued for use within the Imperial Japan-occupied territories of Singapore, Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Brunei between 1942 and 1945.
The Japanese Invasion of Malaya began just after midnight on 8 December 1941 (local time) before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Jawi (Jawi: Jāwī; Pattani: Yawi; Acehnese: Jawoë) is an Arabic alphabet for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.
Jerudong is a settlement area in Brunei-Muara District, Brunei.
Jerudong Park Medical Centre (Abbreviation) is the major private hospital in Brunei Darussalam which mainly provides specialised healthcare services.
Kampong Ayer is a historical settlement area on in Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of Brunei.
The Kawaguchi Detachment was an Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) formation that existed during World War II.
The Kedayan (also known as Kadayan, Kadaian or Kadyan) are an ethnic group residing in Brunei, Labuan, Sabah, and parts of Sarawak on the island of Borneo.
Kianggeh is a mukim (subdistrict) in the Brunei-Muara District of Brunei.
Kilanas is a mukim (subdistrict) in the Brunei-Muara District of Brunei.
The Kingdom of Sarawak (also known as the State of Sarawak) was a British protectorate located in the northwestern part of the island of Borneo.
Kota Batu is a mukim (subdistrict) in the Brunei-Muara District of Brunei.
Kuala Belait (Jawi), officially known in Malay as (literally 'Kuala Belait Town'), is a town located in the westernmost part of Brunei, in Belait District.
Kuala Belait (locally known as Mukim Kuala Belait) is a mukim or subdistrict of Belait District, Brunei.
Kuching (Jawi), officially the City of Kuching, is the capital and the most populous city in the state of Sarawak in Malaysia.
Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
Labuan (Jawi: لابوان), officially the Federal Territory of Labuan (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan, Jawi: ولايه ڤرسكوتوان لابوان), is a federal territory of Malaysia.
There are a number of languages spoken in Brunei.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Lawas is a small town and the capital of Lawas District, Limbang Division, Sarawak, Malaysia.
The Legislative Council of Brunei (Malay: Majlis Mesyuarat Negara Brunei (مجليس مشوارت نڬارا بروني)) is a national unicameral legislature of Brunei.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Brunei face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.
Liang is a mukim or subdistrict of Belait, a district of Brunei.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Limbang is a border town and the capital of Limbang District in the Limbang Division of northern Sarawak, East Malaysia, on the island of Borneo.
The Limbang District is one of the two districts of Limbang Division, Malaysia.
Limbang Division is one of the twelve administrative divisions of Sarawak, Malaysia.
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4, with some mixture of ethane C2H6) that has been converted to liquid form for ease and safety of non-pressurized storage or transport.
This is a list of topics related to Brunei.
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.
A Panamax port is a deepwater port that can accommodate a fully laden Panamax ship.
The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and absolute monarch of Brunei.
Ludovico di Varthema, also known as Barthema and Vertomannus (c. 1470 – 1517), was an Italian traveller, diarist and aristocrat known for being the first non-Muslim European to enter Mecca as a pilgrim.
The Lun Bawang (formerly known as Trusan Murut or Southern Murut) is an ethnic group found in Central Northern Borneo.
The language spoken by the Lun Bawangs (or Lundayeh) belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian family.
The Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation was the first voyage around the world in human history.
The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.
Majesty (abbreviation HM, oral address Your Majesty) is an English word derived ultimately from the Latin maiestas, meaning greatness, and used as a style by many monarchs, usually kings or sultanss.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
The modern Malay alphabet or Indonesian alphabet (Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore: Tulisan Rumi, literally "Roman script" or "Roman writing", Indonesia: "Tulisan Latin") consists of the 26 letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet without any diacritics.
The Malay Archipelago (Malaysian & Indonesian: Kepulauan Melayu/Nusantara, Tagalog: Kapuluang Malay, Visayan: Kapupud-ang Malay) is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
Malays (Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.
Media Permata is a Malay-language newspaper published Monday to Saturday in Brunei by Brunei Press Sdn Bhd, which also publishes the Borneo Bulletin.
A medical school is a tertiary educational institution —or part of such an institution— that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons.
Melayu Islam Beraja (Malay Islamic Monarchy, MIB; Jawi: ملايو اسلام براج) was officially proclaimed as the national philosophy of Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam) on the day of its independence on 1 January 1984 by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.
The United Nations member states are the sovereign states that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly.
A memorandum of understanding (MoU) is a type of agreement between two (bilateral) or more (multilateral) parties.
Mentiri is a mukim in the Brunei-Muara district of Brunei.
Mindanao is the second largest island in the Philippines.
Miri Division is one of the twelve administrative divisions of Sarawak, Malaysia.
Miri (Jawi) is a coastal city in northeastern Sarawak, Malaysia, located near the border of Brunei, on the island of Borneo.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mpu Prapanca was the author of the epic poem Nagarakretagama, written in Old Javanese.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Muara is a town in the north-easternmost part of Brunei-Muara District, Brunei.
MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.
Muhammad Shah (born Awang Alak Betatar) established the Sultanate of Brunei and was its first sultan, possibly from 1368 to 1402.
A mukim is a type of administrative division used in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
The Murut are an indigenous ethnic group, comprising 29 sub-ethnic groups inhabiting northern inland regions of Borneo.
The Murutic languages are a family of half a dozen closely related Austronesian languages, spoken in the northern inland regions of Borneo by the Murut and Tidung.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
The Nagarakretagama or Nagarakrtagama, also known as Desawarnana, is an Old Javanese eulogy to Hayam Wuruk, a Javanese king of the Majapahit Empire.
North Borneo (usually known as British North Borneo, also known as the State of North Borneo) was a British protectorate located in the northern part of the island of Borneo.
The North Borneo Chartered Company (NBCC), also known as the British North Borneo Company (BNBC) was a British chartered company formed on 1 November 1881 to administer and exploit the resources of North Borneo (present-day Sabah in Malaysia).
The North Borneo Federation, also known as North Kalimantan or Negara Kesatuan Kalimantan Utara (Unitary State of North Kalimantan) in Malay, was a proposed political entity which would have comprised the British Colonies of Sarawak, British North Borneo (now known as the Malaysian state of Sabah) and the protectorate of Brunei.
An official script is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions.
Mullah Begawan Sultan Sir Muda Omar Ali Saifuddien III (full name: Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien ibni Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II, GCVO, KCMG; 23 September 1914 – 7 September 1986) was the 28th Paramount Ruler and Sultan of Brunei who ruled from 4 June 1950 until his voluntarily abdication from the throne on 5 October 1967.
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC; منظمة التعاون الإسلامي; Organisation de la coopération islamique) is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.3 billion as of 2009 with 47 countries being Muslim Majority countries.
The location of Brunei An enlargeable map of the State of Brunei, Abode of Peace The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to Brunei: Brunei is a sovereign country located on the north coast of the Island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
Panaga is a coastal settlement on the north-east coast of the island of Borneo, in the Bruneian district of Belait.
Pangolins or scaly anteaters are mammals of the order Pholidota (from the Greek word φολῐ́ς, "horny scale").
Pekan Tutong, locally known as Mukim Pekan Tutong, is a mukim or subdistrict in the Tutong District of Brunei.
Pengkalan Batu is a mukim in the Brunei-Muara district of Brunei.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Hospital, commonly abbreviated as RIPAS Hospital, is the main and largest hospital in Brunei.
In early Philippine history, the Tagalog Bayan ("country" or "polity") of Maynila (Bayan ng Maynila; Baybayin:; Balen ning Maynila) was a major trade hub located on the southern part of the Pasig River delta,Abinales, Patricio N. and Donna J. Amoroso, State and Society in the Philippines.
Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order.
In international relations, a regional power is a state that has power within a geographic region.
A Resident, or in full Resident Minister, is a government official required to take up permanent residence in another country.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Royal Brunei Airlines Sdn Bhd (Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ڤنربڠن دراج بروني), or RB, is the national flag carrier airline of Brunei Darussalam, headquartered in the RB Plaza in Bandar Seri Begawan.
The Royal Brunei Navy (Tentera Laut Diraja Brunei, abbreviated TLDB) is the naval defence force of Brunei Darussalam.
Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.
Royal Highness (abbreviated HRH for His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness) is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses.
Sabah is a state of Malaysia located on the northern portion of Borneo Island.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Sarawak is a state of Malaysia.
Sengkurong is a mukim in the Brunei-Muara district of Brunei.
Serasa is a mukim or subdistrict of Brunei-Muara District in Brunei.
Seria is a coastal town on the north-east coast of the island of Borneo, in the Bruneian district of Belait.
Seria is a mukim in the Belait District of Brunei.
The Shafi‘i (شافعي, alternative spelling Shafei) madhhab is one of the four schools of Islamic law in Sunni Islam.
Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.
The Sikorsky S-70 is an American medium transport/utility helicopter family manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Southeast Asian Games (also known as the SEA Games), is a biennial multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
The Spratly Islands (南沙群岛 (Nánshā Qúndǎo), Kepulauan Spratly, Kapuluan ng Kalayaan, Quần đảo Trường Sa) are a disputed group of islands, islets and cays and more than 100 reefs, sometimes grouped in submerged old atolls, in the South China Sea.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
The State Mufti of Brunei is the most senior and most influential Sunni Muslim Ulema (religious and legal authority) in Brunei.
Stoning, or lapidation, is a method of capital punishment whereby a group throws stones at a person until the subject dies.
Sultan (سلطان) is a position with several historical meanings.
The Sulu Archipelago (Tausug: Sūg, Kepulauan Sulu, Kapuluan ng Sulu) is a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean, in the southwestern Philippines.
The Summer Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'été) or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
The Tagalog people (Baybayin) are a major ethnolingustic group in the Philippines.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
National Significant Numbers (NSN): seven digits.
Temburong Bridge (Jambatan Temburong; Jawi) is a bridge currently under construction in Brunei.
Temburong is the easternmost district (daerah) in Brunei.
A thalassocracy (from Classical Greek θάλασσα (thalassa), meaning "sea", and κρατεῖν (kratein), meaning "power", giving Koine Greek θαλασσοκρατία (thalassokratia), "sea power") is a state with primarily maritime realms, an empire at sea (such as the Phoenician network of merchant cities) or a seaborne empire.
The Brunei Times was an independent English-language daily compact broadsheet newspaper published in Brunei Darussalam from 2006 to 2016.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
Time in Brunei is given by Brunei Darussalam Time (BNT) (UTC+08:00).
A tributary state is a term for a pre-modern state in a particular type of subordinate relationship to a more powerful state which involved the sending of a regular token of submission, or tribute, to the superior power.
A tribute (/ˈtrɪbjuːt/) (from Latin tributum, contribution) is wealth, often in kind, that a party gives to another as a sign of respect or, as was often the case in historical contexts, of submission or allegiance.
A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least.
A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.
Tutong is the town of the Bruneian district of Tutong.
Tutong District is one of the four districts of Brunei.
The Tutong language, also known as Tutong 2, is a language spoken by approximately 17,000 people in Brunei.
UBD FM is the first and only student-based radio station in Brunei Darussalam.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD; translation University of Brunei Darussalam; Jawi: يونيبرسيتي بروني دارالسلام) is the first university in Brunei.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.
A vassal state is any state that is subordinate to another.
A village (sometimes spelt as) is the third and lowest administrative division of Brunei.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
The White Rajahs were a dynastic monarchy of the British Brooke family, who founded and ruled the Kingdom of Sarawak, located on the island of Borneo, from 1841 to 1946.
A working language (also procedural language) is a language that is given a unique legal status in a supranational company, society, state or other body or organization as its primary means of communication.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yang di-Pertuan Negara, translated from Malay as "(he) who is Lord", is a title for the Head of State, and has been used as an official title at various times in Singapore and Brunei.
Pengiran Muhammad Yusuf bin Abdul Rahim (May 2, 1923 – April 11, 2016), pen name Yura Halim, was a Bruneian politician, civil servant, diplomat, and writer.
Zhao Rugua (Chau Ju-Kua/Chou Ju-kua) (1170–1228), also written as Zhao Rukuo or misread as Zhao Rushi, is a Song dynasty official who wrote a two-volume book titled Zhu fan zhi.
.bn is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Brunei.
The 15th Punjab Regiment was a regiment of the British Indian Army from 1922 to 1947.
The 1999 Southeast Asian Games (Sukan Asia Tenggara 1999), officially known as the 20th Southeast Asian Games (Sukan Asia Tenggara ke-20) was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam.
The 9th Division was a division of the Australian Army that served during World War II.
Abode of Peace, BRUNEI, Brunai, Brunei Darrussalam, Brunei Darsussalam, Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Sultanate, Brunei, Abode of Peace, Bruneian Sultanate, Burnei, Etymology of Brunei, Health in Brunei, Human rights in Brunei, ISO 3166-1:BN, Legal system of Brunei, Name of Brunei, Nation of Brunei, Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace, Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace, Negara Brunei Darussalam, State of Brunei, State of Brunei Darussalam, State of Brunei, Abode of Peace, برني دارالسلا, بروني.