91 relations: A. K. Warder, Aśvaghoṣa, Aggañña Sutta, Amitābha, Anguttara Nikaya, Arhat, Asana, Asceticism, Atthakatha, Avidyā (Buddhism), Śūraṅgama Sūtra, Śrāvaka, Bhikkhu, Bodhi, Bodhicitta, Bodhisattva, Broadway Books, Budai, Buddha-nature, Buddhacarita, Buddhahood, Buddhism, Buddhism in Indonesia, China, David Kalupahana, Deva (Buddhism), Dharma, Dharmachakra, Dharmakāya, Digha Nikaya, Dona Sutta, Ekavyāvahārika, Enlightenment in Buddhism, Eternal Buddha, Five Dhyani Buddhas, Gautama Buddha, Hsuan Hua, India, Japan, Jataka tales, Kalpa (aeon), Khuddakapatha, Korean Buddhist sculpture, Kukkuṭika, Lao Buddhist sculpture, List of Buddha claimants, List of the named Buddhas, Lokottaravāda, Mahaparinibbana Sutta, Mahayana, ..., Mahāsāṃghika, Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra, Maitreya, Majjhima Nikaya, Mankiala, Milinda Panha, Mudra, Nirvana, Nirvana (Buddhism), Omniscience, Oxford University Press, Pali, Pāli Canon, Physical characteristics of the Buddha, Pratyekabuddha, Saṃsāra, Sacred Books of the East, Samadhi, Sangha, Sangharakshita, Sanskrit, Sāvakabuddha, Shravasti Dhammika, Simon & Schuster, Suffering, Taṇhā, Taishō Tripiṭaka, Tathāgata, Tharpa Publications, Thích Nhất Hạnh, The unanswered questions, Theravada, Thomas Cleary, Three poisons (Buddhism), Trikaya, Udana, Vairocana, Vajra, Vietnamese people, Walpola Rahula, Zen. Expand index (41 more) » « Shrink index
Anthony Kennedy Warder (September 8, 1924 - January 8, 2013) was a scholar of Indology, mostly in Buddhist studies and related fields, such as the Pāḷi and Sanskrit languages.
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(Devanagari: अश्वघोष) (c. 80 – c. 150 CE) was an Indian philosopher-poet, born in Saketa in northern India to a Brahmin family.
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Aggañña Sutta is the 27th Sutta of the Digha Nikaya collection.
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Amitābha, also Amida or Amitāyus is a celestial buddha described in the scriptures of the Mahāyāna Buddhism.
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The Anguttara Nikaya (literally "Increased by One Collection," also translated "Gradual Collection" or "Numerical Discourses") is a Buddhist scripture, the fourth of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka, which is one of the "three baskets" that comprise the Pali Tipitaka of Theravada Buddhism.
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In Theravada Buddhism, an arhat (Sanskrit; Pali: arahant-; "one who is worthy") is a "perfected person" who has attained nirvana.
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In yoga, asana refers both to the place in which a practitioner (yogi if male, yogini if female) sits and the posture in which he or she sits.
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Asceticism (from the ἄσκησις áskēsis, "exercise" or "training") describes a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from worldly pleasures, often for the purpose of pursuing spiritual goals.
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Aṭṭhakathā (Pali for explanation, commentary) refers to Pali-language Theravadin Buddhist commentaries to the canonical Theravadin Tipitaka.
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Avidyā (Sanskrit; Pāli: avijjā; Tibetan phonetic: ma rigpa) is commonly translated as "ignorance" or "delusion".
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The Śūraṅgama Sūtra (Sanskrit) is a Mahayana Buddhist sutra that has been especially influential in Chan Buddhism.
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Śrāvaka (Sanskrit) or Sāvaka (Pali) means "hearer" or, more generally, "disciple".
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A bhikkhu (Pali, Sanskrit: bhikṣu) is an ordained monastic ("monk") in Buddhism.
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Bodhi (Sanskrit: बोधि; and Pali) in Buddhism is the understanding possessed by a Buddha regarding the true nature of things.
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In Buddhism, bodhicitta (बोधिचित्त; 菩提心, putixin; 菩提心, bodaishin; བྱང་ཆུབ་ཀྱི་སེམས་, Wylie transliteration: byang chub kyi sems; бодь сэтгэл; Vietnamese: Bồ-đề tâm), "enlightenment-mind", is the mind that strives toward awakening and compassion for the benefit of all sentient beings.
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In Mahayana Buddhism, bodhisattva is the Sanskrit term for a being with bodhi (enlightenment).
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Broadway Books, an imprint of the Crown Publishing Group, a Division of Random House, Inc., released its first list in Fall, 1996.
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Budai or Pu-Tai, or 布袋 (Hotei) in Japanese, Bố Đại in Vietnamese, is a Chinese folkloric deity.
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Buddha-nature or Buddha Principle refers to several related terms, most notably Tathāgatagarbha and Buddhadhātu.
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Buddhacharita ("Acts of the Buddha";, Devanagari बुद्धचरितम्) is an epic poem in the Sanskrit mahakavya style on the life of Gautama Buddha by Aśvaghoṣa, composed in the early second century CE.
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In Buddhism, buddhahood (बुद्धत्व; बुद्धत्त or बुद्धभाव) is the state of perfect enlightenment (सम्यक्सम्बोधि; सम्मासम्बोधि) attained by a buddha (or;; Pali/Sanskrit for "awakened one").
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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").
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Buddhism in Indonesia has a long history, with a considerable range of relics dated from its earlier years in Indonesia.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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David J Kalupahana was a Buddhist scholar from Sri Lanka.
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A deva (देव Sanskrit and Pāli) in Buddhism is one of many different types of non-human beings who share the characteristics of being more powerful, longer-lived, and, in general, much happier than humans, although none of them are worthy of worship.
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Dharma (धर्म dharma,; धम्म dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.
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The dharmachakra (IAST:; Pali dhammacakka; "Wheel of the Dharma"), is one of the Ashtamangala of Indian religions such as Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.
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The Dharmakāya (धर्मकाय; धम्मकाय, lit. "truth body" or "reality body") is one of the three bodies (trikaya) of the Buddha in Mahayana Buddhism.
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The Digha Nikaya (dīghanikāya; "Collection of Long Discourses") is a Buddhist scripture, the first of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka, which is one of the "three baskets" that compose the Pali Tipitaka of Theravada Buddhism.
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The Dona-sutta is a short Buddhist discourse between a brahmin and the Buddha concerning his nature or identity.
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The Ekavyāvahārika (Sanskrit: एकव्यावहारिक) was one of the early Buddhist schools, and is thought to have separated from the Mahāsāṃghika sect during the reign of Aśoka.
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The English term enlightenment is the western translation of the term bodhi, "awakening", which has entered the Western world via the 19th century translations of Max Müller.
In East Asian Buddhism the Buddha of the Lotus Sutra is regarded as the eternal Buddha.
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In Vajrayana Buddhism, the Five Dhyani Buddhas, also known as the Five Wisdom Tathāgatas, the Five Great Buddhas and the Five Jinas (Sanskrit for "conqueror" or "victor"), are representations of the five qualities of the Buddha.
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Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni, or simply the Buddha, was a sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
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Hsuan Hua (April 16, 1918 – June 7, 1995), also known as An Tzu and Tu Lun, was a monk of Chan Buddhism and a contributing figure in bringing Chinese Buddhism to the United States in the 20th century.
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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
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The Jātaka tales are a voluminous body of literature native to India concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha.
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Kalpa is a Sanskrit word (कल्प kalpa) meaning an aeon, or a relatively long period of time (by human calculation) in Hindu and Buddhist cosmology.
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The Khuddakapatha (Pali for "short passages"; abbreviated as "Khp") is a Buddhist scripture, the first collection of discourses (suttas) in the Khuddaka Nikaya of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism.
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Korean Buddhist sculpture is one of the major areas of Korean art.
The Kukkuṭika (Sanskrit) were an early Buddhist school which descended from the Mahāsāṃghika.
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Lao Buddhist sculptures were created by the Lao people of Southeast Asia.
The people described below have claimed to have attained enlightenment and become buddhas, claimed to be manifestations of bodhisattvas, identified themselves as Gautama Buddha or been honored as buddhas or bodhisattvas.
In countries where Theravāda Buddhism is practiced by the majority of people (Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand), it is customary for Buddhists to hold elaborate festivals, especially during the fair weather season, paying homage to the 28 Buddhas described in the Buddhavamsa.
The Lokottaravāda (Sanskrit) was one of the early Buddhist schools according to Mahayana doxological sources compiled by Bhāviveka, Vinitadeva and others, and was a subgroup which emerged from the Mahāsāṃghika.
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The Mahāparinibbāṇa Sutta is Sutta 16 in the Digha Nikaya, a scripture belonging the Sutta Pitaka of Theravada Buddhism.
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Mahāyāna (महायान mahāyāna, literally the "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, under some classifications) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.
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The Mahāsāṃghika (Sanskrit "of the Great Sangha") was one of the early Buddhist schools.
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The Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra or Nirvana Sutra is a Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit text which is one of the Tathāgatagarbha sūtras of Mahāyāna Buddhism.
Maitreya (Sanskrit), Metteyya (Pali), Maitri (Sinhalese), Jampa or Di-lặc (Vietnamese), is regarded as a future Buddha of this world in Buddhist eschatology.
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The Majjhima Nikaya (-nikāya; "Collection of Middle-length Discourses") is a Buddhist scripture, the second of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka, which is one of the "three baskets" that compose the Pali Tipitaka of Theravada Buddhism.
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Mankiala (also known as Manikyala and Manikiyala) is a village in the Potohar plateau, Punjab near Rawalpindi, Pakistan, known for its Buddhist stupa.
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The Milinda Panha (Pali trans. "Questions of Milinda") is a Buddhist text which dates from approximately 100 BCE.
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A mudra (Sanskrit, "seal", "mark", or "gesture"; THL chakgya) is a symbolic or ritual gesture in Hinduism and Buddhism.
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(निर्वाण nirvāna ; निब्बान nibbāna ; णिव्वाण ṇivvāṇa ) literally means "blown out", as in a candle.
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Nirvana (Sanskrit, also; Pali: nibbana, nibbāna ) is the earliest and most common term used to describe the goal of the Buddhist path.
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Omniscience, mainly in religion, is the capacity to know everything that there is to know.
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Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.
Pali is a Prakrit language native to the Indian subcontinent.
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The Pāli Canon (Pali: Tipitaka) is the standard collection of scriptures in the Theravadan Buddhist tradition, as preserved in the Pāli language.
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The physical characteristics of the Buddha refers to the general appearance and characteristics of Gautama Buddha's physical body.
A Pratyekabuddha (प्रत्येकबुद्ध) or paccekabuddha, literally "a lone buddha", "a buddha on their own" or "a private buddha", is one of three types of enlightened beings according to some schools of Buddhism.
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Traditional Tibetan thangka showing the bhavacakra and realms of saṃsāra Saṃsāra (Sanskrit), is the repeating cycle of birth, life and death (reincarnation) as well as one's actions and consequences in the past, present, and future in Hinduism, Buddhism, Bon, Jainism, Taoism, and Sikhism.
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The Sacred Books of the East is a monumental 50-volume set of English translations of Asian religious writings, edited by Max Müller and published by the Oxford University Press between 1879 and 1910.
Samādhi (Sanskrit: समाधि), also called samāpatti, in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and yogic schools is the last stage or ultimate stage of meditation, when the person is out of physical consciousness.
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Sangha (Pali: सङ्घ saṅgha; Sanskrit: संघ saṃgha;; Tibetan: དགེ་འདུན་ dge 'dun) is a word in Pali and Sanskrit meaning "association", "assembly," "company" or "community" and most commonly refers in Buddhism to the monastic community of ordained Buddhist monks or nuns.
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Sangharakshita (born August 26, 1925 as Dennis Philip Edward Lingwood) is a Buddhist teacher and writer, and founder of the Triratna Buddhist Community, which was known until 2010 as the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order, or FWBO.
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Sanskrit (Sanskrit: or, originally, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India.
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Sāvakabuddha is a Pali term used rarely in Theravada Buddhism to refer to an enlightened disciple of a Buddha.
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Bhante Shravasti Dhammika (born 1951 in Australia) is a Buddhist monk.
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Simon & Schuster, Inc., a division of CBS Corporation, is a publisher founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard L. Simon and M. Lincoln ("Max") Schuster.
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Suffering, or pain in a broad sense, may be an experience of unpleasantness and aversion associated with the perception of harm or threat of harm in an individual.
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(Pāli; Sanskrit:, also trishna) is a Buddhist term that literally means "thirst," and is commonly translated as craving or desire.
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The Taishō Tripiṭaka (Japanese: Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō; English: Taishō Revised Tripiṭaka) is a definitive edition of the Chinese Buddhist canon and its Japanese commentaries used by scholars in the 20th century.
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Tathāgata is a Pali and Sanskrit word; Gautama Buddha uses it when referring to himself in the Pāli Canon. The term is often thought to mean either "one who has thus gone" (tathā-gata) or "one who has thus come" (tathā-āgata). This is interpreted as signifying that the Tathāgata is beyond all coming and going – beyond all transitory phenomena. There are, however, other interpretations and the precise original meaning of the word is not certain.Chalmers, Robert. The Buddha is quoted on numerous occasions in the Pali Canon as referring to himself as the Tathāgata instead of using the pronouns me, I or myself. This may be meant to emphasize by implication that the teaching is uttered by one who has transcended the human condition, one beyond the otherwise endless cycle of rebirth and death, i.e. beyond dukkha. The term also occurs as a synonym for arhat, identifying one who has attained the ultimate in the holy life.Peter Harvey, The Selfless Mind. Curzon Press 1995 There is even a sense in which such a one is no longer human. "a tathāgata, a superior state of being (uttama-puriso)". In the new religious movement of Falun Gong; the Tathāgata of a realm is the highest level enlightened being that can still manifest on earth to interact with human beings in order to save them. Founder Li Hongzhi claimed that both Jesus and Laozi were Tathāgatas.Li Hongzhi, Zhuan Falun II. Minghui Press 2008.
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Tharpa Publications (Sanskrit for "liberation" and pronounced "Tar-pa") is "a major international and multilingual publisher of Buddhist books" by the Buddhist author and scholar Geshe Kelsang Gyatso.
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Thích Nhất Hạnh (born as Nguyen Xuan Bao on October 11, 1926) is a Vietnamese Buddhist monk, teacher, author, poet and peace activist.
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The phrase unanswered questions or undeclared questions (Sanskrit avyākṛta, Pali: avyākata - "unfathomable, unexpounded"), in Buddhism, refers to a set of common philosophical questions that Buddha refused to answer, according to Buddhist texts.
Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the teaching of the Pāli Canon, a collection of the oldest recorded Buddhist texts, as its doctrinal core, but also includes a rich diversity of traditions and practices that have developed over its long history of interactions with various cultures and communities.
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Thomas Cleary (born 1949) is a prolific author and translator of Buddhist, Taoist, Confucian and Muslim classics, and of the Chinese Art of War tradition of strategy and statecraft.
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The three poisons (Sanskrit: triviṣa; Tibetan: dug gsum) or the three unwholesome roots (Sanskrit: akuśala-mūla; Pāli: akusala-mūla), in Buddhism, refer to the three root kleshas of ignorance, attachment, and aversion.
The Trikāya doctrine (Sanskrit, literally "Three bodies"; 三身 Chinese: Sānshēn Vietnamese: Tam thân, Japanese: Sanjin or Sanshin) is a Mahayana Buddhist teaching on both the nature of reality and the nature of Buddhahood.
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The Udana (udāna) is a Buddhist scripture, part of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism.
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Vairocana (also Vairochana or Mahāvairocana, वैरोचन) is a celestial buddha who is often interpreted, in texts like the Flower Garland Sutra, as the Dharma Body of the historical Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama).
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Vajra is a Sanskrit word meaning both thunderbolt and diamond.
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The Vietnamese people or the Kinh people (người Việt or người Kinh) are an Asian ethnic group originating from present-day northern Vietnam and southern China.
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Walpola Rahula (1907–1997) was a Buddhist monk, scholar and writer.
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Zen (Middle Chinese) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chán. It was strongly influenced by Taoism, and developed as a distinguished Chinese style of Buddhism. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam, northeast to Korea and east to Japan, where it became known as Japanese Zen. Zen emphasizes rigorous meditation-practice, insight into Buddha-nature, and the personal expression of this insight in daily life, especially for the benefit of others. As such, it deemphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher. The teachings of Zen include various sources of Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogācāra, the Tathāgatagarbha Sutras and Huayan, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal. The Prajñāpāramitā literature and, to a lesser extent, Madhyamaka have also been influential in the shaping of the "paradoxical language" of the Zen-tradition.
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Anubuddha, Bhudda, Buddha (general), Buddhabhāva, Buddhas, Buddhatta, Buddhatva, Ramifications of the Buddha concept, Ramifications of the buddha concept, Sammasambuddha, Samyak-sam-Buddha, Samyaksam Buddha, Samyaksam-Buddha, Samyaksambuddha, Samyaksambuddhahood, Samyaksaṃbuddha, Samyksambuddha, Supreme Buddha, Three types of Buddha, Three types of buddha, Three types of enlightenment, Types of Buddha, Types of Buddhas.