511 relations: Aboadze, Abuja, Accidental Switch, Administrative divisions of New York (state), AFC East, AFL–NFL merger, African Americans, Agrarian society, Alan G. 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Aboadze is a town in the Western region of Ghana.
Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria located in the centre of the country within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).
Accidental Switch (also known as Killer Switch and A Mother's Revenge) is a 2016 American made-for-TV action thriller film written and directed by Fred Olen Ray and starring Jamie Luner, Steven Brand and Audrey Whitby.
The administrative divisions of New York are the various units of government that provide local government services in the state of New York.
The American Football Conference – Eastern Division or AFC East is a division of the National Football League (NFL)'s American Football Conference (AFC).
The AFL–NFL merger was the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States at the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL).
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
An agrarian society (or agricultural society) is any society whose economy is based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland.
Alan G. Hevesi (born January 31, 1940) is a Democratic politician and convicted felon who served as a New York State Assemblyman from 1971–93, as New York City Comptroller from 1994-2001, and as New York State Comptroller from 2003-06.
Albany is the capital of the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County.
The Albright–Knox Art Gallery is an art museum located at 1285 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo, New York, in Delaware Park.
All-High Stadium (Robert E. Rich All-High Stadium) is a football stadium in Buffalo, New York.
The Allentown district is a neighborhood in Buffalo, New York.
The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
"." Houston Business Journal.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL), the highest professional level of American football in the United States.
The American Football League (AFL) was a major professional American football league that operated for ten seasons from 1960 until 1969, when it merged with the older National Football League (NFL).
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The American Ship Building Company was the dominant shipbuilder on the Great Lakes before the Second World War.
Amherst is a town in Erie County, New York, United States.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
The Anchor Bar is a bar and restaurant in Buffalo, New York, located north of Downtown Buffalo at the intersection of Main and North Streets.
Andrew Mark Cuomo (born December 6, 1957) is an American politician, author, and lawyer serving as the 56th and current Governor of New York, since 2011.
Andrew Ellicott (January 24, 1754 – August 28, 1820) was a U.S. surveyor who helped map many of the territories west of the Appalachians, surveyed the boundaries of the District of Columbia, continued and completed Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's work on the plan for Washington, D.C., and served as a teacher in survey methods for Meriwether Lewis.
Angela Maria "Ani" DiFranco (born September 23, 1970) is an American singer, musician, poet, songwriter, and activist.
Anthony M. Masiello (born April 28, 1947) was Mayor of Buffalo, New York from 1994 to 2005.
The Appalachian Mountains (les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.
Arab cuisine (مطبخ عربي) is the cuisine of the Arabs, defined as the various regional cuisines spanning the Arab world, from the Maghreb to the Fertile Crescent and the Arabian Peninsula.
The Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) is an American global food processing and commodities trading corporation, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
United States area code 716 is an area code that is used for the western corner of New York, including Buffalo, Niagara Falls and the surrounding area.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.
Arthur O. Eve (born March 23, 1933) is a retired American politician who served as a Democratic member of the New York State Assembly (1967–2002) and Deputy Speaker of the Assembly (1979–2002) --> representing districts in Buffalo, New York.
Artvoice is an American online publication covering arts and news nationally and internationally.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
On September 6, 1901, William McKinley, the 25th President of the United States, was shot on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The National Hockey League has used the name Atlantic Division for two distinct groups of teams.
Śmigus-dyngus (also known as lany poniedziałek, meaning "Wet Monday" in Polish; Ukrainian: поливаний понеділок) is a celebration held on Easter Monday in Poland and Ukraine.
A back office in most corporations is where tasks building layout of early companies where the front office would contain the sales and other customer-facing staff and the back office would be those manufacturing or developing the products or those involved in administration without being seen by customers.
Baní is a capital town of the Peravia Province, Dominican Republic.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Batavia is a city in and the county seat of Genesee County, New York, United States.
The Battle of Buffalo (also known as the Battle of Black Rock) took place during the War of 1812 on December 30, 1813, in the State of New York, near the Niagara River.
The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars, encompass a series of conflicts fought intermittently during the 17th and 18th centuries in eastern North America.
A beef on weck is a sandwich found primarily in Western New York State, particularly in the city of Buffalo.
Best Friends is a 1982 American romantic comedy film starring Burt Reynolds and Goldie Hawn.
William "Billy" Sheehan (born March 19, 1953), is an American bassist known for his work with Talas, Steve Vai, David Lee Roth, Mr. Big, Niacin, and The Winery Dogs.
Bishop Timon – St.
The Black Rock Lock located in Buffalo, New York is in length and wide.
Black Rock, once an independent municipality, is now a neighborhood of the northwest section of the city of Buffalo, New York.
The blizzard of 1977 hit Western New York as well as Southern Ontario from January 28 to February 1.
The Boston Pops Orchestra is an American orchestra based in Boston, Massachusetts that specializes in playing light classical and popular music.
Box lacrosse, also known as boxla, box, or indoor lacrosse, is an indoor version of lacrosse played mostly in North America.
The Brass Era is an American term for the early period of automotive manufacturing, named for the prominent brass fittings used during this time for such things as lights and radiators.
Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts as part of coastal management or to protect an anchorage from the effects of both weather and longshore drift.
Brian Higgins (born October 6, 1959) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2005.
The British Army during the American Revolutionary War served for eight years in campaigns fought around the globe.
Bruce Almighty is a 2003 American fantasy comedy film directed by Tom Shadyac and written by Steve Koren, Mark O'Keefe and Steve Oedekerk.
Brutalist architecture flourished from 1951 to 1975, having descended from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century.
Buffalo '66 is a 1998 comedy-drama film that is writer-director Vincent Gallo's full-length motion picture debut.
The Buffalo Academy for Visual and Performing Arts, also known as BAVPA, is a magnet performing arts high school and part of Buffalo's public school system.
The Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens are botanical gardens located within South Park in Buffalo, New York, United States.
The Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park, formerly known as The Buffalo Naval and Servicemen's Park, is a museum on the shore of Lake Erie in Buffalo, New York.
The Buffalo Bandits are a professional box lacrosse team in the Eastern Division of the National Lacrosse League (NLL).
The Buffalo Beauts are a professional women's ice hockey team based in the city of Buffalo, New York.
Buffalo Billion is a New York state government project led by Governor Andrew Cuomo that aims to invest $1 billion in the Buffalo, New York area economy.
The Buffalo Bills are a professional American football team based in the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area.
The Buffalo Bisons are a professional Minor League Baseball team based in Buffalo, New York.
The Buffalo Bisons were a minor league baseball team based in Buffalo, New York, that played in the International Association for Professional Base Ball Players in 1878, 1887 and 1888.
The Buffalo Braves were an American professional basketball franchise based in Buffalo, New York.
"Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo." is a grammatically correct sentence in American English, often presented as an example of how homonyms and homophones can be used to create complicated linguistic constructs through lexical ambiguity.
The Buffalo Bulls are the intercollegiate athletic teams that represent the University at Buffalo (UB) in Buffalo, New York.
Buffalo Central Terminal is a historic former railroad station in Buffalo, New York.
The Buffalo City Court Building, named Frank A. Sedita City Court, for Buffalo mayor Frank A. Sedita, is a 10-story court house built in 1974 for the city of Buffalo, New York.
Buffalo City Hall is the seat for municipal government in the City of Buffalo, New York.
The Buffalo Creek Reservation was a tract of land surrounding Buffalo Creek in the central portion of Erie County, New York.
Buffalo Elementary School of Technology (formerly P.S. 6 and later Academic Challenge Center) is an elementary school located in Buffalo, New York.
Buffalo Harbor State Park is a state park and marina on the shore of Lake Erie in the city of Buffalo in Erie County, New York.
The Buffalo History Museum (founded as the Buffalo Historical Society, and later named the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society) is located at 1 Museum Court (formerly 25 Nottingham Court) in Buffalo, New York, just east of Elmwood Avenue and off of Nottingham Terrace, north of the Scajaquada Expressway, in the northwest corner of Delaware Park.
Buffalo Memorial Auditorium was an indoor arena in downtown Buffalo, New York.
Buffalo Metro Rail is the public transit rail system in Buffalo, New York, United States; it is operated by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA). The system consists of a single, long light rail line that runs for most of the length of Main Street (New York State Route 5) in the City of Buffalo, from KeyBank Center in Downtown Buffalo to the south campus of the University at Buffalo in the northeast corner of the city. The first section of the line opened in October 1984; the current system was completed in November 1986.
The Buffalo Museum of Science is a science museum located at Martin Luther King Jr. Park in Buffalo, New York, United States, northeast of the downtown district, near the Kensington Expressway.
Buffalo Niagara International Airport is in Cheektowaga, New York, United States, named after the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area.
The Buffalo Niagara Region is an economic region that is part of the Great Lakes region of North America, comprising much of Western New York in the United States.
The Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra is an American symphony orchestra located in Buffalo, New York.
Buffalo Public Schools serves approximately 34,000 students in Buffalo, New York, the second largest city in the state of New York.
Buffalo Rising is an online magazine founded by Newell Nussbaumer in 2003 as a way to cover grassroots movements, Urban planning and development, and activism in Buffalo, New York.
The Buffalo River drains a watershed in New York state, emptying into the eastern end of Lake Erie at the City of Buffalo.
The Buffalo Sabres are a professional ice hockey team based in Buffalo, New York.
The Buffalo Savings Bank is a neoclassical, Beaux–Arts style bank branch building located at 1 Fountain Plaza in downtown Buffalo, New York.
Buffalo Seminary (SEM) is an independent, private, college preparatory day and boarding school for girls in Buffalo, New York, United States.
The State University College at Buffalo, also known as Buffalo State College, Buffalo State, or simply Buff State, is a public college in Buffalo, New York, United States that is part of the State University of New York (SUNY) system.
The Buffalo Theatre District in downtown Buffalo, New York is the center of Buffalo's theater scene that draws Broadway shows that are in preview stage or on tour and is bounded roughly by Washington, Tupper, Pearl and Chippewa Streets.
A Buffalo wing, in the cuisine of the United States, is an unbreaded chicken wing section (flat or drumette) that is generally deep-fried then coated in a sauce consisting of a vinegar-based cayenne pepper hot sauce and melted butter prior to serving.
Founded in 1875, the Buffalo Zoo, located at 300 Parkside Ave in Buffalo, New York, is the third oldest zoo in the United States.
The Buffalo, Bradford and Pittsburgh Railroad was formed on February 26, 1859, by the merger of the Buffalo and Pittsburgh Railroad and the Buffalo and Bradford Railroad.
Buffalo–Depew is an Amtrak train station in Depew, New York.
Buffalo–Exchange Street is an Amtrak station in Buffalo, New York.
The Buffalo-Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area, designated by the United States Census Bureau, encompassing two counties – Erie and Niagara – in Western New York, with a population, as of the 2010 census, of 1,135,509 inhabitants.
The Burchfield Penney Art Center, or just the Burchfield Penney, is an arts and educational institution part of Buffalo State College, located adjacent to the main campus in Buffalo, New York, United States.
The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) of the United States Department of Commerce is a U.S. government agency that provides official macroeconomic and industry statistics, most notably reports about the gross domestic product (GDP) of the United States and its various units—states, cities/towns/townships/villages/counties and metropolitan areas.
Burgard Vocational High School is a vocational high school located in Buffalo, New York, USA.
Bursa is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region.
Byron William Brown II (born September 24, 1958) is the 62nd and current mayor of Buffalo, New York, elected on November 8, 2005 and is the City's first African-American mayor.
In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign (also known as a call name or call letters—and historically as a call signal—or abbreviated as a call) is a unique designation for a transmitter station.
Calvert Vaux (December 20, 1824 – November 19, 1895) was a British-American architect and landscape designer.
The Canada–United States border, officially known as the International Boundary, is the longest international border in the world between two countries.
Canadian Bacon is a 1995 American comedy film written, produced, and directed by Michael Moore which satirizes Canada–United States relations along the Canada–United States border.
Canalside is a historic district within Buffalo, New York that was once the western terminus of the Erie Canal.
Canisius College was founded in 1870 by members of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) from Germany and is named after St. Peter Canisius.
The Canisius College Golden Griffins are composed of 16 teams representing Canisius College in intercollegiate athletics.
Canisius High School is a Roman Catholic, Jesuit, private high school for young men, located at 1180 Delaware Avenue in Buffalo, New York, United States, just north of the Delaware Avenue Historic District.
Cape Coast, or Cabo Corso, is a city, fishing port, and the capital of Cape Coast Metropolitan District and Central Region of south Ghana.
Caribbean cuisine is a fusion of African, (Caribbean.). Accessed July 2011.
Carnegie Hall (but more commonly) is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east side of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park.
CBC Television (also known as simply "CBC") is a Canadian English-language broadcast television network that is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952. Its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé. Headquartered at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. Almost all of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free.
CBLT-DT, virtual channel 5 (UHF digital channel 20), is the flagship station of the English language service of CBC Television located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
CFTO-DT, VHF channel 9, is the flagship station of the CTV Television Network located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Changzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Jiangsu province of China.
In physical geography, a channel is a type of landform consisting of the outline of a path of relatively shallow and narrow body of fluid, most commonly the confine of a river, river delta or strait.
A charter school is a school that receives government funding but operates independently of the established state school system in which it is located.
Chautauqua County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of New York.
Cheektowaga is a town in Erie County, New York, United States.
Cheerios is an American brand of cereal manufactured by General Mills, consisting of pulverized oats in the shape of a solid torus.
Chester A. Kowal (August 17, 1904 – September 28, 1966) was an American politician, a basketball player, a boxer and a World War II veteran.
Chicago-style pizza refers to several different styles of pizza developed in Chicago.
Chinese cuisine is an important part of Chinese culture, which includes cuisine originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Coca-Cola Field (formerly Dunn Tire Park, North AmeriCare Park, Downtown Ballpark and Pilot Field) is a 16,907-seat baseball park in Buffalo, New York that hosted its first regular season baseball game on April 14, 1988, as the tenants of the facility, the Buffalo Bisons, defeated the Denver Zephyrs, 1–0.
A combined statistical area (CSA) is composed of adjacent metropolitan (MSA) and micropolitan statistical areas (µSA) in the United States and Puerto Rico that can demonstrate economic or social linkage.
The Connecticut Western Reserve was a portion of land claimed by the Colony of Connecticut and later by the state of Connecticut in what is now mostly the northeastern region of Ohio.
The Conservative Party of New York State is a political party in the United States founded in 1962 and active in the State of New York.
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century.
County and City Hall, also known as Erie County Hall, is a historic city hall and courthouse building located at Buffalo in Erie County, New York.
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish.
The CTV Television Network (commonly referred to as CTV) is an English-language broadcast television network in Canada launched in 1961.
A cuisine is a style of cooking characterized by distinctive ingredients, techniques and dishes, and usually associated with a specific culture or geographic region.
The cuisine of the United States reflects its history.
Cumulus Media, Inc. is an American broadcasting company and is the third largest owner and operator of AM and FM radio stations in the United States behind Entercom and iHeartMedia, Inc. As of July 1, 2017, Cumulus lists ownership of 446 stations in 90 media markets.
D'Youville College is a private, coeducational independent college in the Prospect Hill neighborhood on the West Side of Buffalo, New York.
The Dallas Stars are a professional ice hockey team based in Dallas.
Dart's Elevator was the world's first steam-powered grain elevator.
Darul Uloom Al-Madania is a private Islamic Seminary in Buffalo, New York that is devoted to producing Islamic scholars and Huffaz.
The Darwin D. Martin House Complex, also known as the Darwin Martin House National Historic Landmark, was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and built between 1903 and 1905.
Deindustrialization or deindustrialisation is a process of social and economic change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity or activity in a country or region, especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry.
Delaware North is a global food service and hospitality company headquartered in Buffalo, New York.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Depew is a village in Erie County, New York, United States.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Drohobych (Дрогóбич; Дрогобыч; Drohobycz; דראָהאָביטש) is a city of regional significance in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
The East Side is a large district of Buffalo.
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.
Edward M. Cotter is a fireboat in use by the Buffalo Fire Department at Buffalo, New York, United States.
Electric Tower (or General Electric Tower) is a historic office building and skyscraper located at the corner of Washington and Genesee Streets in Buffalo.
Entercom is a publicly traded American broadcasting company and radio network based in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania.
The Erie Canal is a canal in New York, United States that is part of the east–west, cross-state route of the New York State Canal System (formerly known as the New York State Barge Canal).
Erie Community College is a community college in New York.
Erie County Medical Center (ECMC) is a hospital with 550 beds located in the East Side of Buffalo, New York and a member of the Great Lakes Health System.
Erie County is a highly populated county in the U.S. state of New York.
The Erie people (also Erieehronon, Eriechronon, Riquéronon, Erielhonan, Eriez, Nation du Chat) were a Native American people historically living on the south shore of Lake Erie.
FC Buffalo is an American soccer team based in Buffalo, New York, United States.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors.
A fireboat is a specialized watercraft with pumps and nozzles designed for fighting shoreline and shipboard fires.
The First Treaty of Buffalo Creek signed on July 8, 1788 Phelps and Gorham purchased title to lands east from the Genesee River in New York to the Preemption Line.
Fish and chips is a hot dish of English origin consisting of fried battered fish and hot potato chips.
Forest Lawn Cemetery in Buffalo, New York was founded in 1849 by Charles E. Clarke.
Fort Erie is a town on the Niagara River in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada.
Fountain Plaza (formerly Huron) is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located in the 500 block of Main Street between Huron and Chippewa Streets.
The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized as FOX) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was an American landscape architect, journalist, social critic, and public administrator.
French cuisine consists of the cooking traditions and practices from France.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The phenomenon of slaves running away and seeking to gain freedom is as old as the institution of slavery itself.
The Gates Vascular Institute and the University at Buffalo‘s Clinical and Translational Research Center is a 10 story building at 875 Ellicott St, Buffalo, New York.
General Mills, Inc., is an American multinational manufacturer and marketer of branded consumer foods sold through retail stores.
Genesee County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.
The Genesee River is a tributary of Lake Ontario flowing northward through the Twin Tiers of Pennsylvania and New York in the United States.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories.
German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.
The cuisine of Germany has evolved as a national cuisine through centuries of social and political change with variations from region to region.
The Tesla Gigafactory 2 is a photovoltaic (PV) cell factory, leased by Tesla subsidiary SolarCity in Buffalo, New York.
The Golden Snowball Award is an annual award presented to the city in Upstate New York that receives the most snowfall in a season.
The Goo Goo Dolls (originally Sex Maggot) are an American rock band formed in 1986 in Buffalo, New York, by guitarist/vocalist Johnny Rzeznik, bassist/vocalist Robby Takac, and drummer George Tutuska.
A grain elevator is an agrarian facility complex designed to stockpile or store grain.
Grand Island is a town located in Erie County, New York, United States.
The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
The Great Lakes tectonic zone is bounded by South Dakota at its tip and heads northeast to south of Duluth, Minnesota, then heads east through northern Wisconsin, Marquette, Michigan, and then trends more northeasterly to skim the northern-most shores of lakes Michigan and Huron before ending in the Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, area.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
Greek cuisine (Ελληνική κουζίνα, Elliniki kouzina) is a Mediterranean cuisine.
Green Bay is a city in and the county seat of Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin, at the head of Green Bay, a sub-basin of Lake Michigan, at the mouth of the Fox River.
The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Grover Washington Jr. (December 12, 1943 – December 17, 1999) was an American jazz-funk / soul-jazz saxophonist.
HarborCenter is a mixed-use development in Buffalo, New York that was developed by Pegula Sports and Entertainment.
Hauts-de-France (translates to "Upper France" in English; Heuts-d'Franche) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy.
Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
Henry's Crime is a 2010 American romantic comedy film directed by Malcolm Venville and starring Keanu Reeves, Vera Farmiga, and James Caan.
Hide in Plain Sight is a 1980 American drama film directed by and starring James Caan with storyline based on an actual case from the files of New York attorney Salvatore R. Martoche who represented, Tom Leonard, a real life Buffalo, New York, victim who had sued to recover contact with his children estranged by the culpability of the new husband and government.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
Historically, the enslavement of overwhelmingly African people in the United States, began in New York as part of the Dutch slave trade.
Hockey is a sport in which two teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball or a puck into the opponent's goal using a hockey stick.
Holland is a region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands.
The Holland Land Company was an unincorporated syndicate of thirteen Dutch investors from Amsterdam who in 1792 and 1793 purchased the western two-thirds of the Phelps and Gorham Purchase, an area that afterward was known as the Holland Purchase.
Honeycomb toffee, sponge toffee, cinder toffee or hokey pokey is a sugary toffee with a light, rigid, sponge-like texture.
Horlivka (Го́рлівка), also known by its Russian name Gorlovka (Горловка) or Gorlowka, is a city of regional significance in the Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.
Hutchinson Central Technical High School, informally known as Hutch-Tech, is a high school in the City of Buffalo, New York.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Indian cuisine consists of a wide variety of regional and traditional cuisines native to the Indian subcontinent.
The International Joint Commission (Commission mixte internationale) is a bi-national organization established by the governments of the United States and Canada under the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909.
The International League (IL) is a Minor League Baseball league that operates in the eastern United States and is headquartered in Dublin, Ohio.
Interstate 190 (I-190, locally known as The One-Ninety) is a north–south auxiliary Interstate Highway that connects I-90 in Buffalo, New York with the Canada-U.S. border near Niagara Falls.
Interstate 90 (I-90) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Seattle, Washington, to Boston, Massachusetts.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States.
Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
Irish cuisine is the style of cooking that originated from Ireland, or was developed by the Irish people.
The Iroquois or Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse) are a historically powerful northeast Native American confederacy.
Italian cuisine is food typical from Italy.
James Donald "Jimmy" Griffin (June 29, 1929 – May 25, 2008) was an American politician who served in the New York State Senate (56th District, 1967–77) and then for 16 years as the Mayor of Buffalo, New York (1978–93).
Japanese cuisine encompasses the regional and traditional foods of Japan, which have developed through centuries of social and economic changes.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jazz fusion (also known as fusion) is a musical genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined aspects of jazz harmony and improvisation with styles such as funk, rock, rhythm and blues, and Latin jazz.
Jewish cuisine is a diverse collection of cooking traditions of the Jewish people worldwide.
Captain John Montresor (22 April 1736 – June 1799) was a British military engineer and cartographer in North America.
Joseph Dart (1799–1876) was an American lawyer, businessman and an entrepreneur associated with the grain industry.
Joseph Ellicott (November 1, 1760 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania – August 19, 1826 in New York City) was an American surveyor, city planner, land office agent, lawyer and politician of the Quaker faith.
View of Oishei Children's Hospital from Ellicott Street Kaleida Health, founded in 1998, is a not-for-profit healthcare network that manages five hospitals in the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area.
is a city located in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan.
The Karen, Kayin, Kariang or Yang people (ကညီကလုာ်, ကရင်လူမျိုး,; Per Ploan Poe or Ploan in Pwo Karen and Pwa Ka Nyaw or Kanyaw in Sgaw Karen; กะเหรี่ยง) refer to a number of individual Sino-Tibetan language speaking ethnic groups, many of which do not share a common language or culture.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kenmore is a village in Erie County, New York, United States.
KeyBank Center, formerly known as Marine Midland Arena, HSBC Arena and First Niagara Center, is a multipurpose indoor arena located in downtown Buffalo, New York.
Kielbasa or Kiełbasa is a type of sausage originating from Poland.
Kiryat Gat (קִרְיַת גַּת), is a city in the Southern District of Israel.
Kleinhans Music Hall is a 2,400 seat music venue located on Symphony Circle in Buffalo, New York.
Korean cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political change.
Labatt Brewing Company Limited (La Brasserie Labatt Limitée) is a Belgian-owned brewery in Canada, founded by John Kinder Labatt in 1847 in London, Ontario.
The Lackawanna Steel Company was an American steel manufacturing company that existed as an independent company from 1840 to 1922, and as a subsidiary of the Bethlehem Steel company from 1922 to 1983.
Lackawanna is a city in Erie County, New York, United States just south of the city of Buffalo in the western part of New York state.
Lacrosse is a team sport played with a lacrosse stick and a lacrosse ball.
Lactalis is a multinational dairy products corporation, owned by the Besnier family and based in Laval, Mayenne, France.
Lafayette High School was a public high school in Buffalo, New York.
Lafayette Square (formerly Court House Park or Courthouse Square) is a park in the center of downtown Buffalo, Erie County, New York, United States that hosts a Civil War monument.
A Lagerstätte (from Lager 'storage, lair' Stätte 'place'; plural Lagerstätten) is a sedimentary deposit that exhibits extraordinary fossils with exceptional preservation—sometimes including preserved soft tissues.
Lake Erie is the fourth-largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the eleventh-largest globally if measured in terms of surface area.
Lake freighters, or lakers, are bulk carrier vessels that ply the Great Lakes of North America.
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America.
The Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, established in 1833 and sometimes referred to as the Lake Shore, was a major part of the New York Central Railroad's Water Level Route from Buffalo, New York, to Chicago, Illinois, primarily along the south shore of Lake Erie (in New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio) and across northern Indiana.
The October 2006 Buffalo storm was an unusual early-season lake effect snow storm that hit the Buffalo, New York area and other surrounding areas of the United States and Canada, from the afternoon of Thursday October 12 through the morning of Friday October 13, 2006.
Lake Superior (Lac Supérieur; ᑭᑦᒉᐁ-ᑲᒣᐁ, Gitchi-Gami) is the largest of the Great Lakes of North America.
Le Griffon (The Griffin) was a 17th-century barque built by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle in his quest to find the Northwest Passage to China and Japan.
The Lehigh Valley Railroad was one of a number of railroads built in the northeastern United States primarily to haul anthracite coal.
Lemuria is an American rock band from Buffalo, New York, formed in 2004.
Leonard Pennario (July 9, 1924 – June 27, 2008) was an American classical pianist and composer.
Leonardo da Vinci High School is a high school in the lower west side of Buffalo, New York.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway, is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway (freeway or motorway), including limited or no access to adjacent property, some degree of separation of opposing traffic flow, use of grade separated interchanges to some extent, prohibition of some modes of transport such as bicycles or horses, and very few or no intersecting cross-streets.
This list of the 62 cities in New York State contains all municipalities incorporated as cities and also gives the primary county in which each city is located.
There are 62 counties in the state of New York.
The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities throughout the United States and in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
In 1853, the charter of the city was amended to include the town of Black Rock and the city proper was divided into thirteen wards.
The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined 383 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) for the United States and seven for Puerto Rico.
The following is a list of numbered state highways in the U.S. state of New York.
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States.
This is a list of urban areas in the United States as defined by the United States Census Bureau, ordered according to their 2010 census populations.
The Los Angeles Clippers, abbreviated by the team as the LA Clippers, are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles.
Louis Comfort Tiffany (February 18, 1848 – January 17, 1933) was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass.
Father Louis Hennepin, O.F.M. baptized Antoine, (12 May 1626 – 5 December 1704) was a Roman Catholic priest and missionary of the Franciscan Recollet order (French: Récollets) and an explorer of the interior of North America.
Louis Henry Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, and has been called the "father of skyscrapers" and "father of modernism".
Lukas Foss (August 15, 1922 – February 1, 2009) was a German-American composer, pianist, and conductor.
M&T Bank Corporation is a bank holding company headquartered in Buffalo, New York.
Macedonia Baptist Church, more commonly known as Michigan Street Baptist Church, is a historic African American Baptist church located at Buffalo in Erie County, New York.
In the U.S. education system, magnet schools are public schools with specialized courses or curricula.
Manna from Heaven is a 2002 film written by Gabrielle B. Burton and co-directed by her daughters Gabrielle C. Burton and Maria Burton.
Marília is a Brazilian municipality in the midwestern region of the state of São Paulo.
Marshall is a 2017 American biographical legal drama film directed by Reginald Hudlin and written by Michael and Jacob Koskoff.
Massena is a town in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States.
Median income is the amount that divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half having income above that amount, and half having income below that amount.
In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area.
MeTV (an abbreviation for Memorable Entertainment Television) is an American broadcast television network that is owned by Weigel Broadcasting and distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Mexican cuisine began about 9,000 years ago, when agricultural communities such as the Maya formed, domesticating maize, creating the standard process of corn nixtamalization, and establishing their foodways.
Michael Tilson Thomas (born December 21, 1944) is an American conductor, pianist and composer.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
Mount Mercy Academy is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Buffalo, New York within the Diocese of Buffalo.
The Mount Morris Dam is a concrete dam on the Genesee River.
Mount Morris is a town in Livingston County, New York, United States.
Muhanga is a district (akarere) in Rwanda.
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
MyNetworkTV (unofficially abbreviated as MyTV, MyNet, MNT or MNTV), is an American television network/syndication service that is owned by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox, operated by its Fox Television Stations division, and distributed through the syndication structure of 20th Television.
Nardin Academy was founded by the Daughters of the Heart of Mary in 1857.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
National Buffalo Wing Festival or wing fest is a weekend festival held at Coca-Cola Field in downtown Buffalo, New York, United States, celebrating the Buffalo style chicken wing.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance.
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
The National Lacrosse League (NLL) is a men's professional box lacrosse league in North America.
The National Premier Soccer League (NPSL) is an American soccer league commonly recognized as being a fourth tier league although it has been given no official designation by US Soccer.
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Buffalo, New York.
The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States Federal Government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information.
The National Women's Hockey League (NWHL) is an American women's professional ice hockey league, established in 2015 with four teams.
Native American studies (also known as American Indian, Indigenous American, Aboriginal, Native, or First Nations studies) is an interdisciplinary academic field that examines the history, culture, politics, issues, and contemporary experience of Native peoples in North America, or, taking a hemispheric approach, the Americas.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.
The Neutral Confederacy or Neutral Nation or Neutral people were a Iroquoian-speaking North American indigenous people who lived near the northern shores of Lake Ontario and Lake Erie, on the west side of the Niagara River, west of the Tabacco Nation.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
The New Era Cap Company is an American headwear company headquartered in Buffalo, New York.
New Era Field, originally Rich Stadium and later Ralph Wilson Stadium, is a stadium in Orchard Park, New York, a suburb south of Buffalo.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The New York Central Railroad was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States.
The New York Power Authority (NYPA), officially the Power Authority of the State of New York, is the largest state public power organization in the United States.
The New York State Assembly is the lower house of the New York State Legislature, the New York State Senate being the upper house.
The New York State Comptroller is a state cabinet officer of the U.S. state of New York and head of the New York state government's Department of Audit and Control.
The New York State Right to Life Party was founded to oppose the legalization of abortion in New York in 1970.
New York State Route 130 (NY 130) is a state highway entirely within Erie County, New York, in the United States.
New York State Route 198 (NY 198) is a state highway located entirely within the city of Buffalo, New York, in the United States.
New York State Route 265 (NY 265) is a long state highway located in the western part of New York in the United States.
New York State Route 266 (NY 266) is a state highway in Erie County, New York, in the United States.
New York State Route 33 (NY 33) is an east–west state highway in western New York in the United States.
New York State Route 354 (NY 354) is a state highway in New York in the United States.
New York State Route 5 (NY 5) is a state highway that extends for across the state of New York in the United States.
The New York State Senate is the upper house of the New York State Legislature, the New York State Assembly being the lower house.
New York-style pizza is pizza made with a characteristically large hand-tossed thin crust, often sold in wide slices to go.
Niagara County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.
Niagara Falls is the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the international border between the Canadian province of Ontario and the American state of New York.
The Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA) is a public authority responsible for the public transportation oversight of Erie and Niagara counties in the state of New York.
The Niagara River is a river that flows north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.
Niagara Square is a public square located at the intersections of Delaware Avenue, Court Street, Genesee Street, and Niagara Street in Buffalo, New York.
Niagara-on-the-Lake is a town in Ontario, Canada.
Nichols School is a private, non-denominational, co-educational college-preparatory day school in Buffalo, New York, United States.
Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is an American firm that measures media audiences, including television, radio, theatre films (via the AMC Theatres MAP program) and newspapers.
Nonsectarian institutions are secular institutions or other organizations not affiliated with or restricted to a particular religious group.
Nord (North; Noorderdepartement) is a department in the far north of France.
North Tonawanda is a city in Niagara County, New York, United States.
The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.
From November 13–21, 2014, a potent winter storm and particularly severe lake-effect snowstorm (given the code name Knife by local governments and colloquially nicknamed Snowvember) affected the United States, originating from the Pacific Northwest on November 13, which brought copious amounts of lake-effect snow to the Central US and New England from November 15 until November 21, when the system departed the East Coast of the United States.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
The NYPL Digital Gallery is a digital archive created by the New York Public Library that provides free access to a large collection of over 500,000 digitized images, the majority of which are in the public domain.
One Seneca Tower is a skyscraper located in downtown Buffalo, New York.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Ontario Power Generation Inc. (OPG) is a Crown corporation wholly owned by the Government of Ontario.
Orchard Park is an affluent town in Erie County, New York, United States, and a suburb southeast of Buffalo.
Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleoamericans is a classification term given to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period.
The Pan-American Exposition was a World's Fair held in Buffalo, New York, United States, from May 1 through November 2, 1901.
A panorama (formed from Greek πᾶν "all" + ὅραμα "sight") is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film, seismic images or a three-dimensional model.
A pastry heart is a regional dessert item found in the Western New York area, with Buffalo credited as the place it was first created.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
The Peace Bridge is an international bridge between Canada and the United States at the east end of Lake Erie at the source of the Niagara River, about upriver of Niagara Falls.
Pentimento is an American punk rock band from Buffalo, New York.
Peter Buell Porter (August 14, 1773 – March 20, 1844) was an American lawyer, soldier and politician who served as United States Secretary of War from 1828 to 1829.
The Phelps and Gorham Purchase was the purchase in 1788 of of land in what is now western New York State from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for $1,000,000 (£300,000), to be paid in three annual installments, and the pre-emptive right to the title on the land from the Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy for $5000 (£12,500).
The Philadelphia Flyers are a professional ice hockey team based in Philadelphia.
Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company was an American automobile manufacturer based in Buffalo, New York, which was active from 1901 to 1938.
Pierogi (singular pieróg), also known as varenyky, are filled dumplings of Eastern European origin made by wrapping unleavened dough around a savory or sweet filling and cooking in boiling water.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
Polish cuisine is a style of cooking and food preparation originating in or widely popular in Poland.
The Presidents' Trophy (Trophée des présidents) is an award presented by the National Hockey League (NHL) to the team that finishes with the most points (i.e. best record) during the NHL regular season.
Professional sports, as opposed to amateur sports, are sports in which athletes receive payment for their performance.
Promised Land is a 2012 American drama film directed by Gus Van Sant and starring Matt Damon, John Krasinski, Frances McDormand and Hal Holbrook.
The Guaranty Building, now called the Prudential Building, is an early skyscraper in Buffalo, New York.
The Quaternary glaciation, also known as the Quaternary Ice Age or Pleistocene glaciation, is a series of glacial events separated by interglacial events during the Quaternary period from 2.58 Ma (million years ago) to present.
The Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario linking Toronto with the Niagara Peninsula and Buffalo, New York.
Rail transportation in the United States consists primarily of freight shipments, while passenger service, once a large and vital part of the nation's passenger transportation network, plays a limited role as compared to transportation patterns in many other countries.
The Rand Building is a skyscraper and the third tallest building in Buffalo, New York.
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, or Robert de La Salle (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French explorer.
Republic Steel was once the third largest steel producer in the United States.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Rich Products Corporation (also known as Rich's) is a privately held, multinational food products corporation headquartered in Buffalo, New York.
The Richardson Olmsted Campus in Buffalo, New York, United States was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986.
Rick James (born James Ambrose Johnson Jr. February 1, 1948August 6, 2004) was an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and producer.
Riverside Institute of Technology (formerly known as Riverside High School) is a public high school located in Buffalo, New York.
Robert Dunbar (December 13, 1812 – September 18, 1890) was a mechanical engineer.
Robert Morris, Jr. (January 20, 1734 – May 8, 1806), a Founding Father of the United States, was an English-born American merchant who financed the American Revolution, oversaw the striking of the first coins of the United States, and signed the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, and the United States Constitution.
Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center (founded 1898) is a cancer research and treatment center located in Buffalo, New York and founded by Dr. Roswell Park.
The Rust Belt is a region of the United States, made up mostly of places in the Midwest and Great Lakes, though the term may be used to include any location where industry declined starting around 1980.
Rzeszów (Ряшiв, Ŕašiv; Resche (antiquated); Resovia; ריישע, rayshe) is the largest city in southeastern Poland, with a population of 189,637 (01.03.2018).
Saint Ann's Bay is a settlement in Jamaica, the capital of Saint Ann Parish.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway (la Voie Maritime du Saint-Laurent) is a system of locks, canals, and channels in Canada and the United States that permits oceangoing vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes of North America, as far inland as the western end of Lake Superior.
Scajaquada Creek is a stream in Erie County, New York, United States.
Scalping is the act of cutting or tearing a part of the human scalp, with hair attached, from the head of an enemy as a trophy.
The Seneca are a group of indigenous Iroquoian-speaking people native to North America who historically lived south of Lake Ontario.
Sharknado 2: The Second One is a 2014 American sci-fi comedy disaster film and a sequel to the 2013 television film Sharknado and the second installment in the Sharknado film series.
Shea's Performing Arts Center (originally Shea's Buffalo) is a theater for touring Broadway musicals and special events in Buffalo, New York.
Siena (in English sometimes spelled Sienna; Sena Iulia) is a city in Tuscany, Italy.
Sister Cities International (SCI) is a nonprofit citizen diplomacy network that creates and strengthens partnerships between communities in the United States and those in other countries, particularly through the establishment of "sister cities".
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Sisters of Charity Hospital is a general medical and surgical hospital founded in 1848 by the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, and the oldest hospital in Buffalo, New York.
SkyscraperPage is an internet forum for skyscraper hobbyists and enthusiasts that tracks existing and proposed skyscrapers around the world.
Sloan is a village in Erie County, New York, United States.
Snapcase is an American hardcore punk band, from Buffalo, New York, United States.
Social conservatism is the belief that society is built upon a fragile network of relationships which need to be upheld through duty, traditional values and established institutions.
The Soo Locks (sometimes spelled Sault Locks, but pronounced "sue") are a set of parallel locks which enable ships to travel between Lake Superior and the lower Great Lakes.
Soul food is a variety of cuisine originating in the Southeastern United States.
South Park High School is a high school located in Buffalo, New York.
The Southern Great Lakes Seismic Zone is a zone of low to moderate seismic activity surrounding Lake Erie and Lake Ontario in Canada and the United States.
The Southern Tier is the counties of New York west of the Catskill Mountains along the northern border of Pennsylvania.
The Southtowns (also known as the Buffalo Southtowns, the South Towns, or Southtown) is a region of Western New York, United States, that lies within the snowbelt or ski country and includes the southern suburbs of Buffalo, New York.
Spectrum News (formerly Time Warner Cable News) is the brand for a slate of American cable news television channels that are owned by Charter Communications through its acquisition of Time Warner Cable in May 2016.
Spectrum News Buffalo (formerly Time Warner Cable News Buffalo) is an American cable news television channel that is owned by Charter Communications, as an affiliate of its Spectrum News slate of regional news channels.
Spyro Gyra is an American jazz fusion band that was formed in Buffalo, New York in 1974.
Squeaky Wheel Film & Media Art Center is an artist-run, non-profit, media arts center based in Buffalo, New York.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
The State University of New York (SUNY) is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York, United States.
Student–teacher ratio or student–faculty ratio is the number of students who attend a school or university divided by the number of teachers in the institution.
The State University of New York Press (or SUNY Press), is a university press and a Center for Scholarly Communication.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL).
Super Bowl XXV was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Buffalo Bills and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion New York Giants to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1990 season.
Super Bowl XXVI was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Washington Redskins and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Buffalo Bills to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1991 season.
Super Bowl XXVII was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Buffalo Bills and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Dallas Cowboys to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1992 season.
Super Bowl XXVIII was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Dallas Cowboys and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Buffalo Bills to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1993 season.
Syracuse University Press, founded in 1943, is a university press that is part of Syracuse University.
The Taste of Buffalo held annually in Buffalo, New York is presented by Tops Supermarkets and is the largest two-day food festival in the United States.
Terrence M. "Terry" Pegula (born March 27, 1951) is an American multi-billionaire who holds business interests in natural gas development, real estate, entertainment and professional sports.
Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors) was founded in 2003, and is an American multinational corporation based in Palo Alto, California, that specializes in electric vehicles, lithium-ion battery energy storage and solar panel manufacturing (through the subsidiary company SolarCity).
Thai cuisine (อาหารไทย) is the national cuisine of Thailand.
The American Side is a 2016 film starring Greg Stuhr and Matthew Broderick.
The Buffalo News is the daily newspaper of the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area, located at 1 News Plaza in Downtown Buffalo, New York.
The CW Television Network (commonly referred to as just The CW) is an American English-language broadcast television network that is operated by the CW Network, LLC, a limited liability joint venture between CBS Corporation, the former owners of United Paramount Network (UPN), and Warner Bros. Entertainment, former majority owner of The WB.
The Natural is a 1984 American sports drama film adaptation of Bernard Malamud's 1952 baseball novel of the same name, directed by Barry Levinson and starring Robert Redford, Glenn Close, and Robert Duvall.
The Quakes are a psychobilly band from Buffalo, NY.
The Savages is a 2007 American comedy-drama film written and directed by Tamara Jenkins.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site preserves the Ansley Wilcox House, at 641 Delaware Avenue in Buffalo, New York.
A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm, lightning storm, or thundershower, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning and its acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere, known as thunder.
Time Warner Cable (TWC) was an American cable television company.
Toledo is a city in and the county seat of Lucas County, Ohio, United States.
A tomahawk is a type of single-handed ax from North America, traditionally resembling a hatchet with a straight shaft.
Tonawanda (formally City of Tonawanda, from Tahnawá•teh meaning "confluent stream" in TuscaroraRudes, B. Tuscarora English Dictionary Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999) is a city in Erie County, New York, United States.
Tonawanda (formally, the Town of Tonawanda) is a town in Erie County, New York, United States.
Tonawanda Engine is a General Motors engine factory in Buffalo, New York.
Tops Friendly Markets is an American supermarket chain based in Williamsville, New York, with stores in New York, Vermont, and northern Pennsylvania.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario.
Torremaggiore is a town, comune (municipality) and double former bishopric and present Catholic titular see, in the province of Foggia in the Apulia (in Italian: Puglia), region of southeast Italy.
Townsquare Media, Inc. (formerly Regent Communications until 2010) is an American radio network and media company based in Greenwich, Connecticut.
Transshipment or transhipment is the shipment of goods or containers to an intermediate destination, then to yet another destination.
Treaty of Big Tree was a formal treaty signed in 1797 between the Seneca Nation and the United States in which the Seneca relinquished their rights to nearly all of their traditional homeland in New York State— nearly 3.5 million acres.
The Treaty of Fort Stanwix was a treaty finalized on October 22, 1784, between the United States and Native Americans from the six nations of the Iroquois League.
Tuck Everlasting is a 1981 American film based on Natalie Babbitt's 1975 children's book of the same title.
Tver (p; IPA: tvʲerʲi) is a city and the administrative center of Tver Oblast, Russia.
U.S. Highway 20 (US 20) is an east–west United States highway that stretches from the Pacific Northwest all the way to New England.
U.S. Route 219 is a spur of U.S. Route 19.
U.S. Route 62 or U.S. Highway 62 (US 62) runs from the Mexico-US border at El Paso, Texas, to Niagara Falls, New York, near the Canada–US border.
The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early to mid-19th century, and used by African-American slaves to escape into free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
United States Attorneys (also known as chief federal prosecutors and, historically, as United States District Attorneys) represent the United States federal government in United States district courts and United States courts of appeals.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States District Court for the Western District of New York (in case citations, W.D.N.Y.) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the western parts of Upstate New York.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States Numbered Highway System (often called U.S. Routes or U.S. Highways) is an integrated network of roads and highways numbered within a nationwide grid in the contiguous United States.
Unity Island is an approximately island separating the Niagara River and the Black Rock Canal, located within the city limits of Buffalo, New York.
The State University of New York at Buffalo is a public research university with campuses in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, United States.
Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom, urban renewal or urban redevelopment in the United States) is a program of land redevelopment in cities, often where there is urban decay.
Vamping is a 1984 film about a down-on-his-luck saxophonist who agrees to help rob the home of a rich widow, then unexpectedly falls for the woman.
Veolia Water (formerly Vivendi Water, originally Compagnie Générale des Eaux), is the water division of the French company Veolia Environnement and the world's largest supplier of water services.
Vietnamese cuisine encompasses the foods and beverages of Vietnam, and features a combination of five fundamental tastes (Vietnamese: ngũ vị) in the overall meal.
Vincent Gallo (born April 11, 1961) is an American actor, director, model, musician and painter.
War Memorial Stadium (affectionately known as The Rockpile) was an outdoor stadium in the northeast United States in Buffalo, New York.
Waukesha is a city in and the county seat of Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States.
WBBZ-TV, virtual channel 67 (VHF digital channel 7), is a MeTV-affiliated television station serving Buffalo, New York, United States that is licensed to Springville.
WBFO is the NPR member station for Buffalo, New York, carrying an almost entirely public news/talk format.
The Wenrohronon or the Wenro People, were an Iroquoian Amerindian people of North America, originally residing in present-day western New York (and possibly fringe portions of northern & northwestern Pennsylvania) who were conquered by the Confederation of the Five Nations of the Iroquois in two decisive wars between 1638-1639 and 1643— probably as part of the Iroquois campaign against their likely relatives and abutting neighbors, the Neutral people which lived across the Niagara River.
West Seneca is a town in Erie County, New York, United States.
Western New York is the westernmost region of the state of New York.
WGRZ, virtual channel 2 (UHF digital channel 33), is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Buffalo, New York, United States.
Wheaties is a brand of General Mills breakfast cereal.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897 until his assassination in September 1901, six months into his second term.
Williamsville is a village in Erie County, New York, in the United States.
WIVB-TV, virtual channel 4 (UHF digital channel 32), is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Buffalo, New York, United States.
WKBW-TV, virtual channel 7 (UHF digital channel 38), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Buffalo, New York, United States and owned by the E. W. Scripps Company.
WNED-TV, virtual channel 17 (UHF digital channel 43), is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to Buffalo, New York, United States.
WNLO, virtual channel 23 (UHF digital channel 32), is a CW-affiliated television station licensed to Buffalo, New York, United States.
WNYO-TV, virtual and UHF digital channel 49, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Buffalo, New York, United States.
In the classification of Archaeological cultures of North America, the Woodland period of North American pre-Columbian cultures spanned a period from roughly 1000 BCE to European contact in the eastern part of North America, with some archaeologists distinguishing the Mississippian period, from 1000 CE to European contact as a separate period.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
WUTV, virtual channel 29 (UHF digital channel 14), is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Buffalo, New York, United States.
The Wyandot people or Wendat, also called the Huron Nation and Huron people, in most historic references are believed to have been the most populous confederacy of Iroquoian cultured indigenous peoples of North America.
Wyoming County is a county in the U.S. state of New York in the state's western area.
Yeongcheon is a city in North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.
ZIP Codes are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS) since 1963.
The 1964 American Football League Championship Game was the American Football League's fifth championship game, played at War Memorial Stadium in Buffalo, New York, on Saturday, December 26.
The 1965 American Football League Championship Game was the sixth AFL championship game, played on December 26 at Balboa Stadium in San Diego, California.
The 1992 season is the 6th season of the league that began on December 27, 1991, and concluded with the championship game on April 11, 1992.
The 1993 Major Indoor Lacrosse League season is the 7th season of the league that began on January 9, 1993, and concluded with the championship game on April 10.
The 1996 season is the 10th season of the league that began on December 30, 1995, and concluded with the championship game on April 12, 1996.
The 1997 International League season took place from April to September 1997.
The 1998 International League season took place from April to September 1998.
The International League season took place between April and September 2004.
The 2008 National Lacrosse League season, the 22nd in the history of the NLL, began on December 29, 2007 and concluded with the Buffalo Bandits winning the championship game over the Portland LumberJax on May 17, 2008.
The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
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