88 relations: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Alkaloid, Amazon rainforest, Anadenanthera colubrina, Anadenanthera peregrina, Anxiety, Aphrodisiac, Asiatic toad, Australia, Blood, Brain, Brainstem, Brosimum, Bufo, Bufotoxin, Cardiac glycoside, Cerebral cortex, Chinese edible frog, Cohoba, Colorado River toad, Controlled Substances Act, Cyanosis, Czech Technical University in Prague, Digoxin, Drug Enforcement Administration, Endogeny (biology), Excretion, First pass effect, Free base, Harris Isbell, Heart, Heinrich Otto Wieland, Hypothalamus, Insufflation (medicine), Intramuscular injection, Intravenous therapy, Itapotihyla langsdorffii, Jonathan Ott, Lexington, Kentucky, List of entheogenic/hallucinogenic species, Liver, Lung, Lysergic acid diethylamide, Mammal, Manaus slender-legged tree frog, Mass spectrometry, Mescaline, Mesoamerica, Metabolite, Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, ..., Monoamine oxidase, Mouth, Mucuna pruriens, Mushroom, N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, Neurotransmitter, NPR, Osteocephalus oophagus, Oxalate, Parotoid gland, Phytochemistry, Plant, Psilocin, Psychedelic drug, Psychoactive drug, PubChem, Rainforest, Recreational drug use, Rectum, Schizophrenia Research, Secretion, Seed, Serotonin, Slender-legged tree frogs, Smoking, Snuff (tobacco), Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons, Striatum, Subcutaneous injection, Sublingual administration, Tryptamine, United Kingdom, United States, West Indies, World War I, 5-HO-DiPT, 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid, 5-MeO-DMT. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
The Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica is a Scandinavian peer-reviewed medical journal containing original research, systematic reviews etc.
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; Forêt amazonienne; Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.
Anadenanthera colubrina (also known as vilca, huilco, huilca, wilco, willka, curupay, curupau, cebil, or angico) is a South American tree closely related to Yopo, or Anadenanthera peregrina.
Anadenanthera peregrina, also known as yopo, jopo, cohoba, parica or calcium tree, is a perennial tree of the genus Anadenanthera native to the Caribbean and South America.
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.
An aphrodisiac or love drug is a substance that increases libido when consumed.
The Asiatic toad or Chusan Island toad (Bufo gargarizans) is a species of toad endemic to East Asia.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.
The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.
Brosimum is a genus of plants in the mulberry family, Moraceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas.
Bufo is a large genus of about 150 species of true toads in the amphibian family Bufonidae.
Bufotoxins are a family of toxic steroid lactones.
Cardiac glycosides are a class of organic compounds that increase the output force of the heart and decrease its rate of contractions by acting on the cellular sodium-potassium ATPase pump.
The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.
The Chinese edible frog, East Asian bullfrog, or Taiwanese frog (Hoplobatrachus rugulosus) is a species of frog in the Dicroglossidae family.
Cohoba is an old Taíno Indian transliteration for a ceremony in which the ground seeds of the cojóbana tree were inhaled in a twin-nasal, Y-shaped pipe (also called Cohoba), producing a psychedelic effect.
The Colorado River toad (Incilius alvarius), also known as the Sonoran Desert toad, is found in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States.
The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) is the statute establishing federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use, and distribution of certain substances is regulated.
Cyanosis is defined as the bluish or purplish discolouration of the skin or mucous membranes due to the tissues near the skin surface having low oxygen saturation.
Czech Technical University in Prague (České vysoké učení technické v Praze, ČVUT) is one of the largest universities in the Czech Republic, and is one of the oldest institutes of technology in Central Europe.
Digoxin, sold under the brand name Lanoxin among others, is a medication used to treat various heart conditions.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and use within the United States.
Endogenous substances and processes are those that originate from within an organism, tissue, or cell.
Excretion is the process by which metabolic waste is eliminated from an organism.
The first pass effect (also known as first-pass metabolism or presystemic metabolism) is a phenomenon of drug metabolism whereby the concentration of a drug is greatly reduced before it reaches the systemic circulation.
Free base (freebase, free-base) is the conjugate base (deprotonated) form of an amine, as opposed to its conjugate acid (protonated) form.
Harris Isbell, M.D. (June 7, 1910 – December 23, 1994) was the director of research for the NIMH Addiction Research Center at the Public Health Service Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky from 1945 to 1963.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Heinrich Otto Wieland (4 June 1877 – 5 August 1957) was a German chemist.
The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.
Insufflation (lit) is the act of blowing something (such as a gas, powder, or vapor) into a body cavity.
Intramuscular (also IM or im) injection is the injection of a substance directly into muscle.
Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).
Itapotihyla langsdorffii (common name: ocellated treefrog) is a species of frog in the Hylidae family.
Jonathan Ott (born 1949 in Hartford, Connecticut) is an ethnobotanist, writer, translator, publisher, natural products chemist and botanical researcher in the area of entheogens and their cultural and historical uses, and helped coin the term "entheogen".
Lexington, consolidated with Fayette County and often denoted as Lexington-Fayette, is the second-largest city in Kentucky and the 60th-largest city in the United States.
This is a list of species and genera that are used as entheogens or are used in an entheogenic concoction (such as ayahuasca).
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), also known as acid, is a psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects, which may include altered awareness of one's surroundings, perceptions, and feelings as well as sensations and images that seem real though they are not.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
The Manaus slender-legged tree frog (Osteocephalus taurinus) is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.
Mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine) is a naturally occurring psychedelic alkaloid of the phenethylamine class, known for its hallucinogenic effects comparable to those of LSD and psilocybin.
Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.
A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.
The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
L-Monoamine oxidases (MAO) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of monoamines.
In animal anatomy, the mouth, also known as the oral cavity, buccal cavity, or in Latin cavum oris, is the opening through which many animals take in food and issue vocal sounds.
Mucuna pruriens is a tropical legume native to Africa and tropical Asia and widely naturalized and cultivated.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT or N,N-DMT) is a tryptamine molecule which occurs in many plants and animals.
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Osteocephalus oophagus is a species of frogs in the family Hylidae found in Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, and possibly Suriname.
Oxalate (IUPAC: ethanedioate) is the dianion with the formula, also written.
The parotoid gland (alternatively, paratoid gland) is an external skin gland on the back, neck, and shoulder of toads and some frogs and salamanders.
Phytochemistry is the study of phytochemicals, which are chemicals derived from plants.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Psilocin (also known as 4-HO-DMT, 4-hydroxy DMT, psilocine, psilocyn, or psilotsin) is a substituted tryptamine alkaloid and a serotonergic psychedelic substance.
Psychedelics are a class of drug whose primary action is to trigger psychedelic experiences via serotonin receptor agonism, causing thought and visual/auditory changes, and altered state of consciousness.
A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behavior.
PubChem is a database of chemical molecules and their activities against biological assays.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
Recreational drug use is the use of a psychoactive drug to induce an altered state of consciousness for pleasure, by modifying the perceptions, feelings, and emotions of the user.
The rectum is the final straight portion of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals, and the gut in others.
Schizophrenia Research is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering research on the cause, clinical diagnostics, and treatment of schizophrenia.
Secretion is the movement of material from one point to another, e.g. secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.
Osteocephalus is a genus of frogs (slender-legged tree frogs)in the Hylidae family found in the Guianas, the Amazon Basin, Venezuela, Colombia, southeastern Brazil, and northeastern Argentina.
Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Snuff is a smokeless tobacco made from ground or pulverised tobacco leaves.
The Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP) is an Australian legislative instrument produced by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA).
The striatum, or corpus striatum (also called the neostriatum and the striate nucleus) is a nucleus (a cluster of neurons) in the subcortical basal ganglia of the forebrain.
A subcutaneous injection is administered as a bolus into the subcutis, the layer of skin directly below the dermis and epidermis, collectively referred to as the cutis.
Sublingual (abbreviated SL), from the Latin for "under the tongue", refers to the pharmacological route of administration by which substances diffuse into the blood through tissues under the tongue.
Tryptamine is a monoamine alkaloid.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
5-HO-DiPT (5-hydroxy-N,N-di-iso-propyltryptamine) is a tryptamine derivative which acts as a serotonin receptor agonist.
5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) is the main metabolite of serotonin.
5-MeO-DMT (5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is a psychedelic of the tryptamine class.