224 relations: Acoustic coupler, Algorithm, Altair 8800, Alternative lifestyle, Amiexpress, Amiga, ANSI art, ANSI escape code, AOL, Apple II, AppleLink, ARC (file format), ASCII, Assembly language, Atari 8-bit family, ATASCII, Autocomplete, Bankruptcy, BASIC, BBC Micro, BBS door, BBS: The Documentary, Berkeley Breathed, Berkeley, California, Bloom County, Blue Board (software), Boardman, Ohio, Boardwatch, BT Group, Bulletin board, Busy signal, C (programming language), C-Net DS2, CBBS, CD-ROM, Channel capacity, Chat room, Chicago, Child pornography, Citadel/UX, Classified advertising, Color64, Command-line interface, Commodore 64, Commodore International, Communication protocol, Community Memory, Compact disc, CompuServe, Computer, ..., Computer art scene, Computer multitasking, Computer network, Computer program, Computer Shopper (US magazine), Computer terminal, Copyright infringement, CP/M, Credit card fraud, Cromemco, Data center, Data-rate units, Datastorm Technologies, Dave's own version of Citadel, DESQview, Dial-up Internet access, Donationware, Doom (1993 video game), DOS, DOSBox, Download, DVD, Dynamic web page, Email, Escape sequence, Event Horizons BBS, Excalibur BBS, ExecPC BBS, Extended ASCII, Falken, Fantasy, FastEcho, FidoNet, File Transfer Protocol, FirstClass, Flint, Michigan, FOSSIL, Freeware, FrontDoor, Gateway (telecommunications), Gopher (protocol), Graphical user interface, Great Blizzard of 1978, Grey hat, Hard disk drive, Home computer, Host (network), HTML, IBM PC compatible, IBM Personal Computer, Id Software, Imageboard, IMSAI 8080, InfoWorld, Input method, Internet, Internet forum, Internet protocol suite, Internet Relay Chat, Internet service provider, Ivory BBS, Jason Scott, JPEGView, KOM (BBS), Lamer, Leet, Linux, List of BBS software, List of bulletin board systems, List of ITU-T V-series recommendations, Local area network, Macintosh, Mainframe computer, Markup language, Matchmaker.com, Maximus (BBS), Merchant account, Microcomputer, Microcontroller, Micronet 800, Middlesex County, New Jersey, MindVox, Minitel, Modem, Mosaic (web browser), Mystic BBS, NAPLPS, NetFoss, Online game, Online service provider, Operating system, OS/2, Pace plc, Packet radio, Packet switching, Pascal (programming language), PCBoard, Pennywhistle modem, Perfect storm, PETSCII, Phil Katz, Phreaking, Piracy, PKZIP, PLATO (computer system), Playboy, Player (game), PODSnet, Pornography, Porting, Postcardware, Prestel, Prodigy (online service), PTT Bulletin Board System, Qmodem, Quantum Link, QWK (file format), RBBS-PC, Red Ryder (software), RelayNet, Remote Imaging Protocol, RemoteAccess, Renegade (BBS), Rusty n Edie's BBS, S-100 bus, San Francisco Bay Area, Sanatorium, Shareware, Shell account, Skypix, Slang, Social networking service, Spamming, Store and forward, Subculture, Synchronet, Synchronous conferencing, Sysop, TeleFinder, Telegard, Teletext, Telix, Telnet, Terminal emulator, Terminate (software), Textboard, Textfiles.com, The Atlantic, The Bread Board System, The Flint Journal, The Major BBS, The WELL, Theme (computing), Tom Jennings, TRS-80, University of Southern California, Upload, Usenet, User-generated content, UUCP, Viewdata, Ward Christensen, Warez, Wildcat! BBS, Windows 95, WinZip, Wired (magazine), World Wide Web, WWIV, WWIVnet, XMODEM, Zip (file format), 2600: The Hacker Quarterly, 3D Realms. Expand index (174 more) » « Shrink index
In telecommunications, an acoustic coupler is an interface device for coupling electrical signals by acoustical means—usually into and out of a telephone.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
The Altair 8800 is a microcomputer designed in 1974 by MITS and based on the Intel 8080 CPU.
An alternative lifestyle is a lifestyle diverse in respect to mainstream ones, or generally perceived to be outside the cultural norm.
AmiExpress - also known as /X - by Synthetic Technologies was a popular BBS software application for the Commodore Amiga line of computers.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
ANSI art is a computer art form that was widely used at one time on BBSes.
ANSI escape sequences are a standard for in-band signaling to control the cursor location, color, and other options on video text terminals.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
AppleLink was the name of both Apple Computer's online service for its dealers, third party developers, and users, and the client software used to access it.
ARC is a lossless data compression and archival format by System Enhancement Associates (SEA).
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
The ATASCII character set, from ATARI Standard Code for Information Interchange, alternatively ATARI ASCII, is the variation on ASCII used in the Atari 8-bit family of home computers.
Autocomplete, or word completion, is a feature in which an application predicts the rest of a word a user is typing.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.
BASIC (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use.
The British Broadcasting Corporation Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, is a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation.
A door in a bulletin board system is an interface between the BBS software and an external application.
BBS: The Documentary (commonly referred to as BBS Documentary) is a 3-disc, 8-episode documentary about the subculture born from the creation of the bulletin board system (BBS) filmed by computer historian Jason Scott of textfiles.com.
Guy Berkeley "Berke" Breathed (born June 21, 1957) is an American cartoonist, children's book author/illustrator, director and screenwriter, best known for Bloom County, a 1980s cartoon-comic strip and more recent Internet cartoons that reflect sociopolitical issues as understood by fanciful characters (e.g., Bill the Cat and Opus the Penguin) and through humorous analogies.
Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California.
Bloom County is an American comic strip by Berkeley Breathed which originally ran from December 8, 1980, until August 6, 1989.
Blue Board is a BBS software system created by Martin Sikes (1968–2007) for the Commodore 64 in the 1980s in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and sold worldwide.
Boardman is a census-designated place (CDP) in Boardman Township, Mahoning County, Ohio, United States, just south of Youngstown.
Boardwatch Magazine, informally known as Boardwatch, was initially published and edited by Jack Rickard.
BT Group plc (trading as BT and formerly British Telecom) is a British multinational telecommunications holding company with head offices in London, United Kingdom.
A bulletin board (pinboard, pin board, noticeboard, or notice board in British English) is a surface intended for the posting of public messages, for example, to advertise items wanted or for sale, announce events, or provide information.
A busy signal (or busy tone or engaged tone) in telephony is an audible or visual signal to the calling party that indicates failure to complete the requested connection of that particular telephone call.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C-Net DS2 (Developers System, Second Generation) was a full featured, single-line, bulletin board system (BBS) software system released in 1986 for the Commodore 64 microcomputer.
CBBS (Computerized Bulletin Board System) was a computer program created by Ward Christensen to allow him and other computer hobbyists to exchange information between each another.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
Channel capacity, in electrical engineering, computer science and information theory, is the tight upper bound on the rate at which information can be reliably transmitted over a communication channel.
The term chat room, or chatroom, is primarily used to describe any form of synchronous conferencing, occasionally even asynchronous conferencing.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Child pornography is pornography that exploits children for sexual stimulation.
Citadel/UX (typically referred to simply as "Citadel") is a collaboration suite (messaging and groupware) that is descended from the Citadel family of programs which became popular in the 1980s and 1990s as a bulletin board system platform.
Classified advertising is a form of advertising which is particularly common in newspapers, online and other periodicals which may be sold or distributed free of charge.
Color64 is a computer BBS system that was very popular for the Commodore 64 during the 1980s.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
Commodore International (or Commodore International Limited) was an American home computer and electronics manufacturer founded by Jack Tramiel.
In telecommunication, a communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.
Community Memory (CM) was the first public computerized bulletin board system.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
CompuServe (CompuServe Information Service, also known by its initialism CIS) was the first major commercial online service provider in the United States.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
The computer art scene, or simply artscene, is the community interested and active in the creation of computer-based artwork.
In computing, multitasking is the concurrent execution of multiple tasks (also known as processes) over a certain period of time.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
Computer Shopper was a monthly consumer computer magazine published by SX2 Media Labs.
A computer terminal is an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying or printing data from, a computer or a computing system.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
Credit card fraud is a wide-ranging term for theft and fraud committed using or involving a payment card, such as a credit card or debit card, as a fraudulent source of funds in a transaction.
Cromemco was a Mountain View, California microcomputer company known for its high-end Z80-based S-100 bus computers and peripherals in the early days of the personal computer revolution.
A data center (American English) or data centre (Commonwealth English) is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems.
In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.
Datastorm Technologies, Inc., was a computer software company that existed from 1986 until 1996.
Dave's own version of Citadel (DOC) is a variant of the Citadel/UX Bulletin board system (BBS) software which was developed specifically to run ISCA BBS in the late 1980s.
DESQview (DV) was a text mode multitasking operating environment developed by Quarterdeck Office Systems which enjoyed modest popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Dial-up Internet access is a form of Internet access that uses the facilities of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) to establish a connection to an Internet service provider (ISP) by dialing a telephone number on a conventional telephone line.
Donationware is a licensing model that supplies fully operational unrestricted software to the user and requests an optional donation be paid to the programmer or a third-party beneficiary (usually a non-profit).
Doom (typeset as DOOM in official documents and stylized as DooM in other media) is a 1993 first-person shooter (FPS) video game by id Software.
DOS is a family of disk operating systems.
DOSBOX (stylized as DOSBox) is an emulator program which emulates an IBM PC compatible computer running a DOS operating system.
In computer networks, to download (abbreviation DL) is to receive data from a remote system, typically a server such as a web server, an FTP server, an email server, or other similar systems.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
A server-side dynamic web page is a web page whose construction is controlled by an application server processing server-side scripts.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
An escape sequence is a series of characters used to change the state of computers and their attached peripheral devices, rather than to be displayed or printed as regular data bytes would be.
Event Horizons BBS was a popular and perhaps the most financially successful Bulletin Board System (BBS).
Excalibur BBS was a Windows-based GUI BBS Client / Server software, developed by Excalibur Communications.
ExecPC is an online service provider started in 1983 by owner Bob Mahoney as the Exec-PC BBS.
Extended ASCII (EASCII or high ASCII) character encodings are eight-bit or larger encodings that include the standard seven-bit ASCII characters, plus additional characters.
Originally created by Herb Rose, Falken BBS was one of the few BBS products which allowed up to 128 users to dial into a single system (running DOS) using multiport hardware, requiring no external multitasker.
Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world.
FastEcho is a message processing package for FTN (FidoNet Technology Network) mail systems.
Traditional FidoNet logo by John Madil FidoNet is a worldwide computer network that is used for communication between bulletin board systems (BBSes).
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
FirstClass is a client–server groupware, email, online conferencing, voice and fax services, and bulletin-board system for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
Flint is the largest city and county seat of Genesee County, Michigan, United States.
FOSSIL is a standard protocol for allowing serial communication for telecommunications programs under the DOS operating system.
Freeware is software that is available for use at no monetary cost.
FrontDoor was one of the most popular mailers in the FidoNet-compatible networks in the 1990s acting as the physical representation of the written network node connection and mail handling standards.
A gateway is the piece of networking hardware used in telecommunications via communications networks that allows data to flow from one discrete network to another.
The Gopher protocol is a TCP/IP application layer protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Great Blizzard of 1978, also known as the White Hurricane, was a historic winter storm that struck the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes regions from Wednesday, January 25 through Friday, January 27, 1978.
The term "grey hat", alternatively spelled as "greyhat" or "gray hat", refers to a computer hacker or computer security expert who may sometimes violate laws or typical ethical standards, but does not have the malicious intent typical of a black hat hacker.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
id Software LLC (see Company name) is an American video game developer headquartered in Dallas, Texas.
An imageboard or image board is a type of Internet forum which operates mostly via posting images.
The IMSAI 8080 was an early microcomputer released in late 1975, based on the Intel 8080 and later 8085 and S-100 bus.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
An input method (or input method editor, commonly abbreviated IME) is an operating system component or program that allows any data, such as keyboard strokes or mouse movements, to be received as input.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is an application layer protocol that facilitates communication in the form of text.
An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.
Ivory BBS is a bulletin board system (BBS) program for the Commodore 64 computer.
Jason Scott Sadofsky (born September 13, 1970), more commonly known as Jason Scott, is an American archivist, historian of technology, filmmaker, performer, and actor.
JPEGView was a popular image viewer for Mac OS in the 1990s by Aaron Giles.
KOM is a type of BBS, with a text-based (as opposed to a menu based) input system.
Lamer is a jargon or slang name originally applied in cracker and phreaker culture to someone who did not really understand what they were doing.
Leet (or "1337"), also known as eleet or leetspeak, is a system of modified spellings and verbiage used primarily on the Internet for many phonetic languages.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
This is a list of notable bulletin board system (BBS) software packages.
This is an incomplete list of notable bulletin board systems.
The ITU-T V-Series Recommendations on Data communication over the telephone network specify the protocols that govern approved modem communication standards and interfaces.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
In computer text processing, a markup language is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text.
Matchmaker.com is an online dating service.
Maximus is a bulletin board system, originally developed by Scott J. Dudley through his company, Lanius Corporation.
A merchant account is a type of bank account that allows businesses to accept payments in multiple ways, typically debit or credit cards.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
A microcontroller (MCU for microcontroller unit, or UC for μ-controller) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit.
Micronet 800 was an information provider (IP) on Prestel, aimed at the 1980s personal computer market.
Middlesex County is a county located in north-central New Jersey, United States.
MindVox was a famed early Internet service provider in New York City.
The Minitel was a Videotex online service accessible through telephone lines, and is considered one of the world's most successful pre-World Wide Web online services.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
NCSA Mosaic, or simply Mosaic, is the web browser that popularized the World Wide Web and the Internet.
Mystic BBS is a bulletin board system software program that began in 1995 and was first released to the public in December 1997 under the MS-DOS platform.
NAPLPS (North American Presentation Level Protocol Syntax) is a graphics language for use originally with videotex and teletext services.
NetFoss is a popular Network FOSSIL driver for Windows.
An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available.
An online service provider can, for example, be an Internet service provider, an email provider, a news provider (press), an entertainment provider (music, movies), a search engine, an e-commerce site, an online banking site, a health site, an official government site, social media, a wiki, or a Usenet newsgroup.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
Pace plc was a British company who developed set-top boxes (STBs), advanced residential gateways, software and services for the pay-TV and broadband services industry.
Packet radio is a form of packet switching technology used to transmit digital data via wireless communications.
Packet switching is a method of grouping data which is transmitted over a digital network into packets which are made of a header and a payload.
Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honor of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal. Pascal was developed on the pattern of the ALGOL 60 language. Wirth had already developed several improvements to this language as part of the ALGOL X proposals, but these were not accepted and Pascal was developed separately and released in 1970. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985; this was used by Apple Computer and Borland in the late 1980s and later developed into Delphi on the Microsoft Windows platform. Extensions to the Pascal concepts led to the Pascal-like languages Modula-2 and Oberon.
PCBoard (PCB) was a bulletin board system (BBS) application first introduced for DOS in 1983 by Clark Development Company.
The Pennywhistle was an early acoustic coupler modem originally designed and built by Lee Felsenstein in 1973, and later commercialized and offered for sale in 1976.
A perfect storm is an event in which a rare combination of circumstances drastically aggravates the event.
PETSCII (PET Standard Code of Information Interchange), also known as CBM ASCII, is the character set used in Commodore Business Machines (CBM)'s 8-bit home computers, starting with the PET from 1977 and including the C16, C64, C116, C128, CBM-II, Plus/4, and VIC-20.
Phillip Walter Katz (November 3, 1962 – April 14, 2000) was a computer programmer best known as the co-creator of the Zip file format for data compression, and the author of PKZIP, a program for creating zip files that ran under DOS.
Phreaking is a slang term coined to describe the activity of a culture of people who study, experiment with, or explore telecommunication systems, such as equipment and systems connected to public telephone networks.
Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.
PKZIP is a file archiving computer program, notable for introducing the popular ZIP file format.
PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations) was the first generalized computer-assisted instruction system.
Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine.
A player of a game is a participant therein.
Pagan Occult Distribution System Network (PODSnet) was a neopagan/occult computer network of Pagan Sysops and Sysops carrying Pagan/Magickal/Occult oriented echoes operating on an international basis, with FIDO Nodes in Australia, Canada, Germany, the U.K., and across the USA.
Pornography (often abbreviated porn) is the portrayal of sexual subject matter for the exclusive purpose of sexual arousal.
In software engineering, porting is the process of adapting software for the purpose of achieving some form of execution in a computing environment that is different from the one that a given program (meant for such execution) was originally designed for (e.g. different CPU, operating system, or third party library).
Postcardware, also called just cardware, is a style of software distribution similar to shareware, distributed by the author on the condition that users send the author a postcard.
Prestel (abbrev. from press telephone), the brand name for the UK Post Office's Viewdata technology, was an interactive videotex system developed during the late 1970s and commercially launched in 1979.
Prodigy Communications Corporation (Prodigy Services Corp., Prodigy Services Co., Trintex) was an online service that offered its subscribers access to a broad range of networked services, including news, weather, shopping, bulletin boards, games, polls, expert columns, banking, stocks, travel, and a variety of other features.
PTT Bulletin Board System (PTT,, telnet://ptt.cc) is the largest terminal-based bulletin board system (BBS) based in Taiwan.
Qmodem was an MS-DOS shareware telecommunications program and terminal emulator.
Quantum Link (or Q-Link) was a U.S. and Canadian online service for Commodore 64 and 128 personal computers that operated starting November 5, 1985.
QWK is a file-based offline mail reader format that was popular among bulletin board system (BBS) users, especially users of FidoNet and other networks that generated large volumes of mail.
RBBS-PC (acronym for Remote Bulletin Board System for the Personal Computer) was a public domain, open source BBS software program.
Red Ryder was the name of a well known communications and terminal emulation software program created for the Apple Macintosh in the 1980s.
RelayNet was an e-mail exchange network used by PCBoard bulletin board systems (BBS's).
The Remote Imaging Protocol and its associated Remote Imaging Protocol Scripting Language, RIPscrip, is a scripting language that provides a system for sending vector graphics over low-bandwidth links, notably modems.
RemoteAccess is a DOS Bulletin Board System (BBS) software package written by Andrew Milner and published by his company Wantree Development in Australia.
Renegade is a freeware bulletin board system (BBS) written for IBM PC-compatible computers running MS-DOS that gained popularity among hobbyist BBSes in the early to mid 1990s.
Rusty n Edie's BBS (Rusty-N-Edie's) was a bulletin board system founded on May 11, 1987 by the two SysOps, Russell & Edwina Hardenburgh, of Boardman, Ohio.
The S-100 bus or Altair bus, IEEE696-1983 (withdrawn), was an early computer bus designed in 1974 as a part of the Altair 8800.
The San Francisco Bay Area (popularly referred to as the Bay Area) is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco, San Pablo and Suisun estuaries in the northern part of the U.S. state of California.
A sanatorium (also spelled sanitorium and sanitarium) is a medical facility for long-term illness, most typically associated with treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in the late-nineteenth and twentieth century before the discovery of antibiotics.
Shareware is a type of proprietary software which is initially provided free of charge to users, who are allowed and encouraged to make and share copies of the program.
A shell account is a user account on a remote server, traditionally running under the Unix operating system, which gives access to a shell via a command-line interface protocol such as telnet or SSH.
Skypix is the name of a markup language used to encode graphics content such as changeable fonts, mouse-controlled actions, animations and sound to bulletin board system.
Slang is language (words, phrases, and usages) of an informal register that members of special groups like teenagers, musicians, or criminals favor (over a standard language) in order to establish group identity, exclude outsiders, or both.
A social networking service (also social networking site, SNS or social media) is a web application that people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections.
Electronic spamming is the use of electronic messaging systems to send an unsolicited message (spam), especially advertising, as well as sending messages repeatedly on the same site.
Store and forward is a telecommunications technique in which information is sent to an intermediate station where it is kept and sent at a later time to the final destination or to another intermediate station.
A subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the parent culture to which it belongs, often maintaining some of its founding principles.
Synchronet is a multiplatform BBS software package, with current ports for Microsoft Windows, Linux, and BSD variants.
Synchronous conferencing is the formal term used in computing, in particular in computer-mediated communication, collaboration and learning, to describe technologies informally known as online chat.
A sysop (an abbreviation of system operator) is an administrator of a multi-user computer system, such as a bulletin board system (BBS) or an online service virtual community.
TeleFinder is a Macintosh-based bulletin-board system written by Spider Island Software, based on a client–server model whose client end provides a Mac-like GUI.
Telegard is an early bulletin board system (BBS) software program written for IBM PC-compatible computers running MS-DOS and OS/2.
Teletext (or broadcast teletext) is a television information retrieval service created in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s by the Philips Lead Designer for VDUs, John Adams.
Telix is a telecommunications program originally written for MS-DOS by Colin Sampaleanu and released in 1986.
Telnet is a protocol used on the Internet or local area network to provide a bidirectional interactive text-oriented communication facility using a virtual terminal connection.
A terminal emulator, terminal application, or term, is a program that emulates a video terminal within some other display architecture.
Terminate (terminat.exe) was a shareware modem terminal and host program for MS-DOS and compatible operating systems, developed during the 1990s by Bo Bendtsen from Denmark.
A textboard is a simple kind of Internet forum that does not require registration.
textfiles.com is a website dedicated to preserving the digital documents that contain the history of the bulletin board system (BBS) world and various subcultures, and thus providing "a glimpse into the history of writers and artists bound by the 128 characters that the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) allowed them".
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Bread Board System (TBBS) is a multiline MS-DOS based commercial bulletin board system software package written in 1983 by Philip L. Becker.
The Flint Journal is a quad-weekly newspaper based in Flint, Michigan, owned by Booth Newspapers, a subsidiary of Advance Publications.
The Major BBS (sometimes MajorBBS or MBBS) was bulletin board software (a bulletin board system server) developed between 1986 and 1999 by Galacticomm.
The Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link, normally shortened to The WELL, is one of the oldest virtual communities in continuous operation.
In computing, a theme is a preset package containing graphical appearance details.
Tom Jennings (born 1955 as Thomas Daniel Jennings in Boston, Massachusetts) is a Los Angeles-based artist and technician.
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California.
In computer networks, to upload is to send data to a remote system such as a server or another client so that the remote system can store a copy.
Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.
User-generated content (UGC), alternatively known as user-created content (UCC), is any form of content created by users of a system or service and made available publicly on that system.
UUCP is an abbreviation of Unix-to-Unix Copy.
Viewdata is a Videotex implementation.
Ward Christensen (born 1945 in West Bend, Wisconsin, United States) is the co-founder of the CBBS bulletin board, the first bulletin board system (BBS) ever brought online.
Warez is a common computing and broader cultural term referring to pirated software (i.e. illegally copied, often after deactivation of anti-piracy measures) that is distributed via the Internet.
Wildcat! BBS was a bulletin board system server application that Mustang Software developed in 1986 for MS-DOS, and later ported to Microsoft Windows.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
WinZip is a trialware file archiver and compressor for Windows, macOS, iOS and Android developed by WinZip Computing (formerly Nico Mak Computing).
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
WWIV was a popular brand of bulletin board system software from the late 1980s through the mid-1990s.
WWIVnet was a Bulletin board system (BBS) network for WWIV-based BBSes.
XMODEM is a simple file transfer protocol developed as a quick hack by Ward Christensen for use in his 1977 MODEM.ASM terminal program.
ZIP is an archive file format that supports lossless data compression.
2600: The Hacker Quarterly is an American seasonal publication of technical information and articles, many of which are written and submitted by the readership, on a variety of subjects including hacking, telephone switching systems, Internet protocols and services, as well as general news concerning the computer "underground".
Apogee Software, Ltd., since 1996 doing business as 3D Realms, is an American video game developer and publisher based in Garland, Texas.
BBS network, BBSes, Bulletin Board Service, Bulletin Board System, Bulletin Board Systems, Bulletin Board system, Bulletin Boards, Bulletin board systems, Bulletin-board system, Electronic bulletin board, Emulex/2, ProBoard, Proboard.