275 relations: Able seaman, Admiral (Germany), Adolf Hitler, Air Forces of the National People's Army, Airbus, Airbus A400M Atlas, Aircraftman, Airman Basic, Airman first class, Allies of World War II, Angela Merkel, ATF Dingo, August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Baden-Württemberg-class frigate, Badge of Honour of the Bundeswehr, Baltic Sea, Baltic states, Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, Bendlerblock, Berlin, Blank (cartridge), Bonn, Bootsmann, Boxer (armoured fighting vehicle), Brigade, Brigadegeneral, Brigadier, Brigadier general, British Army, Bundestag, Cambodia, Captain (armed forces), Captain (naval), Captain at sea, Captain lieutenant, Carl von Clausewitz, Carl Walther GmbH, Ceremonial oath of the Bundeswehr, Chancellor of Germany (1949–present), Chief master sergeant, Chief petty officer, Chin-up, Claus von Stauffenberg, Cold War, Colonel, Combat Action Medal of the Bundeswehr, Commander, Conscription, Conscription in Germany, Corporal, ..., Corps, Counter admiral, 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Service Medal (2013), German intervention against ISIL, German Navy, German reunification, Germany, GFF4, Greenwood Publishing Group, Großer Zapfenstreich, GSG 9, Hasso von Manteuffel, Hauptbootsmann, Hauptfeldwebel (appointment), Hauptfeldwebel (rank), Hauptmann, Heckler & Koch, Henning von Tresckow, Himmerod Abbey, Hindu Kush, Horn of Africa, Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, Immediate Reaction Cell, Indonesia, Infanterist der Zukunft, Inspector General of the Bundeswehr, Inspector of the Air Force, Inspector of the Army, Inspector of the Navy, International Business Times, Iraq, Iron Cross, Johann von Kielmansegg, John Lewis Gaddis, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Joint Medical Service (Germany), Joint Support Service (Germany), Kapitänleutnant, Kommando Spezialkräfte, Konrad Adenauer, Konteradmiral, Korean War, Korvettenkapitän, Kosovo Force, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, Lance corporal, Lance sergeant, Landsknecht, Leading seaman, Leontopodium nivale, Leutnant, Leutnant zur See, Lieutenant (junior grade), Lieutenant colonel, Lieutenant commander, Lieutenant general, List of German defence ministers, Maat (rank), Major (Germany), Major general, Maroon beret, Martial music, Master chief petty officer, Master corporal, Master seaman, Master sergeant, Medical evacuation, Mediterranean Sea, Middle East, Midshipman, Military Assistance Advisory Group, Military tattoo, MultiCam, National People's Army, NATO, NATO Integrated Air Defense System, NHIndustries NH90, North Sea, Oberbootsmann, Oberfähnrich, Oberfähnrich zur See, Oberfeldwebel, Obergefreiter, Oberleutnant, Oberleutnant zur See, Obermaat, Oberst, Oberstabsbootsmann, Oberstabsfeldwebel, Oberstabsgefreiter, Oberstleutnant, Operation Atalanta, Operation Sophia, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Panavia Tornado, Parachutist Badge (Germany), Peacekeeping, Petty officer third class, Petty officer, 1st class, Petty officer, 2nd class, Potsdam, Private (rank), Puma (IFV), Quartermaster sergeant, Ramstein Air Base, 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Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara, United Nations Mission in South Sudan, United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali, United Nations Training Center of the Bundeswehr, United Nations–African Union Mission in Darfur, United States Army, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Unteroffizier, Ursula von der Leyen, Verena von Weymarn, Vice admiral, Vizeadmiral, Wachbataillon, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Wehrmacht, Weimar Republic, West Germany, Western Sahara, Wolf Graf von Baudissin, World War I, World War II, Yugoslavia, 11th Airmobile Brigade (Netherlands), 1st Panzer Division (Bundeswehr), 20 July plot, 43rd Mechanized Brigade (Netherlands). 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An able seaman (AB) is a naval rating of the deck department of a merchant ship with more than two years' experience at sea and considered "well acquainted with his duty".
Admiral, short Adm, (en: Admiral) is the most senior flag officer rank in the German Navy.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
The Air Forces of the National People's Army (German: Luftstreitkräfte der Nationalen Volksarmee – LSK) was the Air Force of East Germany.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
The Airbus A400M Atlas Airbus Military, 6 July 2012.
Aircraftman (AC) or aircraftwoman (ACW) is the lowest rank in the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the air forces of several other Commonwealth countries.
Airman Basic (AB) is the lowest enlisted rank in the United States Air Force (USAF), immediately below Airman.
Airman First Class (A1C) is the third enlisted rank (E-3) in the United States Air Force, just above Airman and below Senior Airman.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
The ATF Dingo is a German heavily armored military MRAP infantry mobility vehicle based on a Unimog chassis with a V-hull design, produced by the company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW).
August Wilhelm Antonius Graf Neidhardt von Gneisenau (27 October 176023 August 1831) was a Prussian field marshal.
The F125 Baden-Württemberg-class frigates are a series of frigates of the German Navy, which were designed and constructed by ARGE F125, a joint-venture of Thyssen-Krupp and Lürssen.
The Decorations of Honour of the Bundeswehr (Ehrenzeichen der Bundeswehr) are a series of military decorations of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
The Baltic states, also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations or simply the Baltics (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The Bendlerblock is a building complex in the Tiergarten district of Berlin, Germany, located on Stauffenbergstraße (formerly named Bendlerstraße).
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
A blank is a type of cartridge for a firearm that contains gunpowder but no bullet or shot.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
The German term Bootsmann translates to Boatswain, i.e. the senior crewman of the deck department.
The Boxer is a German-Dutch multirole armoured fighting vehicle designed to accomplish a number of operations through the use of installable mission modules.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadegeneral, short BrigGen, (en: brigadier general) is the lowest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer), German Air Force (Luftwaffe).
Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The Bundestag ("Federal Diet") is the German federal parliament.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.
Captain is the name most often given in English-speaking navies to the rank corresponding to command of the largest ships.
Captain at sea is a naval rank corresponding to command of a ship-of-the-line or capital ship.
Captain lieutenant or captain-lieutenant is a military rank, used in a number of navies worldwide and formerly in the British Army.
Carl Philipp Gottfried (or Gottlieb) von Clausewitz (1 June 1780 – 16 November 1831)Bassford, Christopher (2002).
Carl Walther GmbH Sportwaffen, or simply Walther, is a German weapon manufacturer, and a subsidiary of the PW Group.
There are two types of soldiers serving in the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces): regular units and conscripts.
The Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (in German called Bundeskanzler(in), meaning "Federal Chancellor", or in) for short) is, under the German 1949 Constitution, the head of government of Germany.
CMSgt insignia (1994–present) Chief Master Sergeant (CMSgt) is the ninth, and highest, enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Master Sergeant, and is a senior non-commissioned officer rank.
A chief petty officer is a senior non-commissioned officer in many navies and coast guards.
The chin-up (also known as a chin or chinup) is a strength training exercise.
Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15 November 1907 – 21 July 1944) was a German army officer and member of the Bavarian noble family von Stauffenberg, who was one of the leading members of the failed 20 July plot of 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler and remove the Nazi Party from power.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
The Combat Action Medal of the Bundeswehr (Einsatzmedaille Gefecht) is a military decoration awarded by the German Bundeswehr.
Commander is a common naval and air force officer rank.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
Germany had conscription (Wehrpflicht) for male citizens between 1956 and 2011.
Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
Counter admiral is a rank found in many navies of the world, but no longer used in English-speaking countries, where the equivalent rank is rear admiral.
The Cyber and Information Domain Service Headquarters (German: Kommando Cyber- und Informationsraum) (Kdo CIR) is the youngest branch of Germany's military the Bundeswehr.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Defence Force(s) or Defense Force(s) is the title of the armed forces of certain countries.
Deutsche Welle ("German wave" in German) or DW is Germany's public international broadcaster.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Ensign (Late Middle English, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy.
The Eurocopter EC145 (now Airbus Helicopters H145) is a twin-engine light utility helicopter developed and manufactured by Eurocopter, which was rebranded as Airbus Helicopters in 2014.
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) Tiger is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003.
The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
EUTM Mali (European Union Training Mission in Mali) is a European Union multinational military training mission headquartered in Bamako, Mali, which is training and advising the military of Mali.
The European Union Training Mission Somalia (EUTM Somalia) is a training operation for the Somali Armed Forces conducted by military officials from European Union states.
Fahnenjunker (en: officer cadet; literal: colors junker) is a military rank of the Bundeswehr and of some former German armed forces.
Fähnrich is an officer candidate rank in the Austrian Bundesheer and German Bundeswehr.
Fähnrich zur See (Fähnr zS or FRZS) designates in the German Navy of the Bundeswehr a military person or member of the armed forces with the second highest Officer Aspirant (OA – de: Offizieranwärter) rank.
Federal agencies in Germany are established to assist the country's executive branch on the federal level according to of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz).
The Federal Ministry of Defence (Bundesministerium der Verteidigung), abbreviated BMVg, is a top-level federal agency, headed by the Federal Minister of Defence as a member of the Cabinet of Germany.
The Federal Police (Bundespolizei or BPOL) is a (primarily) uniformed federal police force in Germany.
Feldwebel (Fw or F), literally "field usher", is a non-commissioned officer (NCO) rank in several countries.
The Fennek, named after the fennec (a species of small desert fox), or LGS Fennek, with LGS being short for Leichter Gepanzerter Spähwagen in German (Light Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicle), is a four-wheeled armed reconnaissance vehicle produced by the German company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Dutch Defence Vehicle Systems.
First lieutenant is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment.
Flecktarn ("mottled camouflage"; also known as Flecktarnmuster or Fleckentarn) is a family of 3-, 4-, 5- or 6-color disruptive camouflage patterns, the most common being the five-color pattern, consisting of dark green, light green, black, red brown and green brown or tan depending on the manufacturer.
Flight sergeant (commonly abbreviated to Flt Sgt, F/Sgt, FSGT or, currently correctly in the RAF, FS) is a senior non-commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and several other air forces which have adopted all or part of the RAF rank structure.
Flotilla admiral is the lowest flag rank, a rank above captain, in the modern navies of Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, Germany and Sweden.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal and classical liberal political party in Germany.
Fregattenkapitän, short: FKpt / in lists: FK, is the middle senior officer rank in the German Navy / armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr).
French–German (Franco-German) enmity (Rivalité franco-allemande Deutsch–französische Erbfeindschaft) was the idea of unavoidably hostile relations and mutual revanchism between Germans and French people that arose in the 16th century and became popular with the Franco–Prussian War of 1870–1871.
Gebirgsjäger are the light infantry part of the alpine or mountain troops (Gebirgstruppe) of Germany and Austria.
Gefreiter (abbr. Gefr.) is a German, Swiss and Austrian military rank that has existed since the 16th century.
General is the highest rank of the German Army and German Air Force.
Generalleutnant, short GenLt, (lieutenant general) is the second highest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer) and the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).
Generalmajor, short GenMaj, (English: major general) is a general officer rank in many countries, and is identical to and translated as major general.
Gerhard Johann David Waitz von Scharnhorst (12 November 1755 – 28 June 1813), was a Hanoverian-born general in Prussian service from 1801.
The German Air Force (German: Luftwaffe, the German-language generic term for air force) is the aerial warfare branch of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany.
The German Armed Forces Badge for Military Proficiency (German: Das Abzeichen für Leistungen im Truppendienst) is a decoration of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The German Armed Forces Badge for Weapons Proficiency (German: Schützenschnur) is a decoration of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany.
With a contingent of 5,350 soldiers and policemen, Germany is one of the main contributors of troops to coalition operations in Afghanistan.
The German Armed Forces Deployment Medal (Einsatzmedaille der Bundeswehr) is a decoration of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The German Army (Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany.
The German Flood Service Medal 2002 (German: Einsatzmedaille Fluthilfe 2002) is a decoration of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The German Flood Service Medal 2013 (Einsatzmedaille Fluthilfe 2013) is a military and civil award of Germany.
The German intervention against ISIL was authorized on 4 December 2015.
The German Navy (Deutsche Marine or simply Marine—) is the navy of Germany and part of the unified Bundeswehr ("Federal Defense"), the German Armed Forces.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The GFF4 (Geschützte Führungs- und Funktionsfahrzeuge, Klasse 4: Protected Command and Functional Vehicles, Class 4), previously KMW Grizzly, is a medium weight MRAP armored personnel carrier, developed by Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW), designed for operation with the German Army based on the 6x6 Trakker chassis from IVECO adapted to meet the needs of the German Army.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
The Großer Zapfenstreich ("Grand Tattoo") is a military ceremony performed in Germany and Austria.
Grenzschutzgruppe 9 (GSG 9) (Border Protection Group 9) is the elite Police Tactical Unit of the German Federal Police (Bundespolizei).
Hasso von Manteuffel (14 January 1897 – 24 September 1978) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 5th Panzer Army.
Hauptbootsmann (HptBtsm or in lists HB) designates in the German Navy of the Bundeswehr a military person or member of the armed forces.
In the German military, the appointment of Hauptfeldwebel was the German equivalent of a Commonwealth Company Sergeant Major or American Company First Sergeant.
Hauptfeldwebel (HptFw or HF) is the third highest Non-commissioned officer (NCO) rank in German Army and German Air Force.
Hauptmann is a German word usually translated as captain when it is used as an officer's rank in the German, Austrian and Swiss armies.
Heckler & Koch GmbH (HK) is a German defense manufacturing company that manufactures handguns, assault rifles, submachine guns, and grenade launchers.
Hermann Henning Karl Robert von Tresckow (10 January 1901 – 21 July 1944) was an officer in the German Army who helped organize German resistance against Adolf Hitler.
Himmerod Abbey (Kloster Himmerod) is a Cistercian monastery in the community of Großlittgen in the Verbandsgemeinde of Manderscheid in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, located in the Eifel, in the valley of the Salm.
The Hindu Kush, also known in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus (Καύκασος Ινδικός) or Paropamisadae (Παροπαμισάδαι), in Pashto and Persian as, Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches near the Afghan-Pakistan border,, Quote: "The Hindu Kush mountains run along the Afghan border with the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan".
The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa that juts into the Guardafui Channel, lying along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden and the southwest Red Sea.
Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (often abbreviated HDW) is a German shipbuilding company, headquartered in Kiel.
The Immediate Reaction Cell (IRC) is an elite fighting force in the Belgian Land Component, consisting of one parachute and one commando battalion plus several support units (one artillery battery, one anti-aircraft artillery battery, one logistics company, one engineer company, one medical company and one reconnaissance unit).
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Infanterist der Zukunft (IdZ, English: "Infantryman of the future") is the German Bundeswehr's program as part of the Future Soldier project.
The Inspector General of the Bundeswehr (Generalinspekteur der Bundeswehr, GenInspBw), also translated as Chief of Staff of the Federal Armed Forces, is the highest-ranking military post held by a commissioned officer in the Bundeswehr, the present-day armed forces of Germany.
The Inspector of the Air Force (Inspekteur der Luftwaffe) is the commander of the Air Force of the modern-day German Armed Forces, the Bundeswehr.
The Inspector of the Army (Inspekteur des Heeres or InspH) is the senior serving officer in the German Army of the modern-day German Armed Forces or Bundeswehr.
The Inspector of the Navy (Inspekteur der Marine) is the commander of the Navy of the modern-day German Armed Forces, the Bundeswehr.
The International Business Times is an American online news publication that publishes seven national editions and four languages.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The Iron Cross (abbreviated EK) is a former military decoration in the Kingdom of Prussia, and later in the German Empire (1871–1918) and Nazi Germany (1933–1945).
Count Johann Adolf Graf von Kielmansegg (30 December 1906 – 26 May 2006) was a German general staff officer during the Second World War and later general of the Bundeswehr.
John Lewis Gaddis (born 1941) is the Robert A. Lovett Professor of Military and Naval History at Yale University.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a body of senior uniformed leaders in the United States Department of Defense who advise the President of the United States, the Secretary of Defense, the Homeland Security Council and the National Security Council on military matters.
The Medical Corps (Zentraler Sanitätsdienst der Bundeswehr) is a part of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany and serves all three armed services (Army, Navy and Air Force).
The Joint Support Service (Streitkräftebasis, SKB, literally Armed Forces Foundation) is a branch of the German Bundeswehr established in October 2000 as a result of major reforms of the Bundeswehr.
Kapitänleutnant, short: KptLt / in lists: KL, (Lang-en: Captain lieutenant) is an officer grade of the captains military hierarchy group of the German Bundeswehr.
KSK Kommando Spezialkräfte (Special Forces Command, KSK) is an elite special forces military unit composed of special operations soldiers selected from the ranks of Germany's Bundeswehr and organized under the Rapid Forces Division.
Konrad Hermann Joseph Adenauer (5 January 1876 – 19 April 1967) was a German statesman who served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1949 to 1963.
Konteradmiral, abbreviated KAdm or KADM, is the second lowest naval flag officer rank in the German Navy.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
Korvettenkapitän, short: KKpt / in lists: KK, is the lowest senior officer rank in the German Navy / armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr).
The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international peacekeeping force which was responsible for establishing a secure environment in Kosovo.
Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co.
Lance corporal is a military rank, used by many armed forces worldwide, and also by some police forces and other uniformed organisations.
Lance sergeant (LSgt or L/Sgt) is an appointment in the armies of the Commonwealth and formerly also a rank in the United States Army.
The German Landsknechts, sometimes also rendered as (singular), were colourful mercenary soldiers with a formidable reputation, who became an important military force through late 15th- and 16th-century Europe.
Leading Seaman is a junior non-commissioned rank or rate in navies, particularly those of the Commonwealth.
Leontopodium nivale, commonly called edelweiss (English pronunciation), is a well-known mountain flower, belonging to the daisy or sunflower family, Asteraceae.
Leutnant (OF-1b) is the lowest Lieutenant officer rank in the armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr), Austrian Armed Forces, and military of Switzerland.
Leutnant zur See (Lt zS or LZS) is the lowest officer rank in the German Navy.
Lieutenant (junior grade), commonly abbreviated as LTJG or, historically, Lt. (j.g.) (as well as variants of both abbreviations), is a junior commissioned officer rank of the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard, the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps (NOAA Corps).
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated LCdr, LCdr. or LCDR) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
The Federal Minister of Defence (Bundesminister der Verteidigung) is the head of the Federal Ministry of Defence and a member of the Federal Cabinet.
Maat is a naval rank of the German Navy equivalent to the army/ air force rank of Unteroffizier.
Major is the lowest staff officer rank in the German Army (Heer), German Air Force (Luftwaffe).
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
The maroon beret in a military configuration has been an international symbol of airborne forces since the Second World War.
Martial music or military music is a specific genre of music intended for use in military settings.
U.S. Coast Guardmaster chief petty officercap and collar device U.S. Coast Guardmaster chief petty officersleeve rating insignia United States Navymaster chief petty officershoulderboard United States Navygood conduct rating badge for amaster chief boatswain's mate United States Navymaster chief petty officercap and collar insignia Master chief petty officer (MCPO) is the ninth, and highest, enlisted rate (pay grade E-9) in the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, just above senior chief petty officer (SCPO).
Master corporal (MCpl) (caporal-chef or cplc), in the Canadian Armed Forces and the Royal Canadian Army Cadets is an appointment of the rank of Corporal in the Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force.
Master seaman (MS), or matelot-chef (matc) in French, is a non-commissioned member rank of the Royal Canadian Navy, which is between leading seaman (LS) and petty officer 2nd class (PO2).
A master sergeant is the military rank for a senior non-commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries.
Medical evacuation, often shortened to medevac or medivac, is the timely and efficient movement and en route care provided by medical personnel to wounded being evacuated from a battlefield, to injured patients being evacuated from the scene of an accident to receiving medical facilities, or to patients at a rural hospital requiring urgent care at a better-equipped facility using medically equipped ground vehicles (ambulances) or aircraft (air ambulances).
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
A midshipman is an officer of the junior-most rank, in the Royal Navy, United States Navy, and many Commonwealth navies.
Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) is a designation for United States military advisers sent to other countries to assist in the training of conventional armed forces and facilitate military aid.
A tattoo is a military performance of music or display of armed forces in general.
MultiCam is a camouflage pattern designed for use in a wide range of conditions produced by Crye Precision.
The National People's Army (NPA) (German: Nationale Volksarmee – NVA) was the name used for the armed forces of the German Democratic Republic.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
NATO's NATO Integrated Air Defense System (short: NATINADS) is a command and control compound (structure or system) of the alliance's air defence forces, subordinated to the NATO command authorities, already in peace time as well as in crisis and war.
The NHIndustries NH90 is a medium-sized, twin-engine, multi-role military helicopter.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Oberbootsmann (OBtsm or in lists OB) designates in the German Navy of the Bundeswehr a military person or member of the armed forces.
Oberfähnrich (OFähnr or OFR) designates in the Heer of the Bundeswehr a military person or member of the armed forces with the last or highest Officer Aspirant (OA – de: Offizieranwärter) rank.
Oberfähnrich zur See (OFähnr zS or OFRZS) designates in the German Navy of the Bundeswehr a military person or member of the armed forces with the last or highest Officer Aspirant (OA – de: Offizieranwärter) rank.
Oberfeldwebel (OFw or OF) is the fourth-lowest non-commissioned officer (NCO) rank in German Army and German Air Force.
Obergefreiter (abbr. OGefr.) is a rank of the German and Swiss militaries which dates from the 19th century.
Oberleutnant (OF-1a) is the highest lieutenant officer rank in the armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr), Austrian Armed Forces, and Military of Switzerland.
Oberleutnant zur See (OLt zS or OLZS in the German Navy, Oblt.z.S. in the Kriegsmarine) is traditionally the first and highest Lieutenant grade in the German Navy.
Obermaat is a military rank of the Bundeswehr and earlier other German speaking armed forces.
Oberst is a military rank in several German-speaking and Scandinavian countries, equivalent to Colonel.
Oberstabsbootsmann (OStBtsm or OSB) is the highest Non-commissioned officer (NCO) rank in the German Navy.
Oberstabsfeldwebel (OStFw or OSF) is the highest Non-commissioned officer (NCO) rank in German Army and German Air Force.
Oberstabsgefreiter (abbr. OStGefr, on lists OSG) is the highest enlisted rank in the German Bundeswehr, that might be comparable to corporal (OR-4aThe abbreviation "OR" stands for "Other Ranks / fr: sous-officiers et militaires du rang / ru:другие ранги, кроме офицероф") in Anglophone armed forces.
Oberstleutnant is a German Army and German Air Force rank equal to lieutenant colonel, above Major, and below Oberst.
EU NAVFOR Somalia, also known as Operation Atalanta, is a current counter-piracy military operation at sea off the Horn of Africa and in the Western Indian Ocean, that is the first undertaken by the European Union Naval Force.
As a consequence of the April 2015 Libya migrant shipwrecks, the EU launched a military operation known as European Union Naval Force Mediterranean (EUNAVFOR Med), also known as Operation Sophia, with the aim of neutralising established refugee smuggling routes in the Mediterranean.
The Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the only federal decoration of Germany.
The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine, variable-sweep wing multirole combat aircraft, which was jointly developed and manufactured by Italy, the United Kingdom, and West Germany.
The German Armed Forces Parachutist Badge (Fallschirmschützenabzeichen) was the badge awarded to and worn by qualified parachutists of the Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) of the Nazi Germany.
Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace.
Petty officer third class is the fourth enlisted rank in the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and the United States Naval Sea Cadet Corps, above seaman and below petty officer second class, and is the lowest rank of non-commissioned officer, equivalent to a corporal in the U.S. Army and Marine Corps.
Petty officer, 1st class, PO1, is a Naval non-commissioned member rank of the Canadian Forces.
Petty officer, 2nd class, PO2, is a Naval non-commissioned member rank of the Canadian Forces.
Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
The Puma is a German infantry fighting vehicle (Schützenpanzer or short SPz) designed to replace the aging Marder IFVs currently in service with the German Army.
Quartermaster sergeant (QMS) is a class of rank or appointment in some armed forces, especially those of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, and formerly also in the United States.
Ramstein Air Base is a United States Air Force base in Rhineland-Palatinate, a state in southwestern Germany.
Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore (U.S equivalent of Commander) and captain, and below that of a vice admiral.
The Reichstag (Reichstagsgebäude; officially: Deutscher Bundestag - Plenarbereich Reichstagsgebäude) is a historic edifice in Berlin, Germany, constructed to house the Imperial Diet (German: Reichstag) of the German Empire.
The Reichswehr (English: Realm Defence) formed the military organisation of Germany from 1919 until 1935, when it was united with the new Wehrmacht (Defence Force).
Resolute Support Mission or Operation Resolute Support is a NATO-led train, advise and assist mission consisting of over 13,000 troops in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Rheinmetall AG has a presence in two corporate sectors (automotive and defence) with six divisions, and is headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.
Richard Karl Freiherr von Weizsäcker (15 April 1920 – 31 January 2015) was a German politician (CDU), who served as President of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany until 1990) from 1984 to 1994.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht (KL), "Royal Army") is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands.
Schütze in German means "rifleman" or "shooter", or in older terms originally connoted "archer" before the advent of the rifle.
Seaman is a naval rank and is either the lowest or one of the lowest ranks in most navies around the world.
Constructionman Apprenticevariation Fireman Apprenticevariation Airman Apprenticevariation Seaman Apprenticeinsignia Collarinsignia Seaman apprentice is the second lowest enlisted rate in the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps just above seaman recruit and below seaman; this rank was formerly known as seaman second class.
Seaman recruit (SR) is the lowest enlisted rate in the United States Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps just below seaman apprentice; this rank was formerly known as seaman third class.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
Seekadett (en: Naval (officer) cadet / literal: sea cadet) is a military rank of the Bundeswehr and of former German speaking naval forces.
Senior Airman (SrA) is the fourth enlisted rank in the United States Air Force, just above Airman First Class and below Staff Sergeant.
Senior captain is a rare military rank which is used in some countries' armed forces, navies and merchant marines.
Senior chief petty officer is an enlisted rank in the navies of some countries.
Senior master sergeant (SMSgt) is the eighth enlisted rank (pay grade E-8) in the U.S. Air Force, just above master sergeant and below chief master sergeant and is a senior noncommissioned officer (SNCO).
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Sergeant (abbreviated to Sgt and capitalized when used as a named person's title) is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces.
Sergeant First Class (SFC) is a military rank in some militaries and other uniformed organizations around the world, typically that of a senior non-commissioned officer.
Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world.
Soldat (short: S) may refer to the lowest rank of enlisted men in the land-based armed forces of Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spiegel Online (SPON) is one of the most widely read German-language news websites.
Stabsbootsmann (StBtsm or SB) is the second highest Non-commissioned officer (NCO) rank in the German Navy.
Stabsfeldwebel (StFw or SF) is the second highest Non-commissioned officer (NCO) rank in German Army and German Air Force.
Stabsgefreiter (abbr. StGefr, on lits SG) is the second highest rank of enlisted men of the German Bundeswehr, that might be comparable to specialist (OR-4bThe abbreviation "OR" stands for "Other Ranks / fr: sous-officiers et militaires du rang / ru:другие ранги, кроме офицероф") in Anglophone armed forces.
Stabshauptmann (short: StHptm) meaning "Staff Captain", is a German Senior Captain rank and the highest military rank in the Bundeswehr for specialist officers (Offiziere des Militärfachlichen Dienstes (OffzMilFD)).
Stabskapitänleutnant, short: StKptLt / in lists: SKL, is the highest Fachdienstoffizier rank (en: specialist officer, comparable to US warrant officer) in the German Navy / armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr).
Stabsunteroffizier is a military rank of the German Bundeswehr.
Staff sergeant is a rank of non-commissioned officer used in the armed forces of several countries.
The state of defence (in German: Verteidigungsfall or V-Fall) is the constitutional state of emergency in Germany if the country is "under attack by armed force or imminently threatened with such an attack".
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Sub-lieutenant is a junior military officer rank.
Tanja Kreil (born 1977) is a German electrician notable for filing a lawsuit against the Bundeswehr (Germany's armed forces) with European Court of Justice that forced the German military to allow women to join the armed forces.
Technical sergeant is the name of one current and two former enlisted ranks in the United States military.
The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (official names: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem), commonly the Teutonic Order (Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Theodor Anton Blank (19 September 1905 – 14 May 1972) was a German politician of the CDU.
thyssenkrupp AG is a German multinational conglomerate with focus on industrial engineering and steel production.
The Treaty establishing the European Defence Community is an unratified treaty signed on 27 May 1952 by the six 'inner' countries of European integration; West Germany, France, Italy, and the Benelux countries.
The original Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) was negotiated and concluded during the last years of the Cold War and established comprehensive limits on key categories of conventional military equipment in Europe (from the Atlantic to the Urals) and mandated the destruction of excess weaponry.
The Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany (Vertrag über die abschließende Regelung in Bezug auf Deutschland), or the Two Plus Four Agreement (Zwei-plus-Vier-Vertrag; short: German Treaty), was negotiated in 1990 between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic (the eponymous Two), and the Four Powers which occupied Germany at the end of World War II in Europe: the French Republic, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America.
The German Type 212 class, also Italian Todaro class, is a highly advanced design of non-nuclear submarine developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG (HDW) for the German and Italian navies.
Karl Ernst Ulrich de Maizière (24 February 1912 – 26 August 2006) was a German general.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (قوة الأمم المتحدة المؤقتة في لبنان), or UNIFIL (يونيفيل) and also known as the UN, is a demilitarized zone created by the United Nations, with the adoption of Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 on 19 March 1978, to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon which Israel had invaded five days prior, restore international peace and security, and help the government of Lebanon restore its effective authority in the area.
The United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (بعثة الأمم المتحدة لتنظيم استفتاء في الصحراء الغربية; Mission des Nations Unies pour l'Organisation d'un Référendum au Sahara Occidental; Misión de las Naciones Unidas para la Organización de un Referéndum en el Sáhara Occidental; MINURSO) is the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Western Sahara, established in 1991 under United Nations Security Council Resolution 690 as part of the Settlement Plan, which had paved way for a cease-fire in the conflict between Morocco and the Polisario Front (representing the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic) over the contested territory of Western Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara).
The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) is the newest United Nations peacekeeping mission for the recently independent South Sudan, which became independent on 9 July 2011.
The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations unies pour la stabilisation au Mali, MINUSMA) is a United Nations peacekeeping mission in Mali.
The United Nations Training Center of the Bundeswehr (Vereinte Nationen Ausbildungszentrum der Bundeswehr, VN AusbZ Bw) in Hammelburg was founded in October 1999 and is the training center of the Bundeswehr for preparing military and civilian personnel for UN operations within the framework of international conflict prevention and crisis management.
The African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur (known by its acronym UNAMID) is a joint African Union (AU) and United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission formally approved by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769 on 31 July 2007, to bring stability to the war-torn Darfur region of Sudan while peace talks on a final settlement continue.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
Unteroffizier is a military rank of the Bundeswehr and of former German-speaking armed forces (Heer and Luftwaffe).
Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen (née Albrecht; born 8 October 1958) is a German politician who has been the Minister of Defence since 2013, and she is the first woman in German history to hold that office.
Verena Merethe von Weymarn (born July 16, 1943 in Riga, Latvia) is a retired German medical officer and the first woman in German military history ever to be promoted to general officer rank.
Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal.
Vizeadmiral, short VAdm in lists VADM, (en: Vice admiral) is a senior naval flag officer rank in the German Navy.
The Wachbataillon (full name: Wachbataillon beim Bundesministerium der Verteidigung (WachBtl BMVg) (Guard battalion at the Ministry of Defence)) is the German Bundeswehr's elite drill unit.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
Western Sahara (الصحراء الغربية, Taneẓroft Tutrimt, Spanish and French: Sahara Occidental) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially Moroccan-occupied, bordered by Morocco proper to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Wolf Graf von Baudissin (8 May 1907 – 5 June 1993) was a German general, military planner and peace researcher.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
The 11th Airmobile Brigade (11 Luchtmobiele Brigade) is a rapid and light infantry unit within the Dutch and German forces and can be deployed anywhere on the globe within five to twenty days to defend its own or allied territory, protect the international rule of law and support law enforcement, disaster relief and humanitarian aid.
The 1st Panzer Division ("1. Panzerdivision", short: "1. PzDiv".) is an armoured division of the German Army.
On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia.
43 Mechanized Brigade (43 Gemechaniseerde Brigade) is one of the three brigades of the Royal Netherlands Army.
Armed forces of Germany, Deutsche Bundeswehr, Federal Armed Forces, German Armed Forces, German Bundeswehr, German Military, German armed forces, German military, Germany/Military, Military of Germany.