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Burh

Index Burh

A burh or burg was an Old English fortification or fortified settlement. [1]

75 relations: Accusative case, Alfred the Great, Ancient borough, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Anglo-Saxon London, Æthelflæd, Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians, Æthelstan, Borough, Bridgnorth, British Iron Age, Buckingham, Burg, Burgh, Burgh Castle, Burghal Hidage, Caer, Calque, Castra, Celtic Britons, Celtic toponymy, Chester, Cognate, Cricklade, Dative case, Ditch, Dover, Draft (hull), East Anglia, Edward the Elder, Exeter, Frederic William Maitland, Fyrd, German language, Grammatical number, H. R. Loyn, Hammered coinage, Herepath, Hertford, Hillforts in Britain, Levee, Linguistic reconstruction, List of generic forms in place names in Ireland and the United Kingdom, List of rivers of England, London, Longship, Maldon, Essex, Manor house, Mercia, Middle Ages, ..., Mint (facility), Nominative case, North Germanic languages, Old English, Oxford, Portchester, Proto-Germanic language, Revetment, Roman Britain, Royal Mint, Salisbury, Scottish toponymy, Stafford, Tamworth, Staffordshire, Toponymy of England, Verb, Viking Age, Vikings, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, Wareham, Dorset, Warwick, Welsh toponymy, Wessex, Winchester, York. Expand index (25 more) »

Accusative case

The accusative case (abbreviated) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.

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Alfred the Great

Alfred the Great (Ælfrēd, Ælfrǣd, "elf counsel" or "wise elf"; 849 – 26 October 899) was King of Wessex from 871 to 899.

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Ancient borough

The ancient boroughs were a historic unit of lower-tier local government in England and Wales.

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.

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Anglo-Saxon London

The history of Anglo-Saxon London relates to the history of the city of London during the Anglo-Saxon period, during the 7th to 11th centuries.

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Æthelflæd

Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians (870 – 12 June 918), ruled Mercia in the English Midlands from 911 until her death.

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Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians

Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians (or Ealdorman Æthelred of Mercia; died 911) became ruler of English Mercia shortly after the death of its last king, Ceolwulf II in 879.

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Æthelstan

Æthelstan or Athelstan (Old English: Æþelstan, or Æðelstān, meaning "noble stone"; 89427 October 939) was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to 939.

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Borough

A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.

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Bridgnorth

Bridgnorth is a town in Shropshire, England.

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British Iron Age

The British Iron Age is a conventional name used in the archaeology of Great Britain, referring to the prehistoric and protohistoric phases of the Iron Age culture of the main island and the smaller islands, typically excluding prehistoric Ireland, which had an independent Iron Age culture of its own.

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Buckingham

Buckingham is a town in north Buckinghamshire, England, close to the borders of Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire, which had a population of 12,043 at the 2011 Census.

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Burg

Burg or Bürg may refer to.

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Burgh

A burgh was an autonomous municipal corporation in Scotland and Northern England, usually a town, or toun in Scots.

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Burgh Castle

Burgh Castle is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.

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Burghal Hidage

The Burghal Hidage is an Anglo-Saxon document providing a list of over thirty fortified places (burhs), the majority being in the ancient Kingdom of Wessex, and the taxes (recorded as numbers of hides) assigned for their maintenance.

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Caer

Caer (cair or kair) is a placename element in Welsh meaning "stronghold", "fortress", or "citadel", roughly equivalent to the Old English suffix now variously written as and.

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Calque

In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.

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Castra

In the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the Latin word castrum (plural castra) was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military camp.

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Celtic Britons

The Britons, also known as Celtic Britons or Ancient Britons, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages, at which point their culture and language diverged into the modern Welsh, Cornish and Bretons (among others).

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Celtic toponymy

Celtic toponymy is the study of place names wholly or partially of Celtic origin.

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Chester

Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.

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Cognate

In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.

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Cricklade

Cricklade is a small Cotswold town and civil parish on the River Thames in north Wiltshire, England, midway between Swindon and Cirencester.

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Dative case

The dative case (abbreviated, or sometimes when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case used in some languages to indicate, among other uses, the noun to which something is given, as in "Maria Jacobī potum dedit", Latin for "Maria gave Jacob a drink".

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Ditch

A ditch is a small to moderate depression created to channel water.

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Dover

Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.

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Draft (hull)

The draft or draught of a ship's hull is the vertical distance between the waterline and the bottom of the hull (keel), with the thickness of the hull included; in the case of not being included the draft outline would be obtained.

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East Anglia

East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.

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Edward the Elder

Edward the Elder (c. 874 – 17 July 924) was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 899 until his death.

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Exeter

Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).

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Frederic William Maitland

Frederic William Maitland, FBA (28 May 1850 – 19 December 1906) was an English historian and lawyer who is generally regarded as the modern father of English legal history.

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Fyrd

A fyrd was a type of early Anglo-Saxon army that was mobilised from freemen to defend their shire, or from selected representatives to join a royal expedition.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

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Grammatical number

In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").

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H. R. Loyn

Henry Royston Loyn (16 June 1922 – 9 October 2000), FBA, was a British historian specialising in the history of Anglo-Saxon England.

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Hammered coinage

Hammered coinage is the most common form of coins produced since the invention of coins in the first millennium BC until the early modern period of c. the 15th–17th centuries, contrasting to the cast coinage and the later developed milled coinage.

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Herepath

A herepath or herewag is a military road (literally, an army path) in England, typically dating from the ninth century CE.

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Hertford

Hertford is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district of the county.

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Hillforts in Britain

Hillforts in Britain refers to the various hillforts within the island of Great Britain.

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Levee

14.

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Linguistic reconstruction

Linguistic reconstruction is the practice of establishing the features of an unattested ancestor language of one or more given languages.

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List of generic forms in place names in Ireland and the United Kingdom

The study of place names is called toponymy; for a more detailed examination of this subject in relation to British place names, refer to Toponymy in Great Britain.

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List of rivers of England

This is a list of rivers of England, organised geographically and taken anti-clockwise around the English coast where the various rivers discharge into the surrounding seas, from the Solway Firth on the Scottish border to the Welsh Dee on the Welsh border, and again from the Wye on the Welsh border anti-clockwise to the Tweed on the Scottish border.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Longship

Longships were a type of ship invented and used by the Norsemen (commonly known as the Vikings) for commerce, exploration, and warfare during the Viking Age.

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Maldon, Essex

Maldon (locally) is a town on the Blackwater estuary in Essex, England.

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Manor house

A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor.

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Mercia

Mercia (Miercna rīce) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Mint (facility)

A mint is an industrial facility which manufactures coins that can be used in currency.

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Nominative case

The nominative case (abbreviated), subjective case, straight case or upright case is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.

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North Germanic languages

The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages, along with the West Germanic languages and the extinct East Germanic languages.

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Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

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Oxford

Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.

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Portchester

Portchester is a locality and suburb northwest of Portsmouth, England.

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Proto-Germanic language

Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; German: Urgermanisch; also called Common Germanic, German: Gemeingermanisch) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Revetment

In stream restoration, river engineering or coastal engineering, revetments are sloping structures placed on banks or cliffs in such a way as to absorb the energy of incoming water.

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Roman Britain

Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.

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Royal Mint

The Royal Mint is a government-owned mint that produces coins for the United Kingdom.

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Salisbury

Salisbury is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Nadder, Ebble, Wylye and Bourne.

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Scottish toponymy

Scottish toponymy derives from the languages of Scotland.

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Stafford

Stafford is the county town of Staffordshire, in the West Midlands of England.

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Tamworth, Staffordshire

Tamworth is a large market town in Staffordshire, England, northeast of Birmingham and northwest of London.

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Toponymy of England

The toponymy of England, like the English language itself, derives from various linguistic origins.

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Verb

A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).

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Viking Age

The Viking Age (793–1066 AD) is a period in European history, especially Northern European and Scandinavian history, following the Germanic Iron Age.

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Vikings

Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

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Wallingford, Oxfordshire

Wallingford is an ancient market town and civil parish in the upper Thames Valley in England.

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Wareham, Dorset

Wareham is an historic market town and, under the name Wareham Town, a civil parish, in the English county of Dorset.

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Warwick

Warwick is the county town of Warwickshire, England.

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Welsh toponymy

The placenames of Wales derive in most cases from the Welsh language, but have also been influenced by linguistic contact with the Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings, Anglo-Normans and modern English.

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Wessex

Wessex (Westseaxna rīce, the "kingdom of the West Saxons") was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in the early 10th century.

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Winchester

Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.

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York

York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.

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Redirects here:

-bury, Byrig.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burh

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