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Burma Campaign

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The Burma Campaign was a series of battles fought in the British colony of Burma, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, primarily between the forces of the British Empire and China, with support from the United States, against the invading forces of Imperial Japan, Thailand, and the Indian National Army. [1]

192 relations: Airborne forces, Allies of World War II, American-British-Dutch-Australian Command, Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, Aung San, Axis powers, Azad Hind, Ba Maw, Bago, Myanmar, Battle of Hill 170, Battle of Imphal, Battle of Kohima, Battle of Ramree Island, Battle of the Admin Box, Battle of Toungoo, Battle of Yenangyaung, Battle of Yunnan-Burma Road, Bengal famine of 1943, Bhamo, Bihar, Blitzkrieg, Brahmaputra River, British Empire, British Malaya, British Raj, British rule in Burma, Burma Corps, Burma National Army, Charun Rattanakun Seriroengrit, Cheduba Island, Chiang Kai-shek, Chindits, Chindwin River, Chinese Expeditionary Force, Chongqing, Claude Auchinleck, Colonial Nigeria, Daniel Isom Sultan, Dimapur, Donovan Webster, Du Yuming, Dutch East Indies, Earl Wavell, Empire of Japan, Field marshal, Fifteenth Army (Japan), Force 136, Fourteenth Army (United Kingdom), Gambia Colony and Protectorate, Geoffrey Scoones, ..., George Marshall, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Heitarō Kimura, Hill station, Hui people, Imperial General Headquarters, Imphal, Indaw, Indian National Army, Irrawaddy River, IV Corps (United Kingdom), James Howard Williams, Japanese Burma Area Army, Japanese conquest of Burma, Japanese occupation of Burma, Joseph Stilwell, Julian Thompson (Royal Marines officer), Kabaw Valley, Karen people, Karenni people, Kawkareik, Kayah State, Kōtoku Satō, Kengtung, Kenya Colony, Kingdom of Nepal, Kohima, Kuomintang, Lashio, Ledo Road, Ledo, Assam, Loikaw, Longling County, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Luo Zhuoying, M3 Stuart, Mandalay, Mandalay Palace, Manipur, Masakazu Kawabe, Maungdaw, Mawlamyine, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Meiktila, Merrill's Marauders, Mike Calvert, Miles Dempsey, Mogaung, Monsoon, Montagu Stopford, Myebon, Myitkyina, Myitkyina Airport, Nazi Germany, Normandy landings, North-east Indian railways during World War II, Northern Combat Area Command, Oliver Leese, Operation U-Go, Operation Zipper, Orde Wingate, Orion Publishing Group, OSS Detachment 101, Ouvry Lindfield Roberts, Pacific War, Pakokku, Panlong Subtownship, Patkai, Pegu Range, Phayap Army, Philip Christison, Phin Choonhavan, Phuket Province, Plaek Phibunsongkhram, Pyawbwe, Pyawbwe Township, Quit India Movement, Rakhine State, Ramree Island, Renya Mutaguchi, Republic of China (1912–1949), Robert Grainger Ker Thompson, Royal Air Force, Royal Thai Air Force, Salween River, Second Sino-Japanese War, Shan State, Shan States, Shōjirō Iida, Shōzō Sakurai, Sir John Smyth, 1st Baronet, Sittaung River, South East Asia Command, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, Southern Expeditionary Army Group, Soviet invasion of Manchuria, State of Burma, Subhas Chandra Bose, Sun Li-jen, Taiwan, Tamils, Tanintharyi Region, Taungoo, Tedim, Tengchong, Thailand in World War II, The Hump, Thirty-Third Army (Japan), Twelfth Army (United Kingdom), Twenty-Eighth Army (Japan), Uganda Protectorate, United States, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Center of Military History, Wei Lihuang, West Bengal, William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim, Winston Churchill, World War II, X Force, XV Corps (British India), XXXIII Corps (British India), XXXIV Corps (British India), Y Force, Yangon, Yangon River, Yunnan, 11th (East Africa) Division, 11th Army Group, 15th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 17th Infantry Division (India), 18th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 200th Division (National Revolutionary Army), 255th Indian Tank Brigade, 26th Indian Infantry Division, 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 31st Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 36th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 50th Parachute Brigade (India), 55th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 56th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 5th Infantry Division (India), 7th Indian Infantry Division. Expand index (142 more) »

Airborne forces

Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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American-British-Dutch-Australian Command

The American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command, or ABDACOM, was a short-lived, supreme command for all Allied forces in South East Asia, in early 1942, during the Pacific War in World War II.

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Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell

Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, (5 May 1883 – 24 May 1950) was a senior officer of the British Army.

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Aung San

Bogyoke (Major General) Aung San (13 February 1915 – 19 July 1947) served as the 5th Premier of the British Crown Colony of Burma from 1946 to 1947.

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Axis powers

The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.

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Azad Hind

Ārzī Hukūmat-e-Āzād Hind, the Provisional Government of Free India, or, more simply, Free India (Azad Hind), was an Indian provisional government established in occupied Singapore in 1943 and supported by the Empire of Japan, Nazi Germany, the Italian Social Republic, and their allies.

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Ba Maw

Ba Maw (ဘမော်,; 8 February 1893 – 29 May 1977) was a Burmese political leader, active during the interwar and World War II period.

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Bago, Myanmar

Bago (formerly spelt Pegu;,; ဗဂေါ), formerly known as Hanthawaddy (meaning "She Who Has Swans"), is a city and the capital of the Bago Region in Myanmar.

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Battle of Hill 170

The Battle of Hill 170 was a battle between the British 3rd Commando Brigade and the Japanese 54th Division during the Second World War.

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Battle of Imphal

The Battle of Imphal took place in the region around the city of Imphal, the capital of the state of Manipur in northeast India from March until July 1944.

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Battle of Kohima

The Battle of Kohima was the turning point of the Japanese U Go offensive into India in 1944 during the Second World War.

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Battle of Ramree Island

The Battle of Ramree Island (also Operation Matador) was fought in January and February 1945, during World War II, as part of the XV Indian Corps offensive on the Southern Front in the Burma Campaign.

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Battle of the Admin Box

The Battle of the Admin Box (sometimes referred to as the Battle of Ngakyedauk or the Battle of Sinzweya) took place on the southern front of the Burma Campaign from 5 to 23 February 1944, in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II.

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Battle of Toungoo

The Battle of Toungoo, was one of the key battles in the Battle of Yunnan-Burma Road in the Burma Campaign of World War II and Second Sino-Japanese War.

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Battle of Yenangyaung

The Battle of Yenangyaung was fought in Burma, now Myanmar, during the Burma Campaign in World War II.

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Battle of Yunnan-Burma Road

Battle of Yunnan-Burma Road (Mid March – Early June 1942) was the name of the Chinese intervention to aid their British allies in the 1942 Burma Campaign.

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Bengal famine of 1943

The Bengal famine of 1943 (Bengali: pañcāśēra manvantara) was a major famine in the Bengal province in British India during World War II.

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Bhamo

Bhamo (ဗန်းမော်မြို့ ban: mau mrui., also spelt Banmaw) is a city of Kachin State in the northernmost part of Myanmar, located south from the capital city of the state of Kachin (Myitkyina).

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Bihar

Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.

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Blitzkrieg

Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.

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Brahmaputra River

The Brahmaputra (is one of the major rivers of Asia, a trans-boundary river which flows through China, India and Bangladesh. As such, it is known by various names in the region: Assamese: ব্ৰহ্মপুত্ৰ নদ ('নদ' nôd, masculine form of 'নদী' nôdi "river") Brôhmôputrô; ब्रह्मपुत्र, IAST:; Yarlung Tsangpo;. It is also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra (when referring to the whole river including the stretch within Tibet). The Manas River, which runs through Bhutan, joins it at Jogighopa, in India. It is the ninth largest river in the world by discharge, and the 15th longest. With its origin in the Manasarovar Lake, located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges (including the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon) and into Arunachal Pradesh (India). It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna (not to be mistaken with Yamuna of India). In the vast Ganges Delta, it merges with the Padma, the popular name of the river Ganges in Bangladesh, and finally the Meghna and from here it is known as Meghna before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. About long, the Brahmaputra is an important river for irrigation and transportation. The average depth of the river is and maximum depth is. The river is prone to catastrophic flooding in the spring when Himalayas snow melts. The average discharge of the river is about, and floods can reach over. It is a classic example of a braided river and is highly susceptible to channel migration and avulsion. It is also one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal bore. It is navigable for most of its length. The river drains the Himalaya east of the Indo-Nepal border, south-central portion of the Tibetan plateau above the Ganga basin, south-eastern portion of Tibet, the Patkai-Bum hills, the northern slopes of the Meghalaya hills, the Assam plains, and the northern portion of Bangladesh. The basin, especially south of Tibet, is characterized by high levels of rainfall. Kangchenjunga (8,586 m) is the only peak above 8,000 m, hence is the highest point within the Brahmaputra basin. The Brahmaputra's upper course was long unknown, and its identity with the Yarlung Tsangpo was only established by exploration in 1884–86. This river is often called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra river. The lower reaches are sacred to Hindus. While most rivers on the Indian subcontinent have female names, this river has a rare male name, as it means "son of Brahma" in Sanskrit (putra means "son").

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British Malaya

The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.

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British Raj

The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.

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British rule in Burma

British rule in Burma, also known as British Burma, lasted from 1824 to 1948, from the Anglo-Burmese wars through the creation of Burma as a Province of British India to the establishment of an independently administered colony, and finally independence.

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Burma Corps

The Burma Corps was an Army Corps of the Indian Army during World War II.

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Burma National Army

The Burma National Army (also known as the Burma Independence Army) (ဗမာ့အမျိုးသားတပ်မတော်) served as the armed forces of the puppet Burmese government created by the Japanese during World War II and fought in the Burma Campaign.

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Charun Rattanakun Seriroengrit

Charun Rattanakun Seriroengrit (จรูญ รัตนกุล เสรีเริงฤทธิ์),; October 27, 1895 – July 19, 1983) was a Thai army officer, civil servant and politician.

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Cheduba Island

Cheduba Island (မာန်အောင်ကျွန်း; also known as Manaung Island) is an island in the Bay of Bengal close to Ramree Island and belongs to Myanmar, formerly Burma.

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Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.

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Chindits

The Chindits, known officially as the Long Range Penetration Groups, were special operations units of the British and Indian armies, which saw action in 1943–1944, during the Burma Campaign of World War II.

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Chindwin River

The Chindwin River (ချင်းတွင်းမြစ်) is a river in Burma (Myanmar), and the largest tributary of the country's chief river the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy).

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Chinese Expeditionary Force

The Chinese Expeditionary Force was an expeditionary unit of the Chinese Army that was dispatched to Burma and India in support of the Allied efforts against the Imperial Japanese Army during the Japanese invasion and occupation of Burma in the South-East Asian theatre of the Second World War.

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Chongqing

Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.

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Claude Auchinleck

Field Marshal Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck (21 June 1884 – 23 March 1981) was a British Army commander during the Second World War.

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Colonial Nigeria

Colonial Nigeria was the area of West Africa that later evolved into modern-day Nigeria, during the time of British rule in the 19th and 20th centuries.

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Daniel Isom Sultan

General Daniel Isom Sultan, (December 9, 1885 – January 14, 1947) was an American General during World War II.

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Dimapur

Dimapur is the largest city in Nagaland, India.

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Donovan Webster

Donovan Webster (born January 13, 1959) is an American journalist, author, film-maker, and humanitarian.

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Du Yuming

Du Yuming (1904–1981) was a Kuomintang field commander.

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Dutch East Indies

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.

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Earl Wavell

Earl Wavell was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Field marshal

Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks.

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Fifteenth Army (Japan)

The was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

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Force 136

Force 136 was the general cover name for a branch of the British World War II organisation, the Special Operations Executive (SOE).

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Fourteenth Army (United Kingdom)

The British Fourteenth Army was a multi-national force comprising units from Commonwealth countries during World War II.

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Gambia Colony and Protectorate

The Gambia Colony and Protectorate was the British colonial administration of the Gambia from 1821 to 1965, part of the British Empire in the New Imperialism era.

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Geoffrey Scoones

General Sir Geoffrey Allen Percival Scoones (25 January 1893 – 1975) was a general in the British Indian Army during the Second World War.

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George Marshall

George Catlett Marshall Jr. (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American statesman and soldier.

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Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis

Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction in both the First World War and the Second World War and, afterwards, as Governor General of Canada, the 17th since Canadian Confederation.

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Heitarō Kimura

was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army.

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Hill station

A hill station is a town located at a higher elevation than the nearby plain or valley.

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Hui people

The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.

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Imperial General Headquarters

The was part of the Supreme War Council and was established in 1893 to coordinate efforts between the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during wartime.

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Imphal

Imphal is the capital city of the Indian state of Manipur.

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Indaw

Indaw is a town in northern Burma, in Sagaing Division, Katha District, Indaw Township.

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Indian National Army

The Indian National Army (INA; Azad Hind Fauj; lit.: Free Indian Army) was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II.

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Irrawaddy River

The Irrawaddy River or Ayeyarwady River (also spelt Ayeyarwaddy) is a river that flows from north to south through Myanmar.

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IV Corps (United Kingdom)

IV Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army, formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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James Howard Williams

James Howard Williams, also known as Elephant Bill (15 November 1897 – 30 July 1958), was a British soldier and elephant expert in Burma, known for his work with the Fourteenth Army during the Burma Campaign of World War II, and for his 1950 book Elephant Bill.

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Japanese Burma Area Army

The was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

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Japanese conquest of Burma

The Japanese conquest of Burma was the opening chapter of the Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II, which took place over four years from 1942 to 1945.

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Japanese occupation of Burma

The Japanese occupation of Burma was the period between 1942 and 1945 during World War II, when Burma was occupied by the Empire of Japan.

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Joseph Stilwell

Joseph Warren Stilwell (March 19, 1883 – October 12, 1946) was a United States Army general who served in the China Burma India Theater during World War II.

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Julian Thompson (Royal Marines officer)

Major General Julian Howard Atherden Thompson, (born 7 October 1934) is a military historian and former Royal Marines officer who commanded 3 Commando Brigade during the Falklands War.

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Kabaw Valley

The Kabaw Valley is a highland valley in northern Burma (Myanmar), western Sagaing division.

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Karen people

The Karen, Kayin, Kariang or Yang people (ကညီကလုာ်, ကရင်လူမျိုး,; Per Ploan Poe or Ploan in Pwo Karen and Pwa Ka Nyaw or Kanyaw in Sgaw Karen; กะเหรี่ยง) refer to a number of individual Sino-Tibetan language speaking ethnic groups, many of which do not share a common language or culture.

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Karenni people

The Karenni, also known as the Red Karen, the Kayah or the Kayahli (meaning "red human"), are a Sino-Tibetan people living mostly in Kayah State, Myanmar (Burma).

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Kawkareik

Kawkareik (ကော့ကရိတ်; ကီၢ်ကရံၣ်ဝ့ၢ်ဖိ) is a town in the Karen State of south Myanmar (Burma).

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Kayah State

Kayah State (ကယားပြည်နယ်, formerly, Karenni State) is a state of Myanmar.

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Kōtoku Satō

was a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.

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Kengtung

Kengtung (Shan:;,; เชียงตุง,,; also spelled Kyaingtong, Chiang Tung, Cheingtung, and Kengtong) is a town in Shan State, Myanmar (formerly Burma).

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Kenya Colony

The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was part of the British Empire in Africa from 1920 until 1963.

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Kingdom of Nepal

The Hindu Kingdom of Nepal (नेपाल अधिराज्य), also known as the Kingdom of Gorkha (गोर्खा अधिराज्य), was a Hindu kingdom formed in 1768 by the unification of Nepal.

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Kohima

Kohima is the hilly capital city of India's north eastern state of Nagaland.

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Kuomintang

The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.

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Lashio

Lashio (လႃႈသဵဝ်ႈ) is the largest town in northern Shan State, Myanmar, about north-east of Mandalay.

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Ledo Road

The Ledo Road (লিডু, လီဒိုလမ်းမကြီး) (from Ledo, Assam, India to Kunming, Yunnan, China) was an overland connection between India and China, built during World War II to enable the Western Allies to deliver supplies to China, to aid the war effort against Japan — as an alternative to the Burma Road became required, once that had been cut-off by the Japanese in 1942.

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Ledo, Assam

Ledo (লিডু) is a small town in Tinsukia district, Assam, India.

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Loikaw

Loikaw is the capital of Kayah State in Myanmar.

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Longling County

Longling County is a county in Baoshan City, in the west of Yunnan Province, China, bordering Burma's Shan State to the south.

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Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma

Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, (born Prince Louis of Battenberg; 25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979) was a British Royal Navy officer and statesman, an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and second cousin once removed of Queen Elizabeth II.

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Luo Zhuoying

Luo Zhuoying (1896–1961) was a Republic of China General (二級上将).

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M3 Stuart

The M3 Stuart, officially Light Tank, M3, was an American light tank of World War II.

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Mandalay

Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Myanmar (Burma).

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Mandalay Palace

The Mandalay Palace (မန္တလေး နန်းတော်), located in Mandalay, Myanmar, is the last royal palace of the last Burmese monarchy.

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Manipur

Manipur is a state in Northeast India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.

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Masakazu Kawabe

was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army.

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Maungdaw

Maungdaw is a town in Rakhine State, in the western part of Myanmar (Burma).

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Mawlamyine

Mawlamyine (also spelled Mawlamyaing; မတ်မလီု), formerly Moulmein, is the fourth largest city of Myanmar (Burma), World Gazetteer 300 km south east of Yangon and 70 km south of Thaton, at the mouth of Thanlwin (Salween) River.

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Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.

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Meiktila

Meiktila is a city in central Burma on the banks of Meiktila Lake in the Mandalay Region at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways.

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Merrill's Marauders

Merrill’s Marauders (named after Frank Merrill) or Unit Galahad, officially named the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), was a United States Army long range penetration special operations jungle warfare unit, which fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II, or China-Burma-India Theater (CBI).

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Mike Calvert

James Michael Calvert DSO and Bar (6 March 1913 – 26 November 1998) was a British soldier involved in special operations in Burma during World War II.

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Miles Dempsey

General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.

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Mogaung

Mogaung (မိုးကောင်း; Shan: Mong Kawng) is a town in Kachin State, Myanmar.

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Monsoon

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Montagu Stopford

General Sir Montagu George North Stopford (16 November 1892 – 10 March 1971) was a senior British Army officer who fought during both World War I and World War II.

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Myebon

Myebon (မြေပုံမြို့ Myebon Township) is a town of Mrauk-U District in Rakhine State, Myanmar (Burma).

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Myitkyina

Myitkyina ((Eng; mitchinar) Kachin: Myitkyina) is the capital city of Kachin State in Myanmar (Burma), located from Yangon, and from Mandalay.

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Myitkyina Airport

Myitkyina Airport is an airport in Myitkyina, Burma.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Normandy landings

The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.

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North-east Indian railways during World War II

The efficient running of the North-east Indian railways during World War II became critical to the success of the Allied war effort in the South-East Asian Theatre.

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Northern Combat Area Command

The Northern Combat Area Command or NCAC was a subcommand of the Allied South East Asia Command (SEAC) during World War II.

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Oliver Leese

Lieutenant General Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, 3rd Baronet, (27 October 1894 – 22 January 1978) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during both the world wars.

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Operation U-Go

The U Go offensive, or Operation C (ウ号作戦 U Gō sakusen), was the Japanese offensive launched in March 1944 against forces of the British Empire in the northeast Indian regions of Manipur and the Naga Hills (then administered as part of Assam).

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Operation Zipper

During World War II, Operation Zipper was a British plan to capture either Port Swettenham or Port Dickson, Malaya as staging areas for the recapture of Singapore in Operation Mailfist.

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Orde Wingate

Orde Charles Wingate & Two Bars (26 February 1903 – 24 March 1944) was a senior British Army officer, known for his creation of the Chindit deep-penetration missions in Japanese-held territory during the Burma Campaign of World War II.

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Orion Publishing Group

Orion Publishing Group Ltd.

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OSS Detachment 101

Detachment 101 of the Office of Strategic Services (formed under the Office of the Coordinator of Information just weeks before it evolved into the OSS) operated in the China-Burma-India Theater of World War II.

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Ouvry Lindfield Roberts

General Sir Ouvry Lindfield Roberts (3 April 1898 – 16 March 1986) was a senior officer of the British Army and the British Indian Army during World War I and World War II.

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Pacific War

The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.

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Pakokku

Pakokku (ပခုက္ကူ) is a city in the Magway Region in Myanmar, also known as Burma.

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Panlong Subtownship

Panlong Subtownship is a subtownship of the Wa Self-Administered Division of Shan State, formerly and conterminously part of Hopang District.

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Patkai

The Pat-kai (Pron: ˈpʌtˌkaɪ) or Patkai Bum meaning "to cut (pat) chicken (Kai)" in Tai-Ahom language are the hills on India's north-eastern border with Burma or Myanmar.

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Pegu Range

The Pegu Range (ပဲခူးရိုးမ, Pegu Yoma or Bago Yoma) is a range of low mountains or hillsSeekins, Donald M. (2006) Historical dictionary of Burma (Myanmar) Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland,, and uplands between the Irrawaddy and the Sittaung River in central Burma (Myanmar).

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Phayap Army

Phayap Army (กองทัพพายัพ RTGS: Thap Phayap or Payap, northwest) was the Thai force that invaded the Shan States of Burma on 10 May 1942 during the Burma Campaign of World War II.

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Philip Christison

General Sir (Alexander Frank) Philip Christison, 4th Baronet, (17 November 1893 – 21 December 1993) was a British Army officer who served with distinction during the world wars.

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Phin Choonhavan

Field Marshal Phin Choonhavan (ผิน ชุณหะวัณ;; 1891–1973) was a Thai military leader and Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand.

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Phuket Province

Phuket (ภูเก็ต,, Talang or Tanjung Salang) is one of the southern provinces (''changwat'') of Thailand.

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Plaek Phibunsongkhram

Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram (แปลก พิบูลสงคราม;; alternatively transcribed as Pibulsongkram or Pibulsonggram; 銮披汶·颂堪; 14 July 1897 – 11 June 1964), locally known as Chomphon Por (อมพล ป.), contemporarily known as Phibun (Pibul) in the West, was the longest serving 3rd Prime Minister of Thailand and fascist leader of Thailand from 1938 to 1944 and 1948 to 1957.

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Pyawbwe, Pyawbwe Township

Pyawbwe is a town in the Mandalay Division of central Myanmar.

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Quit India Movement

The Quit India Movement or the India August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.

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Rakhine State

Rakhine State (Rakhine pronunciation;; formerly Arakan) is a state in Myanmar (Burma).

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Ramree Island

Ramree Island (ရမ်းဗြဲကျွန်း; also spelt Rahmee Island) is an island off the coast of Rakhine State, Burma.

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Renya Mutaguchi

was a Japanese military officer, lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

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Republic of China (1912–1949)

The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.

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Robert Grainger Ker Thompson

Sir Robert Grainger Ker Thompson KBE CMG DSO MC (1916–1992) was a British military officer and counter-insurgency expert and "He was widely regarded on both sides of the Atlantic as the world's leading expert on countering the Mao Tse-tung technique of rural guerrilla insurgency".

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Royal Thai Air Force

The Royal Thai Air Force or RTAF (กองทัพอากาศไทย) is the air force of the Kingdom of Thailand.

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Salween River

The Salween, known in China as the Nu River, is a river about long that flows from the Tibetan Plateau into the Andaman Sea in Southeast Asia.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Shan State

Shan State (Burmese: ရှမ်းပြည်နယ်,; Shan: မိူင်းတႆး) is a state of Myanmar.

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Shan States

Shan States and British Shan States (1885 - 1948) is an historic name for Minor Kingdoms (analogous to Princely state of British India) ruled by Saopha (similar to Thai royal title Chao Fa Prince or Princess) in large areas of today's Burma (Myanmar), China's Yunnan Province, Laos and Northern Thailand from the late 13th century until the mid-20th century.

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Shōjirō Iida

was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.

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Shōzō Sakurai

was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.

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Sir John Smyth, 1st Baronet

Brigadier Sir John George Smyth, 1st Baronet, (25 October 1893 – 26 April 1983), often known as Jackie Smyth, was a British Indian Army officer and a Conservative Member of Parliament.

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Sittaung River

The Sittaung (စစ်တောင်းမြစ်; formerly, the Sittang or Sittoung) is a river in south central Myanmar in Bago Division.

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South East Asia Command

South East Asia Command (SEAC) was the body set up to be in overall charge of Allied operations in the South-East Asian Theatre during World War II.

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South-East Asian theatre of World War II

The South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was the name given to the campaigns of the Pacific War in Burma, Ceylon, India, Thailand, Philippines, Indochina, Malaya and Singapore.

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Southern Expeditionary Army Group

The was an army group of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

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Soviet invasion of Manchuria

The Soviet invasion of Manchuria, formally known as the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation (Манчжурская стратегическая наступательная операция, lit. Manchzhurskaya Strategicheskaya Nastupatelnaya Operatsiya) or simply the Manchurian Operation (Маньчжурская операция), began on 9 August 1945 with the Soviet invasion of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo.

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State of Burma

The State of Burma (ဗမာ) was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan, created in 1943 during the Japanese occupation of Burma in World War II.

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Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.

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Sun Li-jen

Sun Li-jen (December 8, 1900 – November 19, 1990) KBE was a Chinese Nationalist (KMT) general, a graduate of Virginia Military Institute, best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War.

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Tamils

The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar, Tamilans, or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory of Puducherry, or the Northern, Eastern Province and Puttalam District of Sri Lanka.

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Tanintharyi Region

Tanintharyi Region (တနင်္သာရီတိုင်းဒေသကြီး,; Mon: or; Tanah Sari; formerly Tenasserim Division and subsequently Tanintharyi Division) is an administrative region of Myanmar, covering the long narrow southern part of the country on the Kra Isthmus.

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Taungoo

Taungoo (also spelled Toungoo) is a district-level city in the Bago Region of Myanmar, 220 km from Yangon, towards the north-eastern end of the division, with mountain ranges to the east and west.

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Tedim

Tedim (တီတိန်မြို့; Official name Tiddim) is a town in and the administrative seat of Tedim Township, Chin State, in the north-western part of Burma.

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Tengchong

Tengchong is a county-level city of Baoshan City, western Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Thailand in World War II

Thailand in World War II officially adopted a position of neutrality until it was invaded by Japan in December 1941.

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The Hump

The Hump was the name given by Allied pilots in the Second World War to the eastern end of the Himalayan Mountains over which they flew military transport aircraft from India to China to resupply the Chinese war effort of Chiang Kai-shek and the units of the United States Army Air Forces (AAF) based in China.

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Thirty-Third Army (Japan)

The was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the final days of World War II.

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Twelfth Army (United Kingdom)

The Twelfth Army was a British Army formation during the Second World War.

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Twenty-Eighth Army (Japan)

The was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the final days of World War II.

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Uganda Protectorate

The British Protectorate of Uganda was a protectorate of the British Empire from 1894 to 1962.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Army Air Forces

The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.

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United States Army Center of Military History

The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.

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Wei Lihuang

Wei Lihuang (16 February 1897 – 17 January 1960) was a Chinese general who served the Nationalist government throughout the Chinese Civil War and Second Sino-Japanese War as one of China's most successful military commanders.

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West Bengal

West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.

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William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim

Field Marshal William Joseph Slim, 1st Viscount Slim, (6 August 1891 – 14 December 1970), usually known as Bill Slim, was a British military commander and the 13th Governor-General of Australia.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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X Force

X Force was the name given to the portion of the National Revolutionary Army's Chinese Expeditionary Force that retreated from Burma into India in 1942.

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XV Corps (British India)

The XV Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Indian Army, which was formed in India during World War II.

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XXXIII Corps (British India)

The British Indian XXXIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the Indian Army during World War II.

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XXXIV Corps (British India)

The Indian XXXIVu Corps was formed in March 1945 to be part of the British Fourteenth Army for Operation Zipper, the invasion of British Malaya.

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Y Force

Y Force was the South East Asia Command designation given to Chinese National Revolutionary Army forces that re-entered Burma from Yunnan in 1944 as one of the Allies fighting in Burma Campaign of World War II.

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Yangon

Yangon (ရန်ကုန်မြို့, MLCTS rankun mrui,; formerly known as Rangoon, literally: "End of Strife") was the capital of the Yangon Region of Myanmar, also known as Burma.

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Yangon River

The Yangon River (also known as the Rangoon River or Hlaing River) is formed by the confluence of the Pegu and Myitmaka rivers in Myanmar.

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Yunnan

Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.

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11th (East Africa) Division

The 11th (East Africa) Infantry Division was a British Empire colonial unit formed in February 1943 during World War II.

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11th Army Group

The 11th Army Group was the main British Army force in Southeast Asia during the Second World War.

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15th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army.

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17th Infantry Division (India)

The 17th Infantry Division is a formation of the Indian Army.

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18th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.

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200th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

The 200th Division was the first mechanised division in the National Revolutionary Army.

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255th Indian Tank Brigade

The 255th Indian Tank Brigade was an armoured brigade of the Indian Army during World War II.

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26th Indian Infantry Division

The 26th Indian Infantry Division, was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.

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2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 2nd Infantry Division was a Regular Army infantry division of the British Army, with a long history.

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31st Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.

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36th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 36th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.

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50th Parachute Brigade (India)

The 50th Parachute Brigade is a brigade-sized formation of the Indian Army, first formed in 1941.

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55th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

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56th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.

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5th Infantry Division (India)

The 5th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II that fought in several theatres of war and was nicknamed the "Ball of Fire".

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7th Indian Infantry Division

The 7th Indian Infantry Division was a war-formed infantry division, part of the Indian Army during World War II that saw service in the Burma Campaign.

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Redirects here:

Arakan Campaign 1943-1944, Arakan Campaign 1943-44, Arakan Campaign 1943–1944, Arakan Campaign 1943–44, Burma 1942-45, Burma 1942–45, Burma 1943, Burma 1943-1944, Burma 1943-44, Burma 1943-45, Burma 1943–44, Burma 1943–45, Burma 1944-1945, Burma 1944-45, Burma 1944–45, Burma campaign, Central Burma Campaign, First Arakan offensive, India-Burma Campaign, India–Burma Campaign, Japanese invasion of India 1944, Operation Talon, Recapture of Burma, Second Arakan Offensive.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burma_Campaign

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