264 relations: Abushiri revolt, Adrien Sibomana, African Great Lakes, African socialism, African Union, African Union Mission in Burundi, African Union Mission to Somalia, Agathon Rwasa, Aid, Albertine Rift, Allies of World War I, Amnesty, Amnesty International, Anglicanism, Arrest, Arusha, Arusha Accords (Burundi), Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira, Association football, Bank of the Republic of Burundi, BBC, BBC News, Belgian overseas colonies, Belgium, Bicameralism, Bill Clinton, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, British Empire, Brussels Airlines, Bujumbura, Bujumbura International Airport, Burundi Bwacu, Burundian Civil War, Burundian constitutional referendum, 2005, Burundian franc, Burundian genocides, Burundian legislative election, 1961, Burundian legislative election, 1965, Burundian legislative election, 2015, Burundian presidential election, 2015, Burundian unrest (2015–present), Bururi Province, Cape Town, Cassava, Catholic Church in Burundi, Centime, Central Africa, Central Africa Time, Central bank, Central Intelligence Agency, ..., Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, Charles Nqakula, China, Christianity in Burundi, Civil disorder, Civil war, Cobalt, Collines of Burundi, Communes of Burundi, Congo Crisis, Congolese franc, Constitutional monarchy, Copper, Crimes against humanity, Cyprien Ntaryamira, Deforestation, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Domitien Ndayizeye, Dynasty, East Africa, East African Campaign (World War I), East African Community, East African Federation, East African Railway Master Plan, East African Rift, Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries, Economic reconstruction, Eid al-Fitr, Emigration, English language, Ethiopian Airlines, Ethnic cleansing, Extrajudicial killing, Forced disappearance, Foreign Policy, France, Freedom of religion in Burundi, French language, Front for Democracy in Burundi, Gendarmerie, Genocide, Geological Museum of Burundi, George Mason University, German East Africa, German East Africa Company, German Empire, Gitega, Gland, Switzerland, Global Hunger Index, Great Lakes Twa, Habitat destruction, Head of government, Head of state, HIV/AIDS, Homosexuality, Human overpopulation, Human rights, Human Rights Watch, Hutu, Ikembe, Index of Burundi-related articles, International Criminal Court, International Futures, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Irreligion, Islam in Burundi, Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, Jean-Claude Kavumbagu, Jean-Pierre Nimbona, Julius Nyerere, July 1966 Burundian coup d'état, Juvénal Habyarimana, Kagera River, Karyenda, Kenya Airways, Kibira National Park, Kigali International Airport, Kigoma, Kingdom of Burundi, Kirundi, Lake Force, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Landlocked country, League of Nations, League of Nations mandate, List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, List of political parties in Burundi, List of Presidents of Burundi, Literacy, Living Museum of Bujumbura, Louis Rwagasore, Madison, Wisconsin, Maize, Malnutrition, Mancala, Martyazo, Melchior Ndadaye, Michel Micombero, Microfinance, Military dictatorship, Military of Burundi, Mohamed Tchité, Mount Heha, MV Mwongozo, Mwambutsa IV of Burundi, Nairobi, Nation, National Assembly (Burundi), National Liberation Front (Burundi), National Museum of Gitega, National park, Nelson Mandela, Nile, November 1966 Burundian coup d'état, Ntare V of Burundi, Nyanza Lac, Nyungwe Forest, Official language, One-party state, Oral tradition, Outline of Burundi, Parliament of Burundi, Patricia Daley, Pea, Pew Research Center, Philadelphia, Pierre Buyoya, Pierre Ngendandumwe, Pierre Nkurunziza, Plateau, Platinum, Political party, Population growth, Presidential system, Pretoria, Prisoner of conscience, Protestantism, Provinces of Burundi, Rape, Refugee camp, Religion in Burundi, Representative democracy, Republic, Royal Drummers of Burundi, Ruanda-Urundi, Rumonge, Rumonge Province, Rurubu River, Ruvubu National Park, Ruvyironza River, Rwanda, RwandAir, Rwandan Revolution, Satisfaction with Life Index, Senate (Burundi), Soil erosion, Sorghum, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsistence agriculture, Sultanate of Zanzibar, Sunni Islam, Sweet potato, Sylvestre Ntibantunganya, Tabora, Tanganyika, Tanzania, Telephone numbers in Burundi, Thabo Mbeki, The Bronx, Torture, Total fertility rate, Traditional African religions, Treaty of Versailles, Tribunal, Tropical rainforest climate, Truth and reconciliation commission, Tutsi, Twa, Uganda, Umuduri, UNESCO, Union for National Progress, United Nations, United Nations Human Rights Council, United Nations Security Council, United Nations trust territories, United States, United States Department of State, United States Institute of Peace, University of Burundi, University of Chicago, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Uranium, Vice-President of Burundi, War crime, Western world, Wildlife, World Economic Forum, World Food Programme, World Happiness Report, World Health Organization, World War I, World War II, Zaire, Zither, .bi, 1965 Burundian coup d'état attempt, 1976 Burundian coup d'état, 1987 Burundian coup d'état, 1996 Burundian coup d'état, 2015 Burundian coup d'état attempt. 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The Abushiri revolt was an insurrection in 1888–1889 by the Arab and Swahili population of the areas of the East African coast which were granted (under protest) to Germany by the Sultan of Zanzibar in 1888.
Adrien Sibomana (born Bukeye, Muramvya September 4, 1953) was the prime minister of Burundi from October 19, 1988, until July 10, 1993.
The African Great Lakes (Maziwa Makuu) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.
African socialism is a belief in sharing economic resources in a traditional African way, as distinct from classical socialism.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
The African Union Mission in Burundi or AMIB was a military force of the African Union deployed to Burundi in 2003 during the Burundian Civil War.
The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is an active, regional peacekeeping mission operated by the African Union with the approval of the United Nations in Somalia.
Agathon Rwasa is a Burundian politician and the leader of the National Liberation Forces (Forces pour la Libération Nationale, FNL).
In international relations, aid (also known as international aid, overseas aid, foreign aid or foreign assistance) is – from the perspective of governments – a voluntary transfer of resources from one country to another.
The Albertine Rift is the western branch of the East African Rift, covering parts of Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
Amnesty (from the Greek ἀμνηστία amnestia, "forgetfulness, passing over") is defined as: "A pardon extended by the government to a group or class of people, usually for a political offense; the act of a sovereign power officially forgiving certain classes of people who are subject to trial but have not yet been convicted." It includes more than pardon, inasmuch as it obliterates all legal remembrance of the offense.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
An arrest is the act of apprehending a person and taking them into custody, usually because they have been suspected of committing or planning a crime.
Arusha is a city in north eastern Tanzania and the capital of the Arusha Region, with a population of 416,442 plus 323,198 in the surrounding Arusha District (2012 census).
The Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement, widely known as the Arusha Accords (Accords d'Arusha), was a transitional peace treaty which brought the Burundian Civil War to an end.
The assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira on the evening of 6 April 1994 was the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Bank of the Republic of Burundi (Banque de la République du Burundi, BRB) is the central bank of Burundi.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belgium controlled two colonies during its history: the Belgian Congo from 1885 to 1960 and Ruanda-Urundi from 1916 to 1962.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali (بطرس بطرس غالي,; 14 November 1922 – 16 February 2016) was an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from January 1992 to December 1996.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
Brussels Airlines (stylized as brussels airlines) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Belgium, based and headquartered at Brussels Airport.
Bujumbura, (formerly Usumbura), is the capital, largest city, and main port of Burundi.
Bujumbura International Airport is an airport in Bujumbura, the capital of Burundi.
Burundi Bwacu (Our Burundi) is the national anthem of Burundi.
The Burundian Civil War was an armed conflict lasting from 1993 to 2005.
A constitutional referendum was held in Burundi on 28 February 2005.
The franc (ISO 4217 code is BIF) is the currency of Burundi.
Since Burundi's independence in 1962, there have been two events called genocides in the country.
Parliamentary elections were held in Burundi on 8 September 1961 in order to install a government to rule the country following independence from Belgium on 1 July 1962.
Parliamentary elections were held in Burundi on 10 May 1965, the first since independence in 1962.
Parliamentary elections were held in Burundi on 29 June 2015.
Presidential elections were held in Burundi on 21 July 2015.
On 25 April 2015, the ruling political party in Burundi, the National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD), announced that the incumbent President of Burundi, Pierre Nkurunziza, would run for a third term in the 2015 presidential election.
Bururi Province is one of the eighteen provinces of Burundi.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
The Roman Catholic Church in Burundi is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
Centime (from centesimus) is French for "cent", and is used in English as the name of the fraction currency in several Francophone countries (including Switzerland, Algeria, Belgium, Morocco and France).
Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
Central Africa Time, or CAT, is a time zone used in central and southern Africa.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter sets out the UN Security Council's powers to maintain peace.
Charles Nqakula (born 13 September 1942) is a South African politician who served as Minister of Defence from September 2008 to 2009.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christianity is the majority religion of Burundi.
Civil disorder, also known as civil disturbance or civil unrest, is an activity arising from a mass act of civil disobedience (such as a demonstration, riot, or strike) in which the participants become hostile toward authority, and authorities incur difficulties in maintaining public safety and order, over the disorderly crowd.
A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country.
Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27.
The Communes of Burundi are divided into 2,639 collines.
The provinces of Burundi are subdivided into 119 communes.
The Congo Crisis (Crise congolaise) was a period of political upheaval and conflict in the Republic of the Congo (today the Democratic Republic of the Congo) between 1960 and 1965.
The franc is the currency of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population.
Cyprien Ntaryamira (6 March 1955 – 6 April 1994) was President of Burundi from 5 February 1994 until his death while he was on Juvénal Habyarimana's plane that was shot down.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
Domitien Ndayizeye (born May 2, 1951 in Murango, Kayanza Province) is a Burundian politician who was President of Burundi from 2003 to 2005.
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family,Oxford English Dictionary, "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
The East African Campaign in World War I was a series of battles and guerrilla actions, which started in German East Africa (GEA) and spread to portions of Portuguese Mozambique, Northern Rhodesia, British East Africa, the Uganda Protectorate, and the Belgian Congo.
The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
The East African Federation (Swahili: Shirikisho la Afrika Mashariki) is a proposed political union of the six sovereign states of the East African CommunityBurundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Ugandaas a single federated sovereign state.
The East African Railway Master Plan is a proposal for rejuvenating railways serving Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda and adding railways to serve Rwanda and Burundi.
The East African Rift (EAR) is an active continental rift zone in East Africa.
The Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (ECGLC) (in French CEPGL - Communauté Économique des Pays des Grand Lacs) is a sub-regional organization with multiple purposes created by the signing of the Agreement of Gisenyi in Rwanda on September 20, 1976, aiming at isuring the safety of member states, favoring the creation and development of activities of public interest, promoting the trades and traffic of persons and possessions, and establishing close cooperation among all domains of political, economic, and social life.
Economic reconstruction refers to a process for creating a proactive vision of economic change.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
Emigration is the act of leaving a resident country or place of residence with the intent to settle elsewhere.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ethiopian Airlines (የኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ (Yäitəyop̣əya äyärə mänəgädə); የኢትዮጵያ (Yäitəyop̣əya) in short), formerly Ethiopian Air Lines (EAL) and often referred to as simply Ethiopian, is Ethiopia's flag carrier and is wholly owned by the country's government.
Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or racial groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.
An extrajudicial killing (also known as extrajudicial execution) is the killing of a person by governmental authorities without the sanction of any judicial proceeding or legal process.
In international human rights law, a forced disappearance (or enforced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person's fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.
Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Constitution of Burundi provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The Front for Democracy in Burundi (Front pour la Démocratie au Burundi, FRODEBU) is a Hutu progressive political party in Burundi.
Wrong info! --> A gendarmerie or gendarmery is a military component with jurisdiction in civil law enforcement.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
The Geological Museum of Burundi (Musée de Géologie du Burundi) is a museum of Burundi.
George Mason University (GMU, Mason, or George Mason) is a public research university in Fairfax County, Virginia.
German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika) (GEA) was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and the mainland part of Tanzania.
The German East Africa Company (Deutsch-Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft, abbreviated DOAG) was a chartered colonial organization which brought about the establishment of German East Africa, a territory which eventually comprised the areas of modern Tanzania, Burundi, and Rwanda.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Gitega (formerly Kitega) is the second largest city in Burundi, lying east of Bujumbura.
Gland is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation.
The Great Lakes Twa, also known as Batwa, Abatwa or Ge-Sera, are a pygmy people who are generally assumed to be the oldest surviving population of the Great Lakes region of central Africa, though currently they live as a Bantu caste.
Habitat destruction is the process in which natural habitat is rendered unable to support the species present.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
The Hutu, also known as the Abahutu, are a Bantu ethnic group native to African Great Lakes region of Africa, primarily area now under Burundi and Rwanda.
Ikembe, is a type of musical instrument of the lamellaphone group, common amongst the Bahutu of Rwanda, Burundi and the Congo.
These are some of the articles related to Burundi on the English Wikipedia: Thierry Charlier, "L'armee burundaise aujourd'hui", in RAIDS magazine No 317, Octobre 2012, pages 28 a 30.
The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) is an international organization bringing together more than 750 LGBTI groups from around the world.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
Islam is a minority religion in Burundi where approximately 90 percent of the national population are followers of Christianity.
Colonel Jean-Baptiste Bagaza (1946–2016) was a Burundian soldier and politician who ruled Burundi as president and de facto military dictator from November 1976 to September 1987.
Jean-Claude Kavumbagu is a Burundian Internet journalist who has been arrested on multiple occasions for issues related to his reporting.
Jean-Pierre Nimbona, also referred to as Kidum, is a Nairobi-based musician.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere (13 April 1922 – 14 October 1999) was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, politician, and political theorist.
On 8 July 1966, a coup d'état took place in the Kingdom of Burundi.
Juvénal Habyarimana (March 8, 1937 – April 6, 1994) was the 2nd President of the Republic of Rwanda, serving longer than any other president to date, from 1973 until 1994.
The Kagera River, also Akagera River, or Alexandra Nile, is an East African river, forming part of the upper headwaters of the Nile and carrying water from its most distant source.
The karyenda is a traditional African drum.
Kenya Airways Ltd., more commonly known as Kenya Airways, is the flag carrier airline of Kenya.
The Kibira National Park is a national park in northwestern Burundi.
Kigali International Airport, formerly known as Gregoire Kayibanda International Airport, but sometimes referred to as Kanombe International Airport, is the primary airport serving Kigali, the capital of Rwanda.
Kigoma is a town and lake port in north western Tanzania, on the north eastern shores of Lake Tanganyika and close to the border with Burundi and The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Kingdom of Burundi (Royaume du Burundi) or Kingdom of Urundi (Royaume d'Urundi) was a polity ruled by a traditional monarch in modern-day Republic of Burundi in the Great Lakes region of East Africa.
Kirundi, also known as Rundi, is a Bantu language spoken by 9 million people in Burundi and adjacent parts of Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as in Uganda.
Lake Force (or Lakeforce) was a unit of the British Army stationed in the Uganda Protectorate on the west coast of Lake Victoria under the command of Brigadier-General Sir Charles Crewe in 1916, during the East African campaign of the First World War (1914–18).
Lake Tanganyika is an African Great Lake.
Lake Victoria (Nam Lolwe in Luo; Nalubaale in Luganda; Nyanza in Kinyarwanda and some Bantu languages) is one of the African Great Lakes.
A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.
Three lists of countries below calculate gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
This article lists political parties in Burundi.
This article lists the Presidents of Burundi since the formation of the post of President of Burundi in 1966 (following the November coup d'état), to the present day.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
The Living Museum of Bujumbura (Musée Vivant de Bujumbura) is a zoo and museum in Burundi.
Crown Prince Louis Rwagasore (10 January 1932 – 13 October 1961) was a Burundian Royal and politician who is considered a significant figure in the history of Burundi nationalism.
Madison is the capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the seat of Dane County.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Mancala is one of the oldest games played.
The Republic of Martyazo (République de Martyazo) was a secessionist state proclaimed by Hutu rebels in Burundi on 1 May 1972.
Melchior Ndadaye (March 28, 1953 – October 21, 1993) was a Burundian intellectual and politician.
General Michel Micombero (August 26, 1940 – July 16, 1983) was a Burundian politician and soldier who ruled the country as its first president and de facto dictator for the decade between 1966 and 1976.
Microfinance initially had a limited definition - the provision of microloans to poor entrepreneurs and small businesses lacking access to banking and related services.
A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.
The National Defence Force is the state military organisation responsible for the defence of Burundi.
Mohamed "Mémé" Gasana Tchité (born 31 January 1984) is a footballer who plays for Belgian club R.W.S. Bruxelles as a striker.
Mount Heha is the highest mountain in Burundi and the highest point in the Burundi Highlands mountain range.
MV Mwongozo is a mixed passenger and cargo ferry on Lake Tanganyika operated by the Marine Services Company Limited.
Mwambutsa IV Bangiricenge (6 May 1912 – 26 March 1977) was king (mwami) of Burundi who ruled between 1915 and 1966.
Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya.
A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
The National Assembly is the lower chamber of Parliament in Burundi.
The National Liberation Front (Front de Libération Nationale - FROLINA) is an ethnically Hutu rebel group that sometimes functions as a political party in Burundi.
The National Museum of Gitega (Musée National de Gitega, Iratiro ry'akaranga k'Uburundi) is the national museum of Burundi.
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
The Nile River (النيل, Egyptian Arabic en-Nīl, Standard Arabic an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Jtrw; Biblical Hebrew:, Ha-Ye'or or, Ha-Shiḥor) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is commonly regarded as the longest river in the world, though some sources cite the Amazon River as the longest.
On 26 November 1966, Michel Micombero, Burundi's 26-year-old Prime Minister ousted the 19-year-old Burundian King, Ntare V, in a coup d'état.
Ntare V of Burundi (born Charles Ndizeye, 2 December 1947 — 29 April 1972) was the last king of Burundi (or Mwami) from July to November 1966.
Nyanza Lac is a city in southern Burundi, in Makamba Province.
The Nyungwe rainforest is located in southwestern Rwanda, at the border with Burundi, to the south, and Lake Kivu and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication where in knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved and transmitted orally from one generation to another.
The location of Burundi An enlargeable map of the Republic of Burundi The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Burundi: The Republic of Burundi is a small sovereign country located in the Great Lakes region of Africa.
The Parliament of Burundi consists of two chambers.
Patricia O. Daley is a Jamaican human geographer and academic, specialising in forced migration, political ecology, and Africa.
The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Major Pierre Buyoya (born 24 November 1949 in Rutovu, Bururi Province) is a Burundian politician who has ruled Burundi twice, from 1987 to 1993 and from 1996 to 2003.
Pierre Ngendandumwe (1930 – January 15, 1965) was a Burundian political figure.
Pierre Nkurunziza (born 18 December 1963) is a Burundian politician who has been President of Burundi since 2005.
In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng, South Africa.
Prisoner of conscience (POC) is a term coined by Peter Benenson in a 28 May 1961 article ("The Forgotten Prisoners") for the London Observer newspaper.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Burundi is divided into eighteen provinces, each named after their respective capital with the exception of Bujumbura Rural.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees and people in refugee-like situations.
Religion in Burundi is diverse, with varying estimates.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
The Royal Drummers of Burundi, commonly known in recordings as The Drummers of Burundi, is a percussion ensemble originally from Burundi.
Ruanda-Urundi (in Dutch also Roeanda-Oeroendi) was a territory in the African Great Lakes region, once part of German East Africa, which was ruled by Belgium between 1916 and 1962.
Rumonge is the capital of Rumonge Province, Burundi, and is located on the shores of Lake Tanganyika.
Rumonge Province is one of the eighteen provinces of Burundi.
The Rurubu River (also spelt Ruvubu and Ruvuvu) is a river in central Africa whose waters gather from the most distant portion of the Nile basin.
Ruvubu National Park is the largest national park in Burundi covering.
The Ruvyironza (or Luvironza) River is a river in Africa which is considered by some to be the most remote source of the Nile, the world's longest river.
Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
RwandAir Limited is the flag carrier airline of Rwanda.
The Rwandan Revolution, also known as the Social Revolution or Wind of Destruction (muyaga), was a period of ethnic violence in Rwanda from 1959 to 1961 between the Hutu and the Tutsi, two of the three ethnic groups in Rwanda.
The Satisfaction with Life Index was created by Adrian G. White, an analytic social psychologist at the University of Leicester, using data from a metastudy.
The Senate is the upper chamber of Parliament in Burundi.
Soil erosion is the displacement of the upper layer of soil, one form of soil degradation.
Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.
The Sultanate of Zanzibar (Usultani wa Zanzibar, translit), also known as the Zanzibar Sultanate, comprised the territories over which the Sultan of Zanzibar is the sovereign.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.
Sylvestre Ntibantunganya (born 8 May 1956) is a Burundi politician.
Tabora is the capital of Tanzania's Tabora Region and is classified as a municipality by the Tanzanian government.
Tanganyika was a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania, that existed from 1961 until 1964.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
To call in Burundi, the following format is used: yy yy xxxx Calls inside Burundi +257 yy yy xxxx Calls from outside Burundi The NSN length is eight digits.
Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born 18 June 1942) is a South African politician who served as the second President of South Africa from 14 June 1999 to 24 September 2008.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
A tribunal, generally, is any person or institution with authority to judge, adjudicate on, or determine claims or disputes—whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title.
A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.
A truth commission or truth and reconciliation commission is a commission tasked with discovering and revealing past wrongdoing by a government (or, depending on the circumstances, non-state actors also), in the hope of resolving conflict left over from the past.
The Tutsi, or Abatutsi, are a social class or ethnic group of the African Great Lakes region.
The Twa (Batwa, also Cwa IPA) are a group of African Pygmy (Central African foragers) peoples, tribes or castes who live interdependently with agricultural Bantu populations, providing the farming population with game in exchange for agricultural products.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
The umuduri is a Burundian and Rwandan stringed instrument.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Union for National Progress (Union pour le Progrès national, UPRONA) is a nationalist political party in Burundi, receiving most of its support from members of the Tutsi ethnic group.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations trust territories were the successors of the remaining League of Nations mandates, and came into being when the League of Nations ceased to exist in 1946.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States Institute of Peace (USIP) is an American non-partisan, independent, federal institution that provides analysis of and is involved in conflicts around the world.
The University of Burundi (Université du Burundi, or UB) is a public university located in Bujumbura, Burundi.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison (also known as University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, UW, or regionally as UW–Madison, or simply Madison) is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin, United States.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
The position of Vice-President of the Republic of Burundi was created in June 1998, when a transitional constitution went into effect.
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.
The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security.
The World Happiness Report is an annual publication of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network which contains rankings of national happiness and analysis of the data from various perspectives.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire (République du Zaïre), was the name for the Democratic Republic of the Congo that existed between 1971 and 1997 in Central Africa.
Zither is a class of stringed instruments.
.bi is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Burundi.
On 18–19 October 1965, a group of ethnic Hutu officers from the Burundian military attempted to overthrow Burundi's government in a coup d'état.
On 1 November 1976 an army faction led by Deputy Chief of Staff Jean-Baptiste Bagaza led a bloodless coup that ousted Michel Micombero.
The 1987 Burundian coup d'état was a bloodless military coup d'état that took place in Burundi on 3 September 1987.
The 1996 Burundian coup d'état was a military coup d'état that took place in Burundi on 25 July 1996.
On 13 May 2015, army general Godefroid Niyombare said that he was "dismissing President Pierre Nkurunziza" following the 2015 Burundian unrest.