156 relations: Accelerated Graphics Port, Address bus, Altair, Altair 8800, Amiga, Amiga Zorro II, Amiga Zorro III, ARINC 429, ARINC 629, Asus, Asus Media Bus, Auxiliary memory, Avionics, Backplane, Bus contention, Bus mastering, Busbar, Busy waiting, CAN bus, Central processing unit, Centronics, Channel I/O, Clock skew, Communication endpoint, Computer, Computer architecture, Computer Automated Measurement and Control, Computer data storage, Computer keyboard, Computer memory, Computer mouse, Computer network, Control bus, Control Data Corporation, Conventional PCI, CPU cache, Crossbar switch, Crosstalk, CSIRAC, Daisy chain (electrical engineering), DDR4 SDRAM, Differential signaling, Digital Equipment Corporation, Direct memory access, Disk storage, Distributed computing, Double data rate, Drum memory, Duplex (telecommunications), Embedded system, ..., Ethernet, Expansion card, ExpressCard, Extended Industry Standard Architecture, External Bus Interface, Fieldbus, Front-side bus, Futurebus, GSC bus, Harvard architecture, HIPPI, HP Precision Bus, HyperTransport, I²C, IBM, IBM 709, IBM Personal Computer, IEEE 1284, IEEE 1394, IEEE-488, Industry Standard Architecture, InfiniBand, Input/output, Intel 80486, Interrupt, Jumper (computing), Lightning (connector), Line-replaceable unit, Liquid-crystal display, List of interface bit rates, List of network buses, Local bus, Low Pin Count, Master/slave (technology), MBus (SPARC), Media (communication), Memory address, Memory bus, Memory-mapped I/O, Micro Channel architecture, Microcomputer, Microprocessor, MIL-STD-1553, Minicomputer, Modem, Multi-core processor, Multibus, Multidrop bus, Network on a chip, NuBus, Open-source hardware, Parallel ATA, Parallel communication, PC Card, PC/104, PCI Express, PCI/104-Express, PDP-11, Peripheral, Peripheral bus, Pixar Image Computer, Plain old telephone service, Plug and play, Printer (computing), Programmed Data Processor, Punched tape, Q-Bus, QuickRing, Registered jack, RS-232, RS-485, Runway bus, S-100 bus, SBus, Scalable Coherent Interface, SCSI, Serial ATA, Serial Attached SCSI, Serial communication, Serial Peripheral Interface, Simplex communication, Socket 7, Software bus, Solid-state drive, SS-50 bus, STANAG 3910, STD Bus, STEbus, Synchronization (computer science), System bus, System Management Bus, Telephone exchange, Thunderbolt (interface), UNI/O, Unibus, USB, Vacuum tube, VAX, VESA Local Bus, Video card, VMEbus, Wait state, Wi-Fi, Wishbone (computer bus), Word (computer architecture), 1-Wire. Expand index (106 more) » « Shrink index
The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) was designed as a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer system, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics.
An address bus is a computer bus (a series of lines connecting two or more devices) that is used to specify a physical address.
Altair, also designated Alpha Aquilae (α Aquilae, abbreviated Alpha Aql, α Aql), is the brightest star in the constellation of Aquila and the twelfth brightest star in the night sky.
The Altair 8800 is a microcomputer designed in 1974 by MITS and based on the Intel 8080 CPU.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Zorro II is the general purpose expansion bus used by the Amiga 2000 computer.
Released as the expansion bus of the Commodore Amiga 3000 in 1990, the Zorro III computer bus was used to attach peripheral devices to an Amiga motherboard.
ARINC 429, "Mark33 Digital Information Transfer System (DITS)," is also known as the Aeronautical Radio INC.
The ARINC 629 computer bus was introduced in May 1995 and is used on the Boeing 777, and Airbus aircraft.
AsusTek Computer Inc. (stylised as ASUSTeK or ΛSUS) is a Taiwanese multinational computer and phone hardware and electronics company headquartered in Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan.
The Asus Media Bus is a proprietary computer bus developed by Asus, which was used on some Socket 7 motherboards in the middle 1990s.
Auxiliary memory, also known as auxiliary storage, secondary storage, secondary memory or external memory, is a non-volatile memory (does not lose stored data when the device is powered down) that is not directly accessible by the CPU, because it is not accessed via the input/output channels (it is an external device).
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
A backplane (or "backplane system") is a group of electrical connectors in parallel with each other, so that each pin of each connector is linked to the same relative pin of all the other connectors, forming a computer bus.
Bus contention, in computer design, is an undesirable state of the bus in which more than one device on the bus attempts to place values on the bus at the same time.
In computing, bus mastering is a feature supported by many bus architectures that enables a device connected to the bus to initiate direct memory access (DMA) transactions.
In electric power distribution, a busbar (also bus bar, and sometimes misspelled as buss bar or bussbar) is a metallic strip or bar, typically housed inside switchgear, panel boards, and busway enclosures for local high current power distribution.
In software engineering, busy-waiting, busy-looping or spinning is a technique in which a process repeatedly checks to see if a condition is true, such as whether keyboard input or a lock is available.
A Controller Area Network (CAN bus) is a robust vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other in applications without a host computer.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Centronics Data Computer Corporation was an American manufacturer of computer printers, now remembered primarily for the parallel interface that bears its name, the Centronics connector.
In computing, channel I/O is a high-performance input/output (I/O) architecture that is implemented in various forms on a number of computer architectures, especially on mainframe computers.
Clock skew (sometimes called timing skew) is a phenomenon in synchronous digital circuit systems (such as computer systems) in which the same sourced clock signal arrives at different components at different times i.e. the instantaneous difference between the readings of any two clocks is called their skew.
A communication endpoint is a type of communication network node.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
Computer-Aided Measurement And Control (CAMAC) is a standard bus and modular-crate electronics standard for data acquisition and control used in particle detectors for nuclear and particle physics and in industry.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
In computer architecture, a control bus is part of the system bus, used by CPUs for communicating with other devices within the computer.
Control Data Corporation (CDC) was a mainframe and supercomputer firm.
Conventional PCI, often shortened to PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
A CPU cache is a hardware cache used by the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer to reduce the average cost (time or energy) to access data from the main memory.
In electronics, a crossbar switch (cross-point switch, matrix switch) is a collection of switches arranged in a matrix configuration.
In electronics, crosstalk is any phenomenon by which a signal transmitted on one circuit or channel of a transmission system creates an undesired effect in another circuit or channel.
CSIRAC (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Automatic Computer), originally known as CSIR Mk 1, was Australia's first digital computer, and the fifth stored program computer in the world.
In electrical and electronic engineering a daisy chain is a wiring scheme in which multiple devices are wired together in sequence or in a ring.
In computing, DDR4 SDRAM, an abbreviation for double data rate fourth-generation synchronous dynamic random-access memory, is a type of synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) with a high bandwidth ("double data rate") interface.
Differential signaling is a method for electrically transmitting information using two complementary signals.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of computer systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory (Random-access memory), independent of the central processing unit (CPU).
Disk storage (also sometimes called drive storage) is a general category of storage mechanisms where data is recorded by various electronic, magnetic, optical, or mechanical changes to a surface layer of one or more rotating disks.
Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed systems.
In computing, a computer bus operating with double data rate (DDR) transfers data on both the rising and falling edges of the clock signal.
Drum memory was a magnetic data storage device invented by Gustav Tauschek in 1932 in Austria.
A duplex communication system is a point-to-point system composed of two or more connected parties or devices that can communicate with one another in both directions.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
In computing, the expansion card, expansion board, adapter card or accessory card is a printed circuit board that can be inserted into an electrical connector, or expansion slot, on a computer motherboard, backplane or riser card to add functionality to a computer system via the expansion bus.
ExpressCard, initially called NEWCARD, is an interface to connect peripheral devices to a computer, usually a laptop computer.
The Extended Industry Standard Architecture (in practice almost always shortened to EISA and frequently pronounced "eee-suh") is a bus standard for IBM PC compatible computers.
The External Bus Interface, usually shortened to EBI, is a computer bus for interfacing small peripheral devices like flash memory with the processor.
Fieldbus is the name of a family of industrial computer network protocols used for real-time distributed control, standardized as IEC 61158.
A front-side bus (FSB) was a computer communication interface (bus) often used in Intel-chip-based computers during the 1990s and 2000s.
Futurebus (IEEE 896) is a computer bus standard, intended to replace all local bus connections in a computer, including the CPU, memory, plug-in cards and even, to some extent, LAN links between machines.
GSC is a bus used in many of the HP 9000 workstations and servers.
The Harvard architecture is a computer architecture with physically separate storage and signal pathways for instructions and data.
HIPPI (High Performance Parallel Interface) is a computer bus for the attachment of high speed storage devices to supercomputers, in a point-to-point link.
The HP Precision bus (also called HP-PB and HP-NIO) is the data transfer bus of the proprietary Hewlett Packard architecture HP 3000 and later many variants of the HP 9000 series of UNIX systems.
HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a technology for interconnection of computer processors.
I²C (Inter-Integrated Circuit), pronounced I-squared-C, is a synchronous, multi-master, multi-slave, packet switched, single-ended, serial computer bus invented in 1982 by Philips Semiconductor (now NXP Semiconductors).
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The IBM 709 was a computer system, initially announced by IBM in January 1957 and first installed during August 1958.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
IEEE 1284 is a standard that defines bi-directional parallel communications between computers and other devices.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
IEEE 488 is a short-range digital communications 8-bit parallel multi-master interface bus specification.
Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) is a retronym term for the 16-bit internal bus of IBM PC/AT and similar computers based on the Intel 80286 and its immediate successors during the 1980s.
InfiniBand (abbreviated IB) is a computer-networking communications standard used in high-performance computing that features very high throughput and very low latency.
In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.
The Intel 80486, also known as the i486 or 486, is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor.
In system programming, an interrupt is a signal to the processor emitted by hardware or software indicating an event that needs immediate attention.
In electronics and particularly computing, a jumper is a short length of conductor used to close, open or bypass part of an electronic circuit.
Lightning is a proprietary computer bus and power connector created by Apple Inc. Introduced on, to replace its predecessor, the 30-pin dock connector, the Lightning connector is used to connect Apple mobile devices like iPhones, iPads, and iPods to host computers, external monitors, cameras, USB battery chargers, and other peripherals.
A line-replaceable unit (LRU), lower line-replaceable unit (LLRU), line-replaceable component (LRC), or line-replaceable item (LRI) is a modular component of an airplane, ship or spacecraft (or any other manufactured device) that is designed to be replaced quickly at an operating location (1st line).
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
This is a list of interface bit rates, is a measure of information transfer rates, or digital bandwidth capacity, at which digital interfaces in a computer or network can communicate over various kinds of buses and channels.
List of electrical characteristics of single collision domain segment "slow speed" network buses: The number of nodes can be limited by either number of available addresses or bus capacitance.
In computer architecture, a local bus is a computer bus that connects directly, or almost directly, from the CPU to one or more slots on the expansion bus.
The Low Pin Count bus, or LPC bus, is a computer bus used on IBM-compatible personal computers to connect low-bandwidth devices to the CPU, such as the boot ROM, "legacy" I/O devices (integrated into a super I/O chip), and Trusted Platform Module (TPM).
Master/slave or primary/replica is a model of communication where one device or process has unidirectional control over one or more other devices.
MBus is a computer bus designed and implemented by Sun Microsystems for communication between high speed computer system components, such as the central processing unit, motherboard and main memory.
Media are the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.
In computing, a memory address is a reference to a specific memory location used at various levels by software and hardware.
The memory bus is the computer bus which connects the main memory to the memory controller in computer systems.
Memory-mapped I/O (MMIO) and port-mapped I/O (PMIO) (which is also called isolated I/O) are two complementary methods of performing input/output (I/O) between the central processing unit (CPU) and peripheral devices in a computer.
Micro Channel architecture, or the Micro Channel bus, was a proprietary 16- or 32-bit parallel computer bus introduced by IBM in 1987 which was used on PS/2 and other computers until the mid-1990s.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
MIL-STD-1553 is a military standard published by the United States Department of Defense that defines the mechanical, electrical, and functional characteristics of a serial data bus.
A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that was developed in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframe and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.
Multibus is a computer bus standard used in industrial systems.
A multidrop bus (MDB) is a computer bus in which all components are connected to the electrical circuit.
Network on chip or network on a chip (NoC or NOC) is a communication subsystem on an integrated circuit (commonly called a "chip"), typically between intellectual property (IP) cores in a system on a chip (SoC).
NuBus (pron. 'New Bus') is a 32-bit parallel computer bus, originally developed at MIT and standardized in 1987 as a part of the NuMachine workstation project.
Open-source hardware (OSH) consists of physical artifacts of technology designed and offered by the open design movement.
Parallel ATA (PATA), originally, is an interface standard for the connection of storage devices such as hard disk drives, floppy disk drives, and optical disc drives in computers.
In data transmission, parallel communication is a method of conveying multiple binary digits (bits) simultaneously.
In computing, PC Card is a configuration for computer parallel communication peripheral interface, designed for laptop computers.
PC/104 (or PC104) is a family of embedded computer standards which define both form factors and computer buses.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
The PCI/104-Express™ specification establishes a standard to use the high-speed PCI Express bus in embedded applications.
The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.
A peripheral device is "an ancillary device used to put information into and get information out of the computer." Three categories of peripheral devices exist based on their relationship with the computer.
In computing, a peripheral bus is a computer bus designed to support computer peripherals like printers and hard drives.
The Pixar Image Computer is a graphics designing computer originally developed by the Graphics Group, the computer division of Lucasfilm, later renamed Pixar.
Plain old telephone service or plain ordinary telephone service (POTS) is a retronym for voice-grade telephone service employing analog signal transmission over copper loops.
In computing, a plug and play (PnP) device or computer bus, is one with a specification that facilitates the discovery of a hardware component in a system without the need for physical device configuration or user intervention in resolving resource conflicts.
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
Programmed Data Processor (PDP), referred to by some customers, media and authors as "Programmable Data Processor, is a term used by the Digital Equipment Corporation from 1957 to 1990 for several lines of minicomputers.
Punched tape or perforated paper tape is a form of data storage, consisting of a long strip of paper in which holes are punched to store data.
The Q-bus (also known as the LSI-11 Bus) is one of several bus technologies used with PDP and MicroVAX computer systems previously manufactured by the Digital Equipment Corporation of Maynard, Massachusetts.
QuickRing was a gigabit-rate interconnect that combined the functions of a computer bus and a network.
A registered jack (RJ) is a standardized telecommunication network interface for connecting voice and data equipment to a service provided by a local exchange carrier or long distance carrier.
In telecommunications, RS-232, Recommended Standard 232 is a standard introduced in 1960 for serial communication transmission of data.
RS-485, also known as TIA-485(-A), EIA-485, is a standard defining the electrical characteristics of drivers and receivers for use in serial communications systems. Electrical signaling is balanced, and multipoint systems are supported. The standard is jointly published by the Telecommunications Industry Association and Electronic Industries Alliance (TIA/EIA). Digital communications networks implementing the standard can be used effectively over long distances and in electrically noisy environments. Multiple receivers may be connected to such a network in a linear, multidrop bus. These characteristics make RS-485 useful in industrial control systems and similar applications.
The Runway bus is a front side bus developed by Hewlett-Packard for use by its PA-RISC microprocessor family.
The S-100 bus or Altair bus, IEEE696-1983 (withdrawn), was an early computer bus designed in 1974 as a part of the Altair 8800.
SBus is a computer bus system that was used in most SPARC-based computers (including all SPARCstations) from Sun Microsystems and others during the 1990s.
The Scalable Coherent Interface or Scalable Coherent Interconnect (SCI), was a high-speed interconnect standard for shared memory multiprocessing and message passing used in the 1990s.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
In computing, Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) is a point-to-point serial protocol that moves data to and from computer-storage devices such as hard drives and tape drives.
In telecommunication and data transmission, serial communication is the process of sending data one bit at a time, sequentially, over a communication channel or computer bus.
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is a synchronous serial communication interface specification used for short distance communication, primarily in embedded systems.
Simplex communication is a communication channel that sends information in one direction only.
Socket 7 is a physical and electrical specification for an x86-style CPU socket on a personal computer motherboard.
A software bus is a software architecture model where a shared communication channel facilitates connections and communication between software modules.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
The SS-50 bus was an early computer bus designed as a part of the SWTPC 6800 Computer System that used the Motorola 6800 CPU.
STANAG 3910 High Speed Data Transmission Under STANAG 3838 or Fibre Optic Equivalent Control is a protocol defined in a NATO Standardization Agreement for the transfer of data, principally intended for use in avionic systems.
The STD Bus is a computer bus that was used primarily for industrial control systems, but has also found applications in computing.
The STEbus (also called the IEEE-1000 bus) is a non-proprietary, processor-independent, computer bus with 8 data lines and 20 address lines.
In computer science, synchronization refers to one of two distinct but related concepts: synchronization of processes, and synchronization of Data.
A system bus is a single computer bus that connects the major components of a computer system, combining the functions of a data bus to carry information, an address bus to determine where it should be sent, and a control bus to determine its operation.
The System Management Bus (abbreviated to SMBus or SMB) is a single-ended simple two-wire bus for the purpose of lightweight communication.
A telephone exchange is a telecommunications system used in the public switched telephone network or in large enterprises.
Thunderbolt is the brand name of a hardware interface standard developed by Intel (in collaboration with Apple) that allows the connection of external peripherals to a computer.
The UNI/O bus is an asynchronous serial bus created by Microchip Technology for low speed communication in embedded systems.
The Unibus was the earliest of several computer bus and backplane designs used with PDP-11 and early VAX systems manufactured by the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) of Maynard, Massachusetts.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
VAX is a discontinued instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the mid-1970s.
The VESA Local Bus (usually abbreviated to VL-Bus or VLB) was a short-lived expansion bus that was mostly used in personal computers.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
VMEbus (Versa Module Europa bus) is a computer bus standard, originally developed for the Motorola 68000 line of CPUs, but later widely used for many applications and standardized by the IEC as ANSI/IEEE 1014-1987.
A wait state is a delay experienced by a computer processor when accessing external memory or another device that is slow to respond.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
The Wishbone Bus is an open source hardware computer bus intended to let the parts of an integrated circuit communicate with each other.
In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.
1-Wire is a device communications bus system designed by Dallas Semiconductor Corp. that provides low-speed data, signaling, and power over a single conductor.
100MHz bus, 133MHz bus, Asynchronous bus, Bus (computer), Cache bus, Computer bus, Computer buses, Computer/bus, Digital bus, External bus, External data bus, Hardware bus, I/O bus, Internal bus, PC bus, Synchronous bus.