236 relations: Accountant, Accounting, Advertising, Aerospace manufacturer, Agriculture, Airline, American Marketing Association, Asset, Automotive industry, Aviation, Bank, Bank of England, Benefit shortfall, Big business, Board of directors, Bombay Stock Exchange, Broadcasting, Broker, Brokerage firm, Bus manufacturing, Business acumen, Business broker, Business ethics, Business failure, Business hours, Business mathematics, Business operations, Business school, Business tourism, Business valuation, Businessperson, Cable television, Capital (economics), Capitalism, Change management analyst, China, Code of Hammurabi, Collective bargaining, Commerce, Commercial law, Company, Consumer, Consumers' co-operative, Cooperative, Copyright, Corporate finance, Corporate personhood, Corporation, Corporation sole, Cost overrun, ..., Credit card, Credit union, Creditor, Digital marketing, Digital media, Distribution (marketing), Double taxation, E-commerce, Economic democracy, Economic entity, Economics, Electricity, Electronic business, Employment, England, Entrepreneurship, Film studio, Finance, Financial economics, Financial services, Finished good, Fixture (property law), Franchising, Freight transport, General partnership, Glass production, Goods, Goods and services, Government, Handicraft, Health and Safety Executive, Hedge fund, Home, Hong Kong Stock Exchange, Human resources, Index fund, Index of accounting articles, Index of international trade topics, Index of real estate articles, Industry, Information technology management, Initial public offering, Innovation, Insurance, Intellectual property, Interim management, International trade, Inventory, Investment, Investment company, Investor, Italians, Judgement, Jurisdiction, Labour economics, Labour law, Land, Legal liability, Legal person, Liability (financial accounting), Limited liability, Limited liability company, Limited liability partnership, Limited partnership, Liquidation, List of asset management firms, List of business entities, List of company registers, List of largest employers, List of oldest companies, Listing (finance), Listing Rules, Lists of companies, London Stock Exchange, Luca Pacioli, Machine, Magazine, Management, Management information system, Manufacturing, Maritime transport, Marketing, Mass media, Maurya Empire, Mediation, Medical device manufacturing, Merriam-Webster, Mineral, Mining, Mobile media, Money, Mutual fund, NASDAQ, Natural gas, New York Stock Exchange, Nonprofit organization, Occupational safety and health, Offshore company, Offshore financial centre, Operating cost, Operations management, Ore, Organizational studies, Outline of commercial law, Outline of economics, Outline of finance, Outline of marketing, Outline of production, Outline of working time and conditions, Parent company, Partnership, Patent, Pension fund, Personal finance, Petroleum, Petroleum industry, Pricing, Private company limited by guarantee, Private company limited by shares, Private equity firm, Private equity fund, Privately held company, Producing house, Product (business), Profit (accounting), Public company, Public finance, Public limited company, Public service, Public utility, Publishing, Railway company, Rate of return, Raw material, Real estate, Real estate investment trust, Real property, Regulatory agency, Retail, Royal charter, Security (finance), Segregated portfolio company, Service management, Sewage treatment, Shanghai Stock Exchange, Share (finance), Share capital, Shareholder, Shareholder value, Show business, Singapore Exchange, Small business, Social responsibility, Sole proprietorship, Sovereign wealth fund, State ownership, State-owned enterprise, Stock exchange, Stock market, Strategic management, Strategic planning, Talent agent, Tangibile, Tax, Tax advantage, Telecommunications equipment, Tertiary sector of the economy, Theory of the firm, Tokyo Stock Exchange, Tool, Trade, Trade secret, Trade union, Trademark, Transport, Treaty, Unemployment, Unit trust, Unlimited company, Wage, Waste management, Water, Wholesaling, Wood, Wood industry, Worker cooperative. Expand index (186 more) » « Shrink index
An accountant is a practitioner of accounting or accountancy, which is the measurement, disclosure or provision of assurance about financial information that helps managers, investors, tax authorities and others make decisions about allocating resource(s).
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, or spacecraft.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight.
The American Marketing Association (AMA) is a professional association for marketing professionals with 30,000 members as of 2012.
In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.
A benefit shortfall results from the actual benefits of a venture being lower than the projected, or estimated, benefits of that venture.
A board of directors is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.
The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is an Indian stock exchange located at Dalal Street, Mumbai (formerly Bombay).
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
A broker is an individual person who arranges transactions between a buyer and a seller for a commission when the deal is executed.
A brokerage firm, or simply brokerage, is a financial institution that facilitates the buying and selling of financial securities between a buyer and a seller.
Bus manufacturing, a sector of the automotive industry, manufactures buses and coaches.
Business acumen ("Business savvy" and "business sense" are often used as synonyms) is keenness and quickness in understanding and dealing with a "business situation" (risks and opportunities) in a manner that is likely to lead to a good outcome.
Business brokers, also called business transfer agents, or intermediaries, assist buyers and sellers of privately held business in the buying and selling process.
Business ethics (also known as corporate ethics) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics, that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business environment.
Business failure refers to a company ceasing operations following its inability to make a profit or to bring in enough revenue to cover its expenses.
Business hours are the hours during the day in which business is commonly conducted.
Business mathematics is mathematics used by commercial enterprises to record and manage business operations.
The outcome of business operations is the harvesting of value from assets owned by a business.
A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration or management.
Business tourism or business travel is a more limited and focused subset of regular tourism.
Business valuation is a process and a set of procedures used to estimate the economic value of an owner's interest in a business.
A business person (also businessman or businesswoman) is a person involved in the business sector – in particular someone undertaking activities (commercial or industrial) for the purpose of generating cash flow, sales, and revenue utilizing a combination of human, financial, intellectual and physical capital with a view to fuelling economic development and growth.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
In economics, capital consists of an asset that can enhance one's power to perform economically useful work.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
A change management analyst is responsible for auditing and evaluating the change management process in the context of Systems engineering (not to be confused with organizational Change management).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian code of law of ancient Mesopotamia, dated back to about 1754 BC (Middle Chronology).
Collective bargaining is a process of negotiation between employers and a group of employees aimed at agreements to regulate working salaries, working conditions, benefits, and other aspects of workers' compensation and rights for workers.
Commerce relates to "the exchange of goods and services, especially on a large scale.” Commerce includes legal, economic, political, social, cultural and technological systems that operate in any country or internationally.
Commercial law, also known as trade law, is the body of law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales.
A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.
A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.
Consumers' co-operatives are enterprises owned by consumers and managed democratically which aim at fulfilling the needs and aspirations of their members.
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Corporate finance is the area of finance dealing with the sources of funding and the capital structure of corporations, the actions that managers take to increase the value of the firm to the shareholders, and the tools and analysis used to allocate financial resources.
Corporate personhood is the legal notion that a corporation, separately from its associated human beings (like owners, managers, or employees), has at least some of the legal rights and responsibilities enjoyed by natural persons (physical humans).
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
A corporation sole is a legal entity consisting of a single ("sole") incorporated office, occupied by a single ("sole") natural person.
A cost overrun, also known as a cost increase, underrated or budget overrun, involves unexpected costs incurred in excess of budgeted amounts due to an underestimation of the actual cost during budgeting.
A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.
A credit union is a member-owned financial cooperative, controlled by its members and operated on the principle of people helping people, providing its members credit at competitive rates as well as other financial services.
A creditor is a party (for example, person, organization, company, or government) that has a claim on the services of a second party.
Digital marketing is the marketing of products or services using digital technologies, mainly on the Internet, but also including mobile phones, display advertising, and any other digital medium.
Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.
Distribution (or place) is one of the four elements of the marketing mix.
Double taxation is the levying of tax by two or more jurisdictions on the same declared income (in the case of income taxes), asset (in the case of capital taxes), or financial transaction (in the case of sales taxes).
E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.
Economic democracy is a socioeconomic philosophy that proposes to shift decision-making power from corporate managers and corporate shareholders to a larger group of public stakeholders that includes workers, customers, suppliers, neighbors and the broader public.
In accounting, an economic entity is one of the assumptions made in generally accepted accounting principles.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.
Online Business or e-business is a term which can be used for any kind of business or commercial transaction that includes sharing information across the internet.
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.
Financial economics is the branch of economics characterized by a "concentration on monetary activities", in which "money of one type or another is likely to appear on both sides of a trade".
Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.
Finished goods are goods that have completed the manufacturing process but have not yet been sold or distributed to the end user.
A fixture, as a legal concept, means any physical property that is permanently attached (fixed) to real property (usually land) Property not affixed to real property is considered chattel property.
Franchising is based on a marketing concept which can be adopted by an organisation as a strategy for business expansion.
Freight transport is the physical process of transporting commodities and merchandise goods and cargo.
A general partnership, the basic form of partnership under common law, is in most countries an association of persons or an unincorporated company with the following major features.
Glass production involves two main methods – the float glass process that produces sheet glass, and glassblowing that produces bottles and other containers.
In economics, goods are materials that satisfy human wants and provide utility, for example, to a consumer making a purchase of a satisfying product.
Goods are items that are tangible, such as pens, salt, apples, oganesson, and hats.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is the body responsible for the encouragement, regulation and enforcement of workplace health, safety and welfare, and for research into occupational risks in Great Britain.
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex portfolio-construction and risk-management techniques.
A home, or domicile, is a dwelling-place used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for an individual, family, household or several families in a tribe.
The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited, abb.
Human resources are the people who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, or economy.
An index fund (also index tracker) is a mutual fund or exchange-traded fund (ETF) designed to follow certain preset rules so that the fund can a specified basket of underlying investments.
This page is an index of accounting topics.
This is a list of international trade topics.
This aims to be a complete list of the articles on real estate.
Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.
IT management is the discipline whereby all of the information technology resources of a firm are managed in accordance with its needs and priorities.
Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also retail (individual) investors; an IPO is underwritten by one or more investment banks, who also arrange for the shares to be listed on one or more stock exchanges.
Innovation can be defined simply as a "new idea, device or method".
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
Interim management is the temporary provision of management resources and skills.
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
Inventory (American English) or stock (British English) is the goods and materials that a business holds for the ultimate goal of resale (or repair).
In general, to invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future – for example, investment in durable goods, in real estate by the service industry, in factories for manufacturing, in product development, and in research and development.
An investment company is a company whose main business is holding and managing securities for investment purposes.
An investor is a person that allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Judgement (or judgment) is the evaluation of evidence to make a decision.
Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.
Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
Labour law (also known as labor law or employment law) mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government.
Land, sometimes referred to as dry land, is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently covered by water.
In law, liable means "esponsible or answerable in law; legally obligated." Legal liability concerns both civil law and criminal law and can arise from various areas of law, such as contracts, torts, taxes, or fines given by government agencies.
A legal person (in legal contexts often simply person, less ambiguously legal entity) is any human or non-human entity, in other words, any human being, firm, or government agency that is recognized as having privileges and obligations, such as having the ability to enter into contracts, to sue, and to be sued.
In financial accounting, a liability is defined as the future sacrifices of economic benefits that the entity is obliged to make to other entities as a result of past transactions or other past events, the settlement of which may result in the transfer or use of assets, provision of services or other yielding of economic benefits in the future.
Limited liability is where a person's financial liability is limited to a fixed sum, most commonly the value of a person's investment in a company or partnership.
A limited liability company (LLC) is the United States of America-specific form of a private limited company.
A limited liability partnership (LLP) is a partnership in which some or all partners (depending on the jurisdiction) have limited liabilities.
A limited partnership (LP) is a form of partnership similar to a general partnership except that while a general partnership must have at least two general partners (GPs), a limited partnership must have at least one GP and at least one limited partner.
In United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and United States law and business, liquidation is the process by which a company is brought to an end.
An asset management company (AMC) is an asset management / investment management company/firm that invests the pooled funds of retail investors in securities in line with the stated investment objectives.
A business entity is an entity that is formed and administered as per corporate law in order to engage in business activities, charitable work, or other activities allowable.
A company register is a register of organizations in the jurisdiction they operate under.
The largest employers in the world include companies, militaries, and governments.
This list of the oldest companies in the world includes brands and companies, excluding associations and educational, government, or religious organizations.
In corporate finance, a listing refers to the company's shares being on the list (or board) of stock that are officially traded on a stock exchange.
The Listing Rules (LR) are a set of regulations applicable to any company listed on a United Kingdom stock exchange, subject to the oversight of the UK Listing Authority (UKLA).
This is an index of company-related list articles on Wikipedia.
The London Stock Exchange (LSE) is a stock exchange located in the City of London, England.
Fra Luca Bartolomeo de Pacioli (sometimes Paccioli or Paciolo; 1447–1517) was an Italian mathematician, Franciscan friar, collaborator with Leonardo da Vinci, and a seminal contributor to the field now known as accounting.
A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action.
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published (sometimes referred to as an online magazine).
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
Management information system or management information systems (MIS) refers to the complementary networks of hardware and software cooperating to collect, process, store, and disseminate information in order to support the managerial role of leveraging information technology to increase business value and profits.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Maritime transport is the transport of people (passengers) or goods (cargo) by water.
Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.
Mediation is a dynamic, structured, interactive process where a neutral third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques.
Medical device manufacturing, as the name suggests, refers to the production of medical devices.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Mobility and portability of media, or as Paul Levinson calls it in his book Cellphone, “the media-in-motion business” has been a process in the works ever since the “first time someone thought to write on a tablet that could be lifted and hauled – rather than on a cave wall, a cliff face, a monument that usually was stuck in place, more or less forever”.
Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context.
A mutual fund is a professionally managed investment fund that pools money from many investors to purchase securities.
The Nasdaq Stock Market is an American stock exchange.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety (WHS), is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work.
The term "offshore company" or "offshore corporation" is used in at least two distinct and different ways.
An offshore financial centre (OFC) is a jurisdiction specializing in providing corporate and commercial services, such as offshore banking licenses (international banking license) or the incorporation of offshore companies (international business companies).
Operating (Operational) costs are the expenses which are related to the operation of a business, or to the operation of a device, component, piece of equipment or facility.
Operations management is an area of management concerned with designing and controlling the process of production and redesigning business operations in the production of goods or services.
An ore is an occurrence of rock or sediment that contains sufficient minerals with economically important elements, typically metals, that can be economically extracted from the deposit.
Organizational studies is "the examination of how individuals construct organizational structures, processes, and practices and how these, in turn, shape social relations and create institutions that ultimately influence people", organizational studies comprise different areas that deal with the different aspects of the organizations, many of the approaches are functionalist but critical research also provide alternative frame for understanding in the field.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to commercial law: Commercial law – body of law that governs business and commercial transactions.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to economics: Economics – analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to finance: Finance – addresses the ways in which individuals and organizations raise and allocate monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to marketing: Marketing – social and managerial processes by which products, services, and value are exchanged in order to fulfill individuals' or groups' needs and wants.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to production: Production – act of creating 'use' value or 'utility' that can satisfy a want or need.
This is a list of topics on working time and conditions.
A parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operation by doing and influencing or electing its board of directors.
A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
A pension fund, also known as a superannuation fund in some countries, is any plan, fund, or scheme which provides retirement income.
Personal finance is the financial management which an individual or a family unit performs to budget, save, and spend monetary resources over time, taking into account various financial risks and future life events.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The petroleum industry, also known as the oil industry or the oil patch, includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing of petroleum products.
Pricing is the process whereby a business sets the price at which it will sell its products and services, and may be part of the business's marketing plan.
In British and Irish company law, a company limited by guarantee (LBG) is an alternative type of corporation used primarily for non-profit organisations that require legal personality.
A private company limited by shares is a class of private limited company incorporated under the laws of England and Wales, Scotland, certain Commonwealth countries, and the Republic of Ireland.
A private equity firm is an investment management company that provides financial backing and makes investments in the private equity of startup or operating companies through a variety of loosely affiliated investment strategies including leveraged buyout, venture capital, and growth capital.
A private equity fund is a collective investment scheme used for making investments in various equity (and to a lesser extent debt) securities according to one of the investment strategies associated with private equity.
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately.
A producing house is a theatre which produces its own shows in-house.
In marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need.
Profit, in accounting, is an income distributed to the owner in a profitable market production process (business).
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.
Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy.
A public limited company (legally abbreviated to plc) is a type of public company under the United Kingdom company law, some Commonwealth jurisdictions, and the Republic of Ireland.
Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services.
A public utility (usually just utility) is an organization that maintains the infrastructure for a public service (often also providing a service using that infrastructure).
Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public.
A railway company or railroad company is an entity that operates a railroad track or trains.
In finance, return is a profit on an investment.
A raw material, also known as a feedstock or most correctly unprocessed material, is a basic material that is used to produce goods, finished products, energy, or intermediate materials which are feedstock for future finished products.
Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more generally) buildings or housing in general.
A real estate investment trust (REIT) is a company that owns, and in most cases operates, income-producing real estate.
In English common law, real property, real estate, realty, or immovable property is land which is the property of some person and all structures (also called improvements or fixtures) integrated with or affixed to the land, including crops, buildings, machinery, wells, dams, ponds, mines, canals, and roads, among other things.
A regulatory agency (also regulatory authority, regulatory body or regulator) is a public authority or government agency responsible for exercising autonomous authority over some area of human activity in a regulatory or supervisory capacity.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
A security is a tradable financial asset.
A segregated portfolio company (or SPC), sometimes referred to as a protected cell company, is a company which segregates the assets and liabilities of different classes (or sometimes series) of shares from each other and from the general assets of the SPC.
Service management in the manufacturing context, is integrated into supply chain management as the intersection between the actual sales and the customer point of view.
Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, primarily from household sewage.
The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) is a stock exchange that is based in the city of Shanghai, China.
In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.
A corporation's share capital (or capital stock in US English) is the portion of a corporation's equity that has been obtained by the issue of shares in the corporation to a shareholder, usually for cash.
A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
Shareholder value is a business term, sometimes phrased as shareholder value maximization or as the shareholder value model, which implies that the ultimate measure of a company's success is the extent to which it enriches shareholders.
Show business, sometimes shortened to show biz or showbiz (since 1945), is a vernacular term for all aspects of the entertainment industry.
Singapore Exchange Limited (SGX) is an investment holding company located in Singapore and provides different services related to securities and derivatives trading and others.
Small businesses are privately owned corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships that have fewer employees and/or less annual revenue than a regular-sized business or corporation.
Social responsibility is an ethical framework and suggests that an entity, be it an organization or individual, has an obligation to act for the benefit of society at large.
A sole proprietorship, also known as the sole trader or simply a proprietorship, is a type of enterprise that is owned and run by one natural person and in which there is no legal distinction between the owner and the business entity.
A sovereign wealth fund (SWF) or sovereign investment fund is a state-owned investment fund that invests in real and financial assets such as stocks, bonds, real estate, precious metals, or in alternative investments such as private equity fund or hedge funds.
State ownership (also called public ownership and government ownership) is the ownership of an industry, asset, or enterprise by the state or a public body representing a community as opposed to an individual or private party.
A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.
In the field of management, strategic management involves the formulation and implementation of the major goals and initiatives taken by an organization's top management on behalf of owners, based on consideration of resources and an assessment of the internal and external environments in which the organization operates.
Strategic planning is an organization's process of defining its strategy, or direction, and making decisions on allocating its resources to pursue this strategy.
A talent agent, or booking agent, is a person who finds jobs for actors, authors, film directors, musicians, models, professional athletes, writers, screenwriters, broadcast journalists, and other professionals in various entertainment or broadcast businesses.
Tangibility is the attribute of being easily detectable with the senses.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
Tax advantage refers to the economic bonus which applies to certain accounts or investments that are, by statute, tax-reduced, tax-deferred, or tax-free.
Telecommunications equipment (also telecoms equipment or communications equipment) is hardware used for the purposes of telecommunications.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
The theory of the firm consists of a number of economic theories that explain and predict the nature of the firm, company, or corporation, including its existence, behaviour, structure, and relationship to the market.
The, which is called or TSE/TYO for short, is a stock exchange located in Tokyo, Japan.
A tool is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially if the item is not consumed in the process.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
A trade secret is a formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, commercial method, or compilation of information not generally known or reasonably ascertainable by others by which a business can obtain an economic advantage over competitors or customers.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
A unit trust is a form of collective investment constituted under a trust deed.
An unlimited company or private unlimited company is a hybrid company (corporation) incorporated with or without a share capital (and similar to its limited company counterpart) but where the legal liability of the members or shareholders is not limited: that is, its members or shareholders have a joint, several and non-limited obligation to meet any insufficiency in the assets of the company to enable settlement of any outstanding financial liability in the event of the company's formal liquidation.
A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.
Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Wholesaling, jobbing, or distributing is the sale of goods or merchandise to retailers; to industrial, commercial, institutional, or other professional business users; or to other wholesalers and related subordinated services.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
The wood industry or lumber industry is a - usually private - economic sector concerned with forestry, logging, timber trade, and the production of forest products, timber/lumber, primary forest and wood products (e.g. furniture) and secondary products like wood pulp for the pulp and paper industry.
A worker cooperative, is a cooperative that is owned and self-managed by its workers.
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