107 relations: Address space, Alexander Graham Bell, Alphanumeric, ASCII, Association for Computing Machinery, AT&T, BCD (character encoding), Binary number, Binary prefix, Binary-coded decimal, Bit, Biting, Block (data storage), Byte (disambiguation), Byte (magazine), C (programming language), C data types, C++, Carl Hanser Verlag, Character (computing), Communication protocol, Communications of the ACM, Computer architecture, Computer History Museum, Computer memory, Control character, Control Data Corporation, Data, Data hierarchy, Data type, De facto standard, Decibel, Digital Equipment Corporation, EBCDIC, Exa-, Experimental SAGE Subsector, Federal Information Processing Standards, Fieldata, Fred Brooks, Free University of Berlin, French language, Gerrit Blaauw, Groupe Bull, Hexadecimal, Hextet, IBM, IBM 7030 Stretch, IBM 709, IBM AN/FSQ-31 SAC Data Processing System, IBM System/360, ..., IEEE 1541-2002, IEEE Transactions on Computers, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Intel 8008, Intel 8080, Intel 8086, International Electrotechnical Commission, International System of Quantities, ISO/IEC 80000, Java (programming language), JBOB, John B. Goodenough, John Cocke, JOVIAL, Jules Schwartz, Kilo-, Magnetic core, McGraw-Hill Education, Mega-, Metric prefix, Microprocessor, MIT Lincoln Laboratory, National Security Agency, Nibble, Numerical digit, Octet (computing), Parity bit, Pergamon Press, Philips, Power of two, Primitive data type, Programming language, Punched card, Qubit, RAND Corporation, Romanian language, RWTH Aachen University, S&P Global, Serial binary adder, Signal strength in telecommunications, Six-bit character code, Sound pressure, Syllable (computing), Tape drive, Telephony, Ternary numeral system, Transistor, Trunking, Unicode, United States Army, United States Navy, Units of information, Werner Buchholz, Word (computer architecture), Yotta-, 4-bit, 8-bit. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
In computing, an address space defines a range of discrete addresses, each of which may correspond to a network host, peripheral device, disk sector, a memory cell or other logical or physical entity.
Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone.
Alphanumeric is a combination of alphabetic and numeric characters, and is used to describe the collection of Latin letters and Arabic digits or a text constructed from this collection.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is an international learned society for computing.
AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.
BCD ("Binary-Coded Decimal"), also called alphanumeric BCD, alphameric BCD, BCD Interchange Code, or BCDIC, is a family of representations of numerals, uppercase Latin letters, and some special and control characters as six-bit character codes.
In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the base-2 numeral system or binary numeral system, which uses only two symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).
A binary prefix is a unit prefix for multiples of units in data processing, data transmission, and digital information, notably the bit and the byte, to indicate multiplication by a power of 2.
In computing and electronic systems, binary-coded decimal (BCD) is a class of binary encodings of decimal numbers where each decimal digit is represented by a fixed number of bits, usually four or eight.
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
Biting is a common behaviour which involves the opening and closing of the jaw found in many animals.
In computing (specifically data transmission and data storage), a block, sometimes called a physical record, is a sequence of bytes or bits, usually containing some whole number of records, having a maximum length, a block size.
A byte is a unit of digital information in computing and telecommunications that most commonly consists of eight bits.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
In the C programming language, data types are declarations for memory locations or variables that determine the characteristics of the data that may be stored and the methods (operations) of processing that are permitted involving them.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
The Carl Hanser Verlag was founded in 1928 by Carl Hanser in Munich and is one of the few medium-sized publishing companies in the German-speaking area still owned by the founding family.
In computer and machine-based telecommunications terminology, a character is a unit of information that roughly corresponds to a grapheme, grapheme-like unit, or symbol, such as in an alphabet or syllabary in the written form of a natural language.
In telecommunication, a communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.
Communications of the ACM is the monthly journal of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
The Computer History Museum (CHM) is a museum established in 1996 in Mountain View, California, US.
In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".
In computing and telecommunication, a control character or non-printing character is a code point (a number) in a character set, that does not represent a written symbol.
Control Data Corporation (CDC) was a mainframe and supercomputer firm.
Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables.
Data hierarchy refers to the systematic organization of data, often in a hierarchical form.
In computer science and computer programming, a data type or simply type is a classification of data which tells the compiler or interpreter how the programmer intends to use the data.
A standard is a custom or convention that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (for example, by early entrance to the market).
The decibel (symbol: dB) is a unit of measurement used to express the ratio of one value of a physical property to another on a logarithmic scale.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an eight-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
Exa is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting 1018 or.
The Experimental Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) Sector (ESS, Experimental SAGE Subsector until planned Sectors/Subsectors were renamed NORAD Regions, Divisions, and Sectors) was a prototype Cold War Air Defense Sector for developing the Semi Automatic Ground Environment.
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors.
FIELDATA (also written as Fieldata) was a pioneering computer project run by the US Army Signal Corps in the late 1950s that intended to create a single standard (as defined in MIL-STD-188A/B/C) for collecting and distributing battlefield information.
Frederick Phillips "Fred" Brooks Jr. (born April 19, 1931) is an American computer architect, software engineer, and computer scientist, best known for managing the development of IBM's System/360 family of computers and the OS/360 software support package, then later writing candidly about the process in his seminal book The Mythical Man-Month.
The Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin, often abbreviated as FU Berlin or simply FU) is a research university located in Berlin, Germany.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Gerrit Anne (Gerry) Blaauw (July 17, 1924 - March 21, 2018) was a Dutch computer scientist, known as one of the principal designers of the IBM System/360 line of computers, together with Fred Brooks, Gene Amdahl, and others.
Bull SAS (also known as Groupe Bull, Bull Information Systems, or simply Bull) is a French-owned computer company headquartered in Les Clayes-sous-Bois, in the western suburbs of Paris.
In mathematics and computing, hexadecimal (also base, or hex) is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16.
In computing, a hextet is a sixteen-bit aggregation, or four nibbles.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The IBM 7030, also known as Stretch, was IBM's first transistorized supercomputer.
The IBM 709 was a computer system, initially announced by IBM in January 1957 and first installed during August 1958.
The IBM AN/FSQ-31 SAC Data Processing System (FSQ-31, Q-31, colloq.) was a USAF command, control, and coordination system for the Cold War Strategic Air Command (SAC).
The IBM System/360 (S/360) is a family of mainframe computer systems that was announced by IBM on April 7, 1964, and delivered between 1965 and 1978.
IEEE 1541-2002 is a standard issued in 2002 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) concerning the use of prefixes for binary multiples of units of measurement related to digital electronics and computing.
IEEE Transactions on Computers is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of computer design.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
The Intel 8008 ("eight-thousand-eight" or "eighty-oh-eight") is an early byte-oriented microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and introduced in April 1972.
The Intel 8080 ("eighty-eighty") was the second 8-bit microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and was released in April 1974.
The 8086 (also called iAPX 86) is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel between early 1976 and mid-1978, when it was released.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International System of Quantities (ISQ) is a system based on seven base quantities: length, mass, time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature, amount of substance, and luminous intensity.
ISO 80000 or IEC 80000 is an international standard promulgated jointly by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
JBOB, an acronym for Just a Bunch Of Bytes, is a term is used to describe unstructured data that does not have a fixed format.
John Bannister Goodenough (born 25 July 1922 in Jena, Germany) is a German-born American professor and solid-state physicist.
John Cocke (May 30, 1925 – July 16, 2002) was an American computer scientist recognized for his large contribution to computer architecture and optimizing compiler design.
JOVIAL is a high-level computer programming language similar to ALGOL, specialized for the development of embedded systems (specialized computer systems designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions, usually embedded as part of a complete device including mechanical parts).
Jules I. Schwartz (June 26, 1927 – June 6, 2013) was an American computer scientist chiefly known for his creation of the JOVIAL programming language.
Kilo is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting multiplication by one thousand (103).
A magnetic core is a piece of magnetic material with a high magnetic permeability used to confine and guide magnetic fields in electrical, electromechanical and magnetic devices such as electromagnets, transformers, electric motors, generators, inductors, magnetic recording heads, and magnetic assemblies.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
Mega is a unit prefix in metric systems of units denoting a factor of one million (106 or 000).
A metric prefix is a unit prefix that precedes a basic unit of measure to indicate a multiple or fraction of the unit.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
The MIT Lincoln Laboratory, located in Lexington, Massachusetts, is a United States Department of Defense research and development center chartered to apply advanced technology to problems of national security.
The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.
In computing, a nibble (occasionally nybble or nyble to match the spelling of byte) is a four-bit aggregation, or half an octet.
A numerical digit is a single symbol (such as "2" or "5") used alone, or in combinations (such as "25"), to represent numbers (such as the number 25) according to some positional numeral systems.
The octet is a unit of digital information in computing and telecommunications that consists of eight bits.
A parity bit, or check bit, is a bit added to a string of binary code to ensure that the total number of 1-bits in the string is even or odd.
Pergamon Press was an Oxford-based publishing house, founded by Paul Rosbaud and Robert Maxwell, which published scientific and medical books and journals.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
In mathematics, a power of two is a number of the form where is an integer, i.e. the result of exponentiation with number two as the base and integer as the exponent.
In computer science, primitive data type is either of the following.
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
A punched card or punch card is a piece of stiff paper that can be used to contain digital data represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions.
In quantum computing, a qubit or quantum bit (sometimes qbit) is a unit of quantum information—the quantum analogue of the classical binary bit.
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
RWTH Aachen University or Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule AachenRWTH is the abbreviation of Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, which translates into "Rheinish-Westphalian Technical University".
S&P Global Inc. (prior to April 2016 McGraw Hill Financial, Inc., and prior to 2013 McGraw Hill Companies) is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in New York City.
The serial binary adder or bit-serial adder is a digital circuit that performs binary addition bit by bit.
In telecommunications, particularly in radio frequency, signal strength (also referred to as field strength) refers to the transmitter power output as received by a reference antenna at a distance from the transmitting antenna.
A six-bit character code is a character encoding designed for use on computers with word lengths a multiple of 6.
Sound pressure or acoustic pressure is the local pressure deviation from the ambient (average or equilibrium) atmospheric pressure, caused by a sound wave.
In computing, a syllable is a name for a platform-dependent unit of information storage.
A tape drive is a data storage device that reads and writes data on a magnetic tape.
Telephony is the field of technology involving the development, application, and deployment of telecommunication services for the purpose of electronic transmission of voice, fax, or data, between distant parties.
The ternary numeral system (also called base 3) has three as its base.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
In telecommunications, trunking is a method for a system to provide network access to many clients by sharing a set of lines or frequencies instead of providing them individually.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
In computing and telecommunications, a unit of information is the capacity of some standard data storage system or communication channel, used to measure the capacities of other systems and channels.
Werner Buchholz (born 24 October 1922 in Detmold, Germany) is a noted American computer scientist.
In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.
Yotta is the largest decimal unit prefix in the metric system, denoting a factor of 1024 or; that is, one million million million million, or one septillion.
A group of four bits is also called a nibble and has 24.
8-bit is also a generation of microcomputers in which 8-bit microprocessors were the norm.
4-bit byte, 6-bit byte, 8-bit byte, 9-bit byte, Binary table, Binary term, Binary yoked transfer element, Bit asynchronous transmission entity, By eight, Byte (computing), Byte size, Bytes, Eight-bit byte, Four-bit byte, Nine-bit byte, Six-bit byte, The Evolution of the Byte.