201 relations: Abul Kalam Azad, Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha, All-India Muslim League, Andhra Pradesh, Andhra State, Annexation of Goa, Annie Besant, Anti-Brahminism, Anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu, Archenemy, B. R. Ambedkar, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bangalore University, Bhagavad Gita, Bharat Ratna, Bharatiya Jana Sangh, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Educational Trust, Bidhan Chandra Roy, Bihar, British Raj, C. N. Annadurai, C. R. formula, C. R. Narasimhan, C. Vijayaraghavachariar, Carnatic music, Caste system in India, Chennai, Chittaranjan Das, Christmas, Civil disobedience, Classical liberalism, Coalition government, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Dalit, Dehydration, Devdas Gandhi, Diarchy in Madras Presidency, Direct Action Day, District Munsiff Court, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, E. M. S. Namboodiripad, East Bengal, Economic and Political Weekly, Elizabeth II, Excellency, Field marshal, Frederick Burrows, G. A. Natesan, Gaya, India, ..., George VI, Gopalkrishna Gandhi, Government of India Act, 1919, Governor of West Bengal, Governor-General of India, Gujarat, Harvard University, Hindi, Hinduism, Imperial Legislative Council, India, India Today, Indian English literature, Indian general election, 1957, Indian general election, 1962, Indian general election, 1967, Indian general election, 1971, Indian National Congress, Indian National Congress (Organisation), Indian National Democratic Congress, Indira Gandhi, Interim Government of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jayaprakash Narayan, John Erskine, Lord Erskine, John F. Kennedy, K. Kamaraj, K. S. Venkatakrishna Reddiar, Kailash Nath Katju, Kalki (magazine), Kalki Sadasivam, Kambar (poet), Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi, Kodandera M. Cariappa, Kolkata, Krishnagiri, Krishnagiri district, Kurai Onrum Illai, Kurma Venkata Reddy Naidu, Kurnool, Licence Raj, Life (magazine), List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu, List of Indian independence activists, List of places named after C. Rajagopalachari, List of Sahitya Akademi Award winners for Tamil, Lok Sabha, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Lower house, M. Karunanidhi, M. S. Subbulakshmi, Madras Legislative Assembly election, 1952, Madras Legislative Assembly election, 1957, Madras Legislative Assembly election, 1962, Madras Legislative Assembly election, 1967, Madras Presidency, Madras Presidency Legislative Assembly election, 1937, Madras State, Madurai, Mahabharata, Mahatma Gandhi, Marcus Aurelius, Meenakshi Temple, Member of the Legislative Assembly (India), Minister of Home Affairs (India), Ministry of Human Resource Development, Minoo Masani, Modified Scheme of Elementary education 1953, Motilal Nehru, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, N. G. Ranga, Nadar (caste), Nagapattinam, Nai Talim, Nehru Memorial Museum & Library, Non-cooperation movement, North India, Odisha, P. C. Alexander, P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja, P. Varadarajulu Naidu, Parliament of India, Philip Spratt, Poona Pact, Potti Sreeramulu, Prafulla Chandra Ghosh, Prejudice, Presidency College, Chennai, President of India, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Prohibition, Quit India Movement, Rajasthan, Rajendra Prasad, Rajmohan Gandhi, Ramachandra Guha, Ramayana, Ramchandra Gandhi, Republic Day, Richard Casey, Baron Casey, Richard Nixon, Rowlatt Act, Sahitya Akademi, Sahitya Akademi Award, Salem, Tamil Nadu, Salt March, Samyukta Socialist Party, Sarat Chandra Bose, Sardar Vedaratnam, Self-Respect Movement, Socrates, Soviet Union, Sri Prakasa, Subhas Chandra Bose, Surat, Swarajya (magazine), Swatantra Party, Tamil Brahmin, Tamil language, Tamil Nadu, Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 1971, Tamil Nadu Legislative Council, Tanguturi Prakasam, Teen Murti Bhavan, Telangana Rebellion, Telugu language, Temperance movement, Temple Entry Proclamation, The Hindu, The Telegraph (Calcutta), Thorapalli, Tibet, Time (magazine), Tiruchirappalli, Tirukkuṛaḷ, Untouchability, Upanishads, Uremia, Urinary tract infection, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, V. R. Nedunchezhiyan, V. V. Giri, Vaikom Satyagraha, Vallabhbhai Patel, Vedaranyam March, Vedas, Venkateswara, West Bengal, White House, World War II. Expand index (151 more) » « Shrink index
Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was an Indian scholar and the senior Muslim leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement.
The Akhil Bhāratiya Hindū Mahāsabhā (translation: All-India Hindu Grand-Assembly) is a right wing Hindu nationalist political party in India.
The All-India Muslim League (popularised as Muslim League) was a political party established during the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Andhra State (IAST) was a state in India created 1953, from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State.
The Annexation of Goa was the process in which the Republic of India annexed the former Portuguese Indian territories of Goa, Daman and Diu, starting with the "armed action" carried out by the Indian Armed Forces in December 1961.
Annie Besant, née Wood (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.
Anti-Brahminism or Anti-Manuvaad is the ideology of being opposed or expressing hostility towards the Brahmins, who are the priestly caste in Hinduism and traditionally the highest ranked social caste.
The Anti-Hindi imposition agitations of Tamil Nadu were a series of agitations that happened in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu (formerly Madras State and part of Madras Presidency) during both pre- and post-Independence periods.
An archenemy (sometimes spelled arch-enemy) is the main enemy of someone.
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination towards Untouchables (Dalits), while also supporting the rights of women and labour.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak (or Lokmanya Tilak,; 23 July 1856 – 1 August 1920), born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, was an Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist.
Bangalore University, or BU, is a public state university is located in Bengaluru in the state of Karnataka, India.
The Bhagavad Gita (भगवद्गीता, in IAST,, lit. "The Song of God"), often referred to as the Gita, is a 700 verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata (chapters 23–40 of the 6th book of Mahabharata).
The Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India) is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India.
The Bharatiya Jana Sangh (abbrv. BJS), commonly known as the Jan Sangh, was an Indian right wing political party that existed from 1951 to 1977 and was the political arm of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation.
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan is an Indian educational trust.
Bidhan Chandra Roy MRCP, FRCS; (1 July 1882 – 1 July 1962) was the second Chief Minister of West Bengal in India.
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Conjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai (15 September 1909 – 3 February 1969), popularly called Anna ("Elder brother") or Arignar Anna ("Anna, the scholar"), was an Indian politician who served as 1st Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 1967 and 5th, last Chief Minister of Madras until 1969 in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India.
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari Narasimhan (1909–1989) was an Indian politician, freedom-fighter and member of the Indian Parliament from 1952 to 1962.
Chakravarti Vijayaraghavachariar (18 June 1852 – 19 April 1944) was an Indian politician.
Carnatic music, Karnāṭaka saṃgīta or Karnāṭaka saṅgītam is a system of music commonly associated with southern India, including the modern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, as well as Sri Lanka.
The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Chittaranjan Das (C. R. Das) (চিত্তরঞ্জন দাশ Chittorônjon Dash), popularly called Deshbandhu (Friend of the Nation), (5 November 1869 – 16 June 1925), was a leading Indian politician, a prominent lawyer, an activist of the Indian National Movement and founder-leader of the Swaraj (Independence) Party in Bengal during British occupation in India.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government or occupying international power.
Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom.
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which many or multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition".
The Communist Party of India (CPI) (Bhāratīya Kamyunisṭ Pārṭī) is a communist party in India.
The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbreviated CPI(M)) is a communist party in India.
Dalit, meaning "broken/scattered" in Sanskrit and Hindi, is a term mostly used for the castes in India that have been subjected to untouchability.
In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.
Devdas Mohandas Gandhi (22 May 1900 – 3 August 1957) was the fourth and youngest son of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Diarchy was established in Madras Presidency based on the recommendations of the Montague-Chelmsford report.
Direct Action Day (16 August 1946), also known as the Great Calcutta Killings, was a day of widespread communal rioting between Muslims and Hindus in the city of Calcutta (now known as Kolkata) in the Bengal province of British India.
District Munsiff Court (alternate spelling District Munsif Court) is the court of the lowest order handling matters pertaining to civil matters in the district.
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), (Dravidian Progress Federation) is a state political party in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh in India.
Elamkulam Manakkal Sankaran Namboodiripad (13 June 1909 – 19 March 1998), popularly EMS, was an Indian communist politician and theorist, who served as the first Chief Minister of Kerala state in 1957–59 and then again in 1967–69.
East Bengal (পূর্ব বাংলা Purbô Bangla) was a geographically noncontiguous province of the Dominion of Pakistan covering Bangladesh.
The Economic and Political Weekly is a weekly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all social sciences, and is published by the Sameeksha Trust.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Excellency is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy.
Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks.
Sir Frederick John Burrows, GCSI, GCIE (1887–1973), was a British politician who served as the last British Governor of Bengal during British Raj in India.
Ganapathi Agraharam Annadhurai Ayyar Natesan (25 August 1873 – 29 April 1948) was an Indian writer, journalist, publisher, politician and freedom-fighter from the erstwhile Madras Presidency.
Gaya is a city of ancient historical and mythological significance.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
Gopalkrishna Devdas Gandhi (born 22 April 1945) is a retired IAS officer and diplomat, who was the 22nd Governor of West Bengal serving from 2004 to 2009.
The Government of India Act 1919 (9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 101) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Governor of West Bengal is a nominal head and representative of the President of India in the state of West Bengal.
The Governor-General of India (or, from 1858 to 1947, officially the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, commonly shortened to Viceroy of India) was originally the head of the British administration in India and, later, after Indian independence in 1947, the representative of the Indian head of state.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The Imperial Legislative Council was a legislature for British India from 1861 to 1947.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
India Today is an Indian English-language fortnightly news magazine and news television channel.
Indian English Literature (IEL) refers to the body of work by writers in India who write in the English language and whose native or co-native language could be one of the numerous languages of India.
The Indian general election of 1957 elected the 2nd Lok Sabha of India.
The Indian general election of 1962 elected the 3rd Lok Sabha of India and was held from 19 to 25 February.
The Indian general election of 1967 elected the 4th Lok Sabha of India and was held from 17 to 21 February.
India held general elections to the 5th Lok Sabha in March 1971.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
The Indian National Congress (Organisation) or Congress (O) was a political party in India formed when the Congress party split following the expulsion of Indira Gandhi.
The Congress Reform Committee was formed by a group of dissidents that left the Indian National Congress in the Madras State.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.
The interim government of India, formed on 2 September 1946 from the newly elected Constituent Assembly of India, had the task of assisting the transition of British India to independence.
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.
Jayaprakash Narayan (11 October 1902 – 8 October 1979), popularly referred to as JP or Lok Nayak (Hindi for The People's Leader), was an Indian independence activist, theorist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the mid-1970s opposition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, for whose overthrow he called a "total revolution".
John Francis Ashley Erskine, Lord Erskine GCSI, GCIE (12 April 1895 – 3 May 1953) was a British soldier, Conservative Party politician and administrator who served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Weston-super-Mare and Brighton.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
Kumaraswami Kamaraj (15 July 1903, The Hindu, 8 July 2009 –2 October 1975, hinduonnet.com. 15–28 September 2001), was a leader of the Indian National Congress (INC), widely acknowledged as the "Kingmaker" in Indian politics during the 1960s.
Kailash Nath Katju (17 June 1887 – 17 February 1968) was a prominent politician of India.
Kalki is a Tamil magazine published from Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
"Kalki" Thiagaraja Sadasivam ("கல்கி" தியாகராஜன் சதாசிவம்; "Kalki" Tyāgarājan Sadāśivam) (4 September 1902 – 22 November 1997) was a leading freedom fighter, singer, journalist and film producer who was one of the founders, along with Kalki Krishnamurthy of the Tamil magazine Kalki.
Kambar (Kamban in casual address) (c. 1180, Therazhundur, Nagapattinam district, India – 1250) was a medieval Tamil poet and the author of the Ramavataram, popularly known as Kambaramayanam, the Tamil version of the epic Ramayana.
Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (30 December 1887 – 8 February 1971), popularly known as K. M. Munshi, was an Indian independence movement activist, politician, writer and educationist from Gujarat state.
Field Marshal Kodandera "Kipper" Madappa Cariappa, OBE (28 January 1899 – 15 May 1993) was the first Indian Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the Indian Army.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Krishnagiri is a Town in Tamil-Nadu and administrative headquarters of Krishnagiri District in the part of Kongu Nadu region in western part of Tamil Nadu.
Krishnagiri district is a district in the western part of the state of Tamil Nadu, in India.
Kurai Onrum Illai (குறை ஒன்றும் இல்லை, meaning No grievances have I) is a Tamil devotional song written by C. Rajagopalachari.
Rao Bahadur Sir Kurma Venkatareddy Naidu KCSI Born in a famous Naidu family on 15 May 1875.
Kurnool is the headquarters of Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
The Licence Raj or Permit Raj (rāj, meaning "rule" in Hindi) was the elaborate system of licences, regulations and accompanying red tape that were required to set up and run businesses in India between 1947 and 1990.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
The complete list of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu consists of the heads of government in the history of the state of Tamil Nadu in India since 1920.
This is a listing of people who campaigned against or are considered to have campaigned against colonial rule on the Indian sub-continent.
Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (10 December 1878 – 25 December 1972), informally called Rajaji or C.R., was an Indian lawyer, Indian independence activist, politician, writer, statesman and leader of the Indian National Congress who served as the last Governor-General of India.
The Sahitya Akademi Award is the second-highest literary honor in India.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, (born Prince Louis of Battenberg; 25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979) was a British Royal Navy officer and statesman, an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and second cousin once removed of Queen Elizabeth II.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
Muthuvel Karunanidhi (born as Daksinamoorthy on 3 June 1924) is an Indian politician and the 3rd Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi (also known as M.S.; September 16, 1916 – December 11, 2004) was an Indian Carnatic singer from Madurai, Tamil Nadu.
The first legislative assembly Election to the Madras state on the basis of universal adult suffrage was held in March 1952.
The second legislative assembly election to the Madras state (presently Tamil Nadu) was held on 31 March 1957.
The third legislative assembly election to the Madras state (presently Tamil Nadu) was held on 21 February 1962.
The fourth legislative assembly election of Madras State (later renamed as Tamil Nadu) was held in February 1967.
The Madras Presidency, or the Presidency of Fort St.
The First legislative assembly election for the Madras Presidency was held in February 1937, as part of the nationwide provincial elections in British India.
Madras State was a state in the Republic of India.
Madurai is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Marcus Aurelius (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman emperor from, ruling jointly with his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, until Verus' death in 169, and jointly with his son, Commodus, from 177.
Meenakshi Temple, also referred to as Meenakshi Amman or Minakshi-Sundareshwara Temple, is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.
A Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district (constituency) to the legislature of the State government in the Indian system of government.
The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development, formerly Ministry of Education (until 25 September 1985), is responsible for the development of human resources in India.
Minocher Rustom "Minoo" Masani (20 November 1905 – 27 May 1998) was an Indian politician, a leading figure of the erstwhile Swatantra Party.
The Modified Scheme of Elementary Education or New Scheme of Elementary Education or Madras Scheme of Elementary Education dubbed by its critics as Kula Kalvi Thittam (Hereditary Education Policy), was an abortive attempt at education reform introduced by the Indian National Congress Government of the Madras State, led by C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) in 1953.
Motilal Nehru (6 May 1861 – 6 February 1931) was an Indian lawyer, an activist of the Indian Independence Movement and an important leader of the Indian National Congress, who also served as the Congress President twice, 1919–1920 and 1928–1929.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (محمد علی جناح ALA-LC:, born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.
Gogineni Ranga Nayukulu, also known as N. G. Ranga (7 November 1900 – 9 June 1995), was an Indian freedom fighter, parliamentarian and kisan (farmer) leader.
Nadar (also referred to as Nadan, Shanar and Shanan) is a Tamil caste of South India and Sri Lanka.
Nagapattinam (nākappaṭṭinam, previously spelt Nagapatnam or Negapatam) is a town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Nagapattinam District.
Nai Talim is a principle which states that knowledge and work are not separate.
The Nehru Memorial Museum & Library (NMML) is a museum and library in New Delhi, India, which aims to preserve and reconstruct the history of the Indian independence movement.
This was a significant phase of the Indian independence movement from British rule.
North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
Padinjarethalakal Cherian Alexander (20 March 1921 – 10 August 2011) was an Indian Administrative Service officer of 1948 batch who served as the Governor of Tamil Nadu from 1988 to 1990 and as the Governor of Maharashtra from 1993 to 2002.
Poosapati Sanjeevi Kumarswamy Raja (8 July 1898 – 16 March 1957) was an Indian politician and the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (Madras Presidency) from 6 April 1949 to 10 April 1952.
Perumal Varadarajulu Naidu (4 June 1887 – 23 July 1957) was an Indian physician, politician, journalist and Indian independence activist.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India.
Philip Spratt (26 September 1902 – 8 March 1971) was a British writer and intellectual.
The Poona Pact refers to an agreement between B. R. Ambedkar and M. K. Gandhi on the reservation of electoral seats for the depressed classes in the legislature of British India government.
Potti Sreeramulu (Telugu: పొట్టి శ్రీరాములు, IAST: Poṭṭi Śreerāmulu; 16 March 1901 – 15 December 1952), was an Indian revolutionary.
Prafulla Chandra Ghosh (Prophullo Chôndro Ghosh; 1891–1983) was the first Chief Minister of West Bengal, India.
Prejudice is an affective feeling towards a person or group member based solely on that person's group membership.
Presidency College is an arts, law and science college in the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II.
Prohibition is the illegality of the manufacturing, storage in barrels or bottles, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcohol including alcoholic beverages, or a period of time during which such illegality was enforced.
The Quit India Movement or the India August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.
Rajmohan Gandhi (born 7 August 1935) is a biographer and a research professor at the Center for South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, US.
Ramachandra Guha (born 29 April 1958) is an Indian historian and writer whose research interests include environmental, social, political, contemporary and cricket history.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Ramchandra Gandhi (9 June 1937 – 13 June 2007) was an Indian philosopher.
A Republic Day is a holiday to commemorate the day when a country became a republic.
Richard Gavin Gardiner Casey, Baron Casey (29 August 1890 – 17 June 1976) was an Australian statesman who served as the 16th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1965 to 1969.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919, popularly known as the Rowlatt Act and also known as the Black Act, was a legislative act passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in Delhi on March 18, 1919, indefinitely extending the emergency measures of preventive indefinite detention, incarceration without trial and judicial review enacted in the Defence of India Act 1915 during the First World War.
The Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, is an organisation dedicated to the promotion of literature in the languages of India.
The Sahitya Akademi Award is a literary honor in India, which the Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, annually confers on writers of the most outstanding books of literary merit published in any of the major Indian languages (24 languages, including the 22 listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, along with English and Rajasthani) recognised by the Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi.
Salem is a city in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Salt March, also known as the Dandi March and the Dandi Satyagraha, was an act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial India led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to produce salt from the seawater in the coastal village of Dandi (now in Gujarat), as was the practice of the local populace until British officials introduced taxation on salt production, deemed their sea-salt reclamation activities illegal, and then repeatedly used force to stop it.
Samyukta Socialist Party (translation: United Socialist Party, SSP), was a political party in India from 1964 to 1972.
Sarat Chandra Bose (Bengali: শরৎ চন্দ্র বসু; 6 September 1889 – 20 February 1950) was a barrister and Indian independence activist.
Sardar Vedaratnam Pillai (25 February 1897 – 24 August 1961) was an Indian freedom-fighter, a leader of the Indian National Congress and a famous philanthropist who served as an MLA for three terms over a period of 14 years.
The Self-Respect Movement is a movement with the aim of achieving a society where backward castes have equal human rights, and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste-based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy.
Socrates (Sōkrátēs,; – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Sri Prakasa (3 August 1890 – 23 June 1971) was an Indian politician, freedom-fighter and administrator.
Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.
Surat is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat.
Swarajya is an Indian monthly print magazine and online daily.
The Swatantra Party was an Indian liberal-conservative political party that existed from 1959 to 1974.
Tamil Brahmins, also known as "Andhanar", are Tamil-speaking Brahmins primarily living in Tamil Nadu, although a few of them have settled in other states like, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly alone has powers to legislate laws covering state subjects in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The fifth legislative assembly election of Tamil Nadu was held in March 1971.
Tamil Nadu Legislative Council was the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
* Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu (23 August 1872 – 20 May 1957) was an Indian politician and freedom fighter, chief minister of the Madras Presidency, and subsequently became the first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines.
The Teen Murti Bhavan (Teen Murti House) is the former residence of the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru in Delhi, India, who stayed here for 16 years until his death on May 27, 1964.
The Telangana Rebellion (IAST: tělaṃgāṇā věţţi cākiri udyamaṃ, "Telangana Bonded Labour Movement"; alternatively, tělaṃgāṇā raitāṃga sāyudha pōrāţaṃ, "Telangana Peasants Armed Struggle") was a peasant rebellion against the feudal lords of the Telangana region and, later, the princely state of Hyderabad, between 1946 and 1951.
Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India.
The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
The Temple Entry Proclamation was issued by Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma in 1936 and abolished the ban on the so called 'low caste people' or avarnas from entering Hindu temples in the Princely State of Travancore, now part of Kerala, India.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Telegraph is an Indian English daily newspaper founded and continuously published in Kolkata since 7 July 1982.
Thorapalli or Thorapalli Agraharam is a village in Hosur taluk, Krishnagiri district, Tamil Nadu.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tiruchirappalli (formerly Trichinopoly in English), also called Trichy, is a major tier II city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirappalli District.
The Tirukkural or Thirukkural (திருக்குறள், literally Sacred Verses), or shortly the Kural, is a classic Tamil text consisting of 1,330 couplets or Kurals, dealing with the everyday virtues of an individual.
Untouchability is the practice of ostracising a group by segregating them from the mainstream by social custom or legal mandate.
The Upanishads (उपनिषद्), a part of the Vedas, are ancient Sanskrit texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts and ideas of Hinduism, some of which are shared with religious traditions like Buddhism and Jainism.
Uremia is the condition of having "urea in the blood".
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract.
Valliappan Olaganathan Chidambaram Pillai (5 September 1872 – 18 November 1936), popularly known by his initials, V.O.C. (spelt வ.உ.சி in Tamil), also known as Kappalottiya Tamizhan "The Tamil Helmsman", was a Tamil Freedom fighter and leader of Indian National Congress.
V. R. Nedunchezhiyan (11 July 1920 – 12 January 2000) was a Chief Minister of the state of Tamil Nadu, India,He was appointed 2nd Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in two tenures (3 February 1969 – 10 February 1969 and 24 December 1987 – 7 January 1988). Nedunchezhiyan was a minister under the governments of C. N. Annadurai, M. Karunanidhi, M. G. Ramachandran and J. Jayalalithaa. Nedunchezhiyan was born at Thirukkannapuram on 11 July 1920. He became involved with politics while at Annamalai University and joined the Dravidar Kazhagam party in 1944. In 1949, he and C. N. Annadurai formed the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), with the latter as leader and Nedunchezhiyan acting as deputy general secretary until 1955. He was general secretary between 1955-61 and then chairman of the party's general council until 1969. Nedunchezhiyan was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu in 1962 and in 1967 became a cabinet minister when the DMK took power. He was briefly acting Chief Minister for the state following the death of Annadurai's death in 1969, taking the role until M. Karunanidhi was appointed. He then continued as a cabinet minister in the Karunanidhi cabinet until the DMK lost power in 1976. Together with Sathyavani Muthu, Nedunchezhiyan left the DMK to form a new political party called the Makkal DMK but this did not last long. The party merged with the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK), which was by then in government, in 1978 and from 1980 Nedunchezhiyan was again a cabinet minister, this time under the leadership of ADMK's M. G. Ramachandran. He held the position of Finance Minister from 1980 to 1987 and once again became acting Chief Minister in the latter year when Ramachandran died. He was a candidate in the subsequent leadership election but lost to Ramachandran's wife, Janaki. Nedunchezhiyan briefly aligned himself with the Jayalalitha-led group within the ADMK but was expelled from the party in 1988 after disputes with its leaders. He stood in the 1989 state elections and later that year returned to the party fold after Jayalalitha had successfully reunified it. He remained loyal to her thereafter and served as Finance Minister again between 1991-1996. He died of heart failure in hospital on 12 January 2000. He was survived by his wife, Visalakshi, and a son.
Varahagiri Venkata Giri (10 August 1894 – 24 June 1980), commonly known as V. V. Giri, was the fourth president of India from 24 August 1969 to 24 August 1974.
Vaikom Satyagraha (1924–25) was a satyagraha (movement) in Travancore, India (now part of Kerala) against untouchability in Hindu society.
Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950), popularly known as Sardar Patel, was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India.
The Vedaranyam March (also called the Vedaranyam Satyagraha) was a framework of the nonviolent civil disobedience movement in British India.
The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.
Venkateswara (Sanskrit: वेङ्कटेश्वर, IAST: Veṅkaṭēśvara), also known as Śrīnivāsa, Bālājī, Veṅkaṭā, Venkata Ramana, Veṅkaṭācalapati, Tirupati Timmappa and Govindha, is a form of the Hindu god Vishnu.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
C Rajagopalachari, Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, Chakravarthy Rajagopalachari, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Chakravarti Rajagopalachariar, Chakravarti Rajaji, Chakravarti Rajgopalachari, Rajagopalachari, Chakravarti, Rajaji.