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Index CD-ROM

A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data. [1]

100 relations: Acronym, Aluminium, Audio signal, Bearing (mechanical), Binary prefix, Blue Book (CD standard), Bootable business card, Byte, CD player, CD-R, CD-RW, CloneCD Control File, Compact disc, Compact Disc Digital Audio, Computer Chronicles, Computer data storage, Computer hardware, Constant angular velocity, Cross-interleaved Reed–Solomon coding, Cue sheet (computing), Cyclic redundancy check, Data, Data-rate units, Denon, Disk image, Disk sector, DVD, DVD-Audio, DVP Media, Ecma International, Eight-to-fourteen modulation, El Torito (CD-ROM standard), Enhanced CD, Error detection and correction, File system, Floppy disk, Fourth generation of video game consoles, Future US, Gibibyte, Green Book (CD standard), Hard disk drive, Header (computing), IEEE 1394, Infrared, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, International Organization for Standardization, Interpolation, ISO 13490, ISO 9660, ..., ISO image, Kenwood Corporation, Laser, Laser diode, Light beam, Mebibyte, Media Descriptor File, Megabyte, Mini CD, Minute, Mixed Mode CD, MultiLevel Recording, Nanometre, Next Generation (magazine), Optical disc, Optical disc authoring, Optical disc drive, Panasonic CD interface, Parallel ATA, Phase (waves), Phase transition, Phase-change Dual, Philips, Philips CD-i, Photo CD, Plastic, Polycarbonate, Rainbow Books, Read-only memory, Reed–Solomon error correction, Revolutions per minute, Samsung, SCSI, Second, Serial ATA, Shaped Compact Disc, Significant figures, Software, Sony, Specification (technical standard), Super Video CD, Technical standard, Thor-CD, Track (optical disc), Universal Disk Format, USB, Video CD, Wave interference, White Book (CD standard), Write once read many. Expand index (50 more) »


An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).

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Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Audio signal

An audio signal is a representation of sound, typically as an electrical voltage for analog signals and a binary number for digital signals.

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Bearing (mechanical)

A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion to only the desired motion, and reduces friction between moving parts.

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Binary prefix

A binary prefix is a unit prefix for multiples of units in data processing, data transmission, and digital information, notably the bit and the byte, to indicate multiplication by a power of 2.

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Blue Book (CD standard)

The Blue Book is a compact disc standard developed in 1995 by Philips and Sony.

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Bootable business card

A bootable business card (BBC) is a CD-ROM that has been cut, pressed, or molded to the size and shape of a business card (designed to fit in a wallet or pocket).

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The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.

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CD player

A CD player is an electronic device that plays audio compact discs, which are a digital optical disc data storage format.

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CD-R (Compact Disc-Recordable) is a digital optical disc storage format.

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CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable) is a digital optical disc storage format.

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CloneCD Control File

A CloneCD Control File is a text descriptor with the extension.ccd used by CloneCD to mark the properties of a CD/DVD image.

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Compact disc

Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.

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Compact Disc Digital Audio

Compact Disc Digital Audio (CDDA or CD-DA) is the standard format for audio compact discs.

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Computer Chronicles

Computer Chronicles was an American half-hour television series, broadcast from 1983 to 2002 on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) public television, which documented the rise of the personal computer from its infancy to the immense market at the turn of the 21st century.

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Computer data storage

Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.

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Computer hardware

Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.

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Constant angular velocity

In optical storage, constant angular velocity (CAV) is a qualifier for the rated speed of any disc containing information, and may also be applied to the writing speed of recordable discs.

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Cross-interleaved Reed–Solomon coding

In the compact disc system, cross-interleaved Reed–Solomon code (CIRC) provides error detection and error correction.

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Cue sheet (computing)

A cue sheet, or cue file, is a metadata file which describes how the tracks of a CD or DVD are laid out.

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Cyclic redundancy check

A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is an error-detecting code commonly used in digital networks and storage devices to detect accidental changes to raw data.

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Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables.

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Data-rate units

In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.

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is a Japanese electronics company that was involved in the early stages of development of digital audio technology, while specializing in the manufacture of high-fidelity professional and consumer audio equipment.

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Disk image

A disk image, in computing, is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume or of an entire data storage device, such as a hard disk drive, tape drive, floppy disk, optical disc or USB flash drive.

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Disk sector

In computer disk storage, a sector is a subdivision of a track on a magnetic disk or optical disc.

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DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.

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DVD-Audio (commonly abbreviated as DVD-A) is a digital format for delivering high-fidelity audio content on a DVD.

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DVP Media

DVP Media is a multimedia software house.

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Ecma International

Ecma is a standards organization for information and communication systems.

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Eight-to-fourteen modulation

Eight-to-fourteen modulation (EFM) is a data encoding technique – formally, a line code – used by compact discs (CD), laserdiscs (LD) and pre-Hi-MD MiniDiscs.

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El Torito (CD-ROM standard)

The El Torito Bootable CD Specification is an extension to the ISO 9660 CD-ROM specification.

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Enhanced CD

Enhanced CD is a certification mark of the Recording Industry Association of America for various technologies that combine audio and computer data for use in both Compact Disc and CD-ROM players.

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Error detection and correction

In information theory and coding theory with applications in computer science and telecommunication, error detection and correction or error control are techniques that enable reliable delivery of digital data over unreliable communication channels.

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File system

In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.

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Floppy disk

A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.

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Fourth generation of video game consoles

In the history of computer and video games, the fourth generation (more commonly referred to as the 16-bit era) of games consoles began on October 30, 1987 with the Japanese release of NEC Home Electronics' PC Engine (known as the TurboGrafx-16 in North America).

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Future US

Future US, Inc. (formerly known as Imagine Media and The Future Network USA) is an American media corporation specializing in targeted magazines and websites in the video games, music, and technology markets.

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The gibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Green Book (CD standard)

The "Green Book", formally known as the "CD-i Full Functional Specification", is a CD standard announced in 1986 by Philips and Sony that defines the format for interactive, multimedia compact discs designed for CD-i players.

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Hard disk drive

A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.

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Header (computing)

In information technology, header refers to supplemental data placed at the beginning of a block of data being stored or transmitted.

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IEEE 1394

IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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International Electrotechnical Commission

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".

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International Federation of the Phonographic Industry

The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) is the organisation that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide.

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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In the mathematical field of numerical analysis, interpolation is a method of constructing new data points within the range of a discrete set of known data points.

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ISO 13490

ISO/IEC 13490 (also known as ECMA-168) is the successor to ISO 9660 (level 3), intended to describe the file system of a CD-ROM or CD-R. ISO 13490 has several improvements over its predecessor.

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ISO 9660

ISO 9660 is a file system for optical disc media.

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ISO image

An ISO image is a disk image optical discs.

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Kenwood Corporation

is a Japanese company that designs, develops and markets a range of car audio, Hi-Fi home and personal audio, professional two-way radio communications equipment and amateur radio ("ham") equipment.

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A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.

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Laser diode

A laser diode, (LD), injection laser diode (ILD), or diode laser is a semiconductor device similar to a light-emitting diode in which the laser beam is created at the diode's junction.

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Light beam

A light beam or beam of light is a directional projection of light energy radiating from a light source.

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The mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Media Descriptor File

Media Descriptor File (MDF) is a proprietary disc image file format developed for Alcohol 120%, an optical disc authoring program.

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The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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Mini CD

Mini CDs, or pocket CDs, are CDs with a smaller diameter and one third the storage capacity of a standard 120 mm disc.

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The minute is a unit of time or angle.

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Mixed Mode CD

A mixed mode CD is a Compact Disc which contains both data and audio in one session.

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MultiLevel Recording

MultiLevel Recording (ML) (also known as M-ary) was a technology originally developed by Optex Corporation and promoted by Calimetrics to increase the storage capacity of optical discs.

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The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).

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Next Generation (magazine)

Next Generation (also known as NextGen) was a video game magazine that was published by Imagine Media (now Future Network USA).

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Optical disc

In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.

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Optical disc authoring

Optical disc authoring, including DVD and Blu-ray Disc authoring is the process of assembling source material—video, audio or other data—into the proper logical volume format to then be recorded ("burned") onto an optical disc (typically a compact disc or DVD).

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Optical disc drive

In computing, an optical disc drive (ODD) is a disc drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves within or near the visible light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs.

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Panasonic CD interface

The Panasonic CD interface, also known as the MKE CD interface (for Matsushita Kotobuki Electronics), SLCD or simply Panasonic, is a proprietary computer interface for connecting a CD-ROM drive to an IBM PC compatible computer.

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Parallel ATA

Parallel ATA (PATA), originally, is an interface standard for the connection of storage devices such as hard disk drives, floppy disk drives, and optical disc drives in computers.

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Phase (waves)

Phase is the position of a point in time (an instant) on a waveform cycle.

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Phase transition

The term phase transition (or phase change) is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma.

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Phase-change Dual

Phase-Change Dual (PD) is a rewritable optical disc format introduced by Panasonic in 1995.

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Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.

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Philips CD-i

The Philips CD-i (an abbreviation of Compact Disc Interactive) is an interactive multimedia CD player developed and marketed by Royal Philips Electronics N.V., who supported it from December 1991 into the late 1990s.

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Photo CD

Photo CD is a system designed by Kodak for digitizing and saving photos onto a CD.

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Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.

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Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures.

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Rainbow Books

The Rainbow Books are a collection of Compact Disc format specifications.

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Read-only memory

Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.

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Reed–Solomon error correction

Reed–Solomon codes are a group of error-correcting codes that were introduced by Irving S. Reed and Gustave Solomon in 1960.

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Revolutions per minute

Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.

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Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.

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Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.

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The second is the SI base unit of time, commonly understood and historically defined as 1/86,400 of a day – this factor derived from the division of the day first into 24 hours, then to 60 minutes and finally to 60 seconds each.

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Serial ATA

Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.

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Shaped Compact Disc

A shaped Compact Disc is a non-circular compact disc.

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Significant figures

The significant figures (also known as the significant digits) of a number are digits that carry meaning contributing to its measurement resolution.

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Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.

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is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.

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Specification (technical standard)

A specification often refers to a set of documented requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service.

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Super Video CD

Super Video CD (Super Video Compact Disc or SVCD) is a digital format for storing video on standard compact discs.

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Technical standard

A technical standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems.

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Thor-CD was a re-recordable CD format proposed in 1988 by Tandy.

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Track (optical disc)

On an optical disc, a track (CD) or title (DVD) is a subdivision of its content.

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Universal Disk Format

Universal Disk Format (UDF) is a profile of the specification known as ISO/IEC 13346 and ECMA-167 and is an open vendor-neutral file system for computer data storage for a broad range of media.

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USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.

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Video CD

Video CD (abbreviated as VCD, and also known as Compact Disc digital video) is a home video format and the first format for distributing films on standard optical discs.

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Wave interference

In physics, interference is a phenomenon in which two waves superpose to form a resultant wave of greater, lower, or the same amplitude.

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White Book (CD standard)

The White Book refers to a standard of compact disc that stores not only sound but also still pictures and motion video.

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Write once read many

Write once read many (WORM) describes a data storage device in which information, once written, cannot be modified.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CD-ROM

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