58 relations: Additive color, Brightness, Cambridge University Press, Chromaticity, CIE 1931 color space, CIE 1960 color space, CIE 1964 color space, CIELAB color space, CIELUV, Color difference, Color management, Color model, Color space, Color triangle, Color vision, Cone cell, Convex set, David MacAdam, Field of view, Fovea centralis, Gamut, Grassmann's laws (color science), Hilbert space, Human eye, Illuminant D65, Impossible color, Inner product space, International Commission on Illumination, Interpolation, Line of purples, Line segment, LMS color space, Luminance, Luminosity function, MacAdam ellipse, Metamerism (color), Monochrome, Nanometre, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, Pigment, Primary color, Projective plane, Radiance, Reflectance, RGB color space, Rod cell, Society of Dyers and Colourists, Spectral power distribution, Spectral sensitivity, SRGB, ..., Standard illuminant, Stimulus (physiology), Three-dimensional space, Transmittance, Trichromacy, Visible spectrum, Wavelength, White point. Expand index (8 more) » « Shrink index
Additive color is a method to create color by mixing a number of different light colors, with shades of red, green, and blue being the most common primary colors used in additive color system.
Brightness is an attribute of visual perception in which a source appears to be radiating or reflecting light.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Chromaticity is an objective specification of the quality of a color regardless of its luminance.
The CIE 1931 color spaces were the first defined quantitative links between distributions of wavelengths in the electromagnetic visible spectrum, and physiologically perceived colors in human color vision.
The CIE 1960 color space ("CIE 1960 UCS", variously expanded Uniform Color Space, Uniform Color Scale, Uniform Chromaticity Scale, Uniform Chromaticity Space) is another name for the chromaticity space devised by David MacAdam.
The CIE 1964 (U*, V*, W*) color space, also known as CIEUVW, is based on the CIE 1960 UCS: where is the white point and Y is the luminous tristimulus value of the object.
The CIELAB color space (also known as CIE L*a*b* or sometimes abbreviated as simply "Lab" color space) is a color space defined by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) in 1976.
In colorimetry, the CIE 1976 L*, u*, v* color space, commonly known by its abbreviation CIELUV, is a color space adopted by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) in 1976, as a simple-to-compute transformation of the 1931 CIE XYZ color space, but which attempted perceptual uniformity.
The difference or distance between two colors is a metric of interest in color science.
In digital imaging systems, color management is the controlled conversion between the color representations of various devices, such as image scanners, digital cameras, monitors, TV screens, film printers, computer printers, offset presses, and corresponding media.
A color model is an abstract mathematical model describing the way colors can be represented as tuples of numbers, typically as three or four values or color components.
A color space is a specific organization of colors.
A colour triangle is an arrangement of colours within a triangle, based on the additive combination of three primary colors at its corners.
Color vision is the ability of an organism or machine to distinguish objects based on the wavelengths (or frequencies) of the light they reflect, emit, or transmit.
Cone cells, or cones, are one of three types of photoreceptor cells in the retina of mammalian eyes (e.g. the human eye).
In convex geometry, a convex set is a subset of an affine space that is closed under convex combinations.
The field of view is the extent of the observable world that is seen at any given moment.
The fovea centralis is a small, central pit composed of closely packed cones in the eye.
In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut, is a certain complete subset of colors.
Grassmann's laws describe empirical results about how the perception of mixtures of colored lights (i.e., lights that co-stimulate the same area on the retina) composed of different spectral power distributions can be algebraically related to one another in a color matching context.
The mathematical concept of a Hilbert space, named after David Hilbert, generalizes the notion of Euclidean space.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
CIE Standard Illuminant D65 (sometimes written D65) is a commonly used standard illuminant defined by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE).
Impossible colors or forbidden colors are supposed colors that cannot be perceived in normal seeing of light that is a combination of various intensities of the various frequencies of visible light, but are reported to be seen in special circumstances.
In linear algebra, an inner product space is a vector space with an additional structure called an inner product.
The International Commission on Illumination (usually abbreviated CIE for its French name, Commission internationale de l'éclairage) is the international authority on light, illumination, colour, and colour spaces.
In the mathematical field of numerical analysis, interpolation is a method of constructing new data points within the range of a discrete set of known data points.
In color theory, the line of purples or purple boundary is the locus on the edge of the chromaticity diagram formed between extreme spectral red and violet.
In geometry, a line segment is a part of a line that is bounded by two distinct end points, and contains every point on the line between its endpoints.
LMS is a color space represented by the response of the three types of cones of the human eye, named for their responsivity (sensitivity) peaks at long, medium, and short wavelengths.
Luminance is a photometric measure of the luminous intensity per unit area of light travelling in a given direction.
A luminosity function or luminous efficiency function describes the average spectral sensitivity of human visual perception of brightness.
In the study of color vision, a MacAdam ellipse is a region on a chromaticity diagram which contains all colors which are indistinguishable, to the average human eye, from the color at the center of the ellipse.
In colorimetry, metamerism is a perceived matching of the colors with different (nonmatching) spectral power distributions.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences is a fortnightly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Royal Society.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
A set of primary colors is, most tangibly, a set of real colorants or colored lights that can be combined in varying amounts to produce a gamut of colors.
In mathematics, a projective plane is a geometric structure that extends the concept of a plane.
In radiometry, radiance is the radiant flux emitted, reflected, transmitted or received by a given surface, per unit solid angle per unit projected area.
Reflectance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in reflecting radiant energy.
A RGB color space is any additive color space based on the RGB color model.
Rod cells are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that can function in less intense light than the other type of visual photoreceptor, cone cells.
The Society of Dyers and Colourists (SDC) is an international professional society, with headquarters in Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK, specializing in colour in all its manifestations.
In radiometry, photometry and color science, a spectral power distribution (SPD) measurement describes the power per unit area per unit wavelength of an illumination (radiant exitance).
Spectral sensitivity is the relative efficiency of detection, of light or other signal, as a function of the frequency or wavelength of the signal.
sRGB (standard Red Green Blue) is an RGB color space that HP and Microsoft created cooperatively in 1996 to use on monitors, printers, and the Internet.
A standard illuminant is a theoretical source of visible light with a profile (its spectral power distribution) which is published.
In physiology, a stimulus (plural stimuli) is a detectable change in the internal or external environment.
Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).
Transmittance of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in transmitting radiant energy.
Trichromacy or trichromatism is the possessing of three independent channels for conveying color information, derived from the three different types of cone cells in the eye.
The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.
In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.
A white point (often referred to as reference white or target white in technical documents) is a set of tristimulus values or chromaticity coordinates that serve to define the color "white" in image capture, encoding, or reproduction.
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