78 relations: Ariane 5, Ariane 6, Arianespace, Évry, Essonne, Île-de-France, Bérénice (rocket), CALIPSO, Cassini–Huygens, Centre interarmées d'essais d'engins spéciaux, Charles de Gaulle, Copernicus Programme, CoRoT, Diamant, E-CORCE, Earth observation satellite, English language, Envisat, European Space Agency, French Algeria, French Armed Forces, French Guiana, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French space program, Galileo (satellite navigation), GEIPAN, Gendarmerie, Geosynchronous orbit, Germany, Global Positioning System, Global warming, GLONASS, Ground station, Guiana Space Centre, Hammaguir, Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory, Hélios 1B, Helios 2 (satellite), Indian Space Research Organisation, Institute of Space, its Applications and Technologies, INTEGRAL, International Cospas-Sarsat Programme, International Space Station, Issus Aussaguel, Jean-Yves Le Gall, Kerguelen Islands, Kiruna, Kourou, Liquid oxygen, List of government space agencies, Living Planet Programme, ..., Mars Express, Maurice Vaïsse, Megha-Tropiques, Methane, Micro-g environment, Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, Ministry of the Armed Forces (France), NASA, Oceanography, Parasol (satellite), Paris, Pleiades (satellite), President of France, Prisma (satellite project), Reusable launch system, Rosetta (spacecraft), Satellite, Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity, Soyuz-2, Space launch market competition, SPOT (satellite), Timeline of artificial satellites and space probes, Toulouse, Toulouse Space Center, Vega (rocket), Venus Express, Water cycle, XMM-Newton. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
Ariane 6 is a launch vehicle under development by the European Space Agency (ESA), with a first test flight scheduled for 2020.
Arianespace SA is a multinational company founded in 1980 as the world's first commercial launch service provider.
Évry is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France, prefecture of the department of Essonne.
Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.
Berenice was the designation of a four-stage French experimental rocket, developed by O.N.E.R.A. (Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches AérospatialesOffice National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales).
CALIPSO is a joint NASA (USA) and CNES (France) environmental satellite, built in the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center, which was launched atop a Delta II rocket on April 28, 2006.
The Cassini–Huygens mission, commonly called Cassini, was a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to send a probe to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its rings and natural satellites.
The Interarmy Special Vehicles Test Centre (CIEES) (French: Centre Interarmées d'Essais d'Engins Spéciaux) was France's first space launch and ballistic missile testing facility.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Copernicus is the world's largest single earth observation programme and is directed by the European Commission in partnership with the European Space Agency (ESA).
CoRoT (French: Convection, Rotation et Transits planétaires; English: Convection, Rotation and planetary Transits) was a space observatory mission which operated from 2006 to 2013.
The Diamant rocket (Diamant is French for "diamond") was the first exclusively French expendable launch system and at the same time the first satellite launcher not built by either the United States or USSR.
E-Corce was a planned remote sensing satellite constellation of CNES, slated for launch in 2014.
Earth observation satellites are satellites specifically designed for Earth observation from orbit, similar to spy satellites but intended for non-military uses such as environmental monitoring, meteorology, map making etc.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Envisat ("Environmental Satellite") is a large inactive Earth-observing satellite which is still in orbit.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
French Algeria (Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards; unofficially Algérie française, االجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.
The French Armed Forces (Forces armées françaises) encompass the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the National Guard and the Gendarmerie of the French Republic.
French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.
The French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, TAAF) is an overseas territory (Territoire d'outre-mer or TOM) of France.
The French space program includes both civil and military spaceflight activities.
Galileo is the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that is being created by the European Union (EU) through the European Space Agency (ESA), headquartered in Prague in the Czech Republic, with two ground operations centres, Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in Germany and Fucino in Italy.
GEIPAN (sept. 2005-), formerly known as GEPAN (1977-1988) and SEPRA (1988-2004), is a unit of the French Space Agency CNES whose brief is to investigate unidentified aerospace phenomena (UAP) and make its findings available to the public.
Wrong info! --> A gendarmerie or gendarmery is a military component with jurisdiction in civil law enforcement.
A geosynchronous orbit (sometimes abbreviated GSO) is an orbit around Earth of a satellite with an orbital period that matches Earth's rotation on its axis, which takes one sidereal day (23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4 seconds).
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
GLONASS (ГЛОНАСС,; Глобальная навигационная спутниковая система; transliteration), or "Global Navigation Satellite System", is a space-based satellite navigation system operating in the radionavigation-satellite service.
A ground station, earth station, or earth terminal is a terrestrial radio station designed for extraplanetary telecommunication with spacecraft (constituting part of the ground segment of the spacecraft system), or reception of radio waves from astronomical radio sources.
The Guiana Space Centre or, more commonly, Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) is a French and European spaceport to the northwest of Kourou in French Guiana.
Hammaguir (also written Hamaguir and Hammaguira) (حماقير.) is a village in Abadla District, Béchar Province, Algeria, south-west of Béchar.
The Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO) is a radio astronomy observatory, located in a natural bowl of hills at Hartebeesthoek just south of the Magaliesberg mountain range, Gauteng, South Africa, about 50 km west of Johannesburg.
The Hélios 1B was a French military photo-reconnaissance satellite in which Italy and Spain also participated.
The Helios 2 system includes Helios 2A and Helios 2B, both of which are European military observation satellites used by France, Belgium, Spain and Greece.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bangalore.
The Institut au service du spatial, de ses applications et technologies (ISSAT) (in English Institute of Space, its Applications and Technologies), is a French association supported by French Ministry of Education, created in 1995 in order to develop the aerospace activities in Toulouse and to help developing the knowledge of aerospace in France and Europe.
INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL) is a currently operational space telescope for observing gamma rays.
The International Cospas-Sarsat Programme is a treaty-based, nonprofit, intergovernmental, humanitarian cooperative of 44 nations and agencies (see box on right) dedicated to detecting and locating radio beacons activated by persons, aircraft or vessels in distress, and forwarding this alert information to authorities that can take action for rescue.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
Issus-Aussaguel Station is a radio antenna station for communication with spacecraft operated by the Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES).
Jean-Yves Le Gall (born 30 April 1959) is an engineering graduate from the École supérieure d'optique (1981) and holds a doctorate in engineering from the University of Paris-Sud (1983).
The Kerguelen Islands (or; in French commonly Îles Kerguelen but officially Archipel des Kerguelen), also known as the Desolation Islands (Îles de la Désolation in French), are a group of islands in the southern Indian Ocean constituting one of the two exposed parts of the mostly submerged Kerguelen Plateau.
Kiruna (Northern Sami: Giron, Finnish: Kiiruna) is the northernmost town in Sweden, situated in the province of Lapland.
Kourou is a commune in French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.
The Living Planet Programme (LPP) is a programme within the European Space Agency which is managed by the Earth Observation Programmes Directorate.
Mars Express is a space exploration mission being conducted by the European Space Agency (ESA).
Maurice Vaïsse (born 7 May 1942 in Algiers, École doctorale de Sciences Po) is a French historian specialised in international relations and Defence.
Megha-Tropiques is a satellite mission to study the water cycle in the tropical atmosphere in the context of climate change A collaborative effort between Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and French Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), Megha-Tropiques was successfully deployed into orbit by a PSLV rocket in October 2011.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
The term micro-g environment (also µg, often referred to by the term microgravity) is more or less a synonym for weightlessness and zero-g, but indicates that g-forces are not quite zero—just very small.
The Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation, MESRI) is a ministry (government department) of France overseeing university-level education and research.
The Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministère des Armées) is the French department in charge of managing the French Armed Forces inside and outside French soil.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Oceanography (compound of the Greek words ὠκεανός meaning "ocean" and γράφω meaning "write"), also known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean.
PARASOL (Polarization & Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Sciences coupled with Observations from a Lidar) is a French-built Earth observing research satellite.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Pléiades constellation is composed of two very-high-resolution optical Earth-imaging satellites.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
Prisma is a satellite project led by the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC) which consist of two satellites that fly in formation.
A reusable launch system (RLS, or reusable launch vehicle, RLV) is a space launch system intended to allow for recovery of all or part of the system for later reuse.
Rosetta was a space probe built by the European Space Agency launched on 2 March 2004.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity, or SMOS, is a satellite which forms part of ESA's Living Planet Programme.
Soyuz-2, GRAU index 14A14, is the collective designation for the new version of the Russian Soyuz rocket.
The space launch services business began in the 1950s with national programs.
SPOT (Satellite Pour l’Observation de la Terre, lit. "Satellite for observation of Earth") is a commercial high-resolution optical imaging Earth observation satellite system operating from space.
This timeline of artificial satellites and space probes includes unmanned spacecraft including technology demonstrators, observatories, lunar probes, and interplanetary probes.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
The Toulouse Space Centre is a center for research and development relating to space travel.
Vega (Vettore Europeo di Generazione Avanzata, meaning "Advanced generation European carrier rocket"), is an expendable launch system in use by Arianespace jointly developed by the Italian Space Agency and the European Space Agency.
Venus Express (VEX) was the first Venus exploration mission of the European Space Agency (ESA).
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the hydrologic cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth.
XMM-Newton, also known as the High Throughput X-ray Spectroscopy Mission and the X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission, is an X-ray space observatory launched by the European Space Agency in December 1999 on an Ariane 5 rocket.
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), Centre National d'Études Spatiales, Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES), Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Centre national d'études spatiales, French National Space Agency, French Space Agency, National Center for Space Studies (France), National Centre of Space Studies of France.