96 relations: Amiga, Android (operating system), AROS Research Operating System, AtheOS, BeOS, Berkeley Software Distribution, BlackBerry 10, C (programming language), C Sharp (programming language), CentOS, Common Language Infrastructure, Computer multitasking, Darwin (operating system), Debian, DJGPP, DOS, Foreign function interface, FreeBSD, GameCube, Global interpreter lock, Google, GP2X, Greg Stein, History of Python, HP-UX, IBM AIX, IBM System i, Illumos, Interpreter (computing), IOS, IPodLinux, IRIX, IronPython, Java (programming language), Java virtual machine, Just-in-time compilation, Jython, Kodi (software), Language binding, Linux, LLVM, Lock (computer science), Mac OS 9, MacOS, MINIX, Monty Python, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, NetBSD, Nintendo DS, Nokia 770 Internet Tablet, ..., Nokia N800, Nokia N810, Nokia N900, O'Reilly Media, OpenBSD, Openmoko, OpenVMS, OS/2, OS/390, Overhead (computing), Palm OS, Patch (computing), Plan 9 from Bell Labs, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, Pocket PC, Process (computing), Psion (company), PyPy, Python (programming language), Python for S60, Python Software Foundation, Python Software Foundation License, QNX, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Reference implementation, RISC OS, S60 (software platform), Sharp Zaurus, Solaris (operating system), SUSE Linux Enterprise, Swallow, Symbian, Tru64 UNIX, Ubuntu (operating system), Virtual machine, VxWorks, Windows 2000, Windows 3.x, Windows 9x, Windows Embedded Compact, Windows NT 4.0, Windows XP, Xbox (console), Z/OS. Expand index (46 more) » « Shrink index
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
AROS Research Operating System (AROS pronounced "AR-OS") is a free and open source multi media centric implementation of the AmigaOS 3.1 APIs.
AtheOS is a discontinued free and open source operating system for x86-based computers.
BeOS is an operating system for personal computers first developed by Be Inc. in 1991.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
BlackBerry 10 is a proprietary mobile operating system for the BlackBerry line of smartphones, both developed by BlackBerry Limited (formerly Research In Motion).
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C# (/si: ʃɑːrp/) is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines.
CentOS (from Community Enterprise Operating System) is a Linux distribution that provides a free, enterprise-class, community-supported computing platform functionally compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).
The Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) is an open specification (technical standard) developed by Microsoft and standardized by ISO and ECMA that describes executable code and a runtime environment that allows multiple high-level languages to be used on different computer platforms without being rewritten for specific architectures.
In computing, multitasking is the concurrent execution of multiple tasks (also known as processes) over a certain period of time.
Darwin is an open-source Unix operating system first released by Apple Inc. in 2000.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
DJ's GNU Programming Platform (DJGPP) is a software development suite for Intel 80386-level and above, IBM PC compatibles which supports DOS operating systems.
DOS is a family of disk operating systems.
A foreign function interface (FFI) is a mechanism by which a program written in one programming language can call routines or make use of services written in another.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
The GameCube is a home video game console released by Nintendo in Japan and North America in 2001 and Europe and Australia in 2002.
A global interpreter lock (GIL) is a mechanism used in computer-language interpreters to synchronize the execution of threads so that only one native thread can execute at a time.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
The GP2X is a Linux-based handheld video game console and portable media player developed by South Korean company GamePark Holdings.
Greg Stein (born March 16, 1967 in Portland, Oregon), living in Austin, Texas, United States, is a programmer, speaker, sometime standards architect, and open-source software advocate, appearing frequently at conferences and in interviews on the topic of open-source software development and use.
The programming language Python was conceived in the late 1980s, and its implementation was started in December 1989 by Guido van Rossum at CWI in the Netherlands as a successor to ABC capable of exception handling and interfacing with the Amoeba operating system.
HP-UX (from "Hewlett Packard Unix") is Hewlett Packard Enterprise's proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on UNIX System V (initially System III) and first released in 1984.
AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive, pronounced) is a series of proprietary Unix operating systems developed and sold by IBM for several of its computer platforms.
The IBM System i is IBM's previous generation of midrange computer systems for IBM i users, and was subsequently replaced by the IBM Power Systems in April 2008.
illumos is a free and open-source Unix operating system.
In computer science, an interpreter is a computer program that directly executes, i.e. performs, instructions written in a programming or scripting language, without requiring them previously to have been compiled into a machine language program.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
iPodLinux is a µClinux-based Linux distribution designed specifically to run on Apple Inc.'s iPod.
IRIX is a discontinued operating system developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) to run on their MIPS workstations and servers.
IronPython is an implementation of the Python programming language targeting the.NET Framework and Mono.
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
A Java virtual machine (JVM) is a virtual machine that enables a computer to run Java programs as well as programs written in other languages and compiled to Java bytecode.
In computing, just-in-time (JIT) compilation, (also dynamic translation or run-time compilation), is a way of executing computer code that involves compilation during execution of a program – at run time – rather than prior to execution.
Jython is an implementation of the Python programming language designed to run on the Java platform.
Kodi (formerly XBMC) is a free and open-source media player software application developed by the XBMC Foundation, a non-profit technology consortium.
In computing, a binding from a programming language to a library or operating system service is an application programming interface (API) providing glue code to use that library or service in a given programming language.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The LLVM compiler infrastructure project is a "collection of modular and reusable compiler and toolchain technologies" used to develop compiler front ends and back ends.
In computer science, a lock or mutex (from mutual exclusion) is a synchronization mechanism for enforcing limits on access to a resource in an environment where there are many threads of execution.
Mac OS 9 is the ninth and final major release of Apple's classic Mac OS operating system.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
MINIX (from "mini-Unix") is a POSIX-compliant (since version 2.0), Unix-like operating system based on a microkernel architecture.
Monty Python (also collectively known as The Pythons) were a British surreal comedy group who created their sketch comedy show Monty Python's Flying Circus, which first aired on the BBC in 1969.
Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 British slapstick comedy film concerning the Arthurian legend, written and performed by the Monty Python comedy group of Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Michael Palin, and directed by Gilliam and Jones.
NetBSD is a free and open source Unix-like operating system that descends from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
The Nintendo DS, or simply DS, is a dual-screen handheld game console developed and released by Nintendo.
The Nokia 770 Internet Tablet is a wireless Internet appliance from Nokia, originally announced at the LinuxWorld Summit in New York City on 25 May 2005.
The Nokia N800 Internet tablet is a wireless Internet appliance from Nokia, originally announced at the Las Vegas CES 2007 Summit in January 2007.
The Nokia N810 Internet tablet is an Internet appliance from Nokia, announced on 17 October 2007 at the Web 2.0 Summit in San Francisco.
O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
OpenBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
Openmoko was a project to create a family of open source mobile phones, including the hardware specification, the operating system (Openmoko Linux), and actual smartphone development implementation like the Neo 1973 and Neo FreeRunner.
OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
OS/390 is an IBM operating system for the System/390 IBM mainframe computers.
In computer science, overhead is any combination of excess or indirect computation time, memory, bandwidth, or other resources that are required to perform a specific task.
Palm OS (also known as Garnet OS) is a discontinued mobile operating system initially developed by Palm, Inc., for personal digital assistants (PDAs) in 1996.
A patch is a set of changes to a computer program or its supporting data designed to update, fix, or improve it.
Plan 9 from Bell Labs is a distributed operating system, originating in the Computing Sciences Research Center (CSRC) at Bell Labs in the mid-1980s, and building on UNIX concepts first developed there in the late 1960s; until the Labs' final release at the start of 2015.
The PlayStation 2 (PS2) is a home video game console that was developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
The PlayStation Portable (PSP) is a handheld game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
A Pocket PC (P/PC, PPC), also known by Microsoft as a 'Windows Mobile Classic device', is a kind of personal digital assistant (PDA) that runs the Windows Mobile operating system.
In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.
Psion was a designer and manufacturer of mobile handheld computers for commercial and industrial applications.
PyPy is an alternative implementation of the Python programming language which often runs faster than the standard implementation of Python, CPython.
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
The Python for S60 also called PyS60 (Unix name), was Nokia’s port of the general Python programming language to its S60 software platform, originally based on Python 2.2.2 from 2002.
The Python Software Foundation (PSF) is a nonprofit organization devoted to the Python programming language, launched on March 6, 2001.
The Python Software Foundation License (PSFL) is a BSD-style, permissive free software license which is compatible with the GNU General Public License (GPL).
QNX is a commercial Unix-like real-time operating system, aimed primarily at the embedded systems market.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux distribution developed by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market.
In the software development process, a reference implementation (or, less frequently, sample implementation or model implementation) is the standard from which all other implementations and corresponding customizations are derived.
RISC OS is a computer operating system originally designed by Acorn Computers Ltd in Cambridge, England.
The S60 Platform (formerly Series 60 User Interface) was a software platform for smartphones that runs on the Symbian operating system.
The Sharp Zaurus is the name of a series of personal digital assistants (PDAs) made by Sharp Corporation.
Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux-based operating system developed by SUSE.
The swallows and martins, or Hirundinidae, are a family of passerine birds found around the world on all continents except Antarctica.
Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones.
Tru64 UNIX is a discontinued 64-bit UNIX operating system for the Alpha instruction set architecture (ISA), currently owned by Hewlett-Packard (HP).
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
In computing, a virtual machine (VM) is an emulation of a computer system.
VxWorks is a real-time operating system (RTOS) developed as proprietary software by Wind River Systems, an Intel subsidiary of Alameda, California, US.
Windows 2000 (codenamed NT 5.0) is an operating system for use on both client and server computers.
Windows 3.x means either of, or all of the following versions of Microsoft Windows.
Windows 9x is a generic term referring to a series of Microsoft Windows computer operating systems produced from 1995 to 2000, which were based on the Windows 95 kernel and its underlying foundation of MS-DOS, both of which were updated in subsequent versions.
Windows Embedded Compact, formerly Windows Embedded CE and Windows CE, is an operating system subfamily developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows Embedded family of products.* Unlike Windows Embedded Standard, which is based on Windows NT, Windows Embedded Compact uses a different hybrid kernel.
Windows NT 4.0 is an operating system that is part of Microsoft's Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
The Xbox is a home video game console and the first installment in the Xbox series of consoles manufactured by Microsoft.
z/OS is a 64-bit operating system for IBM mainframes, produced by IBM.