146 relations: Academi, Adamsite, Aerosol, Al Jazeera, Al-Wasat (Bahraini newspaper), Amnesty International, Andersonstown, Antonio Trillanes, Associated Press, Asylum seeker, Australia, Baghdad, Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry, Bahraini uprising of 2011, Balkans, Battle of the Bogside, BBC News, Belfast, Bersih, Bogside, Branch Davidians, British Armed Forces, British Army, Bromoacetone, Calais, Canada, CBRN defense, Chemical synthesis, Chemical Weapons Convention, Clastogen, CR gas, CS gas (data page), Cyanocarbon, Cyprus, Darwin, Northern Territory, Demonstration (protest), Derry, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, Dichloromethane, Don Dale, Dorset, Excited delirium, Falls Curfew, Falls Road, Belfast, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Reserve Unit, Financial Times, Firearms policy in the United Kingdom, France, Free Trade Area of the Americas, ..., Gas, Gas mask, Genoa, Green Zone, Grenade, Hong Kong Police Force, Hutu, Ilford, Independent Commission Against Corruption (Hong Kong), INQUEST, Insurgency, Iraq War, Israel, Israel Police, Israeli West Bank barrier, John Danforth, Knoevenagel condensation, Law enforcement in the United Kingdom, Law enforcement in the United States, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, List of parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, Liverpool, London, Lusaka, Malaysia, Malononitrile, Mask, Mercury (element), Methyl isobutyl ketone, Microwave, Middlebury College, Mind (charity), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Nausea, Nerve agent, Nitrogen, Non-lethal weapon, Northern Ireland, Oldham, Palestinian territories, Palestinians, Particulates, PAVA spray, PBS, People's Park (Berkeley), Pepper spray, Phenacyl chloride, Piperidine, Pittsburgh, Police, Police Tactical Unit (Hong Kong), Police uniforms and equipment in the United Kingdom, Porton Down, Prostration, Pyridine, Quebec City, Reading, Berkshire, Refugee, Reuters, Riot control, Rwanda, Salman Pak, Sensitization, Seoul, Serbia, Silicon, Solvent, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tahrir Square, Tear gas, The Austin Chronicle, The Gambia, The Guardian, The Malaysian Insider, The New York Times, Toxteth, Tutsi, United Nations, United States Armed Forces, United States Army Basic Training, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command, United States Marine Corps, United States Marine Corps Recruit Training, United States Office of Special Counsel, Units for the Reinstatement of Order, Viet Cong, Vietnam War, Volatility (chemistry), Waco siege, Wiltshire, 2009 G20 Pittsburgh summit, 2011 England riots, 2014 Hong Kong protests, 3rd Summit of the Americas. Expand index (96 more) » « Shrink index
Academi is an American private military company founded in 1997 by former Navy SEAL officer Erik Prince as Blackwater, renamed as Xe Services in 2009 and now known as Academi since 2011 after the company was acquired by a group of private investors.
Adamsite or DM is an organic compound; technically, an arsenical diphenylaminechlorarsine, that can be used as a riot control agent.
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.
Al-Wasat, also "Alwasat", is an Arabic-language daily newspaper in Manama, Bahrain.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Andersonstown is a suburb in west Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Antonio Fuentes Trillanes IV (born August 6, 1971) is a retired Navy officer currently serving as a senator of the Philippines.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
An asylum seeker (also rarely called an asylee) is a person who flees his or her home country, 'spontaneously' enters another country and applies for asylum, i.e. the right to international protection, in this other country.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI), also known locally in Bahrain as the Bassiouni Commission, was established by the King of Bahrain on 29 June 2011Bahrain News Agency,, 'International Reaction 'Bahrain News Agency, 29 June 2011 tasked with looking into the incidents that occurred during the period of unrest in Bahrain in February and March 2011 and the consequences of these events.
The Bahraini uprising of 2011 was a series of anti-government protests in Bahrain led by the Shia-dominant Bahraini Opposition from 2011 until 2014.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
The Battle of the Bogside was a very large communal riot that took place from 12 to 14 August 1969 in Derry, Northern Ireland.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
The Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Gabungan Pilihanraya Bersih dan Adil) or Bersih (meaning clean in Malay) is a coalition of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) which seeks to reform the current electoral system in Malaysia to ensure free, clean and fair elections.
The Bogside is a neighbourhood outside the city walls of Derry, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
The Branch Davidians (also known as The Branch) are a religious group that originated in 1955 from a schism among the Shepherd's Rod/Davidians.
The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Bromoacetone is an organic compound with the formula 3CCH2.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defense (CBRN defense or CBRNE defense) is protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is an arms control treaty that outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors.
A clastogen is a mutagenic agent giving rise to or inducing disruption or breakages of chromosomes, leading to sections of the chromosome being deleted, added, or rearranged.
CR gas or dibenzoxazepine (also referred to as DBO), or its chemical name dibenzoxazepine, is an incapacitating agent and a lachrymatory agent.
Data on CS gas.
Cyanocarbons are a group of chemical compounds that contain several cyanide functional groups.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
Darwin is the capital city of the Northern Territory of Australia.
A demonstration or street protest is action by a mass group or collection of groups of people in favor of a political or other cause; it normally consists of walking in a mass march formation and either beginning with or meeting at a designated endpoint, or rally, to hear speakers.
Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland.
Deutsche Presse-Agentur GmbH (DPA; German Press Agency) is a German news agency founded in 1949.
Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.
Donald Francis "Don" Dale (8 December 1944 – 13 February 1990) was an Australian politician.
Dorset (archaically: Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast.
Excited delirium, also known as agitated delirium, is a condition that presents with psychomotor agitation, delirium, and sweating.
The Falls Curfew, also called the Battle of the Falls (or Lower Falls), was a British Army operation during 3–5 July 1970 in the Falls district of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
The Falls Road is the main road through west Belfast, Northern Ireland, running from Divis Street in Belfast city centre to Andersonstown in the suburbs.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.
The Federal Reserve Unit (Pasukan Simpanan Persekutuan; PSP), or better known by the abbreviation as FRU was established as a riot control force and a special response team as well as a paramilitary that can be deployed at any time to engage in any emergency or public unrest in Malaysia.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
In the United Kingdom, access by the general public to firearms is tightly controlled by law which is much more restrictive than the minimum rules required by the European Firearms Directive, but it is less restrictive in Northern Ireland.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA; Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas, ALCA; Zone de libre-échange des Amériques, ZLÉA; Área de Livre Comércio das Américas, ALCA; Vrijhandelszone van Amerika) was a proposed agreement to eliminate or reduce the trade barriers among all countries in the Americas, excluding Cuba.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
The gas mask is a mask used to protect the user from inhaling airborne pollutants and toxic gases.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
The Green Zone (Arabic: المنطقة الخضراء, al-minṭaqah al-ḫaḍrā’) is the most common name for the International Zone of Baghdad.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong.
The Hutu, also known as the Abahutu, are a Bantu ethnic group native to African Great Lakes region of Africa, primarily area now under Burundi and Rwanda.
Ilford is a large town in east London, located east of Charing Cross.
The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC;; previously known as the before 1997) of Hong Kong was established by Governor Sir Murray MacLehose on 15 February 1974, when Hong Kong was under British rule.
INQUEST charitable trust, capitalised so as not to be confused with the legal process, is a charity concerned with state related deaths in England and Wales.
An insurgency is a rebellion against authority (for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations) when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents (lawful combatants).
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The Israel Police (Mišteret Yisra'el; Shurtat Isrāʼīl) is the civilian police force of Israel.
The Israeli West Bank barrier or wall (for further names see here) is a separation barrier in the West Bank or along the Green Line.
John Claggett Danforth (born September 5, 1936) is a retired American politician who began his career in 1968 as the Attorney General of Missouri and served three terms as United States Senator from Missouri.
The Knoevenagel condensation reaction is an organic reaction named after Emil Knoevenagel.
Law enforcement in the United Kingdom is organised separately in each of the legal systems of the United Kingdom: England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.
Law enforcement in the United States is one of three major components of the criminal justice system of the United States, along with courts and corrections.
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (translit, translit, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) was a Tamil militant organization that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka.
The parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention encompasses the states that have ratified or acceded to the Chemical Weapons Convention, a multilateral treaty outlawing the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Malononitrile, also propanedinitrile or malonodinitrile, is a nitrile with the formula CH2(CN)2.
A mask is an object normally worn on the face, typically for protection, disguise, performance, or entertainment.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2C(O)CH3.
Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from one meter to one millimeter; with frequencies between and.
Middlebury College is a private liberal arts college located in Middlebury, Vermont, United States.
Mind is a mental health charity in England and Wales.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.
Nerve agents, sometimes also called nerve gases, are a class of organic chemicals that disrupt the mechanisms by which nerves transfer messages to organs.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Non-lethal weapons, also called less-lethal weapons, less-than-lethal weapons, non-deadly weapons, compliance weapons, or pain-inducing weapons are weapons intended to be less likely to kill a living target than conventional weapons such as knives and firearms.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Oldham is a town in Greater Manchester, England, amid the Pennines and between the rivers Irk and Medlock, southeast of Rochdale and northeast of Manchester.
Palestinian territories and occupied Palestinian territories (OPT or oPt) are terms often used to describe the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, which are occupied or otherwise under the control of Israel.
The Palestinian people (الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha‘b al-Filasṭīnī), also referred to as Palestinians (الفلسطينيون, al-Filasṭīniyyūn, פָלַסְטִינִים) or Palestinian Arabs (العربي الفلسطيني, al-'arabi il-filastini), are an ethnonational group comprising the modern descendants of the peoples who have lived in Palestine over the centuries, including Jews and Samaritans, and who today are largely culturally and linguistically Arab.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
PAVA spray is an incapacitant spray similar to pepper spray.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
People's Park in Berkeley, California is a park located off Telegraph Avenue, bounded by Haste and Bowditch streets and Dwight Way, near the University of California, Berkeley.
Pepper spray (also known as capsicum spray) is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and temporary blindness) used in policing, riot control, crowd control, and self-defense, including defense against dogs and bears.
Phenacyl chloride, also commonly known as chloroacetophenone, is a substituted acetophenone.
Piperidine is an organic compound with the molecular formula (CH2)5NH.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
The Police Tactical Unit (Abbreviation: PTU) is a unit within the Hong Kong Police Force which provides an immediate manpower reserve for use in large-scale emergencies.
Police uniforms and equipment in the United Kingdom have varied considerably from the inception of what was to become the earliest recognisable mainstream police force in the country with the Glasgow Police Act 1800 forming the City of Glasgow Police and then the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829, allowing the formation of the Metropolitan Police.
Porton Down is a United Kingdom science park, situated just northeast of the village of Porton near Salisbury, in Wiltshire, England.
Prostration is the placement of the body in a reverentially or submissively prone position as a gesture.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
Quebec City (pronounced or; Québec); Ville de Québec), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec. The city had a population estimate of 531,902 in July 2016, (an increase of 3.0% from 2011) and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 in July 2016, (an increase of 4.3% from 2011) making it the second largest city in Quebec, after Montreal, and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in Canada. It is situated north-east of Montreal. The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows". Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'. The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline, and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.
Reading is a large, historically important minster town in Berkshire, England, of which it is the county town.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Riot control refers to the measures used by police, military, or other security forces to control, disperse, and arrest people who are involved in a riot, demonstration, or protest.
Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
Salman Pak (سلمان باك) is a city approximately 15 miles south of Baghdad near a peninsula formed by a broad eastward bend of the Tigris River.
Sensitization is a non-associative learning process in which repeated administration of a stimulus results in the progressive amplification of a response.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Tahrir Square (ميدان التحرير,, English: Liberation Square), also known as "Martyr Square", is a major public town square in Downtown Cairo, Egypt.
Tear gas, formally known as a lachrymator agent or lachrymator (from the Latin lacrima, meaning "tear"), sometimes colloquially known as mace,"Mace" is a brand name for a tear gas spray is a chemical weapon that causes severe eye and respiratory pain, skin irritation, bleeding, and even blindness.
The Austin Chronicle is an alternative weekly newspaper published every Thursday in Austin, Texas, United States.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Malaysian Insider (also known as TMI, The Insider, or Malay Ins Ins) was a popular Malaysian bilingual news site.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Toxteth is an inner city area of Liverpool, England.
The Tutsi, or Abatutsi, are a social class or ethnic group of the African Great Lakes region.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
United States Army Basic Training (also known as Initial Entry Training, IET) is the recruit training program of physical and mental preparation for service in the United States Army, United States Army Reserve or Army National Guard.
Established 1 July 1973, the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) is a command of the United States Army headquartered at Fort Eustis, Virginia.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
United States Marine Corps Recruit Training (commonly known as "boot camp") is a 13-week program of initial training that each recruit must successfully complete in order to serve in the United States Marine Corps.
The United States Office of Special Counsel (OSC) is a permanent independent federal investigative and prosecutorial agency whose basic legislative authority comes from four federal statutes: the Civil Service Reform Act, the Whistleblower Protection Act, the Hatch Act, and the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA).
The Units for the Reinstatement of Order (Μονάδες Αποκατάστασης Τάξης, Monades Apokatastasis Taksis, MAT) are a special division of the Hellenic Police, whose primary and most famous role is that of riot control.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam) also known as the Việt Cộng was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
In chemistry and physics, volatility is quantified by the tendency of a substance to vaporize.
The Waco siege was the siege of a compound belonging to the Branch Davidians, carried out by American federal and Texas state law enforcement, as well as the U.S. military, between February 28 and April 19, 1993.
Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of.
The 2009 G20 Pittsburgh Summit was the third meeting of the G20 heads of state/heads of government to discuss financial markets and the world economy.
The 2011 England riots occurred between 6 and 11 August 2011, when thousands of people rioted in several London boroughs and in cities and towns across England.
A series of sit-in street protests, often called the Umbrella Revolution and sometimes used interchangeably with Umbrella Movement, occurred in Hong Kong from 26 September to 15 December 2014.
The 3rd Summit of the Americas was a summit held in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on April 20–22, 2001.
(o-chlorobenzal)malononitrile, (o-chlorobenzylidene), (o-chlorobenzylidene)malonitrile, (o-chlorobenzylidene)malononitrile, 2-(2-chlorobenzylidene)malononitrile, 2-2-chlorobenzylidene, 2-Chlorobenzalmalonitrile, 2-chloro BMN, 2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile, 2-chlorobenzylidenemaloninitrile, 2-chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile, B,b-dicyano-O-chlorostyrene, C.S. gas, CS Gas, CS aerosol, CS grenade, CS spray, Chemical compound CS, Cs gas, NCI-C55118, O-Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile, O-chlorobenzylidenemalonic nitrile, OCBM, Ortho-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile, USAF KF-11, Β,β-dicyano-o-chlorostyrene.