37 relations: ARPANET, Asynchronous transfer mode, ChorusOS, Cicada, Computer network, Datagram, Distance-vector routing protocol, Donald Davies, End-to-end principle, European Space Agency, File transfer, France, French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation, French language, History of the Internet, Host (network), Hubert Zimmermann, Internet Protocol, Local area network, Louis Pouzin, National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom), Network packet, NPL network, Operating system, OSI model, Packet switching, Postes, télégraphes et téléphones (France), Radiocommunication service, Reliable byte stream, Remote administration, Remote job entry, Routing protocol, Time-sharing, Transport layer, Unix, Virtual circuit, X.25.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is, according to the ATM Forum, "a telecommunications concept defined by ANSI and ITU (formerly CCITT) standards for carriage of a complete range of user traffic, including voice, data, and video signals".
ChorusOS is a microkernel real-time operating system designed as a message-based computational model.
The cicadas are a superfamily, the Cicadoidea, of insects in the order Hemiptera (true bugs).
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
A datagram is a basic transfer unit associated with a packet-switched network.
A distance-vector routing protocol in data networks determines the best route for data packets based on distance.
Donald Watts Davies, CBE, FRS (7 June 1924 – 28 May 2000) was a Welsh computer scientist who was employed at the UK National Physical Laboratory (NPL).
The end-to-end principle is a design framework in computer networking.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
File transfer is the transmission of a computer file through a communication channel from one computer system to another.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation (Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique) is a French national research institution focusing on computer science and applied mathematics.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the 1950s.
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network.
Hubert Zimmermann (1941 – November 9, 2012) was a French software engineer and a pioneer of computer networking.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
Louis Pouzin (born 1931 in Chantenay-Saint-Imbert, Nièvre, France) invented the datagram and designed an early packet communications network, CYCLADES.
The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is the national measurement standards laboratory for the United Kingdom, based at Bushy Park in Teddington, London, England.
A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.
The NPL Network or NPL Data Communications Network was a local area computer network operated by a team from the National Physical Laboratory in England that pioneered the concept of packet switching.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
The Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model) is a conceptual model that characterizes and standardizes the communication functions of a telecommunication or computing system without regard to its underlying internal structure and technology.
Packet switching is a method of grouping data which is transmitted over a digital network into packets which are made of a header and a payload.
Postes, télégraphes et téléphones (P&T, PTT, P et T) was the French administration of postal services and telecommunications, formed in 1921.
Radiocommunication service is according to Article 1.19 of the International Telecommunication Union´s (ITU)RR, defined as “a service…involving the transmission, emission and/or reception of radio waves for specific telecommunication purposes”.
A reliable byte stream is a common service paradigm in computer networking; it refers to a byte stream in which the bytes which emerge from the communication channel at the recipient are exactly the same, and in exactly the same order, as they were when the sender inserted them into the channel.
Remote administration refers to any method of controlling a computer from a remote location.
Remote job entry is the procedure for sending requests for data processing tasks or 'jobs' to mainframe computers from remote workstations, and by extension the process of receiving the output from such tasks at a remote workstation.
A routing protocol specifies how routers communicate with each other, distributing information that enables them to select routes between any two nodes on a computer network.
In computing, time-sharing is the sharing of a computing resource among many users by means of multiprogramming and multi-tasking at the same time.
In computer networking, the transport layer is a conceptual division of methods in the layered architecture of protocols in the network stack in the Internet Protocol Suite and the OSI model.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A virtual circuit (VC) is a means of transporting data over a packet switched computer network in such a way that it appears as though there is a dedicated physical layer link between the source and destination end systems of this data.
X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet switched wide area network (WAN) communication.