229 relations: A13 autoroute, A28 autoroute, A84 autoroute, Abbey, Abbey of Saint-Étienne, Caen, Abbey of Sainte-Trinité, Caen, Abbot, Agglomeration communities in France, Agrial, Agricultural cooperative, Agriculture, Air charter, Air France, Alexandria, Virginia, Algeria, Amusement park, Ancien Régime, André-Louis Danjon, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Arnaud Guillon, Association football, Astronomer, Autoroutes of France, École nationale supérieure d'ingénieurs de Caen, Étienne Mélingue, Baroque music, Battle for Caen, Battle of Bir Hakeim, Battle of Caen (1346), Battle of Crécy, Bayeux, Bernard Montgomery, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Bombardier Guided Light Transit, Bombardier Transportation, Botanical garden, Branch line, Brigitte Le Brethon, Brittany, Bus network, Bus Verts du Calvados, Cabourg, Caen – Carpiquet Airport, Caen Guided Light Transit, Caen stone, Calvados (department), Canal de Caen à la Mer, Canton of Caen-1, Canton of Caen-2, Canton of Caen-3, ..., Canton of Caen-4, Canton of Caen-5, Cantons of France, Cargo ship, Carpiquet, Chalair Aviation, Chant royal, Charles-Hippolyte Pouthas, Charlotte Corday, Château de Caen, Cherbourg-Octeville, Christophe Desjardins, Church of Saint-Étienne-le-Vieux, Church of Saint-Pierre, Caen, Cider apple, Colline aux Oiseaux, Communauté urbaine Caen la Mer, Communes of France, Communes of the Calvados department, Condé-sur-Noireau, Conflict resolution, Court (royal), Coventry, Daniel Auber, Deauville, Democratic Centre (France), Departments of France, Duchy of Normandy, Edward III of England, Elie Wiesel, Elliot Grandin, English Channel, EuroBasket 1983, Fable, Fine art, First French Empire, Flag carrier, Flers, Orne, Florent Chopin, Flybe, Food processing, François de Malherbe, François Henri Turpin, François le Métel de Boisrobert, France, Free France, French Resistance, French Revolution, Gabriel Dupont, Gare de Caen, Gare Saint-Lazare, Gaulish language, Gervais de La Rue, Gilles Peterson, Grandes écoles, Henry I of England, Henry II of England, Henry V of England, Henry VI of England, Hermanville-sur-Mer, Home port, Honfleur, HOP!, Houlgate, House of Normandy, Hundred Years' War, I Corps (United Kingdom), Invasion of Normandy, J. Hector St. John de Crèvecœur, Jacques Amand Eudes-Deslongchamps, Jacques Clinchamps de Malfilâtre, Jardin des plantes de Caen, Jean Bertaut, Jean Regnault de Segrais, Jean-Jacques Boisard, Jean-Marie Girault, Jean-Marie Louvel, Jean-Paul Marat, Joël Bruneau, Joël Thomas, John, King of England, Jules Danbé, King Arthur, Lanfranc, Layamon, Layamon's Brut, Le Havre, Le Mans, Les Arts Florissants (ensemble), Les arts florissants (opera), Library and Archives Canada, List of Marshals of France, London Southend Airport, Louis Gustave le Doulcet, comte de Pontécoulant, Lower Normandy, Lyon, Marc-Antoine Charpentier, Marie-Pierre Kœnig, Mathematician, Matilda of Flanders, Mémorial de Caen, Meat, Milk, Mondeville 2, Mondeville, Calvados, MS Vronskiy, Musical ensemble, MV Quiberon, Napoleon, Napoleon III, Nashville, Tennessee, Nobel Peace Prize, Norman conquest of England, Norman language, Norman Switzerland, Normandy landings, Oceanic climate, Operation Charnwood, Operation Overlord, Ordinance of Normandy, Orne (river), Ouistreham, Paleontology, Parc Festyland, Pays d'Auge, Périphérique (Caen), Pernik, Philip VI of France, Philippe Duron, Pierre Daniel Huet, Pierre Varignon, Pope, Popular Republican Movement, Port of Caen, Portsmouth, Poultry, Prefecture, Prefectures in France, Rally for the Republic, Regional council (France), René Auguste Constantin de Renneville, Rennes, Republican Party (France), Richard I of England, Robert Constantin, Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, Rouen, Route nationale 13, Saint Stephen, Saint-Lô, Sculpture, Seat of local government, Sir Kay, Sister city, Socialist Party (France), Stade Malherbe Caen, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, Tanneguy Le Fèvre, Théâtre de Caen, The Republicans (France), Thiès, Toll road, Tour de France, Trams in Caen, Transept, Trinity, Tunisia, Twisto, Union for a Popular Movement, Union for French Democracy, University of Caen Normandy, Vegetable, Venoix, Viaduct, Villons-les-Buissons, Vire, Würzburg, William Christie (musician), William the Conqueror. Expand index (179 more) » « Shrink index
Autoroute 13, or L'Autoroute de Normandie links Paris to Caen, Calvados.
Autoroute 28 is a French mainland motorway linking Abbeville in the Somme to Tours in Indre-et-Loire.
The A84 autoroute is a motorway in western France completed on 27 January 2003.
An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.
The Abbey of Saint-Étienne, also known as Abbaye aux Hommes ("Men's Abbey") by contrast with the Abbaye aux Dames ("Ladies' Abbey"), is a former Benedictine monastery in the French city of Caen, Normandy, dedicated to Saint Stephen.
The Abbey of Sainte-Trinité (the Holy Trinity), also known as Abbaye aux Dames, is a former monastery of women in Caen, Normandy, now home to the Regional Council of Lower Normandy.
Abbot, meaning father, is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various traditions, including Christianity.
An agglomeration community (communauté d'agglomération) is a government structure in France, created by the Chevènement Law of 1999.
Agrial is a French agricultural cooperative and food-processor with operations in dairy, beef, poultry, vegetables and fruit.
An agricultural cooperative, also known as a farmers' co-op, is a cooperative where farmers pool their resources in certain areas of activity.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Air charter is the business of renting an entire aircraft (i.e., chartering) as opposed to individual aircraft seats (i.e., purchasing a ticket through a traditional airline).
Air France (formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France.
Alexandria is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.
The Ancien Régime (French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility were abolished by the.
André-Louis Danjon (6 April 1890 – 21 April 1967) was a French astronomer born in Caen to Louis Dominique Danjon and Marie Justine Binet.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.
Arnaud Guillon (born 1964, Caen) is a contemporary French writer, the winner of the Prix Roger Nimier in 2000 for his novel Écume Palace and the Prix Henri de Régnier in 2015 for Tableau de chasse, une passion très coupable.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
The Autoroute, or highway, system in France consists largely of toll roads (76% of the total).
The École nationale supérieure d'ingénieurs de Caen & Centre de Recherche (ENSICAEN), which translates as National Graduate School of Engineering & Research Center, is one of the French "grandes écoles", whose main purpose is to form chemical, electronical, and Computer science engineers (with a level "bac+5").
Étienne Marin Mélingue (1808–1875) was a French actor and sculptor.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
The Battle for Caen (June to August 1944) is the name for the fighting between the British Second Army and German Panzergruppe West in the Second World War for control of the city of Caen and vicinity, during the Battle of Normandy.
The Battle of Bir Hakeim took place at Bir Hakeim, an oasis in the Libyan desert south and west of Tobruk, during the Battle of Gazala (26 May – 21 June 1942).
The Battle of Caen in 1346 was a running battle through the streets of the Norman city during the English invasion of Normandy under King Edward III in July of that year.
The Battle of Crécy (26 August 1346), also spelled Cressy, was an English victory during the Edwardian phase of the Hundred Years' War.
Bayeux is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy in northwestern France.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
The (BnF, English: National Library of France) is the national library of France, located in Paris.
Guided Light Transit (GLT, Transport sur Voie Réservée or TVR) is the name of guided bus technology and associated infrastructure designed and manufactured by Bombardier Transportation.
Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.
A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.
A branch line is a secondary railway line which branches off a more important through route, usually a main line.
Brigitte Le Brethon (born 8 March 1951) is a French politician, and a member of The Republicans.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
A bus network is a network topology in which nodes are directly connected to a common linear (or branched) half-duplex link called a bus.
Bus Verts du Calvados is a network of interurban buses in the département of Calvados, France.
Cabourg is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of France.
Caen – Carpiquet Airport (French: Aéroport de Caen - Carpiquet) is a civil airport located in Carpiquet, 6 km west of Caen, both communes of the Calvados département in the Normandy (formerly Lower Normandy) region of France.
The Caen guided light transit or Caen TVR, locally known as "the Tram", is an electrically powered guided bus system in Caen, France, which uses Bombardier Guided Light Transit (TVR in French) technology.
Caen stone (Pierre de Caen), is a light creamy-yellow Jurassic limestone quarried in north-western France near the city of Caen.
Calvados is a department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Canal de Caen à la Mer (Canal from Caen to the sea) also called the "Caen Canal") is a short canal in the department (préfecture) of Calvados, France, connecting the Port of Caen, in the city of Caen, downstream to the town of Ouistreham and the English Channel. Running from north north-east to south south-west, the canal runs parallel to the Orne River which feeds it, it is long, and comprises two locks. Digging began in 1837, and when it was opened on August 23, 1857 it was only deep. It was deepened in 1920. The canal began with the dock at St. Peter's Basin (Bassin Saint-Pierre), in the downtown area of Caen. The canal is made up of a group of quays and docks. The current depth is, and the width can reach in the dock of Calix). The quay at Blainville-sur-Orne measures more than. It acts as the fourth commercial French port for the importation of exotic wood, generally coming from the Gulf of Guinea. It also loads and unloads iron, fertilizer, coal, and construction material. The port exports cereals that are produced in the area and has a silo capacity of 33,000 tons. One of the two locks at the port of Ouistreham, at the mouth of the canal, can accommodate ships of more than length. Also at Blainville is a Renault Trucks manufacturing plant. The plant is across the canal from the town, to the southeast, between the canal and the Orne River. Just across the river from the plant is the community of Colombelles. The channel passes the side of the Château de Bénouville. The famous Pegasus Bridge (aka "Ham"), from D-Day, June 6, 1944, crossed the canal near the village of Bénouville. The canal was considered both tactically and strategically important during the opening phases of the Battle of Normandy, as it was located on the eastern flank of the Allied beachhead area. The bridge was replaced in 1994.
The canton of Caen-1 is an administrative division of the Calvados department, northwestern France.
The canton of Caen-2 is an administrative division of the Calvados department, northwestern France.
The canton of Caen-3 is an administrative division of the Calvados department, northwestern France.
The canton of Caen-4 is an administrative division of the Calvados department, northwestern France.
The canton of Caen-5 is an administrative division of the Calvados department, northwestern France.
The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's arrondissements and departments.
A cargo ship or freighter ship is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another.
Carpiquet is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Chalair Aviation is a French regional airline with its head office and base on the grounds of Caen – Carpiquet Airport in Carpiquet.
The Chant Royal is a poetic form that is a variation of the ballad form and consists of five eleven-line stanzas with a rhyme scheme a-b-a-b-c-c-d-d-e-d-E and a five-line envoi rhyming d-d-e-d-E or a seven-line envoi c-c-d-d-e-d-E. To add to the complexity, no rhyming word is used twiceJones, William Caswell.
Charles-Hippolyte Pouthas (19 July 1886 – 2 May 1974) was a 20th-century French historian specialist of political and religious history of contemporary France.
Marie-Anne Charlotte de Corday d'Armont (27 July 1768 – 17 July 1793), known as Charlotte Corday, was a figure of the French Revolution.
The Château de Caen is a castle in the Norman town of Caen in the Calvados département (Normandy).
Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.
Christophe Desjardins (born 24 April 1962) is a French contemporary violist.
The Church of Saint-Étienne-le-Vieux ("Old St. Stephen's") is a former Roman Catholic church, today partly ruined, located in the old city center of Caen, Calvados, France, not to be confused with the nearby Church of Saint-Étienne, the former church of the Abbaye aux Hommes.
The Church of Saint-Pierre (Église Saint-Pierre) is a Roman Catholic church located on the Place Saint Pierre in the center of Caen in Normandy, northern France.
Cider apples are a group of apple cultivars grown for their use in the production of cider (referred to as "hard cider" in the United States).
La Colline aux Oiseaux or "Bird Hill”, is a 17-hectare green area located in the northern part of Caen, in the immediate vicinity of the Memorial for Peace.
The communauté urbaine Caen la Mer is the communauté urbaine, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Caen.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
The following is a list of the 537 communes of the Calvados department of France.
Condé-sur-Noireau is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Conflict resolution is conceptualized as the methods and processes involved in facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and retribution.
A court is an extended royal household in a monarchy, including all those who regularly attend on a monarch, or another central figure.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Daniel François Esprit Auber (29 January 178212/13 May 1871) was a French composer.
Deauville is a commune in the Calvados département in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Democratic Centre (Centre Démocrate, CD) was a Christian-democratic and centrist political party in France.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
The Duchy of Normandy grew out of the 911 Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between King Charles III of West Francia and Rollo, leader of the Vikings.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Eliezer "Elie" Wiesel (’Ēlí‘ézer Vízēl; September 30, 1928 – July 2, 2016) was a Romanian-born American Jewish writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate, and Holocaust survivor.
Elliot Grandin (born 17 October 1987) is a French footballer, currently playing for Fréjus Saint-Raphaël.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
The 1983 FIBA European Championship, commonly called FIBA EuroBasket 1983, was the 23rd FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe.
Fable is a literary genre: a succinct fictional story, in prose or verse, that features animals, legendary creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that are anthropomorphized (given human qualities, such as the ability to speak human language) and that illustrates or leads to a particular moral lesson (a "moral"), which may at the end be added explicitly as a pithy maxim or saying.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given sovereign state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.
Flers is a commune in the Orne department in Normandy, France.
Florent Chopin (born 1958, Caen) is a French painter.
Flybe (pronounced) based in Exeter, England, is the largest independent regional airline in Europe.
Food processing is the transformation of cooked ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.
François de Malherbe (1555 – October 16, 1628) was a French poet, critic, and translator.
François-Henri Turpin (1709–1799) was a French man of letters.
François le Métel de Boisrobert (1 August 1592 – 30 March 1662) was a French poet, playwright, and courtier.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Gabriel Édouard Xavier Dupont (March 1, 1878 – August 1, 1914) was a French composer, known for his operas and chamber music.
Caen, Gare de l'Ouest or Gare Calvados, is the main and now only station serving the city of Caen.
The Gare Saint-Lazare (St Lazarus Station), officially Paris-Saint-Lazare, is one of the six large terminus railway stations of Paris.
Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Europe as late as the Roman Empire.
Gervais de La Rue (7 September 175124 September 1835), French historical investigator, once regarded as one of the chief authorities on Norman and Anglo-Norman literature.
Gilles Peterson (born 28 September 1964 in Caen, France) is a French-born English disc jockey and record label owner in England.
The Grandes Écoles (literally in French "Great Schools") of France are higher education establishments that are outside the main framework of the French public university system.
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Henry V (9 August 1386 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422.
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.
Hermanville-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
A vessel's home port is the port at which it is based, which may not be the same as its port of registry shown on its registration documents and lettered on the stern of the ship's hull.
Honfleur is a commune in the Calvados department in northwestern France.
Société HOP! is the brand name of the regional flights operated by subsidiaries of Air France.
Houlgate is a small tourist resort in northwestern France along the English Channel with a beach and a casino.
The House of Normandy is the usual designation for the family that were the Counts of Rouen, Dukes of Normandy and Kings of England which immediately followed the Norman conquest of England and lasted until the House of Plantagenet came to power in 1154.
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France.
I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
Michel Guillaume Jean de Crèvecœur (December 31, 1735 – November 12, 1813), naturalized in New York as John Hector St.
Jacques Amand Eudes-Deslongchamps (17 January 179417 January 1867) was a French naturalist and paleontologist.
Jacques Clinchamps de Malfilâtre (8 October 1732 – 6 March 1767) was a French poet.
The jardin des plantes de Caen (French for: 'Garden of the Plants of Caen'), also known as jardin botanique de Caen ('Botanical Garden of Caen') is a botanical garden and arboretum located at 5, place Blot, Caen, Calvados, Normandy, France.
Jean Bertaut (1552 – 8 June 1611), French poet, was born at Caen.
Jean Renaud de Segrais (22 August 1624, Caen – 25 March 1701) was a French poet and novelist born in Caen.
Jean-Jacques François Marius Boisard (Caen, 1743 – 1831) was a French fabulist.
Jean-Marie Girault (9 February 1926 – 1 May 2016) was a French politician and former mayor of Caen.
Jean-Marie Louvel (1 July 1900 – 13 June 1970) was a French engineer and politician.
Jean-Paul Marat (24 May 1743 – 13 July 1793) was a French political theorist, physician, and scientist who became best known for his role as a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution.
Joël Bruneau (born 7 September 1963) is a French politician, mayor of Caen since 2014.
Joël Fabrice Goho Bah Thomas (born 30 June 1987) is a French footballer of Ivorian descent who currently plays for Dutch Eerste Divisie side FC Eindhoven.
John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.
Jules Danbé (16 November 1840 – 30 October 1905) was a French violinist, composer and conductor, mainly of opera.
King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries.
Lanfranc (1005 1010 – 24 May 1089) was a celebrated Italian jurist who renounced his career to become a Benedictine monk at Bec in Normandy. He served successively as prior of Bec Abbey and abbot of St Stephen in Normandy and then as archbishop of Canterbury in England, following its Conquest by William the Conqueror. He is also variously known as (Lanfranco di Pavia), (Lanfranc du Bec), and (Lanfrancus Cantuariensis).
Layamon or Laghamon – spelled Laȝamon or Laȝamonn in his time, occasionally written Lawman – was a poet of the late 12th/early 13th century and author of the Brut, a notable work that was the first to present the legends of Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table in English poetry.
Layamon's Brut (ca. 1190 - 1215), also known as The Chronicle of Britain, is a Middle English poem compiled and recast by the English priest Layamon.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.
Les Arts Florissants is a Baroque musical ensemble in residence at the Théâtre de Caen in Caen, France.
Les arts florissants (H. 487) is a short chamber opera (also described by the composer as) in five scenes by Marc-Antoine Charpentier.
Library and Archives Canada (LAC) (in Bibliothèque et Archives Canada) is a federal institution tasked with acquiring, preserving and making Canada's documentary heritage accessible.
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
London Southend Airport is an international airport in the district of Rochford within Essex, England, approximately from the centre of London.
Louis Gustave le Doulcet, comte de Pontécoulant (17 November 1764 – 3 April 1853) was a French politician.
Lower Normandy (Basse-Normandie,; Basse-Normaundie) is a former administrative region of France.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1643 – 24 February 1704) was a French composer of the Baroque era.
Marie-Pierre Kœnig (10 October 1898 – 2 September 1970) was a French army officer and politician.
A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.
Matilda of Flanders (Mathilde; Machteld) (1031 – 2 November 1083) was Queen of England and Duchess of Normandy by marriage to William the Conqueror, and sometime Regent of these realms during his absence.
The Mémorial de Caen is a museum and war memorial in Caen, Normandy, France commemorating World War II and the Battle for Caen.
Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Mondeville 2 is a shopping centre in Caen, France, and the largest of the Lower Normandy region.
Mondeville is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy région in northwestern France.
MS Vronskiy (ex-Wisteria) is a passenger car ferry operated by Acciona Trasmediterránea and FerriMaroc between Algeciras and the Moroccan port of Tanger-Med.
A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name.
The M/V Quiberon was a ferry operated by Brittany Ferries between 1982 and 2002.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the seat of Davidson County.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
Norman Switzerland (Suisse Normande) is a part of Normandy, France, in the border region of the departments Calvados and Orne.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Operation Charnwood was an Anglo-Canadian offensive that took place from 8 to 9 July 1944, during the Battle for Caen, part of the larger Operation Overlord (code-name for the Battle of Normandy), in the Second World War.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
The Ordinance of Normandy is the name given to a paper authored by Philip VI of France on 23 March 1338.
The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.
Ouistreham is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandie region in northwestern France.
Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present).
Parc Festyland is a relatively small theme park situated within the Caen ringroad (A13/A84) in Lower Normandy, France.
The Pays d'Auge is an area in Normandy, straddling the départements of Calvados and Orne (plus a small part of the territory of Eure).
The Boulevard périphérique de Caen is a ring road circling the French city of Caen.
Pernik (Перник) is a city in western Bulgaria (about south-west of Sofia) with a population of 80,191.
Philip VI (Philippe VI) (1293 – 22 August 1350), called the Fortunate (le Fortuné) and of Valois, was the first King of France from the House of Valois.
Philippe Duron (born 19 June 1947) is a French politician.
Pierre Daniel Huet (Huetius; 8 February 1630 – 26 January 1721) was a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physique in Caen (1662-1672) and Bishop of Soissons from 1685 to 1689 and afterwards of Avranches.
Pierre Varignon (1654 – 23 December 1722) was a French mathematician.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
The Popular Republican Movement (Mouvement Républicain Populaire, MRP) was a Christian democratic political party in France during the Fourth Republic.
The Port of Caen, Port de Caen, is the harbour and port authority of the Norman city of Caen, France.
Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.
Poultry are domesticated birds kept by humans for their eggs, their meat or their feathers.
A prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) is an administrative jurisdiction or subdivision in any of various countries and within some international church structures, and in antiquity a Roman district governed by an appointed prefect.
A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
The Rally for the Republic (Rassemblement pour la République; RPR), was a Neo-Gaullist and conservative political party in France.
A regional council (conseil régional) is the elected assembly of a region of France.
René Auguste Constantin de Renneville (October 9, 1650 – March 13, 1723), was a French writer.
Rennes (Roazhon,; Gallo: Resnn) is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine.
The Republican Party (Parti républicain, PR) was a conservative-liberal political party in France founded in 1977.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Robert Constantin (1530 ?, Caen – 27 December 1605, Montauban) was a 16th-century French physician, hellenist, bibliographer, lexicographer and humanist.
Robert FitzRoy, 1st Earl of Gloucester (before 1100 – 31 October 1147David Crouch, ‘Robert, first earl of Gloucester (b. before 1100, d. 1147)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2006) (alias Robert Rufus, Robert de Caen, Robert Consul) was an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England.
Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.
The N13 is a trunk road (nationale) in France between Paris and Cherbourg.
Stephen (Στέφανος Stéphanos, meaning "wreath, crown" and by extension "reward, honor", often given as a title rather than as a name), (c. AD 5 – c. AD 34) traditionally venerated as the protomartyr or first martyr of Christianity,, St.
Saint-Lô is a commune in north-western France, the capital of the Manche department in the region of Normandy.
Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
In Arthurian legend, Sir Kay (Cai, Middle Welsh Kei or Cei; Caius; French: Keu; French Romance: Queux; Old French: Kès or Kex) is Sir Ector's son and King Arthur's foster brother and later seneschal, as well as one of the first Knights of the Round Table.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.
Stade Malherbe Caen (commonly referred to as SM Caen or simply Caen) is a professional French football team, playing in the city of Caen in Normandy.
Stevens Point is the county seat of Portage County, Wisconsin, United States.
Tanneguy Le Fèvre (Tanaquil Faber) (1615 – 12 September 1672) was a French classical scholar.
Théâtre de Caen, 135 bd du Maréchal Leclerc, is the principle theatre and opera house of Caen, opened in 1963.
The Republicans (Les Républicains; LR) is a centre-right political party in France.
Thiès is the third largest city in Senegal with a population officially estimated at 320,000 in 2005.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
Trams in Caen was the former public transit system serving the city of Caen, France.
A transept (with two semitransepts) is a transverse part of any building, which lies across the main body of the edifice.
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
Twisto is the brand name under which buses and guided buses are operated in the Norman city of Caen.
The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire; UMP) was a centre-right political party in France that was one of the two major contemporary political parties in France along with the centre-left Socialist Party (PS).
The Union for French Democracy (Union pour la Démocratie Française, UDF) was a centre-right political party in France.
The University of Caen Normandy (UNICAEN; French: Université de Caen Normandie) is a university in Caen in Normandy, France.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
Venoix is a western quarter of Caen, in Calvados, France.
A viaduct is a bridge composed of several small spans for crossing a valley, dry or wetland, or forming an overpass or flyover.
Villons-les-Buissons is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Vire is a town and a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Würzburg (Main-Franconian: Wörtzburch) is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany.
William Lincoln Christie (born December 19, 1944) is an American-born French conductor and harpsichordist.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.