154 relations: A487 road, Abergele, Afon Seiont, Alun Ffred Jones, Ancient borough, Anglesey, Anglicisation, Arfon (Assembly constituency), Arfon (UK Parliament constituency), Arriva Buses Wales, Bangor and Carnarvon Railway, Bangor, Gwynedd, Beeching cuts, Black Boy Inn, Blue Flag beach, Bontnewydd, Gwynedd, Borough, British royal family, British Royal Train, Brittany, Brut y Tywysogion, Cadw, Caeathro, Caer, Caernarfon (UK Parliament constituency), Caernarfon Airport, Caernarfon Barracks, Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon railway station, Caernarfon town walls, Caernarfonshire, Caernarvon (Morfa) railway station, Caernarvon railway station, Cantref Arfon, Capel Curig, Capital of Wales, Cardiff, Carnarvon (Pant) railway station, Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway, Carnarvon Castle railway station, Carnarvonshire Railway, Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd, Castra, Celtic Britons, Celtic Media Festival, Charles, Prince of Wales, Civitas, Coleg Menai, Community (Wales), Community council, ..., Conquest of Wales by Edward I of England, Constantine (disambiguation), Constantine the Great, Constantius Chlorus, County town, Criccieth, Curtain wall (fortification), David Lloyd George, Dialect, Eboracum, Edward I of England, Edward II of England, Edward VIII, Elizabeth II, End of Roman rule in Britain, Ex officio member, Ffestiniog Railway, Flanking tower, Further education, Gatehouse, George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, Germanus of Auxerre, Goscombe John, Gothic architecture, Gwynedd, Gwynedd Council, Historia Brittonum, Historic counties of Wales, House of Tudor, HSBC, Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd, Ifor Williams, Invasions of the British Isles, Investiture of the Prince of Wales, James of Saint George, James Ussher, John Michael Greer, Kingdom of Gwynedd, Landerneau, List of ancient Celtic peoples and tribes, List of place names with royal patronage in the United Kingdom, Listed building, Liverpool and Manchester Railway, Llanberis, Llanberis railway station (London and North Western Railway), Llandudno Pier, Llŷn Peninsula, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Llywelyn the Great, Local Government Act 1972, London and North Western Railway, Magnus Maximus, Market town, Medieval Welsh literature, Member of parliament, Menai Strait, Mithraeum, Mithraism, Morrisons, Motte-and-bailey castle, Mudiad Amddiffyn Cymru, Municipal borough, Nantlle Railway, Nantlle Valley, Narrow-gauge railway, National Assembly for Wales, National Eisteddfod of Wales, Nennius, Norman invasion of Wales, Ordovices, Penmon, Polygon, Porthmadog, Prehistoric Britain, Prince of Wales, Prison, Pub, Roman Britain, Roman conquest of Britain, Romano-British culture, Royal Welch Fusiliers, Saint Elen, Segontium, Slate, Slate industry in Wales, Snowdon, Snowdonia, Standard-gauge railway, Statute of Rhuddlan, Sub-Roman Britain, Suburbanization, The Oval (Caernarfon), Throne of England, UNESCO, United Kingdom census, 2001, Walls of Constantinople, Welsh Highland Railway, Welsh language, Welsh mythology, Welsh nationalism, William the Conqueror, World Heritage site, Y Felinheli, Ysgol Syr Hugh Owen. Expand index (104 more) » « Shrink index
The A487, officially also known as the Fishguard to Bangor Trunk Road, is a trunk road in Wales, running up the western side of the country from Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire in the south to Bangor, Gwynedd in the north.
Abergele is a community and small market town, situated on the north coast of Wales between the holiday resorts of Colwyn Bay and Rhyl, in Conwy County Borough.
Afon Seiont (Welsh, meaning River Seiont in English) is a river in Gwynedd, Wales which runs into the Menai Strait.
Alun Ffred Jones (born 29 October 1949) is a Welsh politician and member of Plaid Cymru.
The ancient boroughs were a historic unit of lower-tier local government in England and Wales.
Anglesey (Ynys Môn) is an island situated on the north coast of Wales with an area of.
Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.
Arfon is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales, created for the 2007 Assembly election.
Arfon is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster).
Arriva Buses Wales (Bysiau Arriva Cymru) is a bus operator providing services in North Wales and Chester.
The Bangor and Carnarvon Railway was a railway connecting Caernarvon railway station (terminus of the Carnarvonshire Railway from Afon Wen) with Bangor in Caernarfonshire, Wales, on the Chester and Holyhead Railway (C&HR).
Bangor is a city in Gwynedd, northwest Wales.
The Beeching cuts (also Beeching Axe) were a reduction of route network and restructuring of the railways in Great Britain, according to a plan outlined in two reports, The Reshaping of British Railways (1963) and The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes (1965), written by Dr Richard Beeching and published by the British Railways Board.
The Black Boy Inn (or just Black Boy) in the Royal Town of Caernarfon in Gwynedd, Wales is a hotel and public house which is thought to date back to 1522, making it one of the oldest surviving inns in North Wales.
The Blue Flag is a certification by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) that a beach, marina or sustainable boating tourism operator meets its stringent standards.
Bontnewydd (Welsh, meaning 'New Bridge' in English) is a small village with a population of 1,162 located on the A487 road south of Caernarfon in Gwynedd, Wales, close to the river Gwyrfai, from its outflow into Foryd Bay.
A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.
The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations.
In the United Kingdom, the Royal Train is used to convey senior members of the British Royal Family and associated staff of the Royal Household around the railway network of Great Britain.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
Brut y Tywysogion (Chronicle of the Princes), also known as Brut y Tywysogyon, is one of the most important primary sources for Welsh history.
Cadw (a Welsh verbal noun meaning "keep/preserve") is the historic environment service of the Welsh Government and part of the Tourism and Culture group.
Caeathro is a village situated on the A4085 road between Caernarfon and Waunfawr in Gwynedd, northwest Wales.
Caer (cair or kair) is a placename element in Welsh meaning "stronghold", "fortress", or "citadel", roughly equivalent to the Old English suffix now variously written as and.
Caernarfon was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Caernarfon in Wales.
Caernarfon Airport (Maes Awyr Caernarfon), formerly RAF Llandwrog, is located southwest of Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales.
Caernarfon Barracks is a former military installation in Caernarfon, Wales.
Caernarfon Castle (Castell Caernarfon), often anglicized as Carnarvon Castle, is a medieval fortress in Caernarfon, Gwynedd, north-west Wales cared for by Cadw, the Welsh Government's historic environment service.
Caernarfon Station is the northern terminus of the narrow gauge Welsh Highland Railway, located in the town of Caernarfon.
Caernarfon's town walls are a medieval defensive structure around the town of Caernarfon in North Wales.
Caernarfonshire (Sir Gaernarfon), historically spelled as Caernarvonshire or Carnarvonshire in English, is one of the thirteen historic counties, a vice-county and a former administrative county of Wales.
Caernarvon (Morfa) was the temporary western terminus of the Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway, located on the southern fringe of Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales.
Caernarvon railway station was a station on the former Bangor and Carnarvon Railway between Caernarfon, Gwynedd and Menai Suspension Bridge near Bangor.
The mediaeval Welsh cantref of Arfon in north-west Wales was the core of the Kingdom of Gwynedd.
Capel Curig (meaning "Curig's Chapel") is a village and community in Conwy County Borough, in Wales.
The current capital of Wales is Cardiff, which was first referred to as such in 1955, when Gwilym Lloyd-George, then Minister for Welsh Affairs commented in a Parliamentary written answer that "no formal measures are necessary to give effect to this decision".
Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom.
Carnarvon (Pant) was the temporary northern terminus of the Carnarvonshire Railway, located on the southern fringe of Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales.
The Carnarvon and Llanberis Railway, built under the Caernarvon and Llanberis Railway Act 1864, was an eight-mile branch line from the Carnarvonshire Railway running from Caernarfon to Llanberis, Gwynedd via Pont Rhythallt (for Llanrug), Cwm y Glo, and Padarn Halt, and terminating at Llanberis.
Carnarvon Castle railway station was opened in 1856 by the narrow gauge Nantlle Railway near the foot of what is today the Allt Y Castell which slopes down to Caernarfon's harbour area.
The Carnarvonshire Railway was a railway connecting Caernarvon railway station (terminus of the Bangor and Caernarvon Railway line from Bangor) with Afon Wen.
The Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site located in Gwynedd, Wales.
In the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the Latin word castrum (plural castra) was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military camp.
The Britons, also known as Celtic Britons or Ancient Britons, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages, at which point their culture and language diverged into the modern Welsh, Cornish and Bretons (among others).
The Celtic Media Festival, formerly known as the Celtic Film and Television Festival, aims to promote the languages and cultures of the Celtic nations in film, on television, radio and new media.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
In the history of Rome, the Latin term civitas (plural civitates), according to Cicero in the time of the late Roman Republic, was the social body of the cives, or citizens, united by law (concilium coetusque hominum jure sociati).
Coleg Menai (Meaning in English: Menai College) is a further education college located in Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales.
A community (cymuned) is a division of land in Wales that forms the lowest tier of local government in Wales.
A community council is a public representative body in Great Britain.
The Conquest of Wales by Edward I, sometimes referred to as the Edwardian Conquest of Wales,Examples of historians using the term include Professor J.E. Lloyd, regarded as the founder of the modern academic study of Welsh history, in his History of Wales from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest, first published in 1911, and Professor R.R. Davies, the leading modern scholar of the period, in his works including The Age of Conquest: Wales, 1063–1415, published 2000.
Constantine most commonly refers to one of the following.
Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.
Constantius I (Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius Herculius Augustus;Martindale, pg. 227 31 March 25 July 306), commonly known as Constantius Chlorus (Χλωρός, Kōnstantios Khlōrós, literally "Constantius the Pale"), was Caesar, a form of Roman co-emperor, from 293 to 306.
A county town in Great Britain or Ireland is usually, but not always, the location of administrative or judicial functions within the county.
Criccieth (Cricieth) is a town and community on the Llyn peninsula in the Eifionydd area of Gwynedd in Wales.
A curtain wall is a defensive wall between two towers (bastions) of a castle, fortress, or town.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
Eboracum (Latin /ebo'rakum/, English or) was a fort and city in the Roman province of Britannia.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year, after which he became the Duke of Windsor.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The end of Roman rule in Britain was the transition from Roman Britain to post-Roman Britain.
An ex officio member is a member of a body (a board, committee, council, etc.) who is part of it by virtue of holding another office.
The Ffestiniog Railway (Rheilffordd Ffestiniog) is a narrow-gauge heritage railway, located in Gwynedd, Wales.
A flanking tower is a fortified tower that is sited on the outside of a defensive wall or other fortified structure and thus forms a flank.
Further education (often abbreviated FE) in the United Kingdom and Ireland is education in addition to that received at secondary school, that is distinct from the higher education (HE) offered in universities and other academic institutions.
A gatehouse is a building enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a town, religious house, castle, manor house, or other buildings of importance.
George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, DL (26 June 1866 – 5 April 1923), styled Lord Porchester until 1890, was an English peer and aristocrat best known as the financial backer of the search for and the excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
Germanus of Auxerre (Welsh: Garmon Sant) (c. 378 – c. 448) was a bishop of Auxerre in Late Antique Gaul.
Sir William Goscombe John (21 February 1860 – 15 December 1952) was a Welsh sculptor.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Gwynedd is a county in Wales, sharing borders with Powys, Conwy, Anglesey over the Menai Strait, and Ceredigion over the River Dyfi.
Gwynedd Council (Cyngor Gwynedd) is the governing body for the principal area of Gwynedd, one of the subdivisions of Wales within the United Kingdom.
The History of the Britons (Historia Brittonum) is a purported history of the indigenous British (Brittonic) people that was written around 828 and survives in numerous recensions that date from after the 11th century.
The historic counties of Wales are sub-divisions of Wales.
The House of Tudor was an English royal house of Welsh origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd.
HSBC Holdings plc is a British multinational banking and financial services holding company, tracing its origin to a hong in Hong Kong.
Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd (died 1170), Wales Prince of Gwynedd in 1170, was a Welsh poet and military leader.
Sir Ifor Williams, FBA (16 April 1881 – 4 November 1965) was a Welsh scholar who laid the foundations for the academic study of Old Welsh, particularly early Welsh poetry.
Invasions of the British Isles have occurred throughout history.
The Investiture of the Prince of Wales is the ceremony marking formal acknowledgement of a newly-created Prince of Wales.
Master James of Saint George (c. 1230 – 1309), also known as Master James of Savoy and in French Maitre Jacques de Saint-Georges d'Espéranche, was an architect from Savoy, described by historian Marc Morris as "one of the greatest architects of the European Middle Ages".
James Ussher (or Usher; 4 January 1581 – 21 March 1656) was the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656.
John Michael Greer (born 1962) is a neo-pagan American author who writes on the environment, various religions, and occult topics.
The Principality or Kingdom of Gwynedd (Medieval Latin: Venedotia or Norwallia; Middle Welsh: Guynet) was one of several successor states to the Roman Empire that emerged in sub-Roman Britain in the 5th century during the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain.
Landerneau (Landerne in Breton) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.
This is a list of Celtic tribes, listed in order of the Roman province (after Roman conquest) or the general area in which they lived.
The following list of place names with royal patronage in the United Kingdom includes both those granted a royal title or status by express wish of a specific monarch, and those with prefixes or suffixes such as "King's" or "Regis" that relate to historic ownership of the area by the Crown.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in England.
Llanberis is a village, community and electoral ward in Gwynedd, northwest Wales, on the southern bank of the lake Llyn Padarn and at the foot of Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales.
Llanberis railway station was located in Llanberis, Gwynedd, Wales.
Llandudno Pier is a Grade II* listed pier in the seaside resort of Llandudno, North Wales, United Kingdom.
The Llŷn Peninsula (Penrhyn Llŷn or italic) extends into the Irish Sea from north west Wales, south west of the Isle of Anglesey.
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (c. 1223 – 11 December 1282), sometimes written as Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, also known as Llywelyn the Last (lit), was Prince of Wales (Princeps Wallie; Tywysog Cymru) from 1258 until his death at Cilmeri in 1282.
Llywelyn the Great (Llywelyn Fawr), full name Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, (c. 117311 April 1240) was a Prince of Gwynedd in north Wales and eventually de facto ruler over most of Wales.
The Local Government Act 1972 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom that reformed local government in England and Wales on 1 April 1974.
The London and North Western Railway (LNWR, L&NWR) was a British railway company between 1846 and 1922.
Magnus Maximus (Flavius Magnus Maximus Augustus, Macsen Wledig) (August 28, 388) was Western Roman Emperor from 383 to 388.
Market town or market right is a legal term, originating in the Middle Ages, for a European settlement that has the right to host markets, distinguishing it from a village and city.
Medieval Welsh literature is the literature written in the Welsh language during the Middle Ages.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
The Menai Strait (Afon Menai, the "River Menai") is a narrow stretch of shallow tidal water about long, which separates the island of Anglesey from the mainland of Wales.
A Mithraeum, sometimes spelled Mithreum, is a large or small Mithraic temple, erected in classical antiquity by the worshippers of Mithras.
Mithraism, also known as the Mithraic mysteries, was a mystery religion centered around the god Mithras that was practised in the Roman Empire from about the 1st to the 4th century CE.
Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc, trading as Morrisons, is the fourth largest chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom, and is headquartered in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.
Mudiad Amddiffyn Cymru (Movement for the Defence of Wales), abbreviated as MAC, was a paramilitary Welsh nationalist organisation, which was responsible for a number of bombing incidents between 1963 and 1969.
Municipal boroughs were a type of local government district which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974, in Northern Ireland from 1840 to 1973 and in the Republic of Ireland from 1840 to 2002.
The Nantlle Railway (sometimes referred to as the Nantlle Tramway) was a Welsh narrow gauge railway.
The Nantlle Valley (Dyffryn Nantlle) is an area in Gwynedd, north Wales, characterised by its large number of small settlements.
A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the standard.
The National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru; commonly known as the Welsh Assembly) is a devolved parliament with power to make legislation in Wales.
The National Eisteddfod of Wales (Welsh: Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru) is the most important of several eisteddfodau that are held annually, mostly in Wales.
Nennius — or Nemnius or Nemnivus — was a Welsh monk of the 9th century.
The Norman invasion of Wales began shortly after the Norman conquest of England under William the Conqueror, who believed England to be his birthright.
The Ordovices were one of the Celtic tribes living in Great Britain before the Roman invasion.
Penmon is a promontory, village and ecclesiastical parish on the south-east tip of the Isle of Anglesey in Wales, about east of the town of Beaumaris.
In elementary geometry, a polygon is a plane figure that is bounded by a finite chain of straight line segments closing in a loop to form a closed polygonal chain or circuit.
Porthmadog, known locally as "Port", is a small coastal town and community in the Eifionydd area of Gwynedd, in Wales.
Several species of humans have intermittently occupied Britain for almost a million years.
Prince of Wales (Tywysog Cymru) was a title granted to princes born in Wales from the 12th century onwards; the term replaced the use of the word king.
A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), or remand center is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.
Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.
The Roman conquest of Britain was a gradual process, beginning effectively in AD 43 under Emperor Claudius, whose general Aulus Plautius served as first governor of Roman Britain (Britannia).
Romano-British culture is the culture that arose in Britain under the Roman Empire following the Roman conquest in AD 43 and the creation of the province of Britannia.
The Royal Welch Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
Saint Elen (Elen Luyddog, lit. "Helen of the Hosts"), often anglicized as Helen, was a late 4th-century founder of churches in Wales.
Segontium (Cair Seiont) is a Roman fort on the outskirts of Caernarfon in Gwynedd, North Wales.
Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism.
The existence of a slate industry in Wales is attested since the Roman period, when slate was used to roof the fort at Segontium, now Caernarfon.
Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa) is the highest mountain in Wales, at an elevation of above sea level, and the highest point in the British Isles outside the Scottish Highlands.
Snowdonia (Eryri) is a mountainous region in northwestern Wales and a national park of in area.
A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of.
The Statute of Rhuddlan (Statud Rhuddlan), also known as the Statutes of Wales (Statuta Vallie) or as the Statute of Wales (Statutum Vallie or Statutum Valliae), provided the constitutional basis for the government of the Principality of North Wales from 1284 until 1536.
Sub-Roman Britain is the transition period between the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century around CE 235 (and the subsequent collapse and end of Roman Britain), until the start of the Early Medieval period.
Suburbanization is a population shift from central urban areas into suburbs, resulting in the formation of (sub)urban sprawl.
The Oval is a multi-use stadium in Caernarfon, Wales.
The Throne of England is the English term used to identify the throne of the Monarch of England.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
A nationwide census, known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday, 29 April 2001.
The Walls of Constantinople are a series of defensive stone walls that have surrounded and protected the city of Constantinople (today Istanbul in Turkey) since its founding as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine the Great.
The Welsh Highland Railway (WHR) or Rheilffordd Eryri is a long, restored narrow gauge heritage railway in the Welsh county of Gwynedd, operating from Caernarfon to Porthmadog, and passing through a number of popular tourist destinations including Beddgelert and the Aberglaslyn Pass.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
Welsh mythology consists of both folk traditions developed in Wales, and traditions developed by the Celtic Britons elsewhere before the end of the first millennium.
Welsh nationalism (Cenedlaetholdeb Cymreig) emphasises the distinctiveness of Welsh language, culture, and history, and calls for more self-determination for Wales, which might include more devolved powers for the Welsh Assembly or full independence from the United Kingdom.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Y Felinheli, formerly known in English as Port Dinorwic, is a village, community and electoral ward beside the Menai Strait (Y Fenai or Afon Menai) between Bangor and Caernarfon in Gwynedd, north-west Wales.
Ysgol Syr Hugh Owen is a bilingual comprehensive secondary school for pupils aged 11–18, situated in Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales.