87 relations: Acrylic acid, Aflatoxin, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Apple sauce, Apricot, Argan oil, Aronia melanocarpa, Aspergillus flavus, Autoxidation, Bacteria, Barley, Benzenediol, Biomass, Biosynthesis, Caffeate 3,4-dioxygenase, Caffeate O-methyltransferase, Caffeic acid phenethyl ester, Caffeine, Caffenol, Carcinogen, Carcinogenesis, Catechol, Catechol oxidase, Chlorogenic acid, Cichoric acid, Cinnamomum verum, Coffee, Coniferyl alcohol, Coumaric acid, Cysteine, Dactylifric acid, Date palm, Dihydroxyphenylalanine ammonia-lyase, Enzyme, Eucalyptus globulus, Ferulic acid, Fibrosarcoma, Food browning, Fungicide, Glutathione, Horseradish peroxidase, HT1080, Hydrogen peroxide, Hydroxycinnamic acid, Hydroxylation, Illicium verum, In vitro, In vivo, Instant coffee, ..., International Agency for Research on Cancer, L-DOPA, Large intestine, Lignin, List of IARC Group 2B carcinogens, Mass spectrometry, Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization, Metabolite, Neoplasm, Organic compound, Papilloma, Phellinus linteus, Phenol, Photographic developer, Prune, Pyrogallol, Quinic acid, Red wine, Rye, Salvia officinalis, Salvinia molesta, Shikimic acid, Sinapyl alcohol, Spearmint, Stomach, Sunflower seed, Thiamine, Thioglycolic acid, Thiol, Thyme, Umbellic acid, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Vitamin C, Yerba mate, 1,2-Benzoquinone, 2,3-Dihydroxycinnamic acid, 2,5-Dihydroxycinnamic acid. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
Acrylic acid (IUPAC: propenoic acid) is an organic compound with the formula CH2.
Aflatoxins are poisonous carcinogens that are produced by certain molds (Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus) which grow in soil, decaying vegetation, hay, and grains.
Anti-inflammatory, or antiinflammatory, refers to the property of a substance or treatment that reduces inflammation or swelling.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
Apple sauce or applesauce is a sauce made of apples.
An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).
Argan oil is a plant oil produced from the kernels of the argan tree (Argania spinosa L.) that is endemic to Morocco.
Aronia melanocarpa, called the black chokeberry, is a species of shrubs in the rose family native to eastern North America, ranging from Canada to the central United States, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, south as far as Arkansas, Alabama, and Georgia.
Aspergillus flavus is a saprotrophic and pathogenic fungus with a cosmopolitan distribution.
Autoxidation is any oxidation that occurs in open air or in presence of oxygen (and sometimes UV radiation) and forms peroxides and hydroperoxides.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.
Benzenediols or dihydroxybenzenes are organic chemical compounds in which two hydroxyl groups are substituted onto a benzene ring.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.
Caffeate 3,4-dioxygenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 3,4-dihydroxy-trans-cinnamate (caffeic acid) and oxygen, whereas its product is 3-(2-carboxyethenyl)-cis,cis-muconate.
In enzymology, a caffeate O-methyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-adenosyl methionine and 3,4-dihydroxy-trans-cinnamate (caffeic acid), whereas its two products are S-adenosylhomocysteine and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-trans-cinnamate (ferulic acid).
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is a natural phenolic chemical compound.
Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class.
Caffenol is a photographic alternative process whereby phenols, sodium carbonate and optionally Vitamin C are used in aqueous solution as a film and print photographic developer.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Carcinogenesis, also called oncogenesis or tumorigenesis, is the formation of a cancer, whereby normal cells are transformed into cancer cells.
Catechol, also known as pyrocatechol or 1,2-dihydroxybenzene, is an organic compound with the molecular formula C6H4(OH)2.
Catechol oxidase is a copper oxidase that contains a type 3 di-copper cofactor and catalyzes the oxidation of ortho-diphenols into ortho-quinones coupled with the reduction of molecular oxygen to water.
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is the ester of caffeic acid and (−)-quinic acid, functioning as an intermediate in lignin biosynthesis.
Cichoric acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid, an organic compound of the phenylpropanoid class and occurs in a variety of plant species.
Cinnamomum verum, called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Coniferyl alcohol is an organic compound.
Coumaric acid (molecular formula C9H8O3, molar mass: 164.16 g/mol, exact mass: 164.047344 u) may refer to.
Cysteine (symbol Cys or C) is a semi-essential proteinogenic amino acid with the formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH2SH.
Dactylifric acid is a caffeic acid glycoside (3-O-caffeoylshikimic acid).
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.
In enzymology, a dihydroxyphenylalanine ammonia-lyase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine (L-DOPA), and two products, trans-caffeate and NH3.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Eucalyptus globulus, the Tasmanian bluegum, southern blue-gum or blue gum, is an evergreen tree, one of the most widely cultivated trees native to Australia.
Ferulic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid, an organic compound.
Fibrosarcoma (fibroblastic sarcoma) is a malignant mesenchymal tumour derived from fibrous connective tissue and characterized by the presence of immature proliferating fibroblasts or undifferentiated anaplastic spindle cells in a storiform pattern.
Browning is the process of food turning brown due to the chemical reactions that take place within.
Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores.
Glutathione (GSH) is an important antioxidant in plants, animals, fungi, and some bacteria and archaea.
The enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP), found in the roots of horseradish, is used extensively in biochemistry applications.
HT1080 is a fibrosarcoma cell line which has been used extensively in biomedical research.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
Hydroxycinnamic acids (hydroxycinnamates) are a class of aromatic acids or phenylpropanoids having a C6–C3 skeleton.
Hydroxylation is a chemical process that introduces a hydroxyl group (-OH) into an organic compound.
Illicium verum is a medium-sized evergreen tree native to northeast Vietnam and southwest China.
In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.
Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.
Instant coffee, also called soluble coffee, coffee crystals, and coffee powder, is a beverage derived from brewed coffee beans that enables people to quickly prepare hot coffee by adding hot water to the powder or crystals and stirring.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC; Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer, CIRC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.
L-DOPA, also known as levodopa or L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine is an amino acid that is made and used as part of the normal biology of humans, as well as some animals and plants.
The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.
Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.
Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 2B: The agent (mixture) is "possibly carcinogenic to humans".
Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.
In mass spectrometry, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) is an ionization technique that uses a laser energy absorbing matrix to create ions from large molecules with minimal fragmentation.
A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
A papilloma (plural papillomas or papillomata) (papillo- + -oma) is a benign epithelial tumor growing exophytically (outwardly projecting) in nipple-like and often finger-like fronds.
Phellinus linteus (Japanese "meshimakobu", Chinese "song gen", Korean "sanghwang", English "Meshima", American English "black hoof mushroom") is a medicinal mushroom used in Japan, Korea and China for centuries to prevent ailments as diverse as gastroenteric dysfunction, diarrhea, haemorrhage and cancers.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
In the processing of photographic films, plates or papers, the photographic developer (or just developer) is one or more chemicals that convert the latent image to a visible image.
A prune is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum.
Pyrogallol is an organic compound with the formula C6H3(OH)3.
Quinic acid is a cyclitol, a cyclic polyol, and a cyclohexanecarboxylic acid.
Red wine is a type of wine made from dark-colored (black) grape varieties.
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.
Salvia officinalis (sage, also called garden sage, common sage, or culinary sage) is a perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers.
Salvinia molesta, commonly known as giant salvinia, or as kariba weed after it infested a large portion of the reservoir of the same name, is an aquatic fern, native to south-eastern Brazil.
Shikimic acid, more commonly known as its anionic form shikimate, is a cyclohexene, a cyclitol and a cyclohexanecarboxylic acid.
Sinapyl alcohol is an organic compound structurally related to cinnamic acid.
Spearmint (binomial Mentha spicata, synonym Mentha viridis), also known as garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint, is a species of mint native to much of Europe and Asia (Middle East, Himalayas, China etc.), and naturalized in parts of northern and western Africa, North America, and South America, as well as various oceanic islands.
The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.
The sunflower seed is the fruit of the sunflower (Helianthus annuus).
Thiamine, also known as thiamin or vitamin B1, is a vitamin found in food, and manufactured as a dietary supplement and medication.
Thioglycolic acid (TGA) is the organic compound HSCH2CO2H.
Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).
Thyme is an aromatic perennial evergreen herb with culinary, medicinal, and ornamental uses.
Umbellic acid (2,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid) is a hydroxycinnamic acid.
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (lingonberry, partridgeberry, or cowberry) is a short evergreen shrub in the heath family that bears edible fruit, native to boreal forest and Arctic tundra throughout the Northern Hemisphere from Eurasia to North America.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Yerba mate (from Spanish; erva-mate or; ka'a) is a species of the holly genus (Ilex), with the botanical name Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil., named by the French botanist Auguste François César Prouvençal de Saint-Hilaire.
1,2-Benzoquinone, also called ortho-benzoquinone, is an organic compound with formula.
2,3-Dihydroxycinnamic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid.
2,5-Dihydroxycinnamic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid.