287 relations: 'Ndrangheta, 'Nduja, Accademia Cosentina, Acri, Adriatic Sea, Agathocles of Syracuse, Alcmaeon of Croton, Alexander I of Epirus, Alfonso Rendano, Alfonso V of Aragon, Aloysius Lilius, Amantea, Amendolara, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Antonio Serra, Anusim, Apennine Mountains, Apulia, Arbëresh language, Arianism, Art Nouveau, Aspromonte, Astylos of Croton, Augustus, Autostrada A2 (Italy), Back-arc basin, Badolato, Bagnara Calabra, Barlaam of Seminara, Basilicata, Battle of Hastings, Belvedere Marittimo, Bergamot orange, Bernardino Telesio, Biscotti, Bohemond I of Antioch, Borgia, Calabria, Botte Donato, Bruno of Cologne, Bruttians, Burwood, New South Wales, Byzantine architecture, Byzantine Empire, Caciocavallo, Calabrese, Calabrian Greek, Calabrian wine, Campania, Campora San Giovanni, ..., Capo Vaticano, Capocollo, Capua, Cariati, Carthusians, Cassiodorus, Castrovillari, Catanzaro, Catholic Church, Cattolica di Stilo, Caulonia (ancient city), Charlemagne, Charles I of Anjou, Chickpea, Cirò Marina, Classical antiquity, Cod, Codex Grandior, Containerization, Corigliano Calabro, Cosenza, Crotone, Crotone Airport, Crown of Aragon, Democratic Party (Italy), Demonym, Denominazione di origine controllata, Destination Calabria, Diamante citron, Diamante, Calabria, Diaspora, Dino, Calabria, Dried and salted cod, Duke of Calabria, Eggplant, Emirate of Sicily, Eocene, Eponym, European Commission, Evangelicalism, Ferdinand II of Aragon, Fiumefreddo Bruzio, Francis of Paola, Frìttuli, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, French language, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Gaglioppo, Geographica, Gerace, Gioia Tauro, Giovanni Boccaccio, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Greek language, Gregorian calendar, Griko people, Gulf of Taranto, Hannibal, Hanno the Elder, Hohenstaufen, Homer, Homo erectus, Ibycus, Ionian Sea, Isola di Capo Rizzuto, Italia Viaduct, Italian language, Italian National Institute of Statistics, Italus, Jews, Joachim Murat, Kingdom of Naples, Kingdom of Sicily, Krimisa, La Sila, Laüs, Lagane e cicciari, Lamezia Terme, Lamezia Terme Centrale railway station, Lamezia Terme International Airport, Lamezia Terme Town Library, Languages of Calabria, Leontius Pilatus, Liquorice, List of busiest container ports, List of monarchs of Sicily, Locri, Lombards, Lucanians, Lycaon (Arcadia), Mafia, Magna Graecia, Magna Græcia University, Mammola, March (territorial entity), Mario Oliverio, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria, Mediterranean cuisine, Medma, Metres above sea level, Milo of Croton, Miocene, Monasterace, Montalto Uffugo, Montauro, Montepaone, Municipality of Burwood, Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia, Naples, Neapolitan language, Neogene, Nicotera, Nilus the Younger, Nine Lyric Poets, Nocera Terinese, Normans, Nossis, Occitan language, Oenotrians, Oenotrus, Olive oil, Onion, Opuntia, Oscan language, Ostrogothic Kingdom, Ostrogoths, Paestum, Palazzo Campanella, Paleozoic, Palermo, Pallagorio, Palmi, Pandosia (Bruttium), Paola, Calabria, Papasidero, Parghelia, Pecorino, Peloritani, Petelia, Petrarch, Pignolata, Pinus heldreichii, Pizzo, Calabria, Pleistocene, Pollino, Pollino National Park, Pope Urban II, Port of Gioia Tauro, Port of Reggio, Praia a Mare, Province of Catanzaro, Province of Cosenza, Province of Crotone, Province of Reggio Calabria, Province of Vibo Valentia, Punta del Faro, Punta Pezzo, Pythagoras, Ragusa, Sicily, Red onion, Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria Airport, Regional Council of Calabria, Regions of Italy, Renaissance, Renaissance humanism, Rende, Revolutions of 1848, Riace bronzes, Ricadi, Robert Guiscard, Roccella Ionica, Roger I of Sicily, Roger II of Sicily, Roman Catholic Diocese of Locri-Gerace, Roman Empire, Romanization (cultural), Rosarno, Roseto Capo Spulico, Rossano, Salento, Salerno, Samo, Calabria, San Giovanni in Fiore, San Marco Argentano, San Nicola Arcella, Santa Maria del Cedro, Santo Stefano in Aspromonte, Sardine, Scalea, Scidrus, Scilla, Scilla, Calabria, Scyllaeum, Scylletium, Sellia Marina, Seminara, Serra San Bruno, Sfalassà Viaduct, Sibari, Sicilian Vespers, Sicily, Siderno, Sila National Park, Soppressata, Southern Italy, Soverato, Spanish language, Spezzano della Sila, Squillace, Stalettì, Stesichorus, Stilo, Strait of Messina, Strait of Messina Bridge, Strongoli, Subduction, Swordfish, Sybaris, Taranto, Temesa (ancient city), Terina (ancient city), The City of the Sun, Thurii, Tommaso Campanella, Tropea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Università per stranieri "Dante Alighieri" di Reggio Calabria, University of Calabria, Vibo Valentia, Vino Greco, West Virginia, Zaleucus, Zambrone, 1783 Calabrian earthquakes, 1905 Calabria earthquake, 1908 Messina earthquake. Expand index (237 more) » « Shrink index
The 'Ndràngheta is an organized crime group centered in Calabria, Italy.
'Nduja is a particularly spicy, spreadable pork salumi from Italy.
The Accademia Cosentina is or was an Italian accademia or learned society in Cosenza, in Calabria in southern Italy.
Acri (Calabrian: Eacri; Calabrian Greek: script) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Agathocles (Ἀγαθοκλῆς, Agathoklḗs; 361–289 BC) was a Greek tyrant of Syracuse (317–289 BC) and king of Sicily (304–289 BC).
Alcmaeon of Croton (in Magna Graecia) (Ἀλκμαίων ὁ Κροτωνιάτης, Alkmaiōn, gen.: Ἀλκμαίωνος; 5th century BC) has been described as one of the most eminent natural philosophers and medical theorists of antiquity.
Alexander I of Epirus (Ἀλέξανδρος Α' τῆς Ἠπείρου, 370 BC – 331 BC), also known as Alexander Molossus (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μολοσσός), was a king of Epirus (350–331 BC) of the Aeacid dynasty.
Alfonso Rendano (1853–1931) was an Italian pianist and composer.
Alfonso the Magnanimous KG (also Alphonso; Alfons; 1396 – 27 June 1458) was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica (as Alfonso II), Sicily (as Alfonso I) and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso IV) from 1416, and King of Naples (as Alfonso I) from 1442 until his death.
Aloysius Lilius (c. 1510 – 1576), also variously referred to as Luigi Lilio, Luigi Giglio, was an Italian doctor, astronomer, philosopher and chronologist, and also the "primary author" who provided the proposal that (after modifications) became the basis of the Gregorian Calendar reform of 1582.
Amantea (Calabrian: A' Mantia) is a town, former bishopric, comune (municipality) and Latin Catholic titular see in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Amendolara (Lucano: Minnuàre) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Antonio Serra was a late 16th-century Italian philosopher and economist in the Mercantilist tradition.
Anusim (אֲנוּסִים,; singular male, Anús, אָנוּס; singular female, Anusáh,, meaning "Coerced") is a legal category of Jews in halakha (Jewish law) who were forced to abandon Judaism against their will, typically while forcibly converted to another religion.
The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
Apulia (Puglia; Pùglia; Pulia; translit) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto to the south.
Arbëresh (also known as Arbërisht, Arbërishtja or T'arbrisht) is the variety of Albanian spoken by the Arbëreshë people in Italy.
Arianism is a nontrinitarian Christological doctrine which asserts the belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God who was begotten by God the Father at a point in time, a creature distinct from the Father and is therefore subordinate to him, but the Son is also God (i.e. God the Son).
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
The Aspromonte is a mountain massif in the province of Reggio Calabria (Calabria, southern Italy).
Astylos of Croton (Ἄστυλος/Ἀστύαλος ὁ Κροτωνιάτης) was an athlete from ancient Croton who starred in the Olympic Games of the 5th century BC.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Autostrada A2, otherwise known as the Autostrada del Mediterraneo ("Mediterranean Motorway"), is a 432-km-long Italian motorway in the south of Italy.
Back-arc basins are geologic basins, submarine features associated with island arcs and subduction zones.
Badolato is a comune and town in the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region of Italy.
Bagnara Calabra (or simply Bagnara) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in Calabria, southern Italy.
Barlaam of Seminara (Bernardo Massari, as a layman), c. 1290–1348, or Barlaam of Calabria (Βαρλαὰμ Καλαβρός) was a southern Italian scholar (Aristotelian scholastic) and clergyman of the 14th century, as well as a Humanist, a philologist, and a theologian.
Basilicata, also known with its ancient name Lucania, is a region in Southern Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia (Puglia) to the north and east, and Calabria to the south.
The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
Belvedere Marittimo is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange (pronounced), is a fragrant citrus fruit the size of an orange, with a yellow or green color similar to a lime, depending on ripeness.
Bernardino Telesio (7 November 1509 – 2 October 1588) was an Italian philosopher and natural scientist.
Biscotti (twice-cooked), known also as cantucci, are Italian almond biscuits that originated in the city of Prato.
Bohemond I (3 March 1111) was the Prince of Taranto from 1089 to 1111 and the Prince of Antioch from 1098 to 1111.
Borgia is a town and comune in the province of Catanzaro, in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Botte Donato is a mountain in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Bruno of Cologne (c. 1030 – 6 October 1101) was the founder of the Carthusian Order, he personally founded the order's first two communities.
The Bruttians (Bréttioi, Bruttii) were an ancient Italic tribe of Lucanian descent.
Burwood is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire, also known as the Later Roman or Eastern Roman Empire.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Caciocavallo is a type of stretched-curd cheese made out of sheep's or cow's milk.
Calabrese may refer to.
The Calabrian dialect of Greek, or Grecanic, is the variety of Italiot Greek used by the ethnic Griko people in Calabria, as opposed to the Italiot Greek dialect spoken in the Grecìa Salentina.
Calabrian wine (Italian: Vino Calabrese) is Italian wine from the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Campania is a region in Southern Italy.
Campora San Giovanni (Campura San Giuvanni or Campura Santu Janni, in the ancient Camporese dialect) is a frazione of the comune (municipality) of Amantea, in the province of Cosenza, Calabria, Italy, located close to the border with the province of Catanzaro.
Capo Vaticano is a wide bathing place in the Municipality of Ricadi in Calabria, Italy.
Capocollo, coppa, or capicola is a traditional Italian and Corsican pork cold cut (salume) made from the dry-cured muscle running from the neck to the fourth or fifth rib of the pork shoulder or neck.
Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain.
Cariati is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
The Carthusian Order (Ordo Cartusiensis), also called the Order of Saint Bruno, is a Catholic religious order of enclosed monastics.
Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator (c. 485 – c. 585), commonly known as Cassiodorus, was a Roman statesman and writer serving in the administration of Theoderic the Great, king of the Ostrogoths.
Castrovillari (Calabrian: Castruvìddari) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Catanzaro (Catanzarese: Catanzaru;, or Κατασταρίοι Λοκροί, Katastarioi Lokroi; Catacium), also known as the city of the two seas, is an Italian city of 91,000 inhabitants (2013) and the capital of the Calabria region and of its province.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Cattolica di Stilo is a Byzantine church in the comune of Stilo, Calabria, southern Italy.
Caulonia or Caulon (Kaulōnía; also spelled Kaulonia or Kaulon) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the shore of the Ionian Sea.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Charles I (early 1226/12277 January 1285), commonly called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty and the founder of the second House of Anjou.
The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
Cirò Marina is a comune and town with a population of 14,000 people in the province of Crotone, in Calabria, Italy.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.
The Codex Grandior ("Larger Codex") was a large single-volume copy of the Bible in an Old Latin translation that was made for or by Cassiodorus.
Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).
Corigliano Calabro is a town and a frazione of Corigliano-Rossano located in the province of Cosenza, northeast of the city of Cosenza, in Calabria, southern Italy.
Cosenza (Cosentino: Cusenze) is a city in the Calabria region of Southern Italy.
Crotone (Crotonese: Cutrone or Cutruni) is a city and comune in Calabria.
Crotone-Sant'Anna Airport (Italian: Aeroporto di Crotone-Sant'Anna) is a minor Italian domestic airport serving Crotone in Calabria.
The Crown of Aragon (Corona d'Aragón, Corona d'Aragó, Corona de Aragón),Corona d'AragónCorona AragonumCorona de Aragón) also referred by some modern historians as Catalanoaragonese Crown (Corona catalanoaragonesa) or Catalan-Aragonese Confederation (Confederació catalanoaragonesa) was a composite monarchy, also nowadays referred to as a confederation of individual polities or kingdoms ruled by one king, with a personal and dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy (a state with primarily maritime realms) controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388). The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes. Put in contemporary terms, it has sometimes been considered that the different lands of the Crown of Aragon (mainly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia) functioned more as a confederation than as a single kingdom. In this sense, the larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name. In 1469, a new dynastic familial union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains" led to what would become the Kingdom of Spain under King Philip II. The Crown existed until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Democratic Party (Partito Democratico, PD) is a social-democratic political party in Italy.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC;; English: controlled designation of origin) is a quality assurance label for Italian wines.
"Destination Calabria" is a song by Italian producer Alex Gaudino, with vocals by Crystal Waters.
The Diamante citron (Citrus medica var. vulgaris or cv. diamante − cedro di diamante, אתרוג קלבריה or גינובה) is a variety of citron named after the town of Diamante, located in the province of Cosenza, Calabria, on the south-western coast of Italy, which is its most known cultivation point.
Diamante ("diamond"; Calabrian: Diamàndë) is a coastal town and comune in the province of Cosenza, part of the Calabria region of southern Italy.
A diaspora (/daɪˈæspərə/) is a scattered population whose origin lies in a separate geographic locale.
Dino is the larger of the two small islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the coast of Calabria.
Dried and salted cod, sometimes referred to simply as salt cod, is cod which has been preserved by drying after salting.
Duke of Calabria was the traditional title of the heir apparent of the Kingdom of Naples after the accession of Robert of Naples.
Eggplant (Solanum melongena) or aubergine is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit.
The Emirate of Sicily (إِمَارَةُ صِقِلِّيَة) was an emirate on the island of Sicily which existed from 831 to 1091.
The Eocene Epoch, lasting from, is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Paleogene Period in the Cenozoic Era.
An eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or after which something is named, or believed to be named.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
Ferdinand II (Ferrando, Ferran, Errando, Fernando) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death.
Fiumefreddo Bruzio (Calabrian: Jiumifriddu) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Saint Francis of Paola, O.M. (or: Francesco di Paola or Saint Francis the Fire Handler; 27 March 1416 – 2 April 1507) was an Italian mendicant friar and the founder of the Roman Catholic Order of Minims.
Frittole (commonly known as "Frittuli"), is a traditional dish made of pork parts in the city of Reggio Calabria and the surrounding province.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Gaglioppo is a red wine grape that is grown in southern Italy, primarily around Calabria.
The Geographica (Ancient Greek: Γεωγραφικά Geōgraphiká), or Geography, is an encyclopedia of geographical knowledge, consisting of 17 'books', written in Greek by Strabo, an educated citizen of the Roman Empire of Greek descent.
Gerace is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria, Calabria, southern Italy.
Gioia Tauro is a comune (municipality) in the province of Reggio Calabria, in Calabria (Italy), on the Tyrrhenian coast.
Giovanni Boccaccio (16 June 1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian writer, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist.
Giuseppe Garibaldi; 4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, politician and nationalist. He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times and one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the Italian unification. Garibaldi was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in 1848, General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War, and led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf and with the consent of Victor Emmanuel II. His last military campaign took place during the Franco-Prussian War as commander of the Army of the Vosges. Garibaldi was very popular in Italy and abroad, aided by exceptional international media coverage at the time. Many of the greatest intellectuals of his time, such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and George Sand, showered him with admiration. The United Kingdom and the United States helped him a great deal, offering him financial and military support in difficult circumstances. In the popular telling of his story, he is associated with the red shirts worn by his volunteers, the Garibaldini, in lieu of a uniform.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
The Griko people (Γκρίκο), also known as Grecanici in Calabria, are an ethnic Greek community of Southern Italy. They are found principally in regions of Calabria (Province of Reggio Calabria) and Apulia (peninsula of Salento). The Griko are believed to be remnants of the once large Ancient and Medieval Greek communities of southern Italy (the old Magna Graecia region), although there is dispute among scholars as to whether the Griko community is directly descended from Ancient Greeks or from more recent medieval migrations during the Byzantine domination. Greek people have been living in Southern Italy for millennia, initially arriving in Southern Italy in numerous waves of migrations, from the ancient Greek colonisation of Southern Italy and Sicily in the 8th century BC through to the Byzantine Greek migrations of the 15th century caused by the Ottoman conquest. In the Middle Ages Greek, regional communities were reduced to isolated enclaves. Although most Greek inhabitants of Southern Italy have become entirely Italianized over the centuries, the Griko community has been able to preserve their original Greek identity, heritage, language and distinct culture, although exposure to mass media has progressively eroded their culture and language. The Griko people traditionally spoke Italiot Greek (the Griko or Calabrian dialects), which is a form of the Greek language. In recent years, the number of Griko who speak the Griko language has been greatly reduced; the younger Griko have rapidly shifted to Italian. Today, the Griko are Catholics.
The Gulf of Taranto (Italian: Golfo di Taranto, Latin: Sinus Tarentinus) is a gulf of the Ionian Sea, in Southern Italy.
Hannibal Barca (𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋 𐤁𐤓𐤒 ḥnb‘l brq; 247 – between 183 and 181 BC) was a Carthaginian general, considered one of the greatest military commanders in history.
Hanno was the name of several Carthaginian generals.
The Staufer, also known as the House of Staufen, or of Hohenstaufen, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254) during the Middle Ages.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
Homo erectus (meaning "upright man") is an extinct species of archaic humans that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
Ibycus (Ἴβυκος; fl. 2nd half of 6th century BC) was an Ancient Greek lyric poet, a citizen of Rhegium in Magna Graecia, probably active at Samos during the reign of the tyrant Polycrates and numbered by the scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria in the canonical list of nine lyric poets.
The Ionian Sea (Ιόνιο Πέλαγος,, Mar Ionio,, Deti Jon) is an elongated bay of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea.
Isola di Capo Rizzuto is a comune (municipality) in the province of Crotone, Calabria, Italy.
Italia Viaduct is a viaduct near Laino Borgo, Calabria, Italy.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.
Italus or Italos (from) was a legendary king of the Oenotrians, who were among the earliest inhabitants of Italy.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Joachim-Napoléon Murat (born Joachim Murat; Gioacchino Napoleone Murat; Joachim-Napoleon Murat; 25 March 1767 – 13 October 1815) was a Marshal of France and Admiral of France under the reign of Napoleon.
The Kingdom of Naples (Regnum Neapolitanum; Reino de Nápoles; Regno di Napoli) comprised that part of the Italian Peninsula south of the Papal States between 1282 and 1816.
The Kingdom of Sicily (Regnum Siciliae, Regno di Sicilia, Regnu di Sicilia, Regne de Sicília, Reino de Sicilia) was a state that existed in the south of the Italian peninsula and for a time Africa from its founding by Roger II in 1130 until 1816.
Krimisa, Crimisa or Crimissa was a small ancient city in Magna Graecia, probably originating in the 7th century BC, situated in Calabria in the region of Punto Alice.
La Sila, also simply Sila, is the name of the mountainous plateau and historic region located in Calabria, southern Italy.
Laüs or Laus (Λᾶος; Laos) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Lagane e cicciari (or lagane e cirici, lagane e ceci) is a dish from the Calabria region of southeastern mainland Italy.
Lamezia Terme, commonly called Lamezia, is an Italian city and comune of 70,452 inhabitants (2013) in the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region.
Lamezia Terme Centrale railway station (Stazione di Lamezia Terme Centrale) is the main railway station serving the city and comune of Lamezia Terme, in the Calabria region, Southern Italy.
Lamezia Terme International Airport (Aeroporto Internazionale di Lamezia Terme "Sant'Eufemia") is an airport in the Sant'Eufemia district of Lamezia Terme, Calabria, Italy.
The Lamezia Terme Town Library is located in the historic centre of the former village of Nicastro and more precisely in the Nicotera-Severisio historical building located in the Tommaso Campanella square.
The primary languages of Calabria are the standard Italian language as well as regional varieties of the Neapolitan and Sicilian languages, all collectively known as Calabrian (Italian: calabrese).
Leontius Pilatus, or Leontius (Leonzio Pilato; died 1366) (Latin: Leontius Pilatus, Greek: Λεόντιος Πιλάτος, Leontios Pilatos, Italian: Leonzio Pilato), was a Calabrian scholar and was one of the earliest promoters of Greek studies in Western Europe.
Liquorice (British English) or licorice (American English) is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra from which a sweet flavour can be extracted.
This is a list of the world's busiest container ports (ports with container terminals that specialize in handling goods transported in shipping containers) by total number of actual twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) transported through the port.
The monarchs of Sicily ruled from the establishment of the County of Sicily in 1071 until the "perfect fusion" in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in 1816.
Locri is a town and comune (municipality) in the province of Reggio Calabria, Calabria, southern Italy.
The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.
The Lucanians (Leukanoí; Lucani) were an Italic tribe living in Lucania, in what is now southern Italy, who spoke an Oscan language, a member of the Italic languages.
In Greek mythology, Lycaon (/laɪˈkeɪɒn/; Greek: Λυκάων) was a king of Arcadia, son of Pelasgus and Meliboea, who, in the most popular version of the myth, tested Zeus' omniscience by serving him the roasted flesh of Lycaon's own son Nyctimus, in order to see whether Zeus was truly all-knowing.
A mafia is a type of organized crime syndicate whose primary activities are protection racketeering, the arbitration of disputes between criminals, and the organizing and oversight of illegal agreements and transactions.
Magna Graecia (Latin meaning "Great Greece", Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás, Magna Grecia) was the name given by the Romans to the coastal areas of Southern Italy in the present-day regions of Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria and Sicily that were extensively populated by Greek settlers; particularly the Achaean settlements of Croton, and Sybaris, and to the north, the settlements of Cumae and Neapolis.
The Magna Græcia University of Catanzaro (Università degli studi Magna Græcia di Catanzaro) is a university located in Catanzaro, Italy.
Mammola is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about northeast of Reggio Calabria.
A march or mark was, in broad terms, a medieval European term for any kind of borderland, as opposed to a notional "heartland".
Mario Oliverio (b. San Giovanni in Fiore on January 4, 1953) is an Italian politician.
Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria), also referred to as Mediterranea University or University of Reggio Calabria, or simply UNIRC, is an Italian public research university, located in Reggio Calabria, Italy.
Mediterranean cuisine is the foods and methods of preparation by people of the Mediterranean Basin region.
Medma or Mesma (Greek: Μέδμη, Steph. B.; Μέδμα, Strabo, Scymn. Ch.; but Μέσμα on coins, and so Apollodorus of Damascus, cited by Steph. B.; Scylax has Μέσα, evidently a corruption for Μέσμα), was an ancient Greek city of Southern Italy (Magna Graecia), on the west coast of the Bruttian (now Calabrian) peninsula, between Hipponium and the mouth of the Metaurus (probably today's River Petrace).
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Milo of Croton (Greek: Μίλων, Mílōn; gen.: Μίλωνος, Mílōnos) was a 6th-century BC wrestler from the Magna Graecian city of Croton, who enjoyed a brilliant wrestling career and won many victories in the most important athletic festivals of ancient Greece.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Monasterace (Calabrian: Monaseraci) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about south of Catanzaro and about northeast of Reggio Calabria.
Montalto Uffugo (Calabrian: Muntàvutu) is a city and comune of the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Montauro (Calabrian: Mentràvu) is a comune and town in the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region of Italy.
Montepaone (Calabrian: Muntipaùna) is a town and comune of the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
The Municipality of Burwood is a local government area in the inner-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia (National Museum of Magna Græcia), Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Reggio Calabria (National Archaeological Museum of Reggio Calabria) or Palazzo Piacentini is a museum in Reggio Calabria, southern Italy, housing an archaeological collection from sites in Magna Graecia.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Neapolitan (autonym: (’o n)napulitano; napoletano) is a Romance language of the Italo-Dalmatian group spoken across much of southern Italy, except for southern Calabria and Sicily.
The Neogene (informally Upper Tertiary or Late Tertiary) is a geologic period and system that spans 20.45 million years from the end of the Paleogene Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the present Quaternary Period Mya.
Nicotera (Calabrian: Nicòtra; translit) is a comune (municipality) in the province of Vibo Valentia, Calabria, southern Italy.
Saint Nilus the Younger, (San Nilo di Rossano, Όσιος Νείλος, ο εκ Καλαβρίας. Αποστολική Διακονία της Εκκλησίας της Ελλάδος.), (910 – December 27, 1005), was a monk, abbot, and founder of Italo-Greek monasticism in southern Italy.
The Nine Lyric or Melic Poets were a canonical group of ancient Greek poets esteemed by the scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria as worthy of critical study.
Nocera Terinese is a town and comune of the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
Nossis (Νοσσίς) was a Hellenistic Greek poet from Locris in southern Italy.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
The Oenotrians ("tribe led by Oenotrus" or "people from the land of vines - Οἰνωτρία") were an ancient people of uncertain origin who inhabited a territory from Paestum to southern Calabria in southern Italy.
In Greek mythology, Oenotrus (Οἴνωτρος) was the youngest of fifty sons of Lycaon from Arcadia.
Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.
Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.
Oscan is an extinct Indo-European language of southern Italy.
The Ostrogothic Kingdom, officially the Kingdom of Italy (Latin: Regnum Italiae), was established by the Ostrogoths in Italy and neighbouring areas from 493 to 553.
The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).
Paestum was a major ancient Greek city on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Magna Graecia (southern Italy).
Palazzo Tommaso Campanella, mostly called Palazzo Campanella, is a major building in Reggio Calabria, Italy, as it is the seat of the Regional Council of Calabria (Consiglio Regionale della Calabria).
The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era (from the Greek palaios (παλαιός), "old" and zoe (ζωή), "life", meaning "ancient life") is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon.
Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.
Pallagorio (Puhëriu, Calabrese: Paragùriu) is a comune and town in the province of Crotone, in Calabria, Italy.
Palmi (Reggino: Pàrmi, Palmae) is a comune (municipality) of about 19,303 inhabitants in the province of Reggio Calabria in Calabria.
Pandosia (Πανδοσία) was an ancient city of Bruttium (now Calabria), Italy.
Paola (Calabrian: Pàula) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Papasidero is a village and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region, southern Italy.
Parghelia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about west of Vibo Valentia.
Pecorino is a family of hard Italian cheeses made from sheep's milk.
The Peloritani (Sicilian: Piluritani, Monti Peloritani) are a mountain range of north-eastern Sicily, in southern Italy, extending for some 65 km from Capo Peloro to the Nebrodi Mountains.
Petilia was a city name found in some ancient works of the classical antiquity.
Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was a scholar and poet of Renaissance Italy who was one of the earliest humanists.
Pignolata (Sicilian: Pignulata) is a Sicilian pastry, which originated in Messina and is also common in Calabria.
Pinus heldreichii (synonym P. leucodermis; family Pinaceae), the Heldreich’s pine or Bosnian pine, is a species of pine native to mountainous areas of the Balkans and southern Italy.
Pizzo (Calabrian: U Pìzzu), also called Pizzo Calabro, is a seaport and comune in the province of Vibo Valentia (Calabria, southern Italy), situated on a steep cliff overlooking the Gulf of Santa Eufemia.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
The Pollino (Italian: Massiccio del Pollino) is a massif in the southern Apennines, on the border between Calabria and Basilicata, southern Italy.
Pollino National Park (Italian: Parco Nazionale del Pollino) is a national park in southern Italy that straddles the regions of Basilicata and Calabria.
Pope Urban II (Urbanus II; – 29 July 1099), born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery, was Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099.
The Port of Gioia Tauro is the largest port in Italy for container throughput, the 9th in Europe and the 6th Mediterranean.
The Port of Reggio is a seaport in the Mediterranean Sea serving the city of Reggio di Calabria.
Praia a Mare is a town and comune of the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of Italy.
The province of Catanzaro (provincia di Catanzaro; Catanzarese: pruvincia e Catanzaru) is a province of the Calabria region of Italy.
The province of Cosenza (provincia di Cosenza; Cosentino: pruvincia i Cusenza) is a province in the Calabria region of Italy.
The province of Crotone (provincia di Crotone) is a province in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
The Province of Reggio Calabria (Provincia di Reggio Calabria) is a province in the Calabria region of Italy.
The province of Vibo Valentia (provincia di Vibo Valentia; Vibonese: pruvincia i Vibbu Valenzia) is a province in the Calabria region of southern Italy, set up by a national law of 6 March 1992 which came into effect on 1 January 1996, and formerly part of the Province of Catanzaro.
Punta del Faro is the northeastern promontory of Sicily situated in Messina province, northeast of the city of Messina.
Punta Pezzo is a point in Reggio Calabria, southern Italy.
Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher and the eponymous founder of the Pythagoreanism movement.
Ragusa (Sicilian: Rausa; Latin: Ragusia) is a city and comune in southern Italy.
Red onions, are cultivars of the onion (Allium cepa) with purplish red skin and white flesh tinged with red.
Reggio di Calabria (also; Reggino: Rìggiu, Bovesia Calabrian Greek: script; translit, Rhēgium), commonly known as Reggio Calabria or simply Reggio in Southern Italy, is the largest city and the most populated comune of Calabria, Southern Italy.
Reggio di Calabria "Tito Minniti" Airport, also known as Aeroporto dello Stretto (Airport of the Strait) is an airport located near Reggio, in southern Calabria, Italy.
The Regional Council of Calabria (Consiglio regionale della Calabria) is one of the twenty Regional Councils of Italy.
The regions of Italy (Italian: regioni) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy, constituting its second NUTS administrative level.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Renaissance humanism is the study of classical antiquity, at first in Italy and then spreading across Western Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
Rende is a town and comune in Calabria, southern Italy, home to the headquarters of the University of Calabria.
The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, People's Spring, Springtime of the Peoples, or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848.
The Riace bronzes (Italian Bronzi di Riace), also called the Riace Warriors, are two full-size Greek bronzes of naked bearded warriors, cast about 460–450 BC that were found in the sea near Riace in 1972.
Ricadi (translit) is a small rural town, as well as a municipality, located along the Tyrrhenian coast, in the province of Vibo Valentia), in the Italian region of Calabria.
Robert Guiscard (– 17 July 1085) was a Norman adventurer remembered for the conquest of southern Italy and Sicily.
Roccella Ionica (also known as Roccella Jonica or simply as Roccella (Roccollese: Rucceja) is a town and comune located on the Ionian Sea in Calabria, southern Italy. Possibly built on the site of the ancient Greek settlement of Amphissa, Roccella is probably best known for hosting a major annual jazz festival. It is a town on the sea and has lots of people there in the summer for beach vacations.
Roger I (– 22 June 1101), nicknamed Roger Bosso and The Great Count, was a Norman nobleman who became the first Count of Sicily from 1071 to 1101.
Roger II (22 December 1095Houben, p. 30. – 26 February 1154) was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon.
The Italian Catholic Diocese of Locri-Gerace (Dioecesis Locrensis-Hieracensis) is in Calabria. It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria-Bova. Historically it was the Diocese of Gerace, becoming in 1954 the Diocese of Gerace-Locri and taking the current name in 1986. Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 8, 2016 GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romanization or Latinization (or Romanisation or Latinisation), in the historical and cultural meanings of both terms, indicate different historical processes, such as acculturation, integration and assimilation of newly incorporated and peripheral populations by the Roman Republic and the later Roman Empire.
Rosarno is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region of Calabria.
Roseto Capo Spulico is a town and comune of the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Rossano is a town and frazione of Corigliano-Rossano in the province of Cosenza, Calabria, southern Italy.
Salento (Salentu in the Salentino dialect) is a geographic region at the southern end of the administrative region of Apulia in Southern Italy.
Salerno (Salernitano: Salierne) is a city and comune in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name.
Samo (Calabrian: Samu) is a small town and comune located in the Province of Reggio Calabria, southern Italy.
San Giovanni in Fiore (Calabrian: Sangiuvanni) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
San Marco Argentano is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
San Nicola Arcella is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Santa Maria del Cedro is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza, Calabria, Italy.
Santo Stefano in Aspromonte is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about northeast of Reggio Calabria.
"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.
Scalea (Calabrian: Scalìa) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Scidrus, also known as Skidros (Σκίδρος), was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Lucania, on the Tyrrhenian Sea, between Pyxus (Buxentum) and Laüs.
Scilla (Squill) is a genus of about 50 to 80 bulb-forming perennial herbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, native to woodlands, subalpine meadows, and seashores throughout Europe, Africa and the Middle-East.
Scilla (archaic Calabrian: U Scigghiju) is a town and comune in Calabria, Italy, administratively part of the Province of Reggio Calabria.
Scyllaeum (Greek: τὸ Σκύλλαιον) was a promontory, and ancient town or fortress, on the west coast of Bruttium (modern Calabria), about 25 km north of Rhegium (Reggio di Calabria), and almost exactly at the entrance of the Sicilian strait.
Scylletium or Scolacium was an ancient seaside city in Calabria, southern Italy.
Sellia Marina is a town and comune in the province of Catanzaro, in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Seminara is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about northeast of Reggio Calabria.
Serra San Bruno (Calabrian: La Serra) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about southeast of Vibo Valentia.
Sfalassà Viaduct is a 254 metre high viaduct near Bagnara Calabra, Calabria, Italy.
Sibari is an Italian frazione of the comune (municipality) of Cassano allo Ionio.
The Sicilian Vespers (Vespri siciliani; Vespiri siciliani) is the name given to the successful rebellion on the island of Sicily that broke out at Easter, 1282 against the rule of the French-born king Charles I, who had ruled the Kingdom of Sicily since 1266.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Siderno (Calabrian: Sidernu or Siderni) is a town and comune located in Calabria, Italy about 3 kilometres from Locri.
Sila National Park was established in 1997 and covers about 74,000 ha in Calabria.
Soppressata is an Italian dry salami.
Southern Italy or Mezzogiorno (literally "midday") is a macroregion of Italy traditionally encompassing the territories of the former Kingdom of the two Sicilies (all the southern section of the Italian Peninsula and Sicily), with the frequent addition of the island of Sardinia.
Soverato (Calabrian: Suvaràtu) is a town and comune in the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region of Southern Italy.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Spezzano della Sila (Calabrian: Spezzànu or Spezzànu Rànnë) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza, in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Squillace (Σκυλλήτιον Skylletion; Σκυλάκιον Skylakion) is an ancient seaside town and comune, in the Province of Catanzaro, part of Calabria, southern Italy, facing the Gulf of Squillace.
Stalettì is a town and comune in the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Stesichorus (Στησίχορος, Stēsikhoros; c. 630 – 555 BC) was the first great lyric poet of the West.
Stilo (Calabrian: Stilu; lit) is a town and comune in the province of Reggio Calabria, in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
The Strait of Messina (Stretto di Messina), is a narrow strait between the eastern tip of Sicily (Punta del Faro) and the western tip of Calabria (Punta Pezzo) in the south of Italy.
The Strait of Messina Bridge is a long-planned suspension bridge across the Strait of Messina, a narrow section of water between the eastern tip of Sicily and the southern tip of mainland Italy, specifically between north Messina's Torre Faro and Villa San Giovanni.
Strongoli is a comune and town with a population of over 6000 people in the province of Crotone, in Calabria, southernmost Italy.
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
Swordfish (Xiphias gladius), also known as broadbills in some countries, are large, highly migratory, predatory fish characterized by a long, flat bill.
Sybaris (Σύβαρις; Sibari) was an important city of Magna Graecia.
Taranto (early Tarento from Tarentum; Tarantino: Tarde; translit; label) is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy.
Temesa (Τεμέση or Τεμέσα), later called Tempsa, was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the shore of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Terina (Τερίνα) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the north shore of the Gulf of Saint Euphemia, about from Lamezia Terme in Calabria.
The City of the Sun (La città del Sole; Civitas Solis) is a philosophical work by the Italian Dominican philosopher Tommaso Campanella.
Thurii (Thoúrioi), called also by some Latin writers Thurium (compare Θούριον in Ptolemy), for a time also Copia and Copiae, was a city of Magna Graecia, situated on the Tarentine gulf, within a short distance of the site of Sybaris, whose place it may be considered as having taken.
Tommaso Campanella OP (5 September 1568 – 21 May 1639), baptized Giovanni Domenico Campanella, was a Dominican friar, Italian philosopher, theologian, astrologer, and poet.
Tropea (ancient Trapeia; Tropaea; translit; Calabrian: Trupìa) is a municipality located within the province of Vibo Valentia, in Calabria (southern Italy).
The Tyrrhenian Sea (Mar Tirreno, Mer Tyrrhénienne, Mare Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu, Mare Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.
The Università per stranieri Dante Alighieri di Reggio Calabria, often simply abbreviated as "Unistrad" is a private university founded in 2007 in Reggio Calabria, Italy.
The University of Calabria (Università della Calabria, UNICAL) is a state-run university in Italy.
Vibo Valentia (Monteleone before 1861; Monteleone di Calabria from 1961 to 1928; Calabrian: Vibbu Valenzia or Muntalauni) is a city and comune (municipality) in the Calabria region of southern Italy, near the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Vino Greco is the name of a wine style which originated, at least 2,150 years ago, as an Italian imitation of the sweet, strong Greek wines that were exported to Italy at the period of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
Zaleucus (Ζάλευκος; fl. 7th century BC) was the Greek lawgiver of Epizephyrian Locri, in Italy, said to have devised the first written Greek law code, the Locrian Code.
Zambrone (Calabrian: Zambrònë) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about northwest of Vibo Valentia.
The 1783 Calabrian earthquakes were a sequence of five strong earthquakes that hit the region of Calabria in southern Italy (then part of the Kingdom of Naples), the first two of which produced significant tsunamis.
Striking southern Italy on September 8, the 1905 Calabria earthquake had a moment magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).
The 1908 Messina earthquake (also known as the 1908 Messina and Reggio earthquake) occurred on 28 December in Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy with a moment magnitude of 7.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).