55 relations: Alkali, Aluminium oxide, Autoclaved aerated concrete, Barium oxide, Base anhydride, Basic oxygen steelmaking, Beryllium oxide, Calcination, Calcite, Calcium carbonate, Calcium hydroxide, Calcium sulfide, Carbon dioxide, Cement, Chemical compound, Corrosive substance, Crystal, Cubic crystal system, David Hume, Desiccant, Diethyl ether, Energy, Flue-gas desulfurization, Greek fire, Heat, Henry III of England, Hispania, Iron(III) oxide, Joule, Lime (material), Lime kiln, Lime mortar, Lime plaster, Lime-ash floor, Limelight, Limestone, Magnesium oxide, Manchester Times, Octanol, Pascal (unit), Pearson symbol, Phenolphthalein, Plaster, Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, Quintus Sertorius, Seashell, Self-heating can, Silica gel, Silicon dioxide, Spontaneous process, ..., Strontium oxide, Sulfur dioxide, The History of England (Hume), Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, United States Geological Survey. Expand index (5 more) » « Shrink index
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.
Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC), also known as autoclaved cellular concrete (ACC), autoclaved lightweight concrete (ALC), autoclaved concrete, cellular concrete, porous concrete, Aircrete, Hebel Block, and Ytong is a lightweight, precast, foam concrete building material invented in the mid-1920s that simultaneously provides structure, insulation, and fire- and mold-resistance.
Barium oxide, BaO, is a white hygroscopic non-flammable compound.
A base anhydride is an oxide of a chemical element from group 1 or 2 (the alkali metals and alkaline earth metals, respectively).
Basic oxygen steelmaking (BOS, BOP, BOF, or OSM), also known as Linz–Donawitz-steelmaking or the oxygen converter processBrock and Elzinga, p. 50.
Beryllium oxide (BeO), also known as beryllia, is an inorganic compound with the formula BeO.
The IUPAC defines calcination as "heating to high temperatures in air or oxygen".
Calcite is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3).
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2.
Calcium sulfide is the chemical compound with the formula CaS.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A corrosive substance is one that will destroy and damage other substances with which it comes into contact.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
In crystallography, the cubic (or isometric) crystal system is a crystal system where the unit cell is in the shape of a cube.
David Hume (born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.
A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity; it is the opposite of a humectant.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
Flue-gas desulfurization (FGD) is a set of technologies used to remove sulfur dioxide from exhaust flue gases of fossil-fuel power plants, and from the emissions of other sulfur oxide emitting processes (e.g trash incineration).
Greek fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire that was first developed.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.
Iron(III) oxide or ferric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Fe2O3.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
Lime is a calcium-containing inorganic mineral in which oxides, and hydroxides predominate.
A lime kiln is a kiln used for the calcination of limestone (calcium carbonate) to produce the form of lime called quicklime (calcium oxide).
Lime mortar is composed of lime and an aggregate such as sand, mixed with water.
Lime plaster is a type of plaster composed of sand, water, and lime, usually non-hydraulic hydrated lime (also known as slaked lime, high calcium lime or air lime).
Lime-ash floors were an economic form of floor construction from the 15th century to the 19th century, for upper floors in parts of England where limestone or chalk were easily available.
Limelight (also known as Drummond light or calcium light)James R. Smith (2004) San Francisco's Lost Landmarks, Quill Driver Books.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Magnesium oxide (MgO), or magnesia, is a white hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium (see also oxide).
The Manchester Times was a weekly newspaper published in Manchester, England, from 1828 to 1922.
Octanols are alcohols with the formula C8H17OH.
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength.
The Pearson symbol, or Pearson notation, is used in crystallography as a means of describing a crystal structure, and was originated by W.B. Pearson.
Phenolphthalein is a chemical compound with the formula C20H14O4 and is often written as "HIn" or "phph" in shorthand notation.
Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.
Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) is a Neolithic culture centered in upper Mesopotamia.
Quintus Sertorius (c. 123–72 BC).
A seashell or sea shell, also known simply as a shell, is a hard, protective outer layer created by an animal that lives in the sea.
A Self-heating can is an enhancement of the common food can.
Silica gel is an amorphous and porous form of silicon dioxide (silica), consisting of an irregular tridimensional framework of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms with nanometer-scale voids and pores.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
A spontaneous process is the time-evolution of a system in which it releases free energy and it moves to a lower, more thermodynamically stable energy state.
Strontium oxide or strontia, SrO, is formed when strontium reacts with oxygen.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
The History of England (1754–61) is David Hume's great work on the history of England, which he wrote in installments while he was librarian to the Faculty of Advocates in Edinburgh.
Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry is a reference work related to industrial chemistry published in English and German.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.