846 relations: Abies magnifica, Acacia, Academic Press, Active duty, Adaptive radiation, Aerospace manufacturer, Afghan American, African American, African immigration to the United States, Alaska, Alaska Natives, Albanian American, Alien (law), Almond, Alpine climate, Alta California, Altamont Corridor Express, Altamont Pass Wind Farm, Amadis de Gaula, Amazons, American black bear, American bushtit, American Community Survey, American English, American ethnicity, American football, American Jewish Year Book, American Jews, Americans, Amtrak California, Anaheim Ducks, Antelope, Apache, Appalachia, Appellate court, Aquilegia flavescens, Arab American, Arabic, Arabis blepharophylla, Arbutus, Arizona, Armenian American, Armenian language, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Arroyo Seco Parkway, Asia, Asian American, Association football, Association of Religion Data Archives, Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac Americans, ..., Aster (genus), Australian American, Austrian American, Azalea, ‘Aziziya, Badwater 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Department of Transportation, California English, California executive branch, California exodus, California gnatcatcher, California Gold Rush, California grizzly bear, California gubernatorial recall election, California High-Speed Rail, California Highway Patrol, California Institute of Technology, California Insurance Commissioner, California least tern, California locations by income, California Master Plan for Higher Education, California National Guard, California Proposition 13 (1978), California Proposition 14 (2010), California Proposition 22 (2000), California Proposition 227 (1998), California Proposition 30 (2012), California Proposition 71 (2004), California Proposition 8 (2008), California Proposition 98 (1988), California quail, California red-legged frog, California slender salamander, California State Assembly, California State Controller, California State Legislature, California State Library, California State Military Reserve, California State Senate, California State Superintendent of Public Instruction, California State Tartan, California State Treasurer, California State University, California State Water Project, California superior courts, California thrasher, California Trail, California unemployment statistics, California Water Wars, California's congressional districts, Californio, Caltrain, Calvatia sculpta, Cambodian American, Canadian American, Cantonese, Cape Verdean American, Capital punishment in California, Cascade Range, Castro District, San Francisco, Catholic Church, Ceanothus, Celtic diaspora, Center of population, Central California, Central Valley (California), Central Valley Project, Centrism, Chamorro people, Channel Islands of California, Charter city, Cherokee, China, Chinese Americans, Chinese language, Choctaw, Chumash people, Civil law (legal system), Claremont Colleges, Clark's nutcracker, Clear Lake (California), Climate of Los Angeles, Coast Guard Island, Coastal California, Coaster (commuter rail), Cold War, Colorado, Colorado River, Common law, Community college, Community property, Commuter rail, Comparison between U.S. states and countries by GDP (nominal), Compromise of 1850, Congressional Research Service, Constitution of California, Consul (representative), Contiguous United States, Controlled-access highway, Cordylanthus maritimus, Corporate services, Cougar, County (United States), Cream, Croatian American, Crotalus cerastes, Culture of the United States, Cutthroat trout, Cypriot American, Cytisus scoparius, Czech American, Czechoslovakia, Danish American, Davis, California, Daylight saving time, De facto, De jure, Death row, Death Valley, Decline to State, Defense industry, Delphinium variegatum, Democratic Party (United States), Demographics of California, Desert, Desert tortoise, Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Dianne Feinstein, Dipper, Dodecatheon alpinum, Donner Pass, Dot-com bubble, Douglas fir, Dudleya traskiae, Dusky-footed woodrat, Dutch American, Dutch West Indian American, Eastern California, Eastern Europe, Ecoregion, Ed Castillo, Eel River (California), Effects of the car on societies, Egyptian American, Electoral College (United States), Endangered language, Endemism, English American, English language, Epimedium, Erysimum capitatum, Eschscholzia californica, Escondido, California, Estonian American, Ethiopian American, Eucalyptus, Eureka (word), European American, Executive (government), Feather River, Filipino Americans, Finance, Finnish American, First language, First Transcontinental Railroad, Flag of California, Flood, Florida, Fog, Fort Irwin National Training Center, Fort Ross, California, Four Level Interchange, France, Francis Drake, Frederic M. 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Perry, Horned lizard, Huckleberry, Hungarian American, Hydroelectricity, I Love You, California, Ice hockey, Icelandic American, Illegal immigrant population of the United States, Illegal immigration, Illegal immigration to the United States, Immigration to the United States, Imperial County, California, Imperial Valley, Income tax, Independent politician, Index of California-related articles, India, Indian Americans, Indigenous peoples of California, Indigenous peoples of Mexico, Inglewood, California, Initiative, Inland Empire, Interwar period, Introduced species, Invasive species, Iranian American, Iraqi American, Irish American, Irreligion, Isaac Graham, Islam, ISO 3166, Israeli American, Italian American, Jamaican American, Japan, Japanese Americans, Japanese language, Jeffrey pine, Jerry Brown, John D. 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United States, List of regions of California, List of the world's busiest airports by passenger traffic, List of U.S. state abbreviations, List of U.S. states and territories by area, List of U.S. states and territories by population, List of U.S. states by coastline, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, List of U.S. states by GDP per capita, List of United States cities by population, Lithuanian American, Loggerhead shrike, Long Beach, California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Los Angeles Aqueduct, Los Angeles Clippers, Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Los Angeles County, California, Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles FC, Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles Kings, Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles metropolitan area, Los Angeles Sparks, Luxembourg American, Lyonothamnus, Macedonian American, Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, Major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada, Majority minority, Maltese American, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, Manila galleon, Manzanita, Marin County, California, Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Mediterranean climate, Metrolink (Southern California), Metropolitan area, Mexican War of Independence, Mexican–American War, Mexico, Michigan, Microclimate, Midway-Sunset Oil Field, Migrant worker, Military service, Milk, Minimum wage, Minnesota, Missionary, Modern Language Association, Modern liberalism in the United States, Mojave Desert, Mojave River, Mono Lake, Monterey Bay, Monterey County, California, Monterey, California, Mormons, Moroccan American, Morro Bay kangaroo rat, Morro Bay, California, Mount Shasta, Mount Whitney, Mountain beaver, Mountain weasel, Mule deer, Multiracial American, Municipal corporation, Napa County, California, Nassella pulchra, National Basketball Association, National Football League, National Hockey League, Native Americans in the United States, Native Hawaiians, Navajo people, Naval Air Station North Island, Nearctic ecozone, Nemophila, Net migration rate, Nevada, New Mexico, New Spain, New York, New Zealand American, Nigerian American, Non-Hispanic whites, North American Vertical Datum of 1988, North Coast (California), Northeast Corridor, Northern California, Northern Europe, Northern flicker, Northern spotted owl, Norwegian American, Notholithocarpus, Nuclear power, Nuclear-free zone, Oakland Athletics, Oakland Raiders, Oakland, California, Oenothera deltoides subsp. howellii, Official language, Old Spanish Trail (trade route), Orange County, California, Orange, California, Orders of magnitude (numbers), Oregon, Oregon Trail, Oroville Dam, Outline of California, Overgrazing, Overseas Filipinos, Owens Valley, Owl, Oxford University Press, Pacific Coast Ranges, Pacific Islander, Pacific Islands American, Pacific Ocean, Pacific Time Zone, Paiute cutthroat trout, Palestinian American, Palisade Glacier, Pasadena, California, Path 15, Path 46, Path 66, Pío 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Forces, Ring of Fire, Ring-tailed cat, Roadrunner, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco, Romanian American, Roosevelt elk, Rose Bowl (stadium), Rose Bowl Game, Rowman & Littlefield, Russian America, Russian American, Russian Empire, Russian language, Russian River (California), Rusyn American, Sacramento Kings, Sacramento metropolitan area, Sacramento Regional Transit District, Sacramento River, Sacramento Valley, Sacramento, California, Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, Salinan people, Salinas River (California), Salt marsh harvest mouse, Salton Sea, Samoans, San Andreas Fault, San Benito County, California, San Diego, San Diego Chargers, San Diego County, California, San Diego Padres, San Diego Trolley, San Diego Union-Tribune, San Francisco, San Francisco 49ers, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco Bay Area, San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco garter snake, San Francisco Giants, San Francisco International Airport, San Francisco Municipal Railway, San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge, San Gorgonio Pass Wind Farm, San Joaquin (soil), San Joaquin River, San Joaquin Valley, San Jose Earthquakes, San Jose Sharks, San Jose, California, San Mateo County, California, San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Santa Ana River, Santa Ana winds, Santa Clara County, California, Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority light rail, Santa Clara, California, Santa Cruz Island, São Paulo (state), Scandinavian American, Schinus, School district, Scotch-Irish American, Scottish American, Sebastián Vizcaíno, Secondary education in the United States, Secretary of State of California, Secularization, Senegalese American, Separation of powers, Sequoia National Park, Sequoia sempervirens, Sequoiadendron giganteum, Serbian American, Serpentine group, Shasta Dam, Sierra Leonean American, Sierra Nevada (U.S.), Silicon Valley, Simi Valley, California, Siskiyou Trail, Slave and free states, Slavery in the United States, Slavic Americans, Slovak American, Slovene American, Smilodon, Snowshoe hare, Social programs in the United States, Solar Energy Generating Systems, Solar power, Somali American, South African American, South Coast (California), Southern Baptist Convention, Southern California, Soviet people, Spanish Empire, Spanish language, Spanish missions in California, Special district, Special-purpose district, Sprinter (light rail), Square dance, Squaw Valley Ski Resort, St. Francis Dam, Stack interchange, Standard Chinese, Stanford Stadium, Stanford University, Stanford University Press, State Bar of California, State school, Steller's jay, Stem cell, Student, Studio system, Subarctic climate, Subtropics, Sudanese American, Summer Olympic Games, Super Bowl, Super Bowl 50, Supreme Court of California, Supreme Court of the United States, Swedish American, Swiss American, Syrian American, Tagalog language, Taiwanese Americans, Tax bracket, Tax resistance, Technology, Tehachapi Mountains, Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm, Temperate climate, Term limit, Texas, The Beach Boys, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The New York Times Company, The Press-Enterprise, Thomas O. Larkin, Timeline of the far future, Tomales Bay, Towhee, Townsend's solitaire, Traffic congestion, Transverse Ranges, Treaty of Cahuenga, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Trial court, Tribune Media, Trillium, Trinidadian and Tobagonian American, Trinity River (California), Tsunami, Tuctoria mucronata, Tulip, Tuolumne River, Turkish American, U.S. Route 66 in California, U.S. state, Ugandan American, Ukrainian American, Umbellularia, Unincorporated area, United Kingdom, United States, United States Air Force, United States Army, United States Census Bureau, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of Defense, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Geological Survey, United States House of Representatives, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, United States presidential election, 1960, United States presidential election, 1964, United States presidential election, 1968, United States presidential election, 1972, United States presidential election, 1976, United States presidential election, 1980, United States presidential election, 1984, United States presidential election, 1988, United States presidential election, 1992, United States presidential election, 1996, United States presidential election, 2000, United States presidential election, 2004, United States presidential election, 2008, United States presidential election, 2012, United States Senate, University of California, University of California Press, University of Nebraska Press, University of Southern California, Utah, UTC−07:00, UTC−08:00, Vallejo, California, Vietnam War, Vietnamese American, Vietnamese language, Viola (plant), Virgin Islands American, Volcano, Vowel shift, Washington, D.C., Welsh American, West Coast of the United States, West Coast Swing, West Hollywood, California, West Indian American, Western Hemisphere, White American, White Mountains (California), White seabass, White-tailed jackrabbit, Whiz Kids (Department of Defense), Wildfire, William B. Ide, Wind power in California, Wisconsin, Women's National Basketball Association, World Meteorological Organization, World War II, Wyoming, Yellowfin tuna, Yerba Buena Island, Yosemite National Park, Yosemite Valley, Yucca brevifolia, Yugoslav American, Zerene eurydice, Zimbabwean American, 110th United States Congress, 114th United States Congress, 1906 San Francisco earthquake, 1932 Summer Olympics, 1960 Winter Olympics, 1984 Summer Olympics, 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, 2010 United States Census. Expand index (796 more) » « Shrink index
Abies magnifica, the Red fir or silvertip fir, is a western North American fir, native to the mountains of southwest Oregon and California in the United States.
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Acacia, known commonly as acacia, thorntree, whistling thorn, or wattle, is a genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae, described by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1773 based on the African species Acacia nilotica.
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Academic Press is an academic book publisher.
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Active duty refers to a full-time occupation as part of a military force, as opposed to reserve duty.
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In evolutionary biology, adaptive radiation is a process in which organisms diversify rapidly into a multitude of new forms, particularly when a change in the environment makes new resources available, creates new challenges, or opens new environmental niches.
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An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft.
Afghan Americans are Americans of Afghan heritage or Americans who originated from Afghanistan.
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African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.
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African immigration to the United States refers to immigrants to the United States who are or were nationals of Africa.
Alaska is a U.S. state situated in the northwest extremity of the North American continent.
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Alaska Natives are indigenous peoples of Alaska, United States: Iñupiat, Yupik, Aleut, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and a number of Northern Athabaskan cultures.
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Albanian Americans (Shqiptaro-Amerikan) are Americans of full or partial Albanian ancestry.
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In law, an alien is a person who resides within the borders of a country and is not a national of that country, though definitions and terminology differs to some degree.
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The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis, Amygdalus dulcis) (or badam in Indian English, from بادام) is a species of tree native to the Middle East and South Asia.
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Alpine climate is the average weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line.
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Alta California (Upper California) was created as a separate province in 1804 out of the northern part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain province of Las Californias.
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The Altamont Corridor Express (reporting mark HTSX; formerly the Altamont Commuter Express) also known as ACE, pronounced "ace") is a commuter rail service in California connecting Stockton and San Jose. It is named for the Altamont Pass, through which it runs. The service began October 19, 1998, with two trains each way, weekdays only. In November 2009 three trains a day each way began, and four trains a day in September 2012. There are ten stops along the route; travel time is about 2 hours and 10 minutes end-to-end. The tracks are owned by Union Pacific. ACE uses Bombardier BiLevel Coaches and MPI F40PH-3C locomotives. Service is managed by the San Joaquin Regional Rail Commission and operations are contracted to Herzog Transit Services, using AAR assigned reporting marks HTSX., average weekday ridership is 3,700.American Public Transportation Association,, Third Quarter 2008. ACE has explored the possibility of expanding on two lines—a Modesto-Sacramento line, and a Stockton-Pittsburg line., ACE website, access date July 22, 2008.
The Altamont Pass Wind Farm is located in the Altamont Pass of the Diablo Range in Central California.
Amadis de Gaula (original Old Spanish and Galician-Portuguese spelling; Amadís de Gaula,; Amadis de Gaula,; "Amadis of Gaul") is a landmark work among the chivalric romances which were in vogue in sixteenth-century Spain, although its first version, much revised before printing, was written at the onset of the 14th century.
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In Greek mythology, the Amazons (Ἀμαζόνες,, singular Ἀμαζών) were a race of woman warriors.
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The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.
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The American bushtit (Psaltriparus minimus) is the only species in the family Aegithalidae found in the New World, and the only member of the genus Psaltriparus.
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The American Community Survey (ACS) is an ongoing statistical survey by the U.S. Census Bureau.
American English, or United States (U.S.) English, is the set of dialects of the English language native to the United States.
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American ethnicity refers to people who self-identify their ethnicity as "American" and not as a more specific ancestry such as German American or Irish American.
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American football (referred to as football in the United States and Canada, also known as gridiron elsewhere) is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
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The American Jewish Year Book (AJYB) has been published since 1899.
American Jews, also known as Jewish Americans, are American citizens who are Jews, either by religion, ancestry, or both.
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Americans are citizens of the United States of America.
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Amtrak California is a brand name used by the Caltrans Division of Rail on two state-supported Amtrak rail routes within the U.S. State of California, the Pacific Surfliner and the San Joaquin.
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The Anaheim Ducks are a professional ice hockey team based in Anaheim, California, United States.
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An antelope is a member of a number of even-toed ungulate species indigenous to various regions in Africa and Eurasia.
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Apache is the collective term for several culturally related groups of Native American tribes originally from the Southwestern United States.
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Appalachia is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama, Mississippi, and Georgia.
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An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals (American English), appeal court (British English), court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.
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Aquilegia flavescens (Yellow Columbine) is a wildflower native to mountain meadows, open woods, and alpine slopes of the Rocky Mountains from Utah north to British Columbia and Alberta.
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Arab Americans (عرب أمريكا `Arab Amrīkā) are Americans of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity, who identify themselves as Arab.
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Arabic (العَرَبِية, or عربي,عربى) is the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century and its modern descendants excluding Maltese.
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Arabis blepharophylla is a species of rock cress known by the common names Coast rock cress and Rose rock cress.
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Arbutus is a genus of at least 14 species of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae, native to warm temperate regions of the Mediterranean, western Europe, and North America.
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Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States.
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Armenian Americans (ամերիկահայեր) are citizens or residents of the United States who have total or partial Armenian ancestry.
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The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians.
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Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, model, producer, director, activist, businessman, investor, writer, philanthropist, former professional bodybuilder, and politician.
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The Arroyo Seco Parkway, formerly known as the Pasadena Freeway, is the first freeway in the Western United States.
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Asia is the Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres.
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Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
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The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) is a free source of online information related to American and international religion.
Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac Americans may refer to people born in or residing in the United States of full or partial Assyrian origin.
Aster is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae.
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Australian Americans are Americans who identify with an Australian ancestry.
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Austrian Americans (German: Austroamerikaner) are European Americans of Austrian descent.
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Azaleas are flowering shrubs in the genus Rhododendron, particularly the former sections Tsutsuji (evergreen) and Pentanthera (deciduous).
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‘Aziziya (Anglicized:; العزيزية / /), sometimes spelled El Azizia, is a small town and it was the capital of the Jafara district in northwestern Libya, southwest of the capital Tripoli.
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Badwater Basin is an endorheic basin in Death Valley National Park, Death Valley, Inyo County, California, noted as the lowest point in North America, with an elevation of below sea level.
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Bahamian Americans are Americans of Bahamian ancestry.
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Baja California, officially Free and Sovereign State of Baja California (Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California), is a state in Mexico. It is the northernmost and westernmost of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Before becoming a state in 1953, the area was known as the North Territory of Baja California (El Territorio Norte de Baja California). It has an area of, or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico and comprises the northern half of the Baja California Peninsula, north of the 28th parallel, plus oceanic Guadalupe Island. The mainland portion of the state is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Sonora, the U.S. State of Arizona, and the Gulf of California (also known as the "Sea of Cortez"), and on the south by Baja California Sur. Its northern limit is the U.S. state of California. The state has a population of 2,844,469 (2005 census), and estimated 3,165,776 (June 2009) much more than the sparsely populated Baja California Sur to the south, and similar to San Diego County, California on its north. Over 75% of the population lives in the capital city, Mexicali, in Ensenada, or in Tijuana. Other important cities include San Felipe, Rosarito and Tecate. The population of the state is composed of Mestizos, mostly immigrants from other parts of Mexico, and, as with most northern Mexican states, a large population of Mexicans of European ancestry, and also a large minority group of East Asian, Middle Eastern and indigenous descent. Additionally, there is a large immigrant population from the United States due to its proximity to San Diego and the cheaper cost of living compared to San Diego. There is also a significant population from Central America. Many immigrants moved to Baja California for a better quality of life and the number of higher paying jobs in comparison to the rest of Mexico and Latin America. Baja California is the twelfth largest state by area in Mexico. Its geography ranges from beaches to forests and deserts. The backbone of the state is the Sierra de Baja California, where the Picacho del Diablo, the highest point of the peninsula, is located. This mountain range effectively divides the weather patterns in the state. In the northwest, the weather is semi-dry and mediterranean. In the narrow center, the weather changes to be more humid due to altitude. It is in this area where a few valleys can be found, such as the Valle de Guadalupe, the major wine producing area in Mexico. To the east of the mountain range, the Sonoran Desert dominates the landscape. In the south, the weather becomes drier and gives way to the Vizcaino Desert. The state is also home to numerous islands off both of its shores. In fact, the westernmost point in Mexico, the Guadalupe Island, is part of Baja California. The Coronado, Todos Santos and Cedros Islands are also on the Pacific Shore. On the Gulf of California, the biggest island is the Angel de la Guarda, separated from the peninsula by the deep and narrow Canal de Ballenas.
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The Baja California Peninsula (Lower California Peninsula, Península de Baja California) is a peninsula in northwestern Mexico.
Bakersfield is a city in Southern California, United States near the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley in Kern County.
Barbadian (or Bajan) Americans are Americans of Barbadian heritage or ancestry.
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Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is the junior United States Senator from California (since 1993).
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The barracuda is a ray-finned fish known for its large size and fearsome appearance.
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Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of nine players each who take turns batting and fielding.
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Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court.
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Basque Americans (euskal estatubatuarrak) are Americans of Basque descent.
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Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) is a rapid transit system serving the San Francisco Bay Area.
Beale Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately east of Marysville, California.
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Belgian Americans are Americans who are of Belgian descent.
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Belizean Americans are Americans who are of Belizean ancestry.
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Bell's sparrow (Artemisiospiza belli) is a medium-sized sparrow of the western United States and northwestern Mexico.
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Benicia is a waterside city in Solano County, California, United States.
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Benitoite (pronounced) is a rare blue barium titanium silicate mineral, found in hydrothermally altered serpentinite.
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Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California, United States.
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Bermudian Americans are Americans of full or partial Bermudian ancestry.
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Big Sur is a sparsely populated region of the Central Coast of California where the Santa Lucia Mountains rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean.
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The bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) is a species of sheep native to North America named for its large horns.
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Bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.
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Bixby Creek Bridge, also known as Bixby Bridge, is a reinforced concrete open-spandrel arch bridge in Big Sur, California.
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Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other given populations.
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Two forms of black-tailed deer or blacktail deer that occupy coastal temperate rainforests in the Pacific Northwest are subspecies of the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus).
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The bobcat (Lynx rufus) is a North American mammal of the cat family Felidae that appeared during the Irvingtonian stage of around 1.8 million years ago (AEO).
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Boca is a former settlement in Nevada County, California.
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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
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Brazilian Americans (brasílio-americanos, norte-americanos de origem brasileira or estadunidenses de origem brasileira) are Americans who are of full or partial Brazilian ancestry.
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A bristlecone pine can refer to one of three species of pine trees (family Pinaceae, genus Pinus, subsection Balfourianae).
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British Americans are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in the United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland).
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British people, or Britons, are the indigenous people or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies; and their descendants.
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The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to BWI, are now the British Overseas Territories in the Caribbean, Anguilla, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, and Montserrat.
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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").
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Bulgarian Americans are Americans of Bulgarian descent.
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The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides important economic statistics including the gross domestic product of the United States.
A bus (plural "buses",, archaically also omnibus, multibus, or autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
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Business Insider is an American business, celebrity and technology news website launched in February 2009 and based in New York City.
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Buttonwillow is a census-designated place (CDP) in the San Joaquin Valley, in Kern County, California, United States.
The cactus wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus) is a species of wren that is native to the southwestern United States southwards to central Mexico.
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Cajuns (les Cadiens or Les Cadiens or les Acadiens) are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana, consisting of the descendants of Acadian exiles (French-speakers from Acadia in what are now The Maritimes of Eastern Canada).
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Calafia is a fictional warrior queen who ruled over a kingdom of Black women living on the mythical Island of California.
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The Governor Edmund G. Brown California Aqueduct is a system of canals, tunnels, and pipelines that conveys water collected from the Sierra Nevada Mountains and valleys of Northern and Central California to Southern California.
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The California Attorney General is the State Attorney General of California.
In California, a ballot proposition can be a referendum or an initiative measure that is submitted to the electorate for a direct decision or direct vote (or plebiscite).
The California Cadet Corps (CACC), originally called the California High School Cadets, is a paramilitary youth organization in California open for students in the college, high school, middle school and elementary school grades.
The California Coastal Commission is a state agency in the U.S. state of California with quasi-judicial regulatory oversight over land use and public access in the California coastal zone.
The California Community Colleges System (CCCS) consists of 113 community colleges in 72 community college districts in the U.S. state of California.
The California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) is a New World vulture, the largest North American land bird.
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The California courts of appeal are the state intermediate appellate courts in the U.S. state of California.
The California Current is a Pacific Ocean current that moves southward along the western coast of North America, beginning off southern British Columbia, and ending off southern Baja California.
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The California Department of Finance is a state cabinet-level agency within the government of California.
The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is an executive department within the U.S. state of California.
California English (or Californian English) is a variety of Western American English, mostly documented in Southern California and the San Francisco Bay area of Northern California.
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The California executive branch consists of elected officers and other offices and officers.
The California exodus refers to the negative rates of internal migration that the American state of California has experienced in most of the years since 1991.
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The California gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica) is a small long insectivorous bird which frequents dense coastal sage scrub growth.
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) was a period in American History which began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.
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The California grizzly (Ursus arctos californicus) is an extinct subspecies of the grizzly, the very large North American brown bear.
The 2003 California gubernatorial recall election was a special election permitted under California state law.
California High-Speed Rail is a high-speed rail system currently under construction in the state of California.
The California Highway Patrol (CHP) is a law enforcement agency of the U.S. state of California.
The California Institute of Technology or CaltechThe university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
California Insurance Commissioner is an elected executive office position in California.
The California least tern, Sternula antillarum browni, is a subspecies of least tern that breeds primarily in bays of the Pacific Ocean within a very limited range of Southern California, in San Francisco Bay and in and extreme northern Mexico.
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The following is a list of California locations by income.
The California Master Plan for Higher Education of 1960 was developed by a survey team appointed by the UC Regents and the State Board of Education during the administration of Governor Pat Brown.
The California National Guard is a federally funded California military force, part of the National Guard of the United States.
Proposition 13 (officially named the People's Initiative to Limit Property Taxation) was an amendment of the Constitution of California enacted during 1978, by means of the initiative process.
Proposition 14 is a California ballot proposition that appeared on the ballot during the June 2010 state elections.
Proposition 22 was a law enacted by California voters in March 2000 to restrict marriage to opposite-sex couples.
Proposition 227 was a California ballot proposition passed in the June 2, 1998, ballot.
Proposition 30, officially titled Temporary Taxes to Fund Education, is a California ballot measure that was decided by California voters at the state-wide election on November 6, 2012.
Proposition 71 of 2004 (or the California Stem Cell Research and Cures Act) is a law enacted by California voters to support stem cell research in the state.
Proposition 8, known informally as Prop 8, was a California ballot proposition and a state constitutional amendment passed in the November 2008 California state elections.
California Proposition 98 requires a minimum percentage of the state budget to be spent on K-12 education.
The California quail (Callipepla californica), also known as the California valley quail or valley quail, is a small ground-dwelling bird in the New World quail family.
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The California red-legged frog (Rana draytonii) is a species of frog that is now endemic to California.
The California slender salamander (Batrachoseps attenuatus) is a lungless salamanderStebbins, Robert C. (2003).
The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature.
The State Controller of California is the Chief Financial Officer of the State of California in the United States.
The California State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of California.
The California State Library collects, preserves, generates and disseminates a wide array of information.
The California State Military Reserve (CSMR) is the state defense force of California, and one of three branches of the Active Militia of the State.
The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature.
The State Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) of California is the nonpartisan (originally partisan) elected executive officer of the California Department of Education.
The California State Tartan is the official tartan of the State of California, created July 23, 2001 and defined under law in California state government code 424.3, (a) The tartan defined in subdivision (b) is the official State Tartan, and may be claimed by any resident of the state.
The California State Treasurer is responsible for the state's investment and finance.
The California State University (Cal State or CSU) is a public university system in California.
The California State Water Project, commonly known as the SWP, is a state water management project in the U.S. state of California under the supervision of the California Department of Water Resources.
Superior courts in California are the state trial courts with general jurisdiction to hear and decide any civil or criminal action which is not specially designated to be heard in some other court or before a governmental agency.
The California thrasher (Toxostoma redivivum) is a large thrasher found primarily in chaparral habitat in California and Baja California.
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The California Trail was an emigrant trail of about across the western half of the North American continent from Missouri River towns to what is now the state of California.
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The following is a list of California unemployment statistics.
The California Water Wars were a series of conflicts between the city of Los Angeles and farmers and ranchers in the Owens Valley of Eastern California.
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California is the most populous U.S. state and as a result has the most representation in the United States House of Representatives, with 53 Representatives.
Californio (historical and regional Spanish for "Californian") is a term used to identify a Spanish-speaking, mostly Roman Catholic people (or people of Latin American descent, regardless of race), born in Alta California from the time of the first Spanish colonies established by the Portolá expedition (1769) up until the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), in which Mexico ceded Alta California to the United States of America.
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Caltrain is a California commuter rail line on the San Francisco Peninsula and in the Santa Clara Valley (Silicon Valley).
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Calvatia sculpta, commonly known as the sculpted puffball, the sculptured puffball, the pyramid puffball, and the Sierran puffball, is a species of puffball fungus in the Agaricaceae family.
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Cambodian Americans are Americans born or raised in (or descended from those born or raised in) Cambodia, the majority of which are of Khmer descent.
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Canadian Americans are American citizens or nationals who were born in and/or largely grew up in Canada, but later moved into the United States.
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Cantonese, or Standard Cantonese (廣東話, 广东话; originally known as 廣州話, 广州话), is the dialect of Yue Chinese spoken in the vicinity of Canton (Guangzhou) in southern China.
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Cabo Verdean Americans are Americans whose ancestors were Cape Verdean.
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Capital punishment is barred in the U.S. state of California, having been declared unconstitutional by a federal judge on July 16, 2014.
The Cascade Range or Cascades is a major mountain range of western North America, extending from southern British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to Northern California.
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The Castro District, commonly referenced as The Castro, is a neighborhood in Eureka Valley in San Francisco, California.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.
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Ceanothus L. is a genus of about 50–60 species of nitrogen-fixing shrubs or small trees in the family Rhamnaceae.
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Celtic diaspora may refer to any of the following diasporas of Celtic people.
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In demographics, the center of population (or population center) of a region is a geographical point that describes a centerpoint of the region's population.
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Central California is a subregion of Northern California, generally thought of as the middle third of the state, north of Southern California.
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California's Central Valley is a large, flat valley that dominates the geographical center of the U.S. state of California.
The Central Valley Project (CVP) is a federal water management project in the U.S. state of California under the supervision of the United States Bureau of Reclamation.
In politics, centrism or the centre is a political outlook or specific position that involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy; while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society either strongly to the left or the right.
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The Chamorro people, are the indigenous peoples of the Mariana Islands, which are politically divided between the United States territory of Guam and the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Micronesia.
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The Channel Islands of California are a chain of eight islands located in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Southern California along the Santa Barbara Channel in the United States of America.
In the United States, a charter city is a city in which the governing system is defined by the city's own charter document rather than by state, provincial, regional or national laws.
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The Cherokee (Cherokee Ani-Yunwiya (ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ) are a Native American tribe indigenous to the Southeastern United States (principally Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina and South Carolina). They speak Cherokee, an Iroquoian language. In the 19th century, historians and ethnographers recorded their oral tradition that told of the tribe having migrated south in ancient times from the Great Lakes region, where other Iroquoian-speaking peoples were. By the 19th century, European settlers in the United States called the Cherokee one of the "Five Civilized Tribes", because they had adopted numerous cultural and technological practices of the European American settlers. The Cherokee were one of the first, if not the first, major non-European ethnic group to become U.S. citizens. Article 8 in the 1817 treaty with the Cherokee stated Cherokees may wish to become citizens of the United States. Note: Article 8 in the 1817 treaty as quoted, is mostly about certain land use rights (East of the Mississippi), which might be retained by certain "Indians" if they met certain conditions -- namely, if they "wish to become citizens of the United States". However, in so doing, Article 8 implies that such "Indians" (living East of the Mississippi) who "wish to become citizens of the United States", could (would be allowed to) become citizens of the United States. It seems to (be worded so as to) anticipate a future (after 1817) in which lands West of the Mississippi would remain (territories of, or) outside the boundaries of, the United States. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the Cherokee Nation has more than 314,000 members, the largest of the 566 federally recognized Native American tribes in the United States. In addition, numerous groups claiming Cherokee lineage, some of which are state-recognized, have members who are among those 819,000-plus people claiming Cherokee ancestry on the US census. Of the three federally recognized Cherokee tribes, the Cherokee Nation and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians (UKB) have headquarters in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. The UKB are mostly descendants of "Old Settlers," Cherokee who migrated to Arkansas and Oklahoma about 1817. They are related to the Cherokee who were forcibly relocated there in the 1830s under the Indian Removal Act. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is on the Qualla Boundary in western North Carolina, and are descendants of those who resisted or avoided relocation. In addition, there are numerous Cherokee heritage groups throughout the United states, such as the satellite communities sponsored by the Cherokee Nation.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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Chinese Americans, also known as American Chinese or Sino-Americans, are Americans of full or partial Chinese – particularly Han Chinese – descent.
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Chinese (汉语 / 漢語; Hànyǔ or 中文; Zhōngwén) is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
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The Choctaw (alternatively spelled Chahta, Chactas, Tchakta, Chocktaw, and Chactaw) are Native American people originally from the Southeastern United States (modern-day Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, and Louisiana).
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The Chumash are a Native American people who historically inhabited the central and southern coastal regions of California, in portions of what is now San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles Counties, extending from Morro Bay in the north to Malibu in the south.
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Civil law, civilian law or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
The Claremont Colleges are an American consortium of five undergraduate and two graduate schools of higher education located in Claremont, California, a city east of downtown Los Angeles and west of downtown San Bernardino.
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Clark's nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana), sometimes referred to as Clark's crow or woodpecker crow, is a passerine bird in the family Corvidae.
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Clear Lake is a natural freshwater lake in Lake County, California and is fed by runoff flowing into many streams as well as springs in Soda Bay.
The Los Angeles metropolitan area is noted for its year-round moderate-to-warm weather.
Coast Guard Island is an artificial island in the Oakland Estuary between Oakland and Alameda, California.
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Coastal California, also known as the California Coastline and the Golden Coast, refers to the coastal regions of the US state of California.
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The Coaster is a commuter rail service that operates in the central and northern coastal regions of San Diego County, California, United States.
The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact).
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Colorado is a U.S. state encompassing most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
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The Colorado River is one of the principal rivers of the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico (the other being the Rio Grande).
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Common law (also known as case law or precedent) is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals that decide individual cases, as opposed to statutes adopted through the legislative process or regulations issued by the executive branch.
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A community college is a type of educational institution.
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Community property is a marital property regime that originated in civil law jurisdictions and is now also found in some common law jurisdictions.
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Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre, and the middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters — people who travel on a daily basis.
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This is a comparison between US states and countries' nominal Gross Domestic Product as based on International Monetary Fund and Bureau of Economic Analysis data.
The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War (1846–1848).
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The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.
The Constitution of the State of California is the document that establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure and function of the government of the U.S. state of California.
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the peoples of the two countries.
The contiguous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. (federal district), on the continent of North America.
A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.
Cordylanthus maritimus is a rare species of flowering plant in the broomrape family known by the common names salt marsh bird's beak and Point Reyes bird's beak.
Corporate services are activities that combine or consolidate certain enterprise-wide needed support services, provided based on specialized knowledge, best practices, and technology to serve internal (and sometimes external) customers and business partners.
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The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas.
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In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some governmental authority.
Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization.
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Croatian Americans (Američki Hrvati) are citizens or residents of the United States who have total or partial Croatian ancestry.
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Crotalus cerastes is a venomous pit viper species belonging to the genus Crotalus (rattlesnakes) and found in the desert regions of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico.
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The culture of the United States is primarily Western, but is influenced by African, Native American, Asian, Polynesian, and Latin American cultures.
The cutthroat trout is a fish species of the family Salmonidae native to cold-water tributaries of the Pacific Ocean, Rocky Mountains, and Great Basin in North America.
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Cypriot Americans are Americans of full or partial Cypriot ancestry.
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Cytisus scoparius, the common broom or Scotch broom, syn. Sarothamnus scoparius, is a perennial leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe.
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Czech Americans (Čechoameričané), known in the 19th and early 20th century as Bohemian Americans, are citizens of the United States who are of Czech descent.
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Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko, in both of those languages) was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
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The Danish American (Dansk-amerikanere) ethnic group consists of Americans who are fully or partially of Danish descent.
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Davis is a city in the U.S. state of California and the most populous city in Yolo County.
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Daylight saving time (DST) or summer time is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months by one hour so that in the evening hours day light is experienced later, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.
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De facto is a Latin expression that means "in fact, in reality, in actual existence, force, or possession, as a matter of fact" (literally "from fact").
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De jure (Classical Latin: de iúre) is an expression that means "of right, by right, according to law" (literally "from law"), as contrasted with de facto, which means "in fact, in reality" (literally "from fact").
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Death row, in English-speaking countries that have capital punishment, is the place, often a section of a prison, that houses prisoners awaiting execution.
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Death Valley is a desert valley located in Eastern California.
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Decline to State (DTS) is an affiliation designation on the California voter registration form that allows voters to register to vote without choosing a party affiliation.
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The defense industry, also called the military industry, comprises government and commercial industry involved in research, development, production, and service of military materiel, equipment and facilities.
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Delphinium variegatum is a species of larkspur known by the common name Royal larkspur.
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The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party to its right.
California is the most populous U.S. state.
A desert is a barren area of land where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
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The desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii and Gopherus morafkai) are species of tortoise native to the Mojave desert and Sonoran desert of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico and the Sinaloan thornscrub of northwestern Mexico.
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The Diablo Canyon Power Plant is an electricity-generating nuclear power plant near Avila Beach in San Luis Obispo County, California.
Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein, born Dianne Emiel Goldman (born June 22, 1933), is the senior United States Senator from California.
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Dippers are members of the genus Cinclus in the bird family Cinclidae, named for their bobbing or dipping movements.
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Dodecatheon alpinum is a perennial plant in the primrose family, Primulaceae, known by the common name alpine shooting star.
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Donner Pass (el.) is a mountain pass in the northern Sierra Nevada, above Donner Lake about west of Truckee, California.
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The dot-com bubble (also referred to as the dot-com boom, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic speculative bubble covering roughly 1997–2000 (with a climax on March 10, 2000, with the NASDAQ peaking at 5,132.52 in intraday trading before closing at 5,048.62) during which stock markets in industrialized nations saw their equity value rise rapidly from growth in the Internet sector and related fields.
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Douglas fir, with the scientific name Pseudotsuga menziesii, also known as Oregon pine or Douglas spruce, is an evergreen conifer species native to western North America.
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Dudleya traskiae is a rare succulent plant known by the common name Santa Barbara Island liveforever.
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The dusky-footed woodrat (Neotoma fuscipes) is a species of nocturnal rodent in the family Cricetidae.
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The Dutch American ethnic group in the United States consists of people who identify with Dutch ancestry.
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Dutch West Indian Americans or Dutch Antillean Americans are Americans of Dutch Antillean descent.
Eastern California is a region defined as either the strip to the east of the crest of the Sierra Nevada or as the easternmost counties of California in the United States.
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Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
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An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
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Edward Castillo, of the Luiseño-Cahuilla tribes, is a Native American activist who participated in the American Indian occupation of Alcatraz in 1969.
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The Eel River (Cahto: Taanchow) is a major river, about long, of northwestern California in the United States.
Over the course of the 20th century, the car rapidly developed from an expensive toy for the rich into the Usual standard for passenger transport in most developed countries.
Egyptian Americans are Americans of Egyptian ancestry.
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The United States Electoral College is the institution that elects the President and Vice President of the United States every four years.
An endangered language is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.
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Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
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English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a constituent country of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
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Epimedium, also known as barrenwort, bishop's hat, fairy wings, horny goat weed, rowdy lamb herb, randy beef grass or yin yang huo, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Berberidaceae.
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Erysimum capitatum is a species of wallflower known commonly as the sanddune wallflower, western wallflower, or prairie rocket.
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Eschscholzia californica (California poppy, Californian poppy, golden poppy, California sunlight, cup of gold) is a species of flowering plant in the family Papaveraceae, native to the United States and Mexico, and the official state flower of California.
Escondido is a city located in San Diego County's North County region, northeast of Downtown San Diego, California.
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The Estonian Americans (Ameerika eestlased) are Americans who are of Estonian ancestry, mainly descendants of people who left Estonia before and especially during World War II.
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Ethiopian Americans are Americans of Ethiopian descent as well as individuals of American and Ethiopian ancestry.
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Eucalyptus L'Heritier 1789 is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
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"Eureka" is an interjection used to celebrate a discovery or invention.
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European Americans (also known as Euro-Americans) are Americans with ancestry from Europe.
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The executive branch is the part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state.
The Feather River is the principal tributary of the Sacramento River, in the Sacramento Valley of Northern California.
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Filipino Americans (Tagalog: Pilipino Amerikano) are Americans of Filipino descent and comprise about 3.4 million people, or 1.1% of the U.S. population.
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Finance is a field that deals with assets and liabilities over time under conditions of certainty and uncertainty.
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Finnish Americans are Americans of Finnish descent or Finnish citizens who reside in the United States.
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A first language (also native language, mother tongue, arterial language, or L1) is the language or are the languages a person has learned from birth or within the critical period, or that a person speaks the best and so is often the basis for sociolinguistic identity.
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The First Transcontinental Railroad (known originally as the "Pacific Railroad" and later as the "Overland Route") was a contiguous railroad line constructed in the United States between 1863 and 1869 west of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers to connect the Pacific coast at San Francisco Bay with the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Council Bluffs, Iowa.
The Bear Flag is the official flag of the state of California.
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A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry.
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Florida is a state in the southeast United States, bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida.
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Fog is a complex atmospheric phenomenon.
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Fort Irwin National Training Center is a major training area for the United States Military and is a census-designated place located in the Mojave Desert in northern San Bernardino County, California.
Fort Ross (Форт-Росс), originally Fortress Ross (Крѣпость Россъ, r Krepostʹ Ross) is a former Russian establishment on the west coast of North America in what is now Sonoma County, California, in the United States.
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The Four Level Interchange (officially the Bill Keene Memorial Interchange) was the first stack interchange in the world.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Sir Francis Drake, vice admiral (– 27 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era.
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Frederic Michael Scherer (born 1932 in Ottawa, Illinois) is an American economist and expert on industrial organization.
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Frederick Emmons Terman (June 7, 1900 – December 19, 1982) was an American academician.
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French Canadian Americans are Americans of French-Canadian descent.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language, belonging to the Indo-European family.
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Fresno, the county seat of Fresno County, is a city in the U.S. state of California.
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Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo (not Garci Ordóñez de Montalvo) (~1450 – 1504) was a Castilian author who arranged the modern version of the chivalric romance Amadis of Gaul, written in three books in the 14th century by an unknown author.
Garden Grove is a city in northern Orange County in the U.S. state of California, south of Los Angeles.
The Garibaldi or Garibaldi damselfish (Hypsypops rubicundus) is a species of bright orange fish in the damselfish family.
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Gavin Christopher Newsom (born October 10, 1967) is an American politician.
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A gay village (also known as a gay neighborhood, gayvenue, gay ghetto, gaytto, gay district, gay mecca or gayborhood) is a geographical area with generally recognized boundaries, where a large number of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people live or frequent.
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General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
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German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who are of German descent.
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German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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In the process of setting electoral districts, gerrymandering is a practice that attempts to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries to create partisan advantaged districts.
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Ghanaian Americans are Americans of full or partial Ghanaian ancestry or Ghanaians who became naturalized citizen of the United States.
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Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79.
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The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate strait, the mile-wide, three-mile-long channel between San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean.
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The Golden State Warriors are an American professional basketball team based in Oakland, California.
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The California golden trout, or simply the golden trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss aguabonita), is a subspecies of the rainbow trout native to California.
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The Governor of California is the chief executive of the California state government, commander-in-chief of the California National Guard and the California State Military Reserve, whose responsibilities also include making annual State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced.
A grape is a fruiting berry of the deciduous woody vines of the botanical genus Vitis.
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The gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) is a carnivorous mammal of the family Canidae ranging throughout most of the southern half of North America from southern Canada to the northern part of South America (Venezuela and Colombia).
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The gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) is a baleen whale that migrates between feeding and breeding grounds yearly.
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The Greater Los Angeles Area is the second-largest urban region in the United States, encompassing five counties in the southern part of the U.S. state of California, extending from Ventura County in the west to San Bernardino County and Riverside County on the east, with Los Angeles County and Orange County in the center.
Greek Americans (Ελληνοαμερικάνοι, Ellinoamerikani) are Americans of full or partial Greek ancestry.
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Greyhound Lines, Inc., usually shortened to Greyhound, is an intercity bus common carrier serving over 3,800 destinations across the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
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The griffin, griffon, or gryphon (Greek: γρύφων, grýphōn, or γρύπων, grýpōn, early form γρύψ, grýps; gryphus) is a legendary creature with the body, tail, and back legs of a lion; the head and wings of an eagle; and an eagle's talons as its front feet.
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Gross state product (GSP), or gross regional product (GRP), is a measurement of the economic output of a state or province (i.e., of a subnational entity).
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Guyanese Americans are Americans who can trace their ancestry back to the South American nation of Guyana.
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Haitian Americans (haïtien américain) (ayisyen ameriken) are Americans of Haitian descent.
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Hares and jackrabbits are leporids belonging to the genus Lepus.
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Harvard Business School (HBS) is the graduate business school of Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
The Hearst Corporation is an American multinational mass media group based in the Hearst Tower in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
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The hermit thrush (Catharus guttatus) is a medium-sized North American thrush.
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High-level radioactive waste management concerns management and disposal of highly radioactive materials created during production of nuclear power and nuclear weapons.
Higher education, post-secondary education, tertiary education or third level education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.
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Hillcrest is a neighborhood in San Diego, California northwest of Balboa Park and south of Mission Valley.
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Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
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Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.
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Hispanic (hispano, hispánico hispánico, hispaniar., hispà) is an ethnonym to people of country heritage that speak the Spanish language, in some definitions, to ancient Roman Hispania, which roughly comprised the Iberian Peninsula including the contemporary states of Spain, Portugal, Andorra and the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.
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Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (hispanos, latinos) are Americans descending from the countries of Latin America and Iberia.
The German minority in Russia, Ukraine and the Soviet Union, self-termed as Russaki was created from several sources and in several waves.
Hollingsworth v. Perry refers to a series of United States federal court cases that legalized same-sex marriage in the State of California.
Horned lizards are a genus (Phrynosoma) of lizards which are the type genus of the family Phrynosomatidae.
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Huckleberry is a name used in North America for several plants in the family Ericaceae, in two closely related genera: Vaccinium and Gaylussacia.
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Hungarian Americans (Hungarian: amerikai magyarok) are Americans of Hungarian descent.
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Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower; the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water.
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"I Love You, California" (1913) is the official state song of California.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
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Icelandic Americans are Americans of Icelandic descent or Iceland-born people who reside in the United States.
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The actual size and the origin of the illegal immigrant population in the United States is uncertain and difficult to ascertain because of difficulty in accurately counting individuals in this population.
Illegal immigration is the migration of people across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country.
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Illegal immigration to the United States is the act by foreign nationals violating United States immigration laws by either entering the country without government permission (i.e., a visa) or once lawfully entering, remaining within the country beyond the termination date of a temporary visa.
Immigration to the United States is a complex demographic phenomenon that has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the history of the United States.
Imperial County is a county located in the U.S. state of California.
The Imperial Valley lies in California's Imperial County.
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An income tax is a government levy (tax) imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with the income or profits (taxable income) of the taxpayer.
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An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated to any political party.
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of California.
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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Indian Americans or Indo-Americans are Americans of Indian ancestry.
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The Indigenous peoples of California (known as Native Californians) are the indigenous inhabitants who have lived or currently live in the geographic area within the current boundaries of California before and after the arrival of Europeans.
Indigenous peoples of Mexico (Spanish: pueblos indígenas de México), Native Mexicans (nativos mexicanos), or Mexican Indians (indios mexicanos) are those who are part of communities that trace their roots back to populations and communities that existed in what is now Mexico prior to the arrival of Europeans.
Inglewood is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California, southwest of downtown Los Angeles.
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In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens' initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite).
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The Inland Empire (I.E.) is a metropolitan area and region of Southern California.
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In the context of the history of the twentieth century, the interwar period or interbellum (Latin: inter-, "between" + bellum, "war") was the period between the end of World War I and the beginning of World War II—the period beginning with the Armistice with Germany that concluded World War I in 1918 and the following Paris Peace Conference in 1919, and ending in 1939 with the invasion of Poland and the start of World War II.
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An introduced, alien, exotic, non-indigenous, or non-native species, or simply an introduction, is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.
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An invasive species is a plant or animal that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species); and has a tendency to spread, which is believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy and/or human health.
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Iranian-Americans (also referred as Persian-Americans), are Americans of Iranian ancestry or people possessing Iranian and American dual citizenship.
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Iraqi Americans are Americans who identify themselves to be of Iraqi ancestry.
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The Irish American (Gaedheal-Mheiriceánaigh) ethnic group comprises Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
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Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence of religion, an indifference towards religion, a rejection of religion, or hostility towards religion.
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Isaac Graham (September 1, 1800 – November 3, 1863) was a fur trader, mountain man, and land grant owner in 19th century California.
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Islam (There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster). The most common are (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and (American Heritage Dictionary). الإسلام,: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (circa 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
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ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states).
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Israeli Americans (יִשְׂרְאֵלִים אָמֶרִיקָנִים, Yisra'elim Amerikanim) are Americans of full or partial Israeli ancestry or who hold Israeli citizenship.
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The Italian American (italoamericani) ethnic group comprises Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Italy, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
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Jamaican Americans are Americans of full or partial Jamaican ancestry.
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Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
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The ethnic group comprises Americans who are fully or partially of Japanese descent, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
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is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
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Jeffrey pine, Pinus jeffreyi, also known as Jeffrey's pine, yellow pine and black pine, is a North American pine tree.
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Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown Jr. (born April 7, 1938) is an American politician and lawyer who has served as the 39th Governor of California since 2011.
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John Drake Sloat (July 6, 1781 – November 28, 1867) was a commodore in the United States Navy who, in 1846, claimed California for the United States.
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Jordanian-American are Americans who are descended from Jordanian people.
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Juan Bautista Valentín Alvarado y Vallejo (February 14, 1809 – July 13, 1882) was a Californio and twice Governor of Alta California from 1836 to 1837, and 1838 to 1842.
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo (João Rodrigues Cabrilho; born 1499, died January 3, 1543) was a navigator and explorer, known for exploring the West Coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire.
Judaism (from Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew:, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.
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The Judicial Council of California is the rule-making arm of the California court system.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
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The Judiciary of California is defined under the California Constitution, law, and regulations as part of the Government of California.
Jurupa Valley is a city in Riverside County, California.
Kangaroo rats, small rodents of genus Dipodomys, are native to western North America.
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KCET, channel 28, is a non-commercial educational, independent television station located in Los Angeles, California, USA.
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Kenyan Americans are Americans of Kenyan descent.
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Kern County is a county located in the U.S. state of California.
Kingfishers are a group of small to medium-sized brightly colored birds in the order Coraciiformes.
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The kit fox (Vulpes macrotis) is a fox species of North America.
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The Klamath River (Karuk: Ishkêesh, Klamath: Koke, Yurok: Hehlkeek 'We-Roy is an American river that flows southwest through Oregon and northern California, cutting through the Cascade Range to empty into the Pacific Ocean. By average discharge, the Klamath is the second largest river in California after the Sacramento River. It drains an extensive watershed of almost that stretches from the high desert country of the Great Basin to the temperate rainforest of the Pacific coast. The upper basin once contained vast freshwater marshes that provided habitat for abundant wildlife, including millions of migratory birds; now it is largely agricultural, while the mountainous lower basin remains wild. The watershed is known for this peculiar geography, and the Klamath has been called "a river upside down" by the National Geographic Society. The Klamath is the most important coastal river south of the Columbia River for anadromous fish migration. Its salmon, steelhead and rainbow trout have adapted to unusually high water temperatures and acidity levels relative to other rivers in the Pacific Northwest. The numerous fish were a major source of food for Native Americans, who have inhabited the basin for at least 7,000 years. The first Europeans to enter the Klamath River basin were fur trappers for the Hudson's Bay Company in the 1820s; they established the Siskiyou Trail along the Klamath and Trinity rivers into the Sacramento Valley. Within several decades of white settlement, native peoples were forced into reservations. During the latter days of the California Gold Rush, increasing numbers of miners began working the Klamath River and its tributaries. Steamboats operated briefly on the large lakes in the upper basin before they were replaced by railroads in the late 19th century. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the upper basin became a rich agricultural region, and many dams were built to provide irrigation water and hydroelectric power. In the 1960s, the Klamath was targeted as part of a much larger scheme to augment water supplies in central and southern California; however, these works never materialized. Because the Klamath includes many of the longest free-flowing stretches of river in California, along with excellent whitewater runs, it has become a popular recreational river. However, dams and diversions in the upper basin have caused water quality issues on the lower half of the Klamath. Environmental groups and native tribes have proposed broad changes to water use in the Klamath Basin, principally the removal of some dams on the river to expand fish habitat. They put forth their concerns in what is now the Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement, a water management plan signed by local communities, governments, tribal groups, environmentalists, and fishermen. The proposal has been endorsed by the U.S. Department of the Interior but has not been authorized by the United States Congress.
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Korean Americans (Korean: 한국계 미국인, Hanja: 韓國系美國人, Hangukgye Migukin) are Americans of Korean heritage or descent, mostly from South Korea, with a small minority from North Korea.
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Korean (조선말, see below) is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea, as well as one of the two official languages in China's Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.
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The Korean War (in South Korean Hangul: 한국전쟁, Hanja: 韓國戰爭, Hanguk Jeonjaeng, "Korean War"; in North Korean Chosungul: 조국해방전쟁, Joguk Haebang Jeonjaeng, "Fatherland Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.
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The LA Galaxy, also known as the Los Angeles Galaxy, is an American professional soccer club, based in the Los Angeles suburb of Carson, California, that competes in Major League Soccer (MLS), in the Western Conference of the league.
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Laguna Beach is a seaside resort city located in southern Orange County, California, United States.
Lake Tahoe (Washo: dáʔaw) is a large freshwater lake in the Sierra Nevada of the United States.
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The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle family) are a family of flowering plants.
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A landslide, also known as a landslip, is a geological phenomenon that includes a wide range of ground movements.
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Language revitalization, also referred to as language revival or reversing language shift, is an attempt to halt or reverse the decline of a language or to revive an extinct one.
Las Sergas de Esplandián (The Adventures of Esplandián) is the fifth book in a series of Spanish chivalric romance novels by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo, which began with Amadís de Gaula.
Latin America is a region of the Americas that comprises countries where Romance languages are predominant; primarily Spanish and Portuguese, but also French.
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Latvian Americans are Americans who are of Latvian ancestry.
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Law in the state of Louisiana is based on a more diverse set of sources than the laws of the other forty-nine states.
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Lebanese Americans (أمريكيون لبنانيون) are Americans of Lebanese descent.
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A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.
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Levi's Stadium is a football stadium in Santa Clara, California.
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LGBT or GLBT is an initialism that stands for '''l'''esbian, '''g'''ay, '''b'''isexual, and '''t'''ransgender.
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California is seen as one of the most liberal states in the U.S. in regard to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights, which have received nationwide recognition since the 1960s.
Liberian Americans are Americans of full or partial Liberian ancestry.
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Libya (ليبيا) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
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The Lieutenant Governor of California is a statewide constitutional officer and vice-executive of the State of California.
Light rail or light rail transit (LRT) is urban public transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
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Lilium columbianum is a lily native to western North America.
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Lilium pardalinum, also known as the leopard lily or panther lily, is a flowering bulbous perennial plant in the lily family, native to Oregon, California, and Baja California.
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A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway (freeway or motorway), including limited or no access to adjacent property, some degree of separation of opposing traffic flow, use of grade separated interchanges to some extent, prohibition of some modes of transport such as bicycles or horses and very few or no intersecting cross-streets.
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The Lincoln Highway was the first transcontinental highway for automobiles across the United States of America.
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This is a list of airports in California (a U.S. state), grouped by type and sorted by location.
This is a list of well-known Alsatians and Lorrainians (people from the region of Alsace and the region of Lorraine).
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population with inclusion within the list being based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1.
Earthquakes in California are common occurrences since the state is located on the San Andreas Fault, which cuts across California and forms the tectonic plate boundary between the Pacific and the North American Plate.
The world's longest suspension bridges are listed according to the length of their main span (i.e. the length of suspended roadway between the bridge's towers).
This article defines a "primary" metropolitan area as a metropolitan area that is not a component of a more extensive defined metropolitan area.
This is a list of regions of California, organized by location.
The world's busiest airports by passenger traffic are measured by total passengers (data from Airports Council International (ACI)), defined as passengers enplaned plus passengers deplaned plus direct-transit passengers.
The following is a sortable table of various codes and abbreviations used to represent the political divisions of the United States.
This is a complete list of the states of the United States and its major territories ordered by total area, land area, and water area.
This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census.
This is a list of U.S. states ranked by their coastline length.
This is a list of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union.
This is a list of U.S. states sorted by their gross state product (GSP) per capita.
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States.
Lithuanian Americans are Americans who are of Lithuanian ancestry.
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The loggerhead shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) is a passerine bird.
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Long Beach is a city in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States.
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.
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The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim are an American professional baseball team based in Anaheim, California.
The Los Angeles Aqueduct system, comprising the Los Angeles Aqueduct (Owens Valley aqueduct) and the Second Los Angeles Aqueduct, is a water conveyance system, built and operated by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power.
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The Los Angeles Clippers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles, California, that competes in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
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The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (branded as Metro; formerly branded as MTA or LACMTA) is the public transportation operating agency for the County of Los Angeles formed in 1993 out of a merger of the Southern California Rapid Transit District and the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission.
Los Angeles County, also known as L.A. County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is a county in the U.S. state of California.
The Los Angeles Dodgers are a professional baseball team in Los Angeles, California, who are members of the National League West division of Major League Baseball (MLB).
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Los Angeles Football Club is a Major League Soccer expansion franchise in Los Angeles that plans to begin play in Major League Soccer (MLS) starting in 2018.
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Los Angeles International Airport is the primary airport serving the Greater Los Angeles Area, the second-most populated metropolitan area in the United States.
The Los Angeles Kings are a professional ice hockey team based in Los Angeles, California.
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The Los Angeles Lakers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles, California, that competes in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
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For the board track racing circuit, see Los Angeles Motordrome. Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is a large outdoor sports stadium in the University Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, at Exposition Park, that is home to the Pacific-12 Conference's University of Southern California (USC) Trojans football team.
The Los Angeles metropolitan area, also known as Metropolitan Los Angeles or the Southland, is the 20th largest metropolitan area in the world and the second-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
The Los Angeles Sparks are a professional basketball team based in Los Angeles, California, playing in the Western Conference in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
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Luxembourgish Americans (sometimes hyphenated) are Americans of Luxembourgish ancestry.
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Lyonothamnus is a monotypic genus of trees in the rose family containing the single living species Lyonothamnus floribundus, which is known by the common name Catalina ironwood, and the subspecies L. f. ssp.
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Macedonian Americans (Македонски Американци, Makedonski Amerikanci) are Americans of ethnic Macedonian descent.
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Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization that is the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
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Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer league, sanctioned by U.S. Soccer, that represents the sport's highest level in both the United States and Canada.
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The major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada are the highest professional competitions of team sports in the United States and Canada.
A majority-minority or minority-majority area is a term used in the United States to refer to a jurisdiction in which one or more racial and/or ethnic minorities (relative to the whole country's population) make up a majority of the local population.
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Maltese Americans are Americans with ethnic origins in Malta.
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The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research (renamed in 1981 from the International Center for Economic Policy Studies) is a conservative American think tank established in New York City in 1978 by Antony Fisher and William J. Casey.
The Manila Galleons (Galeón de Manila, Kalakalang Galyon ng Maynila at Acapulco) were Spanish trading ships that made round-trip sailing voyages once or twice per year across the Pacific Ocean from the port of Acapulco in New Spain (present-day Mexico) to Manila in the Spanish East Indies, now the Philippines.
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Manzanita is a common name for many species of the genus Arctostaphylos.
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Marin County is a county located in the North San Francisco Bay Area of the State of California.
Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton is the major West Coast base of the United States Marine Corps.
The term Mediterranean climate is one typical of the Mediterranean Basin and is a particular variety of subtropical climate.
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Metrolink is a commuter rail system serving Southern California; it consists of seven lines and 55 stations operating on of rail network.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metropolitan region, metro area or just metro, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing: industry, infrastructure, and housing.
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The Mexican War of Independence (Guerra de Independencia de México) was an armed conflict, and the culmination of a political and social process which ended the rule of Spain in 1821 in the territory of New Spain.
The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War, the U.S.–Mexican War or the Invasion of Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States and the Centralist Republic of Mexico (which became the Second Federal Republic of Mexico during the war) from 1846 to 1848.
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Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
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Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes region of the Midwestern United States.
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A microclimate is a local atmospheric zone where the climate differs from the surrounding area.
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The Midway-Sunset Oil Field is a large oil field in Kern County, San Joaquin Valley, California in the United States.
The term "migrant worker" has different official meanings and connotations in different parts of the world.
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Military service is service by an individual or group in an army or other militia, whether as a chosen job or as a result of an involuntary draft (conscription).
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Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
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A minimum wage is the lowest daily or monthly remuneration that employers may legally pay to workers.
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Minnesota (locally) is a state in the Midwestern United States.
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A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care and economic development.
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The Modern Language Association of America, often referred to as the Modern Language Association (MLA), is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of language and literature.
Modern American liberalism is the dominant version of liberalism in the United States.
The Mojave Desert (pronounced: mo-hah-vee) is a rain shadow, mostly high desert area, that occupies a significant portion of southeastern California and smaller parts of central California, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah and northwestern Arizona in the United States.
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The Mojave River is an intermittent river in the eastern San Bernardino Mountains and the Mojave Desert in San Bernardino County, California, United States.
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Mono Lake is a large, shallow saline soda lake in Mono County, California, formed at least 760,000 years ago as a terminal lake in an endorheic basin.
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Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean located off the coast of the U.S. state of California.
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Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California.
The City of Monterey in Monterey County is located on the southern edge of Monterey Bay, on Central California's Pacific coast.
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Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, which began with Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.
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Moroccan Americans are Americans of Moroccan ancestry, as well as persons who have dual Moroccan and United States citizenship.
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Morro Bay kangaroo rat, Dipodomys heermanni morroensis, is endemic to San Luis Obispo County, California.
Morro Bay is a waterfront city in San Luis Obispo County, California.
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Mount Shasta (Karuk: Úytaahkoo or "White Mountain") is a potentially active volcano located at the southern end of the Cascade Range in Siskiyou County, California.
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Mount Whitney is the highest summit in the contiguous United States and the Sierra Nevada, with an elevation of.
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The mountain beaver (Aplodontia rufa) is a North American rodent.
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The mountain weasel (Mustela altaica), also known as the pale weasel, Altai weasel or solongoi, primarily lives in high-altitude environments, as well as rocky tundra and grassy woodlands.
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The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule.
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Multiracial Americans are Americans who have mixed ancestry of "two or more races".
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A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.
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Napa County is a county located north of San Pablo Bay in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California.
* Stipa pulchra Hitchc.
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The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in North America, and is widely considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league composed of 30 member clubs: 23 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
In the United States, Native Americans are considered to be people whose pre-Columbian ancestors were indigenous to the lands within the nation's modern boundaries.
Native Hawaiians (Hawaiian: kānaka ʻōiwi, kānaka maoli, and Hawaiʻi maoli) are the indigenous Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants.
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The Navajo or Navaho (Diné or Naabeehó) of the Southwestern United States are the largest federally recognized tribe in the United States with 300,048 enrolled tribal members as of 2011.
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Naval Air Station North Island or NAS North Island is located at the north end of the Coronado peninsula on San Diego Bay and is the home port of several aircraft carriers of the United States Navy.
The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones constituting the Earth's land surface.
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Nemophila is a genus found in the flowering plant family Boraginaceae.
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Net migration rate is the difference of immigrants and emigrants of an area in a period of time, divided (usually) per 1,000 inhabitants (considered on midterm population).
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Nevada is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States.
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New Mexico (Nuevo México; Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state located in the southwestern and western regions of the United States, admitted to the union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912.
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New Spain (Nueva España) was the colony comprising Spain's possessions in the New World north of the Isthmus of Panama.
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New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
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New Zealand-Americans are Americans born in New Zealand or born in the United States of America who has New Zealand ancestry.
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Nigerian Americans are Americans who are of Nigerian ancestry.
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Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin are people in the United States, as defined by the Census Bureau, who are of the white race and are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity.
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The North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) is the vertical control datum of orthometric height established for vertical control surveying in the United States of America based upon the General Adjustment of the North American Datum of 1988.
The North Coast of California (also called the Redwood Empire or the Redwood Coast) is the region in Northern California that lies on the Pacific coast between San Francisco Bay and the Oregon border.
The Northeast Corridor (NEC) is an electrified railway line in the Northeast megalopolis of the United States.
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Northern California, often abbreviated NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California.
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Northern Europe is the northern part or region of Europe.
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The northern flicker (Colaptes auratus) is a medium-sized member of the woodpecker family.
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The northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina; Cahto: bisbintc) is one of three spotted owl subspecies.
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Norwegian Americans (norskamerikanere) are Americans of Norwegian descent.
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Notholithocarpus densiflorus, commonly known as the tanoak or tanbark-oak, is an evergreen tree in the beech family (Fagaceae), native to the western United States, in California as far south as the Transverse Ranges, north to southwest Oregon, and east in the Sierra Nevada.
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Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power station.
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A nuclear-free zone is an area where nuclear weapons (see nuclear-weapon-free zone) and nuclear power plants are banned.
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The Oakland Athletics (often abbreviated to Oakland A′s) are an American professional baseball team based in Oakland, California.
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The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football franchise based in Oakland, California.
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Oakland is a major West Coast port city in the U.S. state of California.
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Oenothera deltoides subsp.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
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The Old Spanish Trail is a historical trade route which connected the northern New Mexico settlements near or in Santa Fe, New Mexico with that of Los Angeles, California and southern California.
Orange County is a county in the U.S. state of California.
Orange is a city located in Orange County, California.
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This list contains selected positive numbers in increasing order, including counts of things, dimensionless quantity and probabilities.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
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The Oregon Trail is a historic east–west large-wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon.
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Oroville Dam is an earthfill embankment dam on the Feather River east of the city of Oroville, California in the United States.
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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U.S. state of California: California – most populous and the third most extensive of the 50 states of the United States of America.
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Overgrazing occurs when plants are exposed to intensive grazing for extended periods of time, or without sufficient recovery periods.
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An Overseas Filipino is a person of Filipino origin who lives outside of the Philippines.
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Owens Valley is the arid valley of the Owens River in eastern California in the United States, to the east of the Sierra Nevada and west of the White Mountains and Inyo Mountains on the west edge of the Great Basin section.
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Owls are birds from the order Strigiformes, which includes about 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal birds of prey typified by an upright stance, a large, broad head, binocular vision, binaural hearing and feathers adapted for silent flight.
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Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.
The Pacific Coast Ranges (officially gazetted as the Pacific Mountain System in the United States but referred to as the Pacific Coast Ranges), are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along the West Coast of North America from Alaska south to Northern and Central Mexico.
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Pacific Islander is a term used to refer to the people of the Pacific Islands.
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Pacific Islands Americans, also known as Oceanian Americans, are Americans who have ethnic ancestry of indigenous inhabitants of Oceania.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.
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The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−8).
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Paiute cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki seleniris) is one of fourteen subspecies of cutthroat trout native only to Silver King Creek, a headwater tributary of the Carson River in the Sierra Nevada, in California.
Palestinian Americans (الأميركيون الفلسطينيون) are Americans of Palestinian ancestry.
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The Palisade Glacier is located on the northeast side of the Palisades within the John Muir Wilderness in the central Sierra Nevada of California.
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Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
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Path 15 is an portion of the north-south power transmission corridor in California, U.S. It forms a part of the Pacific AC Intertie and the California-Oregon Transmission Project.
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Path 46, also called West of Colorado River, Arizona-California West-of-the-River Path (WOR), is a set of many high-voltage alternating-current transmission lines that are located in southeast California and Nevada up to the Colorado River.
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California Oregon Intertie (COI), identified as Path 66 by Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), is a corridor of three roughly parallel 500 kV alternating current power lines connecting the electric grids of Oregon and California.
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Pío de Jesús Pico (May 5, 1801 – September 11, 1894) was the last governor of Alta California (now the State of California) under Mexican rule.
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The Pennsylvania Dutch (Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch) are a cultural group formed by early German-speaking immigrants to Pennsylvania and their descendants.
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A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives for more than two years.
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The Pacific Pocket Mouse is a Federally Endangered animal in California.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi or Parsi (English:; Persian: فارسی), is the predominant modern descendant of Old Persian, a southwestern Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.
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The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American think tank based in Washington, D.C., that provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
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Phacelia (phacelia, scorpionweed, heliotrope) is a genus of about 200 species of annual or perennial herbaceous plants, native to North and South America.
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The Philippines (Pilipinas), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.
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Pinus contorta, with the common names lodgepole pine and shore pine, and also known as twisted pine, and contorta pine, is a common tree in western North America.
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Pinus lambertiana (commonly known as the sugar pine or sugar cone pine) is the tallest and most massive pine tree, and has the longest cones of any conifer.
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Pinus longaeva, the Great Basin bristlecone pine, is a long-living species of tree found in the higher mountains of the southwest United States.
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The Pit River is a major river draining from northeastern California into the state's Central Valley.
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Poecile is a genus of bird in the tit family that is often lumped into the genus Parus.
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Point Arena (formerly, Punta Arenas and Puntas Arenas) is a small coastal city in Mendocino County, California, United States.
Polish Americans are Americans who are of total or partial Polish descent.
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Polystichum munitum (western sword fern) is an evergreen fern native to western North America, where it is one of the most abundant ferns.
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The Pomo people are an indigenous people of California.
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Populus fremontii, the Fremont's cottonwood or Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico.
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A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land.
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The Port of Los Angeles, also called America's Port, is a port complex that occupies of land and water along of waterfront and adjoins the separate Port of Long Beach.
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The Port of Oakland is a major container ship facility located in Oakland, California on San Francisco Bay.
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Point of San Francisco Bay Discovery The Portolá expedition was the first recorded Spanish (or any European) land entry and exploration of the present-day state of California, in 1769–1770, and paved the way for Spanish colonization of Las Californias Province in the Viceroyalty of New Spain (colonial Mexico).
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Portuguese Americans (português-americanos), also known as Luso-Americans (luso-americanos) in English as well, are Americans whose ancestry originates in Portugal.
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Poverty is a state of deprivation, or a lack of the usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.
A power station (also referred to as a generating station, power plant, powerhouse, or generating plant) is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.
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A presidio (from the Spanish, presidir, meaning "to preside" or "to oversee") is a fortified base established by the Spanish in areas under their control or expansion like present Italy, Greece, North Africa, and North America between the 16th and 19th centuries.
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A primary election is an election that narrows the field of candidates before an election for office.
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Primula suffrutescens is a species of primrose known by the common name Sierra primrose.
New!!: California and Primula suffrutescens ·
A property tax (or millage tax) is a levy on property that the owner is required to pay.
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The family Proteidae is a group of aquatic salamanders found today in the Balkan Peninsula and North America.
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Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.
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The Public Policy Institute of California is an independent, nonpartisan, non-profit research institution.
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.
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Punjabi (Shahmukhi: پنجابی; Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 130 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 9th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.
New!!: California and Punjabi language ·
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.
Qualcomm Stadium (formerly San Diego Stadium and Jack Murphy Stadium) is a multi-purpose stadium in San Diego, California, in the Mission Valley area.
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Quercus lobata, commonly called the valley oak or roble, grows into the largest of North American oaks.
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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin (the only categories for ethnicity).
A rain shadow is a dry area on the lee side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).
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The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a trout and species of salmonid native to cold-water tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America.
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The Spanish and, later, Mexican governments encouraged settlement of territory now known as California by the establishment of large land grants called ranchos, from which the English word ranch is derived.
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Ranunculus is a large genus of about 600 species of plants in the Ranunculaceae.
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Rapid transit, also known as metro, subway, underground, or colloquially as "the train", is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
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Ratification is a principal's approval of an act of its agent where the agent lacked authority to legally bind the principal.
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Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals, or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property; (more generally) buildings or housing in general.
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In English common law, real property, real estate, realty, or immovable property is any subset of land that has been legally defined and the improvements to it have been made by human efforts: buildings, machinery, wells, dams, ponds, mines, canals, roads, etc.
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A recall election (also called a recall referendum or representative recall) is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before his or her term has ended.
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The Redwood National and State Parks (RNSP) are old-growth temperate rainforests located in the United States, along the coast of northern California.
A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.
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A relict is a surviving remnant of a natural phenomenon.
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Renewable energy is generally defined as energy that comes from resources which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.
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The Republican Party, commonly referred to as GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The reserve components of the United States Armed Forces are military organizations whose members generally perform a minimum of 39 days of military duty per year and who augment the active duty (or full-time) military when necessary.
The Ring of Fire is an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
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The ringtail (Bassariscus astutus) is a mammal of the raccoon family (thus not actually a cat), native to arid regions of North America.
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The roadrunner (genus Geococcyx), also known as a chaparral bird or chaparral cock, is a fast-running ground cuckoo that has a long tail and a crest.
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The Archdiocese of Los Angeles (Archidioecesis Angelorum in California, Arquidiócesis de Los Ángeles) is an archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the U.S. state of California.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco (Latin: Archdioecesis Sancti Francisci; Spanish: Arquidiócesis de San Francisco) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Catholic Church in the northern California region of the United States.
Romanian Americans (Romanian: român american) are Americans who have Romanian ancestry.
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The Roosevelt elk (Cervus canadensis roosevelti), also known as Olympic elk, is the largest of the four surviving subspecies of elk in North America.
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The Rose Bowl is an outdoor athletic stadium in Pasadena, California, just outside of Los Angeles.
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The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Year's Day) at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California.
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Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
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Russian America (Русская Америка, Russkaya Amerika) was the name of Russian colonial possessions in the Americas from 1733 to 1867.
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Russian Americans are primarily Americans who trace their ancestry to Russia.
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The Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian orthography: Россійская Имперія, Modern Russian: Российская империя, translit: Rossiyskaya Imperiya) was a state that existed from 1721 until overthrown by the short-lived liberal February Revolution in 1917.
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Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkiy yazyk, pronounced) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.
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The Russian River, a southward-flowing river, drains of Sonoma and Mendocino counties in Northern California.
Rusyn Americans (also known as Carpatho Rusyn Americans or Ruthenian Americans) are Americans whose ancestors were born in Carpathian Ruthenia.
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The Sacramento Kings are a professional basketball team based in Sacramento, California.
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The Greater Sacramento area, or officially Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Yuba City, CA-NV Combined Statistical Area, is a combined statistical area consisting of several metropolitan statistical areas and seven counties in Northern California and one in Western Nevada.
The Sacramento Regional Transit District, commonly referred to as RT, is the agency responsible for public transportation in the Sacramento, California area.
The Sacramento River is the principal river of Northern California in the United States, and is the largest river in California.
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The Sacramento Valley is the area of the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California that lies north of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and is drained by the Sacramento River.
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Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of government of Sacramento County.
The Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, or California Delta, is an expansive inland river delta and estuary in Northern California in the United States.
The Salinan Native Americans are a Native American tribe that lived in what is now the Central Coast of California, in the Salinas Valley.
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The Salinas River is the largest river of the central coast of California, running and draining 4,160 square miles.
The salt marsh harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys raviventris), also known as the red-bellied harvest mouse and sometimes called the saltmarsh harvest mouse, is an endangered rodent endemic to the San Francisco Bay Area salt marshes in California.
The Salton Sea is a shallow, saline, endorheic rift lake located directly on the San Andreas Fault, predominantly in California's Imperial and Coachella valleys.
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The Samoan people are a Polynesian ethnic group of the Samoan Islands, sharing genetics, language, history and culture.
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The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly 1300 km (810 miles) through California.
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San Benito County is a county located in the Coast Range Mountains of the U.S. state of California.
San Diego is a major city in California, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, approximately south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico.
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The San Diego Chargers are a professional American football team based in San Diego, California.
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San Diego County is a county located in the southwestern corner of the state of California.
The San Diego Padres are an American professional baseball franchise based in San Diego, California.
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The San Diego Trolley is a light rail system operating in the metropolitan area of San Diego.
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The San Diego Union-Tribune is a daily newspaper published in San Diego, California.
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California and the only consolidated city-county in California.
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The San Francisco 49ers are a professional American football team located in the San Francisco Bay Area.
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San Francisco Bay is a shallow estuary that drains water from approximately forty percent of California.
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The San Francisco Bay Area, commonly referred to as the Bay Area, is a populated region that surrounds the San Francisco and San Pablo estuaries in Northern California.
1906 earthquake and fire The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California, but distributed throughout the state from the Sacramento area and Emerald Triangle south to Santa Barbara County.
The San Francisco garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia) is a slender multi-colored subspecies of the common garter snake.
The San Francisco Giants are an American professional baseball franchise based in San Francisco, California.
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San Francisco International Airport is an international airport south of downtown San Francisco, California, United States, near Millbrae and San Bruno in unincorporated San Mateo County.
The San Francisco Municipal Railway (SF Muni or Muni) is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California.
The San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge (known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a complex of bridges spanning San Francisco Bay in California.
The San Gorgonio Pass Wind Farm is a wind farm located on the eastern slope of the San Gorgonio Pass in Riverside County, just east of White Water, California, United States.
San Joaquin is an officially designated state insignia, the state soil of the U.S. state of California.
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The San Joaquin River is the largest river of Central California in the United States.
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The San Joaquin Valley is the area of the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California that lies south of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and is drained by the San Joaquin River.
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The San Jose Earthquakes are an American professional soccer team based in San Jose, California, United States, that competes in the Western Conference of Major League Soccer (MLS).
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The San Jose Sharks are an American professional ice hockey team based in San Jose, California.
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San Jose (Spanish: St. Joseph) (sometimes spelled San José) is the third-largest city by population in California, the tenth-largest by population in the United States, and the county seat of Santa Clara County.
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San Mateo County (Spanish for "Saint Matthew") is a county located in the U.S. state of California.
The San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS) is an inoperative nuclear power plant located on the Pacific coast of California, in the northwestern corner of San Diego County, south of San Clemente, and situated in Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region IV.
The Santa Ana River is the largest river entirely within Southern California in the United States.
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The Santa Ana winds are strong, extremely dry down-slope winds that originate inland and affect coastal Southern California and northern Baja California.
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Santa Clara County, California, officially the County of Santa Clara, is a county located in the U.S. state of California.
VTA Light Rail is a light rail system serving San Jose, California and its suburbs in Silicon Valley.
Santa Clara, officially the City of Santa Clara, is a city in Santa Clara County, California, named after the Spanish mission that was established there in 1777.
Santa Cruz Island is the largest of the eight islands in the Channel Islands of California, located off the coast of California.
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São Paulo is a state in Brazil.
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Scandinavian Americans are Americans of Scandinavian (in the broad sense), or part-Scandinavian ancestry, defined in this article to include.
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Schinus is a genus of flowering trees and tall shrubs in the sumac family, Anacardiaceae.
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A school district is a form of special-purpose district which serves to operate local public primary and secondary schools.
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Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from the Irish province of Ulster who migrated to North America during the 18th and 19th centuries.
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Scottish Americans or Scots Americans (Scottish Gaelic: Ameireaganaich Albannach) are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Scotland, a constituent country of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
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Sebastián Vizcaíno (1548–1624) was a Spanish soldier, entrepreneur, explorer, and diplomat whose varied roles took him to New Spain, the Philippines, the Baja California peninsula, the California coast and Japan.
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In most jurisdictions, secondary education in the United States refers to the last four years of statutory formal education (grade nine through grade twelve) either at high school or split between a final year of 'junior high school' and three in high school.
The Secretary of State of California is the chief elections officer of that U.S. state.
Secularization or secularisation is the transformation of a society from close identification with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious (or irreligious) values and secular institutions.
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Senegalese Americans are Americans of Senegalese descent.
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The separation of powers, often imprecisely used interchangeably with the trias politica principle, is a model for the governance of a state (or who controls the state).
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Sequoia National Park is a national park in the southern Sierra Nevada east of Visalia, California, in the United States.
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Sequoia sempervirens Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607 is the sole living species of the genus Sequoia in the cypress family Cupressaceae (formerly treated in Taxodiaceae).
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Sequoiadendron giganteum (giant sequoia, giant redwood, Sierra redwood, Sierran redwood, or Wellingtonia) is the sole living species in the genus Sequoiadendron, and one of three species of coniferous trees known as redwoods, classified in the family Cupressaceae in the subfamily Sequoioideae, together with Sequoia sempervirens (coast redwood) and Metasequoia glyptostroboides (dawn redwood).
Serbian Americans are American citizens of Serbian ancestry.
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The serpentine group are greenish, brownish, or spotted minerals commonly found in serpentinite rocks.
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Shasta Dam (called Kennett Dam before its construction) is a concrete arch-gravity dam across the Sacramento River in Northern California in the United States.
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Sierra Leonean Americans are Americans who are descended from Sierra Leoneans.
The Sierra Nevada (or,, snowy range) is a mountain range in the western United States, between the Central Valley of California and the Basin and Range Province.
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Silicon Valley is a nickname for the southern portion of the San Francisco Bay Area, which is located in the part of the U.S. state of California known as Northern California.
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The city of Simi Valley (from the Chumash word, Shimiyi), located in the eponymous valley, is situated in the southeast corner of Ventura County, California, United States.
The Siskiyou Trail stretched from California's Central Valley to Oregon's Willamette Valley; modern-day Interstate 5 follows this pioneer path.
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In the history of the United States of America, a slave state was a U.S. state in which the practice of slavery was legal at a particular point of time, and a free state was one in which slavery was prohibited or being legally phased out at that point of time.
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Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel slavery that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries after it gained independence and before the end of the American Civil War.
Slavic Americans are Americans of Slavic descent.
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Slovak Americans are Americans of Slovak descent.
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Slovene Americans or Slovenian Americans (ameriški Slovenci, literally "American Slovenes") are Americans of full or partial Slovene ancestry.
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Smilodon, is an extinct genus of machairodont felid.
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The snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus), also called the varying hare, or snowshoe rabbit, is a species of hare found in North America.
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Social programs in the United States are welfare subsidies designed to aid the needs of the U.S.A. population.
Solar Energy Generating Systems (SEGS) in California, with the combined capacity from three separate locations at 354 megawatts (MW, 474,700 hp), is now the world's second largest solar thermal energy generating facility, after the commissioning of the even larger Ivanpah facility in 2014.
Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP).
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Somali Americans are Americans of Somali ancestry.
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South African Americans are Americans who have full or partial ancestry from South Africa.
The South Coast is a term used in the West Coast region of the United States to refer to both the south Pacific Coast of California and the adjacent resort and residential communities.
The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) is a Christian denomination based in the United States of America.
Southern California is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost 10 counties.
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Soviet people or Soviet nation (советский народ) or Citizens of the USSR (Граждане СССР) was an umbrella demonym for the population of the Soviet Union.
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The Spanish Empire (Imperio español) was one of the largest empires in world history and one of the first of global extent.
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Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
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The Spanish missions in Alta California comprise a series of 21 religious and military outposts; established by Catholic priests of the Franciscan order between 1769 and 1833, to spread Christianity among the local Native Americans.
Special district is a designation for entities in.
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Special-purpose districts or special district governments in the United States are independent governmental units that exist separately from, and with substantial administrative and fiscal independence from, general purpose local governments such as county, municipal, and township governments.
The Sprinter (styled in caps as SPRINTER) is a DMU-operated light rail line operating between Oceanside and Escondido, California, United States.
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A square dance is a dance for four couples (eight dancers) arranged in a square, with one couple on each side, facing the middle of the square.
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Squaw Valley Ski Resort in Olympic Valley, California, is one of the largest ski areas in the United States, and was the host site of the entire 1960 Winter Olympics.
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A stack interchange (also known as a butterfly junction) is a free-flowing, grade-separated junction between two roads.
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Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin and Putonghua, sometimes simply referred to as "Mandarin", is a standard language that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
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Stanford Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium in Stanford, California, on the campus of Stanford University.
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Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University) is a private research university in Stanford, California, and one of the world's most prestigious institutions, with the top position in numerous rankings and measures in the United States.
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The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.
The State Bar of California is California's official bar association.
State schools (also known as public schools, though not in EnglandIn England, some independent schools for 13-18 year-olds are known for historical reasons as 'public schools'.) generally refer to primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation.
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The Steller's jay (Cyanocitta stelleri) is a jay native to western North America, closely related to the blue jay found in the rest of the continent, but with a black head and upper body.
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Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide (through mitosis) to produce more stem cells.
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A student (also pupil) is a learner, or who attends an educational institution.
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The studio system is a method of film production and distribution dominated by a small number of "major" studios in Hollywood.
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The subarctic climate (also called subpolar climate or boreal climate) is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers.
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The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropic circle of latitude (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and the 38th parallel in each hemisphere.
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Sudanese Americans are Americans of North Sudanese ancestry, or North Sudanese who have American citizenship.
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The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad (French: Jeux olympiques d'été), first held in 1896, are an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by the International Olympic Committee.
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The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL), the highest level of professional football in the United States, culminating a season that begins in the late summer of the previous calendar year.
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Super Bowl 50, the 50th edition of the Super Bowl in American football, and the 46th modern-era National Football League (NFL) championship game, will decide the league champion for the 2015 NFL season.
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The Supreme Court of California is the court of last resort in the courts of the State of California.
The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Swedish Americans (Svenskamerikaner) are Americans of Swedish descent, most of whom have been the about 1.2 million immigrants from Sweden during 1885–1915 and their descendants.
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Swiss Americans are Americans of Swiss descent, including those whose ancestors spoke Swiss German, Swiss French, Swiss Italian, and Romansh.
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Syrian Americans are Americans of Syrian descent or background.
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Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.
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Taiwanese Americans are Americans of Taiwanese descent.
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Tax brackets are the divisions at which tax rates change in a progressive tax system (or an explicitly regressive tax system, although this is much rarer).
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Tax resistance is the refusal to pay tax because of opposition to the government that is imposing the tax or to government policy or as opposition to the concept of taxation in itself.
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Technology (from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation.
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The Tehachapi Mountains are a mountain range in the Transverse Ranges system of California in the Western United States.
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Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm is one of the first large-scale wind farms installed in the U.S. Renewable Energy World, 29 July 2010.
In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.
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A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office.
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Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second most populous and second largest state of the United States of America.
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The Beach Boys are an American rock band that were formed in Hawthorne, California in 1961.
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The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS Church or, informally, the Mormon Church) is a Christian restorationist church that is considered by its followers to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
The New York Times Company is an American media company which publishes its namesake, The New York Times.
The Press-Enterprise is a Pulitzer Prize-winning daily newspaper published by the Press-Enterprise Corp.
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Thomas Oliver Larkin (September 16, 1802 - October 27, 1858) was an early American businessman in Alta California, and was appointed to be the United States' first and only consul to Mexican Alta California.
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While scientific predictions of the future can never be absolutely certain, present understanding in various fields allows for the prediction of far future events, if only in the broadest strokes.
Tomales Bay is a long narrow inlet of the Pacific Ocean in Marin County in northern California in the United States.
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A towhee is any one of a number of species of birds in the genus Pipilo or Melozone within the family Emberizidae (which also includes the buntings, American sparrows, and juncos).
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Townsend's solitaire (Myadestes townsendi) is a medium-sized thrush, the only solitaire native to America north of Mexico.
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Traffic congestion is a condition on road networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
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The Transverse Ranges are a group of mountain ranges of southern California, in the Pacific Coast Ranges physiographic region in North America.
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The Treaty of Cahuenga, also called the "Capitulation of Cahuenga," ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in Alta California in 1847.
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The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo in Spanish), officially entitled the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, is the peace treaty signed on February 2, 1848, in the Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo (now a neighborhood of Mexico City) between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican–American War (1846–48).
A trial court is a court in which trials take place.
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The Tribune Media Company, also known as Tribune Media and formerly known as the Tribune Company, is an American multimedia corporation that is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
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Trillium (trillium, wakerobin, tri flower, birthroot, birthwort) is a genus of perennial flowering plants native to temperate regions of North America and Asia.
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Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans (also known as Trinbagonian Americans) are Americans of total or partial Trinidadian and Tobagonian ancestry or immigrants born in Trinidad and Tobago.
The Trinity River is the longest tributary of the Klamath River, approximately long,U.S. Geological Survey.
A tsunami (plural: tsunamis or tsunami; from 津波, lit. "harbor wave"; English pronunciation), also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.
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The grass Tuctoria mucronata, which is known by several common names including Solano grass, Crampton's tuctoria, and prickly spiralgrass, is a federally listed endangered plant species endemic to two counties in northern California.
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The tulip is a Eurasian and North African genus of perennial, bulbous plants in the lily family.
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The Tuolumne River (Yokutsan: Tawalimnu) is a California river that flows for from the central Sierra Nevada to the San Joaquin River in the Central Valley.
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Turkish Americans (Amerikalı Türkler) are Americans of Turkish descent or origin.
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U.S. Route 66 (US 66, Route 66) is a part of a former United States Numbered Highway in the state of California that ran from the east in Santa Monica on the Pacific Ocean through Los Angeles and San Bernardino to Needles at the Arizona state line.
A state of the United States of America is one of the 50 constituent political entities that shares its sovereignty with the United States federal government.
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Ugandan American are Americans of Ugandan descent.
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Ukrainian Americans (Українці Америки, Українці у США; translit. Ukrayintsi Ameriki, Ukrayintsi u SShA) are Americans who are of Ukrainian ancestry.
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Umbellularia californica is a large hardwood tree native to coastal forests of California and slightly extended into the state of Oregon.
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In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven American uniformed services.
The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.
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The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal government policy on farming, agriculture, forestry, and food.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is an agency of federal government within the U.S. Department of the Interior which is dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress (a bicameral legislature).
The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
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The United States presidential election of 1960 was the 44th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960.
The United States presidential election of 1964 was the 45th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1968 was the 46th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968.
The United States presidential election of 1972 was the 47th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1972.
The United States presidential election of 1976 was the 48th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976.
The United States presidential election of 1980 was the 49th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1984 was the 50th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1988 was the 51st quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1992 was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1996 was the 53rd quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2004 was the 55th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the U.S. House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.
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The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the U.S. state of California.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of Nebraska Press, founded in 1941, is an academic publisher of scholarly and general-interest books.
The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private not-for-profit and nonsectarian research university founded in 1880 with its main campus in the city area of Los Angeles, California.
Utah (or; (Áshįįh bi Tó Hahoodzo; Arapaho: Wo'tééneihí) is a state in the western United States. It became the 45th state admitted to the Union on January 4, 1896. Utah is the 13th-largest, the 33rd-most populous, and the 10th-least-densely populated of the 50 United States. Utah has a population of about 2.9 million, approximately 80% of whom live along the Wasatch Front, centering on Salt Lake City. Utah is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast. Approximately 62% of Utahns are reported to be members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or LDS (Mormons), which greatly influences Utah culture and daily life. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is located in Utah's state capital, Salt Lake City., the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, pp 99–100. Retrieved July 2, 2008. Utah is the most religiously homogeneous state in the United States, the only state with a Mormon majority, and the only state with a majority population belonging to a single church. The state is a center of transportation, education, information technology and research, government services, mining, and a major tourist destination for outdoor recreation. In 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Utah had the second fastest-growing population of any state. St. George was the fastest–growing metropolitan area in the United States from 2000 to 2005. Utah also has the 14th highest median average income out of U.S. states, and has the 2nd highest income when adjusted for cost of living. A 2012 Gallup national survey found Utah overall to be the "best state to live in" based on 13 forward-looking measurements including various economic, lifestyle, and health-related outlook metrics.
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UTC−07:00 is a time offset that subtracts 7 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
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UTC−08:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of −08.
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Vallejo (or; Spanish) is the largest city in Solano County, California, United States.
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The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and also known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
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Vietnamese Americans (Người Mỹ gốc Việt) are Americans of Vietnamese descent.
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Vietnamese (tiếng Việt) is an Austroasiatic language that originated in the north of Vietnam and is the national and official language of the country.
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Viola (and) is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae.
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Virgin Islands Americans are Americans from the U.S. Virgin Islands or British Virgin Islands who reside in the continental United States, or continental Americans of Virgin Islands heritage.
A volcano is a rupture on the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
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A vowel shift is a systematic sound change in the pronunciation of the vowel sounds of a language.
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Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
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Welsh Americans are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Wales.
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The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the term for the westernmost coastal states of the United States.
West Coast Swing (WCS) is a partner dance with roots in Lindy Hop.
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West Hollywood, colloquially referred to as WeHo, is a city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States.
West Indian Americans or Caribbean Americans are Americans who can trace their ancestry to the Caribbean.
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The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of the Earth that lies west of the Prime Meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the Antimeridian, the other half being called the Eastern Hemisphere.
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White Americans are people of the United States who are considered or reported as White.
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The White Mountains of California and Nevada are a triangular fault-block mountain range facing the Sierra Nevada across the upper Owens Valley.
White seabass or white weakfish, Atractoscion nobilis, is a species of croaker occurring from Magdalena Bay, Baja California, to Juneau, Alaska.
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The white-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii), also known as the prairie hare and the white jack, is a species of hare found in western North America.
Whiz Kids was a name given to a group of experts from RAND Corporation with which Robert McNamara surrounded himself in order to turn around the management of the United States Department of Defense (DoD) in the 1960s.
A wildfire or wildland fire is an uncontrolled fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside area.
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William Brown Ide (March 28, 1796 – December 19 or 20, 1852) was a California pioneer who headed the short-lived California Republic in 1846.
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As of June 2013, California has 5,829 megawatts (MW) of wind powered electricity generating capacity.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
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The Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) is a basketball association in the United States.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the Western United States.
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The yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is a species of tuna found in pelagic waters of tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide.
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Yerba Buena Island sits in the San Francisco Bay between San Francisco and Oakland, California.
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Yosemite National Park is a United States National Park spanning eastern portions of Tuolumne, Mariposa and Madera counties in the central eastern portion of the U.S. state of California, commonly referred to as Northern California.
Yosemite Valley is a glacial valley in Yosemite National Park in the western Sierra Nevada mountains of Northern California.
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Yucca brevifolia is a plant species belonging to the genus Yucca.
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Yugoslav Americans are Americans of full or partial Yugoslav ancestry.
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Zerene eurydice, the California dogface butterfly, is sometimes placed in the related genus as Colias eurydice.
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Zimbabwean Americans are Americans of full or partial Zimbabwean ancestry.
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The One Hundred Tenth United States Congress was the meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, between January 3, 2007, and January 3, 2009, during the last two years of the second term of President George W. Bush.
The One Hundred and Fourteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck the coast of Northern California at 5:12 a.m. on April 18 with a moment magnitude of 7.8 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).
The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was a major world wide multi-athletic event which was celebrated in 1932 in Los Angeles, California, United States.
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The 1960 Winter Olympics was a winter multi-sport event held between February 18–28, 1960 in Squaw Valley, California, United States.
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The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Los Angeles, California, United States in 1984.
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The 1994 FIFA World Cup was the 15th FIFA World Cup, held in nine cities across the United States from 17 June to 17 July 1994.
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The 1994 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match that took place at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California, United States, on 17 July 1994 to determine the winner of the 1994 FIFA World Cup.
The 2010 United States Census, known as "Census 2010", is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
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