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Callus (cell biology)

Index Callus (cell biology)

Plant callus (plural calluses or calli) is a growing mass of unorganized plant parenchyma cells. [1]

44 relations: Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Anthoceros agrestis, Auxin, Cell potency, Cellular differentiation, Ceratozamia euryphyllidia, Chimera (genetics), Cytokinin, Embryo rescue, Embryogenesis, Experiment, Explant culture, Food browning, Gene gun, Gibberellin, Ginkgo biloba, Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau, Hyperhydricity, In vitro, In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Plant, Jatropha curcas, Leaf, Lycopodiella inundata, Mass, Medicago truncatula, Meristem, Micronutrient, Micropropagation, Murashige and Skoog medium, Nicotiana glauca, Nitrogen, Nutrient, Organogenesis, Parenchyma, Petri dish, Phenols, Phosphorus, Plant hormone, Potassium, Pteris vittata, Somatic (biology), Somatic embryogenesis, Transgenesis, Treatment and control groups.

Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Agrobacterium tumefaciens (updated scientific name Rhizobium radiobacter, synonym Agrobacterium radiobacter) is the causal agent of crown gall disease (the formation of tumours) in over 140 species of eudicots.

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Anthoceros agrestis

Anthoceros agrestis, commonly called field hornwort, is a bryophyte of the Anthoceros genus.

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Auxins (plural of auxin) are a class of plant hormones (or plant growth regulators) with some morphogen-like characteristics.

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Cell potency

Cell potency is a cell's ability to differentiate into other cell types The more cell types a cell can differentiate into, the greater its potency.

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Cellular differentiation

In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process where a cell changes from one cell type to another.

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Ceratozamia euryphyllidia

Ceratozamia euryphyllidia is a species of plant in the Zamiaceae family.

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Chimera (genetics)

A genetic chimerism or chimera (also spelled chimaera) is a single organism composed of cells with distinct genotypes.

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Cytokinins (CK) are a class of plant growth substances (phytohormones) that promote cell division, or cytokinesis, in plant roots and shoots.

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Embryo rescue

Embryo rescue is one of the earliest and successful forms of in-vitro culture techniques that is used to assist in the development of plant embryos that might not survive to become viable plants.

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Embryogenesis is the process by which the embryo forms and develops.

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An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis.

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Explant culture

In biology, explant culture is a technique to organotypically culture cells from a piece or pieces of tissue or organ removed from a plant or animal.

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Food browning

Browning is the process of food turning brown due to the chemical reactions that take place within.

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Gene gun

A gene gun or a biolistic particle delivery system, originally designed for plant transformation, is a device for delivering exogenous DNA (transgenes) to cells.

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Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones that regulate various developmental processes, including stem elongation, germination, dormancy, flowering, flower development and leaf and fruit senescence.

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Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba, commonly known as ginkgo or gingko (both pronounced), also known as the maidenhair tree, is the only living species in the division Ginkgophyta, all others being extinct.

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Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau

Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau (20 July 1700, Paris13 August 1782, Paris), was a French physician, naval engineer and botanist.

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Hyperhydricity (previously known as vitrification) is a physiological malformation that results in excessive hydration, low lignification, impaired stomatal function and reduced mechanical strength of tissue culture-generated plants.

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In vitro

In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.

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In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Plant

In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Plant is a scientific journal devoted to in vitro biology in plants.

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Jatropha curcas

Jatropha curcas is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, that is native to the American tropics, most likely Mexico and Central America.

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A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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Lycopodiella inundata

Lycopodiella inundata is a species of club moss known by the common names inundated club moss, marsh clubmoss and northern bog club moss.

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Mass is both a property of a physical body and a measure of its resistance to acceleration (a change in its state of motion) when a net force is applied.

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Medicago truncatula

Medicago truncatula, the barrelclover, strong-spined medick, barrel medic, or barrel medick, is a small annual legume native to the Mediterranean region that is used in genomic research.

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A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.

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Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms in small quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health.

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Micropropagation is the practice of rapidly multiplying stock plant material to produce a large number of progeny plants, using modern plant tissue culture methods.

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Murashige and Skoog medium

Murashige and Skoog medium (or MSO or MS0 (MS-zero)) is a plant growth medium used in the laboratories for cultivation of plant cell culture.

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Nicotiana glauca

Nicotiana glauca is a species of wild tobacco known by the common name tree tobacco.

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Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.

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In animal development, organogenesis is the phase of embryonic development that starts at the end of gastrulation and goes until birth.

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Parenchyma is the bulk of a substance.

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Petri dish

A Petri dish (sometimes spelled "Petrie Dish" and alternatively known as a Petri plate or cell-culture dish), named after the German bacteriologist Julius Richard Petri, is a shallow cylindrical glass or plastic lidded dish that biologists use to culture cellssuch as bacteriaor small mosses.

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In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.

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Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.

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Plant hormone

Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.

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Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

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Pteris vittata

Pteris vittata, commonly known variously as the Chinese brake, Chinese ladder brake, or simply ladder brake, is a fern species in the Pteridoideae subfamily of the Pteridaceae.

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Somatic (biology)

The term somatic is often used in biology to refer to the cells of the body in contrast to the germ line cells which usually give rise to the gametes (ovum or sperm).

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Somatic embryogenesis

Somatic embryogenesis is an artificial process in which a plant or embryo is derived from a single somatic cell or group of somatic cells.

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Transgenesis is the process of introducing an exogenous gene—called a transgene—into a living organism so that the organism will exhibit a new property and transmit that property to its offspring.

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Treatment and control groups

In the design of experiments, treatments are applied to experimental units in the treatment group(s).

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Callus of cells.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Callus_(cell_biology)

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