449 relations: A cappella, Ad libitum, Adoption of Chinese literary culture, Air pollution, Amnesty International, Amputation, Angkor, Angkor Wat, Annamite Range, Apotropaic magic, Apsara, ASEAN Declaration, Asian Development Bank, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Austroasiatic languages, Austronesian languages, Avalokiteśvara, Avoirdupois system, Ayutthaya Kingdom, Óc Eo, Baguette, Baksei Chamkrong, Banlung, Banteay Meanchey Province, Bassac River, Battambang, Battambang Province, Bayon, BBC News, Beef ball, Bicameralism, Biodiversity, Black pepper, Bodhisattva, Bokator, Bokor Hill Station, Bolero, Bon Om Touk, Botum Sakor National Park, Buddhism, Buddhism in Cambodia, Bulk carrier, Bun Rany, Cambodia at the 1956 Summer Olympics, Cambodia national football team, Cambodian Campaign, Cambodian Civil War, Cambodian coup of 1970, Cambodian cuisine, ..., Cambodian general election, 1993, Cambodian genocide, Cambodian New Year, Cambodian People's Party, Cambodian riel, Cambodian–Thai border dispute, Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Carbon-14, Cardamom Mountains, Cassava, Catholic Church in Cambodia, Central Indochina dry forests, Cha-cha-cha (dance), Cham language, Champa, Chams, Chay Saing Yun, Chbar Mon (town), Chenla, Chey Chettha II, Child labour in Cambodia, Chinese Cambodian, Chinese folk religion, Circle dance, Civil engineering, Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea, Coconut milk, Cold War, Commander-in-chief, Commune council, Communist Party of Kampuchea, Confucianism, Constitutional monarchy, Corruption, Crimes against humanity, Culture of France, Curry, Cycle rickshaw, Cymbopogon, Dark ages of Cambodia, David P. Chandler, Dâmrei Mountains, Dângrêk Mountains, Deforestation in Cambodia, Democratic Kampuchea, Dengue Fever (band), Devaraja, Dictator, Diplomacy, Dominant-party system, Doun Kaev (town), Dragon boat, Earthworks (archaeology), East Asia, East Asia Summit, Eastern Bloc, Economic growth, Economic sanctions, Ecoregion, Elective monarchy, Encyclopædia Britannica, Environmental Performance Index, Equestrian at the Summer Olympics, Ethnic groups in Cambodia, Executive (government), Exonym and endonym, Fish sauce, France, Freedom House, French Indochina, French language, French language in Cambodia, French Protectorate of Cambodia, Freshwater swamp forest, Fried spider, Funan, GANEFO, George Cœdès, Ginger, God king, Great Leap Forward, Greater India, Greater Mekong Subregion, Green growth, Gross domestic product, Gulf of Thailand, Hacky sack, Han Chinese, Hard currency, Head of government, Head of state, Health in Cambodia, Heng Samrin, Hindu, Hinduism, Hip hop, History of Cambodia, History of slavery in Asia, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Hoabinhian, Holocene, Human Development Report, Human rights in Cambodia, Human Rights Watch, Hun Sen, Hunter-gatherer, Hydropower in the Mekong River Basin, Ieng Sary, Illegal logging, In Tam, Index of Cambodia-related articles, India, Indochina, Indravarman III, Infant mortality, Inland port, International Court of Justice, International Development Research Centre, International Federation for Human Rights, International Futures, International Labour Organization, International Monetary Fund, International Rice Research Institute, International trade, International Trade Union Confederation, Iron Age, Islam in Cambodia, Japanese occupation of Cambodia, Java, Jayavarman II, Jayavarman VIII, Kaffir lime, Kampong Cham (city), Kampong Cham Province, Kampong Chhnang (city), Kampong Chhnang Province, Kampong Speu Province, Kampong Thom city, Kampong Thom Province, Kampot (city), Kampot Province, Kandal Province, Kang Kek Iew, Kantrum, Karma, Kep (town), Kep Province, Khemarak Phoumin, Khmer alphabet, Khmer architecture, Khmer clothing, Khmer Empire, Khmer Krom, Khmer language, Khmer Loeu, Khmer people, Khmer People's National Liberation Front, Khmer Republic, Khmer Rouge, Khmer Rouge Killing Fields, Khmer Rouge Tribunal, Khmer traditional wrestling, Khorat Plateau, Kingdom of Cambodia (1953–70), Koh Kong Province, Korea International Cooperation Agency, Krama, Krasnoyarsk Time, Kratié (town), Kratié Province, Krong Ta Khmau District, Kublai Khan, Kuy teav, Land grabbing, Land mine, Land mines in Cambodia, Laos, Legislature, Library of Congress Country Studies, Life expectancy, List of current longest-ruling non-royal national leaders, List of Presidents of the National Assembly of Cambodia, List of Presidents of the Senate of Cambodia, List of trees of Cambodia, Lon Nol, Longvek, Madison (dance), Mahayana, Mahori, Maize, Malaria, Mammal, Man and the Biosphere Programme, Maritime boundary, Mekong, Mekong Delta, Memot District, Meng Keo Pichenda, Metres above sea level, Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts (Cambodia), Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport (Cambodia), Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (Cambodia), Ministry of National Defense (Cambodia), Modern Cambodia, Monarchy of Cambodia, Mondulkiri Province, Mongols, Monsoon, Multi-party system, Naresuan, National Assembly of Cambodia, Natural rubber, Neolithic, Neutral country, Nitrogen cycle, Nokor Reach, Non-Aligned Movement, Noodle soup, Norodom of Cambodia, Norodom Ranariddh, Norodom Sihamoni, Norodom Sihanouk, Northern Khmer people, Nuon Chea, Oddar Meanchey Province, Old-growth forest, Operation Eagle Pull, Operation Freedom Deal, Operation Menu, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Oudong, Outline of Cambodia, Oyster sauce, Pailin Province, Pallava script, Palm-leaf manuscript, Parliament, Parliament of Cambodia, Parliamentary system, People's Liberation Army, People's Republic of Kampuchea, Philippines, Phnom Aural, Phnom Penh, Phnom Penh International Airport, Phnom Tbeng Meanchey, Pinpeat, Pleistocene, Pol Pot, Politics of Cambodia, Population growth, Portugal, Pradal serey, Prahok, Prak Sokhonn, Preah Vihear Province, Preah Vihear Temple, Prey Veng (city), Prey Veng Province, Prime Minister of Cambodia, Prisoner of conscience, Proportional representation, Prostitution in Cambodia, Provinces of Cambodia, Ptolemy, Pursat, Pursat Province, Quartz, Quartzite, Railway Gazette International, Ramayana, Ratanakiri Province, Reamker, Rebirth (Buddhism), Red soil, Religion, Religion in Cambodia, Representative democracy, Reptile, Reuters, Rice, Rice noodles, Rice vermicelli, Rice wine, Richard Nixon, Riparian zone, Robert D. Kaplan, Rom kbach, Romvong, Ros Serey Sothea, Royal ballet of Cambodia, Royal Cambodian Air Force, Royal Cambodian Armed Forces, Royal Cambodian Army, Royal Cambodian Navy, Royal Council of the Throne, Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia, Sam-Ang Sam, Sampeah, Samraong (town), Sangkum, Sanitation, Say Chhum, Scallion, Seasonal tropical forest, Senate of Cambodia, Senmonorom, Serei Saophoan (city), Sesame, Shrimp, Siamese–Cambodian War (1591–1594), Siamese–Vietnamese War (1841–45), Siem Reap, Siem Reap International Airport, Siem Reap Province, Sihanoukville (city), Sihanoukville Province, Silk, Sinn Sisamouth, Sisowath Monivong, Sisowath Sirik Matak, Social norm, Sombai, South China Sea, South India, South Vietnam, Southeast Asia, Sovereign state, Soviet Union, Soy sauce, Soybean, Sri Lanka, Steung Treng Province, Strongman (politics), Stung Treng, Suong, Sustainability, Sustainable Development Goals, Suzerainty, Svay Rieng (town), Svay Rieng Province, Sweet potato, Takéo Province, Tamarind, Taoism, Tboung Khmum Province, Tea Banh, Telephone numbers in Cambodia, Territorial dispute, Territorial disputes in the South China Sea, Thailand, The Phnom Penh Post, Theravada, Ton, Tonlé Sap, Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve, Transparency International, Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, UNESCO, Unexploded ordnance, Unitary state, United Nations, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Security Council Resolution 109, United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia, United States Department of State, University of Washington, UTC+07:00, Vassal, Vassal state, Viet Cong, Vietnam, Vietnam War, Vietnamese Cambodians, Vietnamese people, Vigna subterranea, Vocational education, War crime, Water resource management, World Bank, World Economic Forum, World Food Programme, World Heritage site, World Justice Project, World music, World Trade Organization, World Wide Fund for Nature, Yeay Mao, Yellow badge, Yorm Bopha, .kh, 102nd meridian east, 108th meridian east, 10th parallel north, 15th parallel north, 1972 AFC Asian Cup, 1991 Paris Peace Accords, 1997 clashes in Cambodia. 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A cappella (Italian for "in the manner of the chapel") music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way.
Ad libitum is Latin for "at one's pleasure" or "as you desire"; it is often shortened to "ad lib" (as an adjective or adverb) or "ad-lib" (as a verb or noun).
Chinese writing, culture and institutions were imported as a whole by Vietnam, Korea, Japan and the Ryukyus over an extended period.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
Angkor (អង្គរ, "Capital City")Headly, Robert K.; Chhor, Kylin; Lim, Lam Kheng; Kheang, Lim Hak; Chun, Chen.
Angkor Wat (អង្គរវត្ត, "Capital Temple") is a temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world, on a site measuring.
The Annamite Range or the Annamese Mountains (Chaîne Annamitique; ພູ ຫລວງ Xai Phou Luang; Dãy Trường Sơn) is a mountain range of eastern Indochina, which extends approximately through Laos, Vietnam, and a small area in northeast Cambodia.
Apotropaic magic (from Greek "to ward off" from "away" and "to turn") is a type of magic intended to turn away harm or evil influences, as in deflecting misfortune or averting the evil eye.
An apsara, also spelled as apsaras by the Oxford Dictionary (respective plurals apsaras and apsarases), is a female spirit of the clouds and waters in Hindu culture.
The ASEAN Declaration or Bangkok Declaration is the founding document of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966, which is headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries that promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration amongst its members, other Asian countries, and globally.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
The Austroasiatic languages, formerly known as Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of Mainland Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of China, with around 117 million speakers.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
Avalokiteśvara (अवलोकितेश्वर) is a bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas.
The avoirdupois system (abbreviated avdp) is a measurement system of weights which uses pounds and ounces as units.
The Ayutthaya Kingdom (อยุธยา,; also spelled Ayudhya or Ayodhaya) was a Siamese kingdom that existed from 1351 to 1767.
Óc Eo (French, from អូរកែវ,: if the Khmer appears too small, kindly download better fonts--> O Keo, "Glass Canal") is an archaeological site in Thoại Sơn District in southern An Giang Province, Vietnam, in the Mekong River Delta.
A baguette is a long, thin loaf of French bread that is commonly made from basic lean dough (the dough, though not the shape, is defined by French law).
Baksei Chamkrong (ប្រាសាទបក្សីចាំក្រុង) is a small Hindu temple located in the Angkor complex (Siem Reap, Cambodia).
Banlung (បានលុង) is the capital of Ratanakiri Province in northeastern Cambodia.
Banteay Meanchey (ខេត្តបន្ទាយមានជ័យ,, "Fortress of Victory") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the far northwest.
The Bassac River (commonly called Tonle Bassac ទន្លេបាសាក់) is a distributary of the Tonlé Sap and Mekong River.
Battambang (ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង; Batdâmbâng) or Krong Battambang (ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង, Battambang City) is the capital city of Battambang province in north western Cambodia.
Battambang (បាត់ដំបង,, "Loss of Stick") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the far northwest.
The Bayon (ប្រាសាទបាយ័ន, Prasat Bayon) is a well-known and richly decorated Khmer temple at Angkor in Cambodia.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Beef ball is a commonly cooked food in Canton and overseas Chinese communities which was originated by Teochew people.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.
In Buddhism, Bodhisattva is the Sanskrit term for anyone who has generated Bodhicitta, a spontaneous wish and compassionate mind to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings. Bodhisattvas are a popular subject in Buddhist art.
Bokator, or more formally, L'bokator (ល្បុក្កតោ) is a Kamen martial art that includes weapon technique.
Bokor Hill Station (in កស្ថានីយភ្នំបូកគោ Kosthany Phnom Bokor) refers to a collection of French colonial buildings (hotel & casino, church, royal residence etc.), constructed as a temperate mountain luxury resort and retreat for colonial residents in the early 1920s atop Bokor Mountain in Preah Monivong National Park, about west of Kampot in southern Cambodia.
Bolero is a genre of slow-tempo Latin music and its associated dance.
Bon Om Touk (បុណ្យអុំទូក), or the Cambodian Water Festival, is a Cambodian festival celebrated in November and marks a reversal of the flow of the Tonle Sap River.
Botum Sakor National Park (ឧទ្យានជាតិបុទុមសាគរ - Outtyeancheat Botum Sakor) is the largest national park of Cambodia.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Buddhism in Cambodia is currently a form of Theravada Buddhism.
A bulk carrier, bulk freighter, or colloquially, bulker is a merchant ship specially designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo, such as grains, coal, ore, and cement in its cargo holds.
Bun Rany (ប៊ុន រ៉ានី; born Bun Sam Hieng, 15 December 1954) is a Cambodian humanitarian worker, nurse and, as the wife of long-time Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, First Lady of Cambodia.
Cambodia competed in the Olympic Games for the first time at the 1956 Summer Olympics.
The Cambodia national football team (ក្រុមបាល់ទាត់ជម្រើសជាតិកម្ពុជា) is the national team of the Kingdom of Cambodia and is controlled by the Football Federation of Cambodia (FFC).
The Cambodian Campaign (also known as the Cambodian Incursion and the Cambodian Invasion) was a series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia during 1970 by the United States and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) as an extension of the Vietnam War and the Cambodian Civil War.
The Cambodian Civil War (សង្គ្រាមស៊ីវិលកម្ពុជា) was a military conflict that pitted the forces of the Communist Party of Kampuchea (known as the Khmer Rouge) and their allies the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Viet Cong against the government forces of the Kingdom of Cambodia and, after October 1970, the Khmer Republic, which were supported by the United States (U.S.) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).
The Cambodian coup of 1970 (រដ្ឋប្រហារឆ្នាំ ១៩៧០) refers to the removal of the Cambodian Head of State, Prince Norodom Sihanouk, after a vote in the National Assembly on 18 March 1970.
Khmer cuisine (សិល្បៈខាងធ្វើម្ហូបខ្មែរ) or, more generally, Cambodian cuisine, is the traditional cuisine of the people of Cambodia.
A general election was held in Cambodia between 23 and 28 May 1993.
The Cambodian genocide (របបប្រល័យពូជសាសន៍) was carried out by the Khmer Rouge regime under the leadership of Pol Pot, killing approximately 1.5 to 3 million Cambodian people from 1975 to 1979.
Cambodian New Year (បុណ្យចូលឆ្នាំថ្មី) or Choul Chnam Thmey in the Khmer language, literally "Enter New Year", is the name of the Cambodian holiday that celebrates the traditional Lunar New Year.
The Cambodian People's Party (គណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា, Kanakpak Pracheachon Kâmpuchéa; CPP; Parti du peuple cambodgien), founded as the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (គណបក្សប្រជាជនបដិវត្តន៍កម្ពុជា, KPRP), is the current ruling political party of Cambodia.
The riel (រៀល; sign: ៛; code: KHR) is the currency of Cambodia.
The Cambodian–Thai border dispute began in June 2008 as the latest round of a century-long dispute between Cambodia and Thailand involving the area surrounding the 11th century Preah Vihear Temple, in the Dângrêk Mountains between the Choam Khsant district in the Preah Vihear Province of northern Cambodia and the Kantharalak district (amphoe) in Sisaket Province of northeastern Thailand.
The Cambodian–Vietnamese War, otherwise known in Vietnam as the "Counter-offensive on the Southwestern border" ("Chiến dịch Phản công Biên giới Tây-Nam) was an armed conflict between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Democratic Kampuchea.
Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.
The Krâvanh Mountains, literally the "Cardamom Mountains" (ជួរភ្នំក្រវាញ, Chuor Phnom Krâvanh; ทิวเขาบรรทัด, Thio Khao Banthat), is a mountain range in the south west of Cambodia and Eastern Thailand.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
The Catholic Church in Cambodia is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome.
The Central Indochina dry forests are a large tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests ecoregion in Southeast Asia.
The cha-cha-chá, or simply cha-cha in the U.S., is a dance of Cuban origin.
Cham is the language of the Cham people of Southeast Asia, and formerly the language of the kingdom of Champa in central Vietnam.
Champa (Chăm Pa) was a collection of independent Cham polities that extended across the coast of what is today central and southern Vietnam from approximately the 2nd century AD before being absorbed and annexed by Vietnamese Emperor Minh Mạng in AD 1832.
The Chams, or Cham people (Cham: Urang Campa, người Chăm or người Chàm, ជនជាតិចាម), are an ethnic group of Austronesian origin in Southeast Asia.
Chay Saing Yun is a Cambodian politician.
Krong Chbar Mon (ក្រុងច្បារមន) is the capital of Kampong Speu Province in central Cambodia.
Chenla or Zhenla (ចេនឡា; Chân Lạp) is the Chinese designation for the successor polity of the Kingdom of Funan preceding the Khmer Empire that existed from around the late sixth to the early ninth century in Indochina.
Chey Chettha II (ជ័យជេដ្ឋាទី២, 1576–1628) was a king of Cambodia who reigned from Oudong, about 40 km northwest of modern-day Phnom Penh, from 1618 to 1628.
Child labour refers to the full-time employment of children under a minimum legal age.
Chinese Cambodians are Cambodian citizens of Chinese or partial Chinese descent.
Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.
Circle dance, or chain dance, is a style of dance done in a circle or semicircle to musical accompaniment, such as rhythm instruments and singing.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
The Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea (CGDK, រដ្ឋាភិបាលចំរុះកម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ, Odthaphibeal Chamrouh Kampouchea Brachathibtey); renamed to the National Government of Cambodia (NGC, រដ្ឋាភិបាលជាតិនៃកម្ពុជា, Rodthaphibeal Cheate nei Kampouchea) from 1990, was a coalition government in exile composed of three Cambodian political factions: Prince Norodom Sihanouk's Funcinpec party, the Party of Democratic Kampuchea (often referred to as the Khmer Rouge) and the Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF) formed in 1982, broadening the de facto deposed Democratic Kampuchea regime.
Coconut milk is the liquid that comes from the grated meat of a mature coconut.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
There are 1,646 Communes/Sangkats in Cambodia.
The Communist Party of Kampuchea (បក្សកុម្មុយនីស្តកម្ពុជា or បក្សកុម្មុយនីសកម្ពុជា; CPK), also known as Khmer Communist Party, was a communist party in Cambodia.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
Corruption is a form of dishonesty undertaken by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit.
Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population.
The culture of Paris,in France and of the French people has been shaped by geography, by profound historical events, and by foreign and internal forces and groups.
Curry (sometimes, plural curries) is an umbrella term referring to a number of dishes originating in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent.
The cycle rickshaw is a small-scale local means of transport; it is also known by a variety of other names such as bike taxi, velotaxi, pedicab, bikecab, cyclo, beca, becak, trisikad, or trishaw.
Cymbopogon, better known as lemongrass, is a genus of Asian, African, Australian, and tropical island plants in the grass family.
The Dark ages of Cambodia, also called the Middle Period, refers to the historical era from the early 15th century to 1863, the beginning of the French Protectorate of Cambodia.
David Porter Chandler (born 1933) is an American historian and academic who is regarded as one of the foremost western scholars of Cambodia's modern history.
The Dâmrei Mountains (literally the "Elephant Mountains", ភ្នំដំរី., Chuŏr Phnum Dâmrei), refer to a mountain range situated in south-western Cambodia, traversing around north-south as a succession of the Cardamom Mountains, dropping abruptly to the sea near the town of Kampot.
The Dângrêk Range (Khmer: ជួរភ្នំដងរែក, Chuor Phnom Dângrêk; ทิวเขาพนมดงรัก,,; Lao: Sayphou Damlek), meaning "Carrying-Pole Mountains" in Khmer, is a mountain range forming a natural border between Cambodia and Thailand.
Cambodia is one of the world's most forest endowed countries that has not yet been drastically deforested.
The state of Kampuchea (កម្ពុជា; Kâmpŭchéa; Kampuchéa), officially Democratic Kampuchea (DK; កម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ; Kâmpŭchéa Prâcheathippadey; Kampuchéa démocratique), existed between 1975 and 1979 in present-day Cambodia.
Dengue Fever is an American band from Los Angeles who combine Cambodian rock and pop music of the 1960s and 70s with psychedelic rock and other world music styles.
"Devarāja" is the cult of the "god-king", or deified king in Southeast Asia.
A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
A dominant-party system, or one-party dominant system, is a system where there is "a category of parties/political organisations that have successively won election victories and whose future defeat cannot be envisaged or is unlikely for the foreseeable future."Suttner, R. (2006), "Party dominance 'theory': Of what value?", Politikon 33 (3), pp.
Krong Doun Keo (ក្រុងដូនកែវ; literally "Crystal Grandmother") is the capital of Takéo Province, Cambodia.
A dragon boat is a human-powered watercraft.
In archaeology, earthworks are artificial changes in land level, typically made from piles of artificially placed or sculpted rocks and soil.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian, Southeast Asian and South Asian regions.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
Economic sanctions are commercial and financial penalties applied by one or more countries against a targeted country, group, or individual.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
An elective monarchy is a monarchy ruled by an elected monarch, in contrast to a hereditary monarchy in which the office is automatically passed down as a family inheritance.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is a method of quantifying and numerically marking the environmental performance of a state's policies.
Equestrianism made its Summer Olympics debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France.
The largest of the ethnic groups in Cambodia are the Khmer, who comprise approximately 90% of the total population and primarily inhabit the lowland Mekong subregion and the central plains.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect.
Fish sauce is a condiment made from fish coated in salt and fermented from weeks to up to two years.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Freedom House is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) U.S. government-funded non-governmental organization (NGO) that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom, and human rights.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Cambodia is the smallest of the three Francophone communities in Southeast Asia, the others being found in Vietnam and Laos.
The French Protectorate of Cambodia (ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាក្រោមអាណាព្យាបាលបារាំង; Protectorat français du Cambodge) refers to the Kingdom of Cambodia when it was a French protectorate within French Indochina — a collection of Southeast Asian protectorates within the French Colonial Empire.
Freshwater swamp forests, or flooded forests, are forests which are inundated with freshwater, either permanently or seasonally.
Fried spider is a regional delicacy in Cambodia.
Funan, (ហ្វូណន - Fonon), (Phù Nam) or Nokor Phnom (នគរភ្នំ) was the name given by Chinese cartographers, geographers and writers to an ancient Indianised state—or, rather a loose network of states (Mandala)—located in mainland Southeast Asia centered on the Mekong Delta that existed from the first to sixth century CE.
The Games of the New Emerging Forces (GANEFO) were the games set up by Indonesia as a counter to the Olympic Games.
George Cœdès (10 August 1886 – 2 October 1969) was a 20th-century French scholar of southeast Asian archaeology and history.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.
God king or God-King, god-king is a term for a deified ruler or euhemerized pagan deity, in particular used of.
The Great Leap Forward of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 1958 to 1962.
The term Greater India is most commonly used to encompass the historical and geographic extent of all political entities of the Indian subcontinent, and the regions which are culturally linked to India or received significant Indian cultural influence.
The Greater Mekong Subregion, or just Greater Mekong, is an international region of the Mekong River basin in Southeast Asia.
Green growth is a term to describe a path of economic growth that uses natural resources in a sustainable manner.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The Gulf of Thailand, formerly the Gulf of Siam, is a shallow inlet in the western part of the South China and Eastern Archipelagic Seas, a marginal body of water in the western Pacific Ocean.
A hacky sack or footbag is a small, round bag filled with dry grain (e.g. rice) or sand, which is kicked into the air as part of a competitive game or as a display of dexterity.
The Han Chinese,.
Hard currency, safe-haven currency or strong currency is any globally traded currency that serves as a reliable and stable store of value.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
The quality of health in Cambodia is rising along with its growing economy.
Heng Samrin (ហេង សំរិន; born 25 May 1934) is a Cambodian politician who was the de facto leader of the Hanoi-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea from 1979 to 1981 and General Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party from 1981 to 1991.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
The history of Cambodia, a country in mainland Southeast Asia, can be traced back to at least the 5th millennium BC.
Slavery has existed all throughout Asia, and forms of slavery still exist today.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
The term Hòa Bình culture (Văn hóa Hòa Bình, in French culture de Hoà Bình) was first used by French archaeologists working in Northern Vietnam to describe Holocene period archaeological assemblages excavated from rock shelters.
The Holocene is the current geological epoch.
The Human Development Report (HDR) is an annual milestone published by the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The human rights situation in Cambodia is facing growing criticisms both within the country and an increasingly alarmed international community.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
Hun Sen (ហ៊ុន សែន; born 5 August 1952) is a Cambodian politician and the Prime Minister of Cambodia, President of the Cambodian People's Party (CPP) and Member of Parliament (MP) for Kandal.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
The estimated hydropower potential of the lower Mekong Basin (i.e., excluding China) is 30,000 MW, while that of the upper Mekong Basin is 28,930 MW.
Ieng Sary (អៀង សារី; 24 October 1925 – 14 March 2013) was a co-founder and senior member of the Khmer Rouge.
Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale of timber in violation of laws.
In Tam (អ៊ិន តាំ; September 22, 1922April 1, 2006) was a former Prime Minister of Cambodia.
Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Cambodia and Cambodian culture include.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indochina, originally Indo-China, is a geographical term originating in the early nineteenth century and referring to the continental portion of the region now known as Southeast Asia.
Indravarman III (ឥន្ទ្រវរ្ម័នទី៣), also titled Srindravarman (ស្រីន្ទ្រវរ្ម័ន) was a ruler of the Khmer Empire from 1295 to 1308.
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
An inland port is a port on an inland waterway, such as a river, lake, or canal, which may or may not be connected to the ocean.
The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).
The International Development Research Centre (IDRC; Français: Centre de recherches pour le développement international; CRDI) is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that invests in knowledge, innovation, and solutions to improve lives and livelihoods in the developing world.
The International Federation for Human Rights (Fédération internationale des ligues des droits de l'homme; FIDH) is a non-governmental federation for human rights organizations.
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is an international agricultural research and training organization with headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna in the Philippines and offices in seventeen countries with ~1,300 staff.
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC; Confédération syndicale internationale (CSI); Internationaler Gewerkschaftsbund (IGB); Confederación Sindical Internacional (CSI)) is the world's largest trade union federation.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Islam is the religion of a majority of the Cham (also called Khmer Islam) and Malay minorities in Cambodia.
The Japanese occupation of Cambodia was the period of Cambodian history during World War II when the Kingdom of Cambodia was occupied by the Japanese.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Jayavarman II (ជ័យវរ្ម័នទី២) (c. 770–835) was a 9th-century king of Cambodia, widely recognized as the founder of the Khmer Empire, the dominant civilisation on the Southeast Asian mainland until the mid 15th century.
Jayavarman VIII (ជ័យវរ្ម័នទី៨), posthumous name Paramesvarapada, was one of the prominent kings of the Khmer empire.
Citrus hystrix, called the kaffir lime, makrut lime or Mauritius papeda, is a citrus fruit native to tropical Asia, including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
Kampong Cham (ក្រុងកំពង់ចាម) is the capital city of Kampong Cham Province in eastern Cambodia.
Kampong Cham (ខេត្តកំពង់ចាម,, "Port of the Chams") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located on the central lowlands of the Mekong River.
Kampong Chhnang is the capital city of Kampong Chhnang Province, in central Cambodia.
Kampong Chhnang (ខេត្តកំពង់ឆ្នាំង,, "Port of Pottery") is one of the central provinces (khaet) of Cambodia.
Kampong Speu (ខេត្តកំពង់ស្ពឺ,, "Starfruit Port") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
Kampong Thom (ក្រុងកំពង់ធំ krong kampongthom, "Grand Port") is the capital city of Kampong Thom Province, Cambodia lying on the bank of the Steung Saen River.
Kampong Thom (កំពង់ធំ,, "Great Port") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
Kampot (ក្រុងកំពត) is a city in southern Cambodia and the capital of Kampot Province.
Kampot (ខេត្តកំពត) is a (south west province) province (khaet) of Cambodia.
Kandal (កណ្ដាល., "Central") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the southeast portion of the country.
Kang Kek Iew or Kaing Kek Iev, also romanized as Kaing Guek Eav (កាំង ហ្គេកអ៊ាវ), nom de guerre Comrade Duch or Deuch (មិត្តឌុច); or Hang Pin, (born 17 November 1942) is a prisoner, war criminal and former leader in the Khmer Rouge movement, which ruled Democratic Kampuchea from 1975 to 1979.
Kantrum (Thai กันตรึม) is a type of folk music played by the Khmer in Isan, Thailand, living near the border with Cambodia.
Karma (karma,; italic) means action, work or deed; it also refers to the spiritual principle of cause and effect where intent and actions of an individual (cause) influence the future of that individual (effect).
Krong Kep is the capital of Kep province in southern Cambodia.
Kep (កែប) also romanized as Kaeb (កែប, "Saddle") formally known as Kep Province (ខេត្តកែប) is the smallest province (khaet) of Cambodia covering, with a population of 40,280.
Krong Khemarak Phoumin (ក្រុងខេមរភូមិន្ទ) is the capital and largest city of Koh Kong Province in Cambodia.
The Khmer alphabet or Khmer script (អក្សរខ្មែរ) Huffman, Franklin.
In Khmer architecture (ស្ថាបត្យកម្មខ្មែរ), the period of Angkor is the period in the history of the Khmer Empire from approximately the later half of the 8th century AD to the first half of the 15th century CE.
Khmer clothing refers to the styles of dress worn by the Khmer people from ancient times to the present.
The Khmer Empire (Khmer: ចក្រភពខ្មែរ: Chakrphup Khmer or អាណាចក្រខ្មែរ: Anachak Khmer), officially the Angkor Empire (Khmer: អាណាចក្រអង្គរ: Anachak Angkor), the predecessor state to modern Cambodia ("Kampuchea" or "Srok Khmer" to the Khmer people), was a powerful Hindu-Buddhist empire in Southeast Asia.
The Khmer Krom (ខ្មែរក្រោម, Khơ Me Crộm) are ethnically Khmer people living in the south western part of Vietnam, where they are recognized as one of Vietnam's fifty-three ethnic minorities.
Khmer or Cambodian (natively ភាសាខ្មែរ phiəsaa khmae, or more formally ខេមរភាសា kheemaʾraʾ phiəsaa) is the language of the Khmer people and the official language of Cambodia.
Khmer Loeu (kʰmae ləː, "upland Khmer"), is the collective name given to the various indigenous ethnic groups residing in the highlands of Cambodia.
Khmer people (ខ្មែរ,, Northern Khmer pronunciation) are a Southeast Asian ethnic group native to Cambodia, accounting for 97.6% of the country's 15.9 million people.
The Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF) was a political front organized in 1979 in opposition to the Vietnamese-installed People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK) regime in Cambodia.
The Khmer Republic (Khmer: សាធារណរដ្ឋខ្មែរ, République khmère) was the pro–United States military-led republican government of Cambodia that was formally declared on 9 October 1970.
The Khmer Rouge ("Red Khmers"; ខ្មែរក្រហម Khmer Kror-Horm) was the name popularly given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea and by extension to the regime through which the CPK ruled Cambodia between 1975 and 1979.
The Cambodian Killing Fields (វាលពិឃាត) are a number of sites in Cambodia where collectively more than a million people were killed and buried by the Khmer Rouge regime, during its rule of the country from 1975 to 1979, immediately after the end of the Cambodian Civil War (1970–1975).
The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC; Chambres extraordinaires au sein des tribunaux cambodgiens (CETC); អង្គជំនុំជម្រះវិសាមញ្ញក្នុjងតុលាការកម្ពុជា), commonly known as the Cambodia Tribunal or Khmer Rouge Tribunal (សាលាក្ដីខ្មែរក្រហម), is a court established to try the most senior responsible members of the Khmer Rouge for alleged violations of international law and serious crimes perpetrated during the Cambodian genocide.
Khmer traditional wrestling (បោកចំបាប់ - Baok Cham Bab) is a folk wrestling style from Cambodia.
The Khorat Plateau (ที่ราบสูงโคราช) is a plateau in the northeastern Isan region of Thailand.
The Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Royaume du Cambodge), informally known as the first Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជាទី ១) and the Sangkum Reastr Niyum era (សម័យសង្គមរាស្ត្រនិយម "People's Socialist Community"; Communauté socialiste populaire), referred to Norodom Sihanouk's first administration of Cambodia from 1953 to 1970, an especially significant time in the country's history.
Koh Kong (ខេត្តកោះកុង;, "Kong Island") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA, Korean: 한국국제협력단, Hanja: 韓國國際協力團) was established in 1991 by the South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade as a governmental organization for Official Development Assistance (ODA) to enhance the effectiveness of South Korea's grant aid programs for developing countries by implementing the government's grant aid and technical cooperation programs.
A krama (ក្រមារ) is a sturdy traditional Cambodian garment with many uses, including as a scarf, bandanna, to cover the face, for decorative purposes, and as a hammock for children.
Krasnoyarsk Time (KRAT) is the time zone seven hours ahead of UTC (UTC+7) and 4 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+4).
Kratié is the capital of Kratié Province in eastern Cambodia.
Kratié or Kraches (ក្រចេះ, "Powder Cosmetic") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the northeast.
Krong Ta Khmau (ក្រុងតាខ្មៅ, literally: "Black Grandfather") is the capital and largest city of Kandal Province in central Cambodia.
Kublai (Хубилай, Hubilai; Simplified Chinese: 忽必烈) was the fifth Khagan (Great Khan) of the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls), reigning from 1260 to 1294 (although due to the division of the empire this was a nominal position).
Kuy teav (គុយទាវ) is a noodle soup consisting of rice noodles with pork stock and toppings.
Land grabbing is the contentious issue of large-scale land acquisitions: the buying or leasing of large pieces of land by domestic and transnational companies, governments, and individuals.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
Cambodia is a country located in South East Asia that has a major problem with landmines, especially in rural areas.
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.
Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.
This list of current longest ruling non-royal national leaders is a list of the current living longest ruling heads of nation-states or national governments, who are not royalty, and have served ten years or longer, sorted by length of tenure.
The President of the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Cambodia (ប្រធានរដ្ឋសភានៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Président de l'Assemblée nationale du Cambodge) is the presiding officer of the lower chamber of the legislature.
The President of the Senate of Cambodia (ប្រធានព្រឹទ្ធសភានៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Président du Sénat du Cambodge) is the presiding officer of the upper chamber of the legislature.
The following 'List of Tree Species' in Cambodia has been based on one prepared in 2004 with the support of DANIDA project; the original document gives Khmer names for species shown here (with corrections and links).
Marshal Lon Nol (លន់ នល់, also លន់ ណុល; November 13, 1913 – November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and general who served as Prime Minister of Cambodia twice (1966–67; 1969–71), as well as serving repeatedly as Defense Minister.
Lungvek or Lavek (លង្វែក or ល្វែក; meaning "intersection" or "crossroads") was a city in ancient Cambodia, the capital city of the country after the sacking of Angkor by the Siamese in 1431.
The Madison is a novelty dance that was popular in the late 1950s to mid-1960s.
Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, if Vajrayana is counted separately) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.
The mahori (มโหรี) is a form of Thai classical ensemble traditionally played in the royal courts for the purpose of secular entertainment.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an intergovernmental scientific programme, launched in 1971 by UNESCO, that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments.
A maritime boundary is a conceptual division of the Earth's water surface areas using physiographic or geopolitical criteria.
The Mekong is a trans-boundary river in Southeast Asia.
The Mekong Delta (Đồng bằng Sông Cửu Long, "Nine Dragon river delta" or simply Đồng Bằng Sông Mê Kông, "Mekong river delta"), also known as the Western Region (Miền Tây) or the South-western region (Tây Nam Bộ) is the region in southwestern Vietnam where the Mekong River approaches and empties into the sea through a network of distributaries.
Memot District (ស្រុកមេមត់) is a district (srok) located in Tboung Khmum Province, Cambodia.
Meng Keo Pichenda is a popular singer in Cambodia, and has been contracted to many companies for her services.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
The Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts (Khmer: ក្រសួងវប្បធម៌ និងវិចិត្រសិល្បៈ) (MoFA) is the government ministry with a mandate to promote, encourage and support the fine arts of Cambodia.
The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport (Khmer: ក្រសួងអប់រំ យុវជន និងកីឡា) (MoEYS) is the government ministry responsible for promoting and regulating education, youth and sport development, in Cambodia.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (Khmer: ក្រសួងការបរទេស និងសហប្រតិបត្តិការអន្តរជាតិ, Ministère des affaires étrangères et de la coopération internationale) is the government ministry responsible for representing Cambodia to the international community.
The Ministry of National Defense (Khmer:ក្រសួងការពារជាតិ) is charged with supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces.
After the fall of the Pol Pot regime of Democratic Kampuchea, Cambodia was under Vietnamese occupation and a pro-Hanoi government, the People's Republic of Kampuchea was established.
The King of Cambodia (ព្រះមហាក្សត្រនៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Roi du Royaume du Cambodge) is the head of state of the Kingdom of Cambodia.
Mondulkiri, officially Mondul Kiri (មណ្ឌលគិរី,, "Mountain of Mandala"), is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.
Naresuan (นเรศวร) or Sanphet II (สรรเพชญ์ที่ 2) was the King of the Ayutthaya Kingdom from 1590 and overlord of Lan Na from 1602 until his death in 1605.
The National Assembly (រដ្ឋសភា, Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Cambodia.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
A neutral country is a state, which is either neutral towards belligerents in a specific war, or holds itself as permanently neutral in all future conflicts (including avoiding entering into military alliances such as NATO).
The nitrogen cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which nitrogen is converted into multiple chemical forms as it circulates among the atmosphere, terrestrial, and marine ecosystems.
"Nokor Reach" (Khmer: បទនគររាជ; Royal Kingdom or Majestic Kingdom) is the national anthem of the Kingdom of Cambodia.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
Noodle soup refers to a variety of soups with noodles and other ingredients served in a light broth.
Norodom (នរោត្តម), known previously as Ang Voddey (អង្គវតី) (February 1834 – 24 April 1904), ruled as king of Cambodia from 1860 to 1904.
Norodom Ranariddh (នរោត្តម រណឫទ្ធិ; born 2 January 1944) is a Cambodian royal politician and law academic.
Norodom Sihamoni (នរោត្តម សីហមុនី; born 14 May 1953) is the King of Cambodia, which he became on 14 October 2004.
Norodom Sihanouk (នរោត្តម សីហនុ; 31 October 192215 October 2012) was a Cambodian royal politician and the King of Cambodia.
The Northern Khmer people, also known in Thai as Thai-Khmer people (ไทยเชื้อสายเขมร lit. "Thais of Khmer descent"), is the designation used to refer to ethnic Khmers native to the Isan region of Northeast Thailand.
Nuon Chea (នួន ជា; born Lau Kim Korn, 7 July 1926), also known as Long Bunruot (ឡុង ប៊ុនរត្ន) or Rungloet Laodi (รุ่งเลิศ เหล่าดี), is a Cambodian former communist politician who was the chief ideologist of the Khmer Rouge.
Oddar Meanchey (ឧត្ដរមានជ័យ; "Victorious North") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the remote northwest.
An old-growth forest — also termed primary forest, virgin forest, primeval forest, or late seral forest— is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community.
Operation Eagle Pull was the United States military evacuation by air of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, on 12 April 1975.
Operation Freedom Deal was a United States Seventh Air Force interdiction and close air support campaign waged in Cambodia between 19 May 1970 and 15 August 1973, as an expansion of the Vietnam War, as well as the Cambodian Civil War.
Operation Menu was the codename of a covert United States Strategic Air Command (SAC) bombing campaign conducted in eastern Cambodia from 18 March 1969 until 26 May 1970 as part of both the Vietnam War and the Cambodian Civil War.
Flag of the Francophonie The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), generally known as the Francophonie (La Francophonie), but also called International Organisation of La Francophonie in English language context, is an international organization representing countries and regions where French is a lingua franca or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers), or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.
Oudong (ឧដុង្គ) (also romanized as Udong or Odong) is a town in Cambodia, situated in the north-western part of Kampong Speu Province.
The location of Cambodia An enlargeable map of the Kingdom of Cambodia The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cambodia: Cambodia – a sovereign country located in Southeast Asia with a population of over 13 million people.
Oyster sauce describes a number of sauces made by cooking oysters.
Pailin (ប៉ៃលិន) is a province (khaet) in western Cambodia at the northern edge of the Cardamom Mountains near the border of Thailand.
The Pallava script, a Brahmic script, was developed under the Pallava dynasty of Southern India around the 6th century AD.
Palm-leaf manuscripts are manuscripts made out of dried palm leaves.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government.
The Parliament of the Kingdom of Cambodia (សភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រ ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា; Saphea Damnang Reastr ney Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa, Parlement du Royaume du Cambodge) is the bicameral legislature of the Government of Cambodia, consisting of the Senate and the National Assembly.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
The People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK; សាធារណរដ្ឋប្រជាមានិតកម្ពុជា, Sathéaranakrâth Pracheameanit Kâmpŭchéa; République populaire du Kampuchéa) was founded in Cambodia by the Salvation Front, a group of Cambodian communists dissatisfied with the Khmer Rouge after the overthrow of Democratic Kampuchea, Pol Pot's government.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Phnom Aural is the tallest peak in Cambodia.
Phnom Penh (or; ភ្នំពេញ phnum pɨñ), formerly known as Krong Chaktomuk or Krong Chaktomuk Serimongkul (ក្រុងចតុមុខសិរិមង្គល), is the capital and most populous city in Cambodia.
Phnom Penh International Airport (អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ Aéroport International de Phnom Penh), is the busiest airport in terms of passenger movements and largest airport in Cambodia containing land area of 400 hectares.
Tbeng Meanchey (ត្បែងមានជ័យ) is the capital of Preah Vihear Province in northern Cambodia.
The pinpeat (ពិណពាទ្យ) orchestra or musical ensemble performs the ceremonial music of the royal courts and temples of Cambodia.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
Pol Pot (ប៉ុល ពត; 19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998) was a Cambodian revolutionary and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea from 1976 to 1979.
The Kingdom of Cambodia is a unitary state that is governed within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the monarch serves as the head of state, while the prime minister is the head of government.
In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Kun Khmer (pronounced as kun khmer) or Pradal Serey (ប្រដាល់សេរី) (គុនខ្មែរ) is an unarmed martial art and combat sport from Cambodia.
Prahok (ប្រហុក) is a crushed, salted and fermented fish paste (usually of mudfish) that is used in Cambodian cuisine as a seasoning or a condiment.
Prak Sokhonn (ប្រាក់ សុខុន; born 3 May 1954) is a Cambodian politician who has been Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cambodia since 2016.
Preah Vihear (ព្រះវិហារ,; "Sacred Sanctuary") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
Preah Vihear Temple (Khmer: ប្រាសាទព្រះវិហារ Prasat Preah Vihear) is an ancient Hindu temple built during the period of the Khmer Empire, that is situated atop a cliff in the Dângrêk Mountains, in the Preah Vihear province, Cambodia.
Prey Veng (ក្រុងព្រៃវែង) is the capital of Prey Veng Province, located in southeastern Cambodia.
Prey Veng (ខេត្តព្រៃវែង,, "Long Forest") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
The Prime Minister of Cambodia (នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រីនៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Premier ministre du Cambodge) is the head of government of Cambodia.
Prisoner of conscience (POC) is a term coined by Peter Benenson in a 28 May 1961 article ("The Forgotten Prisoners") for the London Observer newspaper.
Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.
Prostitution in Cambodia is illegal, but prevalent.
Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces (ខេត្ត, khaet, singular and plural).
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Pursat is the capital of Pursat Province, Cambodia.
Pursat (ខេត្តពោធិ៍សាត់,; "Drifting Bodhi") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2.
Quartzite (from Quarzit) is a hard, non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally pure quartz sandstone.
Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Ratanakiri, officially Ratanak Kiri (រតនគិរីAlternative spellings include រតនៈគិរី, រតនគីរី, and រតនៈគីរី.), is a province of northeast Cambodia.
Reamker (រាមកេរ្តិ៍, also romanized as Ramakerti) is a Cambodian epic poem, based on the Sanskrit's Ramayana epic.
Rebirth in Buddhism refers to its teaching that the actions of a person lead to a new existence after death, in endless cycles called saṃsāra.
Red soil is a type of soil that develops in a warm, temperate, moist climate under deciduous or mixed forest, having thin organic and organic-mineral layers overlying a yellowish-brown leached layer resting on an illuvium red layer.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Buddhism is the official religion of Cambodia.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Rice noodles, or simply rice noodle, are noodles that are made from rice.
Rice vermicelli are a thin form of rice noodles.
Rice wine is an alcoholic beverage fermented and distilled from rice, traditionally consumed in East Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream.
Robert David Kaplan (born June 23, 1952 in New York City) is an American author.
Rom kbach (រាំក្បាច់) is a genre of Cambodian popular music and a popular Khmer dance style.
Romvong (រាំវង់, also romanized as Rom vong or Roam vong), Lamvong (Lao: ລຳວົງ - lám wóŋ) or Ramwong (รำวง), is a type of Southeast Asian dance where both females and males dance in a circle.
Ros Serey Sothea (រស់ សេរីសុទ្ធា or more correctly រស់ សិរីសុទ្ធា) (c. 1948 – c. 1977) was a Cambodian singer.
The Royal ballet of Cambodia (របាំព្រះរាជទ្រព្យ - Robam Preah Reachtroap) is a form of performing arts established in the royal courts of Cambodia for the purpose of entertainment as well as ceremonial propitiation.
The Royal Cambodian Air Force is the branch of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces which is charged with operating all military aircraft in Cambodia.
The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (Khmer: កងយុទ្ធពលខេមរភូមិន្ទ, KangYuthipol Khemarak Phumin) (RCAF) is the national military forces of Cambodia.
The Royal Cambodian Army (កងទ័ពជើងគោក, Kangtorp Cheung Kork) is a part of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces.
The Royal Cambodian Navy (កងទ័ពជើងទឹកកម្ពុជា) is the naval warfare service branch of the Armed Forces of Cambodia and one of the three uniformed services of the Kingdom of Cambodia.
The Royal Council of the Throne of Cambodia (ក្រុមប្រឹក្សារាជបល្ល័ង្ក, Conseil royal du trône du Cambodge) is a nine-member council of Cambodia responsible for selecting the Cambodian monarch.
The Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia (កងរាជអាវុធហត្ថ), or "Military Police", is a branch of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces and it is responsible for the maintenance of public order and internal security in Cambodia.
Sam-Ang Sam (សំ សំអាង Saṃ Saṃqāṅ) is an American ethnomusicologist and 1994 recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship.
The Sampeah (សំពះ) is a Cambodian greeting or a way of showing respect.
Samraong (សំរោង, "impenetrable jungle") is the capital of Oddar Meanchey Province in north-western Cambodia.
The Sangkum Reastr Niyum (សង្គមរាស្ត្រនិយម), literally the "community of the common people";Headly, Robert K.; Chhor, Kylin; Lim, Lam Kheng; Kheang, Lim Hak; Chun, Chen.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
Say Chhum (born 5 February 1945) is a Cambodian politician who has been President of the Senate of Cambodia since 2015.
Scallions (green onion, spring onion and salad onion) are vegetables of various Allium onion species.
Seasonal tropical forest: also known as moist deciduous, semi-evergreen seasonal, tropical mixed or monsoon forests, typically contain a range of tree species: only some of which drop some or all of their leaves during the dry season.
The Senate (ព្រឹទ្ធសភា, Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of Cambodia.
Senmonorom (ក្រុងសែនមនោរម្យ "Delightful") is the capital of Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia.
Serei Saophoan (សិរីសោភ័ណ,, "Beautiful Freedom", is the capital and largest city of Banteay Meanchey Province and the fourth most populous city in Cambodia. The city separates Cambodia's National Highway 5 and National Highway 6. Its administrative name is "Serei Sophon" as used by the government. The more commonly used name "Sisophon" is derived from the Thai pronunciation "Si Sophon" when it was under the Thai rule. Another nickname "Svay" is used mainly by truck drivers, train drivers and workers transporting goods. The origin of the word "Svay" is unknown. Its population is 61,482 in the 1998 census, changing little to 61,631 in the 2008 census having been overtaken by Poipet in size. About forty minutes from Sisophon there is a Khmer temple ruin called Banteay Chmar.
Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.
The term shrimp is used to refer to some decapod crustaceans, although the exact animals covered can vary.
The Siamese–Cambodian War (1591–1594), was a military conflict fought between the Kingdom of Ayutthaya and the Kingdom of Cambodia.
The 1841–1845 Siamese-Vietnamese War in Cambodia was a war between Vietnam (then under the rule of the Nguyen Dynasty) and Siam (Thailand) under the House of Chakkri.
Siem Reap (ក្រុងសៀមរាប) is the capital city of Siem Reap Province in northwestern Cambodia.
Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport (អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិសៀមរាបអង្គរ Aéroport International de Siem Reap-Angkor) serves Siem Reap, a popular tourist destination due to nearby Angkor Wat.
Siem Reap, officially Siemreap (សៀមរាប, "Defeat of Siam"), is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
Sihanoukville (ក្រុងព្រះសីហនុ, Krong Preah Sihanouk), also known as "Kampong Som" (កំពង់សោម), is a coastal city in Cambodia and the capital city of Sihanoukville Province, at the tip of an elevated peninsula in the country's south-west on the Gulf of Thailand.
Preah Sihanouk Province (ខេត្តព្រះសីហនុ, "King Sihanouk"), commonly referred to as Sihanoukville Province, is a province (ខេត្ត, khaet) in the south-west of Cambodia at the Gulf of Thailand.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Sinn Sisamouth (ស៊ីន ស៊ីសាមុត; c. 1935 - c. 1976) was an influential and highly prolific Cambodian singer-songwriter from the 1950s to the 1970s.
Sisowath Monivong (ស៊ីសុវត្ថិ មុនីវង្ស)Headly, Robert K.; Chhor, Kylin; Lim, Lam Kheng; Kheang, Lim Hak; Chun, Chen.
Sisowath Sirik Matak (ស៊ីសុវត្ថិ សិរិមតះ; January 22, 1914April 21, 1975) was a member of the Cambodian royal family, under the House of Sisowath.
From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.
Sombai Cambodian Liqueur (Sombai) is a local beverage produced in Siem Reap.
The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around.
South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.
South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975 and comprised the southern half of what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Soy sauce (also called soya sauce in British English) is a liquid condiment of Chinese origin, made from a fermented paste of soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Steung Treng, officially Stung Treng (ស្ទឹងត្រែង, "River of Reeds"; ຊຽງແຕງ Xiang Taeng; เชียงแตง Chiang Taeng "City of Melons"), is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the northeast.
A strongman is a political leader who rules by force and runs an authoritarian regime or totalitarian regime.
Stung Treng (ស្ទឹងត្រែង), (ຊຽງແຕງ) is the capital of Stung Treng Province, Cambodia.
Krong Suong (ក្រុងសួង) is the capital and largest city of Tboung Khmum Province.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a good collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations in 2015.
Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).
Svay Rieng is the capital city of Svay Rieng Province, Cambodia.
Svay Rieng (ស្វាយរៀង,, "Aligned Mangoes") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.
Takéo (ខេត្តតាកែវ,, "Crystal Grandfather") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia.
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae indigenous to tropical Africa.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Tboung Khmum (ខេត្តត្បូងឃ្មុំ,, "Amber") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located on the central lowlands of the Mekong River.
Tea Banh (ទៀ បាញ់) (born November 5, 1945, Koh Kong Province) is a Cambodian politician who is Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for National Defence of Cambodia.
To dial a land line in Cambodia all over the country, the format is Area Code + Phone Number.
A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more territorial entities or over the possession or control of land, usually between a new state and the occupying power.
The South China Sea disputes involve both island and maritime claims among several sovereign states within the region, namely Brunei, the People's Republic of China (PRC), Republic of China (Taiwan), Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Phnom Penh Post (ភ្នំពេញបុស្តិ៍) is a daily English-language newspaper published in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha's teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon as its doctrinal core.
The ton is a unit of measure.
Tonlé Sap (ទន្លេសាប, literally large river (tonle); fresh, not salty (sap), commonly translated to 'great lake') refers to a seasonally inundated freshwater lake, the Tonlé Sap Lake and an attached river, the long Tonlé Sap River, that connects the lake to the Mekong River.
The Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve is a unique ecological phenomenon surrounding the Tonlé Sap or Great Lake of Cambodia.
Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993.
The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum (សារមន្ទីរឧក្រិដ្ឋកម្មប្រល័យពូជសាសន៍ទួលស្លែង) is a museum in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, chronicling the Cambodian genocide.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Unexploded ordnance (UXO, sometimes abbreviated as UO), unexploded bombs (UXBs), or explosive remnants of war (ERW) are explosive weapons (bombs, shells, grenades, land mines, naval mines, cluster munition, etc.) that did not explode when they were employed and still pose a risk of detonation, sometimes many decades after they were used or discarded.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 109, adopted on December 14, 1955, after being instructed by the General Assembly to consider the applications for membership of Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Ceylon, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania, and Spain the Council recommended all of the above-named countries for admission to the United Nations.
The United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) was a United Nations peacekeeping operation in Cambodia in 1992–93.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The University of Washington (commonly referred to as UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.
UTC+07:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +07:00.
A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe.
A vassal state is any state that is subordinate to another.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam) also known as the Việt Cộng was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Vietnamese Cambodians refer to ethnic Vietnamese living in Cambodia.
The Vietnamese people or the Kinh people (người Việt or người Kinh), are an ethnic group originating from present-day northern Vietnam.
Vigna subterranea (also known by its common names: Bambara nut, Bambara-bean, Congo goober, earth pea, ground-bean, or hog-peanut) is a member of the family Fabaceae.
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work in various jobs, such as a trade, a craft, or as a technician.
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.
Water resource management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.
The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The World Justice Project (WJP) is an American independent, multidisciplinary organization with the stated mission of "working to advance the rule of law around the world".
World music (also called global music or international music) is a musical category encompassing many different styles of music from around the globe, which includes many genres including some forms of Western music represented by folk music, as well as selected forms of ethnic music, indigenous music, neotraditional music, and music where more than one cultural tradition, such as ethnic music and Western popular music, intermingle.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
Yeay Mao or Lok Yeay Mao (in Khmer យាយម៉ៅ - លោកយាយម៉ៅ, Grandma Mao) is an ancient mythical heroine and a divinity in the local popular form of Buddhism and Brahmanism in Cambodia.
Yellow badges (or yellow patches), also referred to as Jewish badges (Judenstern, lit. Jewry star), are badges that Jews and Christians were ordered to sew on their outer garments to mark them as Jews and Christians in public at certain times in certain countries, serving as a badge of shame.
Yorm Bopha (born c. 1983) is a Cambodian land rights activist noted for her opposition to development around Boeung Kak lake.
.kh is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Cambodia.
The meridian 102° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The meridian 108° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The 10th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 10 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 15th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 15 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 1972 AFC Asian Cup was the 5th edition of the men's AFC Asian Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).
The Paris Peace Accords (សន្ធិសញ្ញាសន្តិភាពទីក្រុងប៉ារីស) formally titled Agreements on a Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodia Conflict were signed on October 23, 1991, and marked the official end of the Cambodian–Vietnamese War.
The 1997 clashes in Cambodia, also referred to as the 1997 coup in Cambodia (especially by critics of Hun Sen), took place in Cambodia in July to September 1997.
CAMBODIA, Cambodge, Cambodja, Campuchea, Environment of Cambodia, Environmental issues in Cambodia, Etymology of Cambodia, ISO 3166-1:KH, Kambodia, Kampuchea, Kingdom of Cambodia, Kingdom of Cambodia (1993-present), Kingdom of Kampuchea, Kingdom of Kâmpŭchea, Kâmpuchea, Kâmpŭchea, Preah Reach Ana Pak, Preah Reach Ana Pak Kampuchea, Preah Reacheanachakr Kampuchea, Preahreacheanachakr Kampuchea, Preăh Réachéa Nachâk Kâmpŭchea, Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa, Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea, Second Kingdom of Cambodia, Srok khmer, កម្ពុជា, ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា.