76 relations: Aepycamelus, Africa, Alpaca, Andes, Antelope, Antibody, Asia, Bactrian camel, Badlands, Brackish water, Camel, Camelid, Camelinae, Camelini, Camelops, Canine tooth, Cattle, Deer, Dromedary, Eocene, Eulamaops, Even-toed ungulate, Family (biology), Floridatragulus, Goat, Great American Interchange, Guanaco, Heavy-chain antibody, Hemiauchenia, Herbivore, High Arctic camel, Holocene, Incisive bone, Incisor, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Induced ovulation (animals), Isthmus of Panama, John Edward Gray, Lama (genus), Lamini, Llama, Medication, Megacamelus, Megatylopus, Miocene, Molar (tooth), Neontology, North America, Oligocene, Order (biology), ..., Oxydactylus, Palaeolama, Paracamelus, Pig, Pleistocene, Pliocene, Poebrotherium, Premolar, Procamelus, Protylopus, Red blood cell, Ruminant, Single-domain antibody, South America, Stenomylus, Stomach, Syrian camel, Titanotylopus, Tribe, Tylopoda, Ungulate, Vicuña, Vicugna, Whale, Wild Bactrian camel, Year. Expand index (26 more) » « Shrink index
Aepycamelus (also known as long-necked camel) is an extinct genus of camelid, synonym Alticamelus, which lived during the Miocene 20.6–4.9 million years ago, existing for about.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is a species of South American camelid, similar to, and often confused with the llama.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
An antelope is a member of a number of even-toed ungulate species indigenous to various regions in Africa and Eurasia.
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large, even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of Central Asia.
Badlands are a type of dry terrain where softer sedimentary rocks and clay-rich soils have been extensively eroded by wind and water.
Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater.
A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus that bears distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back.
Camelids are members of the biological family Camelidae, the only currently living family in the suborder Tylopoda.
Camelinae is a subfamily of terrestrial herbivore of the family Camelidae, endemic to Asia, Eurasia, South America, North America, and Africa appearing during the Eocene 38 mya, existing for approximately.
Camelini is a tribe of terrestrial herbivore the family Camelidae, endemic to Asia, North America, and Africa from the Late Eocene to the present.
Camelops is an extinct genus of camel that roamed western North America from the end of the Pliocene to the end of the Pleistocene.
In mammalian oral anatomy, the canine teeth, also called cuspids, dog teeth, fangs, or (in the case of those of the upper jaw) eye teeth, are relatively long, pointed teeth.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
The dromedary, also called the Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), is a large, even-toed ungulate with one hump on its back.
The Eocene Epoch, lasting from, is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Paleogene Period in the Cenozoic Era.
Eulamaops is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore in the family Camelidae, endemic to South America during the Pleistocene (Lujanian, 781,000—12,000 years ago), existing for approximately.
The even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla) are ungulates (hoofed animals) whose weight is borne equally by the third and fourth toes.
In biological classification, family (familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.
Floridatragulus, synonym Hypermekops, is an extinct genus of Camelids.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
The Great American Interchange was an important late Cenozoic paleozoogeographic event in which land and freshwater fauna migrated from North America via Central America to South America and vice versa, as the volcanic Isthmus of Panama rose up from the sea floor and bridged the formerly separated continents.
The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is a camelid native to South America.
A heavy-chain antibody is an antibody which consists only of two heavy chains and lacks the two light chains usually found in antibodies.
Hemiauchenia, synonym Tanupolama, is a genus of lamine camelids that evolved in North America in the Miocene period approximately 10 million years ago.
A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.
The High Arctic camel, from the mid-Pliocene epoch, is a fossil camel related to the fossil genus Paracamelus from which modern camels arose.
The Holocene is the current geological epoch.
In human anatomy, the incisive bone or (Latin) os incisivum is the portion of the maxilla adjacent to the incisors.
Incisors (from Latin incidere, "to cut") are the front teeth present in most mammals.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Ovulation occurs at the ovary surface and is described as the process in which an oocyte (female germ cell) is released from the follicle.
The Isthmus of Panama (Istmo de Panamá), also historically known as the Isthmus of Darien (Istmo de Darién), is the narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.
John Edward Gray, FRS (12 February 1800 – 7 March 1875) was a British zoologist.
Lama is a genus containing two South American camelids, the wild guanaco and the domesticated llama.
Lamini (members are called laminoids) is a tribe of the subfamily Camelinae.
The llama (Lama glama) is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since the Pre-Columbian era.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Megacamelus is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore in the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the Miocene through Pliocene 10.3—4.9 mya, existing for approximately.
Megatylopus (also known as the North American camel) is an extinct and large genus of terrestrial herbivore the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the Miocene through Late Pliocene—Early Pleistocene boundary 13.6—1.8 mya, existing for approximately.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
The molars or molar teeth are large, flat teeth at the back of the mouth.
Neontology is a part of biology that, in contrast to paleontology, deals with living (or, more generally, recent) organisms.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The Oligocene is a geologic epoch of the Paleogene Period and extends from about 33.9 million to 23 million years before the present (to). As with other older geologic periods, the rock beds that define the epoch are well identified but the exact dates of the start and end of the epoch are slightly uncertain.
In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.
Oxydactylus is an extinct terrestrial herbivorous genus of the tribe Camelini, family Camelidae, endemic to North America Oligocene through the Middle Miocene (30.8–13.6 mya) and in existence for approximately.
Palaeolama ("early llama") is an extinct North and South American genus of lamine camelid.
Paracamelus is an extinct genus of camel in the family Camelidae, Originating in North America during the Mid Miocene, but, after crossing over the Beringian land bridge during the late Miocene, approximately 7.5-6.5 Ma., it ranged from Spain to Chad and Shanxi Province, China.
A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.
Poebrotherium is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore of the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the Eocene through the Oligocene, 38—30.8 mya, thus having existed for approximately.
The premolar teeth, or bicuspids, are transitional teeth located between the canine and molar teeth.
Procamelus is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the Oligocene through Miocene 20.6—4.9 mya, existing for approximately.
Protylopus is an extinct genus of camel that lived during middle to late Eocene some 45-40 million years ago in North America.
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.
A single-domain antibody (sdAb) is an antibody fragment consisting of a single monomeric variable antibody domain.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Stenomylus is an extinct genus of miniature camelid native to North America that died out around 30 million years ago.
The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.
The Syrian camel, Camelus "moreli", is an extinct species of camel from Syria.
Titanotylopus is an extinct genus of terrestrial herbivore the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the Miocene through Pleistocene 10.3 mya—30,000 years ago, existing for approximately.
A tribe is viewed developmentally, economically and historically as a social group existing outside of or before the development of states.
Tylopoda (meaning "calloused foot") is a suborder of terrestrial herbivorous even-toed ungulates belonging to the order Artiodactyla.
Ungulates (pronounced) are any members of a diverse group of primarily large mammals that includes odd-toed ungulates such as horses and rhinoceroses, and even-toed ungulates such as cattle, pigs, giraffes, camels, deer, and hippopotami.
The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) or vicuna (both, very rarely spelled vicugna) is one of the two wild South American camelids which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, the other being the guanaco.
Vicugna is a genus containing two South American camelids, the vicuña and the alpaca.
Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.
The wild Bactrian camel (Camelus ferus) is a critically endangered species of camel living in parts of northern China and southern Mongolia.
A year is the orbital period of the Earth moving in its orbit around the Sun.