115 relations: Aerial photography, Angénieux retrofocus, Angle of incidence (optics), Angle of view, Anti-fog, Anti-reflective coating, Aperture, Apochromat, Apollo program, Aspheric lens, Barry Lyndon, Bellows (photography), Brownie (camera), Camera, Camera lens, Canon Digital IXUS, Canon EF lens mount, Canon EF-M lens mount, Canon EF-S lens mount, Canon Inc., Carl Zeiss Planar 50mm f/0.7, Chromatic aberration, Close-up, Colorfulness, Contrast (vision), Cooke triplet, Depth of field, Diaphragm (optics), Diffraction, Diffraction-limited system, Distortion (optics), Double-Gauss lens, Electric motor, Enlarger, Entrance pupil, Exit pupil, F-number, Fisheye lens, Fluorite, Focal length, Focus (optics), Four Thirds system, Fused quartz, Germanium, Goerz (company), Greek language, Hasselblad, Infrared photography, Kodak, Large format lens, ..., Leica Camera, Lens (optics), Lens cover, Lens flare, Lens hood, Lenses for SLR and DSLR cameras, Light, Long-focus lens, M39 lens mount, M42 lens mount, Macro photography, Mamiya, Meteorite, Micro Four Thirds system, Microscope, Minolta A-mount system, Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera, NASA, Nikon, Nikon F-mount, Normal lens, Olympus Corporation, Optical aberration, Optical coating, Optical train, Optics, Pencil (optics), Pentax K-mount, Perspective (graphical), Photographic film, Pinhole camera, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Projector, Rangefinder camera, Rapid Rectilinear, Rectilinear lens, Shutter (photography), Simple lens, Single-lens reflex camera, Snell's law, Soft focus, Sony E-mount, Stanley Kubrick, Stereoscopy, Still camera, Swivel lens, System camera, Teleconverter, Telephoto lens, Telescope, Teleside converter, Tessar, Tilt–shift photography, Twin-lens reflex camera, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet photography, Video camera, Virtual image, Waterhouse stop, Wide-angle lens, William Taylor (inventor), Zeiss Planar, Zeiss Sonnar, 135 film, 1951 USAF resolution test chart. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
Aerial photography (or airborne imagery) is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object.
The Angénieux retrofocus photographic lens is a wide-angle lens design that uses an inverted telephoto configuration.
In geometric optics, the angle of incidence is the angle between a ray incident on a surface and the line perpendicular to the surface at the point of incidence, called the normal.
In photography, angle of view (AOV) describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera.
Anti-fog agents, also known as anti-fogging agents and treatments, are chemicals that prevent the condensation of water in the form of small droplets on a surface which resemble fog.
An antireflective or anti-reflection (AR) coating is a type of optical coating applied to the surface of lenses and other optical elements to reduce reflection.
In optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels.
An apochromat, or apochromatic lens (apo), is a photographic or other lens that has better correction of chromatic and spherical aberration than the much more common achromat lenses.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
An aspheric lens or asphere is a lens whose surface profiles are not portions of a sphere or cylinder.
Barry Lyndon is a 1975 British-American period drama film by Stanley Kubrick, based on the 1844 novel The Luck of Barry Lyndon by William Makepeace Thackeray.
In photography, a bellows is the accordion-like, pleated expandable part of a camera, usually a large or medium format camera, to allow the lens to be moved with respect to the focal plane for focusing.
Brownie is the name of a long-running popular series of simple and inexpensive cameras made by Eastman Kodak.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
A camera lens (also known as photographic lens or photographic objective) is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images of objects either on photographic film or on other media capable of storing an image chemically or electronically.
The Digital IXUS (IXY Digital in Japan and PowerShot Digital ELPH in US and Canada) is a series of digital cameras released by Canon.
Introduced in 1987, the EF lens mount is the standard lens mount on the Canon EOS family of SLR film and digital cameras.
The Canon EF-M lens mount, introduced in 2012, is a derivative of the Canon EF lens mount designed for use with the Canon EOS M mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera.
The Canon EF-S lens mount is a derivative of the EF lens mount created for a subset of Canon digital single-lens reflex cameras with APS-C sized image sensors.
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
The Carl Zeiss Planar 50mm is one of the largest relative aperture (fastest) lenses in the history of photography.
In optics, chromatic aberration (abbreviated CA; also called chromatic distortion and spherochromatism) is an effect resulting from dispersion in which there is a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same convergence point.
A close up or closeup in filmmaking, television production, still photography and the comic strip medium is a type of shot, which tightly frames a person or an object.
Colorfulness, chroma and saturation are attributes of perceived color relating to chromatic intensity.
Contrast is the difference in luminance or colour that makes an object (or its representation in an image or display) distinguishable.
The Cooke triplet is a photographic lens designed and patented (patent number GB 22,607) in 1893 by Dennis Taylor who was employed as chief engineer by T. Cooke & Sons of York.
In optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, the optical phenomenon known as depth of field (DOF), is the distance about the Plane of Focus (POF) where objects appear acceptably sharp in an image.
In optics, a diaphragm is a thin opaque structure with an opening (aperture) at its center.
--> Diffraction refers to various phenomena that occur when a wave encounters an obstacle or a slit.
The resolution of an optical imaging system a microscope, telescope, or camera can be limited by factors such as imperfections in the lenses or misalignment.
In geometric optics, distortion is a deviation from rectilinear projection; a projection in which straight lines in a scene remain straight in an image.
The double Gauss lens is a compound lens used mostly in camera lenses that reduces optical aberrations over a large focal plane.
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
An enlarger is a specialized transparency projector used to produce photographic prints from film or glass negatives, or from transparencies.
In an optical system, the entrance pupil is the optical image of the physical aperture stop, as 'seen' through the front of the lens system.
In optics, the exit pupil is a virtual aperture in an optical system.
The f-number of an optical system (such as a camera lens) is the ratio of the system's focal length to the diameter of the entrance pupil.
A fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image.
Not to be confused with Fluoride. Fluorite (also called fluorspar) is the mineral form of calcium fluoride, CaF2.
The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light.
In geometrical optics, a focus, also called an image point, is the point where light rays originating from a point on the object converge.
The Four Thirds System is a standard created by Olympus and Eastman Kodak for digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) and mirrorless camera design and development.
Fused quartz or fused silica is glass consisting of silica in amorphous (non-crystalline) form.
Germanium is a chemical element with symbol Ge and atomic number 32.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Victor Hasselblad AB is a Swedish manufacturer of medium-format cameras, photographic equipment and image scanners based in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Top: tree photographed in the near infrared range.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
Large format lenses are photographic optics that provide an image circle large enough to cover large format film or plates.
Leica Camera AG is a German company that manufactures cameras, lenses, binoculars, rifle scopes and ophthalmic lenses.
A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction.
A lens cover or lens cap provides protection from scratches and minor collisions for camera and camcorder lenses.
Lens flare refers to a phenomenon wherein light is scattered or flared in a lens system, often in response to a bright light, producing a sometimes undesirable artifact within the image.
In photography, a lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the front end of a lens to block the Sun or other light source(s) to prevent glare and lens flare.
This article is about photographic lenses for single-lens reflex '''film''' cameras (SLRs) and '''digital''' single-lens reflex cameras (DSLRs).
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
In photography, a long-focus lens is a camera lens which has a focal length that is longer than the diagonal measure of the film or sensor that receives its image.
The M39 lens mount is a screw thread mounting system for attaching lenses to 35 mm cameras, primarily rangefinder (RF) Leicas.
The M42 lens mount is a screw thread mounting standard for attaching lenses to 35 mm cameras, primarily single-lens reflex models.
Macro photography (or photomacrography or macrography, and sometimes macrophotography), is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects and living organisms like insects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size (though macrophotography technically refers to the art of making very large photographs).
is a Japanese company that manufactures high-end cameras and other related photographic and optical equipment.
A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.
The Micro Four Thirds system (MFT or M4/3) is a standard released by Olympus and Panasonic in 2008, for the design and development of mirrorless interchangeable lens digital cameras, camcorders and lenses.
A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.
The Minolta A-mount camera system was a line of photographic equipment from Minolta.
A mirrorless interchangeable lens camera (MILC) features a single, removable lens and uses a digital display system rather than an optical viewfinder.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
(or), also known just as Nikon, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in optics and imaging products.
The Nikon F-mount is a type of interchangeable lens mount developed by Nikon for its 35mm format Single-lens reflex cameras.
In photography and cinematography, a normal lens is a lens that reproduces a field of view that appears "natural" to a human observer.
is a Japanese manufacturer of optics and reprography products.
Aberration in optics refers to a defect in a lens such that light is not focused to a point, but is spread out over some region of space, and hence an image formed by a lens with aberration is blurred or distorted, with the nature of the distortion depending on the type of aberration.
An optical coating is one or more thin layers of material deposited on an optical component such as a lens or mirror, which alters the way in which the optic reflects and transmits light.
An optical train showing the arrangement and angle of lenses and mirrors to guide the laser An optical train, also called an optical assembly, is an arrangement of lenses to guide a line of sight and/or a laser beam.
Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
In optics, a pencil or pencil of rays is a geometric construct used to describe a beam or portion of a beam of electromagnetic radiation or charged particles, typically in the form of a narrow cone or cylinder.
The Pentax K-mount, sometimes referred to as the "PK-mount", is a bayonet lens mount standard for mounting interchangeable photographic lenses to 35 mm single-lens reflex (SLR) cameras.
Perspective (from perspicere "to see through") in the graphic arts is an approximate representation, generally on a flat surface (such as paper), of an image as it is seen by the eye.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
A pinhole camera is a simple camera without a lens but with a tiny aperture, a pinhole – effectively a light-proof box with a small hole in one side.
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
Acer projector, 2012 A projector or image projector is an optical device that projects an image (or moving images) onto a surface, commonly a projection screen.
A rangefinder camera is a camera fitted with a rangefinder, typically a split-image rangefinder: a range-finding focusing mechanism allowing the photographer to measure the subject distance and take photographs that are in sharp focus.
The Rapid Rectilinear also named Aplanat is a famous photographic lens design.
In photography, a rectilinear lens is a photographic lens that yields images where straight features, such as the walls of buildings, appear with straight lines, as opposed to being curved.
In photography, a shutter is a device that allows light to pass for a determined period, exposing photographic film or a light-sensitive electronic sensor to light in order to capture a permanent image of a scene.
In optics, a simple lens or singlet lens is a lens consisting of a single simple element.
A single-lens reflex camera (SLR) is a camera that typically uses a mirror and prism system (hence "reflex" from the mirror's reflection) that permits the photographer to view through the lens and see exactly what will be captured.
Snell's law (also known as Snell–Descartes law and the law of refraction) is a formula used to describe the relationship between the angles of incidence and refraction, when referring to light or other waves passing through a boundary between two different isotropic media, such as water, glass, or air.
In photography, soft focus is a lens flaw, in which the lens forms images that are blurred due to spherical aberration.
The E-mount is a lens mount designed by Sony for their NEX ("New E-mount eXperience") and ILCE series of camcorders and mirrorless cameras.
Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.
A still camera is a type of camera used to take photographs.
A swivel lens is a lens that freely rotates while attached to a camera body.
A system camera is a camera with interchangeable components that constitutes the core of a system.
A teleconverter (sometimes called tele extender) is a secondary lens which is mounted between the camera and a photographic lens.
In photography and cinematography, a telephoto lens is a specific type of a long-focus lens in which the physical length of the lens is shorter than the focal length.
A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).
A teleside converter (also known as a telephoto conversion lens or a front mount teleconverter) is a secondary lens which is mounted on the front of a photographic lens to increase the effective focal length of the lens they are attached to.
The Tessar is a famous photographic lens design conceived by the German physicist Paul Rudolph in 1902 while he worked at the Zeiss optical company and patented by Zeiss in Germany; the lens type is usually known as the Zeiss Tessar.
Tilt–shift photography is the use of camera movements on small- and medium-format cameras, and sometimes specifically refers to the use of tilt for selective focus, often for simulating a miniature scene.
A twin-lens reflex camera (TLR) is a type of camera with two objective lenses of the same focal length.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Ultraviolet photography is a photographic process of recording images by using light from the ultraviolet (UV) spectrum only.
A video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition (as opposed to a movie camera, which records images on film), initially developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well.
In optics, a virtual image is an image formed when the outgoing rays from a point on an object always diverge.
The Waterhouse stop or Waterhouse diaphragm is an interchangeable diaphragm with an aperture (hole) for controlling the entry of light into a camera.
In photography and cinematography, a wide-angle lens refers to a lens whose focal length is substantially smaller than the focal length of a normal lens for a given film plane.
William Taylor (11 June 1865 – February 28, 1937) was a British inventor noted for his many inventions for improvement of photographic lenses.
The Zeiss Planar is a photographic lens designed by Paul Rudolph at Carl Zeiss in 1896.
The Zeiss Sonnar is a photographic lens originally designed by Dr. Ludwig Bertele in 1929 and patented by Zeiss Ikon.
135 is photographic film in a film format used for still photography.
The 1951 USAF resolution test chart is a resolution test pattern conforming to MIL-STD-150A standard, set by US Air Force in 1951.