424 relations: A.C. Savoia 1908, A.S.D. Battipagliese, A.S.D. Città di Nocera 1910, Academy Awards, Aeneid, Aesthetics, Aglianico, Alan Sorrenti, Alexandre Dumas, Alfonso V of Aragon, Allied invasion of Italy, Almamegretta, Amalfi Coast, America's Cup, Ancien Régime, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek medicine, Ancient Rome, Andy Warhol, Anton Dohrn, Antonello da Messina, Antonie Sminck Pitloo, Antonio Cardarelli, Antonio Mancini, Apostle (Christian), Apulia, Aragon, Archaeological site, Archaeology, Architecture, Augustus, Aurelio Fierro, Aurunci, Ausones, Austria, Austrian Empire, Avanti!, Avella, ’O sole mio, Baroque, Basil, Basilicata, Battle of Beneventum (275 BC), Battle of Capua (211 BC), Battle of Garigliano (1503), Benedetto Croce, Benevento, Benevento Calcio, Bergamo, Bernardino Telesio, ..., Buffalo mozzarella, Byzantine Empire, Caciotta, Cadet branch, Calzone, Camera obscura, Canzone Napoletana, Capetian House of Anjou, Cappon magro, Capri, Capture of Neapolis, Capua, Caravaggio, Carmine Abbagnale, Carthage, Caserta, Castel dell'Ovo, Castel Nuovo, Castel Sant'Elmo, Castellammare di Stabia, Central Italy, Charles I of Naples, Charles II of Naples, Charles III of Spain, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, Chivalric romance, Christianity, Civil war, Civitas, Clark Gable, Claudius, Colonies in antiquity, Colony, Congress of Vienna, Consul, Cosimo Fanzago, Counter-revolutionary, Crown of Aragon, Cumae, Curzio Malaparte, Dark Ages (historiography), David di Donatello, Democratic Party (Italy), Dino De Laurentiis, Domenico Modugno, Domenico Morelli, Don Quixote, Duchy, Dynasty, Easter, Eccellenza Campania, Economy, Edoardo Bennato, Eduardo De Crescenzo, Eduardo De Filippo, Enrico Caruso, Enrico De Nicola, Enzo Avitabile, Enzo Gragnaniello, Epic poetry, Ethics, Euboea, Eugenio Bennato, Executive (government), Fabrizio Ruffo, Federico Cortese, Fencing, Ferdinand I of Naples, Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, Fisherman, Food Network, France, Francesco de Sanctis, Francesco Laurana, Francesco Rosi, Francesco Saverio Altamura, 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in Naples, Italian Peninsula, Italian Renaissance, Italian unification, Italic languages, Jack Lemmon, Jacopo Sannazaro, Joachim Murat, Johann Joachim Winckelmann, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Joseph Bonaparte, Kingdom of Italy, Kingdom of Naples, Kingdom of Sicily, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Lacryma Christi, Latin, Latium, Lazio, Lega Pro, Legislature, Lello Arena, Limoncello, Lina Wertmüller, List of ancient peoples of Italy, List of Donald Duck universe characters, List of Italian-language poets, List of monarchs of Naples, List of sovereign states, List of viceroys of Naples, Logic, Lombards, Louis XII of France, Luigi Vanvitelli, Macaroni, Magia Naturalis, Magna Graecia, Maleventum, Manius Curius Dentatus, Manor house, Marcello Mastroianni, Mario Lanza, Mario Merola (singer), Mario Monti, Martyr, Masaniello, Massif, Massimo Ranieri, Massimo Troisi, Mayonnaise, Medical school, Mediterranean Basin, Mediterranean climate, Mediterranean Sea, Middle Ages, Miguel de Cervantes, Mikhail 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Juve Stabia, S.S.C. Napoli, Saint Joseph, Saint Peter, Salami, Salerno, Salvator Rosa, Samnite Wars, Samnium, Santa Lucia, School of Posillipo, School of Resina, Second Punic War, Selective breeding, Sergio Bruni, Serie A, Serie B, Serie D, Sfogliatella, Sheep, Shrimp, Sicilian Vespers, Sicily, Social class, Solopaca, Sophia Loren, Sorrento, Sorrento Peninsula, Southern Italy, Spaghetti, Spain, Spanish Empire, Spanish Inquisition, Spanish language, Struffoli, Swabia, Taburnus, Taurasi, Teresa De Sio, The Decameron, Tiberius, Titina De Filippo, Tomato, Tomato sauce, Tommaso Campanella, Tony Tammaro, Torna a Surriento, Torquato Tasso, Torre Annunziata, Torre del Greco, Totò, Toulon, Tourism, Treaty of Vienna (1738), Tullio De Piscopo, Tuscany, Tyrrhenian Sea, U.S. Avellino 1912, U.S. Salernitana 1919, University of Naples Federico II, Value added, Velia, Vesuvius Observatory, Viceroy, Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, Vienna, Vincenzo De Luca, Vincenzo Gemito, Virgil, Vittorio De Sica, Vladimir Lenin, Volcano observatory, War of the Polish Succession, War of the Spanish Succession, Water buffalo, Water polo, Western Roman Empire, William Ewart Gladstone, Zeno of Elea, Zeppole, 99 Posse. 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Associazione Calcio Savoia 1908 is an Italian association football club located in Torre Annunziata, Campania.
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Associazione Sportiva Dilettantistica Battipagliese is an Italian football club from Battipaglia, Campania.
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Associazione Sportiva Dilettantistica Città di Nocera 1910 is an Italian association football club, based in Nocera Inferiore, Campania.
The Academy Awards or The Oscars is an annual American awards ceremony honoring cinematic achievements in the film industry.
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The Aeneid (Aenēis) is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.
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Aesthetics (also spelled æsthetics and esthetics also known in Greek as Αισθητική, or "Aisthētiké") is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
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Aglianico (pronounced, roughly "ahl-YAH-nee-koe") is a black grape grown in the southern regions of Italy, mostly Basilicata and Campania.
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Alan Sorrenti (born December 9, 1950) is an Italian singer and composer.
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Alexandre Dumas (born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie; 24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas, père, was a French writer.
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Alfonso the Magnanimous KG (also Alphonso; Alfons; 1396 – 27 June 1458) was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica (as Alfonso II), Sicily (as Alfonso I) and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso IV) from 1416, and King of Naples (as Alfonso I) from 1442 until his death.
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The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied landing on mainland Italy on 3 September 1943 during the Second World War, by British General Harold Alexander's 15th Army Group (comprising Lieutenant General Mark Clark's United States Fifth Army and General Bernard Montgomery's British Eighth Army).
Almamegretta are a SKA /rap/dub/world/reggae group from Naples, Italy.
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The Amalfi Coast (Costiera Amalfitana) is a stretch of coastline on the southern coast of the Sorrentine Peninsula in the Province of Salerno in Southern Italy.
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The America's Cup, affectionately known as the "Auld Mug", is a trophy awarded to the winner of the America's Cup match races between two sailing yachts.
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The Ancien Régime (Old Regime or Former Regime) was the monarchic, aristocratic, social and political system established in the Kingdom of France from approximately the 15th century until the later 18th century ("early modern France") under the late Valois and Bourbon dynasties.
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Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (circa 600 AD).
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Ancient Greek medicine was a compilation of theories that were constantly expanding through new ideologies and trials.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
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Felix Anton Dohrn (29 September 1840 – 26 September 1909) was a prominent German Darwinist and the founder and first director of the first zoological research station in the world, the Stazione Zoologica in Naples, Italy.
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Antonello da Messina, properly Antonello di Giovanni di Antonio, but also called Antonello degli Antoni (c. 1430 – February 1479), was an Italian painter from Messina, Sicily, active during the Italian Renaissance.
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Antonie or Anton Sminck Pitloo (Arnhem, 21 April or 8 May 1790 – Naples, 22 June 1837) was a Dutch painter.
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Antonio Cardarelli (29 March 1831, Civitanova del Sannio - 8 January 1927) was an Italian physician remembered for describing Cardarelli's sign.
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Antonio Mancini (14 November 1852 – 28 December 1930) was an Italian painter.
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According to the Bible's New Testament, the Apostles were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.
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Apulia (Puglia)From Greek Ἀπουλία; in Puglia, (Demonym: Pugliese). is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south.
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Aragon (or, Spanish and Aragón, Aragó or) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon.
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An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology and represents a part of the archaeological record.
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Archaeology or archeology, is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that has been left behind by past human populations, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts (also known as eco-facts) and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).
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Architecture (Latin architectura, after the Greek ἀρχή τέχνη – arkhḗ tékhnē – composed by ἀρχή "origin" and τέχνη "art, craft") is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.
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Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
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Aurelio Fierro (13 September 1923 – 11 March 2005) was a successful Italian actor and singer who specialized in songs in the Neapolitan dialect.
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The Aurunci were an Italic tribe which lived in southern Italy from around the 1st millennium BC.
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"Ausones", the original Greek form for the Latin "Aurunci," was a name applied by Greek writers to describe various Italic peoples inhabiting the southern and central regions of Italy.
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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe.
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The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was created out of the realms of the Habsburgs by proclamation in 1804.
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Avanti! is a 1972 American/Italian comedy film produced and directed by Billy Wilder.
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Avella (Abella; Ἀβέλλα) is a city and comune in the province of Avellino, in the Campania region of Italy.
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"" is a globally known Neapolitan song written in 1898.
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The Baroque is often thought of as a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, theater, and music.
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Basil, Thai basil, or sweet basil, is a common name for the culinary herb Ocimum basilicum of the family Lamiaceae (mints), sometimes known as Saint Joseph's Wort in some English speaking countries.
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Basilicata, also known as Lucania, is a region in the south of Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia (Puglia) to the north and east, and Calabria to the south, having one short southwestern coastline on the Tyrrhenian Sea between Campania in the northwest and Calabria in the southwest, and a longer one to the southeast on the Gulf of Taranto on the Ionian Sea between Calabria in the southwest and Apulia in the northeast.
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The Battle of Beneventum (275 BC) was the last battle fought between the forces of Pyrrhus of Epirus (with Samnite allies) and the Romans, led by consul Manius Curius Dentatus.
The Second Battle of Capua was fought in 211 BC, when the Romans besieged Capua.
The Battle of Garigliano was fought on December 29, 1503 between a Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba and a French army commanded by Ludovico II, Marquis of Saluzzo.
Benedetto Croce (25 February 1866 – 20 November 1952) was an Italian idealist philosopher, historian and occasionally also politician.
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Benevento is a city and comune of Campania, Italy, capital of the province of Benevento, northeast of Naples.
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Benevento Calcio is an Italian association football club, based in Benevento, Campania.
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Bergamo (Italian:; Bèrghem) is a city in Lombardy, Italy.
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Bernardino Telesio (1509 – 2 October 1588) was an Italian philosopher and natural scientist.
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Buffalo mozzarella (Italian: mozzarella di bufala) is a mozzarella made from the milk of the domestic Italian water buffalo.
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The Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern part of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.
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Caciotta from the Tuscan "caciola" indicated a range of types of cheese produced especially in the central regions of Italy from the milk of cows, sheep, goats or water buffalo.
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In history and heraldry, a cadet branch consists of the male-line descendants of a monarch or patriarch's younger sons (cadets).
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A calzone (or,; Italian:, "stocking" or "trouser") is an Italian filled oven pizza, originating in Naples,Gosetti (1967), p.785 and shaped as a folded pizza.
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A camera obscura (Latin: "dark chamber") is an optical device that led to photography and the photographic camera.
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Canzone napoletana, sometimes referred to as Neapolitan song, is a generic term for a traditional form of music sung in the Neapolitan language, ordinarily for the male voice singing solo, although well represented by female soloists as well, and expressed in familiar genres such as the lover's complaint or the serenade.
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The Capetian House of Anjou, also known as the House of Anjou-Sicily and House of Anjou-Naples, was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct House of Capet.
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Cappon magro (or capòn magro) is an elaborate and rich Genoese salad of seafood and vegetables over hard tack arranged into a decorative pyramid and dressed with a rich sauce.
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Capri is an island located in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Sorrentine Peninsula, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples in the Campania region of Italy.
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The capture of Neapolis was the victorious capture of the city of Neapolis by the Romans in 327 BC, in the Second Samnite War.
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Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain.
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Michelangelo Merisi (Michael Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (29 September 1571 in Milan – 18 July? 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1592 (1595?) and 1610.
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Carmine Abbagnale (born January 5, 1962 in Pompei) is an Italian competition rower and Olympic champion.
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The city of Carthage (قرطاج) is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.
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Caserta is the capital of the province of Caserta in the Campania region of Italy.
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Castel dell'Ovo (in Italian, Egg Castle) is a seaside castle located on the former island of Megaride, now a peninsula, on the Gulf of Naples in Italy.
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Castel Nuovo (Italian: "New Castle"), often called Maschio Angioino, is a medieval castle located in front of Piazza Municipio and the city hall (Palazzo San Giacomo) in central Naples, Italy.
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Castel Sant'Elmo is a medieval fortress located on a hilltop near the Certosa di San Martino, overlooking Naples, Italy.
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Castellammare di Stabia is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, Campania region, southern Italy.
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Central Italy (Italia centrale or just Centro) is one of the five official statistical regions of Italy used by the National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a first level NUTS region and a European Parliament constituency.
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Charles I (21 March 12277 January 1285), known also as Charles of Anjou, was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262 and was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.
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Charles II, called the Lame (French le Boiteux, Italian lo Zoppo; 1254 – 5 May 1309), was King of Naples, King of Albania, Prince of Salerno, Prince of Achaea, Count of Provence and Forcalquier and Count of Anjou.
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Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788.
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Charles VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740) succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Charles III), and King of Serbia, Archduke of Austria, etc., in 1711.
As a literary genre of high culture, romance or chivalric romance is a type of prose and verse narrative that was popular in the aristocratic circles of High Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
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ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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A civil war is a war between organized groups within the same state or country,James Fearon, in Foreign Affairs, March/April 2007.
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In the history of Rome, the Latin term civitas (plural civitates), according to Cicero in the time of the late Roman Republic, was the social body of the cives, or citizens, united by law (concilium coetusque hominum jure sociati).
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Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an American film actor, often referred to as "The King of Hollywood" or just simply as "The King".
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Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
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Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city (its "metropolis"), not from a territory-at-large.
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In politics and history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.
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The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815.
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Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire.
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Cosimo Fanzago (Clusone, 12 October 1591 – Napoli, 13 February 1678) was an Italian architect and sculptor, generally considered the greatest such artist of the Baroque period in Naples, Italy.
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A counter-revolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part.
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The Crown of Aragon (Corona d'Aragón, Corona d'Aragó, Corona Aragonum, Corona de Aragón)Corona d'AragónCorona d'AragóCorona Aragonum (Corona de Aragón was a composite monarchy, also nowadays referred to as a confederation of individual polities or kingdoms ruled by one king with a personal and dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy (a state with primarily maritime realms) controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388). The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes. Put in contemporary terms, it has sometimes been considered that the different lands of the Crown of Aragon (mainly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia) functioned more as a confederacy of cultures rather than as a single country. In this sense, the larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name. In 1469, a new dynastic familial union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains" led to what would become the Kingdom of Spain under King Philip II. The Crown existed until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
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Cumae ((Kumē) or Κύμαι or Κύμα; Cuma) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
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Curzio Malaparte (9 June 1898 – 19 July 1957), born Kurt Erich Suckert, was an Italian journalist, dramatist, short-story writer, novelist and diplomat.
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The Dark Ages is a historical periodization used originally for the Middle Ages, which emphasizes the cultural and economic deterioration that supposedly occurred in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire.
The David di Donatello Award, named after Donatello's David, is a film award presented each year for cinematic performances and production by L'accademia del Cinema Italiano (ACI) (English: The Academy of Italian Cinema).
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The Democratic Party (Partito Democratico, PD) is a social-democratic political party in Italy.
Agostino "Dino" De Laurentiis (8 August 1919 – 10 November 2010) was an Italian film producer.
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Domenico Modugno (9 January 1928 – 6 August 1994) was an Italian singer, songwriter, actor, guitarist, and later in life, a member of the Italian Parliament.
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Domenico Morelli (7 July 182313 August 1901) was an Italian painter, who mainly produced historical and religious works.
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Don Quixote, fully titled The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha (El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha), is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra.
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A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess.
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A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family,Oxford English Dictionary, "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897.
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EasterTraditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, (Old English usually Ēastrun, -on, or -an; also Ēastru, -o; and Ēostre), also called Pasch (derived, through Pascha and Greek Πάσχα Paskha, from פסחא, cognate to פֶּסַח Pesaḥ)In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Greek word Pascha is used for the celebration; in English, the analogous word is Pasch.
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Eccellenza Campania is the regional Eccellenza football league for clubs in the Southern Italian region of Campania, Italy.
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An economy (Greek οίκος-household and νέμoμαι - manage) or economic system consists of the production, distribution or trade, and consumption of limited goods and services by different agents in a given geographical location.
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Edoardo Bennato (born July 23, 1946, Naples, Campania, Italy) is an Italian singer-songwriter.
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Eduardo De Crescenzo (born 8 February 1951) is an Italian singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, best known for the songs "Ancora" and "E la musica va".
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Eduardo De Filippo (24 May 1900 – 31 October 1984) was an Italian actor, playwright, screenwriter, author and poet, best known for his Neapolitan works Filumena Marturano and Napoli Milionaria.
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Enrico Caruso (February 25, 1873 – August 2, 1921) was an Italian operatic tenor.
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Enrico De Nicola (9 November 1877 – 1 October 1959) was an Italian jurist, journalist, politician, and provisional Head of State of republican Italy from 1946 to 1948.
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Enzo Avitabile (born 1 March 1955 in Naples, Italy) is an Italian saxophonist and singer-songwriter.
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Enzo Gragnaniello (born 20 October 1954) is an Italian singer-songwriter and composer.
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An epic (from the Ancient Greek adjective ἐπικός (epikos), from ἔπος (epos) "word, story, poem") is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation.
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Ethics, or moral philosophy, is the branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
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Euboea (Εύβοια, Evvia; Εὔβοια, Eúboia) is the second-largest Greek island in area and population, after Crete.
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Eugenio Bennato (born March 16, 1948) is an Italian folk musician and songwriter.
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The executive branch is the part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state.
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Fabrizio Ruffo (16 September 1744 - 13 December 1827) was an Italian cardinal and politician, who led the popular anti-republican Sanfedismo movement (whose members were known as the Sanfedisti).
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Federico Cortese has served as Music Director of the Boston Youth Symphony Orchestras since 1999.
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Contemporary fencing is the word used for modern sport fencing which is very different than the martial use of the sword (also known as western art of combat with the small sword); Sport fencing is also called olympic fencing which began in the end of the 19th century, with the Italian school having modified the "classical fencing", and the French school having later refined the Italian system.
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Ferdinand I (2 June 1423 – 25 January 1494), also called Ferrante, was the King of Naples from 1458 to 1494.
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Ferdinand I (12 January 1751 – 4 January 1825) was the King of the Two Sicilies from 1816, after his restoration following victory in the Napoleonic Wars.
A fisherman or fisher is someone who captures fish and other animals from a body of water, or gathers shellfish.
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Food Network (legally known as Television Food Network) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by Television Food Network, G.P., a joint venture between Scripps Networks Interactive (which owns 70% of the network) and the Tribune (FN) Cable Ventures Inc. (which owns the remaining 30%).
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Francesco de Sanctis (Morra Irpina, 28 March 1817 ‒ Naples, 29 December 1883) was a leading Italian literary critic and scholar of Italian language and literature during the 19th century.
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Francesco Laurana, also known as Francesco de la Vrana (Frane Vranjanin) (c. 1430 – before 12 March 1502) was a Dalmatian-born sculptor and medallist.
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Francesco Rosi (15 November 1922 – 10 January 2015) was an Italian film director.
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Francesco Saverio Altamura (Foggia, August 5, 1822 -January 5, Naples, 1897) was an Italian painter, who while trained in Naples, Self-portrait ''Medieval Marriage: Marriage of Buondelmonte'' He moved from Foggia to Naples in 1840, initially to study medicine.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250), was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages and head of the House of Hohenstaufen.
Frederick II (or III) (13 December 1272 – 25 June 1337) was the regent (from 1291) and subsequently King of Sicily from 1295 until his death.
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Frederick (April 19, 1452 – November 9, 1504), sometimes called Frederick IV or Frederick of Aragon, was the last King of Naples of the Neapolitan branch of the House of Trastámara, ruling from 1496 to 1501.
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The French Army (Armée de terre, "land army") is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
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In the history of France, the First Republic, officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.
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The French Revolution (Révolution française) was an influential period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.
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Fried dough is a North American food associated with outdoor food stands in carnivals, amusement parks, fairs, rodeos, and seaside resorts (though it can be made at home).
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"Funiculì, Funiculà" is a famous Neapolitan song composed in 1880 by Luigi Denza, with lyrics by Peppino Turco.
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Gabriele Salvatores (born 30 July 1950) is an Italian Academy Award-winning film director and screenwriter.
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Gastronomy is the study of food and culture, with a particular focus on gourmet cuisine.
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Giacinto Gigante (1806–1876) was an Italian painter.
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Giacomo Taldegardo Francesco di Sales Saverio Pietro Leopardi (June 29, 1798 – June 14, 1837) was an Italian poet, philosopher, essayist and philologist.
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Giada Pamela De Laurentiis (born August 22, 1970) is an Italian-born American chef, writer, television personality, and the host of the current Food Network television program Giada at Home.
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Giambattista della Porta (1535? – 4 February 1615), also known as Giovanni Battista Della Porta was an Italian scholar, polymath and playwright who lived in Naples at the time of the Scientific Revolution and Reformation.
Giambattista Marino (also Giovan Battista Marino) (14 October 1569 – 26 March 1625) was an Italian poet who was born in Naples.
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Giovan Battista (Giambattista) Vico (23 June 1668 – 23 January 1744) was an Italian political philosopher, rhetorician, historian, and jurist, who is recognized as one of the greatest Enlightenment thinkers.
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Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian artist and a prominent architect who worked principally in Rome.
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The Giffoni International Film Festival is the largest children’s film festival in Europe, and possibly the world.
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Luigi "Gigi" D'Alessio (born 24 February 1967) is an Italian popular singer and Neapolitan singer-songwriter.
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Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 179213 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as sacred music, chamber music, songs, and some instrumental and piano pieces.
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Giordano Bruno (Iordanus Brunus Nolanus; 1548 – 17 February 1600), born Filippo Bruno, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and astrologer.
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Giorgio Napolitano (born 29 June 1925) is an Italian politician who was the 11th President of Italy from 2006 to 2015.
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Giotto di Bondone (1266/7 – January 8, 1337), known as Giotto, was an Italian painter and architect from Florence in the late Middle Ages.
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Giovanni Boccaccio (1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian writer, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist.
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Giovanni Leone (3 November 1908 – 9 November 2001) was an Italian politician.
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Giovanni Paisiello (or Paesiello; 9 May 1740 – 5 June 1816) was an Italian composer of the Classical era.
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Giuseppe Abbagnale (born July 24, 1959 in Pompei) is an Italian rower who won multiple coxed pair world and Olympic championships with his brother Carmine Abbagnale.
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Giuseppe De Nittis (February 25, 1846 – August 21, 1884)Efrem Gisella Calingaert.
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Giuseppe Mercalli (May 21, 1850 – March 19, 1914) was an Italian volcanologist and Catholic priest.
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Saint Giuseppe Moscati (July 25, 1880 – April 12, 1927) was an Italian doctor, scientific researcher, and university professor noted both for his pioneering work in biochemistry and for his piety.
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A gold medal is the highest medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field.
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Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that flourished during the high and late medieval period.
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A granary is a storehouse or room in a barn for threshed grain or animal feed.
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Greco is an Italian wine grape that may be of Greek origin.
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The Greco-Roman world, Greco-Roman culture, or the term Greco-Roman (or; spelled Graeco-Roman in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth), when used as an adjective, as understood by modern scholars and writers, refers to those geographical regions and countries that culturally (and so historically) were directly, long-term, and intimately influenced by the language, culture, government and religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
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Greece (Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία) and known since ancient times as Hellas (Greek: Ελλάς), is a country located in southeastern Europe.
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Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.
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Habsburg Spain refers to the history of Spain over the 16th and 17th centuries (1516–1700), when Spain was ruled by the major branch of the Habsburg dynasty (also associated with its role in the history of Central Europe).
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Hannibal (247 – 183 181), fully Hannibal Barca, was a Punic Carthaginian military commander, generally considered one of the greatest military commanders in history.
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Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony who often presides over a cabinet.
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The Hellenistic period covers the period of ancient Greek (Hellenic) history and Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
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Located in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius, Herculaneum (Italian: Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD.
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Historical fiction is a literary genre in which the plot takes place in a setting located in the past.
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The causes and mechanisms of the decline of the Roman Empire are a historical theme that was introduced by historian Edward Gibbon in his 1776 book The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans.
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The Hohenstaufen, also called the Staufer or Staufen, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254) during the Middle Ages.
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Honey is a sweet food made by bees using nectar from flowers.
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Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, KB (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
The House of Bonaparte is an imperial and royal European dynasty founded in 1804 by Napoleon I, a French military leader who had risen to notability out of the French Revolution and who in 1804 transformed the First French Republic into the First French Empire, five years after his ''coup d'état'' of November 1799.
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The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.
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Iaia Forte (born 16 March 1962) is an Italian actress.
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The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe and is divided among four states: Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and France; as well as Gibraltar, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
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Irpinia (Latin Hirpinia) is a region of the Apennine Mountains around Avellino, a town in Campania, South Italy about 40 km east of Naples.
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Ischia is a volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea.
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It Started in Naples is an American romantic comedy film made by Paramount Pictures and released in August 1960.
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The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Penisola italiana, Penisola appenninica) is the central and the smallest of the three large peninsulas of Southern Europe (the other two being the Iberian Peninsula and Balkan Peninsula), spanning from the Po Valley in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south.
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The Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento) was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century and lasted until the 16th century, marking the transition between Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
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Italian unification (Unificazione italiana), mainly know as Risorgimento (meaning the Resurgence), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
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The Italic languages are a subfamily of the Indo-European language family originally spoken by Italic peoples.
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John Uhler "Jack" Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001) was an American actor and musician.
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Jacopo Sannazaro (28 July 1458 – 6 August 1530) was an Italian poet, humanist and epigrammist from Naples.
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Marshal of France and Grand Admiral or Admiral of France Joachim-Napoléon Murat ((born Joachim Murat; Gioacchino Napoleone Murat; 25 March 1767 – 13 October 1815) 1st Prince Murat, was Grand Duke of Berg from 1806 to 1808 and then King of Naples from 1808 to 1815. He received his titles in part by being the brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, through marriage to Napoleon's youngest sister, Caroline Bonaparte. He was noted as a daring and charismatic cavalry officer as well as a flamboyant dresser and was known as "the Dandy King".
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Johann Joachim Winckelmann (9 December 1717 – 8 June 1768) was a German art historian and archaeologist.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844) was the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I).
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The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state founded in 1861 when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy.
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The Kingdom of Naples (Regno 'e Napule, Regno di Napoli), comprising the southern part of the Italian Peninsula, was the remainder of the old Kingdom of Sicily after the secession of the island of Sicily as a result of the Vespers of 1282.
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The Kingdom of Sicily (Regnu di Sicilia, Regnum Siciliae, Regne de Sicília, Spanish: Reino de Sicilia) was a state that existed in the south of Italy from its founding by Roger II in 1130 until 1816.
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The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Regno d"e Ddoje Sicilie, Regnu dî Dui Sicili, Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the largest of the states of Italy before the Italian unification.
Lacryma Christi, (also Lachryma Christi of Vesuvius, literally "tears of Christ"), is the name of a celebrated Neapolitan type of wine produced on the slopes of Mount Vesuvius in Campania, Italy.
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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Latium (Lătĭŭm) is the region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire.
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Lazio (Latium), often known in English as Latium, is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy, situated in the central peninsular section of the country.
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The Lega Italiana Calcio Professionistico (Italian for: Italian Professional Football League), commonly known as Lega Pro (Pro League), is the governing body that runs the eponymous third highest football division in Italy.
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A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy.
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Lello Arena (born 1 November 1953) is an Italian actor, comedian and television personality.
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Limoncello is an Italian lemon liqueur mainly produced in Southern Italy, especially in the region around the Gulf of Naples, the Sorrentine Peninsula and the coast of Amalfi, and islands of Procida, Ischia, and Capri.
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Lina Wertmüller (born 14 August 1928) is an Italian screenwriter and film director best known for her films The Seduction of Mimi, Swept Away, and Seven Beauties.
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This is a list of ancient peoples living in Italy before the Roman conquest.
This list of Donald Duck universe characters focuses on Disney cartoon characters who typically appear with Donald Duck and Scrooge McDuck, but are not related to them.
List of poets who wrote in Italian (or Italian dialects).
The following is a list of rulers of the Kingdom of Naples, from its first separation from the Kingdom of Sicily to its merger with the same into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
This is a list of viceroys of the Kingdom of Naples.
Logic (from the λογική, logike) is the branch of philosophy concerned with the use and study of valid reasoning.
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The Lombards or Langobards (Langobardī, Italian Longobardi), were a Germanic tribe who ruled Italy from 568 to 774.
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Louis XII (27 June 1462 – 1 January 1515) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504.
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Luigi Vanvitelli (born Lodewijk van Wittel; 12 May 1700 – 1 March 1773) was an Italian engineer and architect.
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Macaroni is a variety of dry pasta in the shape of narrow tubes originating from Italy and made with durum wheat, usually without egg.
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Magia Naturalis (in English, Natural Magic) is a work of popular science by Giambattista della Porta first published in Naples in 1558.
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Magna Graecia (Latin meaning "Great Greece", Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás) is the name of the coastal areas of Southern Italy on the Tarentine Gulf that were extensively populated by Greek settlers; particularly the Achaean settlements of Tarentum, Croton, and Sybaris, and to the north, the settlements of Cumae and Neapolis.
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Maleventum is the fourth studio album by Italian symphonic black metal band Opera IX, released in 2002 through Avantgarde Music.
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Manius Curius Dentatus (died 270 BC), son of Manius, was a three-time consul and a plebeian hero of the Roman Republic, noted for ending the Samnite War.
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A manor house is a large country house, which was historically the capital residence or messuage within a manor, the basic unit of territorial organisation in the feudal system in Europe, in which dwelled the lord of the manor.
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Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastroianni, Knight Grand Cross (28 September 1924 – 19 December 1996) was an Italian film actor.
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MGM still of Mario Lanza, circa mid-1950s Mario Lanza (born Alfred Arnold Cocozza; January 31, 1921 – October 7, 1959) was an American tenor, actor and Hollywood film star of the late 1940s and the 1950s.
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Mario Merola (April 6, 1934 – November 12, 2006) was an Italian singer and actor, most prominently known for having rejuvenated the traditional popular Neapolitan melodrama known as the sceneggiata.
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Mario Monti (born 19 March 1943) is an Italian economist who served as the Prime Minister of Italy from 2011 to 2013, leading a government of technocrats in the wake of the Italian debt crisis.
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A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is somebody who suffers persecution and/or death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, and/or refusing to advocate a belief or cause of either a religious or secular nature.
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Masaniello (an abbreviation of Tommaso Aniello) (1622 – 16 July 1647) was an Italian fisherman, who became leader of the revolt against the rule of Habsburg Spain in Naples in 1647.
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In geology, a massif is a section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures.
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Massimo Ranieri (born in Naples, Italy Giovanni Calone, 3 May 1951), is an Italian pop singer, film and stage actor.
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Massimo Troisi (19 February 1953 – 4 June 1994) was an Italian actor, film director, and poet.
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Mayonnaise (often abbreviated as mayo) is a thick, creamy sauce often used as a condiment.
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A medical school is a tertiary educational institution—or part of such an institution—that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons.
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In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.
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The term Mediterranean climate is one typical of the Mediterranean Basin and is a particular variety of subtropical climate.
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The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.
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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (or;; 29 September 1547 (assumed)22 April 1616), often simply called Cervantes, was a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright.
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Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin (p; – 1 July 1876) was a Russian revolutionary anarchist, and founder of collectivist anarchism.
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Milan (or; Milano; Milanese: Milan), the second-most populous city in Italy, serves as the capital of Lombardy.
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Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
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Molise (Molisano: Mulise) is a region of Southern Italy.
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Monarchism is the advocacy of a monarch or monarchical rule.
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Morra De Sanctis is a town and comune in the province of Avellino, Campania, southern Italy.
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Mount Vesuvius (Monte Vesuvio, Mons Vesuvius) is a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about east of Naples and a short distance from the shore.
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Mozzarella is a cheese, from southern Italy, traditionally made from Italian buffalo milk by the pasta filata method.
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A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have a similar or equal chance of gaining control of government offices, separately or in coalition government.
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Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence.
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Naples (Napoli, Neapolitan: nNapule; Neapolis; Νεάπολις, meaning "new city") is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Rome and Milan.
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Naples Cathedral (Duomo di Napoli, Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta or Cattedrale di San Gennaro) is a Roman Catholic cathedral, the main church of Naples, southern Italy, and the seat of the Archbishop of Naples.
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Naples International Airport (Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli, official name: Ugo Niutta) is the international airport serving Naples, Italy.
The Naples Lazzaroni is an historical term specific to the Age of Revolution that identifies the poorest of the lower class (in Italian, lazzaroni or lazzari) in the city and kingdom of Naples, Italy.
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Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.
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Napoli Centrale (Naples Central Station) is the main railway station in the city of Naples and in southern Italy and the sixth largest station in Italy in terms of passenger flow with an annual ridership of 50 million.
The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.
The Neapolitan Republic was a republic created in Naples, which lasted from 22 October 1647 to 5 April 1648.
The Neapolitan War was a conflict between the Napoleonic Kingdom of Naples and the Austrian Empire.
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Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
The Netherlands (Nederland) is the main "constituent country" (land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
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Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli (4 April 1752 – 5 May 1837) was an Italian composer, chiefly of opera.
Gaetano "Nino" d'Angelo (born 21 June 1957) is an Italian pop/folk singer.
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Nocera Inferiore is a town and comune in Campania, Italy, in the province of Salerno, at the foot of Monte Albino, 20 km east-south-east of Naples by rail.
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Nola is a municipality in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, situated in the plain between Mount Vesuvius and the Apennines.
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The Normans (Normands; Nortmanni) were the people who in the 10th and 11th centuries gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
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Northern Italy is a cultural and geographical region, without any administrative purpose, used to indicate the northern part of the Italian state, also informally referred as Il Nord, Settentrione or Alta Italia.
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Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
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Flavius Odoacer (433–493), also known as Flavius Odovacer (Odoacre, OdoacerusLouis Maimbourg, The History of Arianism, Volume 2, 1729 Odoaker), was a soldier, who in 476 became the first King of Italy (476–493).
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The olive or, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "european olive", (syn. Olea sylvestrishttp://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-355062) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in much of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands, Mauritius and Réunion.
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Olive oil is a fat obtained from the olive (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
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Olivier salad (салат Оливье)It is called "Olivier salad" in Belarus, Russia, Ukraine, as well as in Iran and the United States.
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The modern Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques) are the leading international sporting event featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
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Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.
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Oscan is an extinct Indo-European language of southern Italy.
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The Osci (also called Opici, Opsci, Obsci, Opicans, Όπικοί, Όσκοί), were an Italic people of Campania and Latium adiectum during Roman times.
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Paestum was a major ancient Greek city on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Magna Graecia.
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The Royal Palace of Caserta (Italian: Reggia di Caserta) is a former royal residence in Caserta, southern Italy, constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples.
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Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos, بَلَرْم, Balarm; Phoenician: זִיז, Ziz) is a city in Insular Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Province of Palermo.
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Pappi Corsicato (born 12 June 1960) is an Italian film director and screenwriter.
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Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.
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Parmenides of Elea (Παρμενίδης ὁ Ἐλεάτης; fl. late sixth or early fifth century BCE) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia (Greater Greece, included Southern Italy).
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The Parthenopean Republic (Repubblica Partenopea) was a French First Republic-supported republic in the territory of the Kingdom of Naples, formed during the French Revolutionary Wars after King Ferdinand IV fled before advancing French troops.
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Pastiera is a type of Italian cake made with eggs, boiled wheat and ricotta cheese.
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Pasture (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing.
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Paul the Apostle (Paulos; c. 5 – c. 67), originally known as Saul of Tarsus (שאול התרסי; Saulos Tarseus), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world.
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The Peace of Caltabellotta, signed on 31 August 1302, was the last of a series of treaties, including those of Tarascon and Anagni, designed to end the conflict between the Houses of Anjou and Barcelona for ascendancy in the Mediterranean and especially Sicily and the Mezzogiorno.
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Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Zúñiga, jure uxoris Marquis of Villafranca del Bierzo (Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Zúñiga, Marqués de Villafranca del Bierzo; July 13, 1484 – February 21, 1553) was a Spanish politician.
Peppino De Filippo (August 24, 1903 - January 27, 1980) was an Italian actor.
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Peppino di Capri (born Giuseppe Faiella in Naples, Italy on 27 July 1939) is an Italian popular music singer, songwriter and pianist, successful in Italy and Europe.
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A personal union is the combination of two or more states who have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
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Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was an Italian scholar and poet in Renaissance Italy, and one of the earliest humanists.
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The Phlegraean Fields (Italian: Campi Flegrei; from Greek φλέγω, "to burn") are a large volcanic area situated to the west of Naples, Italy.
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Procida and, in the background, Ischia, seen from Cape Miseno. The Phlegraean Islands (Isole Flegree) are an archipelago in southern Italy, and comprise the islands of Ischia, Procida, Vivara, and Nisida, to which Capri is sometimes added.
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Pietro Badoglio, 1st Duke of Addis Abeba, 1st Marquess of Sabotino (28 September 1871 – 1 November 1956) was an Italian general during both World Wars and a Prime Minister of Italy, as well as the first viceroy of Italian East Africa.
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Pino Daniele (19 March 1955 – 4 January 2015) was an Italian singer-songwriter, and guitarist, whose influences covered a wide number of genres, including pop, blues, jazz, and Italian and Middle Eastern music.
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Pizza is a flatbread generally topped with tomato sauce and cheese and baked in an oven.
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Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23 – August 25, AD 79), better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian.
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Politics (from πολιτικός politikos, definition "of, for, or relating to citizens") is the practice and theory of influencing other people.
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The Politics of Campania, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
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Angelo Ambrogini (14 July 1454 – 24 September 1494), commonly known by his nickname Poliziano (anglicized as Politian; Latin: Politianus), was an Italian classical scholar and poet of the Florentine Renaissance.
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The city of Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
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The Pope (papa; from πάππας pappas, a child's word for father) is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
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Pope Boniface VIII (Bonifatius VIII; c. 1230 – 11 October 1303), born Benedetto Caetani, was Pope from 24 December 1294 to his death in 1303.
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Pope Innocent IV (Innocentius IV; c. 1195 – 7 December 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was head of the Catholic Church from 25 June 1243 to his death in 1254.
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Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.
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Poseidonia (Ποσειδωνία) is a village and a former municipality on the island of Syros, in the Cyclades, Greece.
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Pozzuoli is a city and comune of the Metropolitan City of Naples, in the Italian region of Campania.
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Pre-Socratic philosophy is Greek ancient philosophy before Socrates (and includes schools contemporary to Socrates that were not influenced by him).
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The President of the Italian Republic (Presidente della Repubblica Italiana) is the head of state of Italy and, in that role, represents national unity and guarantees that Italian politics comply with the Constitution.
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A presidential system is a system of government where a head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
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The Prime Minister of Italy, officially the President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri della Repubblica Italiana), is the head of government of the Italian Republic.
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A principality (or princedom) can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or by a monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince.
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Procida is one of the Flegrean Islands off the coast of Naples in southern Italy.
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Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body.
The Province of Avellino (Provincia di Avellino) is a province in the Campania region of southern Italy.
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The Province of Benevento (Provincia di Benevento) is a province in the Campania region of Italy.
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The Province of Caserta (Provincia di Caserta) is a province in the Campania region of Italy.
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The Province of Naples (Italian: Provincia di Napoli, Napulitano: Pruvincia 'e Nàpule) was a province in the Campania region of southern Italy; since January 2015 has been replaced by the Metropolitan City of Naples.
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The Province of Salerno (Provincia di Salerno) is a province in the Campania region of Italy.
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Provolone is an Italian cheese that originated in Casilli near Vesuvius, where it is still produced in shapes varying from 10 to 15 cm (3.93–5.90 in) long pear, sausage, or cone shapes.
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The Pyrrhic War (280–275 BC) was a complex series of battles and shifting political alliances among the Greeks (specifically Epirus, Macedonia, and the city states of Magna Graecia), the Italian peoples (primarily the Roman Republic, Samnites and the Etruscans), and the Carthaginians.
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Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails.
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Raimondo di Sangro, Prince of Sansevero (30 January 1710 – 22 March 1771) was an Italian nobleman, inventor, soldier, writer, scientist, alchemist and freemason best remembered for his reconstruction of the Chapel of Sansevero in Naples.
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Rapini (commonly marketed in the United States as broccoli raab/rabe) is a green cruciferous vegetable.
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The regions of Italy (Italian: regioni) are the first-level administrative divisions of the country, constituting its second NUTS administrative level.
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Renato Caccioppoli (20 January 1904 – 8 May 1959) was an Italian mathematician, known for his contributions to mathematical analysis, including the theory of functions of several complex variables, functional analysis, measure theory.
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Renato Carosone (3 January 1920 – 20 May 2001), born Renato Carusone, was among the greatest figures of Italian music scene in the second half of the 20th century.
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René of Anjou (Rainièr d'Anjau; René d'Anjou; 1409–1480), also known as René I of Naples (Renato I di Napoli) and Good King René (Rai Rainièr lo Bòn; Le bon roi René), was count of Piedmont, duke of Bar (1430–80), duke of Lorraine (1431–53), duke of Anjou, count of Provence (1434–80), king of Naples (1435–42; titular 1442–80), titular king of Jerusalem (1438–80) and Aragon including Sicily, Majorca and Corsica (1466–80).
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Lorenzo Giovanni (Renzo) Arbore (born 24 June 1937 in Foggia) is an Italian TV host, showman, singer, musician, film actor, and film director.
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Representative democracy (also indirect democracy or psephocracy) is a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
The Most Serene Republic of Genoa (Repubblica di Genova, Repúbrica de Zêna) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, incorporating Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean.
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The Republic of Pisa was a de facto independent state centered on the Tuscan city of Pisa during the late 10th and 11th centuries.
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Ricotta (in Italian) is an Italian whey cheese made from sheep (or cow, goat, or Italian water buffalo) milk whey left over from the production of cheese.
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Roberto Murolo (19 January 1912 – 13 March 2003) was a musical institution, both in his home of Naples and all of Italy, during the middle and second half of the 20th century.
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The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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Roman Italy was created officially by the Roman Emperor Augustus with the Latin name Italia.
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The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the period of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
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Romanization or latinization (or romanisation, latinisation: see spelling differences), in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Roman (Latin) script, or a system for doing so.
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Rome (Roma, Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy.
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Romulus Augustus (born perhaps around 461 – died after 476, and was apparently still alive as late as 507) was an Emperor (alleged usurper) reigning over the Western Roman Empire from 31 October 475 until 4 September 476.
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Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport with origins back to Ancient Egyptian times.
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The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's principal naval warfare force.
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Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts, such as molasses, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation.
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A rum baba or baba au rhum is a small yeast cake saturated in hard liquor, usually rum, and sometimes filled with whipped cream or pastry cream.
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In general, a rural area or countryside' is a geographic area that is located outside cities and the centers of towns.
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Società Sportiva Juve Stabia is an Italian football club, based in Castellammare di Stabia.
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Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli, commonly referred to as Napoli, is a professional Italian football club based in Naples and founded in 1926.
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Joseph (Hebrew יוֹסֵף, Yosef; Ἰωσήφ, Ioseph) is a figure in the Gospels, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus, and is venerated as Saint Joseph in some Christian traditions.
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Saint Peter (Petrus, Petros, Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa, שמעון בר יונה; died 64 AD), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simōn, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Church.
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Salami is a type of cured sausage consisting of fermented and air-dried meat, typically beef or pork.
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Salerno is a city and comune in Campania (south-western Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name.
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Salvator Rosa (1615 – March 15, 1673) was an Italian Baroque painter, poet, and printmaker, who was active in Naples, Rome, and Florence.
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The First, Second, and Third Samnite Wars, between the early Roman Republic, fighting for control of Italy, and the tribes of Samnium, extended over half a century, involving almost all the states of Italy, and ended in Roman domination of the Samnites.
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Samnium (Sannio) is a Latin exonym for a region of Southern Italy anciently inhabited by the Samnites.
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Santa Lucia is a traditional Neapolitan song.
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The School of Posillipo refers to a loose group of landscape painters, based in the waterfront Posillipo neighborhood of Naples, Italy.
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The School of Resina was a loosely linked group of Italian artists painting both landscapes and contemporary scenes in a non-academic Realistic style.
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The Second Punic War, also referred to as The Hannibalic War and (by the Romans) The War Against Hannibal, lasted from 218 to 201 BC and involved combatants in the western and eastern Mediterranean.
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Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.
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Sergio Bruni (stage name of Guglielmo Chianese, 15 September 1921 – 22 June 2003) was a popular Italian singer, guitarist, and songwriter.
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Serie A, also called Serie A TIM due to sponsorship by Telecom Italia, is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top of the Italian football league system and has been operating for over eighty years since the 1929–30 season.
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Serie B, currently named Serie B Eurobet due to sponsorship reasons, is the second-highest division in the Italian football league system after the Serie A. It is contested by 22 teams and organized by the Lega Serie B since July 2010, after the split of Lega Calcio that previously took care of both the Serie A and Serie B. Common nicknames for the league are campionato cadetto and cadetteria, as cadetto is the Italian for junior or cadet.
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Serie D is the top level of the Italian non-professional football association called Lega Nazionale Dilettanti.
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Sfogliatella (plural: sfogliatelle), is a shell-shaped filled Italian pastry native to Campania.
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Sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock.
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The term shrimp is used to refer to some decapod crustaceans, although the exact animals covered can vary.
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The Sicilian Vespers (Italian: Vespri siciliani; Sicilian: Vespiri siciliani) is the name given to the successful rebellion on the island of Sicily that broke out on the Easter of 1282 against the rule of the French-born king Charles I, who had ruled the Kingdom of Sicily since 1266.
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Sicily (Sicilia, Old Norse: Sikiley) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy officially referred to as Regione Sicilia.
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Social class (or simply "class"), as in a class society, is a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle, and lower classes.
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Solopaca is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Benevento in the Italian region Campania, located about 45 km northeast of Naples and about 20 km northwest of Benevento.
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Sophia Loren (born Sofia Villani Scicolone, 20 September 1934) is an Italian film actress.
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Sorrento (Neapolitan: Surriento) is a town overlooking the Bay of Naples in Southern Italy.
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The Sorrento Peninsula or Sorrentine Peninsula is a peninsula located in southern Italy that separates the Gulf of Naples to the north from the Gulf of Salerno to the south.
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Southern Italy or Mezzogiorno (literally "midday") is the traditional term for the southern regions of Italy, encompassing the southern section of the continental Italian Peninsula and the island of Sicily.
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Spaghetti is a long, thin, cylindrical, solid pasta.
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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.
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The Spanish Empire (Imperio español) was one of the largest empires in world history and one of the first of global extent.
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The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition (Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition (Inquisición española), was established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile.
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Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
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Struffoli is a Neapolitan dish made of deep fried balls of dough about the size of marbles.
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Swabia (Schwaben, colloquially Schwabenland or Ländle; in English also archaic Suabia or Svebia) is a cultural, historic, and linguistic region in southwestern Germany.
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Monte Taburno, or Taburno Camposauro is a group of mountains in the Apennines, to the west of Benevento, central Italy.
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Taurasi is a town and comune in the province of Avellino, Campania, Italy.
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Teresa De Sio (born 3 November 1955) is an Italian folk singer-songwriter and the sister of the actress Giuliana De Sio.
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The Decameron (From the Greek: δέκα - ten & μέρα - day) (Italian: Decameron or Decamerone), subtitled Prince Galehaut (Old Prencipe Galeotto), is a collection of novellas by the 14th-century Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio (1313–1375).
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Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Dīvī Augustī Fīlius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was a Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.
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Titina De Filippo, born Annunziata De Filippo (27 March 1898 – 26 December 1963) was an Italian actress and playwright.
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The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red berry-type fruit of the nightshade Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.
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Tomato sauce refers to any of a very large number of sauces made primarily from tomatoes, usually to be served as part of a dish (rather than as a condiment).
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Tommaso Campanella OP (5 September 1568 – 21 May 1639), baptized Giovanni Domenico Campanella, was a Dominican friar, Italian philosopher, theologian, astrologer, and poet.
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Tony Tammaro, stage name of Vincenzo Sarnelli, (born January 7, 1961 in Naples) is an Italian parody singer/songwriter.
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"Torna a Surriento" is a Neapolitan song said to have been composed in 1902 by Ernesto De Curtis to words by his brother, Giambattista.
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Torquato Tasso (11 March 1544 – 25 April 1595) was an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem La Gerusalemme liberata (Jerusalem Delivered, 1581), in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the siege of Jerusalem.
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Torre Annunziata is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, region of Campania in Italy.
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Torre del Greco is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, with a population of some 88,000 as of 2007.
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Prince Antonio Griffo Focas Flavio Angelo Ducas Comneno Porfirogenito Gagliardi De Curtis di Bisanzio, best known by his stage name Totò (15 February 1898 – 15 April 1967) or as Antonio De Curtis, and nicknamed il Principe della risata ("the Prince of laughter"), was an Italian comedian, film and theatre actor, writer, singer and songwriter.
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Toulon (Provençal Occitan: Tolon in classical norm or Touloun in Mistralian norm) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base.
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Tourism is travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration.
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The Treaty of Vienna or Peace of Vienna was signed on 18 November 1738.
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Tullio De Piscopo (born 24 February 1946, Naples, Italy) is an Italian drummer and singer.
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Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about 23,000 square kilometres (8,900 sq mi) and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).
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The Tyrrhenian Sea (Mari Tirrenu, Mer Tyrrhénienne, Mar Tirreno, Mar Tirreno, Mare Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.
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Unione Sportiva Avellino 1912, is an Italian football club, based in Avellino, Campania.
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Unione Sportiva Salernitana 1919, or simply Salernitana is an Italian association football club from Salerno, Campania.
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The University of Naples Federico II (Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II) is a university located in Naples, Italy.
In business, the difference between the sale price and the production cost of a product is the unit profit.
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Velia was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
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The Vesuvius Observatory is the surveillance centre for monitoring the three volcanoes which threaten the Campanian region of Italy: Mount Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Ischia.
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A viceroy is a regal official who runs a country, colony, or city province (or state) in the name of and as representative of the monarch.
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Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele III, Viktor Emanueli III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was King of Italy (29 July 1900 – 9 May 1946).
Vienna (Wien) is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria.
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Vincenzo De Luca (b. May 8, 1949 in Ruvo del Monte) is an Italian politician who is a member of the Democratic Party.
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Vincenzo Gemito (July 16, 1852 - March 1, 1929) was an Italian sculptor and artist.
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Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
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Vittorio De Sica (7 July 1901 – 13 November 1974) was an Italian director and actor, a leading figure in the neorealist movement.
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Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (p), alias Lenin (p) (– 21 January 1924) was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
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A volcano observatory is an institution that conducts research and monitoring of a volcano.
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The War of the Polish Succession (1733–1738) was a major European war sparked by a Polish civil war over the succession to Augustus II, which the other European powers widened in pursuit of their own national interests.
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a major European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death in 1700 of the last Habsburg King of Spain, the infirm and childless Charles II.
The water buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China.
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Water polo is a team water sport.
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In historiography, the Western Roman Empire consists of the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with (or only nominally subordinate to) that administering the eastern half.
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William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898), was a British Liberal politician.
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Zeno of Elea (Ζήνων ὁ Ἐλεάτης; c. 490 – c. 430 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Magna Graecia and a member of the Eleatic School founded by Parmenides.
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A Zeppola (plural: zeppole; in southern Italian dialects: zeppoli, in north eastern dialects: frittelle) is an Italian pastry consisting of a deep-fried dough ball of varying size but typically about in diameter.
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99 Posse is an Italian hip hop/reggae group from Naples.
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